Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Satan forms alliances with those who desire to "take possession of the pasturelands of God" (Psalm 83:12 NIV). Joshua and his forces faced enemies who united in one common pursuit: to extinguish the light of God's people from the face of the earth (Joshua 10:3-4). Though our enemies join forces to destroy us, they are still no match for our God.

In incredible fashion, God loosed the destructive forces of nature against Israel's enemies. First, He threw hailstones from heaven to smite the Amorites. Then, as though the enemy could have escaped such destruction, God actually stopped the sun and moon for the better part of an entire day to provide enough light for Israel to pursue the fleeing armies (Joshua 10:11-14).

There is no stopping our Commander-in-Chief. The Lord will make our enemies blow away "like whirling dust, like chaff before the wind" (Psalm 83:13)! Have you ever watched the whirling dust of a dust storm? It flies so fast that it only touches the ground occasionally. Pursue your enemies; God will "blow them away." Though they have declared war on God, they are no match for His anger. Remember: He is the "Most High, supreme over all the earth" (v. 18).

Joshua 9:3-10:43

However, when the people of Gibeonver 17; Jos 10:10; 11:19; 18:25; 21:17; 2Sa 2:12; 5:25; 20:8; 1Ki 3:4; 9:2; 1Ch 8:29; 14:16; 16:39; 21:29; 2Ch 1:3; Ne 3:7; Isa 28:21; Jer 28:1; 41:12 heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,Ge 12:8; S Jos 8:1they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation whose donkeys were loadedMost Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also Septuagint) They prepared provisions and loaded their donkeys with worn-out sacks and old wineskins, cracked and mended.They put worn and patched sandals on their feet and wore old clothes. All the bread of their food supply was dry and moldy.Then they went to Joshua in the camp at GilgalS Dt 11:30 and said to him and the Israelites, “We have come from a distant country;ver 22 make a treatyS Ge 26:28 with us.”

The Israelites said to the Hivites,S ver 1 “But perhaps you live near us, so how can we make a treatyS Ex 23:32; S 1Ki 5:12 with you?”

“We are your servants,2Ki 10:5” they said to Joshua.

But Joshua asked, “Who are you and where do you come from?”

They answered: “Your servants have come from a very distant countryS Dt 20:15 because of the fame of the Lord your God. For we have heard reportsver 24 of him: all that he did in Egypt,S Nu 23:2210 and all that he did to the two kings of the Amorites east of the Jordan—Sihon king of Heshbon,S Nu 21:25 and Og king of Bashan,S Nu 21:33 who reigned in Ashtaroth.S Nu 21:24, 35; Jos 2:1011 And our elders and all those living in our country said to us, ‘Take provisions for your journey; go and meet them and say to them, “We are your servants; make a treaty with us.”’12 This bread of ours was warm when we packed it at home on the day we left to come to you. But now see how dry and moldy it is.13 And these wineskins that we filled were new, but see how cracked they are. And our clothes and sandals are worn out by the very long journey.”

14 The Israelites sampled their provisions but did not inquireS Ex 16:28; S Nu 27:21 of the Lord.15 Then Joshua made a treaty of peaceS ver 3, 7; Jos 10:1, 4; 11:19; 2Sa 21:2; 24:1 with them to let them live,ver 21; Jdg 1:21; Ps 106:34 and the leaders of the assembly ratified it by oath.

16 Three days after they made the treaty with the Gibeonites, the Israelites heard that they were neighbors, living nearver 22 them.17 So the Israelites set out and on the third day came to their cities: Gibeon, Kephirah, BeerothJos 18:25; 2Sa 4:2; 23:37 and Kiriath Jearim.Jos 15:9, 60; 18:14, 15; Jdg 18:12; 1Sa 6:21; 7:2; Ps 132:6; Jer 26:2018 But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the assembly had sworn an oathver 15; Jdg 21:1, 7, 18; 1Sa 20:17; Ps 15:4 to them by the Lord, the God of Israel.

The whole assembly grumbledS Ex 15:24 against the leaders,19 but all the leaders answered, “We have given them our oath by the Lord, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them now.20 This is what we will do to them: We will let them live, so that God’s wrath will not fall on us for breaking the oathS Ge 24:8 we swore to them.”21 They continued, “Let them live,S ver 15 but let them be woodcutters and water carriersS Dt 29:11 in the service of the whole assembly.” So the leaders’ promise to them was kept.

22 Then Joshua summoned the Gibeonites and said, “Why did you deceive us by saying, ‘We live a long wayver 6 from you,’ while actually you live nearver 16 us?23 You are now under a curse:S Ge 9:25 You will never be released from service as woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God.”

24 They answered Joshua, “Your servants were clearly toldver 9 how the Lord your God had commanded his servant Moses to give you the whole land and to wipe out all its inhabitants from before you. So we feared for our lives because of you, and that is why we did this.25 We are now in your hands.Ge 16:6 Do to us whatever seems good and rightJer 26:14 to you.”

26 So Joshua saved them from the Israelites, and they did not kill them.27 That day he made the GibeonitesS Ex 1:11 woodcutters and water carriersS Dt 29:11 for the assembly, to provide for the needs of the altar of the Lord at the place the Lord would choose.Dt 12:5 And that is what they are to this day.

The Sun Stands Still

10 Now Adoni-Zedekver 3 king of JerusalemJos 12:10; 15:8, 63; 18:28; Jdg 1:7 heard that Joshua had taken AiS Jos 8:1 and totally destroyedThe Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verses 28, 35, 37, 39 and 40.S Dt 20:16; S Jos 8:22 it, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and that the people of GibeonJos 9:3 had made a treaty of peaceS Jos 9:15 with Israel and had become their allies.He and his people were very much alarmed at this, because Gibeon was an important city, like one of the royal cities; it was larger than Ai, and all its men were good fighters.So Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem appealed to Hoham king of Hebron,S Ge 13:18 Piram king of Jarmuth,ver 5; Jos 12:11; 15:35; 21:29; Ne 11:29 Japhia king of Lachishver 5, 31; Jos 12:11; 15:39; 2Ki 14:19; 2Ch 11:9; 25:27; 32:9; Ne 11:30; Isa 36:2; 37:8; Jer 34:7; Mic 1:13 and Debirver 38; Jos 11:21; 12:13; 13:26; 15:7, 49; 21:15; Jdg 1:11; 1Ch 6:58 king of Eglon.ver 23, 34, 36; Jos 12:12; 15:39“Come up and help me attack Gibeon,” he said, “because it has made peaceS Jos 9:15 with Joshua and the Israelites.”

Then the five kingsver 16 of the AmoritesNu 13:29; S Dt 1:7—the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon—joined forces. They moved up with all their troops and took up positions against Gibeon and attacked it.

The Gibeonites then sent word to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal:S Dt 11:30 “Do not abandon your servants. Come up to us quickly and save us! Help us, because all the Amorite kings from the hill country have joined forces against us.”

So Joshua marched up from Gilgal with his entire army,Jos 8:1 including all the best fighting men.The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraidS Dt 3:2; S Jos 1:9 of them; I have given them into your hand.S Jos 2:24 Not one of them will be able to withstand you.”S Dt 7:24

After an all-night march from Gilgal, Joshua took them by surprise.10 The Lord threw them into confusionS Ex 14:24 before Israel,S Dt 7:23 so Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely at Gibeon.S Jos 9:3 Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth HoronJos 16:3, 5; 18:13, 14; 21:22; 1Sa 13:18; 1Ki 9:17; 1Ch 6:68; 7:24; 2Ch 8:5; 25:13 and cut them down all the way to AzekahJos 15:35; 1Sa 17:1; 2Ch 11:9; Ne 11:30; Jer 34:7 and Makkedah.ver 16, 17, 21; Jos 12:16; 15:4111 As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah, the Lord hurled large hailstonesS Ex 9:18; Ps 18:12; Isa 28:2, 17; 32:19; Eze 13:11, 13 down on them,Jdg 5:20 and more of them died from the hail than were killed by the swords of the Israelites.

12 On the day the Lord gave the AmoritesAm 2:9 over to Israel, Joshua said to the Lord in the presence of Israel:

“Sun, stand still over Gibeon,

and you, moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.Jos 19:42; 21:24; Jdg 1:35; 12:12; 1Sa 14:31; 1Ch 6:69; 8:13; 2Ch 11:10; 28:18

13 So the sun stood still,Hab 3:11

and the moon stopped,

till the nation avenged itself onOr nation triumphed over its enemies,

as it is written in the Book of Jashar.2Sa 1:18

The sun stoppedIsa 38:8 in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.14 There has never been a day like it before or since, a day when the Lord listened to a human being. Surely the Lord was fightingver 42; S Ex 14:14; Ps 106:43; 136:24; Isa 63:10; Jer 21:5 for Israel!

15 Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.ver 43

Five Amorite Kings Killed

16 Now the five kings had fledPs 68:12 and hidden in the cave at Makkedah.17 When Joshua was told that the five kings had been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah,18 he said, “Roll large rocks up to the mouth of the cave, and post some men there to guard it.19 But don’t stop; pursue your enemies! Attack them from the rear and don’t let them reach their cities, for the Lord your God has given them into your hand.”

20 So Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely,Dt 20:16 but a few survivors managed to reach their fortified cities.2Ch 11:10; Jer 4:5; 5:17; 8:14; 35:1121 The whole army then returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah, and no one uttered a word against the Israelites.

22 Joshua said, “Open the mouth of the cave and bring those five kings out to me.”23 So they brought the five kings out of the cave—the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon.24 When they had brought these kingsS Dt 7:24 to Joshua, he summoned all the men of Israel and said to the army commanders who had come with him, “Come here and put your feetMal 4:3 on the necks of these kings.” So they came forward and placed their feet2Sa 22:40; Ps 110:1; Isa 51:23 on their necks.

25 Joshua said to them, “Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Be strong and courageous.S Dt 31:6 This is what the Lord will do to all the enemies you are going to fight.”26 Then Joshua put the kings to death and exposed their bodies on five poles, and they were left hanging on the poles until evening.

27 At sunsetS Dt 21:23 Joshua gave the order and they took them down from the poles and threw them into the cave where they had been hiding. At the mouth of the cave they placed large rocks, which are there to this day.S Ge 35:20

Southern Cities Conquered

28 That day Joshua took Makkedah. He put the city and its king to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it. He left no survivors.Dt 20:16 And he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho.ver 30, 32, 35, 39; Jos 6:21

29 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Makkedah to LibnahS Nu 33:20 and attacked it.30 The Lord also gave that city and its king into Israel’s hand. The city and everyone in it Joshua put to the sword. He left no survivors there. And he did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.

31 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Libnah to Lachish;S ver 3 he took up positions against it and attacked it.32 The Lord gave Lachish into Israel’s hands, and Joshua took it on the second day. The city and everyone in it he put to the sword, just as he had done to Libnah.33 Meanwhile, Horam king of GezerJos 12:12; 16:3, 10; 21:21; Jdg 1:29; 2Sa 5:25; 1Ki 9:15; 1Ch 6:67 had come up to help Lachish, but Joshua defeated him and his army—until no survivors were left.

34 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Lachish to Eglon;S ver 3 they took up positions against it and attacked it.35 They captured it that same day and put it to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it, just as they had done to Lachish.

36 Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to HebronS Ge 13:18; Jos 14:13; 15:13; 20:7; 21:11; Jdg 16:3 and attacked it.37 They took the city and put it to the sword, together with its king, its villages and everyoneS ver 28 in it. They left no survivors. Just as at Eglon, they totally destroyed it and everyone in it.

38 Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned around and attacked Debir.S ver 339 They took the city, its king and its villages, and put them to the sword. Everyone in it they totally destroyed. They left no survivors. They did to Debir and its king as they had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron.S ver 28

40 So Joshua subdued the whole region, including the hill country, the Negev,S Ge 12:9; Jos 12:8; 15:19, 21; 18:25; 19:8; 1Sa 30:27 the western foothills and the mountain slopes,S Dt 1:7 together with all their kings.Dt 7:24 He left no survivors. He totally destroyed all who breathed, just as the Lord, the God of Israel, had commanded.Dt 20:16-1741 Joshua subdued them from Kadesh BarneaS Ge 14:7 to GazaS Ge 10:19 and from the whole region of GoshenJos 11:16; 15:51 to Gibeon.42 All these kings and their lands Joshua conquered in one campaign, because the Lord, the God of Israel, foughtS ver 14 for Israel.

43 Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.ver 15; Jos 5:9; 1Sa 7:16; 10:8; 11:14; 13:12

But when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,they resorted to deception to save themselves. They sent ambassadors to Joshua, loading their donkeys with weathered saddlebags and old, patched wineskins.They put on worn-out, patched sandals and ragged clothes. And the bread they took with them was dry and moldy.When they arrived at the camp of Israel at Gilgal, they told Joshua and the men of Israel, “We have come from a distant land to ask you to make a peace treaty with us.”

The Israelites replied to these Hivites, “How do we know you don’t live nearby? For if you do, we cannot make a treaty with you.”

They replied, “We are your servants.”

“But who are you?” Joshua demanded. “Where do you come from?”

They answered, “Your servants have come from a very distant country. We have heard of the might of the Lord your God and of all he did in Egypt.10 We have also heard what he did to the two Amorite kings east of the Jordan River—King Sihon of Heshbon and King Og of Bashan (who lived in Ashtaroth).11 So our elders and all our people instructed us, ‘Take supplies for a long journey. Go meet with the people of Israel and tell them, “We are your servants; please make a treaty with us.”’

12 “This bread was hot from the ovens when we left our homes. But now, as you can see, it is dry and moldy.13 These wineskins were new when we filled them, but now they are old and split open. And our clothing and sandals are worn out from our very long journey.”

14 So the Israelites examined their food, but they did not consult the Lord.15 Then Joshua made a peace treaty with them and guaranteed their safety, and the leaders of the community ratified their agreement with a binding oath.

16 Three days after making the treaty, they learned that these people actually lived nearby!17 The Israelites set out at once to investigate and reached their towns in three days. The names of these towns were Gibeon, Kephirah, Beeroth, and Kiriath-jearim.18 But the Israelites did not attack the towns, for the Israelite leaders had made a vow to them in the name of the Lord, the God of Israel.

The people of Israel grumbled against their leaders because of the treaty.19 But the leaders replied, “Since we have sworn an oath in the presence of the Lord, the God of Israel, we cannot touch them.20 This is what we must do. We must let them live, for divine anger would come upon us if we broke our oath.21 Let them live.” So they made them woodcutters and water carriers for the entire community, as the Israelite leaders directed.

22 Joshua called together the Gibeonites and said, “Why did you lie to us? Why did you say that you live in a distant land when you live right here among us?23 May you be cursed! From now on you will always be servants who cut wood and carry water for the house of my God.”

24 They replied, “We did it because we—your servants—were clearly told that the Lord your God commanded his servant Moses to give you this entire land and to destroy all the people living in it. So we feared greatly for our lives because of you. That is why we have done this.25 Now we are at your mercy—do to us whatever you think is right.”

26 So Joshua did not allow the people of Israel to kill them.27 But that day he made the Gibeonites the woodcutters and water carriers for the community of Israel and for the altar of the Lord—wherever the Lord would choose to build it. And that is what they do to this day.

Israel Defeats the Southern Armies

10 Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem, heard that Joshua had captured and completely destroyedThe Hebrew term used here refers to the complete consecration of things or people to the Lord, either by destroying them or by giving them as an offering; also in 10:28, 35, 37, 39, 40. Ai and killed its king, just as he had destroyed the town of Jericho and killed its king. He also learned that the Gibeonites had made peace with Israel and were now their allies.He and his people became very afraid when they heard all this because Gibeon was a large town—as large as the royal cities and larger than Ai. And the Gibeonite men were strong warriors.

So King Adoni-zedek of Jerusalem sent messengers to several other kings: Hoham of Hebron, Piram of Jarmuth, Japhia of Lachish, and Debir of Eglon.“Come and help me destroy Gibeon,” he urged them, “for they have made peace with Joshua and the people of Israel.”So these five Amorite kings combined their armies for a united attack. They moved all their troops into place and attacked Gibeon.

The men of Gibeon quickly sent messengers to Joshua at his camp in Gilgal. “Don’t abandon your servants now!” they pleaded. “Come at once! Save us! Help us! For all the Amorite kings who live in the hill country have joined forces to attack us.”

So Joshua and his entire army, including his best warriors, left Gilgal and set out for Gibeon.“Do not be afraid of them,” the Lord said to Joshua, “for I have given you victory over them. Not a single one of them will be able to stand up to you.”

Joshua traveled all night from Gilgal and took the Amorite armies by surprise.10 The Lord threw them into a panic, and the Israelites slaughtered great numbers of them at Gibeon. Then the Israelites chased the enemy along the road to Beth-horon, killing them all along the way to Azekah and Makkedah.11 As the Amorites retreated down the road from Beth-horon, the Lord destroyed them with a terrible hailstorm from heaven that continued until they reached Azekah. The hail killed more of the enemy than the Israelites killed with the sword.

12 On the day the Lord gave the Israelites victory over the Amorites, Joshua prayed to the Lord in front of all the people of Israel. He said,

“Let the sun stand still over Gibeon,

and the moon over the valley of Aijalon.”

13 So the sun stood still and the moon stayed in place until the nation of Israel had defeated its enemies.

Is this event not recorded in The Book of JasharOr The Book of the Upright.? The sun stayed in the middle of the sky, and it did not set as on a normal day.Or did not set for about a whole day.14 There has never been a day like this one before or since, when the Lord answered such a prayer. Surely the Lord fought for Israel that day!

15 Then Joshua and the Israelite army returned to their camp at Gilgal.

Joshua Kills the Five Southern Kings

16 During the battle the five kings escaped and hid in a cave at Makkedah.17 When Joshua heard that they had been found,18 he issued this command: “Cover the opening of the cave with large rocks, and place guards at the entrance to keep the kings inside.19 The rest of you continue chasing the enemy and cut them down from the rear. Don’t give them a chance to get back to their towns, for the Lord your God has given you victory over them.”

20 So Joshua and the Israelite army continued the slaughter and completely crushed the enemy. They totally wiped out the five armies except for a tiny remnant that managed to reach their fortified towns.21 Then the Israelites returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah. After that, no one dared to speak even a word against Israel.

22 Then Joshua said, “Remove the rocks covering the opening of the cave, and bring the five kings to me.”23 So they brought the five kings out of the cave—the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon.24 When they brought them out, Joshua told the commanders of his army, “Come and put your feet on the kings’ necks.” And they did as they were told.

25 “Don’t ever be afraid or discouraged,” Joshua told his men. “Be strong and courageous, for the Lord is going to do this to all of your enemies.”26 Then Joshua killed each of the five kings and impaled them on five sharpened poles, where they hung until evening.

27 As the sun was going down, Joshua gave instructions for the bodies of the kings to be taken down from the poles and thrown into the cave where they had been hiding. Then they covered the opening of the cave with a pile of large rocks, which remains to this very day.

Israel Destroys the Southern Towns

28 That same day Joshua captured and destroyed the town of Makkedah. He killed everyone in it, including the king, leaving no survivors. He destroyed them all, and he killed the king of Makkedah as he had killed the king of Jericho.29 Then Joshua and the Israelites went to Libnah and attacked it.30 There, too, the Lord gave them the town and its king. He killed everyone in it, leaving no survivors. Then Joshua killed the king of Libnah as he had killed the king of Jericho.

31 From Libnah, Joshua and the Israelites went to Lachish and attacked it.32 Here again, the Lord gave them Lachish. Joshua took it on the second day and killed everyone in it, just as he had done at Libnah.33 During the attack on Lachish, King Horam of Gezer arrived with his army to help defend the town. But Joshua’s men killed him and his army, leaving no survivors.

34 Then Joshua and the Israelite army went on to Eglon and attacked it.35 They captured it that day and killed everyone in it. He completely destroyed everyone, just as he had done at Lachish.36 From Eglon, Joshua and the Israelite army went up to Hebron and attacked it.37 They captured the town and killed everyone in it, including its king, leaving no survivors. They did the same thing to all of its surrounding villages. And just as he had done at Eglon, he completely destroyed the entire population.

38 Then Joshua and the Israelites turned back and attacked Debir.39 He captured the town, its king, and all of its surrounding villages. He completely destroyed everyone in it, leaving no survivors. He did to Debir and its king just what he had done to Hebron and to Libnah and its king.

40 So Joshua conquered the whole region—the kings and people of the hill country, the Negev, the western foothills,Hebrew the Shephelah. and the mountain slopes. He completely destroyed everyone in the land, leaving no survivors, just as the Lord, the God of Israel, had commanded.41 Joshua slaughtered them from Kadesh-barnea to Gaza and from the region around the town of Goshen up to Gibeon.42 Joshua conquered all these kings and their land in a single campaign, for the Lord, the God of Israel, was fighting for his people.

43 Then Joshua and the Israelite army returned to their camp at Gilgal.

And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;

And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy.

And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.

And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?

And they said unto Joshua, We are thy servants. And Joshua said unto them, Who are ye? and from whence come ye?

And they said unto him, From a very far country thy servants are come because of the name of the Lord thy God: for we have heard the fame of him, and all that he did in Egypt,

10 And all that he did to the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, which was at Ashtaroth.

11 Wherefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spake to us, saying, Take victuals with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say unto them, We are your servants: therefore now make ye a league with us.

12 This our bread we took hot for our provision out of our houses on the day we came forth to go unto you; but now, behold, it is dry, and it is mouldy:

13 And these bottles of wine, which we filled, were new; and, behold, they be rent: and these our garments and our shoes are become old by reason of the very long journey.

14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the Lord.

15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them.

16 And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them.

17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjathjearim.

18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the Lord God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes.

19 But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the Lord God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

20 This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.

21 And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation; as the princes had promised them.

22 And Joshua called for them, and he spake unto them, saying, Wherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, We are very far from you; when ye dwell among us?

23 Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall none of you be freed from being bondmen, and hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God.

24 And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the Lord thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing.

25 And now, behold, we are in thine hand: as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do.

26 And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not.

27 And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the Lord, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose.

10 Now it came to pass, when Adonizedec king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them;

That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty.

Wherefore Adonizedec king of Jerusalem, sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,

Come up unto me, and help me, that we may smite Gibeon: for it hath made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.

Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it.

And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua to the camp to Gilgal, saying, Slack not thy hand from thy servants; come up to us quickly, and save us, and help us: for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the mountains are gathered together against us.

So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valour.

And the Lord said unto Joshua, Fear them not: for I have delivered them into thine hand; there shall not a man of them stand before thee.

Joshua therefore came unto them suddenly, and went up from Gilgal all night.

10 And the Lord discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah.

11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.

12 Then spake Joshua to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.

13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the Lord hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the Lord fought for Israel.

15 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal.

16 But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah.

17 And it was told Joshua, saying, The five kings are found hid in a cave at Makkedah.

18 And Joshua said, Roll great stones upon the mouth of the cave, and set men by it for to keep them:

19 And stay ye not, but pursue after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of them; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the Lord your God hath delivered them into your hand.

20 And it came to pass, when Joshua and the children of Israel had made an end of slaying them with a very great slaughter, till they were consumed, that the rest which remained of them entered into fenced cities.

21 And all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace: none moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel.

22 Then said Joshua, Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out those five kings unto me out of the cave.

23 And they did so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.

24 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.

25 And Joshua said unto them, Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and of good courage: for thus shall the Lord do to all your enemies against whom ye fight.

26 And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees: and they were hanging upon the trees until the evening.

27 And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, which remain until this very day.

28 And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof he utterly destroyed, them, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto the king of Jericho.

29 Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, unto Libnah, and fought against Libnah:

30 And the Lord delivered it also, and the king thereof, into the hand of Israel; and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain in it; but did unto the king thereof as he did unto the king of Jericho.

31 And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it:

32 And the Lord delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah.

33 Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

34 And from Lachish Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it, and fought against it:

35 And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.

36 And Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron; and they fought against it:

37 And they took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof, and all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon; but destroyed it utterly, and all the souls that were therein.

38 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

39 And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.

40 So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the Lord God of Israel commanded.

41 And Joshua smote them from Kadeshbarnea even unto Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even unto Gibeon.

42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel.

43 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal.

Luke 16:19-17:10

The Rich Man and Lazarus

19 “There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day.Eze 16:4920 At his gate was laid a beggarAc 3:2 named Lazarus, covered with sores21 and longing to eat what fell from the rich man’s table.Mt 15:27; Lk 15:16 Even the dogs came and licked his sores.

22 “The time came when the beggar died and the angels carried him to Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried.23 In Hades, where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham far away, with Lazarus by his side.24 So he called to him, ‘Father Abraham,ver 30; S Lk 3:8 have pity on me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, because I am in agony in this fire.’S Mt 5:22

25 “But Abraham replied, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while Lazarus received bad things,Ps 17:14 but now he is comforted here and you are in agony.Lk 6:21, 24, 2526 And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been set in place, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.’

27 “He answered, ‘Then I beg you, father, send Lazarus to my family,28 for I have five brothers. Let him warn them,Ac 2:40; 20:23; 1Th 4:6 so that they will not also come to this place of torment.’

29 “Abraham replied, ‘They have MosesS Lk 24:27, 44; Jn 1:45; 5:45-47; Ac 15:21 and the Prophets;Lk 4:17; 24:27, 44; Jn 1:45 let them listen to them.’

30 “‘No, father Abraham,’ver 24; S Lk 3:8 he said, ‘but if someone from the dead goes to them, they will repent.’

31 “He said to him, ‘If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone rises from the dead.’”

Sin, Faith, Duty

17 Jesus said to his disciples: “Things that cause people to stumbleS Mt 5:29 are bound to come, but woe to anyone through whom they come.Mt 18:7It would be better for them to be thrown into the sea with a millstone tied around their neck than to cause one of these little onesMk 10:24; Lk 10:21 to stumble.S Mt 5:29So watch yourselves.

“If your brother or sisterThe Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a fellow disciple, whether man or woman. sins against you, rebuke them;S Mt 18:15 and if they repent, forgive them.Eph 4:32; Col 3:13Even if they sin against you seven times in a day and seven times come back to you saying ‘I repent,’ you must forgive them.”Mt 18:21, 22

The apostlesS Mk 6:30 said to the Lord,S Lk 7:13 “Increase our faith!”

He replied, “If you have faith as small as a mustard seed,Mt 13:31; 17:20; Lk 13:19 you can say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and planted in the sea,’ and it will obey you.S Mt 21:21; Mk 9:23

“Suppose one of you has a servant plowing or looking after the sheep. Will he say to the servant when he comes in from the field, ‘Come along now and sit down to eat’?Won’t he rather say, ‘Prepare my supper, get yourself ready and wait on meLk 12:37 while I eat and drink; after that you may eat and drink’?Will he thank the servant because he did what he was told to do?10 So you also, when you have done everything you were told to do, should say, ‘We are unworthy servants; we have only done our duty.’”1Co 9:16

Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus

19 Jesus said, “There was a certain rich man who was splendidly clothed in purple and fine linen and who lived each day in luxury.20 At his gate lay a poor man named Lazarus who was covered with sores.21 As Lazarus lay there longing for scraps from the rich man’s table, the dogs would come and lick his open sores.

22 “Finally, the poor man died and was carried by the angels to sit beside Abraham at the heavenly banquet.Greek to Abraham’s bosom. The rich man also died and was buried,23 and he went to the place of the dead.Greek to Hades. There, in torment, he saw Abraham in the far distance with Lazarus at his side.

24 “The rich man shouted, ‘Father Abraham, have some pity! Send Lazarus over here to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue. I am in anguish in these flames.’

25 “But Abraham said to him, ‘Son, remember that during your lifetime you had everything you wanted, and Lazarus had nothing. So now he is here being comforted, and you are in anguish.26 And besides, there is a great chasm separating us. No one can cross over to you from here, and no one can cross over to us from there.’

27 “Then the rich man said, ‘Please, Father Abraham, at least send him to my father’s home.28 For I have five brothers, and I want him to warn them so they don’t end up in this place of torment.’

29 “But Abraham said, ‘Moses and the prophets have warned them. Your brothers can read what they wrote.’

30 “The rich man replied, ‘No, Father Abraham! But if someone is sent to them from the dead, then they will repent of their sins and turn to God.’

31 “But Abraham said, ‘If they won’t listen to Moses and the prophets, they won’t be persuaded even if someone rises from the dead.’”

Teachings about Forgiveness and Faith

17 One day Jesus said to his disciples, “There will always be temptations to sin, but what sorrow awaits the person who does the tempting!It would be better to be thrown into the sea with a millstone hung around your neck than to cause one of these little ones to fall into sin.So watch yourselves!

“If another believerGreek If your brother. sins, rebuke that person; then if there is repentance, forgive.Even if that person wrongs you seven times a day and each time turns again and asks forgiveness, you must forgive.”

The apostles said to the Lord, “Show us how to increase our faith.”

The Lord answered, “If you had faith even as small as a mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘May you be uprooted and be planted in the sea,’ and it would obey you!

“When a servant comes in from plowing or taking care of sheep, does his master say, ‘Come in and eat with me’?No, he says, ‘Prepare my meal, put on your apron, and serve me while I eat. Then you can eat later.’And does the master thank the servant for doing what he was told to do? Of course not.10 In the same way, when you obey me you should say, ‘We are unworthy servants who have simply done our duty.’”

19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:

20 And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores,

21 And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.

22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;

23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.

25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.

26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence.

27 Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father's house:

28 For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

29 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.

30 And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.

31 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.

17 Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences will come: but woe unto him, through whom they come!

It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones.

Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him.

And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.

And the apostles said unto the Lord, Increase our faith.

And the Lord said, If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye might say unto this sycamine tree, Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted in the sea; and it should obey you.

But which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when he is come from the field, Go and sit down to meat?

And will not rather say unto him, Make ready wherewith I may sup, and gird thyself, and serve me, till I have eaten and drunken; and afterward thou shalt eat and drink?

Doth he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded him? I trow not.

10 So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.

Psalm 83:1-18

Psalm 83In Hebrew texts 83:1-18 is numbered 83:2-19.

A song. A psalm of Asaph.

O God, do not remain silent;Ps 28:1; 35:22; Isa 42:14; 57:11; 62:1; 64:12

do not turn a deaf ear,

do not stand aloof, O God.

See how your enemies growl,Ps 2:1; Isa 17:12

how your foes rear their heads.Jdg 8:28

With cunning they conspireS Ex 1:10; S Ps 31:13 against your people;

they plot against those you cherish.Ps 17:14

“Come,” they say, “let us destroyS Est 3:6 them as a nation,Jer 33:24

so that Israel’s name is rememberedJer 11:19 no more.”

With one mind they plot together;Ps 2:2

they form an alliance against you—

the tents of EdomPs 137:7; Isa 34:5; Jer 49:7; Am 1:11 and the Ishmaelites,

of Moab2Ch 20:1 and the Hagrites,S Ge 25:16

Byblos,S Jos 13:5 AmmonGe 19:38 and Amalek,S Ge 14:7; S Ex 17:14

Philistia,Ex 15:14 with the people of Tyre.Isa 23:3; Eze 27:3

Even AssyriaS Ge 10:11 has joined them

to reinforce Lot’s descendants.The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here.S Dt 2:9

Do to them as you did to Midian,S Ge 25:2; Jdg 7:1-23

as you did to SiseraS Jdg 4:2 and JabinS Jos 11:1 at the river Kishon,S Jdg 4:23-24

10 who perished at EndorS 1Sa 28:7

and became like dungS 2Ki 9:37; Isa 5:25; Jer 8:2; 9:22; 16:4; 25:33; Zep 1:17 on the ground.

11 Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb,Jdg 7:25

all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,S Jdg 8:5

12 who said, “Let us take possession2Ch 20:11; Eze 35:10

of the pasturelands of God.”

13 Make them like tumbleweed, my God,

like chaffS Job 13:25 before the wind.

14 As fire consumes the forest

or a flame sets the mountains ablaze,Dt 32:22; Isa 9:18

15 so pursue them with your tempestS Ps 50:3

and terrify them with your storm.S Job 9:17

16 Cover their faces with shame,S Ps 34:5; 109:29; 132:18 Lord,

so that they will seek your name.

17 May they ever be ashamed and dismayed;S 2Ki 19:26

may they perish in disgrace.S Ps 35:4

18 Let them know that you, whose name is the LordS Ps 68:4

that you alone are the Most HighPs 7:8; 18:13 over all the earth.S Job 34:29

Psalm 83

A song. A psalm of Asaph.

O God, do not be silent!

Do not be deaf.

Do not be quiet, O God.

Don’t you hear the uproar of your enemies?

Don’t you see that your arrogant enemies are rising up?

They devise crafty schemes against your people;

they conspire against your precious ones.

“Come,” they say, “let us wipe out Israel as a nation.

We will destroy the very memory of its existence.”

Yes, this was their unanimous decision.

They signed a treaty as allies against you—

these Edomites and Ishmaelites;

Moabites and Hagrites;

Gebalites, Ammonites, and Amalekites;

and people from Philistia and Tyre.

Assyria has joined them, too,

and is allied with the descendants of Lot. Interlude

Do to them as you did to the Midianites

and as you did to Sisera and Jabin at the Kishon River.

10 They were destroyed at Endor,

and their decaying corpses fertilized the soil.

11 Let their mighty nobles die as Oreb and Zeeb did.

Let all their princes die like Zebah and Zalmunna,

12 for they said, “Let us seize for our own use

these pasturelands of God!”

13 O my God, scatter them like tumbleweed,

like chaff before the wind!

14 As a fire burns a forest

and as a flame sets mountains ablaze,

15 chase them with your fierce storm;

terrify them with your tempest.

16 Utterly disgrace them

until they submit to your name, O Lord.

17 Let them be ashamed and terrified forever.

Let them die in disgrace.

18 Then they will learn that you alone are called the Lord,

that you alone are the Most High,

supreme over all the earth.

83 Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.

For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.

They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.

They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.

For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:

The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;

Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;

Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.

Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:

10 Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.

11 Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:

12 Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession.

13 O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind.

14 As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire;

15 So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm.

16 Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O Lord.

17 Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:

18 That men may know that thou, whose name alone is Jehovah, art the most high over all the earth.

Proverbs 13:4

A sluggard’s appetite is never filled,Pr 21:25-26

but the desires of the diligent are fully satisfied.

Lazy people want much but get little,

but those who work hard will prosper.

The soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.

Apr 13 Apr 15
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