Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

All of us get "out of joint" occasionally-with our spouses, with the Church, with other people, and sometimes even with the Lord. We don't mean to be that way. We don't anticipate our actions or feelings, but we find ourselves in dissension with others to whom we really are connected.

In speaking of the human body, Paul said, "The whole body is fitted together perfectly. As each part does its own special work, it helps the other parts grow, so that the whole body is healthy and growing and full of love" (Ephesians 4:16). When we get out of joint with the rest of the Body of Christ, we no longer supply what others need, nor do we submit to the Head, who is Christ. We cause ourselves, as well as those to whom we are connected, much pain.

The remedy? One who "is overcome by some sin" (Galatians 6:1) should be restored gently by those who are spiritual. Such a person is still part of the Body of Christ, and we need him. We must always remember to deal in the spirit of meekness with one who is out of joint, because our Lord Himself paid the price when His bones were all out of joint!

Get back "in joint" with your spouse and Christian friends. Jesus is the "Joint" that joins you!

2 Chronicles 21:1-23:21

21 Then Jehoshaphat rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the City of David. And JehoramS 1Ch 3:11 his son succeeded him as king.Jehoram’s brothers, the sons of Jehoshaphat, were Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariahu, Michael and Shephatiah. All these were sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel.That is, Judah, as frequently in 2 ChroniclesTheir father had given them many gifts2Ch 11:23 of silver and gold and articles of value, as well as fortified citiesS 2Ch 11:10 in Judah, but he had given the kingdom to Jehoram because he was his firstborn son.

Jehoram King of Judah21:5-10, 20pp — 2Ki 8:16-24

When Jehoram establishedS 1Ki 2:12 himself firmly over his father’s kingdom, he put all his brothersJdg 9:5 to the sword along with some of the officials of Israel.Jehoram was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years.He followed the ways of the kings of Israel,1Ki 12:28-30 as the house of Ahab had done, for he married a daughter of Ahab.2Ch 18:1; 22:3 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord.Nevertheless, because of the covenant the Lord had made with David,S 2Sa 7:13 the Lord was not willing to destroy the house of David.S 2Sa 7:15; 2Ch 23:3 He had promised to maintain a lampS 2Sa 21:17 for him and his descendants forever.

In the time of Jehoram, Edom2Ch 20:22-23 rebelled against Judah and set up its own king.So Jehoram went there with his officers and all his chariots. The Edomites surrounded him and his chariot commanders, but he rose up and broke through by night.10 To this day Edom has been in rebellion against Judah.

LibnahS Nu 33:20 revolted at the same time, because Jehoram had forsaken the Lord, the God of his ancestors.11 He had also built high places on the hills of Judah and had caused the people of Jerusalem to prostitute themselves and had led Judah astray.

12 Jehoram received a letter from Elijah2Ki 1:16-17 the prophet, which said:

“This is what the Lord, the God of your father2Ch 17:3-6 David, says: ‘You have not followed the ways of your father Jehoshaphat or of Asa2Ch 14:2 king of Judah.13 But you have followed the ways of the kings of Israel, and you have led Judah and the people of Jerusalem to prostitute themselves, just as the house of Ahab did.1Ki 16:29-33 You have also murdered your own brothers, members of your own family, men who were better1Ki 2:32 than you.14 So now the Lord is about to strike your people, your sons, your wives and everything that is yours, with a heavy blow.15 You yourself will be very ill with a lingering diseaseS Nu 12:10 of the bowels, until the disease causes your bowels to come out.’”

16 The Lord aroused against Jehoram the hostility of the Philistines and of the Arabs2Ch 17:10-11; 22:1; 26:7 who lived near the Cushites.17 They attacked Judah, invaded it and carried off all the goods found in the king’s palace, together with his sons and wives. Not a son was left to him except Ahaziah,Hebrew Jehoahaz, a variant of Ahaziah the youngest.2Ki 12:18; 2Ch 22:1; Joel 3:5

18 After all this, the Lord afflicted Jehoram with an incurable disease of the bowels.19 In the course of time, at the end of the second year, his bowels came out because of the disease, and he died in great pain. His people made no funeral fire in his honor,S 2Ch 16:14 as they had for his predecessors.

20 Jehoram was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years. He passed away, to no one’s regret, and was buried2Ch 24:25; 28:27; 33:20 in the City of David, but not in the tombs of the kings.

Ahaziah King of Judah22:1-6pp — 2Ki 8:25-2922:7-9pp — 2Ki 9:21-29

22 The people2Ch 33:25; 36:1 of Jerusalem2Ch 23:20-21; 26:1 made Ahaziah, Jehoram’s youngest son, king in his place, since the raiders,S 2Ch 21:16-17 who came with the Arabs into the camp, had killed all the older sons. So Ahaziah son of Jehoram king of Judah began to reign.

Ahaziah was twenty-twoSome Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also 2 Kings 8:26); Hebrew forty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem one year. His mother’s name was Athaliah, a granddaughter of Omri.

He too followedS 2Ch 18:1 the ways of the house of Ahab,S 2Ch 21:6 for his mother encouraged him to act wickedly.He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, as the house of Ahab had done, for after his father’s death they became his advisers, to his undoing.He also followed their counsel when he went with JoramHebrew Jehoram, a variant of Joram; also in verses 6 and 7 son of Ahab king of Israel to wage war against Hazael king of Aram at Ramoth Gilead.2Ch 18:11, 34 The Arameans wounded Joram;so he returned to Jezreel to recover from the wounds they had inflicted on him at RamothHebrew Ramah, a variant of Ramoth in his battle with Hazael1Ki 19:15; 2Ki 8:13-15 king of Aram.

Then AhaziahSome Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac (see also 2 Kings 8:29); most Hebrew manuscripts Azariah son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to Jezreel to see Joram son of Ahab because he had been wounded.

Through Ahaziah’s2Ki 9:16 visit to Joram, God brought about Ahaziah’s downfall. When Ahaziah arrived, he went out with Joram to meet Jehu son of Nimshi, whom the Lord had anointed to destroy the house of Ahab.While Jehu was executing judgment on the house of Ahab,S 2Ki 10:13 he found the officials of Judah and the sons of Ahaziah’s relatives, who had been attending Ahaziah, and he killed them.He then went in search of Ahaziah, and his men captured him while he was hidingS Jdg 9:5 in Samaria. He was brought to Jehu and put to death. They buried him, for they said, “He was a son of Jehoshaphat, who sought2Ch 17:4 the Lord with all his heart.” So there was no one in the house of Ahaziah powerful enough to retain the kingdom.

Athaliah and Joash22:10–23:21pp — 2Ki 11:1-21

10 When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to destroy the whole royal family of the house of Judah.11 But Jehosheba,Hebrew Jehoshabeath, a variant of Jehosheba the daughter of King Jehoram, took Joash son of Ahaziah and stole him away from among the royal princes who were about to be murdered and put him and his nurse in a bedroom. Because Jehosheba,Hebrew Jehoshabeath, a variant of Jehosheba the daughter of King Jehoram and wife of the priest Jehoiada, was Ahaziah’s sister, she hid the child from Athaliah so she could not kill him.12 He remained hidden with them at the temple of God for six years while Athaliah ruled the land.

23 In the seventh year Jehoiada showed his strength. He made a covenant with the commanders of units of a hundred: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zikri.They went throughout Judah and gathered the LevitesS Nu 35:2-5 and the heads of Israelite families from all the towns. When they came to Jerusalem,the whole assembly made a covenantS 2Ki 11:17 with the king at the temple of God.

Jehoiada said to them, “The king’s son shall reign, as the Lord promised concerning the descendants of David.S 2Sa 7:12; S 1Ki 2:4; S 2Ch 6:16; S 7:18; S 21:7Now this is what you are to do: A third of you priests and Levites who are going on duty on the Sabbath are to keep watch at the doors,a third of you at the royal palace and a third at the Foundation Gate, and all the others are to be in the courtyards of the temple of the Lord.No one is to enter the temple of the Lord except the priests and Levites on duty; they may enter because they are consecrated, but all the others are to observeZec 3:7 the Lord’s command not to enter.Or are to stand guard where the Lord has assigned themThe Levites are to station themselves around the king, each with weapon in hand. Anyone who enters the temple is to be put to death. Stay close to the king wherever he goes.”

The Levites and all the men of Judah did just as Jehoiada the priest ordered.2Ki 11:9 Each one took his men—those who were going on duty on the Sabbath and those who were going off duty—for Jehoiada the priest had not released any of the divisions.S 1Ch 24:1Then he gave the commanders of units of a hundred the spears and the large and small shields that had belonged to King David and that were in the temple of God.10 He stationed all the men, each with his weapon in his hand, around the king—near the altar and the temple, from the south side to the north side of the temple.

11 Jehoiada and his sons brought out the king’s son and put the crown on him; they presented him with a copyDt 17:18 of the covenant and proclaimed him king. They anointed him and shouted, “Long live the king!”

12 When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and cheering the king, she went to them at the temple of the Lord.13 She looked, and there was the king,1Ki 1:41 standing by his pillarS 1Ki 7:15 at the entrance. The officers and the trumpeters were beside the king, and all the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets, and musicians with their instruments were leading the praises. Then Athaliah tore her robes and shouted, “Treason! Treason!”

14 Jehoiada the priest sent out the commanders of units of a hundred, who were in charge of the troops, and said to them: “Bring her out between the ranksOr out from the precincts and put to the sword anyone who follows her.” For the priest had said, “Do not put her to death at the temple of the Lord.”15 So they seized her as she reached the entrance of the Horse GateJer 31:40 on the palace grounds, and there they put her to death.

16 Jehoiada then made a covenant2Ch 29:10; 34:31; Ne 9:38 that he, the people and the kingOr covenant between the Lord and the people and the king that they (see 2 Kings 11:17) would be the Lord’s people.17 All the people went to the temple of Baal and tore it down. They smashed the altars and idols and killedDt 13:6-9 Mattan the priest of Baal in front of the altars.

18 Then Jehoiada placed the oversight of the temple of the Lord in the hands of the Levitical priests,S 1Ch 23:28-32 to whom David had made assignments in the temple,S 1Ch 23:6; S 25:6 to present the burnt offerings of the Lord as written in the Law of Moses, with rejoicing and singing, as David had ordered.19 He also stationed gatekeepers1Ch 9:22 at the gates of the Lord’s temple so that no one who was in any way unclean might enter.

20 He took with him the commanders of hundreds, the nobles, the rulers of the people and all the people of the land and brought the king down from the temple of the Lord. They went into the palace through the Upper GateS 2Ki 15:35 and seated the king on the royal throne.21 All the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was calm, because Athaliah had been slain with the sword.S 2Ch 22:1

Jehoram Rules in Judah

21 When Jehoshaphat died, he was buried with his ancestors in the City of David. Then his son Jehoram became the next king.

Jehoram’s brothers—the other sons of Jehoshaphat—were Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariahu, Michael, and Shephatiah; all these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Judah.Masoretic Text reads of Israel; also in 21:4. The author of Chronicles sees Judah as representative of the true Israel. (Some Hebrew manuscripts, Greek and Syriac versions, and Latin Vulgate read of Judah.)Their father had given each of them valuable gifts of silver, gold, and costly items, and also some of Judah’s fortified towns. However, he designated Jehoram as the next king because he was the oldest.But when Jehoram had become solidly established as king, he killed all his brothers and some of the other leaders of Judah.

Jehoram was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years.But Jehoram followed the example of the kings of Israel and was as wicked as King Ahab, for he had married one of Ahab’s daughters. So Jehoram did what was evil in the Lord’s sight.But the Lord did not want to destroy David’s dynasty, for he had made a covenant with David and promised that his descendants would continue to rule, shining like a lamp forever.

During Jehoram’s reign, the Edomites revolted against Judah and crowned their own king.So Jehoram went out with his full army and all his chariots. The Edomites surrounded him and his chariot commanders, but he went out at night and attacked themOr he went out and escaped. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. under cover of darkness.10 Even so, Edom has been independent from Judah to this day. The town of Libnah also revolted about that same time. All this happened because Jehoram had abandoned the Lord, the God of his ancestors.11 He had built pagan shrines in the hill country of Judah and had led the people of Jerusalem and Judah to give themselves to pagan gods and to go astray.

12 Then Elijah the prophet wrote Jehoram this letter:

“This is what the Lord, the God of your ancestor David, says: You have not followed the good example of your father, Jehoshaphat, or your grandfather King Asa of Judah.13 Instead, you have been as evil as the kings of Israel. You have led the people of Jerusalem and Judah to worship idols, just as King Ahab did in Israel. And you have even killed your own brothers, men who were better than you.14 So now the Lord is about to strike you, your people, your children, your wives, and all that is yours with a heavy blow.15 You yourself will suffer with a severe intestinal disease that will get worse each day until your bowels come out.”

16 Then the Lord stirred up the Philistines and the Arabs, who lived near the Ethiopians,Hebrew the Cushites. to attack Jehoram.17 They marched against Judah, broke down its defenses, and carried away everything of value in the royal palace, including the king’s sons and his wives. Only his youngest son, Ahaziah,Hebrew Jehoahaz, a variant spelling of Ahaziah; compare 22:1. was spared.

18 After all this, the Lord struck Jehoram with an incurable intestinal disease.19 The disease grew worse and worse, and at the end of two years it caused his bowels to come out, and he died in agony. His people did not build a great funeral fire to honor him as they had done for his ancestors.

20 Jehoram was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years. No one was sorry when he died. They buried him in the City of David, but not in the royal cemetery.

Ahaziah Rules in Judah

22 Then the people of Jerusalem made Ahaziah, Jehoram’s youngest son, their next king, since the marauding bands who came with the ArabsOr marauding bands of Arabs. had killed all the older sons. So Ahaziah son of Jehoram reigned as king of Judah.

Ahaziah was twenty-twoAs in some Greek manuscripts and Syriac version (see also 2 Kgs 8:26); Hebrew reads forty-two. years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem one year. His mother was Athaliah, a granddaughter of King Omri.Ahaziah also followed the evil example of King Ahab’s family, for his mother encouraged him in doing wrong.He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, just as Ahab’s family had done. They even became his advisers after the death of his father, and they led him to ruin.

Following their evil advice, Ahaziah joined Joram,Hebrew Jehoram, a variant spelling of Joram; also in 22:6, 7. the son of King Ahab of Israel, in his war against King Hazael of Aram at Ramoth-gilead. When the ArameansAs in two Hebrew manuscripts and Latin Vulgate (see also 2 Kgs 8:28); Masoretic Text reads the archers. wounded Joram in the battle,he returned to Jezreel to recover from the wounds he had received at Ramoth.Hebrew Ramah, a variant spelling of Ramoth. Because Joram was wounded, King AhaziahAs in some Hebrew manuscripts, Greek and Syriac versions, and Latin Vulgate (see also 2 Kgs 8:29); most Hebrew manuscripts read Azariah. of Judah went to Jezreel to visit him.

But God had decided that this visit would be Ahaziah’s downfall. While he was there, Ahaziah went out with Joram to meet Jehu grandson of Nimshi,Hebrew descendant of Nimshi; compare 2 Kgs 9:2, 14. whom the Lord had appointed to destroy the dynasty of Ahab.

While Jehu was executing judgment against the family of Ahab, he happened to meet some of Judah’s officials and Ahaziah’s relativesAs in Greek version (see also 2 Kgs 10:13); Hebrew reads and sons of the brothers of Ahaziah. who were traveling with Ahaziah. So Jehu killed them all.Then Jehu’s men searched for Ahaziah, and they found him hiding in the city of Samaria. They brought him to Jehu, who killed him. Ahaziah was given a decent burial because the people said, “He was the grandson of Jehoshaphat—a man who sought the Lord with all his heart.” But none of the surviving members of Ahaziah’s family was capable of ruling the kingdom.

Queen Athaliah Rules in Judah

10 When Athaliah, the mother of King Ahaziah of Judah, learned that her son was dead, she began to destroy the rest of Judah’s royal family.11 But Ahaziah’s sister Jehosheba,As in parallel text at 2 Kgs 11:2; Hebrew lacks Ahaziah’s sister and reads Jehoshabeath [a variant spelling of Jehosheba]. the daughter of King Jehoram, took Ahaziah’s infant son, Joash, and stole him away from among the rest of the king’s children, who were about to be killed. She put Joash and his nurse in a bedroom. In this way, Jehosheba, wife of Jehoiada the priest and sister of Ahaziah, hid the child so that Athaliah could not murder him.12 Joash remained hidden in the Temple of God for six years while Athaliah ruled over the land.

Revolt against Athaliah

23 In the seventh year of Athaliah’s reign, Jehoiada the priest decided to act. He summoned his courage and made a pact with five army commanders: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zicri.These men traveled secretly throughout Judah and summoned the Levites and clan leaders in all the towns to come to Jerusalem.They all gathered at the Temple of God, where they made a solemn pact with Joash, the young king.

Jehoiada said to them, “Here is the king’s son! The time has come for him to reign! The Lord has promised that a descendant of David will be our king.This is what you must do. When you priests and Levites come on duty on the Sabbath, a third of you will serve as gatekeepers.Another third will go over to the royal palace, and the final third will be at the Foundation Gate. Everyone else should stay in the courtyards of the Lord’s Temple.Remember, only the priests and Levites on duty may enter the Temple of the Lord, for they are set apart as holy. The rest of the people must obey the Lord’s instructions and stay outside.You Levites, form a bodyguard around the king and keep your weapons in hand. Kill anyone who tries to enter the Temple. Stay with the king wherever he goes.”

So the Levites and all the people of Judah did everything as Jehoiada the priest ordered. The commanders took charge of the men reporting for duty that Sabbath, as well as those who were going off duty. Jehoiada the priest did not let anyone go home after their shift ended.Then Jehoiada supplied the commanders with the spears and the large and small shields that had once belonged to King David and were stored in the Temple of God.10 He stationed all the people around the king, with their weapons ready. They formed a line from the south side of the Temple around to the north side and all around the altar.

11 Then Jehoiada and his sons brought out Joash, the king’s son, placed the crown on his head, and presented him with a copy of God’s laws.Or a copy of the covenant. They anointed him and proclaimed him king, and everyone shouted, “Long live the king!”

The Death of Athaliah

12 When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and the shouts of praise to the king, she hurried to the Lord’s Temple to see what was happening.13 When she arrived, she saw the newly crowned king standing in his place of authority by the pillar at the Temple entrance. The commanders and trumpeters were surrounding him, and people from all over the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets. Singers with musical instruments were leading the people in a great celebration. When Athaliah saw all this, she tore her clothes in despair and shouted, “Treason! Treason!”

14 Then Jehoiada the priest ordered the commanders who were in charge of the troops, “Take her to the soldiers in front of the Temple,Or Bring her out from between the ranks; or Take her out of the Temple precincts. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. and kill anyone who tries to rescue her.” For the priest had said, “She must not be killed in the Temple of the Lord.”15 So they seized her and led her out to the entrance of the Horse Gate on the palace grounds, and they killed her there.

Jehoiada’s Religious Reforms

16 Then Jehoiada made a covenant between himself and the king and the people that they would be the Lord’s people.17 And all the people went over to the temple of Baal and tore it down. They demolished the altars and smashed the idols, and they killed Mattan the priest of Baal in front of the altars.

18 Jehoiada now put the priests and Levites in charge of the Temple of the Lord, following all the directions given by David. He also commanded them to present burnt offerings to the Lord, as prescribed by the Law of Moses, and to sing and rejoice as David had instructed.19 He also stationed gatekeepers at the gates of the Lord’s Temple to keep out those who for any reason were ceremonially unclean.

20 Then the commanders, nobles, rulers, and all the people of the land escorted the king from the Temple of the Lord. They went through the upper gate and into the palace, and they seated the king on the royal throne.21 So all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was peaceful because Athaliah had been killed.

21 Now Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.

And he had brethren the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah: all these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel.

And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Judah: but the kingdom gave he to Jehoram; because he was the firstborn.

Now when Jehoram was risen up to the kingdom of his father, he strengthened himself, and slew all his brethren with the sword, and divers also of the princes of Israel.

Jehoram was thirty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.

And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, like as did the house of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab to wife: and he wrought that which was evil in the eyes of the Lord.

Howbeit the Lord would not destroy the house of David, because of the covenant that he had made with David, and as he promised to give a light to him and to his sons for ever.

In his days the Edomites revolted from under the dominion of Judah, and made themselves a king.

Then Jehoram went forth with his princes, and all his chariots with him: and he rose up by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him in, and the captains of the chariots.

10 So the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. The same time also did Libnah revolt from under his hand; because he had forsaken the Lord God of his fathers.

11 Moreover he made high places in the mountains of Judah and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to commit fornication, and compelled Judah thereto.

12 And there came a writing to him from Elijah the prophet, saying, Thus saith the Lord God of David thy father, Because thou hast not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat thy father, nor in the ways of Asa king of Judah,

13 But hast walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and hast made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, like to the whoredoms of the house of Ahab, and also hast slain thy brethren of thy father's house, which were better than thyself:

14 Behold, with a great plague will the Lord smite thy people, and thy children, and thy wives, and all thy goods:

15 And thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day by day.

16 Moreover the Lord stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians:

17 And they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king's house, and his sons also, and his wives; so that there was never a son left him, save Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons.

18 And after all this the Lord smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease.

19 And it came to pass, that in process of time, after the end of two years, his bowels fell out by reason of his sickness: so he died of sore diseases. And his people made no burning for him, like the burning of his fathers.

20 Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and departed without being desired. Howbeit they buried him in the city of David, but not in the sepulchres of the kings.

22 And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his stead: for the band of men that came with the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest. So Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah reigned.

Forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Athaliah the daughter of Omri.

He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counsellor to do wickedly.

Wherefore he did evil in the sight of the Lord like the house of Ahab: for they were his counsellors after the death of his father to his destruction.

He walked also after their counsel, and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramothgilead: and the Syrians smote Joram.

And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria. And Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab at Jezreel, because he was sick.

And the destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram: for when he was come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi, whom the Lord had anointed to cut off the house of Ahab.

And it came to pass, that, when Jehu was executing judgment upon the house of Ahab, and found the princes of Judah, and the sons of the brethren of Ahaziah, that ministered to Ahaziah, he slew them.

And he sought Ahaziah: and they caught him, (for he was hid in Samaria,) and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him, they buried him: Because, said they, he is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought the Lord with all his heart. So the house of Ahaziah had no power to keep still the kingdom.

10 But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.

11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not.

12 And he was with them hid in the house of God six years: and Athaliah reigned over the land.

23 And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

And they went about in Judah, and gathered the Levites out of all the cities of Judah, and the chief of the fathers of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem.

And all the congregation made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And he said unto them, Behold, the king's son shall reign, as the Lord hath said of the sons of David.

This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you entering on the sabbath, of the priests and of the Levites, shall be porters of the doors;

And a third part shall be at the king's house; and a third part at the gate of the foundation: and all the people shall be in the courts of the house of the Lord.

But let none come into the house of the Lord, save the priests, and they that minister of the Levites; they shall go in, for they are holy: but all the people shall keep the watch of the Lord.

And the Levites shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand; and whosoever else cometh into the house, he shall be put to death: but be ye with the king when he cometh in, and when he goeth out.

So the Levites and all Judah did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest had commanded, and took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that were to go out on the sabbath: for Jehoiada the priest dismissed not the courses.

Moreover Jehoiada the priest delivered to the captains of hundreds spears, and bucklers, and shields, that had been king David's, which were in the house of God.

10 And he set all the people, every man having his weapon in his hand, from the right side of the temple to the left side of the temple, along by the altar and the temple, by the king round about.

11 Then they brought out the king's son, and put upon him the crown, and gave him the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.

12 Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of the Lord:

13 And she looked, and, behold, the king stood at his pillar at the entering in, and the princes and the trumpets by the king: and all the people of the land rejoiced, and sounded with trumpets, also the singers with instruments of musick, and such as taught to sing praise. Then Athaliah rent her clothes, and said, Treason, Treason.

14 Then Jehoiada the priest brought out the captains of hundreds that were set over the host, and said unto them, Have her forth of the ranges: and whoso followeth her, let him be slain with the sword. For the priest said, Slay her not in the house of the Lord.

15 So they laid hands on her; and when she was come to the entering of the horse gate by the king's house, they slew her there.

16 And Jehoiada made a covenant between him, and between all the people, and between the king, that they should be the Lord's people.

17 Then all the people went to the house of Baal, and brake it down, and brake his altars and his images in pieces, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars.

18 Also Jehoiada appointed the offices of the house of the Lord by the hand of the priests the Levites, whom David had distributed in the house of the Lord, to offer the burnt offerings of the Lord, as it is written in the law of Moses, with rejoicing and with singing, as it was ordained by David.

19 And he set the porters at the gates of the house of the Lord, that none which was unclean in any thing should enter in.

20 And he took the captains of hundreds, and the nobles, and the governors of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought down the king from the house of the Lord: and they came through the high gate into the king's house, and set the king upon the throne of the kingdom.

21 And all the people of the land rejoiced: and the city was quiet, after that they had slain Athaliah with the sword.

Romans 11:13-36

13 I am talking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles,S Ac 9:15 I take pride in my ministry14 in the hope that I may somehow arouse my own people to envyver 11; Ro 10:19; 1Co 10:33; 1Th 2:16 and saveS Mt 1:21; S Lk 2:11; S Jn 3:17; Ac 4:12; 16:31; 1Co 1:21; 1Ti 2:4; Tit 3:5 some of them.15 For if their rejection brought reconciliationS Ro 5:10 to the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?Lk 15:24, 3216 If the part of the dough offered as firstfruitsLev 23:10, 17; Nu 15:18-21 is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.

17 If some of the branches have been broken off,Jer 11:16; Jn 15:2 and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the othersAc 2:39; Eph 2:11-13 and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root,18 do not consider yourself to be superior to those other branches. If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you.Jn 4:2219 You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.”20 Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith.1Co 10:12; 2Co 1:24 Do not be arrogant,1Ti 6:17 but tremble.1Pe 1:1721 For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.

22 Consider therefore the kindnessRo 2:4 and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue1Co 15:2; Col 1:23; Heb 3:6 in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off.Jn 15:223 And if they do not persist in unbelief, they will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again.2Co 3:1624 After all, if you were cut out of an olive tree that is wild by nature, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree,Jer 11:16 how much more readily will these, the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree!

All Israel Will Be Saved

25 I do not want you to be ignorantRo 1:13; 1Co 10:1; 12:1; 2Co 1:8; 1Th 4:13 of this mystery,S Ro 16:25 brothers and sisters, so that you may not be conceited:Ro 12:16 Israel has experienced a hardeningver 7; S Ro 9:18 in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in,Lk 21:2426 and in this wayOr and so all Israel will be saved.Isa 45:17; Jer 31:34 As it is written:

“The deliverer will come from Zion;

he will turn godlessness away from Jacob.

27 And this isOr will be my covenant with them

when I take away their sins.”Isaiah 59:20,21; 27:9 (see Septuagint); Jer. 31:33,34Isa 59:20, 21; 27:9; Heb 8:10, 12

28 As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemiesRo 5:10 for your sake; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs,Dt 7:8; 10:15; Ro 9:529 for God’s gifts and his callS Ro 8:28 are irrevocable.S Heb 7:2130 Just as you who were at one time disobedientS Eph 2:2 to God have now received mercy as a result of their disobedience,31 so they too have now become disobedient in order that they too may nowSome manuscripts do not have now. receive mercy as a result of God’s mercy to you.32 For God has bound everyone over to disobedienceS Ro 3:9 so that he may have mercy on them all.

Doxology

33 Oh, the depth of the richesS Ro 2:4 of the wisdom andOr riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of God!Ps 92:5; Eph 3:10; Col 2:3

How unsearchable his judgments,

and his paths beyond tracing out!Job 5:9; 11:7; Ps 139:6; Ecc 8:17; Isa 40:28

34 “Who has known the mind of the Lord?

Or who has been his counselor?”Isaiah 40:13Isa 40:13, 14; Job 15:8; 36:22; Jer 23:18; 1Co 2:16

35 “Who has ever given to God,

that God should repay them?”Job 41:11Job 41:11; 35:7

36 For from him and through him and for him are all things.1Co 8:6; 11:12; Col 1:16; Heb 2:10

To him be the glory forever! Amen.Ro 16:27; Eph 3:21; 1Ti 1:17; 1Pe 5:11; Jude 25; Rev 5:13; 7:12

13 I am saying all this especially for you Gentiles. God has appointed me as the apostle to the Gentiles. I stress this,14 for I want somehow to make the people of Israel jealous of what you Gentiles have, so I might save some of them.15 For since their rejection meant that God offered salvation to the rest of the world, their acceptance will be even more wonderful. It will be life for those who were dead!16 And since Abraham and the other patriarchs were holy, their descendants will also be holy—just as the entire batch of dough is holy because the portion given as an offering is holy. For if the roots of the tree are holy, the branches will be, too.

17 But some of these branches from Abraham’s tree—some of the people of Israel—have been broken off. And you Gentiles, who were branches from a wild olive tree, have been grafted in. So now you also receive the blessing God has promised Abraham and his children, sharing in the rich nourishment from the root of God’s special olive tree.18 But you must not brag about being grafted in to replace the branches that were broken off. You are just a branch, not the root.

19 “Well,” you may say, “those branches were broken off to make room for me.”20 Yes, but remember—those branches were broken off because they didn’t believe in Christ, and you are there because you do believe. So don’t think highly of yourself, but fear what could happen.21 For if God did not spare the original branches, he won’tSome manuscripts read perhaps he won’t. spare you either.

22 Notice how God is both kind and severe. He is severe toward those who disobeyed, but kind to you if you continue to trust in his kindness. But if you stop trusting, you also will be cut off.23 And if the people of Israel turn from their unbelief, they will be grafted in again, for God has the power to graft them back into the tree.24 You, by nature, were a branch cut from a wild olive tree. So if God was willing to do something contrary to nature by grafting you into his cultivated tree, he will be far more eager to graft the original branches back into the tree where they belong.

God’s Mercy Is for Everyone

25 I want you to understand this mystery, dear brothers and sisters,Greek brothers. so that you will not feel proud about yourselves. Some of the people of Israel have hard hearts, but this will last only until the full number of Gentiles comes to Christ.26 And so all Israel will be saved. As the Scriptures say,

“The one who rescues will come from Jerusalem,Greek from Zion.

and he will turn IsraelGreek Jacob. away from ungodliness.

27 And this is my covenant with them,

that I will take away their sins.”Isa 59:20-21; 27:9 (Greek version).

28 Many of the people of Israel are now enemies of the Good News, and this benefits you Gentiles. Yet they are still the people he loves because he chose their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.29 For God’s gifts and his call can never be withdrawn.30 Once, you Gentiles were rebels against God, but when the people of Israel rebelled against him, God was merciful to you instead.31 Now they are the rebels, and God’s mercy has come to you so that they, too, will shareOther manuscripts read will now share; still others read will someday share. in God’s mercy.32 For God has imprisoned everyone in disobedience so he could have mercy on everyone.

33 Oh, how great are God’s riches and wisdom and knowledge! How impossible it is for us to understand his decisions and his ways!

34 For who can know the Lord’s thoughts?

Who knows enough to give him advice?Isa 40:13 (Greek version).

35 And who has given him so much

that he needs to pay it back?See Job 41:11.

36 For everything comes from him and exists by his power and is intended for his glory. All glory to him forever! Amen.

13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:

14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them.

15 For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?

16 For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert grafted in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;

18 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.

19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in.

20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:

21 For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.

22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again.

24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.

26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:

27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

28 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the father's sakes.

29 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.

30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:

31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.

32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?

35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.

Psalm 22:1-18

Psalm 22In Hebrew texts 22:1-31 is numbered 22:2-32.

For the director of music. To the tune of “The Doe of the Morning.” A psalm of David.

My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?S Job 6:15; S Ps 9:10; Mt 27:46*; Mk 15:34*

Why are you so farPs 10:1 from saving me,

so far from my cries of anguish?S Job 3:24

My God, I cry out by day, but you do not answer,S Job 19:7

by night,Ps 42:3; 88:1 but I find no rest.Or night, and am not silent

Yet you are enthroned as the Holy One;S 2Ki 19:22; Ps 71:22; S Mk 1:24

you are the one Israel praises.Or Yet you are holy, / enthroned on the praises of IsraelS Ex 15:2; Ps 148:14

In you our ancestors put their trust;

they trusted and you delivered them.Ps 78:53; 107:6

To you they cried outS 1Ch 5:20 and were saved;

in you they trustedIsa 8:17; 25:9; 26:3; 30:18 and were not put to shame.S 2Ch 13:18; Ps 25:3; 31:17; 71:1; Isa 49:23; Ro 9:33

But I am a wormS Job 4:19 and not a man,

scorned by everyone,S 2Sa 12:14; Ps 31:11; 64:8; 69:19; 109:25 despisedPs 119:141; Isa 49:7; 53:3; 60:14; Mal 2:9; Mt 16:21 by the people.

All who see me mock me;S Job 17:2; Ps 35:16; 69:12; 74:18; Mt 27:41; Mk 15:31; Lk 23:36

they hurl insults,Mt 27:39, 44; Mk 15:32; Lk 23:39 shaking their heads.Mk 15:29

“He trusts in the Lord,” they say,

“let the Lord rescue him.Ps 91:14

Let him deliver him,S Ps 3:2

since he delightsS 2Sa 22:20; S Mt 3:17; 27:43 in him.”

Yet you brought me out of the womb;Job 10:18; Ps 71:6

you made me trustPs 78:7; Na 1:7 in you, even at my mother’s breast.

10 From birthPs 71:6; Isa 46:3; 49:1 I was cast on you;

from my mother’s womb you have been my God.

11 Do not be far from me,ver 19; S Ps 10:1

for trouble is nearS Ps 10:14

and there is no one to help.S 2Ki 14:26; S Isa 41:28

12 Many bullsPs 68:30 surround me;Ps 17:9; 27:6; 49:5; 109:3; 140:9

strong bulls of BashanDt 32:14; Isa 2:13; Eze 27:6; 39:18; Am 4:1 encircle me.

13 Roaring lionsver 21; Eze 22:25; Zep 3:3 that tear their preyS Ge 49:9

open their mouths wideLa 3:46 against me.

14 I am poured out like water,

and all my bones are out of joint.S Ps 6:2

My heart has turned to wax;Job 23:16; Ps 68:2; 97:5; Mic 1:4

it has meltedJos 7:5; Ps 107:26; Da 5:6 within me.

15 My mouthProbable reading of the original Hebrew text; Masoretic Text strength is dried up like a potsherd,Isa 45:9

and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth;Ps 137:6; La 4:4; Eze 3:26; Jn 19:28

you lay me in the dustS Job 7:21; Ps 104:29 of death.

16 DogsPhp 3:2 surround me,

a pack of villains encircles me;

they pierceDead Sea Scrolls and some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text, Septuagint and Syriac; most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text me, / like a lionIsa 51:9; 53:5; Zec 12:10; Jn 20:25 my hands and my feet.

17 All my bones are on display;

people stareLk 23:35 and gloat over me.Ps 25:2; 30:1; 35:19; 38:16; La 2:17; Mic 7:8

18 They divide my clothes among them

and cast lotsS Lev 16:8; Mt 27:35*; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:34; Jn 19:24* for my garment.Mk 9:12

Psalm 22

For the choir director: A psalm of David, to be sung to the tune “Doe of the Dawn.”

My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?

Why are you so far away when I groan for help?

Every day I call to you, my God, but you do not answer.

Every night I lift my voice, but I find no relief.

Yet you are holy,

enthroned on the praises of Israel.

Our ancestors trusted in you,

and you rescued them.

They cried out to you and were saved.

They trusted in you and were never disgraced.

But I am a worm and not a man.

I am scorned and despised by all!

Everyone who sees me mocks me.

They sneer and shake their heads, saying,

“Is this the one who relies on the Lord?

Then let the Lord save him!

If the Lord loves him so much,

let the Lord rescue him!”

Yet you brought me safely from my mother’s womb

and led me to trust you at my mother’s breast.

10 I was thrust into your arms at my birth.

You have been my God from the moment I was born.

11 Do not stay so far from me,

for trouble is near,

and no one else can help me.

12 My enemies surround me like a herd of bulls;

fierce bulls of Bashan have hemmed me in!

13 Like lions they open their jaws against me,

roaring and tearing into their prey.

14 My life is poured out like water,

and all my bones are out of joint.

My heart is like wax,

melting within me.

15 My strength has dried up like sunbaked clay.

My tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth.

You have laid me in the dust and left me for dead.

16 My enemies surround me like a pack of dogs;

an evil gang closes in on me.

They have piercedAs in some Hebrew manuscripts and Greek and Syriac versions; most Hebrew manuscripts read They are like a lion at. my hands and feet.

17 I can count all my bones.

My enemies stare at me and gloat.

18 They divide my garments among themselves

and throw diceHebrew cast lots. for my clothing.

22 My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?

O my God, I cry in the day time, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.

But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.

Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.

They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.

But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.

All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,

He trusted on the Lord that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.

But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts.

10 I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.

11 Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.

12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.

13 They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.

14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.

15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

17 I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.

18 They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.

Proverbs 20:7

The righteous lead blameless lives;S Ps 26:1

blessed are their children after them.Ps 37:25-26; 112:2

The godly walk with integrity;

blessed are their children who follow them.

The just man walketh in his integrity: his children are blessed after him.

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