Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Jehonadab, son of Recab, was quite a man. He was an upstanding man of iron principle who taught his children and grandchildren the precepts of righteousness. His biblical career started when he joined Jehu in destroying the prophets of Baal (2 Kings 10:15-17). Jehu saw in Jehonadab a man who would not compromise with Jezebel and her wicked prophets, but would follow through in delivering judgment against them.

Jehonadab commanded his children and grandchildren to live by certain standards and principles, and these principles were still being upheld centuries later during Jeremiah's day. In Jeremiah 35:5-6, Jeremiah offered Jehonadab's family huge bowls full of wine, which they refused. They strictly maintained the principles of purity they had received from their ancestor many years before. Jeremiah used the family of Jehonadab as a perfect example of a family who consistently put principles ahead of personal choice.

It's easy to change your convictions because they don't feel good. King Jehoiakim just took a knife and cut out the parts of the Bible he didn't like (Jeremiah 36:23)! Don't change your Bible to fit your lifestyle. Change your lifestyle to fit your Bible. In the end, you'll be glad you did!

Jeremiah 35:1-36:32

The Rekabites

35 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord during the reign of JehoiakimS 2Ch 36:5 son of Josiah king of Judah:“Go to the RekabiteS 2Ki 10:15 family and invite them to come to one of the side roomsS 1Ki 6:5 of the house of the Lord and give them wine to drink.”

So I went to get Jaazaniah son of Jeremiah, the son of Habazziniah, and his brothers and all his sons—the whole family of the Rekabites.I brought them into the house of the Lord, into the room of the sons of Hanan son of Igdaliah the man of God.S Dt 33:1 It was next to the room of the officials, which was over that of Maaseiah son of Shallum1Ch 9:19 the doorkeeper.S 2Ki 12:9; S 23:4Then I set bowls full of wine and some cups before the Rekabites and said to them, “Drink some wine.”

But they replied, “We do not drink wine, because our forefather JehonadabHebrew Jonadab, a variant of Jehonadab; here and often in this chapterS 2Ki 10:15 son of Rekab gave us this command: ‘Neither you nor your descendants must ever drink wine.S Lev 10:9; Nu 6:2-4; S Lk 1:15Also you must never build houses, sow seed or plant vineyards; you must never have any of these things, but must always live in tents.Heb 11:9 Then you will live a long time in the landS Ex 20:12; Eph 6:2-3 where you are nomads.’We have obeyed everything our forefatherPr 1:8; Col 3:20 Jehonadab son of Rekab commanded us. Neither we nor our wives nor our sons and daughters have ever drunk wineor built houses to live in or had vineyards, fields or crops.1Ti 6:610 We have lived in tents and have fully obeyed everything our forefather Jehonadab commanded us.11 But when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon invaded2Ki 24:1 this land, we said, ‘Come, we must go to JerusalemS Jos 10:20; Jer 8:14 to escape the BabylonianOr Chaldean and Aramean armies.’ So we have remained in Jerusalem.”

12 Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah, saying:13 “This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: Go and tellJer 11:6 the people of Judah and those living in Jerusalem, ‘Will you not learn a lessonJer 6:10; 32:33 and obey my words?’ declares the Lord.14 ‘Jehonadab son of Rekab ordered his descendants not to drink wine and this command has been kept. To this day they do not drink wine, because they obey their forefather’s command.ver 6-10, 16 But I have spoken to you again and again,S Jer 7:13 yet you have not obeyedIsa 30:9 me.15 Again and again I sent all my servants the prophetsS Jer 7:25 to you. They said, “Each of you must turnS 2Ki 17:13; S Jer 26:3 from your wicked ways and reformS Isa 1:16-17; S 59:20; Jer 4:1; 18:11; Eze 14:6; 18:30 your actions; do not follow other godsS Ex 20:3 to serve them. Then you will live in the landS Dt 4:40; Jer 25:5 I have given to you and your ancestors.” But you have not paid attention or listenedS Jer 6:10; S 7:26; 44:4-5 to me.16 The descendants of Jehonadab son of Rekab have carried out the command their forefatherS Lev 20:9; Mal 1:6 gave them, but these people have not obeyed me.’

17 “Therefore this is what the Lord God Almighty, the God of Israel, says: ‘Listen! I am going to bring on Judah and on everyone living in Jerusalem every disasterS Jos 23:15; S 1Ki 13:34; Jer 21:4-7 I pronounced against them. I spoke to them, but they did not listen;S Pr 1:24; Ro 10:21 I called to them, but they did not answer.’”Jer 7:13

18 Then Jeremiah said to the family of the Rekabites, “This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: ‘You have obeyed the command of your forefatherS Ge 31:35 Jehonadab and have followed all his instructions and have done everything he ordered.’19 Therefore this is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: ‘Jehonadab son of Rekab will never failS Isa 48:19; Jer 33:17 to have a descendant to serveJer 15:19 me.’”

Jehoiakim Burns Jeremiah’s Scroll

36 In the fourth year of JehoiakimS 2Ch 36:5 son of Josiah king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord:“Take a scrollS ver 4; S Ex 17:14; S Ps 40:7; Jer 30:2; Hab 2:2 and write on it all the wordsEze 2:7 I have spoken to you concerning Israel, Judah and all the other nations from the time I began speaking to you in the reign of JosiahJer 1:2; 25:3 till now.Perhapsver 7; Eze 12:3; Am 5:15 when the people of Judah hearIsa 6:9; Mk 4:12 about every disaster I plan to inflict on them, they will each turnS 2Ki 17:13; S Isa 44:22; S Jer 26:3; Ac 3:19 from their wicked ways; then I will forgiveS Jer 18:8 their wickedness and their sin.”

So Jeremiah called BaruchS Jer 32:12 son of Neriah,Jer 51:59 and while Jeremiah dictatedver 18 all the words the Lord had spoken to him, Baruch wrote them on the scroll.ver 2; Eze 2:9; Da 7:1; Zec 5:1Then Jeremiah told Baruch, “I am restricted; I am not allowed to go to the Lord’s temple.So you go to the house of the Lord on a day of fastingver 9 and read to the people from the scroll the words of the Lord that you wrote as I dictated.S Ex 4:16 Read them to all the people of Judah2Ch 20:4 who come in from their towns.Perhaps they will bring their petitionJer 37:20; 42:2 before the Lord and will each turnS Jer 26:3 from their wicked ways, for the angerS Dt 31:17 and wrath pronounced against this people by the Lord are great.”

Baruch son of Neriah did everything Jeremiah the prophet told him to do; at the Lord’s temple he read the words of the Lord from the scroll.In the ninth monthver 22 of the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, a time of fastingS 2Ch 20:3 before the Lord was proclaimed for all the people in Jerusalem and those who had come from the towns of Judah.10 From the room of Gemariahver 12, 25; Jer 29:3 son of ShaphanJer 26:24 the secretary,Jer 52:25 which was in the upper courtyard at the entrance of the New GateS Ge 23:10 of the temple, Baruch read to all the people at the Lord’s temple the words of Jeremiah from the scroll.

11 When Micaiah son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, heard all the words of the Lord from the scroll,12 he went down to the secretary’sS 2Sa 8:17 room in the royal palace, where all the officials were sitting: Elishama the secretary, Delaiah son of Shemaiah, ElnathanS Jer 26:22 son of Akbor, Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the other officials.Jer 38:413 After Micaiah told them everything he had heard Baruch read to the people from the scroll,14 all the officials sent Jehudiver 21 son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, to say to Baruch, “Bring the scrollver 4 from which you have read to the people and come.” So Baruch son of Neriah went to them with the scroll in his hand.15 They said to him, “Sit down, please, and read it to us.”

So Baruch read it to them.16 When they heard all these words, they looked at each other in fearS Ps 36:1 and said to Baruch, “We must report all these words to the king.”17 Then they asked Baruch, “Tell us, how did you come to writeJer 30:2 all this? Did Jeremiah dictate it?”

18 “Yes,” Baruch replied, “he dictatedver 4 all these words to me, and I wrote them in ink on the scroll.”

19 Then the officialsJer 26:16 said to Baruch, “You and Jeremiah, go and hide.S 1Ki 17:3 Don’t let anyone know where you are.”

20 After they put the scroll in the room of Elishama the secretary, they went to the king in the courtyard and reported everything to him.21 The king sent Jehudiver 14 to get the scroll, and Jehudi brought it from the room of Elishama the secretary and read it to the king2Ki 22:10 and all the officials standing beside him.22 It was the ninth month and the king was sitting in the winter apartment,Am 3:15 with a fire burning in the firepot in front of him.23 Whenever Jehudi had read three or four columns of the scroll,ver 2 the king cut them off with a scribe’s knife and threw them into the firepot, until the entire scroll was burned in the fire.1Ki 22:824 The king and all his attendants who heard all these words showed no fear,S Ps 36:1 nor did they tear their clothes.S Ge 37:29; S Nu 14:625 Even though Elnathan, Delaiahver 12 and GemariahS ver 10 urged the king not to burn the scroll, he would not listen to them.26 Instead, the king commanded Jerahmeel, a son of the king, Seraiah son of Azriel and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to arrestMt 23:34 Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet. But the Lord had hiddenS 1Ki 17:3; Ps 11:1; S Jer 1:8; 15:21 them.

27 After the king burned the scroll containing the words that Baruch had written at Jeremiah’s dictation,ver 4 the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah:28 “Take another scrollver 2 and write on it all the words that were on the first scroll, which Jehoiakim king of Judah burned up.29 Also tell Jehoiakim king of Judah, ‘This is what the Lord says: You burned that scroll and said, “Why did you write on it that the king of Babylon would certainly come and destroy this land and wipe from itS Isa 30:10 both man and beast?”Jer 33:1230 Therefore this is what the Lord says about JehoiakimJer 52:2 king of Judah: He will have no one to sit on the throne of David; his body will be thrown outS Isa 14:19 and exposedS 2Ki 24:6 to the heat by day and the frost by night.S Jer 8:231 I will punish him and his childrenEx 20:5 and his attendants for their wickedness; I will bring on them and those living in Jerusalem and the people of Judah every disasterS Pr 29:1 I pronounced against them, because they have not listened.S Pr 1:24’”

32 So Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to the scribe Baruch son of Neriah, and as Jeremiah dictated,ver 4 Baruch wroteEx 34:1; Jer 30:2 on it all the words of the scroll that Jehoiakim king of Judah had burnedver 23 in the fire. And many similar words were added to them.

The Faithful Recabites

35 This is the message the Lord gave Jeremiah when Jehoiakim son of Josiah was king of Judah:“Go to the settlement where the families of the Recabites live, and invite them to the Lord’s Temple. Take them into one of the inner rooms, and offer them some wine.”

So I went to see Jaazaniah son of Jeremiah and grandson of Habazziniah and all his brothers and sons—representing all the Recabite families.I took them to the Temple, and we went into the room assigned to the sons of Hanan son of Igdaliah, a man of God. This room was located next to the one used by the Temple officials, directly above the room of Maaseiah son of Shallum, the Temple gatekeeper.

I set cups and jugs of wine before them and invited them to have a drink,but they refused. “No,” they said, “we don’t drink wine, because our ancestor JehonadabHebrew Jonadab, a variant spelling of Jehonadab; also in 35:10, 19. See 2 Kgs 10:15. son of Recab gave us this command: ‘You and your descendants must never drink wine.And do not build houses or plant crops or vineyards, but always live in tents. If you follow these commands, you will live long, good lives in the land.’So we have obeyed him in all these things. We have never had a drink of wine to this day, nor have our wives, our sons, or our daughters.We haven’t built houses or owned vineyards or farms or planted crops.10 We have lived in tents and have fully obeyed all the commands of Jehonadab, our ancestor.11 But when King NebuchadnezzarHebrew Nebuchadrezzar, a variant spelling of Nebuchadnezzar. of Babylon attacked this country, we were afraid of the Babylonian and SyrianOr Chaldean and Aramean. armies. So we decided to move to Jerusalem. That is why we are here.”

12 Then the Lord gave this message to Jeremiah:13 “This is what the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel, says: Go and say to the people in Judah and Jerusalem, ‘Come and learn a lesson about how to obey me.14 The Recabites do not drink wine to this day because their ancestor Jehonadab told them not to. But I have spoken to you again and again, and you refuse to obey me.15 Time after time I sent you prophets, who told you, “Turn from your wicked ways, and start doing things right. Stop worshiping other gods so that you might live in peace here in the land I have given to you and your ancestors.” But you would not listen to me or obey me.16 The descendants of Jehonadab son of Recab have obeyed their ancestor completely, but you have refused to listen to me.’

17 “Therefore, this is what the Lord God of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel, says: ‘Because you refuse to listen or answer when I call, I will send upon Judah and Jerusalem all the disasters I have threatened.’”

18 Then Jeremiah turned to the Recabites and said, “This is what the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel, says: ‘You have obeyed your ancestor Jehonadab in every respect, following all his instructions.’19 Therefore, this is what the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel, says: ‘Jehonadab son of Recab will always have descendants who serve me.’”

Baruch Reads the Lord’s Messages

36 During the fourth year that Jehoiakim son of Josiah was king in Judah,The fourth year of Jehoiakim’s reign was 605 B.c. the Lord gave this message to Jeremiah:“Get a scroll, and write down all my messages against Israel, Judah, and the other nations. Begin with the first message back in the days of Josiah, and write down every message, right up to the present time.Perhaps the people of Judah will repent when they hear again all the terrible things I have planned for them. Then I will be able to forgive their sins and wrongdoings.”

So Jeremiah sent for Baruch son of Neriah, and as Jeremiah dictated all the prophecies that the Lord had given him, Baruch wrote them on a scroll.Then Jeremiah said to Baruch, “I am a prisoner here and unable to go to the Temple.So you go to the Temple on the next day of fasting, and read the messages from the Lord that I have had you write on this scroll. Read them so the people who are there from all over Judah will hear them.Perhaps even yet they will turn from their evil ways and ask the Lord’s forgiveness before it is too late. For the Lord has threatened them with his terrible anger.”

Baruch did as Jeremiah told him and read these messages from the Lord to the people at the Temple.He did this on a day of sacred fasting held in late autumn,Hebrew in the ninth month, of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar (also in 36:22). The ninth month in the fifth year of Jehoiakim’s reign occurred within the months of November and December 604 B.c. Also see note on 1:3. during the fifth year of the reign of Jehoiakim son of Josiah. People from all over Judah had come to Jerusalem to attend the services at the Temple on that day.10 Baruch read Jeremiah’s words on the scroll to all the people. He stood in front of the Temple room of Gemariah, son of Shaphan the secretary. This room was just off the upper courtyard of the Temple, near the New Gate entrance.

11 When Micaiah son of Gemariah and grandson of Shaphan heard the messages from the Lord,12 he went down to the secretary’s room in the palace where the administrative officials were meeting. Elishama the secretary was there, along with Delaiah son of Shemaiah, Elnathan son of Acbor, Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the other officials.13 When Micaiah told them about the messages Baruch was reading to the people,14 the officials sent Jehudi son of Nethaniah, grandson of Shelemiah and great-grandson of Cushi, to ask Baruch to come and read the messages to them, too. So Baruch took the scroll and went to them.15 “Sit down and read the scroll to us,” the officials said, and Baruch did as they requested.

16 When they heard all the messages, they looked at one another in alarm. “We must tell the king what we have heard,” they said to Baruch.17 “But first, tell us how you got these messages. Did they come directly from Jeremiah?”

18 So Baruch explained, “Jeremiah dictated them, and I wrote them down in ink, word for word, on this scroll.”

19 “You and Jeremiah should both hide,” the officials told Baruch. “Don’t tell anyone where you are!”20 Then the officials left the scroll for safekeeping in the room of Elishama the secretary and went to tell the king what had happened.

King Jehoiakim Burns the Scroll

21 The king sent Jehudi to get the scroll. Jehudi brought it from Elishama’s room and read it to the king as all his officials stood by.22 It was late autumn, and the king was in a winterized part of the palace, sitting in front of a fire to keep warm.23 Each time Jehudi finished reading three or four columns, the king took a knife and cut off that section of the scroll. He then threw it into the fire, section by section, until the whole scroll was burned up.24 Neither the king nor his attendants showed any signs of fear or repentance at what they heard.25 Even when Elnathan, Delaiah, and Gemariah begged the king not to burn the scroll, he wouldn’t listen.

26 Then the king commanded his son Jerahmeel, Seraiah son of Azriel, and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to arrest Baruch and Jeremiah. But the Lord had hidden them.

Jeremiah Rewrites the Scroll

27 After the king had burned the scroll on which Baruch had written Jeremiah’s words, the Lord gave Jeremiah another message. He said,28 “Get another scroll, and write everything again just as you did on the scroll King Jehoiakim burned.29 Then say to the king, ‘This is what the Lord says: You burned the scroll because it said the king of Babylon would destroy this land and empty it of people and animals.30 Now this is what the Lord says about King Jehoiakim of Judah: He will have no heirs to sit on the throne of David. His dead body will be thrown out to lie unburied—exposed to the heat of the day and the frost of the night.31 I will punish him and his family and his attendants for their sins. I will pour out on them and on all the people of Jerusalem and Judah all the disasters I promised, for they would not listen to my warnings.’”

32 So Jeremiah took another scroll and dictated again to his secretary, Baruch. He wrote everything that had been on the scroll King Jehoiakim had burned in the fire. Only this time he added much more!

35 The word which came unto Jeremiah from the Lord in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, saying,

Go unto the house of the Rechabites, and speak unto them, and bring them into the house of the Lord, into one of the chambers, and give them wine to drink.

Then I took Jaazaniah the son of Jeremiah, the son of Habaziniah, and his brethren, and all his sons, and the whole house of the Rechabites;

And I brought them into the house of the Lord, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan, the son of Igdaliah, a man of God, which was by the chamber of the princes, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the door:

And I set before the sons of the house of the Rechabites pots full of wine, and cups, and I said unto them, Drink ye wine.

But they said, We will drink no wine: for Jonadab the son of Rechab our father commanded us, saying, Ye shall drink no wine, neither ye, nor your sons for ever:

Neither shall ye build house, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor have any: but all your days ye shall dwell in tents; that ye may live many days in the land where ye be strangers.

Thus have we obeyed the voice of Jonadab the son of Rechab our father in all that he hath charged us, to drink no wine all our days, we, our wives, our sons, nor our daughters;

Nor to build houses for us to dwell in: neither have we vineyard, nor field, nor seed:

10 But we have dwelt in tents, and have obeyed, and done according to all that Jonadab our father commanded us.

11 But it came to pass, when Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came up into the land, that we said, Come, and let us go to Jerusalem for fear of the army of the Chaldeans, and for fear of the army of the Syrians: so we dwell at Jerusalem.

12 Then came the word of the Lord unto Jeremiah, saying,

13 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Go and tell the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Will ye not receive instruction to hearken to my words? saith the Lord.

14 The words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, that he commanded his sons not to drink wine, are performed; for unto this day they drink none, but obey their father's commandment: notwithstanding I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye hearkened not unto me.

15 I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me.

16 Because the sons of Jonadab the son of Rechab have performed the commandment of their father, which he commanded them; but this people hath not hearkened unto me:

17 Therefore thus saith the Lord God of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon Judah and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem all the evil that I have pronounced against them: because I have spoken unto them, but they have not heard; and I have called unto them, but they have not answered.

18 And Jeremiah said unto the house of the Rechabites, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Because ye have obeyed the commandment of Jonadab your father, and kept all his precepts, and done according unto all that he hath commanded you:

19 Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Jonadab the son of Rechab shall not want a man to stand before me for ever.

36 And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the Lord, saying,

Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day.

It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.

Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah: and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the Lord, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book.

And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, I am shut up; I cannot go into the house of the Lord:

Therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the Lord in the ears of the people in the Lord's house upon the fasting day: and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities.

It may be they will present their supplication before the Lord, and will return every one from his evil way: for great is the anger and the fury that the Lord hath pronounced against this people.

And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading in the book the words of the Lord in the Lord's house.

And it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth month, that they proclaimed a fast before the Lord to all the people in Jerusalem, and to all the people that came from the cities of Judah unto Jerusalem.

10 Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the Lord, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the Lord's house, in the ears of all the people.

11 When Michaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard out of the book all the words of the Lord,

12 Then he went down into the king's house, into the scribe's chamber: and, lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes.

13 Then Michaiah declared unto them all the words that he had heard, when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people.

14 Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto Baruch, saying, Take in thine hand the roll wherein thou hast read in the ears of the people, and come. So Baruch the son of Neriah took the roll in his hand, and came unto them.

15 And they said unto him, Sit down now, and read it in our ears. So Baruch read it in their ears.

16 Now it came to pass, when they had heard all the words, they were afraid both one and other, and said unto Baruch, We will surely tell the king of all these words.

17 And they asked Baruch, saying, Tell us now, How didst thou write all these words at his mouth?

18 Then Baruch answered them, He pronounced all these words unto me with his mouth, and I wrote them with ink in the book.

19 Then said the princes unto Baruch, Go, hide thee, thou and Jeremiah; and let no man know where ye be.

20 And they went in to the king into the court, but they laid up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and told all the words in the ears of the king.

21 So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll: and he took it out of Elishama the scribe's chamber. And Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes which stood beside the king.

22 Now the king sat in the winterhouse in the ninth month: and there was a fire on the hearth burning before him.

23 And it came to pass, that when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he cut it with the penknife, and cast it into the fire that was on the hearth, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that was on the hearth.

24 Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, neither the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.

25 Nevertheless Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession to the king that he would not burn the roll: but he would not hear them.

26 But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet: but the Lord hid them.

27 Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah, after that the king had burned the roll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah, saying,

28 Take thee again another roll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first roll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah hath burned.

29 And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim king of Judah, Thus saith the Lord; Thou hast burned this roll, saying, Why hast thou written therein, saying, The king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from thence man and beast?

30 Therefore thus saith the Lord of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.

31 And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; and I will bring upon them, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and upon the men of Judah, all the evil that I have pronounced against them; but they hearkened not.

32 Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah; who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire: and there were added besides unto them many like words.

1 Timothy 5:1-25

Widows, Elders and Slaves

Do not rebuke an older manTit 2:2 harshly,Lev 19:32 but exhort him as if he were your father. Treat younger menTit 2:6 as brothers,older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.

Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need.ver 5, 16But if a widow has children or grandchildren, these should learn first of all to put their religion into practice by caring for their own family and so repaying their parents and grandparents,ver 8; Eph 6:1, 2 for this is pleasing to God.Ro 12:2; Eph 5:10; 1Ti 2:3The widow who is really in needver 3, 16 and left all alone puts her hope in God1Co 7:34; 1Pe 3:5 and continues night and day to prayLk 2:37; S Ro 1:10 and to ask God for help.But the widow who lives for pleasure is dead even while she lives.S Lk 15:24Give the people these instructions,1Ti 4:11; 6:2 so that no one may be open to blame.Anyone who does not provide for their relatives, and especially for their own household, has denied2Pe 2:1; Jude 4 the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

No widow may be put on the list of widows unless she is over sixty, has been faithful to her husband,10 and is well known for her good deeds,Ac 9:36; 1Ti 6:18; 1Pe 2:12 such as bringing up children, showing hospitality,S Ro 12:13 washing the feetS Lk 7:44 of the Lord’s people, helping those in troublever 16 and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.

11 As for younger widows, do not put them on such a list. For when their sensual desires overcome their dedication to Christ, they want to marry.12 Thus they bring judgment on themselves, because they have broken their first pledge.13 Besides, they get into the habit of being idle and going about from house to house. And not only do they become idlers, but also busybodies2Th 3:11 who talk nonsense,S Ro 1:29 saying things they ought not to.14 So I counsel younger widows to marry,1Co 7:9 to have children, to manage their homes and to give the enemy no opportunity for slander.1Ti 6:115 Some have in fact already turned away to follow Satan.S Mt 4:10

16 If any woman who is a believer has widows in her care, she should continue to help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.ver 3-5

17 The eldersS Ac 11:30 who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honor,Php 2:29; 1Th 5:12 especially those whose work is preaching and teaching.18 For Scripture says, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,”Deut. 25:4Dt 25:4; 1Co 9:7-9 and “The worker deserves his wages.”Luke 10:7Lk 10:7; Lev 19:13; Dt 24:14, 15; Mt 10:10; 1Co 9:1419 Do not entertain an accusation against an elderS Ac 11:30 unless it is brought by two or three witnesses.S Mt 18:1620 But those elders who are sinning you are to reprove2Ti 4:2; Tit 1:13; 2:15 before everyone, so that the others may take warning.Dt 13:1121 I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus1Ti 6:13; 2Ti 4:1 and the elect angels, to keep these instructions without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism.

22 Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands,S Ac 6:6 and do not share in the sins of others.Eph 5:11 Keep yourself pure.Ps 18:26

23 Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine1Ti 3:8 because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses.

24 The sins of some are obvious, reaching the place of judgment ahead of them; the sins of others trail behind them.25 In the same way, good deeds are obvious, and even those that are not obvious cannot remain hidden forever.

Advice about Widows, Elders, and Slaves

Never speak harshly to an older man,Or an elder. but appeal to him respectfully as you would to your own father. Talk to younger men as you would to your own brothers.Treat older women as you would your mother, and treat younger women with all purity as you would your own sisters.

Take care ofOr Honor. any widow who has no one else to care for her.But if she has children or grandchildren, their first responsibility is to show godliness at home and repay their parents by taking care of them. This is something that pleases God.

Now a true widow, a woman who is truly alone in this world, has placed her hope in God. She prays night and day, asking God for his help.But the widow who lives only for pleasure is spiritually dead even while she lives.Give these instructions to the church so that no one will be open to criticism.

But those who won’t care for their relatives, especially those in their own household, have denied the true faith. Such people are worse than unbelievers.

A widow who is put on the list for support must be a woman who is at least sixty years old and was faithful to her husband.Greek was the wife of one husband.10 She must be well respected by everyone because of the good she has done. Has she brought up her children well? Has she been kind to strangers and served other believers humbly?Greek and washed the feet of God’s holy people? Has she helped those who are in trouble? Has she always been ready to do good?

11 The younger widows should not be on the list, because their physical desires will overpower their devotion to Christ and they will want to remarry.12 Then they would be guilty of breaking their previous pledge.13 And if they are on the list, they will learn to be lazy and will spend their time gossiping from house to house, meddling in other people’s business and talking about things they shouldn’t.14 So I advise these younger widows to marry again, have children, and take care of their own homes. Then the enemy will not be able to say anything against them.15 For I am afraid that some of them have already gone astray and now follow Satan.

16 If a woman who is a believer has relatives who are widows, she must take care of them and not put the responsibility on the church. Then the church can care for the widows who are truly alone.

17 Elders who do their work well should be respected and paid well,Greek should be worthy of double honor. especially those who work hard at both preaching and teaching.18 For the Scripture says, “You must not muzzle an ox to keep it from eating as it treads out the grain.” And in another place, “Those who work deserve their pay!”Deut 25:4; Luke 10:7.

19 Do not listen to an accusation against an elder unless it is confirmed by two or three witnesses.20 Those who sin should be reprimanded in front of the whole church; this will serve as a strong warning to others.

21 I solemnly command you in the presence of God and Christ Jesus and the highest angels to obey these instructions without taking sides or showing favoritism to anyone.

22 Never be in a hurry about appointing a church leader.Greek about the laying on of hands. Do not share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure.

23 Don’t drink only water. You ought to drink a little wine for the sake of your stomach because you are sick so often.

24 Remember, the sins of some people are obvious, leading them to certain judgment. But there are others whose sins will not be revealed until later.25 In the same way, the good deeds of some people are obvious. And the good deeds done in secret will someday come to light.

Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;

The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

Honour widows that are widows indeed.

But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.

Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.

And these things give in charge, that they may be blameless.

But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man.

10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.

11 But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;

12 Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.

13 And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.

14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.

15 For some are already turned aside after Satan.

16 If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them, and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows indeed.

17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

18 For the scripture saith, thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.

20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

21 I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.

22 Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure.

23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.

24 Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some men they follow after.

25 Likewise also the good works of some are manifest beforehand; and they that are otherwise cannot be hid.

Psalm 89:14-37

14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne;Ps 97:2

love and faithfulness go before you.Ps 85:10-11

15 Blessed are those who have learned to acclaim you,

who walkPs 1:1 in the lightPs 44:3 of your presence, Lord.

16 They rejoice in your namePs 30:4; 105:3 all day long;

they celebrate your righteousness.

17 For you are their glory and strength,Ps 18:1

and by your favor you exalt our horn.Horn here symbolizes strong one.ver 24; Ps 75:10; 92:10; 112:9; 148:14

18 Indeed, our shieldOr sovereignPs 18:2 belongs to the Lord,

our kingPs 47:9; Isa 16:5; 33:17, 22 to the Holy One of Israel.

19 Once you spoke in a vision,

to your faithful people you said:

“I have bestowed strength on a warrior;

I have raised up a young man from among the people.

20 I have found DavidAc 13:22 my servant;Ps 78:70

with my sacred oilS Ex 29:7; S 1Ki 1:39 I have anointedS 1Sa 2:35; S 2Sa 22:51 him.

21 My hand will sustain him;

surely my arm will strengthen him.ver 13; Ps 18:35

22 The enemy will not get the better of him;S Jdg 3:15

the wicked will not oppress2Sa 7:10 him.

23 I will crush his foes before himPs 18:40

and strike down his adversaries.2Sa 7:9

24 My faithful love will be with him,S 2Sa 7:15

and through my name his hornHorn here symbolizes strength. will be exalted.

25 I will set his hand over the sea,

his right hand over the rivers.Ps 72:8

26 He will call out to me, ‘You are my Father,S 2Sa 7:14; S Jer 3:4; Heb 1:5

my God, the RockS Ps 62:2 my Savior.’S 2Sa 22:47

27 And I will appoint him to be my firstborn,S Col 1:18

the most exaltedS Nu 24:7 of the kingsPs 2:6; Rev 1:5; 19:16 of the earth.

28 I will maintain my love to him forever,

and my covenant with him will never fail.ver 33-34; Isa 55:3

29 I will establish his line forever,

his throne as long as the heavens endure.ver 4, 36

30 “If his sons forsake my law

and do not follow my statutes,

31 if they violate my decrees

and fail to keep my commands,

32 I will punish their sin with the rod,

their iniquity with flogging;2Sa 7:14

33 but I will not take my love from him,S 2Sa 7:15

nor will I ever betray my faithfulness.

34 I will not violate my covenant

or alter what my lips have uttered.S Nu 23:19

35 Once for all, I have sworn by my holiness—

and I will not lie to David—

36 that his line will continue forever

and his throne endure before me like the sun;ver 4

37 it will be established forever like the moon,

the faithful witness in the sky.”Jer 33:20-21

14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne.

Unfailing love and truth walk before you as attendants.

15 Happy are those who hear the joyful call to worship,

for they will walk in the light of your presence, Lord.

16 They rejoice all day long in your wonderful reputation.

They exult in your righteousness.

17 You are their glorious strength.

It pleases you to make us strong.

18 Yes, our protection comes from the Lord,

and he, the Holy One of Israel, has given us our king.

19 Long ago you spoke in a vision to your faithful people.

You said, “I have raised up a warrior.

I have selected him from the common people to be king.

20 I have found my servant David.

I have anointed him with my holy oil.

21 I will steady him with my hand;

with my powerful arm I will make him strong.

22 His enemies will not defeat him,

nor will the wicked overpower him.

23 I will beat down his adversaries before him

and destroy those who hate him.

24 My faithfulness and unfailing love will be with him,

and by my authority he will grow in power.

25 I will extend his rule over the sea,

his dominion over the rivers.

26 And he will call out to me, ‘You are my Father,

my God, and the Rock of my salvation.’

27 I will make him my firstborn son,

the mightiest king on earth.

28 I will love him and be kind to him forever;

my covenant with him will never end.

29 I will preserve an heir for him;

his throne will be as endless as the days of heaven.

30 But if his descendants forsake my instructions

and fail to obey my regulations,

31 if they do not obey my decrees

and fail to keep my commands,

32 then I will punish their sin with the rod,

and their disobedience with beating.

33 But I will never stop loving him

nor fail to keep my promise to him.

34 No, I will not break my covenant;

I will not take back a single word I said.

35 I have sworn an oath to David,

and in my holiness I cannot lie:

36 His dynasty will go on forever;

his kingdom will endure as the sun.

37 It will be as eternal as the moon,

my faithful witness in the sky!” Interlude

14 Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.

15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O Lord, in the light of thy countenance.

16 In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.

17 For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted.

18 For the Lord is our defence; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.

19 Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people.

20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

21 With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him.

22 The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him.

23 And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him.

24 But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted.

25 I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.

26 He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.

27 Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.

28 My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.

29 His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.

30 If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments;

31 If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments;

32 Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.

33 Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.

34 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.

35 Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David.

36 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.

37 It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.

Proverbs 25:25-27

25 Like cold water to a weary soul

is good news from a distant land.Pr 15:30

26 Like a muddied spring or a polluted well

are the righteous who give way to the wicked.

27 It is not good to eat too much honey,ver 16

nor is it honorable to search out matters that are too deep.Pr 27:2; S Mt 23:12

25 Good news from far away

is like cold water to the thirsty.

26 If the godly give in to the wicked,

it’s like polluting a fountain or muddying a spring.

27 It’s not good to eat too much honey,

and it’s not good to seek honors for yourself.

25 As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country.

26 A righteous man falling down before the wicked is as a troubled fountain, and a corrupt spring.

27 It is not good to eat much honey: so for men to search their own glory is not glory.

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