Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Natural reasoning always leads us off track. The more we think and reason about standards, morality, and righteousness, the more we excuse wrong behavior. What we need is revelation-God's opinion and verdict about our actions. God did not give us the "Ten Suggestions." He gave us the Ten Commandments!

The book of Revelation begins with this sentence: "This is a revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him concerning the events that will happen soon" (1:1). Each of the seven churches heard a direct word from Christ concerning putting their spiritual houses in order.

Joel saw a revelation of the end of time: "I will cause wonders in the heavens and on the earth-blood and fire and pillars of smoke. The sun will be turned into darkness, and the moon will turn bloodred before that great and terrible day of the Lord arrives" (Joel 2:30-31). This awesome revelation and wonder will have an incredible effect, and "anyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved" (v. 32).

Live by revelation, not reasoning. One day you will be glad you did!

Joel 1:1-3:21

The word of the Lord that cameS Jer 1:2 to JoelAc 2:16 son of Pethuel.

An Invasion of Locusts

Hear this,Hos 5:1 you elders;Joel 2:16

listen, all who live in the land.S Hos 4:1

Has anything like this ever happened in your days

or in the days of your ancestors?Joel 2:2

Tell it to your children,S Ex 10:2

and let your children tell it to their children,

and their children to the next generation.S Ps 71:18

What the locustS Ex 10:14 swarm has left

the great locusts have eaten;

what the great locusts have left

the young locusts have eaten;

what the young locusts have leftS Ex 10:5

other locustsThe precise meaning of the four Hebrew words used here for locusts is uncertain. have eaten.S Ex 10:15; S Dt 28:39; Am 7:1; Na 3:15

Wake up, you drunkards, and weep!

Wail, all you drinkers of wine;Joel 3:3

wail because of the new wine,

for it has been snatchedS Isa 24:7 from your lips.

A nation has invaded my land,

a mighty army without number;Ps 105:34; Joel 2:2, 11, 25

it has the teethRev 9:8 of a lion,

the fangs of a lioness.

It has laid wasteIsa 5:6 my vines

and ruined my fig trees.Am 4:9

It has stripped off their bark

and thrown it away,

leaving their branches white.

Mourn like a virgin in sackclothver 13; Isa 22:12; Am 8:10

grieving for the betrothed of her youth.

Grain offerings and drink offeringsS Hos 9:4

are cut off from the house of the Lord.

The priests are in mourning,S Isa 22:12

those who minister before the Lord.

10 The fields are ruined,

the ground is dried up;S Isa 5:6; S 24:4; S Jer 3:3

the grain is destroyed,

the new wineS Hos 9:2 is dried up,

the olive oil fails.S Nu 18:12

11 Despair, you farmers,S Job 6:20; Am 5:16

wail, you vine growers;

grieve for the wheat and the barley,S Ex 9:31

because the harvest of the field is destroyed.S Isa 17:11

12 The vine is dried up

and the fig tree is withered;S Isa 15:6

the pomegranate,S Ex 28:33 the palm and the appleOr possibly apricot tree—

all the trees of the field—are dried up.S Isa 16:8; Hag 2:19

Surely the people’s joy

is withered away.

A Call to Lamentation

13 Put on sackcloth,S Ge 37:34; S Jer 4:8 you priests, and mourn;

wail, you who ministerJoel 2:17 before the altar.

Come, spend the night in sackcloth,

you who minister before my God;

for the grain offerings and drink offeringsver 9; S Hos 9:4; Joel 2:14

are withheld from the house of your God.

14 Declare a holy fast;S 2Ch 20:3

call a sacred assembly.

Summon the elders

and all who live in the landS Hos 4:1

to the house of the Lord your God,

and cry outJnh 3:8 to the Lord.2Ch 20:4

15 Alas for thatS Isa 2:12; Jer 30:7; S 46:10; S Eze 30:3; Mal 4:5 day!

For the day of the LordJoel 2:1, 11, 31; 3:14; Am 5:18; Zep 1:14; Zec 14:1 is near;

it will come like destruction from the Almighty.Hebrew ShaddaiS Ge 17:1

16 Has not the food been cut offIsa 3:7

before our very eyes—

joy and gladnessS Ps 51:8

from the house of our God?Dt 12:7

17 The seeds are shriveled

beneath the clods.The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.S Isa 17:10-11

The storehouses are in ruins,

the granaries have been broken down,

for the grain has dried up.

18 How the cattle moan!

The herds mill about

because they have no pasture;S Ge 47:4

even the flocks of sheep are suffering.S Jer 9:10

19 To you, Lord, I call,Ps 50:15

for fireS Ps 97:3; Am 7:4 has devoured the pasturesS Jer 9:10 in the wilderness

and flames have burned up all the trees of the field.

20 Even the wild animals pant for you;S Ps 42:1; S 104:21

the streams of water have dried up1Ki 17:7

and fire has devoured the pasturesJoel 2:22 in the wilderness.

An Army of Locusts

Blow the trumpetS Nu 10:2, 7 in Zion;ver 15

sound the alarm on my holy hill.S Ex 15:17

Let all who live in the land tremble,

for the day of the LordS Joel 1:15; Zep 1:14-16 is coming.

It is close at handS Eze 12:23; S 30:3; Ob 1:15

a day of darknessver 10, 31; S Job 9:7; S Isa 8:22; S 13:10; Am 5:18 and gloom,S Eze 34:12; S Da 9:12; S Mt 24:21

a day of cloudsS Eze 38:9 and blackness.Zep 1:15; Rev 9:2

Like dawn spreading across the mountains

a large and mighty armyS Joel 1:6 comes,

such as never was in ancient timesJoel 1:2

nor ever will be in ages to come.

Before them fireS Ps 97:3; S Isa 1:31 devours,

behind them a flame blazes.

Before them the land is like the garden of Eden,S Ge 2:8

behind them, a desert wasteEx 10:12-15; Ps 105:34-35; S Isa 14:17

nothing escapes them.

They have the appearance of horses;Rev 9:7

they gallop along like cavalry.

With a noise like that of chariotsRev 9:9

they leap over the mountaintops,

like a crackling fireIsa 5:24; 30:30 consuming stubble,

like a mighty army drawn up for battle.

At the sight of them, nations are in anguish;S Isa 13:8

every face turns pale.S Isa 29:22

They charge like warriors;S Job 16:14

they scale walls like soldiers.

They all march in line,Pr 30:27

not swervingIsa 5:27 from their course.

They do not jostle each other;

each marches straight ahead.

They plunge through defenses

without breaking ranks.

They rush upon the city;

they run along the wall.

They climb into the houses;Ex 10:6

like thieves they enter through the windows.Jer 9:21

10 Before them the earth shakes,Ps 18:7; Na 1:5

the heavens tremble,S Eze 38:19

the sun and moon are darkened,S ver 2; S Isa 5:30; S Mt 24:29; Mk 13:24; Rev 9:2

and the stars no longer shine.S Job 9:7; S Ps 102:26; Isa 13:10; S Eze 32:8

11 The LordS Isa 2:12; S Eze 30:3; S Joel 1:15; Ob 1:15 thundersS Ps 29:3

at the head of his army;S ver 2, 25

his forces are beyond number,

and mighty is the army that obeys his command.

The day of the Lord is great;Zep 1:14

it is dreadful.

Who can endure it?S Eze 22:14; Zep 2:11; Rev 6:17

Rend Your Heart

12 “Even now,” declares the Lord,

“returnS Dt 4:30; S Eze 33:11; S Hos 12:6 to me with all your heart,S 1Sa 7:3

with fasting and weeping and mourning.”

13 Rend your heartPs 51:17; Isa 57:15

and not your garments.S Ge 37:29; S Nu 14:6; Job 1:20

ReturnS Isa 19:22 to the Lord your God,

for he is gracious and compassionate,S Dt 4:31

slow to anger and abounding in love,Ex 34:6; S Ps 86:5, 15

and he relents from sending calamity.S Jer 18:8; Jnh 4:2

14 Who knows? He may turnJer 26:3; Jnh 3:9 and relentAm 5:15; Jnh 1:6

and leave behind a blessingJer 31:14; Hag 2:19; Zec 8:13; Mal 3:10

grain offerings and drink offeringsS Joel 1:13

for the Lord your God.

15 Blow the trumpetS Nu 10:2 in Zion,ver 1

declare a holy fast,S 2Ch 20:3; Jer 36:9

call a sacred assembly.S Ex 32:5; Nu 10:3

16 Gather the people,

consecrateS Ex 19:10, 22 the assembly;

bring together the elders,Joel 1:2

gather the children,

those nursing at the breast.

Let the bridegroomPs 19:5 leave his room

and the bride her chamber.

17 Let the priests, who ministerJoel 1:13 before the Lord,

weepS Isa 22:12 between the portico and the altar.Eze 8:16; Mt 23:35

Let them say, “Spare your people, Lord.

Do not make your inheritance an object of scorn,Dt 9:26-29; Ps 44:13

a bywordS 1Ki 9:7; S Job 17:6 among the nations.

Why should they say among the peoples,

‘Where is their God?S Ps 42:3’”

The Lord’s Answer

18 Then the Lord was jealousS Isa 26:11; Zec 1:14; 8:2 for his land

and took pityS Ps 72:13 on his people.

19 The Lord repliedOr Lord will be jealous … / and take pity … / 19 The Lord will reply to them:

“I am sending you grain, new winePs 4:7 and olive oil,S Jer 31:12

enough to satisfy you fully;S Lev 26:5

never again will I make you

an object of scornS Eze 34:29 to the nations.

20 “I will drive the northern hordeJer 1:14-15 far from you,

pushing it into a parched and barren land;

its eastern ranks will drown in the Dead Sea

and its western ranks in the Mediterranean Sea.

And its stenchS Isa 34:3 will go up;

its smell will rise.”

Surely he has done great things!

21 Do not be afraid,S Isa 29:22; S 54:4; Zep 3:16-17 land of Judah;

be glad and rejoice.S Ps 9:2

Surely the Lord has done great things!S Ps 126:3; S Isa 25:1

22 Do not be afraid, you wild animals,

for the pastures in the wilderness are becoming green.S Ps 65:12

The trees are bearing their fruit;

the fig treeS 1Ki 4:25 and the vineS Nu 16:14 yield their riches.Joel 1:18-20; Zec 8:12

23 Be glad, people of Zion,

rejoicePs 33:21; 97:12; 149:2; Isa 12:6; 41:16; 66:14; Hab 3:18; Zec 10:7 in the Lord your God,

for he has given you the autumn rains

because he is faithful.S Isa 45:8

He sends you abundant showers,S Job 36:28; S Eze 34:26

both autumnPs 84:6 and spring rains,S Lev 26:4; S Ps 135:7; Jas 5:7 as before.

24 The threshing floors will be filled with grain;

the vats will overflowLev 26:10; Mal 3:10 with new wineS Pr 3:10; Joel 3:18; Am 9:13 and oil.

25 “I will repay you for the years the locustsS Ex 10:14; Am 4:9 have eatenS Dt 28:39

the great locust and the young locust,

the other locusts and the locust swarmThe precise meaning of the four Hebrew words used here for locusts is uncertain.

my great armyS Joel 1:6 that I sent among you.

26 You will have plenty to eat, until you are full,S Lev 26:5

and you will praiseS Lev 23:40; S Isa 62:9 the name of the Lord your God,

who has worked wondersS Ps 126:3; S Isa 25:1 for you;

never again will my people be shamed.S Isa 29:22

27 Then you will knowS Ex 6:7 that I am in Israel,

that I am the LordS Ex 6:2; S Isa 44:8; Joel 3:17 your God,

and that there is no other;

never again will my people be shamed.Isa 45:17; 54:4; Zep 3:11

The Day of the Lord

28 “And afterward,

I will pour out my SpiritS Isa 11:2; S 44:3 on all people.S Nu 11:17; S Mk 1:8; Gal 3:14

Your sons and daughters will prophesy,S 1Sa 19:20

your old men will dream dreams,Jer 23:25

your young men will see visions.

29 Even on my servants,1Co 12:13; Gal 3:28 both men and women,

I will pour out my Spirit in those days.S Eze 36:27

30 I will show wonders in the heavensLk 21:11

and on the earth,Mk 13:24-25

blood and fire and billows of smoke.

31 The sun will be turned to darknessS ver 2; S Isa 22:5; S Jer 4:23; S Mt 24:29

and the moon to blood

before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.S Joel 1:15; Ob 1:15; Mal 3:2; 4:1, 5

32 And everyone who calls

on the name of the LordS Ge 4:26; S Ps 105:1 will be saved;S Ps 106:8; Ac 2:17-21*; Ro 10:13*

for on Mount ZionS Isa 46:13 and in Jerusalem

there will be deliverance,Ob 1:17

as the Lord has said,

even among the survivorsS Isa 1:9; 11:11; Mic 4:7; 7:18; S Ro 9:27

whom the Lord calls.In Hebrew texts 2:28-32 is numbered 3:1-5.Ac 2:39

The Nations Judged

In Hebrew texts 3:1-21 is numbered 4:1-21.“In those days and at that time,

when I restore the fortunesS Dt 30:3; S Jer 16:15; S Eze 38:8; Zep 3:20 of JudahJer 40:5 and Jerusalem,

I will gatherZep 3:8 all nations

and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat.Jehoshaphat means the Lord judges; also in verse 12.ver 12; S Isa 22:1

There I will put them on trialS Isa 13:9; S Jer 2:35; S Eze 36:5

for what they did to my inheritance, my people Israel,

because they scatteredS Ge 11:4; S Lev 26:33 my people among the nations

and divided up my land.

They cast lotsS Job 6:27; S Eze 24:6 for my people

and traded boys for prostitutes;

they sold girls for wineJoel 1:5; Am 2:6 to drink.

“Now what have you against me, Tyre and SidonS Ge 10:15; S Mt 11:21 and all you regions of Philistia?S Ps 87:4; Isa 14:29-31; Jer 47:1-7 Are you repaying me for something I have done? If you are paying me back, I will swiftly and speedily return on your own heads what you have done.S Lev 26:28; S Isa 34:8; S Eze 25:15-17; Zec 9:5-7For you took my silver and my gold and carried off my finest treasures to your temples.Or palacesS 1Ki 15:18; S 2Ch 21:16-17You sold the people of Judah and Jerusalem to the Greeks,Eze 27:13; Zec 9:13 that you might send them far from their homeland.

“See, I am going to rouse them out of the places to which you sold them,S Isa 43:5-6; Jer 23:8 and I will returnS Isa 66:6 on your own heads what you have done.I will sell your sonsIsa 60:14 and daughters to the people of Judah,Isa 14:2 and they will sell them to the Sabeans,S Ge 10:7; S 2Ch 9:1 a nation far away.” The Lord has spoken.S Isa 23:1; S Jer 30:16

Proclaim this among the nations:

Prepare for war!S Isa 8:9

Rouse the warriors!Jer 46:4

Let all the fighting men draw near and attack.

10 Beat your plowshares into swords

and your pruning hooksIsa 2:4 into spears.S Nu 25:7

Let the weaklingZec 12:8 say,

“I am strong!”S Jos 1:6

11 Come quickly, all you nations from every side,

and assembleEze 38:15-16; Zep 3:8 there.

Bring down your warriors,S Isa 13:3 Lord!

12 “Let the nations be roused;

let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat,S ver 2

for there I will sit

to judgeS Ps 82:1; S Isa 2:4 all the nations on every side.

13 Swing the sickle,Mk 4:29

for the harvestS Isa 17:5; S Hos 6:11; Mt 13:39; Rev 14:15-19 is ripe.

Come, trample the grapes,S Jer 25:30

for the winepressS Jdg 6:11; S Rev 14:20 is full

and the vats overflow—

so great is their wickedness!”

14 Multitudes,Isa 13:4 multitudes

in the valleyS Isa 22:1 of decision!

For the day of the LordIsa 34:2-8; S Joel 1:15; S Zep 1:7 is near

in the valley of decision.S Isa 2:4; S Eze 36:5

15 The sun and moon will be darkened,

and the stars no longer shine.S Job 9:7; S Eze 32:7

16 The Lord will roarS Isa 42:13 from Zion

and thunder from Jerusalem;Am 1:2

the earth and the heavens will tremble.S Jdg 5:4; S Isa 14:16; S Eze 38:19

But the Lord will be a refugeS Ps 46:1; S Isa 25:4; Zec 12:8 for his people,

a strongholdS 2Sa 22:3; Jer 16:19; Zec 9:12 for the people of Israel.

Blessings for God’s People

17 “Then you will knowS Ex 6:7 that I, the Lord your God,S Joel 2:27

dwell in Zion,S Ps 74:2; S Isa 4:3 my holy hill.Ps 2:6; S Isa 2:2; S Eze 17:22

Jerusalem will be holy;S Jer 31:40

never again will foreigners invade her.S Isa 52:1; S Eze 44:9; Zec 9:8

18 “In that day the mountains will drip new wine,S Joel 2:24

and the hills will flow with milk;Ex 3:8; S SS 5:1

all the ravines of Judah will run with water.S Isa 30:25; 35:6; S 44:3

A fountain will flow out of the Lord’s houseRev 22:1-2

and will water the valley of acacias.Or Valley of ShittimS Nu 25:1; S Isa 25:6; S Jer 31:12; S Eze 47:1; Am 9:13

19 But EgyptS Isa 19:1 will be desolate,

EdomS Isa 11:14; S 34:11 a desert waste,

because of violenceS Jer 51:35; Ob 1:10 done to the people of Judah,

in whose land they shed innocent blood.

20 Judah will be inhabited foreverS Ezr 9:12; Am 9:15

and Jerusalem through all generations.

21 Shall I leave their innocent blood unavenged?S Isa 1:15

No, I will not.S Eze 36:25

The Lord dwells in Zion!S Ps 74:2; Isa 59:20; S Eze 48:35; Zec 8:3

The Lord gave this message to Joel son of Pethuel.

Mourning over the Locust Plague

Hear this, you leaders of the people.

Listen, all who live in the land.

In all your history,

has anything like this happened before?

Tell your children about it in the years to come,

and let your children tell their children.

Pass the story down from generation to generation.

After the cutting locusts finished eating the crops,

the swarming locusts took what was left!

After them came the hopping locusts,

and then the stripping locusts,The precise identification of the four kinds of locusts mentioned here is uncertain. too!

Wake up, you drunkards, and weep!

Wail, all you wine-drinkers!

All the grapes are ruined,

and all your sweet wine is gone.

A vast army of locustsHebrew A nation. has invaded my land,

a terrible army too numerous to count.

Its teeth are like lions’ teeth,

its fangs like those of a lioness.

It has destroyed my grapevines

and ruined my fig trees,

stripping their bark and destroying it,

leaving the branches white and bare.

Weep like a bride dressed in black,

mourning the death of her husband.

For there is no grain or wine

to offer at the Temple of the Lord.

So the priests are in mourning.

The ministers of the Lord are weeping.

10 The fields are ruined,

the land is stripped bare.

The grain is destroyed,

the grapes have shriveled,

and the olive oil is gone.

11 Despair, all you farmers!

Wail, all you vine growers!

Weep, because the wheat and barley—

all the crops of the field—are ruined.

12 The grapevines have dried up,

and the fig trees have withered.

The pomegranate trees, palm trees, and apple trees—

all the fruit trees—have dried up.

And the people’s joy has dried up with them.

13 Dress yourselves in burlap and weep, you priests!

Wail, you who serve before the altar!

Come, spend the night in burlap,

you ministers of my God.

For there is no grain or wine

to offer at the Temple of your God.

14 Announce a time of fasting;

call the people together for a solemn meeting.

Bring the leaders

and all the people of the land

into the Temple of the Lord your God,

and cry out to him there.

15 The day of the Lord is near,

the day when destruction comes from the Almighty.

How terrible that day will be!

16 Our food disappears before our very eyes.

No joyful celebrations are held in the house of our God.

17 The seeds die in the parched ground,

and the grain crops fail.

The barns stand empty,

and granaries are abandoned.

18 How the animals moan with hunger!

The herds of cattle wander about confused,

because they have no pasture.

The flocks of sheep and goats bleat in misery.

19 Lord, help us!

The fire has consumed the wilderness pastures,

and flames have burned up all the trees.

20 Even the wild animals cry out to you

because the streams have dried up,

and fire has consumed the wilderness pastures.

Locusts Invade like an Army

Sound the trumpet in JerusalemHebrew Zion; also in 2:15, 23.!

Raise the alarm on my holy mountain!

Let everyone tremble in fear

because the day of the Lord is upon us.

It is a day of darkness and gloom,

a day of thick clouds and deep blackness.

Suddenly, like dawn spreading across the mountains,

a great and mighty army appears.

Nothing like it has been seen before

or will ever be seen again.

Fire burns in front of them,

and flames follow after them.

Ahead of them the land lies

as beautiful as the Garden of Eden.

Behind them is nothing but desolation;

not one thing escapes.

They look like horses;

they charge forward like warhorses.Or like charioteers.

Look at them as they leap along the mountaintops.

Listen to the noise they make—like the rumbling of chariots,

like the roar of fire sweeping across a field of stubble,

or like a mighty army moving into battle.

Fear grips all the people;

every face grows pale with terror.

The attackers march like warriors

and scale city walls like soldiers.

Straight forward they march,

never breaking rank.

They never jostle each other;

each moves in exactly the right position.

They break through defenses

without missing a step.

They swarm over the city

and run along its walls.

They enter all the houses,

climbing like thieves through the windows.

10 The earth quakes as they advance,

and the heavens tremble.

The sun and moon grow dark,

and the stars no longer shine.

11 The Lord is at the head of the column.

He leads them with a shout.

This is his mighty army,

and they follow his orders.

The day of the Lord is an awesome, terrible thing.

Who can possibly survive?

A Call to Repentance

12 That is why the Lord says,

“Turn to me now, while there is time.

Give me your hearts.

Come with fasting, weeping, and mourning.

13 Don’t tear your clothing in your grief,

but tear your hearts instead.”

Return to the Lord your God,

for he is merciful and compassionate,

slow to get angry and filled with unfailing love.

He is eager to relent and not punish.

14 Who knows? Perhaps he will give you a reprieve,

sending you a blessing instead of this curse.

Perhaps you will be able to offer grain and wine

to the Lord your God as before.

15 Blow the ram’s horn in Jerusalem!

Announce a time of fasting;

call the people together

for a solemn meeting.

16 Gather all the people—

the elders, the children, and even the babies.

Call the bridegroom from his quarters

and the bride from her private room.

17 Let the priests, who minister in the Lord’s presence,

stand and weep between the entry room to the Temple and the altar.

Let them pray, “Spare your people, Lord!

Don’t let your special possession become an object of mockery.

Don’t let them become a joke for unbelieving foreigners who say,

‘Has the God of Israel left them?’”

The Lord’s Promise of Restoration

18 Then the Lord will pity his people

and jealously guard the honor of his land.

19 The Lord will reply,

“Look! I am sending you grain and new wine and olive oil,

enough to satisfy your needs.

You will no longer be an object of mockery

among the surrounding nations.

20 I will drive away these armies from the north.

I will send them into the parched wastelands.

Those in the front will be driven into the Dead Sea,

and those at the rear into the Mediterranean.Hebrew into the eastern sea, . . . into the western sea.

The stench of their rotting bodies will rise over the land.”

Surely the Lord has done great things!

21 Don’t be afraid, O land.

Be glad now and rejoice,

for the Lord has done great things.

22 Don’t be afraid, you animals of the field,

for the wilderness pastures will soon be green.

The trees will again be filled with fruit;

fig trees and grapevines will be loaded down once more.

23 Rejoice, you people of Jerusalem!

Rejoice in the Lord your God!

For the rain he sends demonstrates his faithfulness.

Once more the autumn rains will come,

as well as the rains of spring.

24 The threshing floors will again be piled high with grain,

and the presses will overflow with new wine and olive oil.

25 The Lord says, “I will give you back what you lost

to the swarming locusts, the hopping locusts,

the stripping locusts, and the cutting locusts.The precise identification of the four kinds of locusts mentioned here is uncertain.

It was I who sent this great destroying army against you.

26 Once again you will have all the food you want,

and you will praise the Lord your God,

who does these miracles for you.

Never again will my people be disgraced.

27 Then you will know that I am among my people Israel,

that I am the Lord your God, and there is no other.

Never again will my people be disgraced.

The Lord’s Promise of His Spirit

28 Verses 2:28-32 are numbered 3:1-5 in Hebrew text.“Then, after doing all those things,

I will pour out my Spirit upon all people.

Your sons and daughters will prophesy.

Your old men will dream dreams,

and your young men will see visions.

29 In those days I will pour out my Spirit

even on servants—men and women alike.

30 And I will cause wonders in the heavens and on the earth—

blood and fire and columns of smoke.

31 The sun will become dark,

and the moon will turn blood red

before that great and terribleGreek version reads glorious. day of the Lord arrives.

32 But everyone who calls on the name of the Lord

will be saved,

for some on Mount Zion in Jerusalem will escape,

just as the Lord has said.

These will be among the survivors

whom the Lord has called.

Judgment against Enemy Nations

Verses 3:1-21 are numbered 4:1-21 in Hebrew text.“At the time of those events,” says the Lord,

“when I restore the prosperity of Judah and Jerusalem,

I will gather the armies of the world

into the valley of Jehoshaphat.Jehoshaphat means “the Lord judges.”

There I will judge them

for harming my people, my special possession,

for scattering my people among the nations,

and for dividing up my land.

They threw diceHebrew They cast lots. to decide which of my people

would be their slaves.

They traded boys to obtain prostitutes

and sold girls for enough wine to get drunk.

“What do you have against me, Tyre and Sidon and you cities of Philistia? Are you trying to take revenge on me? If you are, then watch out! I will strike swiftly and pay you back for everything you have done.You have taken my silver and gold and all my precious treasures, and have carried them off to your pagan temples.You have sold the people of Judah and Jerusalem to the Greeks,Hebrew to the peoples of Javan. so they could take them far from their homeland.

“But I will bring them back from all the places to which you sold them, and I will pay you back for everything you have done.I will sell your sons and daughters to the people of Judah, and they will sell them to the people of Arabia,Hebrew to the Sabeans. a nation far away. I, the Lord, have spoken!”

Say to the nations far and wide:

“Get ready for war!

Call out your best warriors.

Let all your fighting men advance for the attack.

10 Hammer your plowshares into swords

and your pruning hooks into spears.

Train even your weaklings to be warriors.

11 Come quickly, all you nations everywhere.

Gather together in the valley.”

And now, O Lord, call out your warriors!

12 “Let the nations be called to arms.

Let them march to the valley of Jehoshaphat.

There I, the Lord, will sit

to pronounce judgment on them all.

13 Swing the sickle,

for the harvest is ripe.Greek version reads for the harvest time has come. Compare Mark 4:29.

Come, tread the grapes,

for the winepress is full.

The storage vats are overflowing

with the wickedness of these people.”

14 Thousands upon thousands are waiting in the valley of decision.

There the day of the Lord will soon arrive.

15 The sun and moon will grow dark,

and the stars will no longer shine.

16 The Lord’s voice will roar from Zion

and thunder from Jerusalem,

and the heavens and the earth will shake.

But the Lord will be a refuge for his people,

a strong fortress for the people of Israel.

Blessings for God’s People

17 “Then you will know that I, the Lord your God,

live in Zion, my holy mountain.

Jerusalem will be holy forever,

and foreign armies will never conquer her again.

18 In that day the mountains will drip with sweet wine,

and the hills will flow with milk.

Water will fill the streambeds of Judah,

and a fountain will burst forth from the Lord’s Temple,

watering the arid valley of acacias.Hebrew valley of Shittim.

19 But Egypt will become a wasteland

and Edom will become a wilderness,

because they attacked the people of Judah

and killed innocent people in their land.

20 “But Judah will be filled with people forever,

and Jerusalem will endure through all generations.

21 I will pardon my people’s crimes,

which I have not yet pardoned;

and I, the Lord, will make my home

in JerusalemHebrew Zion. with my people.”

The word of the Lord that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, or even in the days of your fathers?

Tell ye your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation.

That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten.

Awake, ye drunkards, and weep; and howl, all ye drinkers of wine, because of the new wine; for it is cut off from your mouth.

For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.

He hath laid my vine waste, and barked my fig tree: he hath made it clean bare, and cast it away; the branches thereof are made white.

Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth for the husband of her youth.

The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of the Lord; the priests, the Lord's ministers, mourn.

10 The field is wasted, the land mourneth; for the corn is wasted: the new wine is dried up, the oil languisheth.

11 Be ye ashamed, O ye husbandmen; howl, O ye vinedressers, for the wheat and for the barley; because the harvest of the field is perished.

12 The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, even all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.

13 Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.

14 Sanctify ye a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land into the house of the Lord your God, and cry unto the Lord,

15 Alas for the day! for the day of the Lord is at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come.

16 Is not the meat cut off before our eyes, yea, joy and gladness from the house of our God?

17 The seed is rotten under their clods, the garners are laid desolate, the barns are broken down; for the corn is withered.

18 How do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have no pasture; yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate.

19 O Lord, to thee will I cry: for the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and the flame hath burned all the trees of the field.

20 The beasts of the field cry also unto thee: for the rivers of waters are dried up, and the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness.

Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the Lord cometh, for it is nigh at hand;

A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of many generations.

A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.

The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so shall they run.

Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array.

Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall gather blackness.

They shall run like mighty men; they shall climb the wall like men of war; and they shall march every one on his ways, and they shall not break their ranks:

Neither shall one thrust another; they shall walk every one in his path: and when they fall upon the sword, they shall not be wounded.

They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run upon the wall, they shall climb up upon the houses; they shall enter in at the windows like a thief.

10 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:

11 And the Lord shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word: for the day of the Lord is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?

12 Therefore also now, saith the Lord, turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:

13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.

14 Who knoweth if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; even a meat offering and a drink offering unto the Lord your God?

15 Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly:

16 Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.

17 Let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare thy people, O Lord, and give not thine heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should they say among the people, Where is their God?

18 Then will the Lord be jealous for his land, and pity his people.

19 Yea, the Lord will answer and say unto his people, Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, and ye shall be satisfied therewith: and I will no more make you a reproach among the heathen:

20 But I will remove far off from you the northern army, and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.

21 Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice: for the Lord will do great things.

22 Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth her fruit, the fig tree and the vine do yield their strength.

23 Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the Lord your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month.

24 And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the vats shall overflow with wine and oil.

25 And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpiller, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you.

26 And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the Lord your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.

27 And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the Lord your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.

28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.

31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord come.

32 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the Lord hath said, and in the remnant whom the Lord shall call.

For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem,

I will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my people and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations, and parted my land.

And they have cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they might drink.

Yea, and what have ye to do with me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine? will ye render me a recompence? and if ye recompense me, swiftly and speedily will I return your recompence upon your own head;

Because ye have taken my silver and my gold, and have carried into your temples my goodly pleasant things:

The children also of Judah and the children of Jerusalem have ye sold unto the Grecians, that ye might remove them far from their border.

Behold, I will raise them out of the place whither ye have sold them, and will return your recompence upon your own head:

And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the Lord hath spoken it.

Proclaim ye this among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up:

10 Beat your plowshares into swords and your pruninghooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong.

11 Assemble yourselves, and come, all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together round about: thither cause thy mighty ones to come down, O Lord.

12 Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.

13 Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

14 Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision.

15 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.

16 The Lord also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the Lord will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.

17 So shall ye know that I am the Lord your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more.

18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth out of the house of the Lord, and shall water the valley of Shittim.

19 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land.

20 But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.

21 For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for the Lord dwelleth in Zion.

Revelation 1:1-20

Prologue

The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gaveJn 12:49; 17:8 him to show his servants what must soon take place.ver 19; Da 2:28, 29; Rev 22:6 He made it known by sending his angelRev 22:16 to his servant John,ver 4, 9; Rev 22:8who testifies to everything he saw—that is, the word of Godver 9; S Heb 4:12 and the testimony of Jesus Christ.ver 9; 1Co 1:6; Rev 6:9; 12:17; 19:10Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it,Lk 11:28; Rev 22:7 because the time is near.S Ro 13:11

Greetings and Doxology

John,

To the seven churchesver 11, 20 in the province of Asia:

Grace and peace to youS Ro 1:7 from him who is, and who was, and who is to come,ver 8; Rev 4:8; 11:17; 16:5 and from the seven spiritsThat is, the sevenfold SpiritIsa 11:2; Rev 3:1; 4:5; 5:6 before his throne,and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness,Isa 55:4; Jn 18:37; Rev 3:14 the firstborn from the dead,Ps 89:27; Col 1:18 and the ruler of the kings of the earth.S 1Ti 6:15

To him who loves usS Ro 8:37 and has freed us from our sins by his blood,S Ro 3:25and has made us to be a kingdom and priestsS 1Pe 2:5; Rev 5:10; 20:6 to serve his God and FatherRo 15:6—to him be glory and power for ever and ever! Amen.S Ro 11:36

“Look, he is coming with the clouds,”Daniel 7:13Da 7:13; S Mt 16:27; 24:30; 26:64; S Lk 17:30; S 1Co 1:7; S 1Th 2:19; 4:16, 17

and “every eye will see him,

even those who pierced him”;Jn 19:34, 37

and all peoples on earth “will mournZec 12:10; Mt 24:30 because of him.”Zech. 12:10

So shall it be! Amen.

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,”S ver 17; Rev 21:6; 22:13 says the Lord God, “who is, and who was, and who is to come,S ver 4 the Almighty.”Rev 4:8; 15:3; 19:6

John’s Vision of Christ

I, John,ver 1 your brother and companion in the sufferingS Ac 14:22; 2Co 1:7; Php 4:14 and kingdomver 6 and patient endurance2Ti 2:12 that are ours in Jesus, was on the island of Patmos because of the word of Godver 2; S Heb 4:12 and the testimony of Jesus.S ver 210 On the Lord’s DayAc 20:7 I was in the Spirit,Rev 4:2; 17:3; 21:10 and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,Ex 20:18; Rev 4:111 which said: “Write on a scroll what you seever 19 and send it to the seven churches:ver 4, 20 to Ephesus,S Ac 18:19 Smyrna,Rev 2:8 Pergamum,Rev 2:12 Thyatira,Ac 16:14; Rev 2:18, 24 Sardis,Rev 3:1 PhiladelphiaRev 3:7 and Laodicea.”S Col 2:1; Rev 3:14

12 I turned around to see the voice that was speaking to me. And when I turned I saw seven golden lampstands,ver 20; Ex 25:31-40; Zec 4:2; Rev 2:113 and among the lampstandsRev 2:1 was someone like a son of man,See Daniel 7:13.Eze 1:26; Da 7:13; 10:16; Rev 14:14 dressed in a robe reaching down to his feetIsa 6:1 and with a golden sash around his chest.Da 10:5; Rev 15:614 The hair on his head was white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire.Da 7:9; 10:6; Rev 2:18; 19:1215 His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace,Eze 1:7; Da 10:6; Rev 2:18 and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters.Eze 43:2; Rev 14:2; 19:616 In his right hand he held seven stars,ver 20; Rev 2:1; 3:1 and coming out of his mouth was a sharp, double-edged sword.Isa 1:20; 49:2; Heb 4:12; Rev 2:12, 16; 19:15, 21 His face was like the sunJdg 5:31; Mt 17:2 shining in all its brilliance.

17 When I saw him, I fell at his feetEze 1:28; Da 8:17, 18 as though dead. Then he placed his right hand on meDa 8:18 and said: “Do not be afraid.S Mt 14:27 I am the First and the Last.Isa 41:4; 44:6; 48:12; Rev 2:8; 22:1318 I am the Living One; I was dead,Ro 6:9; Rev 2:8 and now look, I am alive for ever and ever!Dt 32:40; Da 4:34; 12:7; Rev 4:9, 10; 10:6; 15:7 And I hold the keys of death and Hades.Rev 9:1; 20:1

19 “Write, therefore, what you have seen,ver 11; Hab 2:2 what is now and what will take place later.20 The mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right handS ver 16 and of the seven golden lampstandsS ver 12 is this: The seven stars are the angelsOr messengers of the seven churches,ver 4, 11 and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.Mt 5:14, 15

Prologue

This is a revelation fromOr of. Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants the events that must soonOr suddenly, or quickly. take place. He sent an angel to present this revelation to his servant John,who faithfully reported everything he saw. This is his report of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ.

God blesses the one who reads the words of this prophecy to the church, and he blesses all who listen to its message and obey what it says, for the time is near.

John’s Greeting to the Seven Churches

This letter is from John to the seven churches in the province of Asia.Asia was a Roman province in what is now western Turkey.

Grace and peace to you from the one who is, who always was, and who is still to come; from the sevenfold SpiritGreek the seven spirits. before his throne;and from Jesus Christ. He is the faithful witness to these things, the first to rise from the dead, and the ruler of all the kings of the world.

All glory to him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by shedding his blood for us.He has made us a Kingdom of priests for God his Father. All glory and power to him forever and ever! Amen.

Look! He comes with the clouds of heaven.

And everyone will see him—

even those who pierced him.

And all the nations of the world

will mourn for him.

Yes! Amen!

“I am the Alpha and the Omega—the beginning and the end,”Greek I am the Alpha and the Omega, referring to the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. says the Lord God. “I am the one who is, who always was, and who is still to come—the Almighty One.”

Vision of the Son of Man

I, John, am your brother and your partner in suffering and in God’s Kingdom and in the patient endurance to which Jesus calls us. I was exiled to the island of Patmos for preaching the word of God and for my testimony about Jesus.10 It was the Lord’s Day, and I was worshiping in the Spirit.Or in spirit. Suddenly, I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet blast.11 It said, “Write in a bookOr on a scroll. everything you see, and send it to the seven churches in the cities of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.”

12 When I turned to see who was speaking to me, I saw seven gold lampstands.13 And standing in the middle of the lampstands was someone like the Son of Man.Or like a son of man. See Dan 7:13. “Son of Man” is a title Jesus used for himself. He was wearing a long robe with a gold sash across his chest.14 His head and his hair were white like wool, as white as snow. And his eyes were like flames of fire.15 His feet were like polished bronze refined in a furnace, and his voice thundered like mighty ocean waves.16 He held seven stars in his right hand, and a sharp two-edged sword came from his mouth. And his face was like the sun in all its brilliance.

17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as if I were dead. But he laid his right hand on me and said, “Don’t be afraid! I am the First and the Last.18 I am the living one. I died, but look—I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and the grave.Greek and Hades.

19 “Write down what you have seen—both the things that are now happening and the things that will happen.Or what you have seen and what they mean—the things that have already begun to happen.20 This is the meaning of the mystery of the seven stars you saw in my right hand and the seven gold lampstands: The seven stars are the angelsOr the messengers. of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.

The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:

Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.

Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.

John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.

10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,

11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;

13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.

14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;

15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.

16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.

17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:

18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

Psalm 128:1-6

Psalm 128

A song of ascents.

Blessed are all who fear the Lord,Ps 103:11; S 112:1

who walk in obedience to him.Ps 119:1-3

You will eat the fruit of your labor;S Ps 58:11; 109:11; Isa 3:10

blessings and prosperityS Ge 39:3; Pr 10:22 will be yours.

Your wife will be like a fruitful vineS Ge 49:22

within your house;

your childrenS Job 29:5 will be like olive shootsPs 52:8; 144:12

around your table.

Yes, this will be the blessingS Ps 1:1

for the man who fears the Lord.Ps 112:1

May the Lord bless you from Zion;S Ps 20:2

may you see the prosperity of JerusalemPs 122:9

all the days of your life.

May you live to see your children’s children—S Ge 48:11

peace be on Israel.S Ps 125:5

Psalm 128

A song for pilgrims ascending to Jerusalem.

How joyful are those who fear the Lord

all who follow his ways!

You will enjoy the fruit of your labor.

How joyful and prosperous you will be!

Your wife will be like a fruitful grapevine,

flourishing within your home.

Your children will be like vigorous young olive trees

as they sit around your table.

That is the Lord’s blessing

for those who fear him.

May the Lord continually bless you from Zion.

May you see Jerusalem prosper as long as you live.

May you live to enjoy your grandchildren.

May Israel have peace!

128 Blessed is every one that feareth the Lord; that walketh in his ways.

For thou shalt eat the labour of thine hands: happy shalt thou be, and it shall be well with thee.

Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine by the sides of thine house: thy children like olive plants round about thy table.

Behold, that thus shall the man be blessed that feareth the Lord.

The Lord shall bless thee out of Zion: and thou shalt see the good of Jerusalem all the days of thy life.

Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, and peace upon Israel.

Proverbs 29:18

18 Where there is no revelation, people cast off restraint;

but blessed is the one who heeds wisdom’s instruction.Ps 1:1-2; 19:11; 119:1-2

18 When people do not accept divine guidance, they run wild.

But whoever obeys the law is joyful.

18 Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he.

Dec 8 Dec 10
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