Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

The church in the wilderness modeled the biblical pattern of oversight. Leaders of tens, fifties, hundreds, and thousands were selected to care for the basic needs of the people and to settle their disputes. As a result, Moses had to review only the most difficult cases and policies. His primary job was to commune with God and to teach the Word.

The apostles discovered this principle in the selection of deacons, which freed them to use their time "in prayer and preaching and teaching the word" (Acts 6:4). The early church not only met daily in the temple but also gathered "in homes for the Lord's Supper, and shared their meals with great joy and generosity (Acts 2:46). Apostles, deacons, and church members all helped carry the load of the growing congregation.

Burned-out pastors and leaders are a testimony to the huge toll of counseling, visiting, and arbitrating required in the church today. In actuality, the pastor is not called to do all ministry, but he is "to equip God's people to do his work and build up the church" (Ephesians 4:12). Pastors, bring them in, build them up, release their gifts, and send them out. In this way, you will be able to endure as Moses did.

Exodus 17:8-19:15

The Amalekites Defeated

The AmalekitesS Ge 36:12 came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim.S ver 1Moses said to Joshua,Ex 24:13; 32:17; 33:11; Nu 11:28; 27:22; Dt 1:38; Jos 1:1; Ac 7:45 “Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staffS Ex 4:17 of God in my hands.”

10 So Joshua fought the Amalekites as Moses had ordered, and Moses, Aaron and Hurver 10-12; Ex 24:14; 31:2 went to the top of the hill.11 As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning,Jas 5:16 but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning.12 When Moses’ hands grew tired, they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held his hands up—one on one side, one on the other—so that his hands remained steady till sunset.Jos 8:2613 So Joshua overcame the Amalekitever 8 army with the sword.

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “WriteEx 24:4; 34:27; Nu 33:2; Dt 31:9; Job 19:23; Isa 30:8; Jer 36:2; 45:1; 51:60 this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot outEx 32:33; Dt 29:20; Job 18:17; Ps 9:5; 34:16; 109:15; Eze 18:4 the name of Amalekver 13; S Ge 36:12; Nu 24:7; Jdg 3:13; 1Sa 30:17-18; Ps 83:7 from under heaven.”

15 Moses built an altarS Ge 8:20 and calledS Ge 22:14 it The Lord is my Banner.16 He said, “Because hands were lifted up againstOr to the throne of the Lord,The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain. the Lord will be at war against the AmalekitesNu 24:7; 1Sa 15:8, 32; 1Ch 4:43; Est 3:1; 8:3; 9:24 from generation to generation.”Est 9:5

Jethro Visits Moses

18 Now Jethro,S Ex 2:18 the priest of MidianS Ex 2:16 and father-in-law of Moses, heard of everything God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, and how the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt.S Ex 6:6

After Moses had sent away his wife Zipporah,S Ex 2:21 his father-in-law Jethro received herand her two sons.S Ex 4:20; Ac 7:29 One son was named Gershom,Gershom sounds like the Hebrew for a foreigner there. for Moses said, “I have become a foreigner in a foreign land”;Ex 2:22and the other was named Eliezer,Eliezer means my God is helper.1Ch 23:15 for he said, “My father’s God was my helper;S Ge 49:25; S Dt 33:29 he saved me from the sword of Pharaoh.”

Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, together with Moses’ sons and wife, came to him in the wilderness, where he was camped near the mountainS Ex 3:1 of God.Jethro had sent word to him, “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons.”

So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed downS Ge 17:3; S 43:28 and kissedS Ge 29:13 him. They greeted each other and then went into the tent.Moses told his father-in-law about everything the Lord had done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians for Israel’s sake and about all the hardshipsNu 20:14; Ne 9:32 they had met along the way and how the Lord had savedEx 15:6, 16; Ps 81:7 them.

Jethro was delighted to hear about all the good thingsJos 21:45; 1Ki 8:66; Ne 9:25; Ps 145:7; Isa 63:7 the Lord had done for Israel in rescuing them from the hand of the Egyptians.10 He said, “Praise be to the Lord,S Ge 9:26; S 24:27 who rescued you from the hand of the Egyptians and of Pharaoh, and who rescued the people from the hand of the Egyptians.11 Now I know that the Lord is greater than all other gods,S Ex 12:12; S 1Ch 16:25 for he did this to those who had treated Israel arrogantly.”S Ex 1:10; S Lk 1:5112 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law,S Ex 3:1 brought a burnt offeringEx 10:25; 20:24; Lev 1:2-9 and other sacrificesGe 31:54; Ex 24:5 to God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat a mealS Ge 26:30 with Moses’ father-in-law in the presenceDt 12:7 of God.

13 The next day Moses took his seat to serve as judge for the people, and they stood around him from morning till evening.14 When his father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he said, “What is this you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge, while all these people stand around you from morning till evening?”

15 Moses answered him, “Because the people come to me to seek God’s will.S ver 19; S Ge 25:2216 Whenever they have a dispute,Ex 24:14 it is brought to me, and I decide between the parties and inform them of God’s decrees and instructions.”ver 15; Lev 24:12; Nu 15:34; Dt 1:17; 2Ch 19:7; Pr 24:23; Mal 2:9

17 Moses’ father-in-law replied, “What you are doing is not good.18 You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone.Nu 11:11, 14, 17; Dt 1:9, 1219 Listen now to me and I will give you some advice, and may God be with you.Ex 3:12 You must be the people’s representative before God and bring their disputesver 15; Nu 27:5 to him.20 Teach them his decrees and instructions,Dt 4:1, 5; 5:1; Ps 119:12, 26, 68 and show them the way they are to livePs 143:8 and how they are to behave.S Ge 39:1121 But select capable menS Ge 47:6; Ac 6:3 from all the people—men who fearS Ge 22:12 God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gainEx 23:8; Dt 16:19; 1Sa 12:3; Ps 15:5; Pr 17:23; 28:8; Ecc 7:7; Eze 18:8; 22:12—and appoint them as officialsNu 1:16; 7:2; 10:4; Dt 16:18; Ezr 7:25 over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.22 Have them serve as judges for the people at all times, but have them bring every difficult caseLev 24:11; Dt 1:17-18 to you; the simple cases they can decide themselves. That will make your load lighter, because they will shareNu 11:17; Dt 1:9 it with you.23 If you do this and God so commands, you will be able to stand the strain, and all these people will go home satisfied.”

24 Moses listened to his father-in-law and did everything he said.25 He chose capable men from all Israel and made them leadersNu 1:16; 7:2; 11:16; Dt 16:18 of the people, officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.Dt 1:13-1526 They served as judgesDt 16:18; 2Ch 19:5; Ezr 7:25 for the people at all times. The difficult casesDt 1:17 they brought to Moses, but the simple ones they decided themselves.ver 22

27 Then Moses sent his father-in-law on his way, and Jethro returned to his own country.Nu 10:29-30

At Mount Sinai

19 On the first day of the third month after the Israelites left EgyptS Ex 6:6—on that very day—they came to the Desert of Sinai.Nu 1:1; 3:14; 33:15After they set out from Rephidim,S Ex 17:1 they entered the Desert of Sinai, and Israel camped there in the desert in front of the mountain.S ver 17; S Ex 3:1; Dt 5:2-4

Then Moses went up to God,Ex 20:21 and the Lord calledS Ex 3:4; S 25:22; Ac 7:38 to him from the mountain and said, “This is what you are to say to the descendants of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel:‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt,Dt 29:2; Jos 24:7 and how I carried you on eagles’ wingsDt 32:11; Ps 103:5; Isa 40:31; Jer 4:13; 48:40; Rev 12:14 and brought you to myself.Dt 33:12; Isa 31:5; Eze 16:6Now if you obey me fullyEx 15:26; Dt 6:3; Ps 78:10; Jer 7:23 and keep my covenant,S Ge 17:9; S Ex 3:1 then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession.S Ex 8:22; S 34:9; S Dt 8:1; S Tit 2:14 Although the whole earthS Ex 9:29; 1Co 10:26 is mine,youOr possession, for the whole earth is mine. You will be for me a kingdom of priestsIsa 61:6; 66:21; S 1Pe 2:5 and a holy nation.’Ge 18:19; Lev 11:44-45; Dt 4:37; 7:6; 26:19; 28:9; 29:13; 33:3; Isa 4:3; 62:12; Jer 2:3; Am 3:2 These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.”

So Moses went back and summoned the eldersEx 18:12; Lev 4:15; 9:1; Nu 16:25 of the people and set before them all the words the Lord had commanded him to speak.Ex 4:30; 1Sa 8:10The people all responded together, “We will do everything the Lord has said.”Ex 24:3, 7; Dt 5:27; 26:17 So Moses brought their answer back to the Lord.

The Lord said to Moses, “I am going to come to you in a dense cloud,ver 16; Ex 20:21; 24:15-16; 33:9; 34:5; Dt 4:11; 2Sa 22:10, 12; 2Ch 6:1; Ps 18:11; 97:2; 99:7; Mt 17:5 so that the people will hear me speakingDt 4:12, 36; Jn 12:29-30 with you and will always put their trustS Ex 4:5 in you.” Then Moses told the Lord what the people had said.

10 And the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecratever 14, 22; Lev 11:44; Nu 11:18; 1Sa 16:5; Joel 2:16; Heb 10:22 them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothesS Ge 35:2; Rev 22:1411 and be ready by the third day,ver 16 because on that day the Lord will come downS Ge 11:5 on Mount Sinaiver 3, 20; S Ex 3:1; 24:16; 31:18; 34:2, 4, 29, 32; Lev 7:38; 26:46; 27:34; Nu 3:1; Dt 10:5; Ne 9:13; Gal 4:24-25 in the sight of all the people.12 Put limitsver 23 for the people around the mountain and tell them, ‘Be careful that you do not approach the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain is to be put to death.13 They are to be stonedHeb 12:20* or shot with arrows; not a hand is to be laid on them. No person or animal shall be permitted to live.’ Only when the ram’s hornJos 6:4; 1Ch 15:28; Ps 81:3; 98:6 sounds a long blast may they approach the mountain.”ver 21; Ex 34:3

14 After Moses had gone down the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes.S Ge 35:215 Then he said to the people, “Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain1Sa 21:4; 1Co 7:5 from sexual relations.”

Israel Defeats the Amalekites

While the people of Israel were still at Rephidim, the warriors of Amalek attacked them.Moses commanded Joshua, “Choose some men to go out and fight the army of Amalek for us. Tomorrow, I will stand at the top of the hill, holding the staff of God in my hand.”

10 So Joshua did what Moses had commanded and fought the army of Amalek. Meanwhile, Moses, Aaron, and Hur climbed to the top of a nearby hill.11 As long as Moses held up the staff in his hand, the Israelites had the advantage. But whenever he dropped his hand, the Amalekites gained the advantage.12 Moses’ arms soon became so tired he could no longer hold them up. So Aaron and Hur found a stone for him to sit on. Then they stood on each side of Moses, holding up his hands. So his hands held steady until sunset.13 As a result, Joshua overwhelmed the army of Amalek in battle.

14 After the victory, the Lord instructed Moses, “Write this down on a scroll as a permanent reminder, and read it aloud to Joshua: I will erase the memory of Amalek from under heaven.”15 Moses built an altar there and named it Yahweh-Nissi (which means “the Lord is my banner”).16 He said, “They have raised their fist against the Lord’s throne, so nowOr Hands have been lifted up to the Lord’s throne, and now. the Lord will be at war with Amalek generation after generation.”

Jethro’s Visit to Moses

18 Moses’ father-in-law, Jethro, the priest of Midian, heard about everything God had done for Moses and his people, the Israelites. He heard especially about how the Lord had rescued them from Egypt.

Earlier, Moses had sent his wife, Zipporah, and his two sons back to Jethro, who had taken them in.(Moses’ first son was named Gershom,Gershom sounds like a Hebrew term that means “a foreigner there.” for Moses had said when the boy was born, “I have been a foreigner in a foreign land.”His second son was named Eliezer,Eliezer means “God is my helper.” for Moses had said, “The God of my ancestors was my helper; he rescued me from the sword of Pharaoh.”)Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, now came to visit Moses in the wilderness. He brought Moses’ wife and two sons with him, and they arrived while Moses and the people were camped near the mountain of God.Jethro had sent a message to Moses, saying, “I, Jethro, your father-in-law, am coming to see you with your wife and your two sons.”

So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law. He bowed low and kissed him. They asked about each other’s welfare and then went into Moses’ tent.Moses told his father-in-law everything the Lord had done to Pharaoh and Egypt on behalf of Israel. He also told about all the hardships they had experienced along the way and how the Lord had rescued his people from all their troubles.Jethro was delighted when he heard about all the good things the Lord had done for Israel as he rescued them from the hand of the Egyptians.

10 “Praise the Lord,” Jethro said, “for he has rescued you from the Egyptians and from Pharaoh. Yes, he has rescued Israel from the powerful hand of Egypt!11 I know now that the Lord is greater than all other gods, because he rescued his people from the oppression of the proud Egyptians.”

12 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, brought a burnt offering and sacrifices to God. Aaron and all the elders of Israel came out and joined him in a sacrificial meal in God’s presence.

Jethro’s Wise Advice

13 The next day, Moses took his seat to hear the people’s disputes against each other. They waited before him from morning till evening.

14 When Moses’ father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he asked, “What are you really accomplishing here? Why are you trying to do all this alone while everyone stands around you from morning till evening?”

15 Moses replied, “Because the people come to me to get a ruling from God.16 When a dispute arises, they come to me, and I am the one who settles the case between the quarreling parties. I inform the people of God’s decrees and give them his instructions.”

17 “This is not good!” Moses’ father-in-law exclaimed.18 “You’re going to wear yourself out—and the people, too. This job is too heavy a burden for you to handle all by yourself.19 Now listen to me, and let me give you a word of advice, and may God be with you. You should continue to be the people’s representative before God, bringing their disputes to him.20 Teach them God’s decrees, and give them his instructions. Show them how to conduct their lives.21 But select from all the people some capable, honest men who fear God and hate bribes. Appoint them as leaders over groups of one thousand, one hundred, fifty, and ten.22 They should always be available to solve the people’s common disputes, but have them bring the major cases to you. Let the leaders decide the smaller matters themselves. They will help you carry the load, making the task easier for you.23 If you follow this advice, and if God commands you to do so, then you will be able to endure the pressures, and all these people will go home in peace.”

24 Moses listened to his father-in-law’s advice and followed his suggestions.25 He chose capable men from all over Israel and appointed them as leaders over the people. He put them in charge of groups of one thousand, one hundred, fifty, and ten.26 These men were always available to solve the people’s common disputes. They brought the major cases to Moses, but they took care of the smaller matters themselves.

27 Soon after this, Moses said good-bye to his father-in-law, who returned to his own land.

The Lord Reveals Himself at Sinai

19 Exactly two months after the Israelites left Egypt,Hebrew In the third month after the Israelites left Egypt, on the very day, i.e., two lunar months to the day after leaving Egypt. Compare Num 33:3. they arrived in the wilderness of Sinai.After breaking camp at Rephidim, they came to the wilderness of Sinai and set up camp there at the base of Mount Sinai.

Then Moses climbed the mountain to appear before God. The Lord called to him from the mountain and said, “Give these instructions to the family of Jacob; announce it to the descendants of Israel:‘You have seen what I did to the Egyptians. You know how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself.Now if you will obey me and keep my covenant, you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on earth; for all the earth belongs to me.And you will be my kingdom of priests, my holy nation.’ This is the message you must give to the people of Israel.”

So Moses returned from the mountain and called together the elders of the people and told them everything the Lord had commanded him.And all the people responded together, “We will do everything the Lord has commanded.” So Moses brought the people’s answer back to the Lord.

Then the Lord said to Moses, “I will come to you in a thick cloud, Moses, so the people themselves can hear me when I speak with you. Then they will always trust you.”

Moses told the Lord what the people had said.10 Then the Lord told Moses, “Go down and prepare the people for my arrival. Consecrate them today and tomorrow, and have them wash their clothing.11 Be sure they are ready on the third day, for on that day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai as all the people watch.12 Mark off a boundary all around the mountain. Warn the people, ‘Be careful! Do not go up on the mountain or even touch its boundaries. Anyone who touches the mountain will certainly be put to death.13 No hand may touch the person or animal that crosses the boundary; instead, stone them or shoot them with arrows. They must be put to death.’ However, when the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, then the people may go up on the mountain.Or up to the mountain.

14 So Moses went down to the people. He consecrated them for worship, and they washed their clothes.15 He told them, “Get ready for the third day, and until then abstain from having sexual intercourse.”

Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.

10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.

11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

12 But Moses hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

14 And the Lord said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:

16 For he said, Because the Lord hath sworn that the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.

18 When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt;

Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back,

And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land:

And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the God of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:

And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God:

And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.

And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.

And Moses told his father in law all that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the Lord delivered them.

And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the Lord had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.

10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the Lord, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.

11 Now I know that the Lord is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

12 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God.

13 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.

14 And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even?

15 And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God:

16 When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

17 And Moses' father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good.

18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone.

19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God:

20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.

21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

22 And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee.

23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace.

24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said.

25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

27 And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.

19 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.

And Moses went up unto God, and the Lord called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;

Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself.

Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:

And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the Lord commanded him.

And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the Lord.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the Lord.

10 And the Lord said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes,

11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.

12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death:

13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.

14 And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes.

15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

Matthew 22:34-23:12

The Greatest Commandment22:34-40pp — Mk 12:28-31

34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees,S Ac 4:1 the Pharisees got together.35 One of them, an expert in the law,Lk 7:30; 10:25; 11:45; 14:3 tested him with this question:36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”

37 Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’Deut. 6:5Dt 6:538 This is the first and greatest commandment.39 And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’Lev. 19:18Lev 19:18; S Mt 5:4340 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”Mt 7:12; Lk 10:25-28

Whose Son Is the Messiah?22:41-46pp — Mk 12:35-37; Lk 20:41-44

41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,42 “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?”

“The son of David,”S Mt 9:27 they replied.

43 He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says,

44 “‘The Lord said to my Lord:

“Sit at my right hand

until I put your enemies

under your feet.”’Psalm 110:1Ps 110:1; 1Ki 5:3; Ac 2:34, 35; 1Co 15:25; Heb 1:13; 10:13

45 If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?”46 No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions.Mk 12:34; Lk 20:40

A Warning Against Hypocrisy23:1-7pp — Mk 12:38, 39; Lk 20:45, 4623:37-39pp — Lk 13:34, 35

23 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples:“The teachers of the lawEzr 7:6, 25 and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat.So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach.They tie up heavy, cumbersome loads and put them on other people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them.Lk 11:46; Ac 15:10; Gal 6:13

“Everything they do is done for people to see:Mt 6:1, 2, 5, 16 They make their phylacteriesThat is, boxes containing Scripture verses, worn on forehead and armEx 13:9; Dt 6:8 wide and the tassels on their garmentsNu 15:38; Dt 22:12 long;they love the place of honor at banquets and the most important seats in the synagogues;Lk 11:43; 14:7; 20:46they love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces and to be called ‘Rabbi’ by others.ver 8; Mt 26:25, 49; Mk 9:5; 10:51; Jn 1:38, 49; 3:2, 26; 20:16

“But you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have one Teacher, and you are all brothers.And do not call anyone on earth ‘father,’ for you have one Father,Mal 1:6; Mt 6:9; 7:11 and he is in heaven.10 Nor are you to be called instructors, for you have one Instructor, the Messiah.11 The greatest among you will be your servant.S Mk 9:3512 For those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.1Sa 2:8; Ps 18:27; Pr 3:34; Isa 57:15; Eze 21:26; Lk 1:52; 14:11

The Most Important Commandment

34 But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees with his reply, they met together to question him again.35 One of them, an expert in religious law, tried to trap him with this question:36 “Teacher, which is the most important commandment in the law of Moses?”

37 Jesus replied, “‘You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, and all your mind.’Deut 6:5.38 This is the first and greatest commandment.39 A second is equally important: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’Lev 19:18.40 The entire law and all the demands of the prophets are based on these two commandments.”

Whose Son Is the Messiah?

41 Then, surrounded by the Pharisees, Jesus asked them a question:42 “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?”

They replied, “He is the son of David.”

43 Jesus responded, “Then why does David, speaking under the inspiration of the Spirit, call the Messiah ‘my Lord’? For David said,

44 ‘The Lord said to my Lord,

Sit in the place of honor at my right hand

until I humble your enemies beneath your feet.’Ps 110:1.

45 Since David called the Messiah ‘my Lord,’ how can the Messiah be his son?”

46 No one could answer him. And after that, no one dared to ask him any more questions.

Jesus Criticizes the Religious Leaders

23 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples,“The teachers of religious law and the Pharisees are the official interpreters of the law of Moses.Greek and the Pharisees sit in the seat of Moses.So practice and obey whatever they tell you, but don’t follow their example. For they don’t practice what they teach.They crush people with unbearable religious demands and never lift a finger to ease the burden.

“Everything they do is for show. On their arms they wear extra wide prayer boxes with Scripture verses inside, and they wear robes with extra long tassels.Greek They enlarge their phylacteries and lengthen their tassels.And they love to sit at the head table at banquets and in the seats of honor in the synagogues.They love to receive respectful greetings as they walk in the marketplaces, and to be called ‘Rabbi.’Rabbi, from Aramaic, means “master” or “teacher.”

“Don’t let anyone call you ‘Rabbi,’ for you have only one teacher, and all of you are equal as brothers and sisters.Greek brothers.And don’t address anyone here on earth as ‘Father,’ for only God in heaven is your Father.10 And don’t let anyone call you ‘Teacher,’ for you have only one teacher, the Messiah.11 The greatest among you must be a servant.12 But those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.

34 But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.

35 Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,

36 Master, which is the great commandment in the law?

37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.

38 This is the first and great commandment.

39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,

42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David.

43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,

44 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?

45 If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?

46 And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.

23 Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples,

Saying The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:

All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.

For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,

And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren.

And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.

10 Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ.

11 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.

12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Psalm 27:7-14

Hear my voicePs 5:3; 18:6; 55:17; 119:149; 130:2; Isa 28:23 when I call, Lord;

be merciful to me and answer me.S Ps 4:1

My heart says of you, “Seek his face!S 1Ch 16:11

Your face, Lord, I will seek.

Do not hide your faceS Dt 31:17; S Ps 22:24 from me,

do not turn your servant away in anger;S Ps 2:5

you have been my helper.S Ge 49:25; S Dt 33:29

Do not reject me or forsakeS Dt 4:31; Ps 37:28; 119:8; Isa 41:17; 62:12; Jer 14:9 me,

God my Savior.Ps 18:46

10 Though my father and mother forsake me,

the Lord will receive me.

11 Teach me your way,S Ex 33:13 Lord;

lead me in a straight pathS Ezr 8:21; Ps 5:8

because of my oppressors.Ps 72:4; 78:42; 106:10; Jer 21:12

12 Do not turn me over to the desire of my foes,

for false witnessesS Dt 19:16; S Mt 26:60; Ac 6:13; 1Co 15:15 rise up against me,

spouting malicious accusations.

13 I remain confident of this:

I will see the goodness of the LordEx 33:19; S 2Ch 6:41; Ps 23:6; 31:19; 145:7

in the land of the living.S Job 28:13

14 WaitPs 33:20; 130:5, 6; Isa 8:17; 30:18; Hab 2:3; Zep 3:8; Ac 1:4 for the Lord;

be strongS Dt 1:21; S Jdg 5:21; S Eph 6:10 and take heart

and wait for the Lord.

Hear me as I pray, O Lord.

Be merciful and answer me!

My heart has heard you say, “Come and talk with me.”

And my heart responds, “Lord, I am coming.”

Do not turn your back on me.

Do not reject your servant in anger.

You have always been my helper.

Don’t leave me now; don’t abandon me,

O God of my salvation!

10 Even if my father and mother abandon me,

the Lord will hold me close.

11 Teach me how to live, O Lord.

Lead me along the right path,

for my enemies are waiting for me.

12 Do not let me fall into their hands.

For they accuse me of things I’ve never done;

with every breath they threaten me with violence.

13 Yet I am confident I will see the Lord’s goodness

while I am here in the land of the living.

14 Wait patiently for the Lord.

Be brave and courageous.

Yes, wait patiently for the Lord.

Hear, O Lord, when I cry with my voice: have mercy also upon me, and answer me.

When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy face, Lord, will I seek.

Hide not thy face far from me; put not thy servant away in anger: thou hast been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me, O God of my salvation.

10 When my father and my mother forsake me, then the Lord will take me up.

11 Teach me thy way, O Lord, and lead me in a plain path, because of mine enemies.

12 Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty.

13 I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living.

14 Wait on the Lord: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the Lord.

Proverbs 6:27-35

27 Can a man scoop fire into his lap

without his clothes being burned?

28 Can a man walk on hot coals

without his feet being scorched?

29 So is he who sleepsS Ex 20:14 with another man’s wife;Pr 2:16-19; S 5:8

no one who touches her will go unpunished.

30 People do not despise a thief if he steals

to satisfy his hunger when he is starving.

31 Yet if he is caught, he must pay sevenfold,Ex 22:1-14

though it costs him all the wealth of his house.

32 But a man who commits adulteryS Ex 20:14 has no sense;Pr 7:7; 9:4, 16

whoever does so destroys himself.

33 Blows and disgrace are his lot,

and his shame will neverPr 5:9-14 be wiped away.

34 For jealousyS Nu 5:14 arouses a husband’s fury,S Ge 34:7

and he will show no mercy when he takes revenge.

35 He will not accept any compensation;

he will refuse a bribe, however great it is.Job 31:9-11; SS 8:7

27 Can a man scoop a flame into his lap

and not have his clothes catch on fire?

28 Can he walk on hot coals

and not blister his feet?

29 So it is with the man who sleeps with another man’s wife.

He who embraces her will not go unpunished.

30 Excuses might be found for a thief

who steals because he is starving.

31 But if he is caught, he must pay back seven times what he stole,

even if he has to sell everything in his house.

32 But the man who commits adultery is an utter fool,

for he destroys himself.

33 He will be wounded and disgraced.

His shame will never be erased.

34 For the woman’s jealous husband will be furious,

and he will show no mercy when he takes revenge.

35 He will accept no compensation,

nor be satisfied with a payoff of any size.

27 Can a man take fire in his bosom, and his clothes not be burned?

28 Can one go upon hot coals, and his feet not be burned?

29 So he that goeth in to his neighbour's wife; whosoever toucheth her shall not be innocent.

30 Men do not despise a thief, if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry;

31 But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

32 But whoso committeth adultery with a woman lacketh understanding: he that doeth it destroyeth his own soul.

33 A wound and dishonour shall he get; and his reproach shall not be wiped away.

34 For jealousy is the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance.

35 He will not regard any ransom; neither will he rest content, though thou givest many gifts.

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