Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

God knew that people would battle two major enemies: pride and selfishness. He dealt with humanity's pride at Babel (Genesis 11:1-9), and in Genesis 14 He dealt with humanity's selfishness.

Abraham was the first man recorded in the Scriptures to tithe, although Abel did offer the Lord "choice lambs from the best of his flock" (Genesis 4:4). Abraham's worship of God with ten percent of his revenue showed that he acknowledged his financial responsibility before God and knew that God, in turn, would take care of his needs. By refusing the king of Sodom's reward (Genesis 14:21-23), Abraham rejected the world's system. God became his reward (his salary, wages, and compensation), and God, in turn, recompensed Abraham with something that money could not buy: a child!

Tithing was a sign of Abraham's covenant with God. God reciprocated and pledged all His assets to Abraham, even unto the fourth generation (Genesis 15:14-16). Abraham further exemplified an unselfish spirit when he gave Lot the first choice of where to live. The final result was that Abraham profited much more than Lot because he obeyed the principle of unselfish sacrifice for others (Genesis 13).

Want to be blessed? Be a tither!

Genesis 13:5-15:21

Now Lot,S Ge 11:27 who was moving about with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents.But the land could not support them while they stayed together, for their possessions were so great that they were not able to stay together.S Ge 12:5; 33:9; 36:7And quarrelingGe 26:20, 21; Nu 20:3 arose between Abram’s herders and Lot’s. The CanaanitesS Ge 10:18 and PerizzitesGe 15:20; 34:30; Ex 3:8; Jdg 1:4 were also living in the landGe 12:6; 34:30 at that time.

So Abram said to Lot,S Ge 11:27 “Let’s not have any quarreling between you and me,Pr 15:18; 20:3 or between your herders and mine, for we are close relatives.Ge 19:9; Ex 2:14; Nu 16:13; Ps 133:1Is not the whole land before you? Let’s part company. If you go to the left, I’ll go to the right; if you go to the right, I’ll go to the left.”Ge 20:15; 34:10; 47:6; Jer 40:4

10 Lot looked around and saw that the whole plain1Ki 7:46; 2Ch 4:17 of the Jordan toward ZoarGe 14:2; 19:22, 30; Nu 13:29; 33:48; Dt 34:3; Isa 15:5; Jer 48:34 was well watered, like the garden of the Lord,Ge 2:8-10; Isa 51:3; Eze 31:8-9 like the land of Egypt.Ge 46:7 (This was before the Lord destroyed SodomDt 29:23; Job 39:6; Ps 107:34; Jer 4:26 and Gomorrah.)Ge 14:8; 19:17-2911 So Lot chose for himself the whole plain of the Jordan and set out toward the east. The two men parted company:12 Abram lived in the land of Canaan,S Ge 10:19 while LotS Ge 11:27 lived among the cities of the plainS ver 10; Ge 19:17, 25, 29 and pitched his tents near Sodom.Ge 14:1213 Now the people of SodomGe 19:4; Isa 1:10; 3:9 were wicked and were sinning greatly against the Lord.Ge 18:20; 19:5; 20:6; 39:9; Nu 32:23; 1Sa 12:23; 2Sa 12:13; Ps 51:4; Eze 16:49-50; 2Pe 2:8

14 The Lord said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, “Look around from where you are, to the north and south, to the east and west.Ge 28:14; 32:12; 48:16; Dt 3:27; 13:17; Isa 54:315 All the land that you see I will give to you and your offspringOr seed; also in verse 16 forever.S Ge 12:7; Gal 3:16*16 I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count the dust, then your offspring could be counted.S Ge 12:2; 16:10; 17:20; 21:13, 18; 25:16; Nu 23:1017 Go, walk through the length and breadth of the land,ver 15; Nu 13:17-25 for I am giving it to you.”S Ge 12:7; 15:7

18 So Abram went to live near the great trees of MamreGe 14:13, 24; 18:1; 23:17, 19; 25:9; 49:30; 50:13 at Hebron,Ge 23:2; 35:27; 37:14; Nu 13:22; Jos 10:3, 36; Jdg 1:10; 1Sa 30:31; 2Sa 2:1, 3, 11; 1Ch 11:1 where he pitched his tents. There he built an altar to the Lord.S Ge 8:20

Abram Rescues Lot

14 At the time when Amraphel was king of Shinar,That is, Babylonia; also in verse 9S Ge 10:10 Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomerver 4, 9, 17 king of ElamS Ge 10:22 and Tidal king of Goyim,these kings went to war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboyim,S Ge 10:19 and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).S Ge 13:10All these latter kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddimver 8, 10 (that is, the Dead Sea ValleyNu 34:3, 12; Dt 3:17; Jos 3:16; 12:3; 15:2, 5; 18:19).For twelve years they had been subject to Kedorlaomer,S ver 1 but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

In the fourteenth year, KedorlaomerS ver 1 and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the RephaitesGe 15:20; Dt 2:11, 20; 3:11, 13; Jos 12:4; 13:12; 17:15; 1Ch 20:4 in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the EmitesDt 2:10 in Shaveh Kiriathaimand the HoritesGe 36:20; Dt 2:12, 22 in the hill country of Seir,Ge 32:3; 33:14, 16; 36:8; Dt 1:2; 2:1, 5, 22; Jos 11:17; 24:4; 1Ch 4:42; Isa 34:5; Eze 25:8; 35:2; Am 1:6 as far as El ParanGe 21:21; Nu 10:12; 12:16; 13:3, 26; Hab 3:3 near the desert.Then they turned back and went to En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh),Ge 16:14; 20:1; Nu 13:26; 20:1; 32:8; Dt 1:2; Jos 10:41; Jdg 11:16; Ps 29:8 and they conquered the whole territory of the Amalekites,Ex 17:8; Nu 13:29; 14:25; 24:20; Dt 25:17; Jdg 3:13; 6:3; 10:12; 12:15; 1Sa 14:48; 15:2; 28:18; 2Sa 1:1; 1Ch 4:43; Ps 83:7 as well as the AmoritesNu 13:29; Dt 1:4; Jos 2:10; 13:4 who were living in Hazezon Tamar.2Ch 20:2; Eze 48:28

Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah,S Ge 13:10 the king of Admah, the king of ZeboyimDt 29:23; Hos 11:8 and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar)S Ge 13:10 marched out and drew up their battle lines in the Valley of SiddimS ver 3against KedorlaomerS ver 1 king of Elam,S Ge 10:22 Tidal king of Goyim, Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five.10 Now the Valley of SiddimS ver 3 was full of tarGe 11:3 pits, and when the kings of Sodom and Gomorrahver 17, 21 fled, some of the men fell into them and the rest fled to the hills.Ge 19:17, 30; Jos 2:16; Ps 11:111 The four kings seized all the goodsver 16, 21 of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food; then they went away.12 They also carried off Abram’s nephew LotS Ge 11:27 and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom.

13 A man who had escaped came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew.Ge 37:28; 39:14, 17; 40:15; 41:12; 43:32; Ex 3:18; 1Sa 4:6; 14:11 Now Abram was living near the great trees of Mamrever 24; S Ge 13:18 the Amorite, a brotherOr a relative; or an ally of EshkolNu 13:23; 32:9; Dt 1:24 and Aner, all of whom were allied with Abram.14 When Abram heard that his relativever 12 had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trainedDt 4:9; Pr 22:6 men born in his householdS Ge 12:5 and went in pursuit as far as Dan.Dt 34:1; Jdg 18:29; 1Ki 15:2015 During the night Abram divided his menJdg 7:16 to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus.Ge 15:2; 2Sa 8:5; 1Ki 20:34; 2Ki 16:9; Isa 7:8; 8:4; 10:9; 17:1; Jer 49:23, 27; Eze 27:18; Am 1:3-516 He recovered1Sa 30:8, 18 all the goodsS ver 11 and brought back his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the other people.

17 After Abram returned from defeating KedorlaomerS ver 1 and the kings allied with him, the king of SodomS ver 10 came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).2Sa 18:18

18 Then MelchizedekPs 110:4; Heb 5:6; 7:17, 21 king of SalemPs 76:2; Heb 7:2 brought out breadS Ge 3:19 and wine.Jdg 9:13; 19:19; Est 1:10; Ps 104:15; Pr 31:6; Ecc 10:19; SS 1:2 He was priest of God Most High,ver 22; Ps 7:8, 17; Da 7:2719 and he blessed Abram,Heb 7:6 saying,

“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,ver 18

Creator of heaven and earth.ver 22; S Ge 1:1; 24:3; Jos 2:11; Ps 148:5; Mt 11:25

20 And praise be to God Most High,S Ge 9:26; S 24:27

who delivered your enemies into your hand.”

Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.Ge 28:22; Dt 14:22; 26:12; Lk 18:12; Heb 7:4

21 The king of SodomS ver 10 said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goodsS ver 11 for yourself.”

22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom,S ver 10 “With raised handEx 6:8; Nu 14:30; Dt 32:40; Ne 9:15; Eze 20:5; Da 12:7; Rev 10:5-6 I have sworn an oath to the Lord, God Most High,S ver 18 Creator of heaven and earth,S ver 1923 that I will accept nothing belonging to you,1Sa 15:3, 19; 2Ki 5:16; Est 8:11; 9:10, 15 not even a thread or the strap of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’24 I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men who went with me—to Aner, Eshkol and Mamre.S Ge 13:18 Let them have their share.”

The Lord’s Covenant With Abram

15 After this, the word of the Lord came to Abram1Sa 15:10; 2Sa 7:4; 1Ki 6:11; 12:22; Jer 1:13; Eze 3:16; Da 10:1 in a vision:Ge 46:2; Nu 12:6; 24:4; Ru 1:20; Job 33:15

“Do not be afraid,Ge 21:17; 26:24; 46:3; Ex 14:13; 20:20; 2Ki 6:16; 2Ch 20:15, 17; Ps 27:1; Isa 7:4; 41:10, 13-14; 43:1, 5; Jer 1:8; Hag 2:5 Abram.

I am your shield,Or sovereignDt 33:29; 2Sa 22:3, 31; Ps 3:3; 5:12; 18:2; 28:7; 33:20; 84:11; 119:114; 144:2; Pr 2:7; 30:5

your very great reward.Or shield; / your reward will be very greatPs 18:20; 37:25; 58:11; Isa 3:10

But Abram said, “Sovereign Lord,ver 8; Isa 49:22; Jer 44:26; Eze 5:11; 16:48 what can you give me since I remain childlessAc 7:5 and the one who will inheritThe meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain. my estate is Eliezer of Damascus?S Ge 14:15And Abram said, “You have given me no children; so a servantGe 24:2, 34 in my householdS Ge 12:5 will be my heir.”

Then the word of the Lord came to him: “This man will not be your heir, but a son who is your own flesh and blood will be your heir.Gal 4:28He took him outside and said, “Look up at the sky and count the starsJob 11:8; 35:5; Ps 8:3; 147:4; Jer 33:22—if indeed you can count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspringOr seed be.”S Ge 12:2; S Jer 30:19; Ro 4:18*; Heb 11:12

Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness.Ps 106:31; Ro 4:3*, 20-24*; Gal 3:6*; Jas 2:23*

He also said to him, “I am the Lord, who brought you outGe 12:1; Ex 20:2; Ac 7:3; Heb 11:8 of Ur of the ChaldeansS Ge 11:28; Ac 7:4 to give you this land to take possession of it.”S Ge 13:17; 17:8; 28:4; 35:12; 48:4; Ex 6:8; Dt 9:5

But Abram said, “Sovereign Lord,S ver 2 how can I knowLk 1:18 that I will gain possession of it?”Dt 12:20; 19:8

So the Lord said to him, “Bring me a heifer,Nu 19:2; Dt 21:3; Hos 4:16; Am 4:1 a goat and a ram, each three years old,1Sa 1:24 along with a dove and a young pigeon.Lev 1:14; 5:7, 11; 12:8

10 Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves opposite each other;ver 17; Jer 34:18 the birds, however, he did not cut in half.Lev 1:17; 5:811 Then birds of prey came down on the carcasses,Dt 28:26; Jer 7:33 but Abram drove them away.

12 As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep,S Ge 2:21 and a thick and dreadful darkness came over him.13 Then the Lord said to him, “Know for certain that for four hundred yearsver 16; Ex 12:40; Nu 20:15; Ac 7:6, 17; Gal 3:17 your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslavedEx 1:11; 3:7; 5:6, 10-14, 18; 6:5; Dt 5:15; Job 3:18 and mistreated there.14 But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves, and afterward they will come outGe 50:24; Ex 3:8; 6:6-8; 12:25; Nu 10:29; Jos 1:2; Ac 7:7* with great possessions.Ex 12:32-3815 You, however, will go to your ancestorsGe 47:30; 49:29; Dt 31:16; 2Sa 7:12; 1Ki 1:21; Ps 49:19 in peace and be buried at a good old age.Ge 25:8; 35:29; Ex 23:26; Dt 34:7; Jos 14:11; Jdg 8:32; 1Ch 29:28; Job 5:26; 21:23; 42:17; Ps 91:16; Pr 3:16; 9:11; Isa 65:2016 In the fourth generationS ver 13; Ex 12:40 your descendants will come back here,Ge 28:15; 46:4; 48:21; 50:24; Ex 3:8, 17 for the sin of the AmoritesLev 18:28; Jos 13:4; Jdg 10:11; 1Ki 21:26; 2Ki 16:3; 21:11; Eze 16:3 has not yet reached its full measure.”

17 When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torchJdg 7:16, 20; 15:4, 5 appeared and passed between the pieces.S ver 1018 On that day the Lord made a covenant with AbramGe 17:2, 4, 7; Ex 6:4; 34:10, 27; 1Ch 16:16; Ps 105:9 and said, “To your descendants I give this land,S Ge 12:7 from the WadiOr river of EgyptNu 34:5; Jos 15:4, 47; 1Ki 8:65; 2Ki 24:7; 2Ch 7:8; Isa 27:12; Jer 37:5; 46:2; La 4:17; Eze 30:22; 47:19 to the great river, the EuphratesS Ge 2:1419 the land of the Kenites,Nu 24:21; Jdg 1:16; 4:11, 17; 5:24; 1Sa 15:6; 27:10; 30:29; 1Ch 2:55 Kenizzites, Kadmonites,20 Hittites,S Ge 10:15; S Dt 7:1 Perizzites,S Ge 13:7 Rephaites,S Ge 14:521 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.”S Ge 10:16; Jos 3:10; 24:11; Ne 9:8

Lot, who was traveling with Abram, had also become very wealthy with flocks of sheep and goats, herds of cattle, and many tents.But the land could not support both Abram and Lot with all their flocks and herds living so close together.So disputes broke out between the herdsmen of Abram and Lot. (At that time Canaanites and Perizzites were also living in the land.)

Finally Abram said to Lot, “Let’s not allow this conflict to come between us or our herdsmen. After all, we are close relatives!The whole countryside is open to you. Take your choice of any section of the land you want, and we will separate. If you want the land to the left, then I’ll take the land on the right. If you prefer the land on the right, then I’ll go to the left.”

10 Lot took a long look at the fertile plains of the Jordan Valley in the direction of Zoar. The whole area was well watered everywhere, like the garden of the Lord or the beautiful land of Egypt. (This was before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.)11 Lot chose for himself the whole Jordan Valley to the east of them. He went there with his flocks and servants and parted company with his uncle Abram.12 So Abram settled in the land of Canaan, and Lot moved his tents to a place near Sodom and settled among the cities of the plain.13 But the people of this area were extremely wicked and constantly sinned against the Lord.

14 After Lot had gone, the Lord said to Abram, “Look as far as you can see in every direction—north and south, east and west.15 I am giving all this land, as far as you can see, to you and your descendantsHebrew seed; also in 13:16. as a permanent possession.16 And I will give you so many descendants that, like the dust of the earth, they cannot be counted!17 Go and walk through the land in every direction, for I am giving it to you.”

18 So Abram moved his camp to Hebron and settled near the oak grove belonging to Mamre. There he built another altar to the Lord.

Abram Rescues Lot

14 About this time war broke out in the region. King Amraphel of Babylonia,Hebrew Shinar; also in 14:9. King Arioch of Ellasar, King Kedorlaomer of Elam, and King Tidal of Goiimfought against King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (also called Zoar).

This second group of kings joined forces in Siddim Valley (that is, the valley of the Dead SeaHebrew Salt Sea.).For twelve years they had been subject to King Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled against him.

One year later Kedorlaomer and his allies arrived and defeated the Rephaites at Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzites at Ham, the Emites at Shaveh-kiriathaim,and the Horites at Mount Seir, as far as El-paran at the edge of the wilderness.Then they turned back and came to En-mishpat (now called Kadesh) and conquered all the territory of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites living in Hazazon-tamar.

Then the rebel kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela (also called Zoar) prepared for battle in the valley of the Dead Sea.Hebrew Siddim Valley (see 14:3); also in 14:10.They fought against King Kedorlaomer of Elam, King Tidal of Goiim, King Amraphel of Babylonia, and King Arioch of Ellasar—four kings against five.10 As it happened, the valley of the Dead Sea was filled with tar pits. And as the army of the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some fell into the tar pits, while the rest escaped into the mountains.11 The victorious invaders then plundered Sodom and Gomorrah and headed for home, taking with them all the spoils of war and the food supplies.12 They also captured Lot—Abram’s nephew who lived in Sodom—and carried off everything he owned.

13 But one of Lot’s men escaped and reported everything to Abram the Hebrew, who was living near the oak grove belonging to Mamre the Amorite. Mamre and his relatives, Eshcol and Aner, were Abram’s allies.

14 When Abram heard that his nephew Lot had been captured, he mobilized the 318 trained men who had been born into his household. Then he pursued Kedorlaomer’s army until he caught up with them at Dan.15 There he divided his men and attacked during the night. Kedorlaomer’s army fled, but Abram chased them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus.16 Abram recovered all the goods that had been taken, and he brought back his nephew Lot with his possessions and all the women and other captives.

Melchizedek Blesses Abram

17 After Abram returned from his victory over Kedorlaomer and all his allies, the king of Sodom went out to meet him in the valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).

18 And Melchizedek, the king of Salem and a priest of God Most High,Hebrew El-Elyon; also in 14:19, 20, 22. brought Abram some bread and wine.19 Melchizedek blessed Abram with this blessing:

“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,

Creator of heaven and earth.

20 And blessed be God Most High,

who has defeated your enemies for you.”

Then Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of all the goods he had recovered.

21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give back my people who were captured. But you may keep for yourself all the goods you have recovered.”

22 Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I solemnly swear to the Lord, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth,23 that I will not take so much as a single thread or sandal thong from what belongs to you. Otherwise you might say, ‘I am the one who made Abram rich.’24 I will accept only what my young warriors have already eaten, and I request that you give a fair share of the goods to my allies—Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre.”

The Lord’s Covenant Promise to Abram

15 Some time later, the Lord spoke to Abram in a vision and said to him, “Do not be afraid, Abram, for I will protect you, and your reward will be great.”

But Abram replied, “O Sovereign Lord, what good are all your blessings when I don’t even have a son? Since you’ve given me no children, Eliezer of Damascus, a servant in my household, will inherit all my wealth.You have given me no descendants of my own, so one of my servants will be my heir.”

Then the Lord said to him, “No, your servant will not be your heir, for you will have a son of your own who will be your heir.”Then the Lord took Abram outside and said to him, “Look up into the sky and count the stars if you can. That’s how many descendants you will have!”

And Abram believed the Lord, and the Lord counted him as righteous because of his faith.

Then the Lord told him, “I am the Lord who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land as your possession.”

But Abram replied, “O Sovereign Lord, how can I be sure that I will actually possess it?”

The Lord told him, “Bring me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove, and a young pigeon.”10 So Abram presented all these to him and killed them. Then he cut each animal down the middle and laid the halves side by side; he did not, however, cut the birds in half.11 Some vultures swooped down to eat the carcasses, but Abram chased them away.

12 As the sun was going down, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a terrifying darkness came down over him.13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “You can be sure that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land, where they will be oppressed as slaves for 400 years.14 But I will punish the nation that enslaves them, and in the end they will come away with great wealth.15 (As for you, you will die in peace and be buried at a ripe old age.)16 After four generations your descendants will return here to this land, for the sins of the Amorites do not yet warrant their destruction.”

17 After the sun went down and darkness fell, Abram saw a smoking firepot and a flaming torch pass between the halves of the carcasses.18 So the Lord made a covenant with Abram that day and said, “I have given this land to your descendants, all the way from the border of EgyptHebrew the river of Egypt, referring either to an eastern branch of the Nile River or to the Brook of Egypt in the Sinai (see Num 34:5). to the great Euphrates River—19 the land now occupied by the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites,20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites,21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.”

And Lot also, which went with Abram, had flocks, and herds, and tents.

And the land was not able to bear them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, so that they could not dwell together.

And there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle and the herdmen of Lot's cattle: and the Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelled then in the land.

And Abram said unto Lot, Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee, and between my herdmen and thy herdmen; for we be brethren.

Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left.

10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.

11 Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan; and Lot journeyed east: and they separated themselves the one from the other.

12 Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelled in the cities of the plain, and pitched his tent toward Sodom.

13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the Lord exceedingly.

14 And the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward:

15 For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever.

16 And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.

17 Arise, walk through the land in the length of it and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee.

18 Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the Lord.

14 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;

That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.

All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emins in Shaveh Kiriathaim,

And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness.

And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.

And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim;

With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.

10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.

11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.

12 And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.

14 And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan.

15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.

16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.

17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's dale.

18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.

22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the Lord, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,

23 That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:

24 Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.

15 After these things the word of the Lord came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.

And Abram said, Lord God, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?

And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir.

And, behold, the word of the Lord came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir.

And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

And he believed in the Lord; and he counted it to him for righteousness.

And he said unto him, I am the Lord that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it.

And he said, Lord God, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?

And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

10 And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

11 And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.

16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

18 In the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,

20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,

21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.

Matthew 5:27-48


27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’Exodus 20:14Ex 20:14; Dt 5:1828 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.Pr 6:25; 2Pe 2:1429 If your right eye causes you to stumble,ver 30; Mt 18:6, 8, 9; Mk 9:42-47; Lk 17:2; Ro 14:21; 1Co 8:13; S 2Co 6:3; 11:29 gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.30 And if your right hand causes you to stumble,S ver 29 cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell.


31 “It has been said, ‘Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’Deut. 24:1Dt 24:1-432 But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, makes her the victim of adultery, and anyone who marries a divorced woman commits adultery.S Lk 16:18


33 “Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘Do not break your oath,Lev 19:12 but fulfill to the Lord the vows you have made.’Nu 30:2; Dt 23:21; Mt 23:16-2234 But I tell you, do not swear an oath at all:Jas 5:12 either by heaven, for it is God’s throne;Isa 66:1; Mt 23:2235 or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King.Ps 48:236 And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black.37 All you need to say is simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’;Jas 5:12 anything beyond this comes from the evil one.Or from evilMt 6:13; 13:19, 38; Jn 17:15; Eph 6:16; 2Th 3:3; 1Jn 2:13, 14; 3:12; 5:18, 19

Eye for Eye

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’Exodus 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21Ex 21:24; Lev 24:20; Dt 19:2139 But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also.Lk 6:29; Ro 12:17, 19; 1Pe 3:940 And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well.41 If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles.42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.Dt 15:8; Lk 6:30

Love for Enemies

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighborLev. 19:18Lev 19:18; Mt 19:19; 22:39; Mk 12:31; Lk 10:27; Ro 13:9; Gal 5:14; Jas 2:8 and hate your enemy.’Dt 23:6; Ps 139:21, 2244 But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,Lk 6:27, 28; 23:34; Jn 15:20; Ac 7:60; Ro 8:35; 12:14; 1Co 4:12; 1Pe 2:2345 that you may be childrenver 9; Lk 6:35; S Ro 8:14 of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.Job 25:346 If you love those who love you, what reward will you get?Lk 6:32 Are not even the tax collectors doing that?47 And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that?48 Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.Lev 19:2; 1Pe 1:16

Teaching about Adultery

27 “You have heard the commandment that says, ‘You must not commit adultery.’Exod 20:14; Deut 5:18.28 But I say, anyone who even looks at a woman with lust has already committed adultery with her in his heart.29 So if your eye—even your good eyeGreek your right eye.—causes you to lust, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.30 And if your hand—even your stronger handGreek your right hand.—causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.

Teaching about Divorce

31 “You have heard the law that says, ‘A man can divorce his wife by merely giving her a written notice of divorce.’Deut 24:1.32 But I say that a man who divorces his wife, unless she has been unfaithful, causes her to commit adultery. And anyone who marries a divorced woman also commits adultery.

Teaching about Vows

33 “You have also heard that our ancestors were told, ‘You must not break your vows; you must carry out the vows you make to the Lord.’Num 30:2.34 But I say, do not make any vows! Do not say, ‘By heaven!’ because heaven is God’s throne.35 And do not say, ‘By the earth!’ because the earth is his footstool. And do not say, ‘By Jerusalem!’ for Jerusalem is the city of the great King.36 Do not even say, ‘By my head!’ for you can’t turn one hair white or black.37 Just say a simple, ‘Yes, I will,’ or ‘No, I won’t.’ Anything beyond this is from the evil one.

Teaching about Revenge

38 “You have heard the law that says the punishment must match the injury: ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’Greek the law that says: ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ Exod 21:24; Lev 24:20; Deut 19:21.39 But I say, do not resist an evil person! If someone slaps you on the right cheek, offer the other cheek also.40 If you are sued in court and your shirt is taken from you, give your coat, too.41 If a soldier demands that you carry his gear for a mile,Greek milion [4,854 feet or 1,478 meters]. carry it two miles.42 Give to those who ask, and don’t turn away from those who want to borrow.

Teaching about Love for Enemies

43 “You have heard the law that says, ‘Love your neighbor’Lev 19:18. and hate your enemy.44 But I say, love your enemies!Some manuscripts add Bless those who curse you. Do good to those who hate you. Compare Luke 6:27-28. Pray for those who persecute you!45 In that way, you will be acting as true children of your Father in heaven. For he gives his sunlight to both the evil and the good, and he sends rain on the just and the unjust alike.46 If you love only those who love you, what reward is there for that? Even corrupt tax collectors do that much.47 If you are kind only to your friends,Greek your brothers. how are you different from anyone else? Even pagans do that.48 But you are to be perfect, even as your Father in heaven is perfect.

27 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:

28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.

29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

31 It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

32 But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.

33 Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths:

34 But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:

35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black.

37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.

38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:

39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

40 And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also.

41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain.

42 Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

43 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.

44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;

45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.

46 For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?

47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?

48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

Psalm 6:1-10

Psalm 6In Hebrew texts 6:1-10 is numbered 6:2-11.

For the director of music. With stringed instruments. According to sheminith.Title: Probably a musical term A psalm of David.

Lord, do not rebuke me in your angerS Ps 2:5

or discipline me in your wrath.

Have mercy on me,Ps 4:1; 26:11; Jer 3:12; 12:15; 31:20 Lord, for I am faint;Ps 61:2; 77:3; 142:3; Isa 40:31; Jer 8:18; Eze 21:7

heal me,S Nu 12:13 Lord, for my bones are in agony.Ps 22:14; 31:10; 32:3; 38:3; 42:10; 102:3

My soul is in deep anguish.S Job 7:11; Ps 31:7; 38:8; 55:4; S Jn 12:27; Ro 9:2; 2Co 2:4

How long,1Sa 1:14; 1Ki 18:21; Ps 4:2; 89:46; Isa 6:11; Jer 4:14; Hab 1:2; Zec 1:12 Lord, how long?

Turn,Ps 25:16; 31:2; 69:16; 71:2; 86:16; 88:2; 102:2; 119:132 Lord, and deliver me;

save me because of your unfailing love.Ps 13:5; 31:16; 77:8; 85:7; 119:41; Isa 54:8, 10

Among the dead no one proclaims your name.

Who praises you from the grave?Ps 30:9; 88:10-12; 115:17; Ecc 9:10; Isa 38:18

I am worn outS Jdg 8:5 from my groaning.S Job 3:24; S 23:2; Ps 12:5; 77:3; 102:5; La 1:8, 11, 21, 22

All night long I flood my bed with weepingS Job 16:16

and drench my couch with tears.S Job 7:3; Lk 7:38; Ac 20:19

My eyes grow weakS Job 16:8; Ps 31:9; 69:3; 119:82; Isa 38:14 with sorrow;

they fail because of all my foes.

Away from me,Ps 119:115; 139:19 all you who do evil,Ps 5:5; S Mt 7:23

for the Lord has heard my weeping.

The Lord has heard my cry for mercy;Ps 28:6; 116:1

the Lord accepts my prayer.

10 All my enemies will be overwhelmed with shame and anguish;S 2Ki 19:26

they will turn back and suddenly be put to shame.Ps 40:14

Psalm 6

For the choir director: A psalm of David, to be accompanied by an eight-stringed instrument.Hebrew with stringed instruments; according to the sheminith.

O Lord, don’t rebuke me in your anger

or discipline me in your rage.

Have compassion on me, Lord, for I am weak.

Heal me, Lord, for my bones are in agony.

I am sick at heart.

How long, O Lord, until you restore me?

Return, O Lord, and rescue me.

Save me because of your unfailing love.

For the dead do not remember you.

Who can praise you from the grave?Hebrew from Sheol?

I am worn out from sobbing.

All night I flood my bed with weeping,

drenching it with my tears.

My vision is blurred by grief;

my eyes are worn out because of all my enemies.

Go away, all you who do evil,

for the Lord has heard my weeping.

The Lord has heard my plea;

the Lord will answer my prayer.

10 May all my enemies be disgraced and terrified.

May they suddenly turn back in shame.

O Lord, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.

Have mercy upon me, O Lord; for I am weak: O Lord, heal me; for my bones are vexed.

My soul is also sore vexed: but thou, O Lord, how long?

Return, O Lord, deliver my soul: oh save me for thy mercies' sake.

For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?

I am weary with my groaning; all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears.

Mine eye is consumed because of grief; it waxeth old because of all mine enemies.

Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; for the Lord hath heard the voice of my weeping.

The Lord hath heard my supplication; the Lord will receive my prayer.

10 Let all mine enemies be ashamed and sore vexed: let them return and be ashamed suddenly.

Proverbs 1:29-33

29 since they hated knowledge

and did not choose to fear the Lord.S Job 21:14

30 Since they would not accept my advice

and spurned my rebuke,ver 25

31 they will eat the fruit of their ways

and be filled with the fruit of their schemes.S 2Ch 36:16; Pr 14:14; Jer 6:19; 14:16; 21:14; 30:15

32 For the waywardness of the simple will kill them,

and the complacency of fools will destroy them;Pr 5:22; 15:10; Isa 66:4

33 but whoever listens to me will live in safetyS Nu 24:21; S Dt 33:28; Pr 3:23

and be at ease, without fear of harm.”S ver 21-26; S Ps 112:8

29 For they hated knowledge

and chose not to fear the Lord.

30 They rejected my advice

and paid no attention when I corrected them.

31 Therefore, they must eat the bitter fruit of living their own way,

choking on their own schemes.

32 For simpletons turn away from me—to death.

Fools are destroyed by their own complacency.

33 But all who listen to me will live in peace,

untroubled by fear of harm.”

29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the Lord:

30 They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof.

31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.

32 For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them.

33 But whoso hearkeneth unto me shall dwell safely, and shall be quiet from fear of evil.

Jan 5 Jan 7
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