Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Jesus spent His first forty days after baptism in the wilderness east of Jerusalem. Far from the distractions of life, He passed through the fires of temptation and learned total dependence upon God.

Moses said to Israel, "Anything made of gold, silver, bronze, iron, tin, or lead-that is, metals that do not burn-must be passed through fire in order to be made ceremonially pure" (Numbers 31:22-23). Nothing is acceptable to God unless it has been passed through the fire. Temptation proves the quality of your "metal." Though Jesus was severely tempted three times by the devil, He came forth as purest gold.

While Jesus was passing through the temptation, a second dynamic was taking place in His life: He was drawing into close communion with the Father. His soul and His body, though fasting, were satisfied with "more than the richest of foods" (Psalm 63:5) as He learned to cling to God (v. 8) in close communion.

These two lessons are our greatest challenges: "Resist the Devil" and "draw close to God" (James 4:7-8). Are you ready for the lessons of the wilderness?

Numbers 30:1-31:54

Vows

30 In Hebrew texts 30:1-16 is numbered 30:2-17.Moses said to the heads of the tribes of Israel:S Nu 1:4 “This is what the Lord commands:When a man makes a vow to the Lord or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said.Dt 23:21-23; Jdg 11:35; Job 22:27; Ps 22:25; 50:14; 61:5, 8; 76:11; 116:14; Pr 20:25; Ecc 5:4, 5; Isa 19:21; Jnh 1:16; 2:9

“When a young woman still living in her father’s household makes a vow to the Lord or obligates herself by a pledgeand her father hears about her vow or pledge but says nothing to her, then all her vows and every pledge by which she obligated herself will stand.ver 7But if her father forbids herver 8, 12, 15 when he hears about it, none of her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand; the Lord will release her because her father has forbidden her.

“If she marries after she makes a vowS Lev 5:4 or after her lips utter a rash promise by which she obligates herselfand her husband hears about it but says nothing to her, then her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand.But if her husbandS Ge 3:16 forbids her when he hears about it, he nullifies the vow that obligates her or the rash promise by which she obligates herself, and the Lord will release her.ver 5

“Any vow or obligation taken by a widow or divorced woman will be binding on her.

10 “If a woman living with her husband makes a vow or obligates herself by a pledge under oath11 and her husband hears about it but says nothing to her and does not forbid her, then all her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand.12 But if her husband nullifies them when he hears about them, then none of the vows or pledges that came from her lips will stand.Eph 5:22; Col 3:18 Her husband has nullified them, and the Lord will release her.13 Her husband may confirm or nullify any vow she makes or any sworn pledge to deny herself.Or to fast14 But if her husband says nothing to her about it from day to day, then he confirms all her vows or the pledges binding on her. He confirms them by saying nothing to her when he hears about them.15 If, however, he nullifies themS ver 5 some time after he hears about them, then he must bear the consequences of her wrongdoing.”

16 These are the regulations the Lord gave Moses concerning relationships between a man and his wife, and between a father and his young daughter still living at home.

Vengeance on the Midianites

31 The Lord said to Moses,“Take vengeance on the MidianitesS Ge 25:2 for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people.S Nu 20:26

So Moses said to the people, “Arm some of your men to go to war against the Midianites so that they may carry out the Lord’s vengeanceJdg 11:36; 1Sa 24:12; 2Sa 4:8; 22:48; Ps 94:1; 149:7; Isa 34:8; Jer 11:20; 46:10; Eze 25:17 on them.Send into battle a thousand men from each of the tribes of Israel.”So twelve thousand men armed for battle,ver 6, 21 a thousand from each tribe, were supplied from the clans of Israel.Moses sent them into battle,S ver 5 a thousand from each tribe, along with PhinehasS Ex 6:25 son of Eleazar, the priest, who took with him articles from the sanctuaryNu 14:44 and the trumpetsS Nu 10:2 for signaling.

They fought against Midian, as the Lord commanded Moses,Nu 25:16 and killed every man.Dt 20:13; Jdg 21:11; 1Ki 11:15, 16Among their victims were Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur and RebaJos 13:21—the five kings of Midian.S Nu 25:15 They also killed Balaam son of BeorS Nu 22:5; S 24:14 with the sword.Jos 13:22The Israelites captured the Midianite womenver 15 and children and took all the Midianite herds, flocks and goods as plunder.S Ge 34:2910 They burnedJos 6:24; 8:28; 11:11; Jdg 18:27 all the towns where the Midianites had settled, as well as all their camps.Ge 25:16; 1Ch 6:54; Ps 69:25; Eze 25:411 They took all the plunder and spoils, including the people and animals,ver 26; Dt 20:14; 2Ch 28:812 and brought the captives, spoilsver 32, 53; Ge 49:27; Ex 15:9 and plunder to Moses and Eleazar the priest and the Israelite assemblyS Nu 27:2 at their camp on the plains of Moab, by the Jordan across from Jericho.Nu 22:1

13 Moses, Eleazar the priest and all the leaders of the community went to meet them outside the camp.14 Moses was angry with the officers of the armyver 48; Ex 18:21; Dt 1:15; 2Sa 18:1—the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds—who returned from the battle.

15 “Have you allowed all the women to live?” he asked them.16 “They were the ones who followed Balaam’s adviceS Nu 22:5; S 24:14; S 2Pe 2:15 and enticed the Israelites to be unfaithful to the Lord in the Peor incident,S Nu 23:28; 25:1-9 so that a plagueS Nu 14:37 struck the Lord’s people.17 Now kill all the boys. And kill every woman who has slept with a man,Dt 7:2; 20:16-18; Jdg 21:1118 but save for yourselves every girl who has never slept with a man.

19 “Anyone who has killed someone or touched someone who was killedNu 19:16 must stay outside the camp seven days.S Lev 21:1 On the third and seventh days you must purify yourselvesNu 19:12 and your captives.20 Purify every garmentNu 19:19 as well as everything made of leather, goat hair or wood.S Lev 11:32

21 Then Eleazar the priest said to the soldiers who had gone into battle,S ver 5 “This is what is required by the law that the Lord gave Moses:22 Gold, silver, bronze, iron,Jos 6:19; 22:8 tin, lead23 and anything else that can withstand fire must be put through the fire,S 1Co 3:13 and then it will be clean. But it must also be purified with the water of cleansing.S Nu 8:7 And whatever cannot withstand fire must be put through that water.24 On the seventh day wash your clothes and you will be clean.S Lev 11:25 Then you may come into the camp.S Lev 14:8

Dividing the Spoils

25 The Lord said to Moses,26 “You and Eleazar the priest and the family headsS Nu 1:4 of the community are to count all the peopleS Nu 1:19 and animals that were captured.S ver 11, 1227 DivideJos 22:8; 1Sa 25:13; 30:24 the spoils equally between the soldiers who took part in the battle and the rest of the community.28 From the soldiers who fought in the battle, set apart as tribute for the Lordver 37-41; S Nu 18:21 one out of every five hundred, whether people, cattle, donkeys or sheep.29 Take this tribute from their half share and give it to Eleazar the priest as the Lord’s part.30 From the Israelites’ half, select one out of every fifty, whether people, cattle, donkeys, sheep or other animals. Give them to the Levites, who are responsible for the care of the Lord’s tabernacle.Nu 3:7; 18:331 So Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the Lord commanded Moses.

32 The plunder remaining from the spoilsS ver 12 that the soldiers took was 675,000 sheep,33 72,000 cattle,34 61,000 donkeys35 and 32,000 women who had never slept with a man.

36 The half share of those who fought in the battle was:

337,500 sheep,37 of which the tribute for the Lordver 38-41 was 675;

38 36,000 cattle, of which the tribute for the Lord was 72;

39 30,500 donkeys, of which the tribute for the Lord was 61;

40 16,000 people, of whom the tribute for the Lord was 32.

41 Moses gave the tribute to Eleazar the priest as the Lord’s part,Nu 5:9; 18:8 as the Lord commanded Moses.ver 21, 28

42 The half belonging to the Israelites, which Moses set apart from that of the fighting men—43 the community’s half—was 337,500 sheep,44 36,000 cattle,45 30,500 donkeys46 and 16,000 people.47 From the Israelites’ half, Moses selected one out of every fifty people and animals, as the Lord commanded him, and gave them to the Levites, who were responsible for the care of the Lord’s tabernacle.

48 Then the officersS ver 14 who were over the units of the army—the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds—went to Moses49 and said to him, “Your servants have countedS Nu 1:19 the soldiers under our command, and not one is missing.Jer 23:450 So we have brought as an offering to the Lord the gold articles each of us acquired—armlets, bracelets, signet rings, earrings and necklaces—to make atonement for ourselvesS Ex 30:16 before the Lord.”

51 Moses and Eleazar the priest accepted from them the gold—all the crafted articles.52 All the gold from the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds that Moses and Eleazar presented as a gift to the Lord weighed 16,750 shekels.That is, about 420 pounds or about 190 kilograms53 Each soldier had taken plunderS Ge 34:29; Dt 20:14 for himself.54 Moses and Eleazar the priest accepted the gold from the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds and brought it into the tent of meetingS Ex 27:21; 40:2 as a memorialS Ex 28:12 for the Israelites before the Lord.

Laws concerning Vows

30 Verses 30:1-16 are numbered 30:2-17 in Hebrew text.Then Moses summoned the leaders of the tribes of Israel and told them, “This is what the Lord has commanded:A man who makes a vow to the Lord or makes a pledge under oath must never break it. He must do exactly what he said he would do.

“If a young woman makes a vow to the Lord or a pledge under oath while she is still living at her father’s home,and her father hears of the vow or pledge and does not object to it, then all her vows and pledges will stand.But if her father refuses to let her fulfill the vow or pledge on the day he hears of it, then all her vows and pledges will become invalid. The Lord will forgive her because her father would not let her fulfill them.

“Now suppose a young woman makes a vow or binds herself with an impulsive pledge and later marries.If her husband learns of her vow or pledge and does not object on the day he hears of it, her vows and pledges will stand.But if her husband refuses to accept her vow or impulsive pledge on the day he hears of it, he nullifies her commitments, and the Lord will forgive her.If, however, a woman is a widow or is divorced, she must fulfill all her vows and pledges.

10 “But suppose a woman is married and living in her husband’s home when she makes a vow or binds herself with a pledge.11 If her husband hears of it and does not object to it, her vow or pledge will stand.12 But if her husband refuses to accept it on the day he hears of it, her vow or pledge will be nullified, and the Lord will forgive her.13 So her husband may either confirm or nullify any vows or pledges she makes to deny herself.14 But if he does not object on the day he hears of it, then he is agreeing to all her vows and pledges.15 If he waits more than a day and then tries to nullify a vow or pledge, he will be punished for her guilt.”

16 These are the regulations the Lord gave Moses concerning relationships between a man and his wife, and between a father and a young daughter who still lives at home.

Conquest of the Midianites

31 Then the Lord said to Moses,“On behalf of the people of Israel, take revenge on the Midianites for leading them into idolatry. After that, you will die and join your ancestors.”

So Moses said to the people, “Choose some men, and arm them to fight the Lord’s war of revenge against Midian.From each tribe of Israel, send 1,000 men into battle.”So they chose 1,000 men from each tribe of Israel, a total of 12,000 men armed for battle.Then Moses sent them out, 1,000 men from each tribe, and Phinehas son of Eleazar the priest led them into battle. They carried along the holy objects of the sanctuary and the trumpets for sounding the charge.They attacked Midian as the Lord had commanded Moses, and they killed all the men.All five of the Midianite kings—Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba—died in the battle. They also killed Balaam son of Beor with the sword.

Then the Israelite army captured the Midianite women and children and seized their cattle and flocks and all their wealth as plunder.10 They burned all the towns and villages where the Midianites had lived.11 After they had gathered the plunder and captives, both people and animals,12 they brought them all to Moses and Eleazar the priest, and to the whole community of Israel, which was camped on the plains of Moab beside the Jordan River, across from Jericho.13 Moses, Eleazar the priest, and all the leaders of the community went to meet them outside the camp.14 But Moses was furious with all the generals and captainsHebrew the commanders of thousands, and the commanders of hundreds; also in 31:48, 52, 54. who had returned from the battle.

15 “Why have you let all the women live?” he demanded.16 “These are the very ones who followed Balaam’s advice and caused the people of Israel to rebel against the Lord at Mount Peor. They are the ones who caused the plague to strike the Lord’s people.17 So kill all the boys and all the women who have had intercourse with a man.18 Only the young girls who are virgins may live; you may keep them for yourselves.19 And all of you who have killed anyone or touched a dead body must stay outside the camp for seven days. You must purify yourselves and your captives on the third and seventh days.20 Purify all your clothing, too, and everything made of leather, goat hair, or wood.”

21 Then Eleazar the priest said to the men who were in the battle, “The Lord has given Moses this legal requirement:22 Anything made of gold, silver, bronze, iron, tin, or lead—23 that is, all metals that do not burn—must be passed through fire in order to be made ceremonially pure. These metal objects must then be further purified with the water of purification. But everything that burns must be purified by the water alone.24 On the seventh day you must wash your clothes and be purified. Then you may return to the camp.”

Division of the Plunder

25 And the Lord said to Moses,26 “You and Eleazar the priest and the family leaders of each tribe are to make a list of all the plunder taken in the battle, including the people and animals.27 Then divide the plunder into two parts, and give half to the men who fought the battle and half to the rest of the people.28 From the army’s portion, first give the Lord his share of the plunder—one of every 500 of the prisoners and of the cattle, donkeys, sheep, and goats.29 Give this share of the army’s half to Eleazar the priest as an offering to the Lord.30 From the half that belongs to the people of Israel, take one of every fifty of the prisoners and of the cattle, donkeys, sheep, goats, and other animals. Give this share to the Levites, who are in charge of maintaining the Lord’s Tabernacle.”31 So Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the Lord commanded Moses.

32 The plunder remaining from everything the fighting men had taken totaled 675,000 sheep and goats,33 72,000 cattle,34 61,000 donkeys,35 and 32,000 virgin girls.

36 Half of the plunder was given to the fighting men. It totaled 337,500 sheep and goats,37 of which 675 were the Lord’s share;38 36,000 cattle, of which 72 were the Lord’s share;39 30,500 donkeys, of which 61 were the Lord’s share;40 and 16,000 virgin girls, of whom 32 were the Lord’s share.41 Moses gave all the Lord’s share to Eleazar the priest, just as the Lord had directed him.

42 Half of the plunder belonged to the people of Israel, and Moses separated it from the half belonging to the fighting men.43 It totaled 337,500 sheep and goats,44 36,000 cattle,45 30,500 donkeys,46 and 16,000 virgin girls.47 From the half-share given to the people, Moses took one of every fifty prisoners and animals and gave them to the Levites, who maintained the Lord’s Tabernacle. All this was done as the Lord had commanded Moses.

48 Then all the generals and captains came to Moses49 and said, “We, your servants, have accounted for all the men who went out to battle under our command; not one of us is missing!50 So we are presenting the items of gold we captured as an offering to the Lord from our share of the plunder—armbands, bracelets, rings, earrings, and necklaces. This will purify our lives before the Lord and make us right with him.Or will make atonement for our lives before the Lord.

51 So Moses and Eleazar the priest received the gold from all the military commanders—all kinds of jewelry and crafted objects.52 In all, the gold that the generals and captains presented as a gift to the Lord weighed about 420 pounds.Hebrew 16,750 shekels [191 kilograms].53 All the fighting men had taken some of the plunder for themselves.54 So Moses and Eleazar the priest accepted the gifts from the generals and captains and brought the gold to the TabernacleHebrew the Tent of Meeting. as a reminder to the Lord that the people of Israel belong to him.

30 And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded.

If a man vow a vow unto the Lord, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

If a woman also vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father's house in her youth;

And her father hear her vow, and her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father shall hold his peace at her; then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.

But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the Lord shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her.

And if she had at all an husband, when she vowed, or uttered ought out of her lips, wherewith she bound her soul;

And her husband heard it, and held his peace at her in the day that he heard it: then her vows shall stand, and her bonds wherewith she bound her soul shall stand.

But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard it; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her soul, of none effect: and the Lord shall forgive her.

But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.

10 And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;

11 And her husband heard it, and held his peace at her, and disallowed her not: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she bound her soul shall stand.

12 But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day he heard them; then whatsoever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the Lord shall forgive her.

13 Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

14 But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from day to day; then he establisheth all her vows, or all her bonds, which are upon her: he confirmeth them, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard them.

15 But if he shall any ways make them void after that he hath heard them; then he shall bear her iniquity.

16 These are the statutes, which the Lord commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, between the father and his daughter, being yet in her youth in her father's house.

31 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.

And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the Lord of Midian.

Of every tribe a thousand, throughout all the tribes of Israel, shall ye send to the war.

So there were delivered out of the thousands of Israel, a thousand of every tribe, twelve thousand armed for war.

And Moses sent them to the war, a thousand of every tribe, them and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war, with the holy instruments, and the trumpets to blow in his hand.

And they warred against the Midianites, as the Lord commanded Moses; and they slew all the males.

And they slew the kings of Midian, beside the rest of them that were slain; namely, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.

And the children of Israel took all the women of Midian captives, and their little ones, and took the spoil of all their cattle, and all their flocks, and all their goods.

10 And they burnt all their cities wherein they dwelt, and all their goodly castles, with fire.

11 And they took all the spoil, and all the prey, both of men and of beasts.

12 And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab, which are by Jordan near Jericho.

13 And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp.

14 And Moses was wroth with the officers of the host, with the captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, which came from the battle.

15 And Moses said unto them, Have ye saved all the women alive?

16 Behold, these caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against the Lord in the matter of Peor, and there was a plague among the congregation of the Lord.

17 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.

18 But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.

19 And do ye abide without the camp seven days: whosoever hath killed any person, and whosoever hath touched any slain, purify both yourselves and your captives on the third day, and on the seventh day.

20 And purify all your raiment, and all that is made of skins, and all work of goats' hair, and all things made of wood.

21 And Eleazar the priest said unto the men of war which went to the battle, This is the ordinance of the law which the Lord commanded Moses;

22 Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead,

23 Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make it go through the fire, and it shall be clean: nevertheless it shall be purified with the water of separation: and all that abideth not the fire ye shall make go through the water.

24 And ye shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and ye shall be clean, and afterward ye shall come into the camp.

25 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

26 Take the sum of the prey that was taken, both of man and of beast, thou, and Eleazar the priest, and the chief fathers of the congregation:

27 And divide the prey into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation:

28 And levy a tribute unto the Lord of the men of war which went out to battle: one soul of five hundred, both of the persons, and of the beeves, and of the asses, and of the sheep:

29 Take it of their half, and give it unto Eleazar the priest, for an heave offering of the Lord.

30 And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one portion of fifty, of the persons, of the beeves, of the asses, and of the flocks, of all manner of beasts, and give them unto the Levites, which keep the charge of the tabernacle of the Lord.

31 And Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the Lord commanded Moses.

32 And the booty, being the rest of the prey which the men of war had caught, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep,

33 And threescore and twelve thousand beeves,

34 And threescore and one thousand asses,

35 And thirty and two thousand persons in all, of women that had not known man by lying with him.

36 And the half, which was the portion of them that went out to war, was in number three hundred thousand and seven and thirty thousand and five hundred sheep:

37 And the Lord'S tribute of the sheep was six hundred and threescore and fifteen.

38 And the beeves were thirty and six thousand; of which the Lord'S tribute was threescore and twelve.

39 And the asses were thirty thousand and five hundred; of which the Lord'S tribute was threescore and one.

40 And the persons were sixteen thousand; of which the Lord'S tribute was thirty and two persons.

41 And Moses gave the tribute, which was the Lord'S heave offering, unto Eleazar the priest, as the Lord commanded Moses.

42 And of the children of Israel's half, which Moses divided from the men that warred,

43 (Now the half that pertained unto the congregation was three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred sheep,

44 And thirty and six thousand beeves,

45 And thirty thousand asses and five hundred,

46 And sixteen thousand persons;)

47 Even of the children of Israel's half, Moses took one portion of fifty, both of man and of beast, and gave them unto the Levites, which kept the charge of the tabernacle of the Lord; as the Lord commanded Moses.

48 And the officers which were over thousands of the host, the captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds, came near unto Moses:

49 And they said unto Moses, Thy servants have taken the sum of the men of war which are under our charge, and there lacketh not one man of us.

50 We have therefore brought an oblation for the Lord, what every man hath gotten, of jewels of gold, chains, and bracelets, rings, earrings, and tablets, to make an atonement for our souls before the Lord.

51 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of them, even all wrought jewels.

52 And all the gold of the offering that they offered up to the Lord, of the captains of thousands, and of the captains of hundreds, was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels.

53 (For the men of war had taken spoil, every man for himself.)

54 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tabernacle of the congregation, for a memorial for the children of Israel before the Lord.

Luke 4:1-30

Jesus Is Tested in the Wilderness4:1-13pp — Mt 4:1-11; Mk 1:12, 13

Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit,ver 14, 18; S Lk 1:15, 35; 3:16, 22; 10:21 left the JordanLk 3:3, 21 and was led by the SpiritEze 37:1; Lk 2:27 into the wilderness,where for forty daysEx 34:28; 1Ki 19:8 he was temptedThe Greek for tempted can also mean tested. by the devil.Heb 4:15 He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry.

The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God,S Mt 4:3 tell this stone to become bread.”

Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.’Deut. 8:3Dt 8:3

The devil led him up to a high place and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world.S Mt 24:14And he said to him, “I will give you all their authority and splendor; it has been given to me,Jn 12:31; 14:30; 1Jn 5:19 and I can give it to anyone I want to.If you worship me, it will all be yours.”

Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.’Deut. 6:13Dt 6:13

The devil led him to Jerusalem and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down from here.10 For it is written:

“‘He will command his angels concerning you

to guard you carefully;

11 they will lift you up in their hands,

so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’Psalm 91:11,12Ps 91:11, 12

12 Jesus answered, “It is said: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’Deut. 6:16Dt 6:16

13 When the devil had finished all this tempting,Heb 4:15 he left himJn 14:30 until an opportune time.

Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

14 Jesus returned to GalileeMt 4:12 in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside.S Mt 9:2615 He was teaching in their synagogues,S Mt 4:23 and everyone praised him.

16 He went to Nazareth,S Mt 2:23 where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue,Mt 13:54 as was his custom. He stood up to read,S 1Ti 4:1317 and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is on me,S Jn 3:34

because he has anointed me

to proclaim good newsMk 16:15 to the poor.

He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners

and recovery of sight for the blind,

to set the oppressed free,

19 to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”Isaiah 61:1,2 (see Septuagint); Isaiah 58:6Lev 25:10; Isa 61:1, 2; Ps 102:20; 103:6; Isa 42:7; 49:8, 9; 58:6

20 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down.ver 17; S Mt 26:55 The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him.21 He began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilledS Mt 1:22 in your hearing.”

22 All spoke well of him and were amazed at the gracious words that came from his lips. “Isn’t this Joseph’s son?” they asked.Mt 13:54, 55; Jn 6:42; 7:15

23 Jesus said to them, “Surely you will quote this proverb to me: ‘Physician, heal yourself!’ And you will tell me, ‘Do here in your hometownver 16; S Mt 2:23 what we have heard that you did in Capernaum.’”Mk 1:21-28; 2:1-12

24 “Truly I tell you,” he continued, “no prophet is accepted in his hometown.Mt 13:57; Jn 4:4425 I assure you that there were many widows in Israel in Elijah’s time, when the sky was shut for three and a half years and there was a severe famine throughout the land.1Ki 17:1; 18:1; Jas 5:17, 18; Rev 11:626 Yet Elijah was not sent to any of them, but to a widow in Zarephath in the region of Sidon.1Ki 17:8-16; S Mt 11:2127 And there were many in Israel with leprosyThe Greek word traditionally translated leprosy was used for various diseases affecting the skin. in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed—only Naaman the Syrian.”2Ki 5:1-14

28 All the people in the synagogue were furious when they heard this.29 They got up, drove him out of the town,Nu 15:35; Ac 7:58; Heb 13:12 and took him to the brow of the hill on which the town was built, in order to throw him off the cliff.30 But he walked right through the crowd and went on his way.Jn 8:59; 10:39

The Temptation of Jesus

Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness,Some manuscripts read into the wilderness.where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry.

Then the devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become a loaf of bread.”

But Jesus told him, “No! The Scriptures say, ‘People do not live by bread alone.’Deut 8:3.

Then the devil took him up and revealed to him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.“I will give you the glory of these kingdoms and authority over them,” the devil said, “because they are mine to give to anyone I please.I will give it all to you if you will worship me.”

Jesus replied, “The Scriptures say,

‘You must worship the Lord your God

and serve only him.’Deut 6:13.

Then the devil took him to Jerusalem, to the highest point of the Temple, and said, “If you are the Son of God, jump off!10 For the Scriptures say,

‘He will order his angels to protect and guard you.

11 And they will hold you up with their hands

so you won’t even hurt your foot on a stone.’Ps 91:11-12.

12 Jesus responded, “The Scriptures also say, ‘You must not test the Lord your God.’Deut 6:16.

13 When the devil had finished tempting Jesus, he left him until the next opportunity came.

Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

14 Then Jesus returned to Galilee, filled with the Holy Spirit’s power. Reports about him spread quickly through the whole region.15 He taught regularly in their synagogues and was praised by everyone.

16 When he came to the village of Nazareth, his boyhood home, he went as usual to the synagogue on the Sabbath and stood up to read the Scriptures.17 The scroll of Isaiah the prophet was handed to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where this was written:

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,

for he has anointed me to bring Good News to the poor.

He has sent me to proclaim that captives will be released,

that the blind will see,

that the oppressed will be set free,

19 and that the time of the Lord’s favor has come.Or and to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. Isa 61:1-2 (Greek version); 58:6.

20 He rolled up the scroll, handed it back to the attendant, and sat down. All eyes in the synagogue looked at him intently.21 Then he began to speak to them. “The Scripture you’ve just heard has been fulfilled this very day!”

22 Everyone spoke well of him and was amazed by the gracious words that came from his lips. “How can this be?” they asked. “Isn’t this Joseph’s son?”

23 Then he said, “You will undoubtedly quote me this proverb: ‘Physician, heal yourself’—meaning, ‘Do miracles here in your hometown like those you did in Capernaum.’24 But I tell you the truth, no prophet is accepted in his own hometown.

25 “Certainly there were many needy widows in Israel in Elijah’s time, when the heavens were closed for three and a half years, and a severe famine devastated the land.26 Yet Elijah was not sent to any of them. He was sent instead to a foreigner—a widow of Zarephath in the land of Sidon.27 And many in Israel had leprosy in the time of the prophet Elisha, but the only one healed was Naaman, a Syrian.”

28 When they heard this, the people in the synagogue were furious.29 Jumping up, they mobbed him and forced him to the edge of the hill on which the town was built. They intended to push him over the cliff,30 but he passed right through the crowd and went on his way.

And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.

And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.

And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.

And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.

If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.

And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence:

10 For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee:

11 And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.

13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?

23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

24 And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.

25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;

26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.

27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,

29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.

30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,

Psalm 63:1-11

Psalm 63In Hebrew texts 63:1-11 is numbered 63:2-12.

A psalm of David. When he was in the Desert of Judah.

You, God, are my God,

earnestly I seek you;

I thirst for you,Ps 42:2; 84:2

my whole being longs for you,

in a dry and parched land

where there is no water.Ps 143:6

I have seen you in the sanctuaryS Ps 15:1; 27:4; 68:24

and beheld your power and your glory.S Ex 16:7

Because your love is better than life,Ps 36:7; 69:16; 106:45; 109:21

my lips will glorify you.

I will praise you as long as I live,Ps 104:33; 146:2; Isa 38:20

and in your name I will lift up my hands.S Ps 28:2; 1Ti 2:8

I will be fully satisfied as with the richest of foods;S Ps 36:8; Mt 5:6

with singing lips my mouth will praise you.

On my bed I remember you;

I think of you through the watches of the night.Dt 6:4-9; Ps 16:7; 119:148; Mt 14:25

Because you are my help,Ps 27:9; 118:7

I sing in the shadow of your wings.S Ru 2:12

I cling to you;S Nu 32:12; Hos 6:3

your right hand upholds me.S Ps 41:12

Those who want to kill me will be destroyed;Ps 40:14

they will go down to the depths of the earth.Ps 55:15; 71:20; 95:4; 139:15

10 They will be given over to the swordJer 18:21; Eze 35:5; Am 1:11

and become food for jackals.La 5:18

11 But the king will rejoice in God;

all who swear by God will glory in him,Ps 21:1; Isa 19:18; 45:23; 65:16

while the mouths of liars will be silenced.S Job 5:16; Ro 3:19

Psalm 63

A psalm of David, regarding a time when David was in the wilderness of Judah.

O God, you are my God;

I earnestly search for you.

My soul thirsts for you;

my whole body longs for you

in this parched and weary land

where there is no water.

I have seen you in your sanctuary

and gazed upon your power and glory.

Your unfailing love is better than life itself;

how I praise you!

I will praise you as long as I live,

lifting up my hands to you in prayer.

You satisfy me more than the richest feast.

I will praise you with songs of joy.

I lie awake thinking of you,

meditating on you through the night.

Because you are my helper,

I sing for joy in the shadow of your wings.

I cling to you;

your strong right hand holds me securely.

But those plotting to destroy me will come to ruin.

They will go down into the depths of the earth.

10 They will die by the sword

and become the food of jackals.

11 But the king will rejoice in God.

All who swear to tell the truth will praise him,

while liars will be silenced.

63 O God, thou art my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;

To see thy power and thy glory, so as I have seen thee in the sanctuary.

Because thy lovingkindness is better than life, my lips shall praise thee.

Thus will I bless thee while I live: I will lift up my hands in thy name.

My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness; and my mouth shall praise thee with joyful lips:

When I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches.

Because thou hast been my help, therefore in the shadow of thy wings will I rejoice.

My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand upholdeth me.

But those that seek my soul, to destroy it, shall go into the lower parts of the earth.

10 They shall fall by the sword: they shall be a portion for foxes.

11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that sweareth by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.

Proverbs 11:20-21

20 The Lord detests those whose hearts are perverse,Pr 3:32

but he delightsS Nu 14:8 in those whose ways are blameless.S 1Ch 29:17; S Ps 15:2; 101:1-4; S 119:1; Pr 12:2, 22; 15:9

21 Be sure of this: The wicked will not go unpunished,

but those who are righteous will go free.Pr 16:5

20 The Lord detests people with crooked hearts,

but he delights in those with integrity.

21 Evil people will surely be punished,

but the children of the godly will go free.

20 They that are of a froward heart are abomination to the Lord: but such as are upright in their way are his delight.

21 Though hand join in hand, the wicked shall not be unpunished: but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered.

Mar 19 Mar 21
Bible Gateway