Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles were the three Jewish calendar feasts. Passover exemplifies our salvation, for Passover is the time when we remember how the blood of Jesus has been applied to the doorposts of our hearts. Pentecost, the day when the firstfruits were reaped, represents our baptism in the Holy Spirit. The Feast of Tabernacles, a seven-day celebration of the completion of Solomon's temple, depicts a futuristic, eternal celebration of the completion of harvest.

Heaven will be the place of celebration at the completion of the heavenly temple, at the final ingathering of the harvest. Heaven is the place where Christ's victory over Satan will be celebrated forever. Heaven will be an eternal camp meeting where cares are left behind, total rest and refreshing are continual, and joy is unbridled. Throughout the long year of labor, let us anticipate the final feast at the end of time. In that day, our labors will be over, and God will be our entire reward.

Leviticus 22:17-23:44

Unacceptable Sacrifices

17 The Lord said to Moses,18 “Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: ‘If any of you—whether an Israelite or a foreigner residing in IsraelNu 15:16; 19:10; Jos 8:33—presents a giftS Lev 1:2 for a burnt offering to the Lord, either to fulfill a vowver 21; S Ge 28:20; Nu 15:8; Ps 22:25; 76:11; 116:18 or as a freewill offering,S Lev 7:1619 you must present a male without defectS Lev 1:3; 21:18-21; Nu 28:11; Dt 15:21 from the cattle, sheep or goats in order that it may be accepted on your behalf.S Lev 1:220 Do not bring anything with a defect,S Lev 1:3; Dt 15:21; 17:1; Eze 43:23; 45:18; 46:6; Mal 1:8; Heb 9:14; 1Pe 1:19 because it will not be accepted on your behalf.S Ex 28:3821 When anyone brings from the herd or flockS Lev 1:2 a fellowship offeringS Ex 32:6; S Lev 3:6 to the Lord to fulfill a special vow or as a freewill offering,S Lev 7:16 it must be without defect or blemishS Ex 12:5; Mal 1:14 to be acceptable.Am 4:522 Do not offer to the Lord the blind, the injured or the maimed, or anything with warts or festering or running sores. Do not place any of these on the altar as a food offering presented to the Lord.23 You may, however, present as a freewill offering an oxThe Hebrew word can refer to either male or female. or a sheep that is deformed or stunted, but it will not be accepted in fulfillment of a vow.24 You must not offer to the Lord an animal whose testicles are bruised, crushed, torn or cut.S Lev 21:20 You must not do this in your own land,25 and you must not accept such animals from the hand of a foreigner and offer them as the food of your God.S Lev 21:6 They will not be accepted on your behalf, because they are deformed and have defects.S Lev 1:3; S 3:1; Nu 19:2’”

26 The Lord said to Moses,27 “When a calf, a lamb or a goatS Lev 1:3 is born, it is to remain with its mother for seven days.S Ex 22:30 From the eighth dayS Ex 22:30 on, it will be acceptableS Ex 28:38 as a food offering presented to the Lord.28 Do not slaughter a cow or a sheep and its young on the same day.Dt 22:6, 7

29 “When you sacrifice a thank offeringS Lev 7:12 to the Lord, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf.30 It must be eaten that same day; leave none of it till morning.Lev 7:15 I am the Lord.Lev 11:44

31 “KeepDt 4:2, 40; Ps 105:45 my commands and follow them.S Ex 22:31 I am the Lord.32 Do not profane my holy name,Lev 18:21 for I must be acknowledged as holy by the Israelites.S Lev 10:3 I am the Lord, who made you holyLev 20:833 and who brought you out of EgyptS Ex 6:6 to be your God.S Ge 17:7 I am the Lord.”

The Appointed Festivals

23 The Lord said to Moses,“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘These are my appointed festivals,ver 4, 37, 44; Nu 29:39; Eze 44:24; Col 2:16 the appointed festivals of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies.ver 21, 27

The Sabbath

“‘There are six days when you may work,Ex 20:9 but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest,S Ex 20:10; Heb 4:9, 10 a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work;ver 7, 21, 35; Nu 28:26 wherever you live, it is a sabbath to the Lord.

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread23:4-8pp — Ex 12:14-20; Nu 28:16-25; Dt 16:1-8

“‘These are the Lord’s appointed festivals, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times:Na 1:15The Lord’s PassoverS Ex 12:11 begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.S Ex 12:6On the fifteenth day of that month the Lord’s Festival of Unleavened BreadEx 12:17 begins; for seven daysS Ex 12:19 you must eat bread made without yeast.On the first day hold a sacred assemblyver 3, 8 and do no regular work.For seven days present a food offering to the Lord.S Lev 1:9 And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.’”

Offering the Firstfruits

The Lord said to Moses,10 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give youNu 15:2, 18 and you reap its harvest,S Lev 19:9 bring to the priest a sheafS Lev 19:9 of the first grain you harvest.S Ex 22:29; S 34:22; Ro 11:1611 He is to wave the sheaf before the LordS Ex 29:24 so it will be acceptedS Ex 28:38 on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.12 On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the Lord a lamb a year oldS Lev 12:6 without defect,S Ex 12:513 together with its grain offeringLev 2:14-16; S 6:20 of two-tenths of an ephahThat is, probably about 7 pounds or about 3.2 kilograms; also in verse 17ver 17; Lev 24:5; Nu 15:6; 28:9 of the finest flour mixed with olive oil—a food offering presented to the Lord, a pleasing aroma—and its drink offeringS Ge 35:14 of a quarter of a hinThat is, about 1 quart or about 1 liter of wine.S Lev 10:914 You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain,Jos 5:11; Ru 2:14; 1Sa 17:17; 25:18; 2Sa 17:28 until the very day you bring this offering to your God.Ex 34:26 This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come,Lev 3:17; Nu 10:8; 15:21 wherever you live.Jer 2:3

The Festival of Weeks23:15-22pp — Nu 28:26-31; Dt 16:9-12

15 “‘From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks.16 Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath,Ac 2:1; 20:16 and then present an offering of new grain to the Lord.17 From wherever you live, bring two loaves made of two-tenths of an ephahS ver 13 of the finest flour, baked with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruitsS Ex 34:22 to the Lord.18 Present with this bread seven male lambs, each a year old and without defect, one young bull and two rams. They will be a burnt offering to the Lord, together with their grain offerings and drink offeringsver 13; Ex 29:41; 30:9; 37:16; Jer 19:13; 44:18—a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.19 Then sacrifice one male goat for a sin offeringOr purification offering and two lambs, each a year old, for a fellowship offering.20 The priest is to wave the two lambs before the Lord as a wave offering,S Ex 29:24 together with the bread of the firstfruits. They are a sacred offering to the Lord for the priest.21 On that same day you are to proclaim a sacred assemblyS ver 2; Ex 32:5 and do no regular work.S ver 3 This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

22 “‘When you reap the harvestS Lev 19:9 of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest.S Lev 19:10; Dt 24:19-21; Ru 2:15 Leave them for the poor and for the foreigner residing among you.Ru 2:2 I am the Lord your God.’”

The Festival of Trumpets23:23-25pp — Nu 29:1-6

23 The Lord said to Moses,24 “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of sabbath rest, a sacred assemblyver 27, 36; Ezr 3:1 commemorated with trumpet blasts.Lev 25:9; Nu 10:9, 10; 29:1; 31:6; 2Ki 11:14; 2Ch 13:12; Ps 98:625 Do no regular work,ver 21 but present a food offering to the Lord.S Lev 1:9’”

The Day of Atonement23:26-32pp — Lev 16:2-34; Nu 29:7-11

26 The Lord said to Moses,27 “The tenth day of this seventh monthS Lev 16:29 is the Day of Atonement.S Ex 30:10 Hold a sacred assemblyS ver 2,S 24 and deny yourselves,Or and fast; similarly in verses 29 and 32 and present a food offering to the Lord.28 Do not do any workver 31 on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the Lord your God.29 Those who do not deny themselves on that day must be cut off from their people.Ge 17:14; Lev 7:20; Nu 5:230 I will destroy from among their peopleS Lev 20:3 anyone who does any work on that day.31 You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinanceLev 3:17 for the generations to come, wherever you live.32 It is a day of sabbath restS Lev 16:31 for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath.”Ne 13:19

The Festival of Tabernacles23:33-43pp — Nu 29:12-39; Dt 16:13-17

33 The Lord said to Moses,34 “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh1Ki 8:2; Hag 2:1 month the Lord’s Festival of TabernaclesS Ex 23:16; Jn 7:2 begins, and it lasts for seven days.35 The first day is a sacred assembly;ver 2 do no regular work.ver 336 For seven days present food offerings to the Lord, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assemblyS ver 24; 1Ki 8:2; 2Ch 7:9; Ne 8:18; Jn 7:37 and present a food offering to the Lord.S Lev 1:9 It is the closing special assembly; do no regular work.

37 (“‘These are the Lord’s appointed festivals, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing food offerings to the Lord—the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offeringsver 13 required for each day.38 These offeringsS Lev 1:2 are in addition to those for the Lord’s SabbathsS Ex 20:10; 2Ch 2:4; Eze 45:17 andOr These festivals are in addition to the Lord’s Sabbaths, and these offerings are in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offeringsS Lev 7:16 you give to the Lord.)

39 “‘So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festivalIsa 62:9 to the Lord for seven days;S Ex 23:16 the first day is a day of sabbath rest, and the eighth day also is a day of sabbath rest.40 On the first day you are to take branchesPs 118:27 from luxuriant trees—from palms, willows and other leafy treesNe 8:14-17; Ps 137:2; Isa 44:4—and rejoiceDt 12:7; 14:26; 28:47; Ne 8:10; Ps 9:2; 66:6; 105:43; Joel 2:26 before the Lord your God for seven days.41 Celebrate this as a festival to the Lord for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month.42 Live in temporary sheltersS Ex 23:16 for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in such shelters43 so your descendants will knowPs 78:5 that I had the Israelites live in temporary shelters when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.’”

44 So Moses announced to the Israelites the appointed festivals of the Lord.

Worthy and Unworthy Offerings

17 And the Lord said to Moses,18 “Give Aaron and his sons and all the Israelites these instructions, which apply both to native Israelites and to the foreigners living among you.

“If you present a gift as a burnt offering to the Lord, whether it is to fulfill a vow or is a voluntary offering,19 youOr it. will be accepted only if your offering is a male animal with no defects. It may be a bull, a ram, or a male goat.20 Do not present an animal with defects, because the Lord will not accept it on your behalf.

21 “If you present a peace offering to the Lord from the herd or the flock, whether it is to fulfill a vow or is a voluntary offering, you must offer a perfect animal. It may have no defect of any kind.22 You must not offer an animal that is blind, crippled, or injured, or that has a wart, a skin sore, or scabs. Such animals must never be offered on the altar as special gifts to the Lord.23 If a bullOr cow. or lamb has a leg that is too long or too short, it may be offered as a voluntary offering, but it may not be offered to fulfill a vow.24 If an animal has damaged testicles or is castrated, you may not offer it to the Lord. You must never do this in your own land,25 and you must not accept such an animal from foreigners and then offer it as a sacrifice to your God. Such animals will not be accepted on your behalf, for they are mutilated or defective.”

26 And the Lord said to Moses,27 “When a calf or lamb or goat is born, it must be left with its mother for seven days. From the eighth day on, it will be acceptable as a special gift to the Lord.28 But you must not slaughter a mother animal and her offspring on the same day, whether from the herd or the flock.29 When you bring a thanksgiving offering to the Lord, sacrifice it properly so you will be accepted.30 Eat the entire sacrificial animal on the day it is presented. Do not leave any of it until the next morning. I am the Lord.

31 “You must faithfully keep all my commands by putting them into practice, for I am the Lord.32 Do not bring shame on my holy name, for I will display my holiness among the people of Israel. I am the Lord who makes you holy.33 It was I who rescued you from the land of Egypt, that I might be your God. I am the Lord.”

The Appointed Festivals

23 The Lord said to Moses,“Give the following instructions to the people of Israel. These are the Lord’s appointed festivals, which you are to proclaim as official days for holy assembly.

“You have six days each week for your ordinary work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath day of complete rest, an official day for holy assembly. It is the Lord’s Sabbath day, and it must be observed wherever you live.

“In addition to the Sabbath, these are the Lord’s appointed festivals, the official days for holy assembly that are to be celebrated at their proper times each year.

Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

“The Lord’s Passover begins at sundown on the fourteenth day of the first month.This day in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in late March, April, or early May.On the next day, the fifteenth day of the month, you must begin celebrating the Festival of Unleavened Bread. This festival to the Lord continues for seven days, and during that time the bread you eat must be made without yeast.On the first day of the festival, all the people must stop their ordinary work and observe an official day for holy assembly.For seven days you must present special gifts to the Lord. On the seventh day the people must again stop all their ordinary work to observe an official day for holy assembly.”

Celebration of First Harvest

Then the Lord said to Moses,10 “Give the following instructions to the people of Israel. When you enter the land I am giving you and you harvest its first crops, bring the priest a bundle of grain from the first cutting of your grain harvest.11 On the day after the Sabbath, the priest will lift it up before the Lord so it may be accepted on your behalf.12 On that same day you must sacrifice a one-year-old male lamb with no defects as a burnt offering to the Lord.13 With it you must present a grain offering consisting of four quartsHebrew 2⁄10 of an ephah [4.4 liters]; also in 23:17. of choice flour moistened with olive oil. It will be a special gift, a pleasing aroma to the Lord. You must also offer one quartHebrew 1⁄4 of a hin [1 liter]. of wine as a liquid offering.14 Do not eat any bread or roasted grain or fresh kernels on that day until you bring this offering to your God. This is a permanent law for you, and it must be observed from generation to generation wherever you live.

The Festival of Harvest

15 “From the day after the Sabbath—the day you bring the bundle of grain to be lifted up as a special offering—count off seven full weeks.16 Keep counting until the day after the seventh Sabbath, fifty days later. Then present an offering of new grain to the Lord.17 From wherever you live, bring two loaves of bread to be lifted up before the Lord as a special offering. Make these loaves from four quarts of choice flour, and bake them with yeast. They will be an offering to the Lord from the first of your crops.18 Along with the bread, present seven one-year-old male lambs with no defects, one young bull, and two rams as burnt offerings to the Lord. These burnt offerings, together with the grain offerings and liquid offerings, will be a special gift, a pleasing aroma to the Lord.19 Then you must offer one male goat as a sin offering and two one-year-old male lambs as a peace offering.

20 “The priest will lift up the two lambs as a special offering to the Lord, together with the loaves representing the first of your crops. These offerings, which are holy to the Lord, belong to the priests.21 That same day will be proclaimed an official day for holy assembly, a day on which you do no ordinary work. This is a permanent law for you, and it must be observed from generation to generation wherever you live.This celebration, called the Festival of Harvest or the Festival of Weeks, was later called the Festival of Pentecost (see Acts 2:1). It is celebrated today as Shavuot (or Shabuoth).

22 “When you harvest the crops of your land, do not harvest the grain along the edges of your fields, and do not pick up what the harvesters drop. Leave it for the poor and the foreigners living among you. I am the Lord your God.”

The Festival of Trumpets

23 The Lord said to Moses,24 “Give the following instructions to the people of Israel. On the first day of the appointed month in early autumn,Hebrew On the first day of the seventh month. This day in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in September or October. This festival is celebrated today as Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish new year. you are to observe a day of complete rest. It will be an official day for holy assembly, a day commemorated with loud blasts of a trumpet.25 You must do no ordinary work on that day. Instead, you are to present special gifts to the Lord.”

The Day of Atonement

26 Then the Lord said to Moses,27 “Be careful to celebrate the Day of Atonement on the tenth day of that same month—nine days after the Festival of Trumpets.Hebrew on the tenth day of the seventh month; see 23:24 and the note there. This day in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in September or October. It is celebrated today as Yom Kippur. You must observe it as an official day for holy assembly, a day to deny yourselvesOr to fast; similarly in 23:29, 32. and present special gifts to the Lord.28 Do no work during that entire day because it is the Day of Atonement, when offerings of purification are made for you, making you right withOr when atonement is made for you before. the Lord your God.29 All who do not deny themselves that day will be cut off from God’s people.30 And I will destroy anyone among you who does any work on that day.31 You must not do any work at all! This is a permanent law for you, and it must be observed from generation to generation wherever you live.32 This will be a Sabbath day of complete rest for you, and on that day you must deny yourselves. This day of rest will begin at sundown on the ninth day of the month and extend until sundown on the tenth day.”

The Festival of Shelters

33 And the Lord said to Moses,34 “Give the following instructions to the people of Israel. Begin celebrating the Festival of SheltersOr Festival of Booths, or Festival of Tabernacles. This was earlier called the Festival of the Final Harvest or Festival of Ingathering (see Exod 23:16b). It is celebrated today as Sukkot (or Succoth). on the fifteenth day of the appointed month—five days after the Day of Atonement.Hebrew on the fifteenth day of the seventh month; see 23:27a and the note there. This festival to the Lord will last for seven days.35 On the first day of the festival you must proclaim an official day for holy assembly, when you do no ordinary work.36 For seven days you must present special gifts to the Lord. The eighth day is another holy day on which you present your special gifts to the Lord. This will be a solemn occasion, and no ordinary work may be done that day.

37 (“These are the Lord’s appointed festivals. Celebrate them each year as official days for holy assembly by presenting special gifts to the Lord—burnt offerings, grain offerings, sacrifices, and liquid offerings—each on its proper day.38 These festivals must be observed in addition to the Lord’s regular Sabbath days, and the offerings are in addition to your personal gifts, the offerings you give to fulfill your vows, and the voluntary offerings you present to the Lord.)

39 “Remember that this seven-day festival to the Lord—the Festival of Shelters—begins on the fifteenth day of the appointed month,Hebrew on the fifteenth day of the seventh month. after you have harvested all the produce of the land. The first day and the eighth day of the festival will be days of complete rest.40 On the first day gather branches from magnificent treesOr gather fruit from majestic trees.—palm fronds, boughs from leafy trees, and willows that grow by the streams. Then celebrate with joy before the Lord your God for seven days.41 You must observe this festival to the Lord for seven days every year. This is a permanent law for you, and it must be observed in the appointed monthHebrew the seventh month. from generation to generation.42 For seven days you must live outside in little shelters. All native-born Israelites must live in shelters.43 This will remind each new generation of Israelites that I made their ancestors live in shelters when I rescued them from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.”

44 So Moses gave the Israelites these instructions regarding the annual festivals of the Lord.

17 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

18 Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them, Whatsoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will offer his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings, which they will offer unto the Lord for a burnt offering;

19 Ye shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.

20 But whatsoever hath a blemish, that shall ye not offer: for it shall not be acceptable for you.

21 And whosoever offereth a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the Lord to accomplish his vow, or a freewill offering in beeves or sheep, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein.

22 Blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scurvy, or scabbed, ye shall not offer these unto the Lord, nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar unto the Lord.

23 Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that mayest thou offer for a freewill offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted.

24 Ye shall not offer unto the Lord that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut; neither shall ye make any offering thereof in your land.

25 Neither from a stranger's hand shall ye offer the bread of your God of any of these; because their corruption is in them, and blemishes be in them: they shall not be accepted for you.

26 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

27 When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, then it shall be seven days under the dam; and from the eighth day and thenceforth it shall be accepted for an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

28 And whether it be cow, or ewe, ye shall not kill it and her young both in one day.

29 And when ye will offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving unto the Lord, offer it at your own will.

30 On the same day it shall be eaten up; ye shall leave none of it until the morrow: I am the Lord.

31 Therefore shall ye keep my commandments, and do them: I am the Lord.

32 Neither shall ye profane my holy name; but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel: I am the Lord which hallow you,

33 That brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the Lord.

23 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.

Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.

These are the feasts of the Lord, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.

In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord's passover.

And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:

11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the Lord.

13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the Lord for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.

14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord.

17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the Lord.

18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the Lord, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the Lord.

19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.

20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.

21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the Lord your God.

23 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

25 Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

26 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God.

29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

33 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the Lord.

35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.

37 These are the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day:

38 Beside the sabbaths of the Lord, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the Lord.

39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.

40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days.

41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.

42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:

43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.

44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord.

Mark 9:30-10:12

Jesus Predicts His Death a Second Time9:33-37pp — Mt 18:1-5; Lk 9:46-48

30 They left that place and passed through Galilee. Jesus did not want anyone to know where they were,31 because he was teaching his disciples. He said to them, “The Son of ManS Mt 8:20 is going to be delivered into the hands of men. They will kill him,ver 12; Ac 2:23; 3:13 and after three daysS Mt 16:21 he will rise.”S Mt 16:2132 But they did not understand what he meantLk 2:50; 9:45; 18:34; Jn 12:16 and were afraid to ask him about it.

33 They came to Capernaum.S Mt 4:13 When he was in the house,Mk 1:29 he asked them, “What were you arguing about on the road?”34 But they kept quiet because on the way they had argued about who was the greatest.Lk 22:24

35 Sitting down, Jesus called the Twelve and said, “Anyone who wants to be first must be the very last, and the servant of all.”Mt 18:4; Mk 10:43; Lk 22:26

36 He took a little child whom he placed among them. Taking the child in his arms,Mk 10:16 he said to them,37 “Whoever welcomes one of these little children in my name welcomes me; and whoever welcomes me does not welcome me but the one who sent me.”S Mt 10:40

Whoever Is Not Against Us Is for Us9:38-40pp — Lk 9:49, 50

38 “Teacher,” said John, “we saw someone driving out demons in your name and we told him to stop, because he was not one of us.”Nu 11:27-29

39 “Do not stop him,” Jesus said. “For no one who does a miracle in my name can in the next moment say anything bad about me,40 for whoever is not against us is for us.Mt 12:30; Lk 11:2341 Truly I tell you, anyone who gives you a cup of water in my name because you belong to the Messiah will certainly not lose their reward.S Mt 10:42

Causing to Stumble

42 “If anyone causes one of these little ones—those who believe in me—to stumble,S Mt 5:29 it would be better for them if a large millstone were hung around their neck and they were thrown into the sea.Mt 18:6; Lk 17:243 If your hand causes you to stumble,S Mt 5:29 cut it off. It is better for you to enter life maimed than with two hands to go into hell,Mt 5:30; 18:8 where the fire never goes out.S Mt 25:41[44] Some manuscripts include here the words of verse 48.45 And if your foot causes you to stumble,S Mt 5:29 cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than to have two feet and be thrown into hell.Mt 18:8[46] Some manuscripts include here the words of verse 48.47 And if your eye causes you to stumble,S Mt 5:29 pluck it out. It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell,Mt 5:29; 18:948 where

“‘the worms that eat them do not die,

and the fire is not quenched.’Isaiah 66:24Isa 66:24; S Mt 25:41

49 Everyone will be saltedLev 2:13 with fire.

50 “Salt is good, but if it loses its saltiness, how can you make it salty again?Mt 5:13; Lk 14:34, 35 Have salt among yourselves,Col 4:6 and be at peace with each other.”Ro 12:18; 2Co 13:11; 1Th 5:13

Divorce10:1-12pp — Mt 19:1-9

10 Jesus then left that place and went into the region of Judea and across the Jordan.Mk 1:5; Jn 10:40; 11:7 Again crowds of people came to him, and as was his custom, he taught them.S Mt 4:23; Mk 2:13; 4:2; 6:6, 34

Some PhariseesMk 2:16 came and tested him by asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”

“What did Moses command you?” he replied.

They said, “Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.”Dt 24:1-4; Mt 5:31

“It was because your hearts were hardPs 95:8; Heb 3:15 that Moses wrote you this law,” Jesus replied.“But at the beginning of creation God ‘made them male and female.’Gen. 1:27Ge 1:27; 5:2‘For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife,Some early manuscripts do not have and be united to his wife.and the two will become one flesh.’Gen. 2:24Ge 2:24; 1Co 6:16 So they are no longer two, but one flesh.Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.”

10 When they were in the house again, the disciples asked Jesus about this.11 He answered, “Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her.S Lk 16:1812 And if she divorces her husband and marries another man, she commits adultery.”Ro 7:3; 1Co 7:10, 11

Jesus Again Predicts His Death

30 Leaving that region, they traveled through Galilee. Jesus didn’t want anyone to know he was there,31 for he wanted to spend more time with his disciples and teach them. He said to them, “The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands of his enemies. He will be killed, but three days later he will rise from the dead.”32 They didn’t understand what he was saying, however, and they were afraid to ask him what he meant.

The Greatest in the Kingdom

33 After they arrived at Capernaum and settled in a house, Jesus asked his disciples, “What were you discussing out on the road?”34 But they didn’t answer, because they had been arguing about which of them was the greatest.35 He sat down, called the twelve disciples over to him, and said, “Whoever wants to be first must take last place and be the servant of everyone else.”

36 Then he put a little child among them. Taking the child in his arms, he said to them,37 “Anyone who welcomes a little child like this on my behalfGreek in my name. welcomes me, and anyone who welcomes me welcomes not only me but also my Father who sent me.”

Using the Name of Jesus

38 John said to Jesus, “Teacher, we saw someone using your name to cast out demons, but we told him to stop because he wasn’t in our group.”

39 “Don’t stop him!” Jesus said. “No one who performs a miracle in my name will soon be able to speak evil of me.40 Anyone who is not against us is for us.41 If anyone gives you even a cup of water because you belong to the Messiah, I tell you the truth, that person will surely be rewarded.

42 “But if you cause one of these little ones who trusts in me to fall into sin, it would be better for you to be thrown into the sea with a large millstone hung around your neck.43 If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It’s better to enter eternal life with only one hand than to go into the unquenchable fires of hellGreek Gehenna; also in 9:45, 47. with two hands.Some manuscripts add verse 44, ‘where the maggots never die and the fire never goes out.’ See 9:48.45 If your foot causes you to sin, cut it off. It’s better to enter eternal life with only one foot than to be thrown into hell with two feet.Some manuscripts add verse 46, ‘where the maggots never die and the fire never goes out.’ See 9:48.47 And if your eye causes you to sin, gouge it out. It’s better to enter the Kingdom of God with only one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell,48 ‘where the maggots never die and the fire never goes out.’Isa 66:24.

49 “For everyone will be tested with fire.Greek salted with fire; other manuscripts add and every sacrifice will be salted with salt.50 Salt is good for seasoning. But if it loses its flavor, how do you make it salty again? You must have the qualities of salt among yourselves and live in peace with each other.”

Discussion about Divorce and Marriage

10 Then Jesus left Capernaum and went down to the region of Judea and into the area east of the Jordan River. Once again crowds gathered around him, and as usual he was teaching them.

Some Pharisees came and tried to trap him with this question: “Should a man be allowed to divorce his wife?”

Jesus answered them with a question: “What did Moses say in the law about divorce?”

“Well, he permitted it,” they replied. “He said a man can give his wife a written notice of divorce and send her away.”See Deut 24:1.

But Jesus responded, “He wrote this commandment only as a concession to your hard hearts.But ‘God made them male and female’Gen 1:27; 5:2. from the beginning of creation.‘This explains why a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife,Some manuscripts do not include and is joined to his wife.and the two are united into one.’Gen 2:24. Since they are no longer two but one,let no one split apart what God has joined together.”

10 Later, when he was alone with his disciples in the house, they brought up the subject again.11 He told them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries someone else commits adultery against her.12 And if a woman divorces her husband and marries someone else, she commits adultery.”

30 And they departed thence, and passed through Galilee; and he would not that any man should know it.

31 For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day.

32 But they understood not that saying, and were afraid to ask him.

33 And he came to Capernaum: and being in the house he asked them, What was it that ye disputed among yourselves by the way?

34 But they held their peace: for by the way they had disputed among themselves, who should be the greatest.

35 And he sat down, and called the twelve, and saith unto them, If any man desire to be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant of all.

36 And he took a child, and set him in the midst of them: and when he had taken him in his arms, he said unto them,

37 Whosoever shall receive one of such children in my name, receiveth me: and whosoever shall receive me, receiveth not me, but him that sent me.

38 And John answered him, saying, Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name, and he followeth not us: and we forbad him, because he followeth not us.

39 But Jesus said, Forbid him not: for there is no man which shall do a miracle in my name, that can lightly speak evil of me.

40 For he that is not against us is on our part.

41 For whosoever shall give you a cup of water to drink in my name, because ye belong to Christ, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward.

42 And whosoever shall offend one of these little ones that believe in me, it is better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he were cast into the sea.

43 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

44 Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

45 And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

46 Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

47 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire:

48 Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

49 For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt.

50 Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his saltness, wherewith will ye season it? Have salt in yourselves, and have peace one with another.

10 And he arose from thence, and cometh into the coasts of Judaea by the farther side of Jordan: and the people resort unto him again; and, as he was wont, he taught them again.

And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.

And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you?

And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away.

And Jesus answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept.

But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female.

For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife;

And they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.

What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

10 And in the house his disciples asked him again of the same matter.

11 And he saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her.

12 And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.

Psalm 44:1-8

Psalm 44In Hebrew texts 44:1-26 is numbered 44:2-27.

For the director of music. Of the Sons of Korah. A maskil.Title: Probably a literary or musical term

We have heard it with our ears,2Sa 7:22; 1Ch 17:20; Jer 26:11 O God;

our ancestors have told usS Jdg 6:13

what you did in their days,

in days long ago.S Dt 32:7; S Job 37:23

With your hand you drove outS Jos 3:10; Ac 7:45 the nations

and plantedS Ex 15:17; S Isa 60:21 our ancestors;

you crushedS Jdg 4:23; S 2Ch 14:13 the peoples

and made our ancestors flourish.Ps 80:9; Jer 32:23

It was not by their swordJos 24:12 that they won the land,

nor did their arm bring them victory;

it was your right hand,Ps 78:54 your arm,Ex 15:16; Ps 77:15; 79:11; 89:10; 98:1; Isa 40:10; 52:10; 63:5

and the lightPs 89:15 of your face, for you lovedS Dt 4:37 them.

You are my KingS Ps 24:7 and my God,Ps 5:2

who decreesSeptuagint, Aquila and Syriac; Hebrew King, O God; / command victoriesS Ps 21:5 for Jacob.

Through you we push backS Jos 23:5 our enemies;

through your name we tramplePs 60:12; 108:13 our foes.

I put no trust in my bow,Ge 48:22; Hos 1:7

my sword does not bring me victory;

but you give us victoryS Dt 20:4 over our enemies,

you put our adversaries to shame.S Job 8:22

In God we make our boastS Ps 34:2; 1Co 1:31; 2Co 10:17 all day long,Ps 52:1

and we will praise your name forever.The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here.S Ps 30:12

Psalm 44

For the choir director: A psalmHebrew maskil. This may be a literary or musical term. of the descendants of Korah.

O God, we have heard it with our own ears—

our ancestors have told us

of all you did in their day,

in days long ago:

You drove out the pagan nations by your power

and gave all the land to our ancestors.

You crushed their enemies

and set our ancestors free.

They did not conquer the land with their swords;

it was not their own strong arm that gave them victory.

It was your right hand and strong arm

and the blinding light from your face that helped them,

for you loved them.

You are my King and my God.

You command victories for Israel.Hebrew for Jacob. The names “Jacob” and “Israel” are often interchanged throughout the Old Testament, referring sometimes to the individual patriarch and sometimes to the nation.

Only by your power can we push back our enemies;

only in your name can we trample our foes.

I do not trust in my bow;

I do not count on my sword to save me.

You are the one who gives us victory over our enemies;

you disgrace those who hate us.

O God, we give glory to you all day long

and constantly praise your name. Interlude

44 We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.

How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.

Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob.

Through thee will we push down our enemies: through thy name will we tread them under that rise up against us.

For I will not trust in my bow, neither shall my sword save me.

But thou hast saved us from our enemies, and hast put them to shame that hated us.

In God we boast all the day long, and praise thy name for ever. Selah.

Proverbs 10:19

19 Sin is not ended by multiplying words,

but the prudent hold their tongues.S Job 1:22; S 6:24; Pr 17:28; S 20:25; 21:23; Jas 1:19; 3:2-12

19 Too much talk leads to sin.

Be sensible and keep your mouth shut.

19 In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips is wise.

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