Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Two options are available in God's kingdom program: Get with the program, or get run over by the program! The Lord is long-suffering, patient, and kind, but the end result of a willful rebellion against Him is destruction.

The contrast between Pharaoh and Moses is an exact picture of Jesus' parable in Matthew 21:44. Pharaoh was a powerful, proud, and self-centered leader whose iron will is well documented in biblical history, but Moses was a broken man. Moses was the meekest man on earth-one who had been tamed by his many years of humble service with sheep. He had tried to deliver Israel by himself, yet failed. Failure brought brokenness, and brokenness brought meekness.

Pharaoh, on the other hand, refused to be broken before God. He repeatedly hardened his heart and was eventually led into the waters of the Red Sea. There he was crushed by the falling stone of God's justice. Break or be broken was the choice, and Pharaoh unwisely chose the latter. As the bodies of dead soldiers washed upon the sand, the message was clear: "The Lord will reign forever and ever!" (Exodus 15:18).

Exodus 13:17-15:18

Crossing the Sea

17 When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them on the road through the Philistine country, though that was shorter. For God said, “If they face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt.”Ex 14:11; Nu 14:1-4; Dt 17:16; Hos 11:518 So God ledEx 15:22; Ps 136:16; Eze 20:10 the people around by the desert road toward the Red Sea.Or the Sea of Reeds The Israelites went up out of Egypt ready for battle.Jos 1:14; 4:13

19 Moses took the bones of JosephJos 24:32; Ac 7:16; Heb 11:22 with him because Joseph had made the Israelites swear an oath. He had said, “God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you from this place.”See Gen. 50:25.S Ge 47:29-30

20 After leaving SukkothS Ex 12:37 they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert.Nu 33:621 By day the Lord went aheadEx 32:1; 33:14; Dt 2:7; 31:8; Jdg 4:14; 5:4; Ps 68:7; 77:20; Jer 2:2; Hab 3:13 of them in a pillar of cloudEx 14:19, 24; 24:16; 33:9-10; 34:5; 40:38; Nu 9:16; 12:5; 14:14; Dt 1:33; Ne 9:12, 19; Ps 78:14; 99:7; 105:39; Isa 4:5; 1Co 10:1 to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night.22 Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night leftNe 9:19 its place in front of the people.

14 Then the Lord said to Moses,“Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth, between MigdolNu 33:7; Jer 44:1; Eze 29:10 and the sea. They are to encamp by the sea, directly opposite Baal Zephon.ver 9Pharaoh will think, ‘The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion, hemmed in by the desert.’And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart,S Ex 4:21 and he will pursue them.ver 8, 17, 23; Ps 71:11 But I will gain gloryS Ex 9:16; Ro 9:17, 22-23 for myself through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord.”S Ex 6:2; Eze 32:15 So the Israelites did this.

When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled,S Ge 31:21 Pharaoh and his officials changed their mindsPs 105:25 about them and said, “What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!”So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him.He took six hundred of the best chariots,Ex 15:4 along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.The Lord hardened the heartS Ex 11:10 of Pharaoh king of Egypt, so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out boldly.Nu 33:3; Ac 13:17The Egyptians—all Pharaoh’s horsesGe 47:17 and chariots, horsemenOr charioteers; also in verses 17, 18, 23, 26 and 28 and troopsver 6-7, 25; Jos 24:6; Isa 43:17—pursued the Israelites and overtookEx 15:9 them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.ver 2

10 As Pharaoh approached, the Israelites looked up, and there were the Egyptians, marching after them. They were terrified and criedEx 15:25; Jos 24:7; Ne 9:9; Ps 5:2; 34:17; 50:15; 107:6, 28 out to the Lord.11 They said to Moses, “Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die?S Ex 5:21; 16:3; 17:3; Nu 11:1; 14:22; 20:4; 21:5; Dt 9:7 What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt?12 Didn’t we say to you in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians’? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!”S Ex 5:21; 15:24; 17:2; Ps 106:7-8

13 Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid.S Ge 15:1 Stand firm and you will see1Sa 12:16; 2Ch 20:17 the deliverance the Lord will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never seever 30 again.14 The Lord will fightver 25; Ex 15:3; Dt 1:30; 3:22; 20:4; Jos 10:14; 23:3, 10; 2Sa 5:24; 2Ch 20:29; Ne 4:20; Ps 24:8; 35:1; Isa 42:13; Jer 41:12 for you; you need only to be still.”1Sa 12:16; Ps 37:7; 46:10; 116:7; Isa 28:12; 30:15; Zec 2:13

15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me?Jos 7:10 Tell the Israelites to move on.16 Raise your staffS Ex 4:2 and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the waterver 27; Isa 10:26 so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground.17 I will harden the heartsEx 4:21 of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them.S ver 4 And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen.18 The Egyptians will know that I am the LordS Ex 6:2; Eze 32:15 when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen.”

19 Then the angel of God,S Ge 16:7; Isa 63:9 who had been traveling in front of Israel’s army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloudS Ex 13:21; 1Co 10:1 also moved from in front and stood behindIsa 26:7; 42:16; 49:10; 52:12; 58:8 them,20 coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darknessJos 24:7 to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long.

21 Then Moses stretched out his handS Ex 7:19 over the sea,S Ex 4:2; Job 26:12; Isa 14:27; 23:11; 51:15; Jer 31:35; Ac 7:36 and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong east windS Ge 41:6; Ex 15:8; 2Sa 22:16; 1Ki 19:11; Job 38:1; 40:6; Jer 23:19; Na 1:3 and turned it into dry land.S ver 22; S Ge 8:1 The waters were divided,2Ki 2:8; Ps 74:13; 78:13; 114:5; 136:13; Isa 63:1222 and the Israelites went through the seaver 16; Nu 33:8; Jos 24:6; Isa 43:16; 63:11; 1Co 10:1 on dry ground,ver 21, 29; S Ex 3:12; 15:19; Dt 31:6-8; Jos 3:16, 17; 4:22; Ne 9:11; Ps 66:6; 77:19; 106:9; Isa 11:15; 41:10; 43:5; 44:27; 50:2; 51:10; 63:13; Jer 46:28; Na 1:4; Heb 11:29 with a wallEx 15:8; Jos 3:13; Ps 78:13 of water on their right and on their left.

23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemenver 7 followed them into the sea.24 During the last watch of the night the Lord looked down from the pillar of fire and cloudS Ex 13:21; 1Co 10:1 at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion.Ex 23:27; Jos 10:10; 1Sa 5:9; 7:10; 14:15; 2Sa 5:24; 2Ki 7:6; 19:725 He jammedSee Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text removed the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, “Let’s get away from the Israelites! The Lord is fightingS ver 14 for them against Egypt.”S ver 9; Dt 32:31; 1Sa 2:2; 4:8

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.”27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place.Jos 4:18 The Egyptians were fleeing towardOr from it, and the Lord swept them into the sea.ver 28; Ex 15:1, 21; Dt 1:40; 2:1; 11:4; Ps 78:53; 106:11; 136:15; Heb 11:2928 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen—the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea.ver 23; Ex 15:19; Jos 24:7 Not one of them survived.S ver 27; Ex 15:5; Jdg 4:16; Ne 9:11

29 But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground,ver 21, S 22; Jos 24:11; 2Ki 2:8; Ps 74:15 with a wallPs 78:13 of water on their right and on their left.30 That day the Lord savedver 29; 1Sa 14:23; 1Ch 11:14; Ps 44:7; 106:8, 10, 21; Isa 43:3; 50:2; 51:9-10; 60:16; 63:8, 11 Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore.31 And when the Israelites saw the mighty handS Ex 9:16; Ps 147:5 of the Lord displayed against the Egyptians, the people fearedEx 20:18; Dt 31:13; Jos 4:24; 1Sa 12:18; Ps 76:7; 112:1 the Lord and put their trustS Ex 4:5; Ps 22:4; 40:3; 106:12; Jn 2:11; 11:45 in him and in Moses his servant.

The Song of Moses and Miriam

15 Then Moses and the Israelites sang this songNu 21:17; Jdg 5:1; 2Sa 22:1; 1Ch 16:9; Job 36:24; Ps 59:16; 105:2; Rev 15:3 to the Lord:

“I will singJdg 5:3; Ps 13:6; 21:13; 27:6; 61:8; 104:33; 106:12; Isa 12:5, 6; 42:10; 44:23 to the Lord,

for he is highly exalted.

Both horse and driverDt 11:4; Ps 76:6; Jer 51:21

he has hurled into the sea.S Ex 14:27

“The Lord is my strengthPs 18:1; 59:17 and my defenseOr song;

he has become my salvation.S Ge 45:7; Ex 14:13; Ps 18:2, 46; 25:5; 27:1; 62:2; 118:14; Isa 12:2; 33:2; Jnh 2:9; Hab 3:18

He is my God,S Ge 28:21 and I will praise him,

my father’s God, and I will exaltDt 10:21; 2Sa 22:47; Ps 22:3; 30:1; 34:3; 35:27; 99:5; 103:19; 107:32; 108:5; 109:1; 118:28; 145:11; 148:14; Isa 24:15; 25:1; Jer 17:14; Da 4:37 him.

The Lord is a warrior;S Ex 14:14; Rev 19:11

the Lord is his name.S Ex 3:15

Pharaoh’s chariots and his armyEx 14:6-7; Jer 51:21

he has hurled into the sea.

The best of Pharaoh’s officers

are drowned in the Red Sea.Or the Sea of Reeds; also in verse 22

The deep watersS Ex 14:28 have covered them;

they sank to the depths like a stone.ver 10; Ne 9:11

Your right hand,Ps 16:11; 17:7; 21:8; 63:8; 74:11; 77:10; 89:13; 98:1; 118:15; 138:7 Lord,

was majestic in power.

Your right hand,S Ex 3:20; S Job 40:14 Lord,

shatteredNu 24:8; 1Sa 2:10; Ps 2:9 the enemy.

“In the greatness of your majestyDt 33:26; Ps 150:2

you threw down those who opposed you.

You unleashed your burning anger;Ps 2:5; 78:49-50; Jer 12:13; 25:38

it consumedEx 24:17; Dt 4:24; 9:3; Ps 18:8; 59:13; Heb 12:29 them like stubble.

By the blast of your nostrilsS Ex 14:21; Ps 18:15

the waters piled up.Jos 3:13; Ps 78:13; Isa 43:16

The surging waters stood up like a wall;S Ex 14:22

the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.Ps 46:2

The enemy boasted,

‘I will pursue,Ex 14:5-9; Dt 28:45; Ps 7:5; La 1:3 I will overtake them.

I will divide the spoils;Jdg 5:30; Isa 9:3; 53:12; Lk 11:22

I will gorge myself on them.

I will draw my sword

and my hand will destroy them.’

10 But you blew with your breath,Job 4:9; 15:30; Isa 11:4; 30:33; 40:7

and the sea covered them.

They sank like lead

in the mighty waters.ver 5; Ne 9:11; Ps 29:3; 32:6; 77:19

11 Who among the gods

is like you,S Ex 8:10; Ps 77:13; S Isa 46:5 Lord?

Who is like you—

majestic in holiness,Lev 19:2; 1Sa 2:2; 1Ch 16:29; Ps 99:3; 110:3; Isa 6:3; Rev 4:8

awesome in glory,S Ex 14:4; Ps 4:2; 8:1; 26:8; Isa 35:2; 40:5

working wonders?S Ex 3:20

12 “You stretch outS Ex 7:5 your right hand,

and the earth swallows your enemies.Nu 16:32; 26:10; Dt 11:6; Ps 106:17

13 In your unfailing love you will leadNe 9:12; Ps 77:20

the people you have redeemed.S Ex 6:6; Job 33:28; Ps 71:23; 106:10; Isa 1:27; 41:14; 43:14; 44:22-24; 51:10; 63:9; Tit 2:14

In your strength you will guide them

to your holy dwelling.ver 17; Ps 68:16; 76:2; 78:54

14 The nations will hear and tremble;ver 16; Ex 23:27; Dt 2:25; Jos 2:9; 5:1; 9:24; 1Sa 4:7; Est 8:17; Ps 48:6; 96:9; 99:1; 114:7; Eze 38:20

anguishIsa 13:8 will grip the people of Philistia.Ps 83:7

15 The chiefsS Ge 36:15 of EdomDt 2:4 will be terrified,

the leaders of Moab will be seized with trembling,Nu 22:3; Ps 114:7

the peopleOr rulers of Canaan will meltJos 2:9, 24 away;

16 terrorS ver 14; S Ge 35:5 and dread will fall on them.

By the power of your arm

they will be as still as a stone1Sa 25:37

until your people pass by, Lord,

until the people you boughtOr createdPs 74:2; 2Pe 2:1 pass by.Dt 2:4

17 You will bringEx 23:20; 32:34; 33:12 them in and plant2Sa 7:10; Ps 44:2; 80:8, 15; Isa 5:2; 60:21; Jer 2:21; 11:17; 24:6; Am 9:15 them

on the mountainDt 33:19; Ps 2:6; 3:4; 15:1; 78:54, 68; 133:3; Da 9:16; Joel 2:1; Ob 1:16; Zep 3:11 of your inheritance—

the place, Lord, you made for your dwelling,S ver 13; Ps 132:13-14

the sanctuary,Ps 78:69; 114:2 Lord, your hands established.

18 “The Lord reigns

for ever and ever.”S Ge 21:33; Ps 9:7; 29:10; 55:19; 66:7; 80:1; 102:12; 145:13; La 5:19

Israel’s Wilderness Detour

17 When Pharaoh finally let the people go, God did not lead them along the main road that runs through Philistine territory, even though that was the shortest route to the Promised Land. God said, “If the people are faced with a battle, they might change their minds and return to Egypt.”18 So God led them in a roundabout way through the wilderness toward the Red Sea.Hebrew sea of reeds. Thus the Israelites left Egypt like an army ready for battle.Greek version reads left Egypt in the fifth generation.

19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph had made the sons of Israel swear to do this. He said, “God will certainly come to help you. When he does, you must take my bones with you from this place.”

20 The Israelites left Succoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness.21 The Lord went ahead of them. He guided them during the day with a pillar of cloud, and he provided light at night with a pillar of fire. This allowed them to travel by day or by night.22 And the Lord did not remove the pillar of cloud or pillar of fire from its place in front of the people.

14 Then the Lord gave these instructions to Moses:“Order the Israelites to turn back and camp by Pi-hahiroth between Migdol and the sea. Camp there along the shore, across from Baal-zephon.Then Pharaoh will think, ‘The Israelites are confused. They are trapped in the wilderness!’And once again I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after you.Hebrew after them. I have planned this in order to display my glory through Pharaoh and his whole army. After this the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord!” So the Israelites camped there as they were told.

The Egyptians Pursue Israel

When word reached the king of Egypt that the Israelites had fled, Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds. “What have we done, letting all those Israelite slaves get away?” they asked.So Pharaoh harnessed his chariot and called up his troops.He took with him 600 of Egypt’s best chariots, along with the rest of the chariots of Egypt, each with its commander.The Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, so he chased after the people of Israel, who had left with fists raised in defiance.The Egyptians chased after them with all the forces in Pharaoh’s army—all his horses and chariots, his charioteers, and his troops. The Egyptians caught up with the people of Israel as they were camped beside the shore near Pi-hahiroth, across from Baal-zephon.

10 As Pharaoh approached, the people of Israel looked up and panicked when they saw the Egyptians overtaking them. They cried out to the Lord,11 and they said to Moses, “Why did you bring us out here to die in the wilderness? Weren’t there enough graves for us in Egypt? What have you done to us? Why did you make us leave Egypt?12 Didn’t we tell you this would happen while we were still in Egypt? We said, ‘Leave us alone! Let us be slaves to the Egyptians. It’s better to be a slave in Egypt than a corpse in the wilderness!’”

13 But Moses told the people, “Don’t be afraid. Just stand still and watch the Lord rescue you today. The Egyptians you see today will never be seen again.14 The Lord himself will fight for you. Just stay calm.”

Escape through the Red Sea

15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me? Tell the people to get moving!16 Pick up your staff and raise your hand over the sea. Divide the water so the Israelites can walk through the middle of the sea on dry ground.17 And I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they will charge in after the Israelites. My great glory will be displayed through Pharaoh and his troops, his chariots, and his charioteers.18 When my glory is displayed through them, all Egypt will see my glory and know that I am the Lord!”

19 Then the angel of God, who had been leading the people of Israel, moved to the rear of the camp. The pillar of cloud also moved from the front and stood behind them.20 The cloud settled between the Egyptian and Israelite camps. As darkness fell, the cloud turned to fire, lighting up the night. But the Egyptians and Israelites did not approach each other all night.

21 Then Moses raised his hand over the sea, and the Lord opened up a path through the water with a strong east wind. The wind blew all that night, turning the seabed into dry land.22 So the people of Israel walked through the middle of the sea on dry ground, with walls of water on each side!

23 Then the Egyptians—all of Pharaoh’s horses, chariots, and charioteers—chased them into the middle of the sea.24 But just before dawn the Lord looked down on the Egyptian army from the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw their forces into total confusion.25 He twistedAs in Greek version, Samaritan Pentateuch, and Syriac version; Hebrew reads He removed. their chariot wheels, making their chariots difficult to drive. “Let’s get out of here—away from these Israelites!” the Egyptians shouted. “The Lord is fighting for them against Egypt!”

26 When all the Israelites had reached the other side, the Lord said to Moses, “Raise your hand over the sea again. Then the waters will rush back and cover the Egyptians and their chariots and charioteers.”27 So as the sun began to rise, Moses raised his hand over the sea, and the water rushed back into its usual place. The Egyptians tried to escape, but the Lord swept them into the sea.28 Then the waters returned and covered all the chariots and charioteers—the entire army of Pharaoh. Of all the Egyptians who had chased the Israelites into the sea, not a single one survived.

29 But the people of Israel had walked through the middle of the sea on dry ground, as the water stood up like a wall on both sides.30 That is how the Lord rescued Israel from the hand of the Egyptians that day. And the Israelites saw the bodies of the Egyptians washed up on the seashore.31 When the people of Israel saw the mighty power that the Lord had unleashed against the Egyptians, they were filled with awe before him. They put their faith in the Lord and in his servant Moses.

A Song of Deliverance

15 Then Moses and the people of Israel sang this song to the Lord:

“I will sing to the Lord,

for he has triumphed gloriously;

he has hurled both horse and rider

into the sea.

The Lord is my strength and my song;

he has given me victory.

This is my God, and I will praise him—

my father’s God, and I will exalt him!

The Lord is a warrior;

YahwehYahweh is a transliteration of the proper name YHWH that is sometimes rendered “Jehovah”; in this translation it is usually rendered “the Lord” (note the use of small capitals). is his name!

Pharaoh’s chariots and army

he has hurled into the sea.

The finest of Pharaoh’s officers

are drowned in the Red Sea.Hebrew sea of reeds; also in 15:22.

The deep waters gushed over them;

they sank to the bottom like a stone.

“Your right hand, O Lord,

is glorious in power.

Your right hand, O Lord,

smashes the enemy.

In the greatness of your majesty,

you overthrow those who rise against you.

You unleash your blazing fury;

it consumes them like straw.

At the blast of your breath,

the waters piled up!

The surging waters stood straight like a wall;

in the heart of the sea the deep waters became hard.

“The enemy boasted, ‘I will chase them

and catch up with them.

I will plunder them

and consume them.

I will flash my sword;

my powerful hand will destroy them.’

10 But you blew with your breath,

and the sea covered them.

They sank like lead

in the mighty waters.

11 “Who is like you among the gods, O Lord

glorious in holiness,

awesome in splendor,

performing great wonders?

12 You raised your right hand,

and the earth swallowed our enemies.

13 “With your unfailing love you lead

the people you have redeemed.

In your might, you guide them

to your sacred home.

14 The peoples hear and tremble;

anguish grips those who live in Philistia.

15 The leaders of Edom are terrified;

the nobles of Moab tremble.

All who live in Canaan melt away;

16 terror and dread fall upon them.

The power of your arm

makes them lifeless as stone

until your people pass by, O Lord,

until the people you purchased pass by.

17 You will bring them in and plant them on your own mountain—

the place, O Lord, reserved for your own dwelling,

the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.

18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!”

17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt:

18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

21 And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:

22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

14 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.

And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the Lord. And they did so.

And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?

And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him:

And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand.

But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.

10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the Lord.

11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt?

12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.

13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.

14 The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

15 And the Lord said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:

16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the Lord looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,

25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the Lord fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

26 And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.

27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.

28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

30 Thus the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.

31 And Israel saw that great work which the Lord did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the Lord, and believed the Lord, and his servant Moses.

15 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the Lord, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

The Lord is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him.

The Lord is a man of war: the Lord is his name.

Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea.

The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone.

Thy right hand, O Lord, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O Lord, hath dashed in pieces the enemy.

And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble.

And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.

The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.

10 Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.

11 Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?

12 Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earth swallowed them.

13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed: thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation.

14 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina.

15 Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

16 Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O Lord, till the people pass over, which thou hast purchased.

17 Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, O Lord, which thou hast made for thee to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O Lord, which thy hands have established.

18 The Lord shall reign for ever and ever.

Matthew 21:23-46

The Authority of Jesus Questioned21:23-27pp — Mk 11:27-33; Lk 20:1-8

23 Jesus entered the temple courts, and, while he was teaching, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him. “By what authorityAc 4:7; 7:27 are you doing these things?” they asked. “And who gave you this authority?”

24 Jesus replied, “I will also ask you one question. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things.25 John’s baptism—where did it come from? Was it from heaven, or of human origin?”

They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will ask, ‘Then why didn’t you believe him?’26 But if we say, ‘Of human origin’—we are afraid of the people, for they all hold that John was a prophet.”S Mt 11:9

27 So they answered Jesus, “We don’t know.”

Then he said, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons

28 “What do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work today in the vineyard.’ver 33; Mt 20:1

29 “‘I will not,’ he answered, but later he changed his mind and went.

30 “Then the father went to the other son and said the same thing. He answered, ‘I will, sir,’ but he did not go.

31 “Which of the two did what his father wanted?”

“The first,” they answered.

Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, the tax collectorsLk 7:29 and the prostitutesLk 7:50 are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you.32 For John came to you to show you the way of righteousness,Mt 3:1-12 and you did not believe him, but the tax collectorsLk 3:12, 13; 7:29 and the prostitutesLk 7:36-50 did. And even after you saw this, you did not repentLk 7:30 and believe him.

The Parable of the Tenants21:33-46pp — Mk 12:1-12; Lk 20:9-19

33 “Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who plantedPs 80:8 a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a winepress in it and built a watchtower.Isa 5:1-7 Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and moved to another place.Mt 25:14, 1534 When the harvest time approached, he sent his servantsMt 22:3 to the tenants to collect his fruit.

35 “The tenants seized his servants; they beat one, killed another, and stoned a third.2Ch 24:21; Mt 23:34, 37; Heb 11:36, 3736 Then he sent other servantsMt 22:4 to them, more than the first time, and the tenants treated them the same way.37 Last of all, he sent his son to them. ‘They will respect my son,’ he said.

38 “But when the tenants saw the son, they said to each other, ‘This is the heir.Heb 1:2 Come, let’s kill himS Mt 12:14 and take his inheritance.’Ps 2:839 So they took him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.

40 “Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?”

41 “He will bring those wretches to a wretched end,”Mt 8:11, 12 they replied, “and he will rent the vineyard to other tenants,S Ac 13:46 who will give him his share of the crop at harvest time.”

42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures:

“‘The stone the builders rejected

has become the cornerstone;

the Lord has done this,

and it is marvelous in our eyes’Psalm 118:22,23?Ps 118:22, 23; S Ac 4:11

43 “Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from youMt 8:12 and given to a people who will produce its fruit.44 Anyone who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; anyone on whom it falls will be crushed.”Some manuscripts do not have verse 44.S Lk 2:34

45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew he was talking about them.46 They looked for a way to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowd because the people held that he was a prophet.S ver 11, 26

The Authority of Jesus Challenged

23 When Jesus returned to the Temple and began teaching, the leading priests and elders came up to him. They demanded, “By what authority are you doing all these things? Who gave you the right?”

24 “I’ll tell you by what authority I do these things if you answer one question,” Jesus replied.25 “Did John’s authority to baptize come from heaven, or was it merely human?”

They talked it over among themselves. “If we say it was from heaven, he will ask us why we didn’t believe John.26 But if we say it was merely human, we’ll be mobbed because the people believe John was a prophet.”27 So they finally replied, “We don’t know.”

And Jesus responded, “Then I won’t tell you by what authority I do these things.

Parable of the Two Sons

28 “But what do you think about this? A man with two sons told the older boy, ‘Son, go out and work in the vineyard today.’29 The son answered, ‘No, I won’t go,’ but later he changed his mind and went anyway.30 Then the father told the other son, ‘You go,’ and he said, ‘Yes, sir, I will.’ But he didn’t go.

31 “Which of the two obeyed his father?”

They replied, “The first.”Other manuscripts read “The second.” In still other manuscripts the first son says “Yes” but does nothing, the second son says “No” but then repents and goes, and the answer to Jesus’ question is that the second son obeyed his father.

Then Jesus explained his meaning: “I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before you do.32 For John the Baptist came and showed you the right way to live, but you didn’t believe him, while tax collectors and prostitutes did. And even when you saw this happening, you refused to believe him and repent of your sins.

Parable of the Evil Farmers

33 “Now listen to another story. A certain landowner planted a vineyard, built a wall around it, dug a pit for pressing out the grape juice, and built a lookout tower. Then he leased the vineyard to tenant farmers and moved to another country.34 At the time of the grape harvest, he sent his servants to collect his share of the crop.35 But the farmers grabbed his servants, beat one, killed one, and stoned another.36 So the landowner sent a larger group of his servants to collect for him, but the results were the same.

37 “Finally, the owner sent his son, thinking, ‘Surely they will respect my son.’

38 “But when the tenant farmers saw his son coming, they said to one another, ‘Here comes the heir to this estate. Come on, let’s kill him and get the estate for ourselves!’39 So they grabbed him, dragged him out of the vineyard, and murdered him.

40 “When the owner of the vineyard returns,” Jesus asked, “what do you think he will do to those farmers?”

41 The religious leaders replied, “He will put the wicked men to a horrible death and lease the vineyard to others who will give him his share of the crop after each harvest.”

42 Then Jesus asked them, “Didn’t you ever read this in the Scriptures?

‘The stone that the builders rejected

has now become the cornerstone.

This is the Lord’s doing,

and it is wonderful to see.’Ps 118:22-23.

43 I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a nation that will produce the proper fruit.44 Anyone who stumbles over that stone will be broken to pieces, and it will crush anyone it falls on.This verse is not included in some early manuscripts. Compare Luke 20:18.

45 When the leading priests and Pharisees heard this parable, they realized he was telling the story against them—they were the wicked farmers.46 They wanted to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowds, who considered Jesus to be a prophet.

23 And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?

24 And Jesus answered and said unto them, I also will ask you one thing, which if ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority I do these things.

25 The baptism of John, whence was it? from heaven, or of men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why did ye not then believe him?

26 But if we shall say, Of men; we fear the people; for all hold John as a prophet.

27 And they answered Jesus, and said, We cannot tell. And he said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.

28 But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.

29 He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.

30 And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not.

31 Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.

32 For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.

33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:

34 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.

35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.

36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise.

37 But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.

38 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.

39 And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.

40 When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?

41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.

42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

45 And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.

46 But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.

Psalm 26:1-12

Psalm 26

Of David.

Vindicate me,S 1Sa 24:15 Lord,

for I have led a blameless life;Ps 15:2; Pr 20:7

I have trustedPs 22:4; 40:4; Isa 12:2; 25:9; Jer 17:7; Da 3:28 in the Lord

and have not faltered.2Ki 20:3; Heb 10:23

Test me,Ps 66:10 Lord, and try me,

examine my heart and my mind;S Dt 6:6; S Ps 7:9; Jer 11:20; 20:12; Eze 11:5

for I have always been mindful of your unfailing lovePs 6:4

and have livedS 1Ki 2:4 in reliance on your faithfulness.Ps 40:11; 43:3; 86:11; 119:30

I do not sitPs 1:1 with the deceitful,

nor do I associate with hypocrites.Ps 28:3; Mt 6:2

I abhorPs 139:21 the assembly of evildoers

and refuse to sit with the wicked.

I wash my hands in innocence,Ps 73:13; Mt 27:24

and go about your altar, Lord,

proclaiming aloud your praiseIsa 42:12; 60:6

and telling of all your wonderful deeds.S Jos 3:5; Ps 9:1

Lord, I lovePs 122:6; Isa 66:10 the house where you live,

the place where your glory dwells.S Ex 29:43; 2Ch 7:1; Ps 96:6

Do not take away my soul along with sinners,

my life with those who are bloodthirsty,Ps 5:6; 28:3; 55:23; 139:19; Pr 29:10

10 in whose hands are wicked schemes,S Ps 21:11

whose right hands are full of bribes.S Job 36:18; S Isa 1:23; S Eze 22:12

11 I lead a blameless life;

deliver mePs 31:5; 69:18; 119:134; Tit 2:14 and be merciful to me.

12 My feet stand on level ground;Ps 27:11; 40:2; 143:10; Isa 26:7; 40:3-4; 45:13; Zec 4:7; Lk 6:17

in the great congregationS Ps 22:25 I will praise the Lord.

Psalm 26

A psalm of David.

Declare me innocent, O Lord,

for I have acted with integrity;

I have trusted in the Lord without wavering.

Put me on trial, Lord, and cross-examine me.

Test my motives and my heart.

For I am always aware of your unfailing love,

and I have lived according to your truth.

I do not spend time with liars

or go along with hypocrites.

I hate the gatherings of those who do evil,

and I refuse to join in with the wicked.

I wash my hands to declare my innocence.

I come to your altar, O Lord,

singing a song of thanksgiving

and telling of all your wonders.

I love your sanctuary, Lord,

the place where your glorious presence dwells.

Don’t let me suffer the fate of sinners.

Don’t condemn me along with murderers.

10 Their hands are dirty with evil schemes,

and they constantly take bribes.

11 But I am not like that; I live with integrity.

So redeem me and show me mercy.

12 Now I stand on solid ground,

and I will publicly praise the Lord.

26 Judge me, O Lord; for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in the Lord; therefore I shall not slide.

Examine me, O Lord, and prove me; try my reins and my heart.

For thy lovingkindness is before mine eyes: and I have walked in thy truth.

I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers.

I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.

I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O Lord:

That I may publish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy wondrous works.

Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth.

Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men:

10 In whose hands is mischief, and their right hand is full of bribes.

11 But as for me, I will walk in mine integrity: redeem me, and be merciful unto me.

12 My foot standeth in an even place: in the congregations will I bless the Lord.

Proverbs 6:16-19

16 There are six things the Lord hates,ver 16-19; Pr 3:32; 8:13; 15:8, 9, 26; 16:5

seven that are detestable to him:

17 haughty eyes,S Job 41:34; S Ps 10:5

a lying tongue,Pr 12:22

hands that shed innocent blood,S Dt 19:10; Pr 1:16; Isa 1:21; 59:7; Jer 2:34; Mic 7:2

18 a heart that devises wicked schemes,

feet that are quick to rush into evil,S Job 15:31

19 a false witnessS Dt 19:16 who pours out liesS Ps 12:2

and a person who stirs up conflict in the community.ver 12-15; Pr 15:18; Zec 8:17

16 There are six things the Lord hates—

no, seven things he detests:

17 haughty eyes,

a lying tongue,

hands that kill the innocent,

18 a heart that plots evil,

feet that race to do wrong,

19 a false witness who pours out lies,

a person who sows discord in a family.

16 These six things doth the Lord hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him:

17 A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,

18 An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief,

19 A false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.

Jan 31 Feb 2
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