Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

How easily our human nature shows through in times of trial! On Mount Sinai, Israel was poised for its greatest hour but failed the test when it came. As Moses was on the mountain receiving the Law, the Israelites waited for his return. That was all they had to do: wait. The waiting got the best of them, however, and before the time was up, they had made a golden calf and called it their god.

Peter, also, at his most important moment in life, succumbed to the flesh. With Christ being interrogated in a building nearby, Peter denied that he had ever known the Lord. Oh, how weak is the human flesh!

How do you conduct yourself when your leaders are out of sight? Can God trust you to be true to Him even when you wonder where He is in your life? If you seem to be in a "holding pattern," remain faithful. The time when you think the Lord has deserted you is often the very time when God is actually testing your true character. He is observing you now, so hold steady. The Lord will return when you least expect it!

Exodus 32:1-33:23

The Golden Calf

32 When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain,S Ge 7:4; Dt 9:9-12 they gathered around Aaron and said, “Come, make us godsOr a god; also in verses 23 and 31 who will go beforeS Ex 13:21 us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don’t know what has happened to him.”ver 23; Ac 7:40*

Aaron answered them, “Take off the gold earringsJdg 8:24-27 that your wives, your sons and your daughters are wearing, and bring them to me.”So all the people took off their earrings and brought them to Aaron.He took what they handed him and made it into an idolS Ex 20:23; Jdg 17:3-4; Isa 30:22 cast in the shape of a calf,ver 8, 24, 35; Dt 9:16; Ne 9:18; Ps 106:19; Ac 7:41 fashioning it with a tool. Then they said, “These are your gods,Or This is your god; also in verse 8Ex 20:23; Isa 42:17 Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.”1Ki 12:28; 14:9; 2Ki 10:29; 17:16; 2Ch 13:8; Hos 8:6; 10:5

When Aaron saw this, he built an altar in front of the calf and announced, “Tomorrow there will be a festivalLev 23:2, 37; 2Ki 10:20; Joel 2:15 to the Lord.”So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings.Ex 20:24; 34:15; Lev 3:1; 4:10; 6:12; 9:4; 22:21; Nu 6:14; 25:2; Dt 27:7; Jdg 20:26; Eze 43:27; Ac 7:41 Afterward they sat down to eat and drinkJdg 19:4; Ru 3:3; 1Sa 1:9; 2Sa 11:11; 1Ki 13:23; 18:42; Ne 8:12; Job 1:4; Ecc 5:18; 8:15; Jer 16:8 and got up to indulge in revelry.ver 17-19; 1Co 10:7*

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go down, because your people, whom you brought up out of Egypt,ver 4, 11; Ex 33:1 have become corrupt.S Ge 6:11-12; Eze 20:8They have been quick to turn awayJer 7:26; 16:12; Mal 2:8; 3:7 from what I commanded them and have made themselves an idolS Ex 20:4 cast in the shape of a calf.S ver 4 They have bowed down to it and sacrificedEx 22:20 to it and have said, ‘These are your gods, Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.’1Ki 12:28; Eze 23:8

“I have seen these people,” the Lord said to Moses, “and they are a stiff-neckedEx 33:3, 5; 34:9; Dt 9:6, 13; 10:16; 31:27; Jdg 2:19; 2Ki 17:14; 2Ch 30:8; 36:13; Ne 9:16; Ps 78:8; Pr 29:1; Isa 46:12; 48:4; Jer 7:26; Eze 2:4; Hos 4:16; Ac 7:51 people.10 Now leave me alone1Sa 2:25; Jer 7:16; 11:14; 14:11 so that my anger may burn against them and that I may destroyEx 22:24; 33:3, 5; Nu 16:21, 45; Dt 9:14, 19; Ps 106:23; Jer 14:12; Eze 20:13 them. Then I will make you into a great nation.”Nu 14:12; Dt 9:14

11 But Moses sought the favorDt 9:18; 2Sa 21:1; 2Ch 15:2; Ps 9:10; 34:4; 106:23; Isa 9:13; Jer 15:1 of the Lord his God. “Lord,” he said, “why should your anger burn against your people, whom you brought out of Egypt with great power and a mighty hand?ver 13; Dt 9:26; 1Sa 7:9; Ne 1:10; Ps 136:1212 Why should the Egyptians say, ‘It was with evil intent that he brought them out, to kill them in the mountains and to wipe them off the face of the earth’?Nu 14:13-16; Dt 9:28 Turn from your fierce anger; relent and do not bring disasterver 14; Ex 33:13 on your people.13 RememberS Ex 2:24; 33:13 your servants Abraham, Isaac and Israel, to whom you swore by your own self:S Ge 22:16; Heb 6:13 ‘I will make your descendants as numerous as the starsGe 15:5; 22:17 in the sky and I will give your descendants all this landS Ge 12:7 I promised them, and it will be their inheritance forever.’”14 Then the Lord relentedDt 9:19; 1Sa 15:11; 2Sa 24:16; 1Ki 21:29; 1Ch 21:15; Ps 106:45; Jer 18:8; 26:3, 19; Am 7:3, 6; Jnh 3:10 and did not bring on his people the disaster he had threatened.

15 Moses turned and went down the mountain with the two tablets of the covenant lawEx 31:18; Heb 9:4 in his hands.S Ex 19:18; 34:4, 29; Dt 9:15 They were inscribed2Co 3:3 on both sides, front and back.16 The tablets were the work of God; the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets.S Ex 24:12

17 When JoshuaS Ex 17:9 heard the noise of the people shouting, he said to Moses, “There is the sound of war in the camp.”

18 Moses replied:

“It is not the sound of victory,

it is not the sound of defeat;

it is the sound of singing that I hear.”

19 When Moses approached the camp and saw the calfDt 9:16 and the dancing,ver 6; 1Co 10:7 his anger burnedEzr 9:3; Ps 119:53, 158 and he threw the tablets out of his hands, breaking them to piecesEx 34:1; Dt 9:17 at the foot of the mountain.20 And he took the calf the people had made and burnedDt 7:25; 12:3; Jos 7:1; 2Ki 23:6; 1Ch 14:12 it in the fire; then he ground it to powder,2Ch 34:7; Mic 1:7 scattered it on the waterDt 9:21 and made the Israelites drink it.

21 He said to Aaron, “What did these people do to you, that you led them into such great sin?”

22 “Do not be angry,S Ge 18:30 my lord,” Aaron answered. “You know how prone these people are to evil.Dt 9:24; 28:20; 2Ki 21:15; Ezr 9:13; Ne 9:28; Jer 4:4; 44:3; Eze 6:923 They said to me, ‘Make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don’t know what has happened to him.’S ver 1; Ac 7:4024 So I told them, ‘Whoever has any gold jewelry, take it off.’ Then they gave me the gold, and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf!”S ver 4

25 Moses saw that the people were running wild and that Aaron had let them get out of control and so become a laughingstockS Ge 38:23 to their enemies.26 So he stood at the entrance to the camp and said, “Whoever is for the Lord, come to me.” And all the Levites rallied to him.

27 Then he said to them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and friend and neighbor.’”Nu 25:3, 5; Dt 33:9; Eze 9:528 The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day about three thousand of the people died.29 Then Moses said, “You have been set apart to the Lord today, for you were against your own sons and brothers, and he has blessed you this day.”

30 The next day Moses said to the people, “You have committed a great sin.1Sa 12:20; Ps 25:11; 85:2 But now I will go up to the Lord; perhaps I can make atonementLev 1:4; 4:20, 26; 5:6, 10, 13; 6:7 for your sin.”

31 So Moses went back to the Lord and said, “Oh, what a great sin these people have committed!Ex 34:9; Dt 9:18 They have made themselves gods of gold.S Ex 20:2332 But now, please forgive their sinNu 14:19—but if not, then blot meRo 9:3 out of the bookPs 69:28; Eze 13:9; Da 7:10; 12:1; Mal 3:16; S Lk 10:20 you have written.”

33 The Lord replied to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against me I will blot outS Ex 17:14; S Job 21:20; Rev 3:5 of my book.34 Now go, leadS Ex 15:17 the people to the placeEx 3:17 I spoke of, and my angelS Ex 14:19 will go before you. However, when the time comes for me to punish,S Ge 50:19; Dt 32:35; Ps 89:32; 94:23; 99:8; 109:20; Isa 27:1; Jer 5:9; 11:22; 23:2; 44:13, 29; Hos 12:2; Ro 2:5-6 I will punish them for their sin.”

35 And the Lord struck the people with a plague because of what they did with the calfS ver 4 Aaron had made.

33 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Leave this place, you and the people you brought up out of Egypt, and go up to the land I promised on oathS Ex 13:11; S Nu 14:23; Heb 6:13 to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, saying, ‘I will give it to your descendants.’S Ge 12:7I will send an angelS Ex 14:19 before you and drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.S Ex 23:28Go up to the land flowing with milk and honey.S Ex 3:8 But I will not go with you, because you are a stiff-neckedEx 32:9; Ac 7:51 people and I might destroyS Ex 32:10 you on the way.”

When the people heard these distressing words, they began to mournNu 14:39; Ezr 9:3; Est 4:1; Ps 119:53 and no one put on any ornaments.For the Lord had said to Moses, “Tell the Israelites, ‘You are a stiff-necked people.S Ex 32:9 If I were to go with you even for a moment, I might destroyS Ex 32:10 you. Now take off your ornaments and I will decide what to do with you.’”So the Israelites stripped off their ornaments at Mount Horeb.S Ex 3:1

The Tent of Meeting

Now Moses used to take a tent and pitch it outside the camp some distance away, calling it the “tent of meeting.”S Ex 27:21 Anyone inquiringS Ge 25:22; S 1Ki 22:5 of the Lord would go to the tent of meeting outside the camp.And whenever Moses went out to the tent, all the people rose and stood at the entrances to their tents,ver 10; Nu 16:27 watching Moses until he entered the tent.As Moses went into the tent, the pillar of cloudEx 13:21; S 19:9; Dt 31:15; 1Co 10:1 would come down and stay at the entrance, while the Lord spokeS Ex 29:42; 31:18; Ps 99:7 with Moses.10 Whenever the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance to the tent, they all stood and worshiped, each at the entrance to their tent.S ver 811 The Lord would speak to Moses face to face,Nu 12:8; Dt 5:4; 34:10 as one speaks to a friend. Then Moses would return to the camp, but his young aide JoshuaS Ex 17:9 son of Nun did not leave the tent.

Moses and the Glory of the Lord

12 Moses said to the Lord, “You have been telling me, ‘Lead these people,’Ex 3:10; S 15:17 but you have not let me know whom you will send with me. You have said, ‘I know you by namever 17; Isa 43:1; 45:3; 49:1; Jn 10:14-15; 2Ti 2:19 and you have found favorS Ge 6:8 with me.’13 If you are pleased with me, teach me your waysPs 25:4; 27:11; 51:13; 86:11; 103:7; 143:8 so I may know you and continue to find favor with you. Remember that this nation is your people.”Ex 3:7; Dt 9:26, 29; Ps 77:15

14 The Lord replied, “My PresenceS Ex 13:21; Dt 4:37; Isa 63:9; Hag 1:13; 2:4 will go with you, and I will give you rest.”Dt 12:9, 10; 25:19; Jos 1:13; 11:23; 21:44; 22:4; 23:1; 1Ki 8:56; Isa 63:14; Jer 31:2; Mt 11:28; Heb 4:1-11

15 Then Moses said to him, “If your Presencever 3; Ex 34:9; 2Ki 13:23; 17:18; 23:27; 24:20; Ps 51:11; 80:3, 7, 19; Jer 7:15; 52:3 does not go with us, do not send us up from here.16 How will anyone know that you are pleased with me and with your people unless you go with us?Ex 34:5; 40:34, 35; Nu 9:15; 14:14 What else will distinguish me and your people from all the other people on the face of the earth?”Ex 34:10; Lev 20:24, 26; Nu 23:9; Dt 4:7, 32, 34; 32:9; 33:28

17 And the Lord said to Moses, “I will do the very thing you have asked,Ex 34:28; Dt 9:18, 25; 10:10; Jas 5:16 because I am pleased with you and I know you by name.”S Ge 6:8

18 Then Moses said, “Now show me your glory.”S Ex 16:7; Jn 1:14; 12:41; 1Ti 6:16; Rev 15:8

19 And the Lord said, “I will cause all my goodness to pass1Ki 19:11 in front of you, and I will proclaim my name,Ex 6:3; 34:5-7 the Lord, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.Ro 9:15*20 But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for no one may seeS Ge 16:13; S Ex 3:6; S Dt 5:26; S Jn 1:18 me and live.”

21 Then the Lord said, “There is a place near me where you may stand on a rock.22 When my glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft in the rockGe 49:24; 1Ki 19:9; Ps 27:5; 31:20; 62:7; 91:1; Isa 2:21; Jer 4:29 and cover you with my handPs 91:4; Isa 49:2; 51:16 until I have passed by.23 Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back; but my face must not be seen.”

The Gold Calf

32 When the people saw how long it was taking Moses to come back down the mountain, they gathered around Aaron. “Come on,” they said, “make us some gods who can lead us. We don’t know what happened to this fellow Moses, who brought us here from the land of Egypt.”

So Aaron said, “Take the gold rings from the ears of your wives and sons and daughters, and bring them to me.”

All the people took the gold rings from their ears and brought them to Aaron.Then Aaron took the gold, melted it down, and molded it into the shape of a calf. When the people saw it, they exclaimed, “O Israel, these are the gods who brought you out of the land of Egypt!”

Aaron saw how excited the people were, so he built an altar in front of the calf. Then he announced, “Tomorrow will be a festival to the Lord!”

The people got up early the next morning to sacrifice burnt offerings and peace offerings. After this, they celebrated with feasting and drinking, and they indulged in pagan revelry.

The Lord told Moses, “Quick! Go down the mountain! Your people whom you brought from the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves.How quickly they have turned away from the way I commanded them to live! They have melted down gold and made a calf, and they have bowed down and sacrificed to it. They are saying, ‘These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.’”

Then the Lord said, “I have seen how stubborn and rebellious these people are.10 Now leave me alone so my fierce anger can blaze against them, and I will destroy them. Then I will make you, Moses, into a great nation.”

11 But Moses tried to pacify the Lord his God. “O Lord!” he said. “Why are you so angry with your own people whom you brought from the land of Egypt with such great power and such a strong hand?12 Why let the Egyptians say, ‘Their God rescued them with the evil intention of slaughtering them in the mountains and wiping them from the face of the earth’? Turn away from your fierce anger. Change your mind about this terrible disaster you have threatened against your people!13 Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.Hebrew Israel. The names “Jacob” and “Israel” are often interchanged throughout the Old Testament, referring sometimes to the individual patriarch and sometimes to the nation. You bound yourself with an oath to them, saying, ‘I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars of heaven. And I will give them all of this land that I have promised to your descendants, and they will possess it forever.’”

14 So the Lord changed his mind about the terrible disaster he had threatened to bring on his people.

15 Then Moses turned and went down the mountain. He held in his hands the two stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant.Hebrew the two tablets of the Testimony; see note on 25:16. They were inscribed on both sides, front and back.16 These tablets were God’s work; the words on them were written by God himself.

17 When Joshua heard the boisterous noise of the people shouting below them, he exclaimed to Moses, “It sounds like war in the camp!”

18 But Moses replied, “No, it’s not a shout of victory nor the wailing of defeat. I hear the sound of a celebration.”

19 When they came near the camp, Moses saw the calf and the dancing, and he burned with anger. He threw the stone tablets to the ground, smashing them at the foot of the mountain.20 He took the calf they had made and burned it. Then he ground it into powder, threw it into the water, and forced the people to drink it.

21 Finally, he turned to Aaron and demanded, “What did these people do to you to make you bring such terrible sin upon them?”

22 “Don’t get so upset, my lord,” Aaron replied. “You yourself know how evil these people are.23 They said to me, ‘Make us gods who will lead us. We don’t know what happened to this fellow Moses, who brought us here from the land of Egypt.’24 So I told them, ‘Whoever has gold jewelry, take it off.’ When they brought it to me, I simply threw it into the fire—and out came this calf!”

25 Moses saw that Aaron had let the people get completely out of control, much to the amusement of their enemies.Or out of control, and they mocked anyone who opposed them. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain.26 So he stood at the entrance to the camp and shouted, “All of you who are on the Lord’s side, come here and join me.” And all the Levites gathered around him.

27 Moses told them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: Each of you, take your swords and go back and forth from one end of the camp to the other. Kill everyone—even your brothers, friends, and neighbors.”28 The Levites obeyed Moses’ command, and about 3,000 people died that day.

29 Then Moses told the Levites, “Today you have ordained yourselvesAs in Greek and Latin versions; Hebrew reads Today ordain yourselves. for the service of the Lord, for you obeyed him even though it meant killing your own sons and brothers. Today you have earned a blessing.”

Moses Intercedes for Israel

30 The next day Moses said to the people, “You have committed a terrible sin, but I will go back up to the Lord on the mountain. Perhaps I will be able to obtain forgivenessOr to make atonement. for your sin.”

31 So Moses returned to the Lord and said, “Oh, what a terrible sin these people have committed. They have made gods of gold for themselves.32 But now, if you will only forgive their sin—but if not, erase my name from the record you have written!”

33 But the Lord replied to Moses, “No, I will erase the name of everyone who has sinned against me.34 Now go, lead the people to the place I told you about. Look! My angel will lead the way before you. And when I come to call the people to account, I will certainly hold them responsible for their sins.”

35 Then the Lord sent a great plague upon the people because they had worshiped the calf Aaron had made.

33 The Lord said to Moses, “Get going, you and the people you brought up from the land of Egypt. Go up to the land I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. I told them, ‘I will give this land to your descendants.’And I will send an angel before you to drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.Go up to this land that flows with milk and honey. But I will not travel among you, for you are a stubborn and rebellious people. If I did, I would surely destroy you along the way.”

When the people heard these stern words, they went into mourning and stopped wearing their jewelry and fine clothes.For the Lord had told Moses to tell them, “You are a stubborn and rebellious people. If I were to travel with you for even a moment, I would destroy you. Remove your jewelry and fine clothes while I decide what to do with you.”So from the time they left Mount Sinai,Hebrew Horeb, another name for Sinai. the Israelites wore no more jewelry or fine clothes.

It was Moses’ practice to take the Tent of MeetingThis “Tent of Meeting” is different from the Tabernacle described in chapters 26 and 36. and set it up some distance from the camp. Everyone who wanted to make a request of the Lord would go to the Tent of Meeting outside the camp.

Whenever Moses went out to the Tent of Meeting, all the people would get up and stand in the entrances of their own tents. They would all watch Moses until he disappeared inside.As he went into the tent, the pillar of cloud would come down and hover at its entrance while the Lord spoke with Moses.10 When the people saw the cloud standing at the entrance of the tent, they would stand and bow down in front of their own tents.11 Inside the Tent of Meeting, the Lord would speak to Moses face to face, as one speaks to a friend. Afterward Moses would return to the camp, but the young man who assisted him, Joshua son of Nun, would remain behind in the Tent of Meeting.

Moses Sees the Lord’s Glory

12 One day Moses said to the Lord, “You have been telling me, ‘Take these people up to the Promised Land.’ But you haven’t told me whom you will send with me. You have told me, ‘I know you by name, and I look favorably on you.’13 If it is true that you look favorably on me, let me know your ways so I may understand you more fully and continue to enjoy your favor. And remember that this nation is your very own people.”

14 The Lord replied, “I will personally go with you, Moses, and I will give you rest—everything will be fine for you.”

15 Then Moses said, “If you don’t personally go with us, don’t make us leave this place.16 How will anyone know that you look favorably on me—on me and on your people—if you don’t go with us? For your presence among us sets your people and me apart from all other people on the earth.”

17 The Lord replied to Moses, “I will indeed do what you have asked, for I look favorably on you, and I know you by name.”

18 Moses responded, “Then show me your glorious presence.”

19 The Lord replied, “I will make all my goodness pass before you, and I will call out my name, Yahweh,Yahweh is a transliteration of the proper name YHWH that is sometimes rendered “Jehovah”; in this translation it is usually rendered “the Lord” (note the use of small capitals). before you. For I will show mercy to anyone I choose, and I will show compassion to anyone I choose.20 But you may not look directly at my face, for no one may see me and live.”21 The Lord continued, “Look, stand near me on this rock.22 As my glorious presence passes by, I will hide you in the crevice of the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by.23 Then I will remove my hand and let you see me from behind. But my face will not be seen.”

32 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.

And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron.

And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the Lord.

And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves:

They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

And the Lord said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:

10 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

11 And Moses besought the Lord his God, and said, Lord, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand?

12 Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people.

13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.

14 And the Lord repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.

15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written.

16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.

17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp.

18 And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear.

19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.

20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.

21 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?

22 And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief.

23 For they said unto me, Make us gods, which shall go before us: for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

24 And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off. So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.

25 And when Moses saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:)

26 Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the Lord's side? let him come unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him.

27 And he said unto them, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.

28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.

29 For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves today to the Lord, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.

30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the Lord; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.

31 And Moses returned unto the Lord, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.

33 And the Lord said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.

34 Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.

35 And the Lord plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

33 And the Lord said unto Moses, Depart, and go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it:

And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite:

Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.

And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his ornaments.

For the Lord had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.

And the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by the mount Horeb.

And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the Lord went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp.

And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle.

And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the Lord talked with Moses.

10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door.

11 And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle.

12 And Moses said unto the Lord, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight.

13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people.

14 And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.

15 And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence.

16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.

17 And the Lord said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name.

18 And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory.

19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.

20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.

21 And the Lord said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock:

22 And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by:

23 And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.

Matthew 26:69-27:14

Peter Disowns Jesus26:69-75pp — Mk 14:66-72; Lk 22:55-62; Jn 18:16-18, 25-27

69 Now Peter was sitting out in the courtyard, and a servant girl came to him. “You also were with Jesus of Galilee,” she said.

70 But he denied it before them all. “I don’t know what you’re talking about,” he said.

71 Then he went out to the gateway, where another servant girl saw him and said to the people there, “This fellow was with Jesus of Nazareth.”

72 He denied it again, with an oath: “I don’t know the man!”

73 After a little while, those standing there went up to Peter and said, “Surely you are one of them; your accent gives you away.”

74 Then he began to call down curses, and he swore to them, “I don’t know the man!”

Immediately a rooster crowed.75 Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken: “Before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times.”ver 34; Jn 13:38 And he went outside and wept bitterly.

Judas Hangs Himself

27 Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people made their plans how to have Jesus executed.S Mt 12:14; Mk 15:1; Lk 22:66So they bound him, led him away and handed him overMt 20:19 to Pilate the governor.Mk 15:1; Lk 13:1; Ac 3:13; 1Ti 6:13

When Judas, who had betrayed him,S Mt 10:4 saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silverMt 26:14, 15 to the chief priests and the elders.“I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.”

“What is that to us?” they replied. “That’s your responsibility.”ver 24

So Judas threw the money into the templeLk 1:9, 21 and left. Then he went away and hanged himself.Ac 1:18

The chief priests picked up the coins and said, “It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money.”So they decided to use the money to buy the potter’s field as a burial place for foreigners.That is why it has been called the Field of BloodAc 1:19 to this day.Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:S Mt 1:22 “They took the thirty pieces of silver, the price set on him by the people of Israel,10 and they used them to buy the potter’s field, as the Lord commanded me.”See Zech. 11:12,13; Jer. 19:1-13; 32:6-9.Zec 11:12, 13; Jer 32:6-9

Jesus Before Pilate27:11-26pp — Mk 15:2-15; Lk 23:2, 3, 18-25; Jn 18:29-19:16

11 Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”S Mt 2:2

“You have said so,” Jesus replied.

12 When he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer.S Mk 14:6113 Then Pilate asked him, “Don’t you hear the testimony they are bringing against you?”Mt 26:6214 But Jesus made no reply,S Mk 14:61 not even to a single charge—to the great amazement of the governor.

Peter Denies Jesus

69 Meanwhile, Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. A servant girl came over and said to him, “You were one of those with Jesus the Galilean.”

70 But Peter denied it in front of everyone. “I don’t know what you’re talking about,” he said.

71 Later, out by the gate, another servant girl noticed him and said to those standing around, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.Or Jesus the Nazarene.

72 Again Peter denied it, this time with an oath. “I don’t even know the man,” he said.

73 A little later some of the other bystanders came over to Peter and said, “You must be one of them; we can tell by your Galilean accent.”

74 Peter swore, “A curse on me if I’m lying—I don’t know the man!” And immediately the rooster crowed.

75 Suddenly, Jesus’ words flashed through Peter’s mind: “Before the rooster crows, you will deny three times that you even know me.” And he went away, weeping bitterly.

Judas Hangs Himself

27 Very early in the morning the leading priests and the elders of the people met again to lay plans for putting Jesus to death.Then they bound him, led him away, and took him to Pilate, the Roman governor.

When Judas, who had betrayed him, realized that Jesus had been condemned to die, he was filled with remorse. So he took the thirty pieces of silver back to the leading priests and the elders.“I have sinned,” he declared, “for I have betrayed an innocent man.”

“What do we care?” they retorted. “That’s your problem.”

Then Judas threw the silver coins down in the Temple and went out and hanged himself.

The leading priests picked up the coins. “It wouldn’t be right to put this money in the Temple treasury,” they said, “since it was payment for murder.”Greek since it is the price for blood.After some discussion they finally decided to buy the potter’s field, and they made it into a cemetery for foreigners.That is why the field is still called the Field of Blood.This fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah that says,

“They tookOr I took. the thirty pieces of silver—

the price at which he was valued by the people of Israel,

10 and purchased the potter’s field,

as the Lord directed.Greek as the Lord directed me. Zech 11:12-13; Jer 32:6-9.

Jesus’ Trial before Pilate

11 Now Jesus was standing before Pilate, the Roman governor. “Are you the king of the Jews?” the governor asked him.

Jesus replied, “You have said it.”

12 But when the leading priests and the elders made their accusations against him, Jesus remained silent.13 “Don’t you hear all these charges they are bringing against you?” Pilate demanded.14 But Jesus made no response to any of the charges, much to the governor’s surprise.

69 Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee.

70 But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest.

71 And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said unto them that were there, This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth.

72 And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man.

73 And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee.

74 Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

75 And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.

27 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:

And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.

Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,

Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.

And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.

And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood.

And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers in.

Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, unto this day.

Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;

10 And gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord appointed me.

11 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.

12 And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.

13 Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?

14 And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.

Psalm 33:1-11

Psalm 33

Sing joyfullyS Ps 5:11; S 101:1 to the Lord, you righteous;

it is fittingPs 147:1 for the uprightPs 11:7 to praise him.

Praise the Lord with the harp;S Ge 4:21; 1Co 14:7; Rev 5:8

make music to him on the ten-stringed lyre.Ps 92:3; 144:9

Sing to him a new song;Ps 40:3; Isa 42:10; S Rev 5:9

play skillfully, and shout for joy.S Job 3:7; Ps 35:27; 47:1

For the word of the Lord is rightS Ps 19:8 and true;Ps 119:142; Rev 19:9; 22:6

he is faithfulPs 18:25; 25:10 in all he does.

The Lord loves righteousness and justice;Ps 11:7

the earth is full of his unfailing love.Ps 6:4

By the wordS Ge 1:3; Heb 11:3 of the Lord the heavens were made,S Ex 8:19; S 2Ch 2:12

their starry hostS Ge 1:16 by the breath of his mouth.

He gathers the watersS Ge 1:10 of the sea into jarsOr sea as into a heap;S Jos 3:16

he puts the deep into storehouses.

Let all the earth fear the Lord;S Dt 6:13; Ps 2:11

let all the people of the worldPs 49:1; Isa 18:3; Mic 1:2 revere him.S Dt 14:23

For he spoke, and it came to be;

he commanded,Ps 148:5 and it stood firm.

10 The Lord foilsIsa 44:25 the plansS Job 5:12 of the nations;Ps 2:1

he thwarts the purposes of the peoples.

11 But the plans of the Lord stand firmS Nu 23:19 forever,

the purposesJer 51:12, 29 of his heart through all generations.

Psalm 33

Let the godly sing for joy to the Lord;

it is fitting for the pure to praise him.

Praise the Lord with melodies on the lyre;

make music for him on the ten-stringed harp.

Sing a new song of praise to him;

play skillfully on the harp, and sing with joy.

For the word of the Lord holds true,

and we can trust everything he does.

He loves whatever is just and good;

the unfailing love of the Lord fills the earth.

The Lord merely spoke,

and the heavens were created.

He breathed the word,

and all the stars were born.

He assigned the sea its boundaries

and locked the oceans in vast reservoirs.

Let the whole world fear the Lord,

and let everyone stand in awe of him.

For when he spoke, the world began!

It appeared at his command.

10 The Lord frustrates the plans of the nations

and thwarts all their schemes.

11 But the Lord’s plans stand firm forever;

his intentions can never be shaken.

33 Rejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous: for praise is comely for the upright.

Praise the Lord with harp: sing unto him with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings.

Sing unto him a new song; play skilfully with a loud noise.

For the word of the Lord is right; and all his works are done in truth.

He loveth righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord.

By the word of the Lord were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.

He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an heap: he layeth up the depth in storehouses.

Let all the earth fear the Lord: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.

For he spake, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast.

10 The Lord bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.

11 The counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.

Proverbs 8:33-36

33 Listen to my instruction and be wise;

do not disregard it.

34 Blessed are those who listen1Ki 10:8 to me,

watching daily at my doors,

waiting at my doorway.

35 For those who find mePr 3:13-18 find lifePr 9:6; Jn 5:39-40

and receive favor from the Lord.S Job 33:26

36 But those who fail to find me harm themselves;Pr 15:32; Isa 3:9; Jer 40:2

all who hate me love death.”S Job 28:22

33 Listen to my instruction and be wise.

Don’t ignore it.

34 Joyful are those who listen to me,

watching for me daily at my gates,

waiting for me outside my home!

35 For whoever finds me finds life

and receives favor from the Lord.

36 But those who miss me injure themselves.

All who hate me love death.”

33 Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not.

34 Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.

35 For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the Lord.

36 But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul: all they that hate me love death.

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