Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Guilt does not simply go away. The modern method of denying guilt just postpones it until a later day. Repressed and denied guilt will always resurface in the form of anger, bitterness, rejection, and failure.

God knows how unforgiven sin will destroy you and your relationship with Him and others. In the Old Testament, He gave instructions for the guilt offering that related to any situation, whether it was the high priest, a leader, an individual, or the entire community that had sinned. The only way to be forgiven in the Old Testament system was to bring an individual sacrifice. Worshipers brought a bull, a goat, a lamb, two pigeons, or a handful of fine flour, depending upon their status and means. No sin or negligence was swept under the rug by God but was paid for by something.

Sinners are Jesus' specialty. The Bible tells us that not only is God precise with sin, but He is also merciful toward sinners. Take Levi, for example. Jesus accepted Levi's invitation to dine with him and his friends, who were notorious sinners. When the Pharisees discovered this, they criticized the Lord. Jesus responded, "I have come to call sinners, not those who think they are already good enough" (Mark 2:17).

Jesus is your "guilt offering." Release your guilt to the cross and praise Him, knowing that you were once a sinner but now have been forgiven.

Leviticus 4:1-5:19

The Sin Offering

The Lord said to Moses,“Say to the Israelites: ‘When anyone sins unintentionallyver 13, 27; Lev 5:15-18; 22:14; Nu 15:24-29; 35:11-15; Jos 20:3, 9; Heb 9:7 and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commandsver 22; Nu 15:22

“‘If the anointed priestS Ex 28:41 sins,S Ge 18:23 bringing guilt on the people, he must bring to the Lord a young bullver 14; Lev 3:12; 8:14; 10:16; 16:3, 5; Nu 15:27; Ps 66:15; Eze 43:19, 23 without defectS Ex 12:5 as a sin offeringOr purification offering; here and throughout this chapterS ver 24; S Ex 30:10; Lev 5:6-13; 9:2-22; Heb 9:13-14 for the sin he has committed.ver 32He is to present the bull at the entrance to the tent of meeting before the Lord.ver 15, 24; Lev 1:3; Nu 8:12 He is to lay his hand on its head and slaughter it there before the Lord.Then the anointed priest shall take some of the bull’s bloodver 16; Lev 16:14 and carry it into the tent of meeting.He is to dip his finger into the blood and sprinkleEx 24:8 some of it seven times before the Lord,ver 17; Lev 16:14, 19 in front of the curtain of the sanctuary.S Ex 25:8The priest shall then put some of the blood on the hornsS Ex 27:2 of the altar of fragrant incense that is before the Lord in the tent of meeting. The rest of the bull’s blood he shall pour out at the base of the altarver 34; S Ex 29:12; Lev 8:15 of burnt offeringver 18, 30; Lev 5:9; 9:9; 16:18 at the entrance to the tent of meeting.He shall remove all the fatver 19 from the bull of the sin offering—all the fat that is connected to the internal organs,both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which he will remove with the kidneysS Lev 3:410 just as the fat is removed from the oxThe Hebrew word can refer to either male or female.Lev 9:4 sacrificed as a fellowship offering.S Ex 32:6 Then the priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt offering.S Ex 29:1311 But the hide of the bull and all its flesh, as well as the head and legs, the internal organs and the intestinesEx 29:14; Lev 8:17; 9:11; Nu 19:512 that is, all the rest of the bull—he must take outside the campS Ex 29:14; Lev 8:17; 9:11; Heb 13:11 to a place ceremonially clean,Lev 6:11; 10:14; Nu 19:9 where the ashesS Lev 1:16 are thrown, and burn itLev 6:30 there in a wood fire on the ash heap.Lev 16:3

13 “‘If the whole Israelite community sins unintentionallyS ver 2 and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, even though the community is unaware of the matter, when they realize their guilt14 and the sin they committed becomes known, the assembly must bring a young bullS ver 3 as a sin offeringNu 15:24 and present it before the tent of meeting.15 The eldersS Ex 3:16; S 19:7 of the community are to lay their hands2Ch 29:23 on the bull’s headS Ex 29:10; Lev 8:14, 22; Nu 8:10 before the Lord, and the bull shall be slaughtered before the Lord.S ver 416 Then the anointed priest is to take some of the bull’s bloodS ver 5 into the tent of meeting.17 He shall dip his finger into the blood and sprinkleNu 19:4, 18 it before the LordS ver 6 seven times in front of the curtain.18 He is to put some of the bloodLev 8:15; 17:6; 2Ch 29:22 on the horns of the altar that is before the Lordver 7; Lev 6:30; 10:18 in the tent of meeting. The rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altarLev 5:9 of burnt offering at the entrance to the tent of meeting.19 He shall remove all the fatver 8 from it and burn it on the altar,ver 2620 and do with this bull just as he did with the bull for the sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonementS Ex 29:36; S 32:30; S Ro 3:25; Heb 10:10-12 for the community, and they will be forgiven.ver 26, 31, 35; Nu 15:2521 Then he shall take the bull outside the campS ver 12 and burn it as he burned the first bull. This is the sin offering for the community.Lev 16:5, 15; 2Ch 29:21

22 “‘When a leaderNu 31:13 sins unintentionallyver 2 and does what is forbidden in any of the commands of the Lord his God, when he realizes his guilt23 and the sin he has committed becomes known, he must bring as his offering a male goatS ver 3; S Lev 1:10 without defect.24 He is to lay his hand on the goat’s head and slaughter it at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered before the Lord.S ver 4 It is a sin offering.S ver 3; Lev 6:2525 Then the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altarLev 16:18; Eze 43:20, 22 of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.Lev 9:926 He shall burn all the fat on the altar as he burned the fat of the fellowship offering. In this way the priest will make atonementS Ex 32:30 for the leader’s sin, and he will be forgiven.Lev 5:10; 12:8

27 “‘If any member of the community sins unintentionallyS ver 2 and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, when they realize their guilt28 and the sin they have committed becomes known, they must bring as their offeringLev 5:6; Eze 40:39; 44:27 for the sin they committed a female goatS ver 3; S Lev 1:10 without defect.29 They are to lay their hand on the headver 4, 24 of the sin offeringS Lev 1:4 and slaughter it at the place of the burnt offering.S Ge 8:2030 Then the priest is to take some of the blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offeringS ver 7 and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.31 They shall remove all the fat, just as the fat is removed from the fellowship offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altarver 35 as an aroma pleasing to the Lord.S Ge 8:21 In this way the priest will make atonementLev 1:4 for them, and they will be forgiven.S ver 20

32 “‘If someone brings a lambEx 29:38; Lev 9:3; 14:10 as their sin offering, they are to bring a female without defect.Lev 1:333 They are to lay their hand on its head and slaughter itLev 1:5 for a sin offeringLev 1:4 at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered.ver 2934 Then the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.S ver 735 They shall remove all the fat, just as the fat is removed from the lamb of the fellowship offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altarver 31 on top of the food offerings presented to the Lord. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.

“‘If anyone sins because they do not speak up when they hear a public charge to testifyPr 29:24; Mt 26:63 regarding something they have seen or learned about, they will be held responsible.ver 17; S Ex 28:38; Lev 7:18; 17:16; 19:8; 20:17; 24:15; Nu 5:31; 9:13; 15:31; 19:20; 30:15

“‘If anyone becomes aware that they are guilty—if they unwittingly touch anything ceremonially unclean (whether the carcass of an unclean animal, wild or domestic, or of any unclean creature that moves along the ground)Lev 11:11, 24-40; Dt 14:8; Isa 52:11 and they are unaware that they have become unclean,ver 3; Lev 7:21; 11:8, 24; 13:45; Nu 19:22; Job 15:16; Ps 51:5; Isa 6:5; 64:6; Eze 36:17; Hag 2:13 but then they come to realize their guilt;or if they touch human uncleannessNu 19:11-16 (anything that would make them unclean)Lev 7:20; 11:25; 14:19; 21:1; Nu 5:2; 9:6; 19:7; Eze 44:25 even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt;or if anyone thoughtlessly takes an oathNu 30:6, 8 to do anything, whether good or evilIsa 41:23 (in any matter one might carelessly swear about) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt—when anyone becomes aware that they are guilty in any of these matters, they must confessLev 16:21; 26:40; Nu 5:7; Jos 7:19; 1Ki 8:47; Pr 28:13 in what way they have sinned.As a penalty for the sin they have committed, they must bring to the Lord a female lamb or goatS Lev 1:10; S 4:3 from the flock as a sin offeringOr purification offering; here and throughout this chapter;S Lev 4:28 and the priest shall make atonementS Ex 32:30 for them for their sin.

“‘Anyone who cannot affordver 11; Lev 12:8; 14:21; 27:8 a lambLev 12:8; 14:22, 30 is to bring two doves or two young pigeonsS Ge 15:9; Nu 6:10 to the Lord as a penalty for their sin—one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.They are to bring them to the priest, who shall first offer the one for the sin offering. He is to wring its head from its neck,Lev 1:15 not dividing it completely,Lev 1:17and is to splashS Ex 24:6 some of the blood of the sin offering against the side of the altar;Lev 1:15 the rest of the blood must be drained out at the base of the altar.S Lev 4:7 It is a sin offering.10 The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed wayLev 1:14-17; 1Ch 15:13 and make atonementS Ex 32:30 for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.S Lev 4:26

11 “‘If, however, they cannot affordS ver 7 two doves or two young pigeons,S Ge 15:9 they are to bring as an offering for their sin a tenth of an ephahThat is, probably about 3 1/2 pounds or about 1.6 kilogramsS Ex 16:36 of the finest flourS Lev 2:1 for a sin offering. They must not put olive oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.12 They are to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorialOr representative portionS Lev 2:2 and burn it on the altarLev 2:9 on top of the food offerings presented to the Lord. It is a sin offering.13 In this way the priest will make atonementS Ex 32:30 for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest,Lev 2:3 as in the case of the grain offering.S Ex 29:41’”

The Guilt Offering

14 The Lord said to Moses:15 “When anyone is unfaithful to the Lord by sinning unintentionallyS Lev 4:2 in regard to any of the Lord’s holy things, they are to bring to the Lord as a penaltyLev 22:14 a ramS Ex 29:3; Lev 6:6; Nu 5:8; 6:14; 15:6; 28:11 from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel.That is, about 2/5 ounce or about 12 gramsS Ex 30:13 It is a guilt offering.ver 16, 18; Lev 6:5, 6; 7:1, 7; 14:12-17; 19:21, 22; Nu 6:12; 18:9; 1Sa 6:3; Ezr 10:19; Isa 53:1016 They must make restitutionLev 6:4 for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its valuever 15; Lev 27:13; Nu 5:7 and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.

17 “If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, even though they do not know it,ver 15 they are guilty and will be held responsible.S ver 118 They are to bring to the priest as a guilt offeringLev 6:6; 14:12 a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.S ver 1519 It is a guilt offering; they have been guilty ofOr offering; atonement has been made for their wrongdoing against the Lord.”2Ki 12:16

Procedures for the Sin Offering

Then the Lord said to Moses,“Give the following instructions to the people of Israel. This is how you are to deal with those who sin unintentionally by doing anything that violates one of the Lord’s commands.

“If the high priestHebrew the anointed priest; also in 4:5, 16. sins, bringing guilt upon the entire community, he must give a sin offering for the sin he has committed. He must present to the Lord a young bull with no defects.He must bring the bull to the Lord at the entrance of the Tabernacle,Hebrew Tent of Meeting; also in 4:5, 7, 14, 16, 18. lay his hand on the bull’s head, and slaughter it before the Lord.The high priest will then take some of the bull’s blood into the Tabernacle,dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord in front of the inner curtain of the sanctuary.The priest will then put some of the blood on the horns of the altar for fragrant incense that stands in the Lord’s presence inside the Tabernacle. He will pour out the rest of the bull’s blood at the base of the altar for burnt offerings at the entrance of the Tabernacle.Then the priest must remove all the fat of the bull to be offered as a sin offering. This includes all the fat around the internal organs,the two kidneys and the fat around them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver. He must remove these along with the kidneys,10 just as he does with cattle offered as a peace offering, and burn them on the altar of burnt offerings.11 But he must take whatever is left of the bull—its hide, meat, head, legs, internal organs, and dung—12 and carry it away to a place outside the camp that is ceremonially clean, the place where the ashes are dumped. There, on the ash heap, he will burn it on a wood fire.

13 “If the entire Israelite community sins by violating one of the Lord’s commands, but the people don’t realize it, they are still guilty.14 When they become aware of their sin, the people must bring a young bull as an offering for their sin and present it before the Tabernacle.15 The elders of the community must then lay their hands on the bull’s head and slaughter it before the Lord.16 The high priest will then take some of the bull’s blood into the Tabernacle,17 dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord in front of the inner curtain.18 He will then put some of the blood on the horns of the altar for fragrant incense that stands in the Lord’s presence inside the Tabernacle. He will pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar for burnt offerings at the entrance of the Tabernacle.19 Then the priest must remove all the animal’s fat and burn it on the altar,20 just as he does with the bull offered as a sin offering for the high priest. Through this process, the priest will purify the people, making them right with the Lord,Or will make atonement for the people; similarly in 4:26, 31, 35. and they will be forgiven.21 Then the priest must take what is left of the bull and carry it outside the camp and burn it there, just as is done with the sin offering for the high priest. This offering is for the sin of the entire congregation of Israel.

22 “If one of Israel’s leaders sins by violating one of the commands of the Lord his God but doesn’t realize it, he is still guilty.23 When he becomes aware of his sin, he must bring as his offering a male goat with no defects.24 He must lay his hand on the goat’s head and slaughter it at the place where burnt offerings are slaughtered before the Lord. This is an offering for his sin.25 Then the priest will dip his finger in the blood of the sin offering and put it on the horns of the altar for burnt offerings. He will pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.26 Then he must burn all the goat’s fat on the altar, just as he does with the peace offering. Through this process, the priest will purify the leader from his sin, making him right with the Lord, and he will be forgiven.

27 “If any of the common people sin by violating one of the Lord’s commands, but they don’t realize it, they are still guilty.28 When they become aware of their sin, they must bring as an offering for their sin a female goat with no defects.29 They must lay a hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it at the place where burnt offerings are slaughtered.30 Then the priest will dip his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar for burnt offerings. He will pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.31 Then he must remove all the goat’s fat, just as he does with the fat of the peace offering. He will burn the fat on the altar, and it will be a pleasing aroma to the Lord. Through this process, the priest will purify the people, making them right with the Lord, and they will be forgiven.

32 “If the people bring a sheep as their sin offering, it must be a female with no defects.33 They must lay a hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it at the place where burnt offerings are slaughtered.34 Then the priest will dip his finger in the blood of the sin offering and put it on the horns of the altar for burnt offerings. He will pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.35 Then he must remove all the sheep’s fat, just as he does with the fat of a sheep presented as a peace offering. He will burn the fat on the altar on top of the special gifts presented to the Lord. Through this process, the priest will purify the people from their sin, making them right with the Lord, and they will be forgiven.

Sins Requiring a Sin Offering

“If you are called to testify about something you have seen or that you know about, it is sinful to refuse to testify, and you will be punished for your sin.

“Or suppose you unknowingly touch something that is ceremonially unclean, such as the carcass of an unclean animal. When you realize what you have done, you must admit your defilement and your guilt. This is true whether it is a wild animal, a domestic animal, or an animal that scurries along the ground.

“Or suppose you unknowingly touch something that makes a person unclean. When you realize what you have done, you must admit your guilt.

“Or suppose you make a foolish vow of any kind, whether its purpose is for good or for bad. When you realize its foolishness, you must admit your guilt.

“When you become aware of your guilt in any of these ways, you must confess your sin.Then you must bring to the Lord as the penalty for your sin a female from the flock, either a sheep or a goat. This is a sin offering with which the priest will purify you from your sin, making you right with the Lord.Or will make atonement for you for your sin; similarly in 5:10, 13, 16, 18.

“But if you cannot afford to bring a sheep, you may bring to the Lord two turtledoves or two young pigeons as the penalty for your sin. One of the birds will be for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.You must bring them to the priest, who will present the first bird as the sin offering. He will wring its neck but without severing its head from the body.Then he will sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering against the sides of the altar, and the rest of the blood will be drained out at the base of the altar. This is an offering for sin.10 The priest will then prepare the second bird as a burnt offering, following all the procedures that have been prescribed. Through this process the priest will purify you from your sin, making you right with the Lord, and you will be forgiven.

11 “If you cannot afford to bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons, you may bring two quartsHebrew 1⁄10 of an ephah [2.2 liters]. of choice flour for your sin offering. Since it is an offering for sin, you must not moisten it with olive oil or put any frankincense on it.12 Take the flour to the priest, who will scoop out a handful as a representative portion. He will burn it on the altar on top of the special gifts presented to the Lord. It is an offering for sin.13 Through this process, the priest will purify those who are guilty of any of these sins, making them right with the Lord, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the flour will belong to the priest, just as with the grain offering.”

Procedures for the Guilt Offering

14 Then the Lord said to Moses,15 “If one of you commits a sin by unintentionally defiling the Lord’s sacred property, you must bring a guilt offering to the Lord. The offering must be your own ram with no defects, or you may buy one of equal value with silver, as measured by the weight of the sanctuary shekel.Each shekel was about 0.4 ounces or 11 grams in weight.16 You must make restitution for the sacred property you have harmed by paying for the loss, plus an additional 20 percent. When you give the payment to the priest, he will purify you with the ram sacrificed as a guilt offering, making you right with the Lord, and you will be forgiven.

17 “Suppose you sin by violating one of the Lord’s commands. Even if you are unaware of what you have done, you are guilty and will be punished for your sin.18 For a guilt offering, you must bring to the priest your own ram with no defects, or you may buy one of equal value. Through this process the priest will purify you from your unintentional sin, making you right with the Lord, and you will be forgiven.19 This is a guilt offering, for you have been guilty of an offense against the Lord.”

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the Lord concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them:

If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the Lord for a sin offering.

And he shall bring the bullock unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord; and shall lay his hand upon the bullock's head, and kill the bullock before the Lord.

And the priest that is anointed shall take of the bullock's blood, and bring it to the tabernacle of the congregation:

And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the Lord, before the vail of the sanctuary.

And the priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the Lord, which is in the tabernacle of the congregation; and shall pour all the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

And he shall take off from it all the fat of the bullock for the sin offering; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,

And the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away,

10 As it was taken off from the bullock of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall burn them upon the altar of the burnt offering.

11 And the skin of the bullock, and all his flesh, with his head, and with his legs, and his inwards, and his dung,

12 Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt.

13 And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the Lord concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty;

14 When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation.

15 And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock before the Lord: and the bullock shall be killed before the Lord.

16 And the priest that is anointed shall bring of the bullock's blood to the tabernacle of the congregation:

17 And the priest shall dip his finger in some of the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord, even before the vail.

18 And he shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar which is before the Lord, that is in the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall pour out all the blood at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

19 And he shall take all his fat from him, and burn it upon the altar.

20 And he shall do with the bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin offering, so shall he do with this: and the priest shall make an atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them.

21 And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first bullock: it is a sin offering for the congregation.

22 When a ruler hath sinned, and done somewhat through ignorance against any of the commandments of the Lord his God concerning things which should not be done, and is guilty;

23 Or if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, come to his knowledge; he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a male without blemish:

24 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the goat, and kill it in the place where they kill the burnt offering before the Lord: it is a sin offering.

25 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out his blood at the bottom of the altar of burnt offering.

26 And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall make an atonement for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.

27 And if any one of the common people sin through ignorance, while he doeth somewhat against any of the commandments of the Lord concerning things which ought not to be done, and be guilty;

28 Or if his sin, which he hath sinned, come to his knowledge: then he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he hath sinned.

29 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slay the sin offering in the place of the burnt offering.

30 And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the blood thereof at the bottom of the altar.

31 And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat is taken away from off the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour unto the Lord; and the priest shall make an atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.

32 And if he bring a lamb for a sin offering, he shall bring it a female without blemish.

33 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slay it for a sin offering in the place where they kill the burnt offering.

34 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the blood thereof at the bottom of the altar:

35 And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the Lord: and the priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be forgiven him.

And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcase of an unclean beast, or a carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of unclean creeping things, and if it be hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty.

Or if he touch the uncleanness of man, whatsoever uncleanness it be that a man shall be defiled withal, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty.

Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these.

And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he hath sinned in that thing:

And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the Lord for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.

And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the Lord; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.

And he shall bring them unto the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off his head from his neck, but shall not divide it asunder:

And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar: it is a sin offering.

10 And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the manner: and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.

11 But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering.

12 Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the Lord: it is a sin offering.

13 And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a meat offering.

14 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the Lord; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the Lord a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering.

16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.

17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the Lord; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.

18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.

19 It is a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the Lord.

Mark 2:13-3:6

Jesus Calls Levi and Eats With Sinners2:14-17pp — Mt 9:9-13; Lk 5:27-32

13 Once again Jesus went out beside the lake. A large crowd came to him,Mk 1:45; Lk 5:15; Jn 6:2 and he began to teach them.14 As he walked along, he saw Levi son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax collector’s booth. “Follow me,”S Mt 4:19 Jesus told him, and Levi got up and followed him.

15 While Jesus was having dinner at Levi’s house, many tax collectors and sinners were eating with him and his disciples, for there were many who followed him.16 When the teachers of the law who were PhariseesAc 23:9 saw him eating with the sinners and tax collectors, they asked his disciples: “Why does he eat with tax collectors and sinners?”S Mt 9:11

17 On hearing this, Jesus said to them, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”Lk 19:10; 1Ti 1:15

Jesus Questioned About Fasting2:18-22pp — Mt 9:14-17; Lk 5:33-38

18 Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting.S Mt 6:16-18; Ac 13:2 Some people came and asked Jesus, “How is it that John’s disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees are fasting, but yours are not?”

19 Jesus answered, “How can the guests of the bridegroom fast while he is with them? They cannot, so long as they have him with them.20 But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them,Lk 17:22 and on that day they will fast.

21 “No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment. Otherwise, the new piece will pull away from the old, making the tear worse.22 And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. No, they pour new wine into new wineskins.”

Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath2:23-28pp — Mt 12:1-8; Lk 6:1-53:1-6pp — Mt 12:9-14; Lk 6:6-11

23 One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grainfields, and as his disciples walked along, they began to pick some heads of grain.Dt 23:2524 The Pharisees said to him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?”S Mt 12:2

25 He answered, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?26 In the days of Abiathar the high priest,1Ch 24:6; 2Sa 8:17 he entered the house of God and ate the consecrated bread, which is lawful only for priests to eat.Lev 24:5-9 And he also gave some to his companions.”1Sa 21:1-6

27 Then he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man,Ex 23:12; Dt 5:14 not man for the Sabbath.Col 2:1628 So the Son of ManS Mt 8:20 is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

Jesus Heals on the Sabbath

Another time Jesus went into the synagogue,S Mt 4:23; Mk 1:21 and a man with a shriveled hand was there.Some of them were looking for a reason to accuse Jesus, so they watched him closelyS Mt 12:10 to see if he would heal him on the Sabbath.Lk 14:1Jesus said to the man with the shriveled hand, “Stand up in front of everyone.”

Then Jesus asked them, “Which is lawful on the Sabbath: to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?” But they remained silent.

He looked around at them in anger and, deeply distressed at their stubborn hearts, said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out, and his hand was completely restored.Then the Pharisees went out and began to plot with the HerodiansMt 22:16; Mk 12:13 how they might kill Jesus.S Mt 12:14

Jesus Calls Levi (Matthew)

13 Then Jesus went out to the lakeshore again and taught the crowds that were coming to him.14 As he walked along, he saw Levi son of Alphaeus sitting at his tax collector’s booth. “Follow me and be my disciple,” Jesus said to him. So Levi got up and followed him.

15 Later, Levi invited Jesus and his disciples to his home as dinner guests, along with many tax collectors and other disreputable sinners. (There were many people of this kind among Jesus’ followers.)16 But when the teachers of religious law who were PhariseesGreek the scribes of the Pharisees. saw him eating with tax collectors and other sinners, they asked his disciples, “Why does he eat with such scum?Greek with tax collectors and sinners?

17 When Jesus heard this, he told them, “Healthy people don’t need a doctor—sick people do. I have come to call not those who think they are righteous, but those who know they are sinners.”

A Discussion about Fasting

18 Once when John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting, some people came to Jesus and asked, “Why don’t your disciples fast like John’s disciples and the Pharisees do?”

19 Jesus replied, “Do wedding guests fast while celebrating with the groom? Of course not. They can’t fast while the groom is with them.20 But someday the groom will be taken away from them, and then they will fast.

21 “Besides, who would patch old clothing with new cloth? For the new patch would shrink and rip away from the old cloth, leaving an even bigger tear than before.

22 “And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. For the wine would burst the wineskins, and the wine and the skins would both be lost. New wine calls for new wineskins.”

A Discussion about the Sabbath

23 One Sabbath day as Jesus was walking through some grainfields, his disciples began breaking off heads of grain to eat.24 But the Pharisees said to Jesus, “Look, why are they breaking the law by harvesting grain on the Sabbath?”

25 Jesus said to them, “Haven’t you ever read in the Scriptures what David did when he and his companions were hungry?26 He went into the house of God (during the days when Abiathar was high priest) and broke the law by eating the sacred loaves of bread that only the priests are allowed to eat. He also gave some to his companions.”

27 Then Jesus said to them, “The Sabbath was made to meet the needs of people, and not people to meet the requirements of the Sabbath.28 So the Son of Man is Lord, even over the Sabbath!”

Jesus Heals on the Sabbath

Jesus went into the synagogue again and noticed a man with a deformed hand.Since it was the Sabbath, Jesus’ enemies watched him closely. If he healed the man’s hand, they planned to accuse him of working on the Sabbath.

Jesus said to the man with the deformed hand, “Come and stand in front of everyone.”Then he turned to his critics and asked, “Does the law permit good deeds on the Sabbath, or is it a day for doing evil? Is this a day to save life or to destroy it?” But they wouldn’t answer him.

He looked around at them angrily and was deeply saddened by their hard hearts. Then he said to the man, “Hold out your hand.” So the man held out his hand, and it was restored!At once the Pharisees went away and met with the supporters of Herod to plot how to kill Jesus.

13 And he went forth again by the sea side; and all the multitude resorted unto him, and he taught them.

14 And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose and followed him.

15 And it came to pass, that, as Jesus sat at meat in his house, many publicans and sinners sat also together with Jesus and his disciples: for there were many, and they followed him.

16 And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners?

17 When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole have no need of the physician, but they that are sick: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

18 And the disciples of John and of the Pharisees used to fast: and they come and say unto him, Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but thy disciples fast not?

19 And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? as long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast.

20 But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.

21 No man also seweth a piece of new cloth on an old garment: else the new piece that filled it up taketh away from the old, and the rent is made worse.

22 And no man putteth new wine into old bottles: else the new wine doth burst the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the bottles will be marred: but new wine must be put into new bottles.

23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

26 How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?

27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:

28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

And he entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a withered hand.

And they watched him, whether he would heal him on the sabbath day; that they might accuse him.

And he saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth.

And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill? But they held their peace.

And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.

And the Pharisees went forth, and straightway took counsel with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him.

Psalm 36:1-12

Psalm 36In Hebrew texts 36:1-12 is numbered 36:2-13.

For the director of music. Of David the servant of the Lord.

I have a message from God in my heart

concerning the sinfulness of the wicked:Or A message from God: The transgression of the wicked / resides in their hearts.S Job 21:16

There is no fearJer 2:19; 36:16, 24 of God

before their eyes.S Job 23:15; Ro 3:18*

In their own eyes they flatter themselves

too much to detect or hate their sin.Dt 29:19

The words of their mouthsPs 10:7 are wicked and deceitful;S Job 5:13; Ps 5:6, 9; 43:1; 144:8, 11; Isa 44:20

they fail to act wiselyPs 94:8 or do good.Jer 4:22; 13:23; Am 3:10

Even on their beds they plot evil;Pr 4:16

they commit themselves to a sinful courseIsa 65:2

and do not reject what is wrong.Ps 52:3; Ro 12:9

Your love, Lord, reaches to the heavens,

your faithfulnessPs 89:1; 119:90 to the skies.Ps 57:10; 71:19; 89:2; 103:11; 108:4

Your righteousnessPs 5:8 is like the highest mountains,Ps 68:15

your justice like the great deep.S Ge 1:2; S 7:11

You, Lord, preserve both people and animals.Ne 9:6; Ps 104:14; 145:16

How priceless is your unfailing love, O God!Ps 6:4

People take refuge in the shadow of your wings.S Ru 2:12; S Ps 17:8; 57:1; 91:4

They feast on the abundance of your house;Ps 65:4; Isa 25:6; Jer 31:12, 14

you give them drink from your riverJob 20:17; Rev 22:1 of delights.S Ps 23:2; 63:5

For with you is the fountain of life;Ps 87:7; Pr 10:11; 16:22; Jer 2:13

in your lightPs 4:6; 27:1; 76:4; 104:2; Isa 2:5; 9:2; 60:1, 19; Jn 1:4; 1Pe 2:9 we see light.

10 Continue your loveJer 31:3 to those who know you,Jer 9:24; 22:16

your righteousness to the upright in heart.Ps 7:10; 11:2; 94:15; 125:4

11 May the foot of the proud not come against me,

nor the hand of the wickedPs 71:4; 140:4 drive me away.

12 See how the evildoers lie fallen—

thrown down, not able to rise!S Ps 18:38

Psalm 36

For the choir director: A psalm of David, the servant of the Lord.

Sin whispers to the wicked, deep within their hearts.As in some Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac version, which read in his heart. Masoretic Text reads in my heart.

They have no fear of God at all.

In their blind conceit,

they cannot see how wicked they really are.

Everything they say is crooked and deceitful.

They refuse to act wisely or do good.

They lie awake at night, hatching sinful plots.

Their actions are never good.

They make no attempt to turn from evil.

Your unfailing love, O Lord, is as vast as the heavens;

your faithfulness reaches beyond the clouds.

Your righteousness is like the mighty mountains,

your justice like the ocean depths.

You care for people and animals alike, O Lord.

How precious is your unfailing love, O God!

All humanity finds shelter

in the shadow of your wings.

You feed them from the abundance of your own house,

letting them drink from your river of delights.

For you are the fountain of life,

the light by which we see.

10 Pour out your unfailing love on those who love you;

give justice to those with honest hearts.

11 Don’t let the proud trample me

or the wicked push me around.

12 Look! Those who do evil have fallen!

They are thrown down, never to rise again.

36 The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, that there is no fear of God before his eyes.

For he flattereth himself in his own eyes, until his iniquity be found to be hateful.

The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, and to do good.

He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way that is not good; he abhorreth not evil.

Thy mercy, O Lord, is in the heavens; and thy faithfulness reacheth unto the clouds.

Thy righteousness is like the great mountains; thy judgments are a great deep: O Lord, thou preservest man and beast.

How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.

They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.

For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.

10 O continue thy lovingkindness unto them that know thee; and thy righteousness to the upright in heart.

11 Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked remove me.

12 There are the workers of iniquity fallen: they are cast down, and shall not be able to rise.

Proverbs 10:1-2

Proverbs of Solomon

10 The proverbsS 1Ki 4:32 of Solomon:S Pr 1:1

A wise son brings joy to his father,Pr 15:20; 17:21; 19:13; 23:22-25; 27:11; 29:3

but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.

Ill-gotten treasures have no lasting value,Pr 13:11; 21:6

but righteousness delivers from death.ver 16; Pr 11:4, 19; 12:28

The Proverbs of Solomon

10 The proverbs of Solomon:

A wise childHebrew son; also in 10:1b. brings joy to a father;

a foolish child brings grief to a mother.

Tainted wealth has no lasting value,

but right living can save your life.

10 The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

Treasures of wickedness profit nothing: but righteousness delivereth from death.

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