Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

We know from the biblical account of Israel's exodus from Egypt that Moses grew weary of the Israelites' constant grumbling. Though they experienced many miracles on their wilderness journey, distasteful experiences and feelings of being robbed or cheated had left them bitter.

Esau, too, developed a "root of bitterness" (Hebrews 12:15-17 KJV) because he felt Jacob had stolen his birthright. Naomi, Ruth's mother-in-law, changed her name to Mara (or bitter) because she lost her husband and two sons through death (Ruth 1:20).

Bitterness can happen to anyone who has been hurt. Reflections of the past can pour back into our minds, spilling poison into the waters of our relationships. But God can turn bitterness into blessing. That's just what He did when he showed Moses a tree that made the bitter waters sweet.

The cross of Jesus can be thrown into any bitter pool and its waters made sweet. In their darkest hour, Paul and Silas chose to praise God in the Philippian prison (Acts 16:25), and God made their bitter waters sweet.

Only the cross of Christ will keep you free from the root of bitterness as well as the fruit of bitterness: disease. Let the cross sweeten your waters today. Be healed, emotionally and physically, from the waters of Marah.

Exodus 15:19-17:7

19 When Pharaoh’s horses, chariots and horsemenOr charioteers went into the sea,S Ex 14:28 the Lord brought the waters of the sea back over them, but the Israelites walked through the sea on dry ground.S Ex 14:2220 Then Miriamver 21; Ex 2:4; Nu 12:1; 20:1; 26:59; 1Ch 4:17; 6:3 the prophet,Jdg 4:4; 2Ki 22:14; 2Ch 34:22; Ne 6:14; Isa 8:3; Eze 13:17 Aaron’s sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrelsS Ge 31:27; 1Sa 18:6; Ps 81:2; Isa 30:32 and dancing.S Ge 4:21; Jdg 11:34; 21:21; 1Sa 18:6; 2Sa 6:5, 14, 16; Ps 30:11; 149:3; 150:4; SS 6:13; Jer 31:4, 1321 Miriam sang1Sa 18:7 to them:

“Sing to the Lord,

for he is highly exalted.

Both horse and driverAm 2:15; Hag 2:22

he has hurled into the sea.”S Ex 14:27

The Waters of Marah and Elim

22 Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea and they went into the DesertPs 78:52 of Shur.S Ge 16:7 For three days they traveled in the desert without finding water.Ex 17:1, 3; Nu 20:2, 5; 33:14; Ps 107:523 When they came to Marah, they could not drink its water because it was bitter. (That is why the place is called Marah.Marah means bitter.Nu 33:8; Ru 1:20)24 So the people grumbledS Ex 14:12; 16:2; 7:3; Nu 14:2; Jos 9:18; Ps 78:18, 42; 106:13, 25; Eze 16:43 against Moses, saying, “What are we to drink?”Mt 6:31

25 Then Moses cried outS Ex 14:10 to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a piece of wood. He threw2Ki 2:21; 4:41; 6:6 it into the water, and the water became fit to drink.

There the Lord issued a ruling and instruction for them and put them to the test.S Ge 22:1; Jdg 3:4; Job 23:10; Ps 81:7; Isa 48:1026 He said, “If you listen carefully to the Lord your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keepEx 23:22; Dt 11:13; 15:5; 28:1; Jer 11:6 all his decrees,Ex 19:5-6; 20:2-17; Dt 7:12 I will not bring on you any of the diseasesDt 7:15; 28:27, 58-60; 32:39; 1Sa 5:6; Ps 30:2; 41:3-4; 103:3 I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the Lord, who healsEx 23:25-26; 2Ki 20:5; Ps 25:11; 103:3; 107:20; Jer 30:17; Hos 11:3 you.”

27 Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees, and they campedNu 33:9 there near the water.

Manna and Quail

16 The whole Israelite community set out from Elim and came to the Desert of Sin,Ex 17:1; Nu 33:11, 12 which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt.S Ex 6:6; 12:1-2In the desert the whole community grumbledS Ex 15:24; 1Co 10:10 against Moses and Aaron.The Israelites said to them, “If only we had died by the Lord’s hand in Egypt!Ex 17:3; Nu 14:2; 20:3 There we sat around pots of meat and ate all the foodNu 11:4, 34; Dt 12:20; Ps 78:18; 106:14; Jer 44:17 we wanted, but you have brought us out into this desert to starve this entire assembly to death.”S Ge 47:15; Dt 8:3

Then the Lord said to Moses, “I will rain down bread from heavenver 14-15; Dt 8:3; Ne 9:15; Ps 78:24; 105:40; S Jn 6:31* for you. The people are to go out each day and gather enough for that day. In this way I will testS Ge 22:1 them and see whether they will follow my instructions.On the sixth day they are to prepare what they bring in, and that is to be twicever 22; Lev 25:21 as much as they gather on the other days.”

So Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, “In the evening you will know that it was the Lord who brought you out of Egypt,S Ex 6:6and in the morning you will see the gloryver 10; Ex 24:16; 29:43; 33:18, 22; 40:34; Lev 9:6; Nu 16:19, 42; Dt 5:24; 1Ki 8:11; Ps 63:2; Isa 6:3; 35:2; 40:5; 44:23; 60:1; 66:18; Eze 1:28; 10:4; 43:5; Hab 2:14; Hag 2:7; Jn 11:40 of the Lord, because he has heard your grumblingver 12; Nu 11:1, 18; 14:2, 27, 28; 17:5 against him. Who are we, that you should grumble against us?”Nu 16:11Moses also said, “You will know that it was the Lord when he gives you meat to eat in the evening and all the bread you want in the morning, because he has heard your grumblingver 7 against him. Who are we? You are not grumbling against us, but against the Lord.”Nu 23:21; Dt 33:5; Jdg 8:23; 1Sa 8:7; 12:12; S Mt 10:40; Ro 13:2; 1Th 4:8

Then Moses told Aaron, “Say to the entire Israelite community, ‘Come before the Lord, for he has heard your grumbling.’”

10 While Aaron was speaking to the whole Israelite community, they looked toward the desert, and there was the gloryS ver 7; Jn 11:4 of the Lord appearing in the cloud.Ex 13:21; 40:34-35; 1Ki 8:10; 2Ch 7:1; Eze 10:4

11 The Lord said to Moses,12 “I have heard the grumblingS ver 7 of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God.’”S Ex 6:2; S 20:2

13 That evening quailNu 11:31; Ps 78:27-28; 105:40; 106:15 came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dewNu 11:9 around the camp.14 When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frostver 31; Nu 11:7-9; Dt 8:3, 16; Ps 105:40 on the ground appeared on the desert floor.15 When the Israelites saw it, they said to each other, “What is it?” For they did not knowDt 8:16 what it was.

Moses said to them, “It is the breadS ver 4; Ne 9:20; S Jn 6:31 the Lord has given you to eat.16 This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Everyone is to gather as much as they need. Take an omerThat is, possibly about 3 pounds or about 1.4 kilograms; also in verses 18, 32, 33 and 36ver 32, 36 for each person you have in your tent.’”

17 The Israelites did as they were told; some gathered much, some little.18 And when they measured it by the omer, the one who gathered much did not have too much, and the one who gathered little did not have too little.2Co 8:15* Everyone had gathered just as much as they needed.

19 Then Moses said to them, “No one is to keep any of it until morning.”ver 23; Ex 12:10

20 However, some of them paid no attention to Moses; they kept part of it until morning, but it was full of maggots and began to smell.ver 24 So Moses was angryEx 32:19 with them.

21 Each morning everyone gathered as much as they needed, and when the sun grew hot, it melted away.22 On the sixth day, they gathered twiceS ver 5 as much—two omersThat is, possibly about 6 pounds or about 2.8 kilograms for each person—and the leaders of the communityEx 34:31 came and reported this to Moses.23 He said to them, “This is what the Lord commanded: ‘Tomorrow is to be a day of sabbath rest, a holy sabbathS Ge 2:3; S Ex 20:8; Dt 5:13-14 to the Lord. So bake what you want to bake and boil what you want to boil. Save whatever is left and keep it until morning.’”

24 So they saved it until morning, as Moses commanded, and it did not stink or get maggots in it.25 “Eat it today,” Moses said, “because today is a sabbath to the Lord. You will not find any of it on the ground today.26 Six days you are to gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath,ver 23 there will not be any.”

27 Nevertheless, some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather it, but they found none.28 Then the Lord said to Moses, “How long will youThe Hebrew is plural. refuse to keep my commandsJos 9:14; Ps 78:10; 106:13; 107:11; 119:1; Jer 32:23 and my instructions?29 Bear in mind that the Lord has given you the Sabbath; that is why on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. Everyone is to stay where they are on the seventh day; no one is to go out.”30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

31 The people of Israel called the bread manna.Manna sounds like the Hebrew for What is it? (see verse 15).S ver 14 It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.32 Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Take an omer of manna and keep it for the generations to come, so they can see the bread I gave you to eat in the wilderness when I brought you out of Egypt.’”

33 So Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put an omer of mannaHeb 9:4; Rev 2:17 in it. Then place it before the Lord to be kept for the generations to come.”

34 As the Lord commanded Moses, Aaron put the manna with the tablets of the covenant law,Ex 25:16, 21, 22; 27:21; 31:18; 40:20; Lev 16:13; Nu 1:50; 7:89; 10:11; 17:4, 10; Dt 10:2; 1Ki 8:9; 2Ch 5:10 so that it might be preserved.35 The Israelites ate mannaJn 6:31, 49 forty years,Nu 14:33; 33:38; Dt 1:3; 2:7; 8:2-4; Jos 5:6; Jdg 3:11; Ne 9:21; Ps 95:10; Am 5:25 until they came to a land that was settled; they ate manna until they reached the border of Canaan.Jos 5:12

36 (An omerS ver 16 is one-tenth of an ephah.)Lev 5:11; 6:20; Nu 5:15; 15:4; 28:5

Water From the Rock

17 The whole Israelite community set out from the Desert of Sin,S Ex 16:1 traveling from place to place as the Lord commanded. They camped at Rephidim,ver 8; Ex 19:2; Nu 33:15 but there was no waterNu 20:5; 21:5; 33:14 for the people to drink.So they quarreled with Moses and said, “Give us waterNu 20:2; 33:14; Ps 107:5 to drink.”S Ex 14:12

Moses replied, “Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you put the Lord to the test?”Dt 6:16; Ps 78:18, 41; 106:14; Mt 4:7; 1Co 10:9

But the people were thirstyS Ex 15:22 for water there, and they grumbledS Ex 15:24 against Moses. They said, “Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to make us and our children and livestock dieS Ex 14:11 of thirst?”

Then Moses cried out to the Lord, “What am I to do with these people? They are almost ready to stoneNu 14:10; 1Sa 30:6; S Jn 8:59 me.”

The Lord answered Moses, “Go out in front of the people. Take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand the staffS Ex 4:2; S 10:12-13 with which you struck the Nile,Ex 7:20 and go.I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb.S Ex 3:1 StrikeNu 20:8 the rock, and waterNu 20:11; Dt 8:15; Jdg 15:19; 2Ki 3:20; Ne 9:15; Ps 74:15; 78:15-16; 105:41; 107:35; 114:8; Isa 30:25; 35:6; 43:19; 48:21; 1Co 10:4 will come out of it for the people to drink.” So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.And he called the place MassahMassah means testing.Dt 6:16; 9:22; 33:8; Ps 95:8 and MeribahMeribah means quarreling.Nu 20:13, 24; 27:14; Ps 81:7; 106:32 because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the Lord saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?”

19 When Pharaoh’s horses, chariots, and charioteers rushed into the sea, the Lord brought the water crashing down on them. But the people of Israel had walked through the middle of the sea on dry ground!

20 Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron’s sister, took a tambourine and led all the women as they played their tambourines and danced.21 And Miriam sang this song:

“Sing to the Lord,

for he has triumphed gloriously;

he has hurled both horse and rider

into the sea.”

Bitter Water at Marah

22 Then Moses led the people of Israel away from the Red Sea, and they moved out into the desert of Shur. They traveled in this desert for three days without finding any water.23 When they came to the oasis of Marah, the water was too bitter to drink. So they called the place Marah (which means “bitter”).

24 Then the people complained and turned against Moses. “What are we going to drink?” they demanded.25 So Moses cried out to the Lord for help, and the Lord showed him a piece of wood. Moses threw it into the water, and this made the water good to drink.

It was there at Marah that the Lord set before them the following decree as a standard to test their faithfulness to him.26 He said, “If you will listen carefully to the voice of the Lord your God and do what is right in his sight, obeying his commands and keeping all his decrees, then I will not make you suffer any of the diseases I sent on the Egyptians; for I am the Lord who heals you.”

27 After leaving Marah, the Israelites traveled on to the oasis of Elim, where they found twelve springs and seventy palm trees. They camped there beside the water.

Manna and Quail from Heaven

16 Then the whole community of Israel set out from Elim and journeyed into the wilderness of Sin,The geographical name Sin is related to Sinai and should not be confused with the English word sin. between Elim and Mount Sinai. They arrived there on the fifteenth day of the second month, one month after leaving the land of Egypt.The Exodus had occurred on the fifteenth day of the first month (see Num 33:3).There, too, the whole community of Israel complained about Moses and Aaron.

“If only the Lord had killed us back in Egypt,” they moaned. “There we sat around pots filled with meat and ate all the bread we wanted. But now you have brought us into this wilderness to starve us all to death.”

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Look, I’m going to rain down food from heaven for you. Each day the people can go out and pick up as much food as they need for that day. I will test them in this to see whether or not they will follow my instructions.On the sixth day they will gather food, and when they prepare it, there will be twice as much as usual.”

So Moses and Aaron said to all the people of Israel, “By evening you will realize it was the Lord who brought you out of the land of Egypt.In the morning you will see the glory of the Lord, because he has heard your complaints, which are against him, not against us. What have we done that you should complain about us?”Then Moses added, “The Lord will give you meat to eat in the evening and bread to satisfy you in the morning, for he has heard all your complaints against him. What have we done? Yes, your complaints are against the Lord, not against us.”

Then Moses said to Aaron, “Announce this to the entire community of Israel: ‘Present yourselves before the Lord, for he has heard your complaining.’”10 And as Aaron spoke to the whole community of Israel, they looked out toward the wilderness. There they could see the awesome glory of the Lord in the cloud.

11 Then the Lord said to Moses,12 “I have heard the Israelites’ complaints. Now tell them, ‘In the evening you will have meat to eat, and in the morning you will have all the bread you want. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God.’”

13 That evening vast numbers of quail flew in and covered the camp. And the next morning the area around the camp was wet with dew.14 When the dew evaporated, a flaky substance as fine as frost blanketed the ground.15 The Israelites were puzzled when they saw it. “What is it?” they asked each other. They had no idea what it was.

And Moses told them, “It is the food the Lord has given you to eat.16 These are the Lord’s instructions: Each household should gather as much as it needs. Pick up two quartsHebrew 1 omer [2.2 liters]; also in 16:32, 33. for each person in your tent.”

17 So the people of Israel did as they were told. Some gathered a lot, some only a little.18 But when they measured it out,Hebrew measured it with an omer. everyone had just enough. Those who gathered a lot had nothing left over, and those who gathered only a little had enough. Each family had just what it needed.

19 Then Moses told them, “Do not keep any of it until morning.”20 But some of them didn’t listen and kept some of it until morning. But by then it was full of maggots and had a terrible smell. Moses was very angry with them.

21 After this the people gathered the food morning by morning, each family according to its need. And as the sun became hot, the flakes they had not picked up melted and disappeared.22 On the sixth day, they gathered twice as much as usual—four quartsHebrew 2 omers [4.4 liters]. for each person instead of two. Then all the leaders of the community came and asked Moses for an explanation.23 He told them, “This is what the Lord commanded: Tomorrow will be a day of complete rest, a holy Sabbath day set apart for the Lord. So bake or boil as much as you want today, and set aside what is left for tomorrow.”

24 So they put some aside until morning, just as Moses had commanded. And in the morning the leftover food was wholesome and good, without maggots or odor.25 Moses said, “Eat this food today, for today is a Sabbath day dedicated to the Lord. There will be no food on the ground today.26 You may gather the food for six days, but the seventh day is the Sabbath. There will be no food on the ground that day.”

27 Some of the people went out anyway on the seventh day, but they found no food.28 The Lord asked Moses, “How long will these people refuse to obey my commands and instructions?29 They must realize that the Sabbath is the Lord’s gift to you. That is why he gives you a two-day supply on the sixth day, so there will be enough for two days. On the Sabbath day you must each stay in your place. Do not go out to pick up food on the seventh day.”30 So the people did not gather any food on the seventh day.

31 The Israelites called the food manna.Manna means “What is it?” See 16:15. It was white like coriander seed, and it tasted like honey wafers.

32 Then Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded: Fill a two-quart container with manna to preserve it for your descendants. Then later generations will be able to see the food I gave you in the wilderness when I set you free from Egypt.”

33 Moses said to Aaron, “Get a jar and fill it with two quarts of manna. Then put it in a sacred place before the Lord to preserve it for all future generations.”34 Aaron did just as the Lord had commanded Moses. He eventually placed it in the Ark of the Covenant—in front of the stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant.Hebrew He placed it in front of the Testimony; see note on 25:16.35 So the people of Israel ate manna for forty years until they arrived at the land where they would settle. They ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

36 The container used to measure the manna was an omer, which was one-tenth of an ephah; it held about two quarts.Hebrew An omer is one-tenth of an ephah.

Water from the Rock

17 At the Lord’s command, the whole community of Israel left the wilderness of SinThe geographical name Sin is related to Sinai and should not be confused with the English word sin. and moved from place to place. Eventually they camped at Rephidim, but there was no water there for the people to drink.So once more the people complained against Moses. “Give us water to drink!” they demanded.

“Quiet!” Moses replied. “Why are you complaining against me? And why are you testing the Lord?”

But tormented by thirst, they continued to argue with Moses. “Why did you bring us out of Egypt? Are you trying to kill us, our children, and our livestock with thirst?”

Then Moses cried out to the Lord, “What should I do with these people? They are ready to stone me!”

The Lord said to Moses, “Walk out in front of the people. Take your staff, the one you used when you struck the water of the Nile, and call some of the elders of Israel to join you.I will stand before you on the rock at Mount Sinai.Hebrew Horeb, another name for Sinai. Strike the rock, and water will come gushing out. Then the people will be able to drink.” So Moses struck the rock as he was told, and water gushed out as the elders looked on.

Moses named the place Massah (which means “test”) and Meribah (which means “arguing”) because the people of Israel argued with Moses and tested the Lord by saying, “Is the Lord here with us or not?”

19 For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the Lord brought again the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.

20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.

21 And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.

23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

25 And he cried unto the Lord; and the Lord shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them,

26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the Lord that healeth thee.

27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters.

16 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

Then said the Lord unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.

And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.

And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the Lord hath brought you out from the land of Egypt:

And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the Lord; for that he heareth your murmurings against the Lord: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?

And Moses said, This shall be, when the Lord shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the Lord heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the Lord.

And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the Lord: for he hath heard your murmurings.

10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.

11 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the Lord your God.

13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.

14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground.

15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat.

16 This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents.

17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.

18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.

19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.

20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them.

21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

23 And he said unto them, This is that which the Lord hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the Lord: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the Lord: to day ye shall not find it in the field.

26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.

28 And the Lord said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws?

29 See, for that the Lord hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

32 And Moses said, This is the thing which the Lord commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.

33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the Lord, to be kept for your generations.

34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.

35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.

36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.

17 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the Lord, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.

Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the Lord?

And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?

And Moses cried unto the Lord, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go.

Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the Lord, saying, Is the Lord among us, or not?

Matthew 22:1-33

The Parable of the Wedding Banquet22:2-14Ref — Lk 14:16-24

22 Jesus spoke to them again in parables, saying:“The kingdom of heaven is likeS Mt 13:24 a king who prepared a wedding banquet for his son.He sent his servantsMt 21:34 to those who had been invited to the banquet to tell them to come, but they refused to come.

“Then he sent some more servantsMt 21:36 and said, ‘Tell those who have been invited that I have prepared my dinner: My oxen and fattened cattle have been butchered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding banquet.’

“But they paid no attention and went off—one to his field, another to his business.The rest seized his servants, mistreated them and killed them.The king was enraged. He sent his army and destroyed those murderersLk 19:27 and burned their city.

“Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding banquet is ready, but those I invited did not deserve to come.So go to the street cornersEze 21:21 and invite to the banquet anyone you find.’10 So the servants went out into the streets and gathered all the people they could find, the bad as well as the good,Mt 13:47, 48 and the wedding hall was filled with guests.

11 “But when the king came in to see the guests, he noticed a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes.12 He asked, ‘How did you get in here without wedding clothes, friendMt 20:13; 26:50?’ The man was speechless.

13 “Then the king told the attendants, ‘Tie him hand and foot, and throw him outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’S Mt 8:12

14 “For many are invited, but few are chosen.”Rev 17:14

Paying the Imperial Tax to Caesar22:15-22pp — Mk 12:13-17; Lk 20:20-26

15 Then the Pharisees went out and laid plans to trap him in his words.16 They sent their disciples to him along with the Herodians.Mk 3:6 “Teacher,” they said, “we know that you are a man of integrity and that you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. You aren’t swayed by others, because you pay no attention to who they are.17 Tell us then, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay the imperial taxA special tax levied on subject peoples, not on Roman citizensMt 17:25 to Caesar or not?”

18 But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, “You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me?19 Show me the coin used for paying the tax.” They brought him a denarius,20 and he asked them, “Whose image is this? And whose inscription?”

21 “Caesar’s,” they replied.

Then he said to them, “So give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s,Ro 13:7 and to God what is God’s.”

22 When they heard this, they were amazed. So they left him and went away.Mk 12:12

Marriage at the Resurrection22:23-33pp — Mk 12:18-27; Lk 20:27-40

23 That same day the Sadducees,S Ac 4:1 who say there is no resurrection,Ac 23:8; 1Co 15:12 came to him with a question.24 “Teacher,” they said, “Moses told us that if a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and raise up offspring for him.Dt 25:5, 625 Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died, and since he had no children, he left his wife to his brother.26 The same thing happened to the second and third brother, right on down to the seventh.27 Finally, the woman died.28 Now then, at the resurrection, whose wife will she be of the seven, since all of them were married to her?”

29 Jesus replied, “You are in error because you do not know the ScripturesJn 20:9 or the power of God.30 At the resurrection people will neither marry nor be given in marriage;Mt 24:38 they will be like the angels in heaven.31 But about the resurrection of the dead—have you not read what God said to you,32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’Exodus 3:6?Ex 3:6; Ac 7:32 He is not the God of the dead but of the living.”

33 When the crowds heard this, they were astonished at his teaching.S Mt 7:28

Parable of the Great Feast

22 Jesus also told them other parables. He said,“The Kingdom of Heaven can be illustrated by the story of a king who prepared a great wedding feast for his son.When the banquet was ready, he sent his servants to notify those who were invited. But they all refused to come!

“So he sent other servants to tell them, ‘The feast has been prepared. The bulls and fattened cattle have been killed, and everything is ready. Come to the banquet!’But the guests he had invited ignored them and went their own way, one to his farm, another to his business.Others seized his messengers and insulted them and killed them.

“The king was furious, and he sent out his army to destroy the murderers and burn their town.And he said to his servants, ‘The wedding feast is ready, and the guests I invited aren’t worthy of the honor.Now go out to the street corners and invite everyone you see.’10 So the servants brought in everyone they could find, good and bad alike, and the banquet hall was filled with guests.

11 “But when the king came in to meet the guests, he noticed a man who wasn’t wearing the proper clothes for a wedding.12 ‘Friend,’ he asked, ‘how is it that you are here without wedding clothes?’ But the man had no reply.13 Then the king said to his aides, ‘Bind his hands and feet and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

14 “For many are called, but few are chosen.”

Taxes for Caesar

15 Then the Pharisees met together to plot how to trap Jesus into saying something for which he could be arrested.16 They sent some of their disciples, along with the supporters of Herod, to meet with him. “Teacher,” they said, “we know how honest you are. You teach the way of God truthfully. You are impartial and don’t play favorites.17 Now tell us what you think about this: Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

18 But Jesus knew their evil motives. “You hypocrites!” he said. “Why are you trying to trap me?19 Here, show me the coin used for the tax.” When they handed him a Roman coin,Greek a denarius.20 he asked, “Whose picture and title are stamped on it?”

21 “Caesar’s,” they replied.

“Well, then,” he said, “give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and give to God what belongs to God.”

22 His reply amazed them, and they went away.

Discussion about Resurrection

23 That same day Jesus was approached by some Sadducees—religious leaders who say there is no resurrection from the dead. They posed this question:24 “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies without children, his brother should marry the widow and have a child who will carry on the brother’s name.’Deut 25:5-6.25 Well, suppose there were seven brothers. The oldest one married and then died without children, so his brother married the widow.26 But the second brother also died, and the third brother married her. This continued with all seven of them.27 Last of all, the woman also died.28 So tell us, whose wife will she be in the resurrection? For all seven were married to her.”

29 Jesus replied, “Your mistake is that you don’t know the Scriptures, and you don’t know the power of God.30 For when the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage. In this respect they will be like the angels in heaven.

31 “But now, as to whether there will be a resurrection of the dead—haven’t you ever read about this in the Scriptures? Long after Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob had died, God said,Greek read about this? God said.32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’Exod 3:6. So he is the God of the living, not the dead.”

33 When the crowds heard him, they were astounded at his teaching.

22 And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,

The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,

And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come.

Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage.

But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise:

And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them.

But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.

Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy.

Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.

10 So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests.

11 And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:

12 And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.

13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

14 For many are called, but few are chosen.

15 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk.

16 And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men.

17 Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?

18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites?

19 Shew me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny.

20 And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?

21 They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.

22 When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.

23 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him,

24 Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

25 Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother:

26 Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.

27 And last of all the woman died also.

28 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her.

29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.

30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.

31 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,

32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.

33 And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.

Psalm 27:1-6

Psalm 27

Of David.

The Lord is my lightS 2Sa 22:29 and my salvationS Ex 15:2; S Ps 3:8

whom shall I fear?

The Lord is the strongholdPs 9:9 of my life—

of whom shall I be afraid?S Job 13:15; Ps 56:4, 11; 118:6

When the wicked advance against me

to devourOr slander me,

it is my enemies and my foes

who will stumble and fall.Ps 9:3; S 20:8; 37:24; Da 11:19; Ro 11:11

Though an army besiege me,

my heart will not fear;S Ge 4:7; S Ps 3:6

though war break out against me,

even then I will be confident.S Job 4:6

One thingLk 10:42 I ask from the Lord,

this only do I seek:

that I may dwell in the house of the Lord

all the days of my life,Ps 23:6; 61:4

to gaze on the beauty of the Lord

and to seek him in his temple.

For in the day of troubleS Job 38:23

he will keep me safeS Ps 12:7 in his dwelling;

he will hide meS Ps 17:8 in the shelter of his sacred tent

and set me high upon a rock.Ps 40:2

Then my head will be exalted2Sa 22:49; Ps 3:3; 18:48

above the enemies who surround me;S Ps 22:12

at his sacred tent I will sacrificePs 50:14; 54:6; 107:22; 116:17 with shouts of joy;S Ezr 3:13; S Job 22:26

I will singS Ex 15:1 and make musicPs 33:2; 92:1; 147:7; S Eph 5:19 to the Lord.

Psalm 27

A psalm of David.

The Lord is my light and my salvation—

so why should I be afraid?

The Lord is my fortress, protecting me from danger,

so why should I tremble?

When evil people come to devour me,

when my enemies and foes attack me,

they will stumble and fall.

Though a mighty army surrounds me,

my heart will not be afraid.

Even if I am attacked,

I will remain confident.

The one thing I ask of the Lord

the thing I seek most—

is to live in the house of the Lord all the days of my life,

delighting in the Lord’s perfections

and meditating in his Temple.

For he will conceal me there when troubles come;

he will hide me in his sanctuary.

He will place me out of reach on a high rock.

Then I will hold my head high

above my enemies who surround me.

At his sanctuary I will offer sacrifices with shouts of joy,

singing and praising the Lord with music.

27 The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the Lord is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.

Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.

One thing have I desired of the Lord, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, and to enquire in his temple.

For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.

And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the Lord.

Proverbs 6:20-26

Warning Against Adultery

20 My son,S Pr 3:21 keep your father’s command

and do not forsake your mother’s teaching.Pr 1:8

21 Bind them always on your heart;

fasten them around your neck.Dt 6:8; S Pr 3:3; 7:1-3

22 When you walk, they will guide you;

when you sleep, they will watch over you;

when you awake, they will speak to you.

23 For this command is a lamp,

this teaching is a light,S Ps 119:105

and correction and instruction

are the way to life,Pr 10:17

24 keeping you from your neighbor’s wife,

from the smooth talk of a wayward woman.Ge 39:8; S Ps 55:21; Pr 2:16; 7:5

25 Do not lust in your heart after her beauty

or let her captivate you with her eyes.

26 For a prostitute can be had for a loaf of bread,

but another man’s wife preys on your very life.Pr 7:22-23

20 My son, obey your father’s commands,

and don’t neglect your mother’s instruction.

21 Keep their words always in your heart.

Tie them around your neck.

22 When you walk, their counsel will lead you.

When you sleep, they will protect you.

When you wake up, they will advise you.

23 For their command is a lamp

and their instruction a light;

their corrective discipline

is the way to life.

24 It will keep you from the immoral woman,

from the smooth tongue of a promiscuous woman.

25 Don’t lust for her beauty.

Don’t let her coy glances seduce you.

26 For a prostitute will bring you to poverty,Hebrew to a loaf of bread.

but sleeping with another man’s wife will cost you your life.

20 My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother:

21 Bind them continually upon thine heart, and tie them about thy neck.

22 When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee.

23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

24 To keep thee from the evil woman, from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman.

25 Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids.

26 For by means of a whorish woman a man is brought to a piece of bread: and the adultress will hunt for the precious life.

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