Live Now — View the live webcast at our Online Campus
DevotionalDevotionalDV 2 Kings 23:31-25:30Old TestamentOT Acts 22:17-23:10New TestamentNT Psalm 2:1-12PsalmPS Proverbs 18:13ProverbsPR All

Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Jehoiachin's life is a tremendous picture of God's judgment and grace. His sin landed him in a dungeon for thirty-seven years; then suddenly without explanation the king sent for him and released him from prison. More favor was extended to him through kind words, a position of honor, daily food at the king's table, and a regular allowance for the rest of his life.

In the same way, God reached down into the dark prison house of sin, and by grace He instantly released us from our sentence. He cleaned us up, spoke His love to us, and seated us "with him in the heavenly realms" (Ephesians 2:6). He dressed us in the finest robes of righteousness and continues to feed us each day with living bread from the table of the Word of God. Finally, He provides for all our material needs on a daily basis by promising to supply all our needs according to His riches in glory (Philippians 4:19).

"Now then, you kings, act wisely! Be warned, you rulers of the earth!" (Psalm 2:10). Let us not boast of our positions, prestige, or prosperity. We are where we are because of God's incredible grace!

2 Kings 23:31-25:30

Jehoahaz King of Judah23:31-34pp — 2Ch 36:2-4

31 Jehoahaz1Ch 3:15; Jer 22:11 was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Hamutal2Ki 24:18 daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.32 He did evil1Ki 15:26 in the eyes of the Lord, just as his predecessors had done.33 Pharaoh Necho put him in chains at RiblahS Nu 34:11 in the land of Hamath1Ki 8:65 so that he might not reign in Jerusalem, and he imposed on Judah a levy of a hundred talentsThat is, about 3 3/4 tons or about 3.4 metric tons of silver and a talentThat is, about 75 pounds or about 34 kilograms of gold.34 Pharaoh Necho made Eliakim2Ki 24:6; 1Ch 3:15; 2Ch 36:5-8; Jer 1:3 son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah and changed Eliakim’s name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz and carried him off to Egypt, and there he died.Jer 22:1235 Jehoiakim paid Pharaoh Necho the silver and gold he demanded. In order to do so, he taxed the land and exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land according to their assessments.Jer 2:16

Jehoiakim King of Judah23:36–24:6pp — 2Ch 36:5-8

36 JehoiakimJer 26:1 was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Zebidah daughter of Pedaiah; she was from Rumah.37 And he did evil1Ki 15:26 in the eyes of the Lord, just as his predecessors had done.

24 During Jehoiakim’s reign, Nebuchadnezzarver 10; 2Ki 25:11; Ezr 5:12; Jer 4:7; 25:1, 9; 39:1; 40:1; 50:17; 52:15; Eze 32:2; Da 1:1; 7:4 king of Babylon invadedJer 35:11 the land, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. But then he turned against Nebuchadnezzar and rebelled.S 2Ki 18:7The Lord sent Babylonian,Or ChaldeanJer 5:15; Hab 1:6 Aramean,Jer 35:11 Moabite and Ammonite raidersS 2Ki 5:2 against him to destroyIsa 28:18-19 Judah, in accordance with the word of the Lord proclaimed by his servants the prophets.Jer 12:7-9; 25:1; 26:1; 36:1; Eze 23:23; Da 1:2Surely these things happened to Judah according to the Lord’s command,S 2Ki 18:25 in order to remove them from his presence2Ki 13:23 because of the sins of ManassehS 1Ki 14:9; S 2Ki 21:12; Jer 15:4 and all he had done,including the shedding of innocent blood.S 2Ki 21:16; Jer 22:3 For he had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, and the Lord was not willing to forgive.S Ex 23:21; La 3:42

As for the other events of Jehoiakim’s reign,Jer 22:18-19 and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?Jehoiakim restedJer 22:19; 36:30 with his ancestors. And Jehoiachin1Ch 3:16; Jer 22:24, 28; Eze 19:1 his son succeeded him as king.

The king of EgyptS Ge 15:18; S 2Ki 18:21; S Jer 46:25 did not march out from his own country again, because the king of BabylonJer 1:14; 25:9; 46:24 had taken all his territory, from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River.

Jehoiachin King of Judah24:8-17pp — 2Ch 36:9-10

Jehoiachin1Ch 3:16; Jer 22:24; 37:1 was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Nehushtaver 15; Jer 13:18; 22:26; 29:2 daughter of Elnathan; she was from Jerusalem.He did evil1Ki 15:26 in the eyes of the Lord, just as his father had done.

10 At that time the officers of NebuchadnezzarS ver 1 king of Babylon advanced on Jerusalem and laid siege to it,11 and Nebuchadnezzar himself came up to the city while his officers were besieging it.12 Jehoiachin king of Judah, his mother, his attendants, his nobles and his officials all surrendered2Ki 25:27; Jer 13:18; 22:24-30; 24:1; 29:2 to him.

In the eighth year of the reign of the king of Babylon, he took Jehoiachin prisoner.13 As the Lord had declared,2Ki 20:17 Nebuchadnezzar removed the treasures2Ki 25:15; Isa 39:6; 42:22 from the temple of the Lord and from the royal palace, and cut up the gold articles2Ki 25:14; Ezr 1:7; Isa 39:6; Jer 15:13; 17:3; 20:5; 27:16; 28:3; Eze 7:21; Da 1:2; 5:2, 23; Zep 1:13 that SolomonS 1Ki 7:51 king of Israel had made for the temple of the Lord.14 He carried all Jerusalem into exile:S Dt 28:36; S 2Ch 36:20; S Mt 1:11 all the officers and fighting men,Isa 3:1-3 and all the skilled workers and artisans—a total of ten thousand. Only the poorestDt 15:11; 2Ki 25:12; Job 5:16; Ps 9:18; Jer 40:7; 52:16 people of the land were left.

15 Nebuchadnezzar took JehoiachinS 2Ki 20:18; Eze 19:9 captive to Babylon. He also took from Jerusalem to Babylon the king’s mother,S ver 8; S 1Ki 2:19 his wives, his officials and the prominent peopleEst 2:6; Isa 39:7; La 2:9; Eze 1:2; 17:12-14; Da 1:3 of the land.16 The king of Babylon also deported to Babylon the entire force of seven thousand fighting men, strong and fit for war, and a thousand skilled workers and artisans.Ezr 2:1; Jer 24:117 He made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah.1Ch 3:15; 2Ch 36:11; Jer 1:3; 37:1; 52:1; Eze 17:13

Zedekiah King of Judah24:18-20pp — 2Ch 36:11-16; Jer 52:1-3

18 Zedekiah1Ch 3:16; Jer 39:1 was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal2Ki 23:31 daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.19 He did evil1Ki 15:26; Jer 37:2 in the eyes of the Lord, just as Jehoiakim had done.20 It was because of the Lord’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrustDt 4:26; 29:27 them from his presence.S Ex 33:15; S 2Ki 13:23

The Fall of Jerusalem25:1-12pp — Jer 39:1-1025:1-21pp — 2Ch 36:17-20; Jer 52:4-2725:22-26pp — Jer 40:7-9; 41:1-3, 16-18

Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

25 So in the ninthJer 32:1 year of Zedekiah’s reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, NebuchadnezzarJer 21:2; 34:1-7 king of Babylon marched against Jerusalem with his whole army. He encamped outside the city and built siege worksIsa 23:13; 29:3; Jer 4:16-17; 32:2; 33:4; Eze 21:22; 24:2 all around it.The city was kept under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.

By the ninth day of the fourthProbable reading of the original Hebrew text (see Jer. 52:6); Masoretic Text does not have fourth. month the famineS Lev 26:26; Isa 22:2; Jer 14:18; 37:21; La 2:20; 4:9 in the city had become so severe that there was no food for the people to eat.Then the city wall was broken through,Job 30:14; Ps 144:14; Jer 50:15; 51:44, 58; Eze 33:21 and the whole army fled at night through the gate between the two walls near the king’s garden, though the BabyloniansOr Chaldeans; also in verses 13, 25 and 26 were surroundingJer 4:17; 6:3 the city. They fled toward the Arabah,Or the Jordan Valleybut the BabylonianOr Chaldean; also in verses 10 and 24 army pursued the king and overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his soldiers were separated from him and scattered,S Lev 26:36; Eze 12:14; 17:21and he was captured.Isa 22:3; Jer 38:23

He was taken to the king of Babylon at Riblah,S Nu 34:11 where sentence was pronounced on him.They killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes. Then they put out his eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon.S Dt 28:36; Jer 21:7; 32:4-5; 34:3, 21; Eze 12:11; 19:9; 40:1

On the seventh day of the fifth month, in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan commander of the imperial guard, an official of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.He set fireIsa 60:7; 63:15, 18; 64:11 to the temple of the Lord, the royal palace and all the houses of Jerusalem. Every important building he burned down.S Dt 13:16; Ne 1:3; Ps 74:3-8; 79:1; Jer 2:15; 17:27; 21:10; 26:6, 18; La 4:11; Am 2:5; Mic 3:1210 The whole Babylonian army under the commander of the imperial guard broke down the wallsNe 1:3; Jer 50:15 around Jerusalem.11 Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard carried into exileS Lev 26:44; 2Ki 24:14 the people who remained in the city, along with the rest of the populace and those who had deserted to the king of Babylon.S Dt 28:36; S 2Ki 24:112 But the commander left behind some of the poorest peopleS 2Ki 24:14 of the land to work the vineyards and fields.

13 The Babylonians brokeS 1Ki 7:50 up the bronze pillars, the movable stands and the bronze Sea that were at the temple of the Lord and they carried the bronze to Babylon.14 They also took away the pots, shovels, wick trimmers, dishesS Nu 7:14 and all the bronze articlesS 2Ki 24:13; Ezr 1:7 used in the temple service.15 The commander of the imperial guard took away the censers and sprinkling bowls—all that were made of pure gold or silver.S 2Ki 24:13; Jer 15:13; 20:5; 27:16-22

16 The bronze from the two pillars, the Sea and the movable stands, which Solomon had made for the temple of the Lord, was more than could be weighed.17 Each pillar1Ki 7:15-22 was eighteen cubitsThat is, about 27 feet or about 8.1 meters high. The bronze capital on top of one pillar was three cubitsThat is, about 4 1/2 feet or about 1.4 meters high and was decorated with a network and pomegranates of bronze all around. The other pillar, with its network, was similar.

18 The commander of the guard took as prisoners Seraiahver 18-21; 1Ch 6:14; Ezr 7:1; Ne 11:11 the chief priest, ZephaniahJer 21:1; 29:25; 37:3 the priest next in rank and the three doorkeepers.S 2Ki 12:9; S 23:419 Of those still in the city, he took the officer in charge of the fighting men, and five royal advisers. He also took the secretary who was chief officer in charge of conscripting the people of the land and sixty of the conscripts who were found in the city.20 Nebuzaradan the commander took them all and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.21 There at Riblah,S Nu 34:11 in the land of Hamath, the king had them executed.Jer 34:21

So Judah went into captivity,S 1Ki 8:46 away from her land.S Ge 12:7; S Jos 23:13

22 Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon appointed GedaliahJer 39:14; 40:5, 7; 41:18 son of Ahikam,S 2Ki 22:12 the son of Shaphan, to be over the people he had left behind in Judah.23 When all the army officers and their men heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah as governor, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, Jaazaniah the son of the Maakathite, and their men.24 Gedaliah took an oath to reassure them and their men. “Do not be afraid of the Babylonian officials,” he said. “Settle down in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well with you.”

25 In the seventh month, however, Ishmael son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, who was of royal blood, came with ten men and assassinatedS 2Ki 12:20 Gedaliah and also the men of Judah and the Babylonians who were with him at Mizpah.Zec 7:526 At this, all the people from the least to the greatest, together with the army officers, fled to EgyptIsa 30:2; Jer 43:7 for fear of the Babylonians.

Jehoiachin Released25:27-30pp — Jer 52:31-34

27 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the year Awel-Marduk became king of Babylon, he released JehoiachinS 2Ki 24:12 king of Judah from prison. He did this on the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth month.28 He spoke kindlyS 1Ki 8:50 to him and gave him a seat of honorEzr 5:5; 7:6, 28; 9:9; Ne 2:1; Da 2:48 higher than those of the other kings who were with him in Babylon.29 So Jehoiachin put aside his prison clothes and for the rest of his life ate regularly at the king’s table.S 2Sa 9:730 Day by day the king gave Jehoiachin a regular allowance as long as he lived.Ge 43:34; Est 2:9; 9:22; Jer 28:4

Jehoahaz Rules in Judah

31 Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah.32 He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, just as his ancestors had done.

33 Pharaoh Neco put Jehoahaz in prison at Riblah in the land of Hamath to prevent him from rulingThe meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. in Jerusalem. He also demanded that Judah pay 7,500 pounds of silver and 75 pounds of goldHebrew 100 talents [3,400 kilograms] of silver and 1 talent [34 kilograms] of gold. as tribute.

Jehoiakim Rules in Judah

34 Pharaoh Neco then installed Eliakim, another of Josiah’s sons, to reign in place of his father, and he changed Eliakim’s name to Jehoiakim. Jehoahaz was taken to Egypt as a prisoner, where he died.

35 In order to get the silver and gold demanded as tribute by Pharaoh Neco, Jehoiakim collected a tax from the people of Judah, requiring them to pay in proportion to their wealth.

36 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother was Zebidah, the daughter of Pedaiah from Rumah.37 He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, just as his ancestors had done.

24 During Jehoiakim’s reign, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invaded the land of Judah. Jehoiakim surrendered and paid him tribute for three years but then rebelled.Then the Lord sent bands of Babylonian,Or Chaldean. Aramean, Moabite, and Ammonite raiders against Judah to destroy it, just as the Lord had promised through his prophets.These disasters happened to Judah because of the Lord’s command. He had decided to banish Judah from his presence because of the many sins of Manasseh,who had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood. The Lord would not forgive this.

The rest of the events in Jehoiakim’s reign and all his deeds are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Judah.When Jehoiakim died, his son Jehoiachin became the next king.

The king of Egypt did not venture out of his country after that, for the king of Babylon captured the entire area formerly claimed by Egypt—from the Brook of Egypt to the Euphrates River.

Jehoiachin Rules in Judah

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan from Jerusalem.Jehoiachin did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, just as his father had done.

10 During Jehoiachin’s reign, the officers of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came up against Jerusalem and besieged it.11 Nebuchadnezzar himself arrived at the city during the siege.12 Then King Jehoiachin, along with the queen mother, his advisers, his commanders, and his officials, surrendered to the Babylonians.

In the eighth year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, he took Jehoiachin prisoner.13 As the Lord had said beforehand, Nebuchadnezzar carried away all the treasures from the Lord’s Temple and the royal palace. He stripped awayOr He cut apart. all the gold objects that King Solomon of Israel had placed in the Temple.14 King Nebuchadnezzar took all of Jerusalem captive, including all the commanders and the best of the soldiers, craftsmen, and artisans—10,000 in all. Only the poorest people were left in the land.

15 Nebuchadnezzar led King Jehoiachin away as a captive to Babylon, along with the queen mother, his wives and officials, and all Jerusalem’s elite.16 He also exiled 7,000 of the best troops and 1,000 craftsmen and artisans, all of whom were strong and fit for war.17 Then the king of Babylon installed Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’sHebrew his. uncle, as the next king, and he changed Mattaniah’s name to Zedekiah.

Zedekiah Rules in Judah

18 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah.19 But Zedekiah did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, just as Jehoiakim had done.20 These things happened because of the Lord’s anger against the people of Jerusalem and Judah, until he finally banished them from his presence and sent them into exile.

The Fall of Jerusalem

Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

25 So on January 15,Hebrew on the tenth day of the tenth month, of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar. A number of events in 2 Kings can be cross-checked with dates in surviving Babylonian records and related accurately to our modern calendar. This day was January 15, 588 B.c. during the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon led his entire army against Jerusalem. They surrounded the city and built siege ramps against its walls.Jerusalem was kept under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah’s reign.

By July 18 in the eleventh year of Zedekiah’s reign,Hebrew By the ninth day of the [fourth] month [in the eleventh year of Zedekiah’s reign] (compare Jer 39:2; 52:6 and the notes there). This day was July 18, 586 B.c.; also see note on 25:1. the famine in the city had become very severe, and the last of the food was entirely gone.Then a section of the city wall was broken down. Since the city was surrounded by the Babylonians,Or the Chaldeans; also in 25:13, 25, 26. the soldiers waited for nightfall and escapedAs in Greek version (see also Jer 39:4; 52:7); Hebrew lacks escaped. through the gate between the two walls behind the king’s garden. Then they headed toward the Jordan Valley.Hebrew the Arabah.

But the BabylonianOr Chaldean; also in 25:10, 24. troops chased the king and overtook him on the plains of Jericho, for his men had all deserted him and scattered.They captured the king and took him to the king of Babylon at Riblah, where they pronounced judgment upon Zedekiah.They made Zedekiah watch as they slaughtered his sons. Then they gouged out Zedekiah’s eyes, bound him in bronze chains, and led him away to Babylon.

The Temple Destroyed

On August 14 of that year,Hebrew On the seventh day of the fifth month, of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar. This day was August 14, 586 B.c.; also see note on 25:1. which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard and an official of the Babylonian king, arrived in Jerusalem.He burned down the Temple of the Lord, the royal palace, and all the houses of Jerusalem. He destroyed all the important buildingsOr destroyed the houses of all the important people. in the city.10 Then he supervised the entire Babylonian army as they tore down the walls of Jerusalem on every side.11 Then Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took as exiles the rest of the people who remained in the city, the defectors who had declared their allegiance to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the population.12 But the captain of the guard allowed some of the poorest people to stay behind to care for the vineyards and fields.

13 The Babylonians broke up the bronze pillars in front of the Lord’s Temple, the bronze water carts, and the great bronze basin called the Sea, and they carried all the bronze away to Babylon.14 They also took all the ash buckets, shovels, lamp snuffers, ladles, and all the other bronze articles used for making sacrifices at the Temple.15 The captain of the guard also took the incense burners and basins, and all the other articles made of pure gold or silver.

16 The weight of the bronze from the two pillars, the Sea, and the water carts was too great to be measured. These things had been made for the Lord’s Temple in the days of Solomon.17 Each of the pillars was 27 feetHebrew 18 cubits [8.3 meters]. tall. The bronze capital on top of each pillar was 7 1⁄2 feetAs in parallel texts at 1 Kgs 7:16, 2 Chr 3:15, and Jer 52:22, all of which read 5 cubits [2.3 meters]; Hebrew reads 3 cubits, which is 4.5 feet or 1.4 meters. high and was decorated with a network of bronze pomegranates all the way around.

18 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took with him as prisoners Seraiah the high priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three chief gatekeepers.19 And from among the people still hiding in the city, he took an officer who had been in charge of the Judean army; five of the king’s personal advisers; the army commander’s chief secretary, who was in charge of recruitment; and sixty other citizens.20 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took them all to the king of Babylon at Riblah.21 And there at Riblah, in the land of Hamath, the king of Babylon had them all put to death. So the people of Judah were sent into exile from their land.

Gedaliah Governs in Judah

22 Then King Nebuchadnezzar appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan as governor over the people he had left in Judah.23 When all the army commanders and their men learned that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah as governor, they went to see him at Mizpah. These included Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, JezaniahAs in parallel text at Jer 40:8; Hebrew reads Jaazaniah, a variant spelling of Jezaniah. son of the Maacathite, and all their men.

24 Gedaliah vowed to them that the Babylonian officials meant them no harm. “Don’t be afraid of them. Live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and all will go well for you,” he promised.

25 But in midautumn of that year,Hebrew in the seventh month, of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar. This month occurred within the months of October and November 586 B.c.; also see note on 25:1. Ishmael son of Nethaniah and grandson of Elishama, who was a member of the royal family, went to Mizpah with ten men and killed Gedaliah. He also killed all the Judeans and Babylonians who were with him at Mizpah.

26 Then all the people of Judah, from the least to the greatest, as well as the army commanders, fled in panic to Egypt, for they were afraid of what the Babylonians would do to them.

Hope for Israel’s Royal Line

27 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of King Jehoiachin of Judah, Evil-merodach ascended to the Babylonian throne. He was kind toHebrew He raised the head of. Jehoiachin and released himAs in some Hebrew manuscripts and Greek and Syriac versions (see also Jer 52:31); Masoretic Text lacks released him. from prison on April 2 of that year.Hebrew on the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth month, of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar. This day was April 2, 561 B.c.; also see note on 25:1.28 He spoke kindly to Jehoiachin and gave him a higher place than all the other exiled kings in Babylon.29 He supplied Jehoiachin with new clothes to replace his prison garb and allowed him to dine in the king’s presence for the rest of his life.30 So the king gave him a regular food allowance as long as he lived.

31 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

32 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his fathers had done.

33 And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.

34 And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.

35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaohnechoh.

36 Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.

37 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his fathers had done.

24 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him.

And the Lord sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by his servants the prophets.

Surely at the commandment of the Lord came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight, for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he did;

And also for the innocent blood that he shed: for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; which the Lord would not pardon.

Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.

And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land: for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt.

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father had done.

10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.

11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants did besiege it.

12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.

13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord, as the Lord had said.

14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.

15 And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king's mother, and the king's wives, and his officers, and the mighty of the land, those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.

16 And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.

17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

18 Zedekiah was twenty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

19 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.

20 For through the anger of the Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

25 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about.

And the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.

And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

And the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which is by the king's garden: (now the Chaldees were against the city round about:) and the king went the way toward the plain.

And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook him in the plains of Jericho: and all his army were scattered from him.

So they took the king, and brought him up to the king of Babylon to Riblah; and they gave judgment upon him.

And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Babylon.

And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem:

And he burnt the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house burnt he with fire.

10 And all the army of the Chaldees, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about.

11 Now the rest of the people that were left in the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multitude, did Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away.

12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.

13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the Lord, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon.

14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.

15 And the firepans, and the bowls, and such things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away.

16 The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Solomon had made for the house of the Lord; the brass of all these vessels was without weight.

17 The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and the chapiter upon it was brass: and the height of the chapiter three cubits; and the wreathen work, and pomegranates upon the chapiter round about, all of brass: and like unto these had the second pillar with wreathen work.

18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city:

20 And Nebuzaradan captain of the guard took these, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah:

21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.

22 And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.

23 And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.

24 And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldees: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you.

25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah.

26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt: for they were afraid of the Chaldees.

27 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison;

28 And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon;

29 And changed his prison garments: and he did eat bread continually before him all the days of his life.

30 And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life.

Acts 22:17-23:10

17 “When I returned to JerusalemAc 9:26 and was praying at the temple, I fell into a tranceAc 10:1018 and saw the Lord speaking to me. ‘Quick!’ he said. ‘Leave Jerusalem immediately, because the people here will not accept your testimony about me.’

19 “‘Lord,’ I replied, ‘these people know that I went from one synagogue to another to imprisonver 4; S Ac 8:3 and beatS Mt 10:17 those who believe in you.20 And when the blood of your martyrOr witness Stephen was shed, I stood there giving my approval and guarding the clothes of those who were killing him.’Ac 7:57-60; 8:1

21 “Then the Lord said to me, ‘Go; I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’ S Ac 9:15; S 13:46

Paul the Roman Citizen

22 The crowd listened to Paul until he said this. Then they raised their voices and shouted, “Rid the earth of him!Ac 21:36 He’s not fit to live!”Ac 25:24

23 As they were shouting and throwing off their cloaksAc 7:58 and flinging dust into the air,2Sa 16:1324 the commander ordered that Paul be taken into the barracks.S Ac 21:34 He directedver 29 that he be flogged and interrogated in order to find out why the people were shouting at him like this.25 As they stretched him out to flog him, Paul said to the centurion standing there, “Is it legal for you to flog a Roman citizen who hasn’t even been found guilty?”Ac 16:37

26 When the centurion heard this, he went to the commander and reported it. “What are you going to do?” he asked. “This man is a Roman citizen.”

27 The commander went to Paul and asked, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?”

“Yes, I am,” he answered.

28 Then the commander said, “I had to pay a lot of money for my citizenship.”

“But I was born a citizen,” Paul replied.

29 Those who were about to interrogate himver 24 withdrew immediately. The commander himself was alarmed when he realized that he had put Paul, a Roman citizen,ver 24, 25; Ac 16:38 in chains.S Ac 21:33

Paul Before the Sanhedrin

30 The commander wanted to find out exactly why Paul was being accused by the Jews.Ac 23:28 So the next day he released himAc 21:33 and ordered the chief priests and all the members of the SanhedrinS Mt 5:22 to assemble. Then he brought Paul and had him stand before them.

23 Paul looked straight at the SanhedrinAc 22:30 and said, “My brothers,S Ac 22:5 I have fulfilled my duty to God in all good conscienceAc 24:16; 1Co 4:4; 2Co 1:12; 1Ti 1:5, 19; 3:9; 2Ti 1:3; Heb 9:14; 10:22; 13:18; 1Pe 3:16, 21 to this day.”At this the high priest AnaniasAc 24:1 ordered those standing near Paul to strike him on the mouth.Jn 18:22Then Paul said to him, “God will strike you, you whitewashed wall!Mt 23:27 You sit there to judge me according to the law, yet you yourself violate the law by commanding that I be struck!”Lev 19:15; Dt 25:1, 2; Jn 7:51

Those who were standing near Paul said, “How dare you insult God’s high priest!”

Paul replied, “Brothers, I did not realize that he was the high priest; for it is written: ‘Do not speak evil about the ruler of your people.’Exodus 22:28Ex 22:28

Then Paul, knowing that some of them were Sadduceesver 7, 8; S Ac 4:1 and the others Pharisees, called out in the Sanhedrin, “My brothers,S Ac 22:5 I am a Pharisee,Ac 26:5; Php 3:5 descended from Pharisees. I stand on trial because of the hope of the resurrection of the dead.”Ac 24:15, 21; 26:8When he said this, a dispute broke out between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided.(The Sadducees say that there is no resurrection,Mt 22:23; 1Co 15:12 and that there are neither angels nor spirits, but the Pharisees believe all these things.)

There was a great uproar, and some of the teachers of the law who were PhariseesMk 2:16 stood up and argued vigorously. “We find nothing wrong with this man,”ver 29; Jer 26:16; S Lk 23:4; Ac 25:25; 26:31; 28:18 they said. “What if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?”Ac 22:7, 17, 1810 The dispute became so violent that the commander was afraid Paul would be torn to pieces by them. He ordered the troops to go down and take him away from them by force and bring him into the barracks.S Ac 21:34

17 “After I returned to Jerusalem, I was praying in the Temple and fell into a trance.18 I saw a vision of JesusGreek him. saying to me, ‘Hurry! Leave Jerusalem, for the people here won’t accept your testimony about me.’

19 “‘But Lord,’ I argued, ‘they certainly know that in every synagogue I imprisoned and beat those who believed in you.20 And I was in complete agreement when your witness Stephen was killed. I stood by and kept the coats they took off when they stoned him.’

21 “But the Lord said to me, ‘Go, for I will send you far away to the Gentiles!’

22 The crowd listened until Paul said that word. Then they all began to shout, “Away with such a fellow! He isn’t fit to live!”23 They yelled, threw off their coats, and tossed handfuls of dust into the air.

Paul Reveals His Roman Citizenship

24 The commander brought Paul inside and ordered him lashed with whips to make him confess his crime. He wanted to find out why the crowd had become so furious.25 When they tied Paul down to lash him, Paul said to the officerGreek the centurion; also in 22:26. standing there, “Is it legal for you to whip a Roman citizen who hasn’t even been tried?”

26 When the officer heard this, he went to the commander and asked, “What are you doing? This man is a Roman citizen!”

27 So the commander went over and asked Paul, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?”

“Yes, I certainly am,” Paul replied.

28 “I am, too,” the commander muttered, “and it cost me plenty!”

Paul answered, “But I am a citizen by birth!”

29 The soldiers who were about to interrogate Paul quickly withdrew when they heard he was a Roman citizen, and the commander was frightened because he had ordered him bound and whipped.

Paul before the High Council

30 The next day the commander ordered the leading priests into session with the Jewish high council.Greek Sanhedrin. He wanted to find out what the trouble was all about, so he released Paul to have him stand before them.

23 Gazing intently at the high council,Greek Sanhedrin; also in 23:6, 15, 20, 28. Paul began: “Brothers, I have always lived before God with a clear conscience!”

Instantly Ananias the high priest commanded those close to Paul to slap him on the mouth.But Paul said to him, “God will slap you, you corrupt hypocrite!Greek you whitewashed wall. What kind of judge are you to break the law yourself by ordering me struck like that?”

Those standing near Paul said to him, “Do you dare to insult God’s high priest?”

“I’m sorry, brothers. I didn’t realize he was the high priest,” Paul replied, “for the Scriptures say, ‘You must not speak evil of any of your rulers.’Exod 22:28.

Paul realized that some members of the high council were Sadducees and some were Pharisees, so he shouted, “Brothers, I am a Pharisee, as were my ancestors! And I am on trial because my hope is in the resurrection of the dead!”

This divided the council—the Pharisees against the Sadducees—for the Sadducees say there is no resurrection or angels or spirits, but the Pharisees believe in all of these.So there was a great uproar. Some of the teachers of religious law who were Pharisees jumped up and began to argue forcefully. “We see nothing wrong with him,” they shouted. “Perhaps a spirit or an angel spoke to him.”10 As the conflict grew more violent, the commander was afraid they would tear Paul apart. So he ordered his soldiers to go and rescue him by force and take him back to the fortress.

17 And it came to pass, that, when I was come again to Jerusalem, even while I prayed in the temple, I was in a trance;

18 And saw him saying unto me, Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me.

19 And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on thee:

20 And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him.

21 And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles.

22 And they gave him audience unto this word, and then lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a fellow from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live.

23 And as they cried out, and cast off their clothes, and threw dust into the air,

24 The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him.

25 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?

26 When the centurion heard that, he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman.

27 Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He said, Yea.

28 And the chief captain answered, With a great sum obtained I this freedom. And Paul said, But I was free born.

29 Then straightway they departed from him which should have examined him: and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him.

30 On the morrow, because he would have known the certainty wherefore he was accused of the Jews, he loosed him from his bands, and commanded the chief priests and all their council to appear, and brought Paul down, and set him before them.

23 And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

And the high priest Ananias commanded them that stood by him to smite him on the mouth.

Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, thou whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?

And they that stood by said, Revilest thou God's high priest?

Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people.

But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.

And when he had so said, there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: and the multitude was divided.

For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.

And there arose a great cry: and the scribes that were of the Pharisees' part arose, and strove, saying, We find no evil in this man: but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken to him, let us not fight against God.

10 And when there arose a great dissension, the chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces of them, commanded the soldiers to go down, and to take him by force from among them, and to bring him into the castle.

Psalm 2:1-12

Psalm 2

Why do the nations conspireHebrew; Septuagint rage

and the peoples plotPs 21:11; 83:5; Pr 24:2 in vain?

The kingsPs 48:4 of the earth rise up

and the rulers band together

against the Lord and against his anointed,S 1Sa 9:16; Jn 1:41; Ac 4:25-26* saying,

“Let us break their chainsS Job 36:8

and throw off their shackles.”S 2Sa 3:34

The One enthronedIsa 37:16; 40:22; 66:1 in heaven laughs;Ps 37:13; Pr 1:26

the Lord scoffs at them.

He rebukes them in his angerPs 6:1; 27:9; 38:1

and terrifies them in his wrath,Ps 21:9; 79:6; 90:7; 110:5 saying,

“I have installed my kingPs 10:16; 24:10

on Zion,2Ki 19:31; Ps 9:11; 48:2, 11; 78:68; 110:2; 133:3 my holy mountain.S Ex 15:17

I will proclaim the Lord’s decree:

He said to me, “You are my son;S Mt 3:17; S 4:3

today I have become your father.S 2Sa 7:14; Ac 13:33*; Heb 1:5*; 5:5*

Ask me,

and I will make the nationsRev 2:26 your inheritance,S Job 22:26; Mt 21:38

the ends of the earthPs 22:27; 67:7 your possession.

You will break them with a rod of ironOr will rule them with an iron scepter (see Septuagint and Syriac);S Ge 49:10; Rev 12:5

you will dash them to piecesS Ex 15:6 like pottery.Isa 30:14; Jer 19:10; Rev 2:27*; 19:15

10 Therefore, you kings, be wise;Pr 27:11

be warned, you rulersPs 141:6; Pr 8:15; Am 2:3 of the earth.

11 Serve the Lord with fearPs 103:11

and celebrate his rulePs 9:2; 35:9; 104:34; Isa 61:10 with trembling.S 1Ch 16:30

12 Kiss his son,ver 7 or he will be angry

and your way will lead to your destruction,

for his wrathS Dt 9:8; Rev 6:16 can flare up in a moment.

BlessedPs 84:12 are all who take refugePs 5:11; 34:8; 64:10 in him.

Psalm 2

Why are the nations so angry?

Why do they waste their time with futile plans?

The kings of the earth prepare for battle;

the rulers plot together

against the Lord

and against his anointed one.

“Let us break their chains,” they cry,

“and free ourselves from slavery to God.”

But the one who rules in heaven laughs.

The Lord scoffs at them.

Then in anger he rebukes them,

terrifying them with his fierce fury.

For the Lord declares, “I have placed my chosen king on the throne

in Jerusalem,Hebrew on Zion. on my holy mountain.”

The king proclaims the Lord’s decree:

“The Lord said to me, ‘You are my son.Or Son; also in 2:12.

Today I have become your Father.Or Today I reveal you as my son.

Only ask, and I will give you the nations as your inheritance,

the whole earth as your possession.

You will breakGreek version reads rule. Compare Rev 2:27. them with an iron rod

and smash them like clay pots.’”

10 Now then, you kings, act wisely!

Be warned, you rulers of the earth!

11 Serve the Lord with reverent fear,

and rejoice with trembling.

12 Submit to God’s royal son,The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. or he will become angry,

and you will be destroyed in the midst of all your activities—

for his anger flares up in an instant.

But what joy for all who take refuge in him!

Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?

The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his anointed, saying,

Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.

He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.

Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.

Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.

Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.

11 Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling.

12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

Proverbs 18:13

13 To answer before listening—

that is folly and shame.Pr 20:25

13 Spouting off before listening to the facts

is both shameful and foolish.

13 He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.

Jul 3 Jul 5
Bible Gateway