Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Unbelief is dangerous, regardless of who you are. Zechariah, a member of the priestly tribe, was standing in the Holy Place offering incense before God when an angel of the Lord brought him a message. Because he refused to believe the message and questioned the power of God, Zechariah was struck dumb.

Another example of unbelief is found in Numbers 20:11-12, which tells how Moses' and Aaron's lack of trust in God led them to act rashly. They struck the rock twice instead of merely speaking to it as God had instructed. This simple act of unbelief disqualified them from their long-awaited entrance into the Promised Land.

God does not exempt His leaders from judgment if they fail to walk before Him in the purity of faith. He "doesn't show partiality" (Acts 10:34) and equally dispenses judgment on all who refuse to believe. His judgment can be swift and stern, as when Uzzah was struck dead for steadying the ark of the covenant after the oxen stumbled (1 Chronicles 13:9-10). In another instance, "Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu put coals of fire in their incense burners and sprinkled incense over it" (Leviticus 10:1) and were immediately burned alive by the fire of God.

God is awesome in His holiness and will not be disregarded. Let's serve Him with the proper respect and awe, "for our God is a consuming fire" (Hebrews 12:29).

Numbers 19:1-20:29

The Water of Cleansing

19 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron:“This is a requirement of the law that the Lord has commanded: Tell the Israelites to bring you a red heiferS Ge 15:9; Heb 9:13 without defect or blemishS Lev 22:19-25 and that has never been under a yoke.Dt 21:3; 1Sa 6:7Give it to EleazarNu 3:4 the priest; it is to be taken outside the campS Ex 29:14 and slaughtered in his presence.Then Eleazar the priest is to take some of its blood on his finger and sprinkleS Lev 4:17 it seven times toward the front of the tent of meeting.While he watches, the heifer is to be burned—its hide, flesh, blood and intestines.S Ex 29:14The priest is to take some cedar wood, hyssopver 18; Ps 51:7 and scarlet woolS Lev 14:4 and throw them onto the burning heifer.After that, the priest must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water.S Lev 11:25; S 14:8 He may then come into the camp, but he will be ceremonially unclean till evening.The man who burns it must also wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he too will be unclean till evening.

“A man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heiferHeb 9:13 and put them in a ceremonially clean placeS Ex 29:31; S Lev 4:12 outside the camp. They are to be kept by the Israelite community for use in the water of cleansing;ver 13; Nu 8:7 it is for purification from sin.S Ge 35:210 The man who gathers upLev 15:10 the ashes of the heifer must also wash his clothes, and he too will be unclean till evening.Lev 14:46 This will be a lasting ordinanceLev 3:17 both for the Israelites and for the foreigners residing among them.S Lev 22:18

11 “Whoever touches a human corpseS Lev 21:1 will be unclean for seven days.S Lev 8:33; Nu 31:1912 They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day;ver 19; Nu 31:19 then they will be clean. But if they do not purify themselves on the third and seventh days, they will not be clean.ver 20; 2Ch 26:2113 If they fail to purify themselves after touching a human corpse,S Lev 21:11 they defile the Lord’s tabernacle.S Lev 15:31; 2Ch 36:14; Ps 79:1 They must be cut off from Israel.Lev 7:20; 22:3 Because the water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on them, they are unclean;ver 22; Hag 2:13 their uncleanness remains on them.

14 “This is the law that applies when a person dies in a tent: Anyone who enters the tent and anyone who is in it will be unclean for seven days,15 and every open containerS Lev 6:28 without a lid fastened on it will be unclean.

16 “Anyone out in the open who touches someone who has been killed with a sword or someone who has died a natural death,Nu 31:19 or anyone who touches a human bone1Ki 13:2; 2Ki 23:14; Eze 6:5 or a grave,2Ki 23:6; Mt 23:27 will be unclean for seven days.S Lev 5:3

17 “For the unclean person, put some ashesver 9 from the burned purification offering into a jar and pour fresh waterS Nu 8:7 over them.18 Then a man who is ceremonially clean is to take some hyssop,S ver 6; S Ex 12:22 dip it in the water and sprinkleS Lev 4:17 the tent and all the furnishings and the people who were there. He must also sprinkle anyone who has touched a human bone or a gravever 16 or anyone who has been killed or anyone who has died a natural death.19 The man who is clean is to sprinkleS Lev 16:14-15 those who are unclean on the third and seventh days, and on the seventh day he is to purify them.Nu 31:19; Eze 36:25; Heb 10:22 Those who are being cleansed must wash their clothesS Ge 35:2 and bathe with water, and that evening they will be clean.20 But if those who are unclean do not purify themselves, they must be cut off from the community, because they have defiledPs 74:7 the sanctuary of the Lord.S Lev 15:31 The water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on them, and they are unclean.S ver 12; S Lev 14:821 This is a lasting ordinanceS Ex 27:21 for them.

“The man who sprinkles the water of cleansing must also wash his clothes, and anyone who touches the water of cleansing will be unclean till evening.22 Anything that an uncleanS Lev 5:2; 15:4-12 person touches becomes unclean, and anyone who touches it becomes unclean till evening.”

Water From the Rock

20 In the first month the whole Israelite community arrived at the Desert of Zin,Nu 13:21 and they stayed at Kadesh.ver 14; Nu 13:26; 33:36; Dt 1:46; Jdg 11:17; Ps 29:8 There MiriamS Ex 15:20 died and was buried.

Now there was no waterS Ex 15:22 for the community,Ex 17:1 and the people gathered in oppositionS Nu 16:19 to Moses and Aaron.They quarreledver 13; S Ge 13:7; Ex 17:2; 21:18 with Moses and said, “If only we had died when our brothers fell deadS Ex 5:21 before the Lord!S Nu 14:2; 16:31-35Why did you bring the Lord’s community into this wilderness,S Nu 14:2 that we and our livestock should die here?S Ex 14:11; Nu 14:3; 16:13Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to this terrible place? It has no grain or figs, grapevines or pomegranates.Nu 13:23; 16:14 And there is no water to drink!S Ex 17:1

Moses and Aaron went from the assembly to the entrance to the tent of meetingS Ex 40:2 and fell facedown,Nu 14:5 and the glory of the LordS Nu 16:19 appeared to them.The Lord said to Moses,“Take the staff,S Ex 4:2; S 10:12-13 and you and your brother Aaron gather the assembly together. Speak to that rock before their eyes and it will pour out its water.Ex 17:6; Isa 41:18; 43:20; Jer 31:9 You will bring water out of the rock for the community so they and their livestock can drink.”

So Moses took the staffNu 17:2 from the Lord’s presence,Nu 17:10 just as he commanded him.10 He and Aaron gathered the assembly togetherver 8 in front of the rock and Moses said to them, “Listen, you rebels, must we bring you water out of this rock?”Ps 106:32, 3311 Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. WaterS Ex 17:6; S Isa 33:21 gushed out, and the community and their livestock drank.

12 But the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not trust in me enough to honor me as holyNu 27:14; Dt 32:51; Isa 5:16; 8:13 in the sight of the Israelites, you will not bring this community into the land I give them.”ver 24; Dt 1:37; 3:27

13 These were the waters of Meribah,Meribah means quarreling.S Ex 17:7 where the Israelites quarreledS ver 3 with the Lord and where he was proved holy among them.S Lev 10:3

Edom Denies Israel Passage

14 Moses sent messengers from KadeshS ver 1 to the king of Edom,S ver 16; S Ge 25:30; S 36:16 saying:

“This is what your brother Israel says: You knowGe 24:3; Dt 4:39; Jos 2:11; 9:9 about all the hardshipsS Ex 18:8 that have come on us.15 Our ancestors went down into Egypt,S Ge 46:6 and we lived there many years.S Ge 15:13 The Egyptians mistreatedS Ex 1:14 us and our ancestors,16 but when we cried out to the Lord, he heard our cryS Ge 16:11; S 21:17; S Ex 2:23 and sent an angelEx 14:19 and brought us out of Egypt.Ex 12:42; Dt 26:8

“Now we are here at Kadesh, a town on the edge of your territory.ver 14, 23; Nu 33:3717 Please let us pass through your country. We will not go through any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will travel along the King’s Highway and not turn to the right or to the left until we have passed through your territory.ver 20; Nu 21:22; Dt 2:27; Jdg 11:17

18 But Edomver 14 answered:

“You may not pass through here; if you try, we will march out and attack you with the sword.Nu 21:23

19 The Israelites replied:

“We will go along the main road, and if we or our livestockEx 12:38 drink any of your water, we will pay for it.Dt 2:6, 28 We only want to pass through on foot—nothing else.”

20 Again they answered:

“You may not pass through.S ver 17, 18

Then Edomver 14 came out against them with a large and powerful army.21 Since Edom refused to let them go through their territory,Nu 21:23 Israel turned away from them.Nu 21:4; Dt 2:8; Jdg 11:18

The Death of Aaron

22 The whole Israelite community set out from KadeshDt 1:46 and came to Mount Hor.Nu 33:37; 34:7; Dt 32:5023 At Mount Hor, near the border of Edom,S ver 16 the Lord said to Moses and Aaron,24 “Aaron will be gathered to his people.S Ge 25:8 He will not enter the land I give the Israelites, because both of you rebelled against my commandS ver 10 at the waters of Meribah.S Ex 17:725 Get Aaron and his son Eleazar and take them up Mount Hor.Nu 33:3826 Remove Aaron’s garmentsEx 28:1-4; 40:13; S Lev 16:4 and put them on his son Eleazar, for Aaron will be gathered to his people;ver 24; Nu 27:13; 31:2 he will die there.”

27 Moses did as the Lord commanded: They went up Mount HorNu 33:38 in the sight of the whole community.28 Moses removed Aaron’s garments and put them on his son Eleazar.S Ex 29:29 And Aaron died therever 26; Nu 33:38; Dt 10:6; 32:50 on top of the mountain. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain,29 and when the whole community learned that Aaron had died,Dt 32:50 all the Israelites mourned for himS Ge 27:41; S Lev 10:6; S Dt 34:8 thirty days.

The Water of Purification

19 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron,“Here is another legal requirement commanded by the Lord: Tell the people of Israel to bring you a red heifer, a perfect animal that has no defects and has never been yoked to a plow.Give it to Eleazar the priest, and it will be taken outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.Eleazar will take some of its blood on his finger and sprinkle it seven times toward the front of the Tabernacle.Hebrew the Tent of Meeting.As Eleazar watches, the heifer must be burned—its hide, meat, blood, and dung.Eleazar the priest must then take a stick of cedar,Or juniper. a hyssop branch, and some scarlet yarn and throw them into the fire where the heifer is burning.

“Then the priest must wash his clothes and bathe himself in water. Afterward he may return to the camp, though he will remain ceremonially unclean until evening.The man who burns the animal must also wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and he, too, will remain unclean until evening.Then someone who is ceremonially clean will gather up the ashes of the heifer and deposit them in a purified place outside the camp. They will be kept there for the community of Israel to use in the water for the purification ceremony. This ceremony is performed for the removal of sin.10 The man who gathers up the ashes of the heifer must also wash his clothes, and he will remain ceremonially unclean until evening. This is a permanent law for the people of Israel and any foreigners who live among them.

11 “All those who touch a dead human body will be ceremonially unclean for seven days.12 They must purify themselves on the third and seventh days with the water of purification; then they will be purified. But if they do not do this on the third and seventh days, they will continue to be unclean even after the seventh day.13 All those who touch a dead body and do not purify themselves in the proper way defile the Lord’s Tabernacle, and they will be cut off from the community of Israel. Since the water of purification was not sprinkled on them, their defilement continues.

14 “This is the ritual law that applies when someone dies inside a tent: All those who enter that tent and those who were inside when the death occurred will be ceremonially unclean for seven days.15 Any open container in the tent that was not covered with a lid is also defiled.16 And if someone in an open field touches the corpse of someone who was killed with a sword or who died a natural death, or if someone touches a human bone or a grave, that person will be defiled for seven days.

17 “To remove the defilement, put some of the ashes from the burnt purification offering in a jar, and pour fresh water over them.18 Then someone who is ceremonially clean must take a hyssop branch and dip it into the water. That person must sprinkle the water on the tent, on all the furnishings in the tent, and on the people who were in the tent; also on the person who touched a human bone, or touched someone who was killed or who died naturally, or touched a grave.19 On the third and seventh days the person who is ceremonially clean must sprinkle the water on those who are defiled. Then on the seventh day the people being cleansed must wash their clothes and bathe themselves, and that evening they will be cleansed of their defilement.

20 “But those who become defiled and do not purify themselves will be cut off from the community, for they have defiled the sanctuary of the Lord. Since the water of purification has not been sprinkled on them, they remain defiled.21 This is a permanent law for the people. Those who sprinkle the water of purification must afterward wash their clothes, and anyone who then touches the water used for purification will remain defiled until evening.22 Anything and anyone that a defiled person touches will be ceremonially unclean until evening.”

Moses Strikes the Rock

20 In the first month of the year,The first month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar usually occurs within the months of March and April. The number of years since leaving Egypt is not specified. the whole community of Israel arrived in the wilderness of Zin and camped at Kadesh. While they were there, Miriam died and was buried.

There was no water for the people to drink at that place, so they rebelled against Moses and Aaron.The people blamed Moses and said, “If only we had died in the Lord’s presence with our brothers!Why have you brought the congregation of the Lord’s people into this wilderness to die, along with all our livestock?Why did you make us leave Egypt and bring us here to this terrible place? This land has no grain, no figs, no grapes, no pomegranates, and no water to drink!”

Moses and Aaron turned away from the people and went to the entrance of the Tabernacle,Hebrew the Tent of Meeting. where they fell face down on the ground. Then the glorious presence of the Lord appeared to them,and the Lord said to Moses,“You and Aaron must take the staff and assemble the entire community. As the people watch, speak to the rock over there, and it will pour out its water. You will provide enough water from the rock to satisfy the whole community and their livestock.”

So Moses did as he was told. He took the staff from the place where it was kept before the Lord.10 Then he and Aaron summoned the people to come and gather at the rock. “Listen, you rebels!” he shouted. “Must we bring you water from this rock?”11 Then Moses raised his hand and struck the rock twice with the staff, and water gushed out. So the entire community and their livestock drank their fill.

12 But the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not trust me enough to demonstrate my holiness to the people of Israel, you will not lead them into the land I am giving them!”13 This place was known as the waters of Meribah (which means “arguing”) because there the people of Israel argued with the Lord, and there he demonstrated his holiness among them.

Edom Refuses Israel Passage

14 While Moses was at Kadesh, he sent ambassadors to the king of Edom with this message:

“This is what your relatives, the people of Israel, say: You know all the hardships we have been through.15 Our ancestors went down to Egypt, and we lived there a long time, and we and our ancestors were brutally mistreated by the Egyptians.16 But when we cried out to the Lord, he heard us and sent an angel who brought us out of Egypt. Now we are camped at Kadesh, a town on the border of your land.17 Please let us travel through your land. We will be careful not to go through your fields and vineyards. We won’t even drink water from your wells. We will stay on the king’s road and never leave it until we have passed through your territory.”

18 But the king of Edom said, “Stay out of my land, or I will meet you with an army!”

19 The Israelites answered, “We will stay on the main road. If our livestock drink your water, we will pay for it. Just let us pass through your country. That’s all we ask.”

20 But the king of Edom replied, “Stay out! You may not pass through our land.” With that he mobilized his army and marched out against them with an imposing force.21 Because Edom refused to allow Israel to pass through their country, Israel was forced to turn around.

The Death of Aaron

22 The whole community of Israel left Kadesh and arrived at Mount Hor.23 There, on the border of the land of Edom, the Lord said to Moses and Aaron,24 “The time has come for Aaron to join his ancestors in death. He will not enter the land I am giving the people of Israel, because the two of you rebelled against my instructions concerning the water at Meribah.25 Now take Aaron and his son Eleazar up Mount Hor.26 There you will remove Aaron’s priestly garments and put them on Eleazar, his son. Aaron will die there and join his ancestors.”

27 So Moses did as the Lord commanded. The three of them went up Mount Hor together as the whole community watched.28 At the summit, Moses removed the priestly garments from Aaron and put them on Eleazar, Aaron’s son. Then Aaron died there on top of the mountain, and Moses and Eleazar went back down.29 When the people realized that Aaron had died, all Israel mourned for him thirty days.

19 And the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,

This is the ordinance of the law which the Lord hath commanded, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring thee a red heifer without spot, wherein is no blemish, and upon which never came yoke:

And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

And Eleazar the priest shall take of her blood with his finger, and sprinkle of her blood directly before the tabernacle of the congregation seven times:

And one shall burn the heifer in his sight; her skin, and her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall he burn:

And the priest shall take cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the midst of the burning of the heifer.

Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp, and the priest shall be unclean until the even.

And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the even.

And a man that is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and lay them up without the camp in a clean place, and it shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Israel for a water of separation: it is a purification for sin.

10 And he that gathereth the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: and it shall be unto the children of Israel, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among them, for a statute for ever.

11 He that toucheth the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven days.

12 He shall purify himself with it on the third day, and on the seventh day he shall be clean: but if he purify not himself the third day, then the seventh day he shall not be clean.

13 Whosoever toucheth the dead body of any man that is dead, and purifieth not himself, defileth the tabernacle of the Lord; and that soul shall be cut off from Israel: because the water of separation was not sprinkled upon him, he shall be unclean; his uncleanness is yet upon him.

14 This is the law, when a man dieth in a tent: all that come into the tent, and all that is in the tent, shall be unclean seven days.

15 And every open vessel, which hath no covering bound upon it, is unclean.

16 And whosoever toucheth one that is slain with a sword in the open fields, or a dead body, or a bone of a man, or a grave, shall be unclean seven days.

17 And for an unclean person they shall take of the ashes of the burnt heifer of purification for sin, and running water shall be put thereto in a vessel:

18 And a clean person shall take hyssop, and dip it in the water, and sprinkle it upon the tent, and upon all the vessels, and upon the persons that were there, and upon him that touched a bone, or one slain, or one dead, or a grave:

19 And the clean person shall sprinkle upon the unclean on the third day, and on the seventh day: and on the seventh day he shall purify himself, and wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and shall be clean at even.

20 But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off from among the congregation, because he hath defiled the sanctuary of the Lord: the water of separation hath not been sprinkled upon him; he is unclean.

21 And it shall be a perpetual statute unto them, that he that sprinkleth the water of separation shall wash his clothes; and he that toucheth the water of separation shall be unclean until even.

22 And whatsoever the unclean person toucheth shall be unclean; and the soul that toucheth it shall be unclean until even.

20 Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.

And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron.

And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the Lord!

And why have ye brought up the congregation of the Lord into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there?

And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.

And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the Lord appeared unto them.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.

And Moses took the rod from before the Lord, as he commanded him.

10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?

11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.

12 And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.

13 This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the Lord, and he was sanctified in them.

14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us:

15 How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers:

16 And when we cried unto the Lord, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and hath brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of thy border:

17 Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells: we will go by the king's high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders.

18 And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.

19 And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without doing anything else, go through on my feet.

20 And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

21 Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him.

22 And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor.

23 And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,

24 Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah.

25 Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor:

26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son: and Aaron shall be gathered unto his people, and shall die there.

27 And Moses did as the Lord commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation.

28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount.

29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel.

Luke 1:1-25

Introduction1:1-4Ref — Ac 1:1

Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilledOr been surely believed among us,just as they were handed down to us by those who from the firstMk 1:1; Jn 15:27; Ac 1:21, 22 were eyewitnessesHeb 2:3; 1Pe 5:1; 2Pe 1:16; 1Jn 1:1 and servants of the word.S Mk 4:14With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly accountAc 11:4 for you, most excellentAc 24:3; 26:25 Theophilus,Ac 1:1so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.Jn 20:31; Ac 2:42

The Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

In the time of Herod king of JudeaMt 2:1 there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah;1Ch 24:10 his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron.Both of them were righteous in the sight of God, observing all the Lord’s commands and decrees blamelessly.Ge 6:9; Dt 5:33; 1Ki 9:4; Lk 2:25But they were childless because Elizabeth was not able to conceive, and they were both very old.

Once when Zechariah’s division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God,1Ch 24:19; 2Ch 8:14he was chosen by lot,Ac 1:26 according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of the Lord and burn incense.Ex 30:7, 8; 1Ch 23:13; 2Ch 29:11; Ps 141:210 And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside.Lev 16:17

11 Then an angelS Ac 5:19 of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense.Ex 30:1-1012 When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear.Jdg 6:22, 23; 13:2213 But the angel said to him: “Do not be afraid,ver 30; S Mt 14:27 Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to call him John.ver 60, 63; S Mt 3:114 He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth,ver 5815 for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink,Nu 6:3; Lev 10:9; Jdg 13:4; Lk 7:33 and he will be filled with the Holy Spiritver 41, 67; Ac 2:4; 4:8, 31; 6:3, 5; 9:17; 11:24; Eph 5:18; S Ac 10:44 even before he is born.Jer 1:5; Gal 1:1516 He will bring back many of the people of Israel to the Lord their God.17 And he will go on before the Lord,ver 76 in the spirit and power of Elijah,S Mt 11:14 to turn the hearts of the parents to their childrenMal 4:5, 6 and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous—to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”S Mt 3:3

18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this?Ge 15:8 I am an old man and my wife is well along in years.”ver 34; Ge 17:17

19 The angel said to him, “I am Gabriel.ver 26; Da 8:16; 9:21 I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news.20 And now you will be silent and not able to speakEx 4:11; Eze 3:26 until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their appointed time.”

21 Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple.22 When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realized he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signsver 62 to them but remained unable to speak.

23 When his time of service was completed, he returned home.24 After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion.25 “The Lord has done this for me,” she said. “In these days he has shown his favor and taken away my disgraceGe 30:23; Isa 4:1 among the people.”

Introduction

Many people have set out to write accounts about the events that have been fulfilled among us.They used the eyewitness reports circulating among us from the early disciples.Greek from those who from the beginning were servants of the word.Having carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I also have decided to write an accurate account for you, most honorable Theophilus,so you can be certain of the truth of everything you were taught.

The Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

When Herod was king of Judea, there was a Jewish priest named Zechariah. He was a member of the priestly order of Abijah, and his wife, Elizabeth, was also from the priestly line of Aaron.Zechariah and Elizabeth were righteous in God’s eyes, careful to obey all of the Lord’s commandments and regulations.They had no children because Elizabeth was unable to conceive, and they were both very old.

One day Zechariah was serving God in the Temple, for his order was on duty that week.As was the custom of the priests, he was chosen by lot to enter the sanctuary of the Lord and burn incense.10 While the incense was being burned, a great crowd stood outside, praying.

11 While Zechariah was in the sanctuary, an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the incense altar.12 Zechariah was shaken and overwhelmed with fear when he saw him.13 But the angel said, “Don’t be afraid, Zechariah! God has heard your prayer. Your wife, Elizabeth, will give you a son, and you are to name him John.14 You will have great joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth,15 for he will be great in the eyes of the Lord. He must never touch wine or other alcoholic drinks. He will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even before his birth.Or even from birth.16 And he will turn many Israelites to the Lord their God.17 He will be a man with the spirit and power of Elijah. He will prepare the people for the coming of the Lord. He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children,See Mal 4:5-6. and he will cause those who are rebellious to accept the wisdom of the godly.”

18 Zechariah said to the angel, “How can I be sure this will happen? I’m an old man now, and my wife is also well along in years.”

19 Then the angel said, “I am Gabriel! I stand in the very presence of God. It was he who sent me to bring you this good news!20 But now, since you didn’t believe what I said, you will be silent and unable to speak until the child is born. For my words will certainly be fulfilled at the proper time.”

21 Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah to come out of the sanctuary, wondering why he was taking so long.22 When he finally did come out, he couldn’t speak to them. Then they realized from his gestures and his silence that he must have seen a vision in the sanctuary.

23 When Zechariah’s week of service in the Temple was over, he returned home.24 Soon afterward his wife, Elizabeth, became pregnant and went into seclusion for five months.25 “How kind the Lord is!” she exclaimed. “He has taken away my disgrace of having no children.”

Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,

Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word;

It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus,

That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed.

There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.

And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.

And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years.

And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest's office before God in the order of his course,

According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord.

10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.

11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.

12 And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.

13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John.

14 And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.

15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb.

16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.

17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

18 And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.

19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings.

20 And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.

21 And the people waited for Zacharias, and marvelled that he tarried so long in the temple.

22 And when he came out, he could not speak unto them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he beckoned unto them, and remained speechless.

23 And it came to pass, that, as soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished, he departed to his own house.

24 And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying,

25 Thus hath the Lord dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on me, to take away my reproach among men.

Psalm 56:1-13

Psalm 56In Hebrew texts 56:1-13 is numbered 56:2-14.

For the director of music. To the tune of “A Dove on Distant Oaks.” Of David. A miktam.Title: Probably a literary or musical term When the Philistines had seized him in Gath.

Be merciful to me,Ps 6:2 my God,

for my enemies are in hot pursuit;Ps 57:1-3

all day long they press their attack.Ps 17:9

My adversaries pursue me all day long;Ps 35:25; 124:3

in their pride many are attacking me.Ps 35:1

When I am afraid,Ps 55:4-5 I put my trust in you.S Ps 55:23

In God, whose word I praise—ver 10

in God I trust and am not afraid.S Ps 27:1

What can mere mortals do to me?Ps 118:6; Mt 10:28; Heb 13:6

All day long they twist my words;Ps 41:7; 2Pe 3:16

all their schemes are for my ruin.

They conspire,Ps 59:3; 94:21; Mk 3:6 they lurk,

they watch my steps,Ps 17:11

hoping to take my life.Ps 71:10

Because of their wickedness do notProbable reading of the original Hebrew text; Masoretic Text does not have do not. let them escape;Pr 19:5; Eze 17:15; Ro 2:3; Heb 12:25

in your anger, God, bring the nations down.Ps 36:12; 55:23

Record my misery;

list my tears on your scrollOr misery; / put my tears in your wineskinS 2Ki 20:5

are they not in your record?Isa 4:3; Da 7:10; 12:1; Mal 3:16

Then my enemies will turn backPs 9:3

when I call for help.Ps 102:2

By this I will know that God is for me.S Nu 14:8; S Dt 31:6; Ro 8:31

10 In God, whose word I praise,

in the Lord, whose word I praise—

11 in God I trust and am not afraid.

What can man do to me?

12 I am under vowsPs 50:14 to you, my God;

I will present my thank offerings to you.

13 For you have delivered me from deathPs 30:3; 33:19; 49:15; 86:13; 107:20; 116:8

and my feet from stumbling,

that I may walk before God

in the light of life.S Job 33:30

Psalm 56

For the choir director: A psalmHebrew miktam. This may be a literary or musical term. of David, regarding the time the Philistines seized him in Gath. To be sung to the tune “Dove on Distant Oaks.”

O God, have mercy on me,

for people are hounding me.

My foes attack me all day long.

I am constantly hounded by those who slander me,

and many are boldly attacking me.

But when I am afraid,

I will put my trust in you.

I praise God for what he has promised.

I trust in God, so why should I be afraid?

What can mere mortals do to me?

They are always twisting what I say;

they spend their days plotting to harm me.

They come together to spy on me—

watching my every step, eager to kill me.

Don’t let them get away with their wickedness;

in your anger, O God, bring them down.

You keep track of all my sorrows.Or my wanderings.

You have collected all my tears in your bottle.

You have recorded each one in your book.

My enemies will retreat when I call to you for help.

This I know: God is on my side!

10 I praise God for what he has promised;

yes, I praise the Lord for what he has promised.

11 I trust in God, so why should I be afraid?

What can mere mortals do to me?

12 I will fulfill my vows to you, O God,

and will offer a sacrifice of thanks for your help.

13 For you have rescued me from death;

you have kept my feet from slipping.

So now I can walk in your presence, O God,

in your life-giving light.

56 Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me.

Mine enemies would daily swallow me up: for they be many that fight against me, O thou most High.

What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee.

In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me.

Every day they wrest my words: all their thoughts are against me for evil.

They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark my steps, when they wait for my soul.

Shall they escape by iniquity? in thine anger cast down the people, O God.

Thou tellest my wanderings: put thou my tears into thy bottle: are they not in thy book?

When I cry unto thee, then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know; for God is for me.

10 In God will I praise his word: in the Lord will I praise his word.

11 In God have I put my trust: I will not be afraid what man can do unto me.

12 Thy vows are upon me, O God: I will render praises unto thee.

13 For thou hast delivered my soul from death: wilt not thou deliver my feet from falling, that I may walk before God in the light of the living?

Proverbs 11:8

The righteous person is rescued from trouble,

and it falls on the wicked instead.Pr 21:18

The godly are rescued from trouble,

and it falls on the wicked instead.

The righteous is delivered out of trouble, and the wicked cometh in his stead.

Mar 12 Mar 14
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