Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Purpose can make a huge difference in a person's life. The crew of Paul's ship had given up all hope of being saved (Acts 27:20) after being relentlessly tossed in a mighty storm for two weeks. Still Paul was not moved. He knew he had a purpose to fulfill, for an angel had spoken to him, telling him that he would "surely stand trial before Caesar" (v. 24). Believing that nothing could defeat what God had determined, Paul encouraged everyone around him that all would be well.

When the circumstances of life fail to line up with your expectations, you can feel trapped, and the world becomes a hopeless place. God, however, has a plan for you, and when you find His purpose for your life, adverse circumstances become meaningless. No matter the difficulty, Satan cannot destroy you before you fulfill your purpose.

In Acts 27:28, when all hope seemed gone, suddenly a slight change appeared: the depth of the water lessened. As you cling to your purpose and God's promise, suddenly the battle will begin to turn. It may seem almost imperceptible at first, but nothing will stop God from fulfilling His purposes.

That's exactly what David experienced. After all the years of his trials with Saul, the day finally came when God removed Saul from the scene and "turned his kingdom over to David son of Jesse" (1 Chronicles 10:14).

Keep sailing. God is not finished with you yet!

1 Chronicles 9:1-10:14

All Israel1Ch 11:1, 10; 12:38; 14:8; 15:3, 28; 18:14; 19:17; 21:5; 28:4, 8; 29:21, 23; 2Ch 1:2; 5:3; 7:8; 10:3, 16; 12:1; 13:4, 15; 18:16; 24:5; 28:23; 29:24; 30:1 was listed in the genealogies recorded in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. They were taken captive to BabylonS Dt 21:10 because of their unfaithfulness.S 1Ch 5:25

The People in Jerusalem9:1-17pp — Ne 11:3-19

Now the first to resettle on their own property in their own townsJos 9:27; Ezr 2:70 were some Israelites, priests, Levites and temple servants.Ezr 2:43, 58; 8:20; Ne 7:60

Those from Judah, from Benjamin, and from Ephraim and Manasseh who lived in Jerusalem were:

Uthai son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, a descendant of Perez son of Judah.S Ge 38:29; 46:12

Of the ShelanitesSee Num. 26:20; Hebrew Shilonites.:

Asaiah the firstborn and his sons.

Of the Zerahites:

Jeuel.

The people from Judah numbered 690.

Of the Benjamites:

Sallu son of Meshullam, the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hassenuah;

Ibneiah son of Jeroham; Elah son of Uzzi, the son of Mikri; and Meshullam son of Shephatiah, the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah.

The people from Benjamin, as listed in their genealogy, numbered 956. All these men were heads of their families.

10 Of the priests:

Jedaiah; Jehoiarib; Jakin;

11 Azariah son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the official in charge of the house of God;

12 Adaiah son of Jeroham, the son of Pashhur,Ezr 2:38; 10:22; Ne 10:3; Jer 21:1; 38:1 the son of Malkijah; and Maasai son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Meshillemith, the son of Immer.

13 The priests, who were heads of families, numbered 1,760. They were able men, responsible for ministering in the house of God.

14 Of the Levites:

Shemaiah son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, a Merarite;15 Bakbakkar, Heresh, Galal and Mattaniah2Ch 20:14; Ne 11:22 son of Mika, the son of Zikri, the son of Asaph;16 Obadiah son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun; and Berekiah son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, who lived in the villages of the Netophathites.Ne 12:28

17 The gatekeepers:ver 22; 1Ch 26:1; 2Ch 8:14; 31:14; Ezr 2:42; Ne 7:45

Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman and their fellow Levites, Shallum their chief18 being stationed at the King’s Gate1Ch 26:14; Eze 43:1; 46:1 on the east, up to the present time. These were the gatekeepers belonging to the camp of the Levites.19 ShallumJer 35:4 son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his fellow gatekeepers from his family (the Korahites) were responsible for guarding the thresholds of the tent just as their ancestors had been responsible for guarding the entrance to the dwelling of the Lord.20 In earlier times PhinehasNu 25:7-13 son of Eleazar was the official in charge of the gatekeepers, and the Lord was with him.21 Zechariah1Ch 26:2, 14 son of Meshelemiah was the gatekeeper at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

22 Altogether, those chosen to be gatekeepersS ver 17 at the thresholds numbered 212. They were registered by genealogy in their villages. The gatekeepers had been assigned to their positions of trust by David and Samuel the seer.S 1Sa 9:923 They and their descendants were in charge of guarding the gates of the house of the Lord—the house called the tent of meeting.24 The gatekeepers were on the four sides: east, west, north and south.25 Their fellow Levites in their villages had to come from time to time and share their duties for seven-day2Ki 11:5 periods.26 But the four principal gatekeepers, who were Levites, were entrusted with the responsibility for the rooms and treasuries1Ch 26:22 in the house of God.27 They would spend the night stationed around the house of God,S Nu 3:38 because they had to guard it; and they had charge of the keyIsa 22:22 for opening it each morning.

28 Some of them were in charge of the articles used in the temple service; they counted them when they were brought in and when they were taken out.29 Others were assigned to take care of the furnishings and all the other articles of the sanctuary,S Nu 3:28; 1Ch 23:29 as well as the special flour and wine, and the olive oil, incense and spices.30 But someS Ex 30:23-25 of the priests took care of mixing the spices.31 A Levite named Mattithiah, the firstborn son of Shallum the Korahite, was entrusted with the responsibility for baking the offering bread.32 Some of the Kohathites, their fellow Levites, were in charge of preparing for every Sabbath the bread set out on the table.Lev 24:5-8; 1Ch 23:29; 2Ch 13:11

33 Those who were musicians,S 1Ch 6:31; 25:1-31; S 2Ch 5:12 heads of Levite families, stayed in the rooms of the temple and were exempt from other duties because they were responsible for the work day and night.Ps 134:1

34 All these were heads of Levite families, chiefs as listed in their genealogy, and they lived in Jerusalem.

The Genealogy of Saul9:34-44pp — 1Ch 8:28-38

35 Jeiel1Ch 8:29 the fatherFather may mean civic leader or military leader. of Gibeon lived in Gibeon.

His wife’s name was Maakah,36 and his firstborn son was Abdon, followed by Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab,37 Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah and Mikloth.38 Mikloth was the father of Shimeam. They too lived near their relatives in Jerusalem.

39 NerS 1Ch 8:33 was the father of Kish,S 1Sa 9:1 Kish the father of Saul, and Saul the father of Jonathan,1Sa 13:22 Malki-Shua, Abinadab and Esh-Baal.Also known as Ish-BoshethS 2Sa 2:8

40 The son of Jonathan:

Merib-Baal,Also known as MephiboshethS 2Sa 4:4 who was the father of Micah.

41 The sons of Micah:

Pithon, Melek, Tahrea and Ahaz.Vulgate and Syriac (see also Septuagint and 8:35); Hebrew does not have and Ahaz.

42 Ahaz was the father of Jadah, JadahSome Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint (see also 8:36); most Hebrew manuscripts Jarah, Jarah was the father of Alemeth, Azmaveth and Zimri, and Zimri was the father of Moza.43 Moza was the father of Binea; Rephaiah was his son, Eleasah his son and Azel his son.

44 Azel had six sons, and these were their names:

Azrikam, Bokeru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah and Hanan. These were the sons of Azel.

Saul Takes His Life10:1-12pp — 1Sa 31:1-13; 2Sa 1:4-12

10 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; the Israelites fled before them, and many fell dead on Mount Gilboa.The Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons, and they killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab and Malki-Shua.The fighting grew fierce around Saul, and when the archers overtook him, they wounded him.

Saul said to his armor-bearer, “Draw your sword and run me through, or these uncircumcised fellows will come and abuse me.”

But his armor-bearer was terrified and would not do it; so Saul took his own sword and fell on it.When the armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he too fell on his sword and died.So Saul and his three sons died, and all his house died together.

When all the Israelites in the valley saw that the army had fled and that Saul and his sons had died, they abandoned their towns and fled. And the Philistines came and occupied them.

The next day, when the Philistines came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his sons fallen on Mount Gilboa.They stripped him and took his head and his armor, and sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines to proclaim the news among their idols and their people.10 They put his armor in the temple of their gods and hung up his head in the temple of Dagon.S Jdg 16:23

11 When all the inhabitants of Jabesh GileadS Jdg 21:8 heard what the Philistines had done to Saul,12 all their valiant men went and took the bodies of Saul and his sons and brought them to Jabesh. Then they buried their bones under the great tree in Jabesh, and they fasted seven days.

13 Saul diedS 2Sa 1:1 because he was unfaithfulS 1Ch 5:25 to the Lord; he did not keepS 1Sa 13:13 the word of the Lord and even consulted a mediumS Lev 19:31; S 20:6; Dt 18:9-14 for guidance,14 and did not inquire of the Lord. So the Lord put him to death and turned1Ch 12:23 the kingdomS 1Sa 13:14 over to David son of Jesse.

So all Israel was listed in the genealogical records in The Book of the Kings of Israel.

The Returning Exiles

The people of Judah were exiled to Babylon because they were unfaithful to the Lord.The first of the exiles to return to their property in their former towns were priests, Levites, Temple servants, and other Israelites.Some of the people from the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh came and settled in Jerusalem.

One family that returned was that of Uthai son of Ammihud, son of Omri, son of Imri, son of Bani, a descendant of Perez son of Judah.

Others returned from the Shilonite clan, including Asaiah (the oldest) and his sons.

From the Zerahite clan, Jeuel returned with his relatives.

In all, 690 families from the tribe of Judah returned.

From the tribe of Benjamin came Sallu son of Meshullam, son of Hodaviah, son of Hassenuah;Ibneiah son of Jeroham; Elah son of Uzzi, son of Micri; and Meshullam son of Shephatiah, son of Reuel, son of Ibnijah.

These men were all leaders of clans, and they were listed in their genealogical records. In all, 956 families from the tribe of Benjamin returned.

The Returning Priests

10 Among the priests who returned were Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, Jakin,11 Azariah son of Hilkiah, son of Meshullam, son of Zadok, son of Meraioth, son of Ahitub. Azariah was the chief officer of the house of God.

12 Other returning priests were Adaiah son of Jeroham, son of Pashhur, son of Malkijah, and Maasai son of Adiel, son of Jahzerah, son of Meshullam, son of Meshillemith, son of Immer.

13 In all, 1,760 priests returned. They were heads of clans and very able men. They were responsible for ministering at the house of God.

The Returning Levites

14 The Levites who returned were Shemaiah son of Hasshub, son of Azrikam, son of Hashabiah, a descendant of Merari;15 Bakbakkar; Heresh; Galal; Mattaniah son of Mica, son of Zicri, son of Asaph;16 Obadiah son of Shemaiah, son of Galal, son of Jeduthun; and Berekiah son of Asa, son of Elkanah, who lived in the area of Netophah.

17 The gatekeepers who returned were Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman, and their relatives. Shallum was the chief gatekeeper.18 Prior to this time, they were responsible for the King’s Gate on the east side. These men served as gatekeepers for the camps of the Levites.19 Shallum was the son of Kore, a descendant of Abiasaph,Hebrew Ebiasaph, a variant spelling of Abiasaph; compare Exod 6:24. from the clan of Korah. He and his relatives, the Korahites, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the sanctuary, just as their ancestors had guarded the Tabernacle in the camp of the Lord.

20 Phinehas son of Eleazar had been in charge of the gatekeepers in earlier times, and the Lord had been with him.21 And later Zechariah son of Meshelemiah was responsible for guarding the entrance to the Tabernacle.Hebrew Tent of Meeting.

22 In all, there were 212 gatekeepers in those days, and they were listed according to the genealogies in their villages. David and Samuel the seer had appointed their ancestors because they were reliable men.23 These gatekeepers and their descendants, by their divisions, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the house of the Lord when that house was a tent.24 The gatekeepers were stationed on all four sides—east, west, north, and south.25 Their relatives in the villages came regularly to share their duties for seven-day periods.

26 The four chief gatekeepers, all Levites, were trusted officials, for they were responsible for the rooms and treasuries at the house of God.27 They would spend the night around the house of God, since it was their duty to guard it and to open the gates every morning.

28 Some of the gatekeepers were assigned to care for the various articles used in worship. They checked them in and out to avoid any loss.29 Others were responsible for the furnishings, the items in the sanctuary, and the supplies, such as choice flour, wine, olive oil, frankincense, and spices.30 But it was the priests who blended the spices.31 Mattithiah, a Levite and the oldest son of Shallum the Korahite, was entrusted with baking the bread used in the offerings.32 And some members of the clan of Kohath were in charge of preparing the bread to be set on the table each Sabbath day.

33 The musicians, all prominent Levites, lived at the Temple. They were exempt from other responsibilities since they were on duty at all hours.34 All these men lived in Jerusalem. They were the heads of Levite families and were listed as prominent leaders in their genealogical records.

King Saul’s Family Tree

35 Jeiel (the father ofOr the founder of. Gibeon) lived in the town of Gibeon. His wife’s name was Maacah,36 and his oldest son was named Abdon. Jeiel’s other sons were Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab,37 Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, and Mikloth.38 Mikloth was the father of Shimeam. All these families lived near each other in Jerusalem.

39 Ner was the father of Kish.

Kish was the father of Saul.

Saul was the father of Jonathan, Malkishua, Abinadab, and Esh-baal.

40 Jonathan was the father of Merib-baal.

Merib-baal was the father of Micah.

41 The sons of Micah were Pithon, Melech, Tahrea, and Ahaz.As in Syriac version and Latin Vulgate (see also 8:35); Hebrew lacks and Ahaz.

42 Ahaz was the father of Jadah.As in some Hebrew manuscripts and Greek version (see also 8:36); Hebrew reads Jarah.

Jadah was the father of Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri.

Zimri was the father of Moza.

43 Moza was the father of Binea.

Binea’s son was Rephaiah.

Rephaiah’s son was Eleasah.

Eleasah’s son was Azel.

44 Azel had six sons, whose names were Azrikam, Bokeru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. These were the sons of Azel.

The Death of King Saul

10 Now the Philistines attacked Israel, and the men of Israel fled before them. Many were slaughtered on the slopes of Mount Gilboa.The Philistines closed in on Saul and his sons, and they killed three of his sons—Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malkishua.The fighting grew very fierce around Saul, and the Philistine archers caught up with him and wounded him.

Saul groaned to his armor bearer, “Take your sword and kill me before these pagan Philistines come to taunt and torture me.”

But his armor bearer was afraid and would not do it. So Saul took his own sword and fell on it.When his armor bearer realized that Saul was dead, he fell on his own sword and died.So Saul and his three sons died there together, bringing his dynasty to an end.

When all the Israelites in the Jezreel Valley saw that their army had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned their towns and fled. So the Philistines moved in and occupied their towns.

The next day, when the Philistines went out to strip the dead, they found the bodies of Saul and his sons on Mount Gilboa.So they stripped off Saul’s armor and cut off his head. Then they proclaimed the good news of Saul’s death before their idols and to the people throughout the land of Philistia.10 They placed his armor in the temple of their gods, and they fastened his head to the temple of Dagon.

11 But when everyone in Jabesh-gilead heard about everything the Philistines had done to Saul,12 all their mighty warriors brought the bodies of Saul and his sons back to Jabesh. Then they buried their bones beneath the great tree at Jabesh, and they fasted for seven days.

13 So Saul died because he was unfaithful to the Lord. He failed to obey the Lord’s command, and he even consulted a medium14 instead of asking the Lord for guidance. So the Lord killed him and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.

Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.

And in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim, and Manasseh;

Uthai the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of Pharez the son of Judah.

And of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons.

And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety.

And of the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hasenuah,

And Ibneiah the son of Jeroham, and Elah the son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, and Meshullam the son of Shephathiah, the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah;

And their brethren, according to their generations, nine hundred and fifty and six. All these men were chief of the fathers in the house of their fathers.

10 And of the priests; Jedaiah, and Jehoiarib, and Jachin,

11 And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God;

12 And Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchijah, and Maasiai the son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Meshillemith, the son of Immer;

13 And their brethren, heads of the house of their fathers, a thousand and seven hundred and threescore; very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.

14 And of the Levites; Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, of the sons of Merari;

15 And Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal, and Mattaniah the son of Micah, the son of Zichri, the son of Asaph;

16 And Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages of the Netophathites.

17 And the porters were, Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brethren: Shallum was the chief;

18 Who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were porters in the companies of the children of Levi.

19 And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers, being over the host of the Lord, were keepers of the entry.

20 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar was the ruler over them in time past, and the Lord was with him.

21 And Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was porter of the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

22 All these which were chosen to be porters in the gates were two hundred and twelve. These were reckoned by their genealogy in their villages, whom David and Samuel the seer did ordain in their set office.

23 So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the house of the Lord, namely, the house of the tabernacle, by wards.

24 In four quarters were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south.

25 And their brethren, which were in their villages, were to come after seven days from time to time with them.

26 For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in their set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God.

27 And they lodged round about the house of God, because the charge was upon them, and the opening thereof every morning pertained to them.

28 And certain of them had the charge of the ministering vessels, that they should bring them in and out by tale.

29 Some of them also were appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices.

30 And some of the sons of the priests made the ointment of the spices.

31 And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the set office over the things that were made in the pans.

32 And other of their brethren, of the sons of the Kohathites, were over the shewbread, to prepare it every sabbath.

33 And these are the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, who remaining in the chambers were free: for they were employed in that work day and night.

34 These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations; these dwelt at Jerusalem.

35 And in Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jehiel, whose wife's name was Maachah:

36 And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Ner, and Nadab.

37 And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zechariah, and Mikloth.

38 And Mikloth begat Shimeam. And they also dwelt with their brethren at Jerusalem, over against their brethren.

39 And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.

40 And the son of Jonathan was Meribbaal: and Meribbaal begat Micah.

41 And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tahrea, and Ahaz.

42 And Ahaz begat Jarah; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza;

43 And Moza begat Binea; and Rephaiah his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son.

44 And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan: these were the sons of Azel.

10 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.

And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and after his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, the sons of Saul.

And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was wounded of the archers.

Then said Saul to his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.

And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise on the sword, and died.

So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together.

And when all the men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa.

And when they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people.

10 And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon.

11 And when all Jabeshgilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul,

12 They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

13 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the Lord, even against the word of the Lord, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it;

14 And enquired not of the Lord: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

Acts 27:21-44

21 After they had gone a long time without food, Paul stood up before them and said: “Men, you should have taken my advicever 10 not to sail from Crete;S ver 7 then you would have spared yourselves this damage and loss.22 But now I urge you to keep up your courage,ver 25, 36 because not one of you will be lost; only the ship will be destroyed.23 Last night an angelS Ac 5:19 of the God to whom I belong and whom I serveRo 1:9 stood beside meAc 18:9; 23:11; 2Ti 4:1724 and said, ‘Do not be afraid, Paul. You must stand trial before Caesar;Ac 23:11 and God has graciously given you the lives of all who sail with you.’ver 4425 So keep up your courage,ver 22, 36 men, for I have faith in God that it will happen just as he told me.Ro 4:20, 2126 Nevertheless, we must run agroundver 17, 39 on some island.”Ac 28:1

The Shipwreck

27 On the fourteenth night we were still being driven across the AdriaticIn ancient times the name referred to an area extending well south of Italy. Sea, when about midnight the sailors sensed they were approaching land.28 They took soundings and found that the water was a hundred and twenty feetOr about 37 meters deep. A short time later they took soundings again and found it was ninety feetOr about 27 meters deep.29 Fearing that we would be dashed against the rocks, they dropped four anchors from the stern and prayed for daylight.30 In an attempt to escape from the ship, the sailors let the lifeboatver 16 down into the sea, pretending they were going to lower some anchors from the bow.31 Then Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay with the ship, you cannot be saved.”ver 2432 So the soldiers cut the ropes that held the lifeboat and let it drift away.

33 Just before dawn Paul urged them all to eat. “For the last fourteen days,” he said, “you have been in constant suspense and have gone without food—you haven’t eaten anything.34 Now I urge you to take some food. You need it to survive. Not one of you will lose a single hair from his head.”S Mt 10:3035 After he said this, he took some bread and gave thanks to God in front of them all. Then he broke itS Mt 14:19 and began to eat.36 They were all encouragedver 22, 25 and ate some food themselves.37 Altogether there were 276 of us on board.38 When they had eaten as much as they wanted, they lightened the ship by throwing the grain into the sea.ver 18; Jnh 1:5

39 When daylight came, they did not recognize the land, but they saw a bay with a sandy beach,Ac 28:1 where they decided to run the ship aground if they could.40 Cutting loose the anchors,ver 29 they left them in the sea and at the same time untied the ropes that held the rudders. Then they hoisted the foresail to the wind and made for the beach.41 But the ship struck a sandbar and ran aground. The bow stuck fast and would not move, and the stern was broken to pieces by the pounding of the surf.2Co 11:25

42 The soldiers planned to kill the prisoners to prevent any of them from swimming away and escaping.43 But the centurion wanted to spare Paul’s lifever 3 and kept them from carrying out their plan. He ordered those who could swim to jump overboard first and get to land.44 The rest were to get there on planks or on other pieces of the ship. In this way everyone reached land safely.ver 22, 31

21 No one had eaten for a long time. Finally, Paul called the crew together and said, “Men, you should have listened to me in the first place and not left Crete. You would have avoided all this damage and loss.22 But take courage! None of you will lose your lives, even though the ship will go down.23 For last night an angel of the God to whom I belong and whom I serve stood beside me,24 and he said, ‘Don’t be afraid, Paul, for you will surely stand trial before Caesar! What’s more, God in his goodness has granted safety to everyone sailing with you.’25 So take courage! For I believe God. It will be just as he said.26 But we will be shipwrecked on an island.”

The Shipwreck

27 About midnight on the fourteenth night of the storm, as we were being driven across the Sea of Adria,The Sea of Adria includes the central portion of the Mediterranean. the sailors sensed land was near.28 They dropped a weighted line and found that the water was 120 feet deep. But a little later they measured again and found it was only 90 feet deep.Greek 20 fathoms . . . 15 fathoms [37 meters . . . 27 meters].29 At this rate they were afraid we would soon be driven against the rocks along the shore, so they threw out four anchors from the back of the ship and prayed for daylight.

30 Then the sailors tried to abandon the ship; they lowered the lifeboat as though they were going to put out anchors from the front of the ship.31 But Paul said to the commanding officer and the soldiers, “You will all die unless the sailors stay aboard.”32 So the soldiers cut the ropes to the lifeboat and let it drift away.

33 Just as day was dawning, Paul urged everyone to eat. “You have been so worried that you haven’t touched food for two weeks,” he said.34 “Please eat something now for your own good. For not a hair of your heads will perish.”35 Then he took some bread, gave thanks to God before them all, and broke off a piece and ate it.36 Then everyone was encouraged and began to eat—37 all 276 of us who were on board.38 After eating, the crew lightened the ship further by throwing the cargo of wheat overboard.

39 When morning dawned, they didn’t recognize the coastline, but they saw a bay with a beach and wondered if they could get to shore by running the ship aground.40 So they cut off the anchors and left them in the sea. Then they lowered the rudders, raised the foresail, and headed toward shore.41 But they hit a shoal and ran the ship aground too soon. The bow of the ship stuck fast, while the stern was repeatedly smashed by the force of the waves and began to break apart.

42 The soldiers wanted to kill the prisoners to make sure they didn’t swim ashore and escape.43 But the commanding officer wanted to spare Paul, so he didn’t let them carry out their plan. Then he ordered all who could swim to jump overboard first and make for land.44 The others held on to planks or debris from the broken ship.Or or were helped by members of the ship’s crew. So everyone escaped safely to shore.

21 But after long abstinence Paul stood forth in the midst of them, and said, Sirs, ye should have hearkened unto me, and not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss.

22 And now I exhort you to be of good cheer: for there shall be no loss of any man's life among you, but of the ship.

23 For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,

24 Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all them that sail with thee.

25 Wherefore, sirs, be of good cheer: for I believe God, that it shall be even as it was told me.

26 Howbeit we must be cast upon a certain island.

27 But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down in Adria, about midnight the shipmen deemed that they drew near to some country;

28 And sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms.

29 Then fearing lest we should have fallen upon rocks, they cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day.

30 And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship,

31 Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.

32 Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and let her fall off.

33 And while the day was coming on, Paul besought them all to take meat, saying, This day is the fourteenth day that ye have tarried and continued fasting, having taken nothing.

34 Wherefore I pray you to take some meat: for this is for your health: for there shall not an hair fall from the head of any of you.

35 And when he had thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God in presence of them all: and when he had broken it, he began to eat.

36 Then were they all of good cheer, and they also took some meat.

37 And we were in all in the ship two hundred threescore and sixteen souls.

38 And when they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship, and cast out the wheat into the sea.

39 And when it was day, they knew not the land: but they discovered a certain creek with a shore, into the which they were minded, if it were possible, to thrust in the ship.

40 And when they had taken up the anchors, they committed themselves unto the sea, and loosed the rudder bands, and hoised up the mainsail to the wind, and made toward shore.

41 And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.

42 And the soldiers' counsel was to kill the prisoners, lest any of them should swim out, and escape.

43 But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from their purpose; and commanded that they which could swim should cast themselves first into the sea, and get to land:

44 And the rest, some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they escaped all safe to land.

Psalm 8:1-9

Psalm 8In Hebrew texts 8:1-9 is numbered 8:2-10.

For the director of music. According to gittith.Title: Probably a musical term A psalm of David.

Lord, our Lord,

how majestic is your nameS 1Ch 16:10 in all the earth!

You have set your gloryS Ex 15:11; Lk 2:9

in the heavens.Ps 57:5; 108:5; 113:4; 148:13; Hab 3:3

Through the praise of children and infants

you have established a strongholdMt 21:16* against your enemies,

to silence the foePs 143:12 and the avenger.

When I consider your heavens,S Ge 15:5; S Dt 10:14

the work of your fingers,S Ex 8:19; S 1Ch 16:26; S 2Ch 2:12; Ps 102:25

the moon and the stars,S Ge 1:16; 1Co 15:41

which you have set in place,

what is mankind that you are mindful of them,

human beings that you care for them?Or what is a human being that you are mindful of him, / a son of man that you care for him?S 1Ch 29:14

You have made themOr him a little lower than the angelsOr than GodS Ge 1:26

and crowned themOr him with glory and honor.Ps 21:5; 103:4

You made them rulersS Ge 1:28 over the works of your hands;S Job 10:3; Ps 19:1; 102:25; 145:10; Isa 26:12; 29:23; 45:11; Heb 1:10

you put everything under theirOr made him ruler . . . ; / . . . his feet:S 1Ki 5:3; 1Co 15:25, 27*; Eph 1:22; Heb 2:6-8*

all flocks and herds,Ge 13:5; 26:14

and the animals of the wild,S Ge 2:19

the birds in the sky,

and the fish in the sea,Ge 1:26

all that swim the paths of the seas.

Lord, our Lord,

how majestic is your name in all the earth!ver 1

Psalm 8

For the choir director: A psalm of David, to be accompanied by a stringed instrument.Hebrew according to the gittith.

O Lord, our Lord, your majestic name fills the earth!

Your glory is higher than the heavens.

You have taught children and infants

to tell of your strength,Greek version reads to give you praise. Compare Matt 21:16.

silencing your enemies

and all who oppose you.

When I look at the night sky and see the work of your fingers—

the moon and the stars you set in place—

what are mere mortals that you should think about them,

human beings that you should care for them?Hebrew what is man that you should think of him, / the son of man that you should care for him?

Yet you made them only a little lower than GodOr Yet you made them only a little lower than the angels; Hebrew reads Yet you made him [i.e., man] a little lower than Elohim.

and crowned themHebrew him [i.e., man]; similarly in 8:6. with glory and honor.

You gave them charge of everything you made,

putting all things under their authority—

the flocks and the herds

and all the wild animals,

the birds in the sky, the fish in the sea,

and everything that swims the ocean currents.

O Lord, our Lord, your majestic name fills the earth!

O Lord, our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.

Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger.

When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.

Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet:

All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field;

The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas.

O Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!

Proverbs 18:23-24

23 The poor plead for mercy,

but the rich answer harshly.

24 One who has unreliable friends soon comes to ruin,

but there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.S 1Sa 20:42; Jn 15:13-15

23 The poor plead for mercy;

the rich answer with insults.

24 There are “friends” who destroy each other,

but a real friend sticks closer than a brother.

23 The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

24 A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.

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