Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

There is something about a sacrifice of love that God calls a "pleasing aroma" (Exodus 29:18 NIV). The pure and spotless ram that burned in its entirety on the altar was an acceptable sacrifice that brought God pleasure. In the same way, the world was filled with the stench of sin until the sweet smell of Jesus Christ's sacrifice was offered to God.

In Gethsemane, Jesus totally submitted His will to the Father (Matthew 26:39) out of devotion to God and love for the world. Christ, the perfect Lamb, climbed onto the altar of God to be sacrificed of His own free will. This perfect offering pleased God eternally.

Now we can please Him by walking in love and serving the needs of others instead of thinking only of ourselves (Ephesians 5:2). Paul called the Philippians' financial missionary offerings "a sweet-smelling sacrifice that is acceptable to God and pleases him" (Philippians 4:18). Each financial gift given out of personal sacrifice pleases Him immensely. Furthermore, when we sacrifice our right to be bitter and unforgiving in order to choose love, our action permeates God's throne room as a sweet aroma. Let's fill heaven with that aroma . . . and the world with the knowledge of Jesus!

Exodus 29:1-30:10

Consecration of the Priests29:1-37pp — Lev 8:1-36

29 “This is what you are to do to consecratever 21, 44; Lev 20:7; Jos 3:5; 1Ch 15:12 them, so they may serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams without defect.Eze 43:23And from the finest wheat flour make round loaves without yeast, thick loaves without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves without yeast and brushed with olive oil.ver 23; Lev 2:1, 4; 6:19-23; Nu 6:15Put them in a basket and present them along with the bull and the two rams.ver 15, 19Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of meeting and wash them with water.Ex 40:12; Lev 14:8; 16:4; Heb 10:22Take the garmentsS Ex 28:2 and dress Aaron with the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the ephod itself and the breastpiece. Fasten the ephod on him by its skillfully woven waistband.Ex 28:8Put the turbanEx 28:39; Isa 3:23; Zec 3:5 on his head and attach the sacred emblemS Ex 28:36 to the turban.Take the anointing oilver 21; S Ex 28:41; 30:25, 30, 31; 37:29; 40:9; Lev 21:10; 1Sa 10:1; 1Ki 1:39; Ps 89:20; 133:2; 141:5 and anoint him by pouring it on his head.Bring his sons and dress them in tunicsS Ex 28:4; Lev 16:4and fasten caps on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons.Hebrew; Septuagint on themEx 28:40 The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance.S Ex 27:21; 40:15; Nu 3:10; 18:7; 25:13; Dt 18:5; Jdg 17:5; 1Sa 2:30; 1Ki 12:31

“Then you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

10 “Bring the bull to the front of the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head.ver 19; Lev 1:4; 4:15; 16:21; Nu 8:1211 Slaughter it in the Lord’s presenceLev 1:5, 11; 4:24; 6:16, 25; 14:13 at the entrance to the tent of meeting.12 Take some of the bull’s blood and put it on the hornsS Ex 27:2 of the altar with your finger, and pour out the rest of it at the base of the altar.Lev 4:7; 9:913 Then take all the fatver 22; Lev 1:8; 3:3, 5, 9; 4:10; 6:12; 7:3, 5, 31; 9:10; Nu 18:17; 1Sa 2:15; 1Ki 8:64; 2Ch 7:7; 29:35; 35:14; Isa 43:24; Eze 44:15 on the internal organs,S Ex 12:9 the long lobe of the liver, and both kidneys with the fat on them, and burn them on the altar.14 But burn the bull’s flesh and its hide and its intestinesNa 3:6; Mal 2:3 outside the camp.Lev 4:12, 21; 16:27; Nu 19:3-5; Heb 13:11 It is a sin offering.Or purification offering; also in verse 36

15 “Take one of the rams,S ver 3 and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head.ver 10; Lev 3:2; 2Ch 29:2316 Slaughter it and take the blood and splash it against the sides of the altar.17 Cut the ram into pieces and washLev 1:9, 13 the internal organs and the legs, putting them with the head and the other pieces.18 Then burn the entire ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the Lord, a pleasing aroma,S Ge 8:21; 2Co 2:15 a food offering presented to the Lord.

19 “Take the other ram,S ver 3 and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head.S ver 1020 Slaughter it, take some of its blood and put it on the lobes of the right ears of Aaron and his sons, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet.Lev 14:14, 25 Then splash blood against the sides of the altar.ver 16; Lev 1:5, 11; 3:221 And take some bloodHeb 9:22 from the altar and some of the anointing oilS ver 7 and sprinkle it on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. Then he and his sons and their garments will be consecrated.S ver 1

22 “Take from this ram the fat,S ver 13 the fat tail, the fat on the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, both kidneys with the fat on them, and the right thigh. (This is the ram for the ordination.)23 From the basket of bread made without yeast, which is before the Lord, take one round loaf, one thick loaf with olive oil mixed in, and one thin loaf.24 Put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons and have them wave them before the Lord as a wave offering.Lev 7:30; 9:21; 10:15; 14:12; 23:11, 20; Nu 6:20; 8:11, 13, 1525 Then take them from their hands and burn them on the altar along with the burnt offering for a pleasing aroma to the Lord, a food offering presented to the Lord.ver 1826 After you take the breast of the ram for Aaron’s ordination, wave it before the Lord as a wave offering, and it will be your share.Lev 7:31-34

27 “Consecrate those parts of the ordination ram that belong to Aaron and his sons:Ex 22:29; Lev 7:31, 34; Nu 18:11, 12; Dt 18:3 the breast that was waved and the thigh that was presented.28 This is always to be the perpetual share from the Israelites for Aaron and his sons. It is the contribution the Israelites are to make to the Lord from their fellowship offerings.ver 22-27; Lev 7:30, 34; 10:15

29 “Aaron’s sacred garmentsS Ex 28:2; S Lev 16:4 will belong to his descendants so that they can be anointed and ordained in them.Nu 20:2830 The sonLev 6:22; Nu 3:3; 20:28 who succeeds him as priest and comes to the tent of meeting to minister in the Holy Place is to wear them seven days.

31 “Take the ramLev 7:37; 2Ch 13:9 for the ordination and cook the meat in a sacred place.Lev 10:14; Nu 19:9; Eze 42:1332 At the entrance to the tent of meeting, Aaron and his sons are to eat the meat of the ram and the breadMt 12:4 that is in the basket.33 They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no one else may eatLev 22:10, 13 them, because they are sacred.34 And if any of the meat of the ordination ram or any bread is left over till morning,S Ex 12:10 burn it up. It must not be eaten, because it is sacred.

35 “Do for Aaron and his sons everything I have commanded you, taking seven days to ordain them.36 Sacrifice a bull each dayHeb 10:11 as a sin offering to make atonementver 33, 37; Ex 30:10; Lev 1:4; 4:20; 16:16; Nu 6:11; 8:12, 19; 16:46; 25:13; 2Ch 29:24. Purify the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrateEx 40:10; Nu 7:10 it.37 For seven days make atonement for the altar and consecrate it. Then the altar will be most holy, and whatever touches it will be holy.Ex 30:28-29; 40:10; Eze 43:25; Mt 23:19

38 “This is what you are to offer on the altar regularly each day:Lev 23:2; Nu 28:3-8; 1Ch 16:40; 2Ch 8:13; Eze 46:13-15; Da 12:11 two lambs a year old.39 Offer one in the morning and the other at twilight.Nu 28:4, 8; 1Ki 18:36; 2Ch 13:11; Ezr 3:3; Ps 141:2; Da 9:2140 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephahThat is, probably about 3 1/2 pounds or about 1.6 kilograms of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hinThat is, probably about 1 quart or about 1 liter of oilEx 30:24; Nu 15:4; 28:5 from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering.S Ge 35:14; Lev 23:37; 2Ki 16:1341 Sacrifice the other lamb at twilight1Ki 18:29, 36; 2Ki 3:20; 16:15; Ezr 9:4, 5; Ps 141:2; Da 9:21 with the same grain offeringLev 2:1; 5:13; 10:12; Nu 4:16; 6:17; 1Ki 8:64; Isa 43:23 and its drink offering as in the morning—a pleasing aroma, a food offering presented to the Lord.

42 “For the generations to comeEx 30:8, 10, 21, 31; 31:13 this burnt offering is to be made regularlyEze 46:15 at the entrance to the tent of meeting,S Ex 26:1; S 27:21 before the Lord. There I will meet you and speak to you;ver 43; Ex 25:22; 33:9, 11; Nu 7:8943 there also I will meet with the Israelites, and the place will be consecrated by my glory.Ex 33:18; 40:34; Lev 9:6; 1Ki 8:11; 2Ch 5:14; 7:2; Ps 26:8; 85:9; Eze 1:28; 43:5; Hag 1:8; 2:7

44 “So I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar and will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests.S ver 145 Then I will dwellS Ex 25:8; Nu 35:34; Jn 14:17; S Ro 8:10 among the Israelites and be their God.S Ge 17:7; 2Co 6:1646 They will know that I am the Lord their God, who brought them out of EgyptS Ex 6:6; 19:4-6; Dt 5:6; Ps 114:1; Hag 2:5 so that I might dwell among them. I am the Lord their God.S Ge 17:7

The Altar of Incense30:1-5pp — Ex 37:25-28

30 “Make an altarEx 40:5, 26; Nu 4:11; 1Ki 6:20; Eze 41:22 of acacia wood for burning incense.S Ex 25:6; 37:29; Lk 1:11; Heb 9:4; Rev 8:3It is to be square, a cubit long and a cubit wide, and two cubits highThat is, about 1 1/2 feet long and wide and 3 feet high or about 45 centimeters long and wide and 90 centimeters high—its hornsS Ex 27:2; Rev 9:13 of one piece with it.Overlay the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold, and make a gold molding around it.S Ex 25:11Make two gold ringsS Ex 25:12 for the altar below the molding—two on each of the opposite sides—to hold the poles used to carry it.Make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.S Ex 25:13Put the altar in front of the curtain that shields the ark of the covenant law—before the atonement coverEx 25:22; S 26:34 that is over the tablets of the covenant law—where I will meet with you.

“Aaron must burn fragrant incenseS Ex 25:6; 40:27; Nu 3:10; Dt 33:10; 1Sa 2:28; 1Ch 6:49; 2Ch 2:4; 26:18; 29:7 on the altar every morning when he tends the lamps.He must burn incense again when he lights the lamps at twilight so incense will burn regularly before the Lord for the generations to come.S Ex 25:37; S 29:42Do not offer on this altar any other incenseLev 10:1; Nu 16:7, 40 or any burnt offering or grain offering, and do not pour a drink offering on it.10 Once a yearLev 16:2 Aaron shall make atonementLev 9:7; 16:18-19, 30; 23:27, 28; 25:9 on its horns. This annual atonement must be made with the blood of the atoning sin offeringOr purification offeringEx 29:14; Lev 4:3; 6:25; 7:7; 8:2, 14; Nu 6:11 for the generations to come.S Ex 29:42 It is most holy to the Lord.”

Dedication of the Priests

29 “This is the ceremony you must follow when you consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams with no defects.Then, using choice wheat flour and no yeast, make loaves of bread, thin cakes mixed with olive oil, and wafers spread with oil.Place them all in a single basket, and present them at the entrance of the Tabernacle, along with the young bull and the two rams.

“Present Aaron and his sons at the entrance of the Tabernacle,Hebrew Tent of Meeting; also in 29:10, 11, 30, 32, 42, 44. and wash them with water.Dress Aaron in his priestly garments—the tunic, the robe worn with the ephod, the ephod itself, and the chestpiece. Then wrap the decorative sash of the ephod around him.Place the turban on his head, and fasten the sacred medallion to the turban.Then anoint him by pouring the anointing oil over his head.Next present his sons, and dress them in their tunics.Wrap the sashes around the waists of Aaron and his sons, and put their special head coverings on them. Then the right to the priesthood will be theirs by law forever. In this way, you will ordain Aaron and his sons.

10 “Bring the young bull to the entrance of the Tabernacle, where Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on its head.11 Then slaughter the bull in the Lord’s presence at the entrance of the Tabernacle.12 Put some of its blood on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour out the rest at the base of the altar.13 Take all the fat around the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat around them, and burn it all on the altar.14 Then take the rest of the bull, including its hide, meat, and dung, and burn it outside the camp as a sin offering.

15 “Next Aaron and his sons must lay their hands on the head of one of the rams.16 Then slaughter the ram, and splatter its blood against all sides of the altar.17 Cut the ram into pieces, and wash off the internal organs and the legs. Set them alongside the head and the other pieces of the body,18 then burn the entire animal on the altar. This is a burnt offering to the Lord; it is a pleasing aroma, a special gift presented to the Lord.

19 “Now take the other ram, and have Aaron and his sons lay their hands on its head.20 Then slaughter it, and apply some of its blood to the right earlobes of Aaron and his sons. Also put it on the thumbs of their right hands and the big toes of their right feet. Splatter the rest of the blood against all sides of the altar.21 Then take some of the blood from the altar and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and his sons and on their garments. In this way, they and their garments will be set apart as holy.

22 “Since this is the ram for the ordination of Aaron and his sons, take the fat of the ram, including the fat of the broad tail, the fat around the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat around them, along with the right thigh.23 Then take one round loaf of bread, one thin cake mixed with olive oil, and one wafer from the basket of bread without yeast that was placed in the Lord’s presence.24 Put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons to be lifted up as a special offering to the Lord.25 Afterward take the various breads from their hands, and burn them on the altar along with the burnt offering. It is a pleasing aroma to the Lord, a special gift for him.26 Then take the breast of Aaron’s ordination ram, and lift it up in the Lord’s presence as a special offering to him. Then keep it as your own portion.

27 “Set aside the portions of the ordination ram that belong to Aaron and his sons. This includes the breast and the thigh that were lifted up before the Lord as a special offering.28 In the future, whenever the people of Israel lift up a peace offering, a portion of it must be set aside for Aaron and his descendants. This is their permanent right, and it is a sacred offering from the Israelites to the Lord.

29 “Aaron’s sacred garments must be preserved for his descendants who succeed him, and they will wear them when they are anointed and ordained.30 The descendant who succeeds him as high priest will wear these clothes for seven days as he ministers in the Tabernacle and the Holy Place.

31 “Take the ram used in the ordination ceremony, and boil its meat in a sacred place.32 Then Aaron and his sons will eat this meat, along with the bread in the basket, at the Tabernacle entrance.33 They alone may eat the meat and bread used for their purificationOr their atonement. in the ordination ceremony. No one else may eat them, for these things are set apart and holy.34 If any of the ordination meat or bread remains until the morning, it must be burned. It may not be eaten, for it is holy.

35 “This is how you will ordain Aaron and his sons to their offices, just as I have commanded you. The ordination ceremony will go on for seven days.36 Each day you must sacrifice a young bull as a sin offering to purify them, making them right with the Lord.Or to make atonement. Afterward, cleanse the altar by purifying itOr by making atonement for it; similarly in 29:37.; make it holy by anointing it with oil.37 Purify the altar, and consecrate it every day for seven days. After that, the altar will be absolutely holy, and whatever touches it will become holy.

38 “These are the sacrifices you are to offer regularly on the altar. Each day, offer two lambs that are a year old,39 one in the morning and the other in the evening.40 With one of them, offer two quarts of choice flour mixed with one quart of pure oil of pressed olives; also, offer one quart of wineHebrew 1⁄10 [of an ephah] [2.2 liters] of choice flour . . . 1⁄4 of a hin [1 liter] of pure oil . . . 1⁄4 of a hin of wine. as a liquid offering.41 Offer the other lamb in the evening, along with the same offerings of flour and wine as in the morning. It will be a pleasing aroma, a special gift presented to the Lord.

42 “These burnt offerings are to be made each day from generation to generation. Offer them in the Lord’s presence at the Tabernacle entrance; there I will meet with you and speak with you.43 I will meet the people of Israel there, in the place made holy by my glorious presence.44 Yes, I will consecrate the Tabernacle and the altar, and I will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests.45 Then I will live among the people of Israel and be their God,46 and they will know that I am the Lord their God. I am the one who brought them out of the land of Egypt so that I could live among them. I am the Lord their God.

Plans for the Incense Altar

30 “Then make another altar of acacia wood for burning incense.Make it 18 inches square and 36 inches high,Hebrew 1 cubit [46 centimeters] long and 1 cubit wide, a square, and 2 cubits [92 centimeters] high. with horns at the corners carved from the same piece of wood as the altar itself.Overlay the top, sides, and horns of the altar with pure gold, and run a gold molding around the entire altar.Make two gold rings, and attach them on opposite sides of the altar below the gold molding to hold the carrying poles.Make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.Place the incense altar just outside the inner curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant,Or Ark of the Testimony; also in 30:26. in front of the Ark’s cover—the place of atonement—that covers the tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant.Hebrew that covers the Testimony; see note on 25:16. I will meet with you there.

“Every morning when Aaron maintains the lamps, he must burn fragrant incense on the altar.And each evening when he lights the lamps, he must again burn incense in the Lord’s presence. This must be done from generation to generation.Do not offer any unholy incense on this altar, or any burnt offerings, grain offerings, or liquid offerings.

10 “Once a year Aaron must purifyOr make atonement for; also in 30:10b. the altar by smearing its horns with blood from the offering made to purify the people from their sin. This will be a regular, annual event from generation to generation, for this is the Lord’s most holy altar.”

29 And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,

And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.

And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.

And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.

And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:

And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre.

Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.

And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them.

And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.

10 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.

11 And thou shalt kill the bullock before the Lord, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

12 And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.

13 And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.

14 But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

15 Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

16 And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.

17 And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.

18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the Lord: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

19 And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

20 Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.

21 And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.

22 Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:

23 And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the Lord:

24 And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the Lord.

25 And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the Lord: it is an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

26 And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the Lord: and it shall be thy part.

27 And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:

28 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the Lord.

29 And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them.

30 And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.

31 And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place.

32 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

33 And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.

34 And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

35 And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them.

36 And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.

37 Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.

38 Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.

39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:

40 And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.

41 And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.

43 And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.

44 And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest's office.

45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.

46 And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the Lord their God.

30 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.

A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same.

And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.

And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal.

And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.

And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.

And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.

And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations.

Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.

10 And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the Lord.

Matthew 26:14-46

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus26:14-16pp — Mk 14:10, 11; Lk 22:3-6

14 Then one of the Twelve—the one called Judas Iscariotver 25, 47; S Mt 10:4—went to the chief priests15 and asked, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver him over to you?” So they counted out for him thirty pieces of silver.Ex 21:32; Zec 11:1216 From then on Judas watched for an opportunity to hand him over.

The Last Supper26:17-19pp — Mk 14:12-16; Lk 22:7-1326:20-24pp — Mk 14:17-2126:26-29pp — Mk 14:22-25; Lk 22:17-20; 1Co 11:23-25

17 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread,Ex 12:18-20 the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover?”Dt 16:5-8

18 He replied, “Go into the city to a certain man and tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My appointed timeMk 14:35, 41; Jn 7:6, 8, 30; 8:20; 12:23; 13:1; 17:1 is near. I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house.’”19 So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover.

20 When evening came, Jesus was reclining at the table with the Twelve.21 And while they were eating, he said, “Truly I tell you, one of you will betray me.”Lk 22:21-23; Jn 13:21

22 They were very sad and began to say to him one after the other, “Surely you don’t mean me, Lord?”

23 Jesus replied, “The one who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me.Ps 41:9; Jn 13:1824 The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him.ver 31, 54, 56; Isa 53; Da 9:26; Mk 9:12; Lk 24:25-27, 46; Ac 17:2, 3; 26:22, 23; 1Pe 1:10, 11 But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.”

25 Then Judas, the one who would betray him,S Mt 10:4 said, “Surely you don’t mean me, Rabbi?”S Mt 23:7

Jesus answered, “You have said so.”

26 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke itS Mt 14:19 and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is my body.”

27 Then he took a cup,1Co 10:16 and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you.28 This is my blood of theSome manuscripts the new covenant,Ex 24:6-8; Zec 9:11; Mal 2:5; Heb 9:20; 10:29; S 13:20 which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.S Mt 20:28; Mk 1:429 I tell you, I will not drink from this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with youAc 10:41 in my Father’s kingdom.”

30 When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.S Mt 21:1

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial26:31-35pp — Mk 14:27-31; Lk 22:31-34

31 Then Jesus told them, “This very night you will all fall away on account of me,Mt 11:6; 13:21 for it is written:

“‘I will strike the shepherd,

and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’Zech. 13:7Zec 13:7; Jn 16:32

32 But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee.”Mt 28:7, 10, 16

33 Peter replied, “Even if all fall away on account of you, I never will.”

34 “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times.”ver 75; Jn 13:38

35 But Peter declared, “Even if I have to die with you,Jn 13:37 I will never disown you.” And all the other disciples said the same.

Gethsemane26:36-46pp — Mk 14:32-42; Lk 22:40-46

36 Then Jesus went with his disciples to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to them, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.”37 He took Peter and the two sons of ZebedeeS Mt 4:21 along with him, and he began to be sorrowful and troubled.38 Then he said to them, “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrowS Jn 12:27 to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me.”ver 40, 41

39 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cupS Mt 20:22 be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will.”ver 42; Ps 40:6-8; Isa 50:5; Mt 6:10; Jn 4:34; 5:30; 6:38

40 Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping. “Couldn’t you men keep watch with mever 38 for one hour?” he asked Peter.41 “Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation.Mt 6:13 The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”

42 He went away a second time and prayed, “My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done.”S ver 39

43 When he came back, he again found them sleeping, because their eyes were heavy.44 So he left them and went away once more and prayed the third time, saying the same thing.

45 Then he returned to the disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Look, the hourS ver 18 has come, and the Son of Man is delivered into the hands of sinners.46 Rise! Let us go! Here comes my betrayer!”

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus

14 Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve disciples, went to the leading priests15 and asked, “How much will you pay me to betray Jesus to you?” And they gave him thirty pieces of silver.16 From that time on, Judas began looking for an opportunity to betray Jesus.

The Last Supper

17 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Where do you want us to prepare the Passover meal for you?”

18 “As you go into the city,” he told them, “you will see a certain man. Tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My time has come, and I will eat the Passover meal with my disciples at your house.’”19 So the disciples did as Jesus told them and prepared the Passover meal there.

20 When it was evening, Jesus sat down at the tableOr Jesus reclined. with the Twelve.21 While they were eating, he said, “I tell you the truth, one of you will betray me.”

22 Greatly distressed, each one asked in turn, “Am I the one, Lord?”

23 He replied, “One of you who has just eaten from this bowl with me will betray me.24 For the Son of Man must die, as the Scriptures declared long ago. But how terrible it will be for the one who betrays him. It would be far better for that man if he had never been born!”

25 Judas, the one who would betray him, also asked, “Rabbi, am I the one?”

And Jesus told him, “You have said it.”

26 As they were eating, Jesus took some bread and blessed it. Then he broke it in pieces and gave it to the disciples, saying, “Take this and eat it, for this is my body.”

27 And he took a cup of wine and gave thanks to God for it. He gave it to them and said, “Each of you drink from it,28 for this is my blood, which confirms the covenantSome manuscripts read the new covenant. between God and his people. It is poured out as a sacrifice to forgive the sins of many.29 Mark my words—I will not drink wine again until the day I drink it new with you in my Father’s Kingdom.”

30 Then they sang a hymn and went out to the Mount of Olives.

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial

31 On the way, Jesus told them, “Tonight all of you will desert me. For the Scriptures say,

‘God will strikeGreek I will strike. Zech 13:7. the Shepherd,

and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’

32 But after I have been raised from the dead, I will go ahead of you to Galilee and meet you there.”

33 Peter declared, “Even if everyone else deserts you, I will never desert you.”

34 Jesus replied, “I tell you the truth, Peter—this very night, before the rooster crows, you will deny three times that you even know me.”

35 “No!” Peter insisted. “Even if I have to die with you, I will never deny you!” And all the other disciples vowed the same.

Jesus Prays in Gethsemane

36 Then Jesus went with them to the olive grove called Gethsemane, and he said, “Sit here while I go over there to pray.”37 He took Peter and Zebedee’s two sons, James and John, and he became anguished and distressed.38 He told them, “My soul is crushed with grief to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me.”

39 He went on a little farther and bowed with his face to the ground, praying, “My Father! If it is possible, let this cup of suffering be taken away from me. Yet I want your will to be done, not mine.”

40 Then he returned to the disciples and found them asleep. He said to Peter, “Couldn’t you watch with me even one hour?41 Keep watch and pray, so that you will not give in to temptation. For the spirit is willing, but the body is weak!”

42 Then Jesus left them a second time and prayed, “My Father! If this cup cannot be taken awayGreek If this cannot pass. unless I drink it, your will be done.”43 When he returned to them again, he found them sleeping, for they couldn’t keep their eyes open.

44 So he went to pray a third time, saying the same things again.45 Then he came to the disciples and said, “Go ahead and sleep. Have your rest. But look—the time has come. The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.46 Up, let’s be going. Look, my betrayer is here!”

14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests,

15 And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.

16 And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.

17 Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?

18 And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.

19 And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.

20 Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve.

21 And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.

22 And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I?

23 And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me.

24 The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born.

25 Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.

26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.

27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

29 But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.

30 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.

31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.

32 But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee.

33 Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended.

34 Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

35 Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.

36 Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder.

37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy.

38 Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.

39 And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

40 And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour?

41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.

42 He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.

43 And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.

44 And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.

45 Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

46 Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.

Psalm 31:19-24

19 How abundant are the good thingsS Ps 27:13; Ro 11:22

that you have stored up for those who fear you,

that you bestow in the sight of all,Ps 23:5

on those who take refugePs 2:12 in you.

20 In the shelterPs 55:8 of your presence you hideS Ps 17:8 them

from all human intrigues;S Ge 37:18

you keep them safe in your dwelling

from accusing tongues.

21 Praise be to the Lord,Ps 28:6

for he showed me the wonders of his loveS Ps 17:7

when I was in a city under siege.1Sa 23:7

22 In my alarmPs 116:11 I said,

“I am cut offJob 6:9; 17:1; Ps 37:9; 88:5; Isa 38:12 from your sight!”

Yet you heard my cryPs 6:9; 66:19; 116:1; 145:19 for mercy

when I called to you for help.

23 Love the Lord, all his faithful people!S Ps 4:3

The Lord preserves those who are true to him,S Ps 18:25; Rev 2:10

but the proud he pays backDt 32:41; Ps 94:2 in full.

24 Be strong and take heart,Ps 27:14

all you who hope in the Lord.

19 How great is the goodness

you have stored up for those who fear you.

You lavish it on those who come to you for protection,

blessing them before the watching world.

20 You hide them in the shelter of your presence,

safe from those who conspire against them.

You shelter them in your presence,

far from accusing tongues.

21 Praise the Lord,

for he has shown me the wonders of his unfailing love.

He kept me safe when my city was under attack.

22 In panic I cried out,

“I am cut off from the Lord!”

But you heard my cry for mercy

and answered my call for help.

23 Love the Lord, all you godly ones!

For the Lord protects those who are loyal to him,

but he harshly punishes the arrogant.

24 So be strong and courageous,

all you who put your hope in the Lord!

19 Oh how great is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; which thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men!

20 Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.

21 Blessed be the Lord: for he hath shewed me his marvellous kindness in a strong city.

22 For I said in my haste, I am cut off from before thine eyes: nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my supplications when I cried unto thee.

23 O love the Lord, all ye his saints: for the Lord preserveth the faithful, and plentifully rewardeth the proud doer.

24 Be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in the Lord.

Proverbs 8:14-26

14 Counsel and sound judgment are mine;

I have insight, I have power.S Job 9:4; Pr 21:22; Ecc 7:19

15 By me kings reign

and rulersS Ps 2:10 issue decrees that are just;

16 by me princes govern,S 2Ch 1:10; Pr 29:4

and nobles—all who rule on earth.Some Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; other Hebrew manuscripts all righteous rulers

17 I love those who love me,S 1Sa 2:30; Jn 14:21-24

and those who seek me find me.S 1Ch 16:11; S Pr 1:28; 3:13-18; Mt 7:7-11

18 With me are riches and honor,S 1Ki 3:13

enduring wealth and prosperity.S Dt 8:18

19 My fruit is better than fine gold;S Job 28:17-19

what I yield surpasses choice silver.S Pr 3:13-14

20 I walk in the way of righteousness,S Ps 5:8

along the paths of justice,

21 bestowing a rich inheritance on those who love me

and making their treasuries full.Pr 15:6; 24:4

22 “The Lord brought me forth as the first of his works,Or way; or dominionOr The Lord possessed me at the beginning of his work; or The Lord brought me forth at the beginning of his work

before his deeds of old;

23 I was formed long ages ago,

at the very beginning, when the world came to be.

24 When there were no watery depths, I was given birth,

when there were no springs overflowing with water;S Ge 7:11

25 before the mountains were settled in place,S Job 38:6

before the hills, I was given birth,S Job 15:7

26 before he made the world or its fields

or any of the dust of the earth.S Ps 90:2

14 Common sense and success belong to me.

Insight and strength are mine.

15 Because of me, kings reign,

and rulers make just decrees.

16 Rulers lead with my help,

and nobles make righteous judgments.Some Hebrew manuscripts and Greek version read and nobles are judges over the earth.

17 “I love all who love me.

Those who search will surely find me.

18 I have riches and honor,

as well as enduring wealth and justice.

19 My gifts are better than gold, even the purest gold,

my wages better than sterling silver!

20 I walk in righteousness,

in paths of justice.

21 Those who love me inherit wealth.

I will fill their treasuries.

22 “The Lord formed me from the beginning,

before he created anything else.

23 I was appointed in ages past,

at the very first, before the earth began.

24 I was born before the oceans were created,

before the springs bubbled forth their waters.

25 Before the mountains were formed,

before the hills, I was born—

26 before he had made the earth and fields

and the first handfuls of soil.

14 Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom: I am understanding; I have strength.

15 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice.

16 By me princes rule, and nobles, even all the judges of the earth.

17 I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.

18 Riches and honour are with me; yea, durable riches and righteousness.

19 My fruit is better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver.

20 I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment:

21 That I may cause those that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill their treasures.

22 The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old.

23 I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.

24 When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water.

25 Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth:

26 While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.

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