Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

As used in this context, your neighbor means "someone near." God has positioned near us all kinds of people with all kinds of needs. By showing love and generosity to such people, we are fulfilling one of the greatest commandments.

The children of Israel were told to treat a runaway slave as a neighbor and to give him refuge (Deuteronomy 23:15). They were also told not to barge into a neighbor's house to take an article for collateral. They were to let the person bring it out to them, and if the neighbor was poor and had only a cloak for collateral, they could not keep it overnight. In addition, they were told to leave intentional harvests of wheat, olives, and grapes for the poor (Deuteronomy 24:10-13,19-21).

The generosity of the Good Samaritan to his "neighbor," someone who was near, distinguished his true religion from the selfish religion of the Levite and priest (Luke 10:25-35). Likewise, Jesus' commandment to us is "Now go and do the same" (v. 37).

We complicate our religion when we think of it as distant and difficult. In fact, it is near-as near as a neighbor in need. If we focus our love and generosity on neighbors in need, God will meet our own needs in return.

Deuteronomy 23:1-25:19

Exclusion From the Assembly

23 In Hebrew texts 23:1-25 is numbered 23:2-26.No one who has been emasculatedS Lev 21:20 by crushing or cutting may enter the assembly of the Lord.

No one born of a forbidden marriageOr one of illegitimate birth nor any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord, not even in the tenth generation.

No AmmoniteS Ge 19:38 or Moabite or any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord, not even in the tenth generation.ver 4; Ne 13:2For they did not come to meet you with bread and waterDt 2:28 on your way when you came out of Egypt, and they hired BalaamS Nu 23:7; S 2Pe 2:15 son of Beor from Pethor in Aram NaharaimThat is, Northwest MesopotamiaS Ge 24:10 to pronounce a curse on you.S ver 3However, the Lord your God would not listen to Balaam but turned the curseNu 24:10; Jos 24:10; Pr 26:2 into a blessing for you, because the Lord your God lovesS Dt 4:37 you.Do not seek a treatyS Nu 24:17; Isa 15:1; 25:10; Jer 25:21; 27:3; 48:1; Eze 25:8; Zep 2:9 of friendship with them as long as you live.Ezr 9:12; Mt 5:43

Do not despise an Edomite,S Ge 25:30 for the Edomites are related to you.S Ge 25:26 Do not despise an Egyptian, because you resided as foreigners in their country.S Lev 19:34The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord.

Uncleanness in the Camp

When you are encamped against your enemies, keep away from everything impure.Lev 15:1-3310 If one of your men is unclean because of a nocturnal emission, he is to go outside the camp and stay there.Lev 15:1611 But as evening approaches he is to wash himself, and at sunsetS Lev 15:16 he may return to the camp.1Sa 21:5

12 Designate a place outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself.13 As part of your equipment have something to dig with, and when you relieve yourself, dig a hole and cover up your excrement.14 For the Lord your God movesS Ge 3:8 about in your camp to protect you and to deliver your enemies to you. Your camp must be holy,Ex 3:5 so that he will not see among you anything indecent and turn away from you.

Miscellaneous Laws

15 If a slave has taken refuge2Sa 22:3; Ps 2:12; 71:1 with you, do not hand them over to their master.1Sa 30:1516 Let them live among you wherever they like and in whatever town they choose. Do not oppressEx 22:21; S 23:6 them.

17 No Israelite man1Ki 14:24; 15:12; 22:46; 2Ki 23:7; Job 36:14 or woman is to become a shrine prostitute.S Ge 38:2118 You must not bring the earnings of a female prostitute or of a male prostituteHebrew of a dog into the house of the Lord your God to pay any vow, because the Lord your God detests them both.S Ge 19:5; S Lev 20:13; Rev 22:15

19 Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest.S Lev 25:35-37; Ne 5:2-720 You may charge a foreignerS Ge 31:15; S Dt 15:3 interest, but not a fellow Israelite, so that the Lord your God may blessDt 15:10 you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess.

21 If you make a vow to the Lord your God, do not be slow to pay it,S Nu 6:21; Jdg 11:35; Ps 15:4 for the Lord your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin.Nu 30:1-2; Job 22:27; Ps 61:8; 65:1; 76:11; Isa 19:21; S Mt 5:33; Ac 5:322 But if you refrain from making a vow, you will not be guilty.Ac 5:423 Whatever your lips utter you must be sure to do, because you made your vow freely to the Lord your God with your own mouth.

24 If you enter your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat all the grapes you want, but do not put any in your basket.25 If you enter your neighbor’s grainfield, you may pick kernels with your hands, but you must not put a sickle to their standing grain.Mt 12:1; Mk 2:23; Lk 6:1

24 If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to himDt 22:13 because he finds something indecent about her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce,ver 3; 2Ki 17:6; Isa 50:1; Jer 3:8; Mal 2:16; Mt 1:19; 5:31*; 19:7-9; Mk 10:4-5 gives it to her and sends her from his house,and if after she leaves his house she becomes the wife of another man,and her second husband dislikes her and writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, or if he dies,then her first husband, who divorced her, is not allowed to marry her again after she has been defiled. That would be detestable in the eyes of the Lord. Do not bring sin upon the land the LordJer 3:1 your God is giving you as an inheritance.

If a man has recently married, he must not be sent to war or have any other duty laid on him. For one year he is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married.S Dt 20:7

Do not take a pair of millstones—not even the upper one—as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person’s livelihood as security.S Ex 22:22

If someone is caught kidnapping a fellow Israelite and treating or selling them as a slave, the kidnapper must die.S Ex 21:16 You must purge the evil from among you.1Co 5:13*

In cases of defiling skin diseases,The Hebrew word for defiling skin diseases, traditionally translated “leprosy,” was used for various diseases affecting the skin. be very careful to do exactly as the LeviticalS Dt 17:9 priests instruct you. You must follow carefully what I have commanded them.Lev 13:1-46; S 14:2Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam along the way after you came out of Egypt.S Nu 12:10

10 When you make a loan of any kind to your neighbor, do not go into their house to get what is offered to you as a pledge.Ex 22:25-2711 Stay outside and let the neighbor to whom you are making the loan bring the pledge out to you.12 If the neighbor is poor, do not go to sleep with their pledgeS Ex 22:26 in your possession.13 Return their cloak by sunsetEx 22:26 so that your neighbor may sleep in it.S Ex 22:27 Then they will thank you, and it will be regarded as a righteous act in the sight of the Lord your God.Dt 6:25; Ps 106:31; Da 4:27

14 Do not take advantage of a hired worker who is poor and needy, whether that worker is a fellow Israelite or a foreigner residing in one of your towns.Lev 19:13; 25:35-43; Dt 15:12-18; Job 24:4; Pr 14:31; 19:17; Am 4:1; 1Ti 5:1815 Pay them their wages each day before sunset, because they are poorS Lev 25:35 and are counting on it.S Lev 19:13; Mt 20:8 Otherwise they may cry to the Lord against you, and you will be guilty of sin.S Ex 22:23; S Job 12:19; Jas 5:4

16 Parents are not to be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their parents; each will die for their own sin.S Nu 26:11; Jer 31:29-30

17 Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherlessEx 22:22; Job 6:27; 24:9; 29:12; Ps 10:18; 82:3; Pr 23:10; Eze 22:7 of justice,S Ex 22:21; S 23:2; S Dt 10:18 or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.18 Remember that you were slaves in EgyptS Dt 15:15 and the Lord your God redeemed you from there. That is why I command you to do this.

19 When you are harvesting in your field and you overlook a sheaf, do not go back to get it.S Lev 19:9 Leave it for the foreigner,Dt 10:19; 27:19; Eze 47:22; Zec 7:10; Mal 3:5 the fatherless and the widow,ver 20; Dt 14:29 so that the Lord your God may blessS Dt 14:29; Pr 19:17; 28:27; Ecc 11:1 you in all the work of your hands.20 When you beat the olives from your trees, do not go over the branches a second time.Lev 19:10 Leave what remains for the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow.21 When you harvest the grapes in your vineyard, do not go over the vines again. Leave what remains for the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow.22 Remember that you were slaves in Egypt. That is why I command you to do this.ver 18

25 When people have a dispute, they are to take it to court and the judgesS Ex 21:6 will decide the case,Dt 17:8-13; 19:17; Ac 23:3 acquitting1Ki 8:32 the innocent and condemning the guilty.S Ex 23:7; Dt 1:16-17If the guilty person deserves to be beaten,Pr 10:13; 19:29; Lk 12:47-48 the judge shall make them lie down and have them flogged in his presence with the number of lashes the crime deserves,but the judge must not impose more than forty lashes.Mt 27:26; Jn 19:1; 2Co 11:24 If the guilty party is flogged more than that, your fellow Israelite will be degraded in your eyes.Jer 20:2

Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.S Nu 22:29; 1Co 9:9*; 1Ti 5:18*

If brothers are living together and one of them dies without a son, his widow must not marry outside the family. Her husband’s brother shall take her and marry her and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her.Ru 4:10, 13; Mt 22:24; Mk 12:19; Lk 20:28The first son she bears shall carry on the name of the dead brother so that his name will not be blotted out from Israel.Ge 38:9; Ru 4:5, 10

However, if a man does not want to marry his brother’s wife,Ru 1:15 she shall go to the elders at the town gateS Ge 23:10 and say, “My husband’s brother refuses to carry on his brother’s name in Israel. He will not fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to me.”Ru 4:1-2, 5-6Then the elders of his town shall summon him and talk to him. If he persists in saying, “I do not want to marry her,”his brother’s widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals,Jos 24:22; Ru 4:7-8, 11 spit in his faceNu 12:14; Job 17:6; 30:10; Isa 50:6 and say, “This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother’s family line.”10 That man’s line shall be known in Israel as The Family of the Unsandaled.

11 If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts,12 you shall cut off her hand. Show her no pity.S Dt 7:2

13 Do not have two differing weights in your bag—one heavy, one light.Pr 11:1; 20:23; Mic 6:1114 Do not have two differing measures in your house—one large, one small.15 You must have accurate and honest weights and measures, so that you may live longS Ex 20:12 in the land the Lord your God is giving you.16 For the Lord your God detests anyone who does these things, anyone who deals dishonestly.Pr 11:1

17 Remember what the AmalekitesS Ge 36:12 did to you along the way when you came out of Egypt.18 When you were weary and worn out, they met you on your journey and attacked all who were lagging behind; they had no fear of God.Ps 36:1; Ro 3:1819 When the Lord your God gives you restS Ex 33:14; Heb 3:18-19 from all the enemiesEst 9:16 around you in the land he is giving you to possess as an inheritance, you shall blot out the name of AmalekS Ge 36:12 from under heaven. Do not forget!

Regulations concerning Worship

23 Verses 23:1-25 are numbered 23:2-26 in Hebrew text.“If a man’s testicles are crushed or his penis is cut off, he may not be admitted to the assembly of the Lord.

“If a person is illegitimate by birth, neither he nor his descendants for ten generations may be admitted to the assembly of the Lord.

“No Ammonite or Moabite or any of their descendants for ten generations may be admitted to the assembly of the Lord.These nations did not welcome you with food and water when you came out of Egypt. Instead, they hired Balaam son of Beor from Pethor in distant Aram-naharaim to curse you.But the Lord your God refused to listen to Balaam. He turned the intended curse into a blessing because the Lord your God loves you.As long as you live, you must never promote the welfare and prosperity of the Ammonites or Moabites.

“Do not detest the Edomites or the Egyptians, because the Edomites are your relatives and you lived as foreigners among the Egyptians.The third generation of Edomites and Egyptians may enter the assembly of the Lord.

Miscellaneous Regulations

“When you go to war against your enemies, be sure to stay away from anything that is impure.

10 “Any man who becomes ceremonially defiled because of a nocturnal emission must leave the camp and stay away all day.11 Toward evening he must bathe himself, and at sunset he may return to the camp.

12 “You must have a designated area outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself.13 Each of you must have a spade as part of your equipment. Whenever you relieve yourself, dig a hole with the spade and cover the excrement.14 The camp must be holy, for the Lord your God moves around in your camp to protect you and to defeat your enemies. He must not see any shameful thing among you, or he will turn away from you.

15 “If slaves should escape from their masters and take refuge with you, you must not hand them over to their masters.16 Let them live among you in any town they choose, and do not oppress them.

17 “No Israelite, whether man or woman, may become a temple prostitute.18 When you are bringing an offering to fulfill a vow, you must not bring to the house of the Lord your God any offering from the earnings of a prostitute, whether a manHebrew a dog. or a woman, for both are detestable to the Lord your God.

19 “Do not charge interest on the loans you make to a fellow Israelite, whether you loan money, or food, or anything else.20 You may charge interest to foreigners, but you may not charge interest to Israelites, so that the Lord your God may bless you in everything you do in the land you are about to enter and occupy.

21 “When you make a vow to the Lord your God, be prompt in fulfilling whatever you promised him. For the Lord your God demands that you promptly fulfill all your vows, or you will be guilty of sin.22 However, it is not a sin to refrain from making a vow.23 But once you have voluntarily made a vow, be careful to fulfill your promise to the Lord your God.

24 “When you enter your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes, but you must not carry any away in a basket.25 And when you enter your neighbor’s field of grain, you may pluck the heads of grain with your hand, but you must not harvest it with a sickle.

24 “Suppose a man marries a woman but she does not please him. Having discovered something wrong with her, he writes a document of divorce, hands it to her, and sends her away from his house.When she leaves his house, she is free to marry another man.But if the second husband also turns against her, writes a document of divorce, hands it to her, and sends her away, or if he dies,the first husband may not marry her again, for she has been defiled. That would be detestable to the Lord. You must not bring guilt upon the land the Lord your God is giving you as a special possession.

“A newly married man must not be drafted into the army or be given any other official responsibilities. He must be free to spend one year at home, bringing happiness to the wife he has married.

“It is wrong to take a set of millstones, or even just the upper millstone, as security for a loan, for the owner uses it to make a living.

“If anyone kidnaps a fellow Israelite and treats him as a slave or sells him, the kidnapper must die. In this way, you will purge the evil from among you.

“In all cases involving serious skin diseases,Traditionally rendered leprosy. The Hebrew word used here can describe various skin diseases. be careful to follow the instructions of the Levitical priests; obey all the commands I have given them.Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam as you were coming from Egypt.

10 “If you lend anything to your neighbor, do not enter his house to pick up the item he is giving as security.11 You must wait outside while he goes in and brings it out to you.12 If your neighbor is poor and gives you his cloak as security for a loan, do not keep the cloak overnight.13 Return the cloak to its owner by sunset so he can stay warm through the night and bless you, and the Lord your God will count you as righteous.

14 “Never take advantage of poor and destitute laborers, whether they are fellow Israelites or foreigners living in your towns.15 You must pay them their wages each day before sunset because they are poor and are counting on it. If you don’t, they might cry out to the Lord against you, and it would be counted against you as sin.

16 “Parents must not be put to death for the sins of their children, nor children for the sins of their parents. Those deserving to die must be put to death for their own crimes.

17 “True justice must be given to foreigners living among you and to orphans, and you must never accept a widow’s garment as security for her debt.18 Always remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the Lord your God redeemed you from your slavery. That is why I have given you this command.

19 “When you are harvesting your crops and forget to bring in a bundle of grain from your field, don’t go back to get it. Leave it for the foreigners, orphans, and widows. Then the Lord your God will bless you in all you do.20 When you beat the olives from your olive trees, don’t go over the boughs twice. Leave the remaining olives for the foreigners, orphans, and widows.21 When you gather the grapes in your vineyard, don’t glean the vines after they are picked. Leave the remaining grapes for the foreigners, orphans, and widows.22 Remember that you were slaves in the land of Egypt. That is why I am giving you this command.

25 “Suppose two people take a dispute to court, and the judges declare that one is right and the other is wrong.If the person in the wrong is sentenced to be flogged, the judge must command him to lie down and be beaten in his presence with the number of lashes appropriate to the crime.But never give more than forty lashes; more than forty lashes would publicly humiliate your neighbor.

“You must not muzzle an ox to keep it from eating as it treads out the grain.

“If two brothers are living together on the same property and one of them dies without a son, his widow may not be married to anyone from outside the family. Instead, her husband’s brother should marry her and have intercourse with her to fulfill the duties of a brother-in-law.The first son she bears to him will be considered the son of the dead brother, so that his name will not be forgotten in Israel.

“But if the man refuses to marry his brother’s widow, she must go to the town gate and say to the elders assembled there, ‘My husband’s brother refuses to preserve his brother’s name in Israel—he refuses to fulfill the duties of a brother-in-law by marrying me.’The elders of the town will then summon him and talk with him. If he still refuses and says, ‘I don’t want to marry her,’the widow must walk over to him in the presence of the elders, pull his sandal from his foot, and spit in his face. Then she must declare, ‘This is what happens to a man who refuses to provide his brother with children.’10 Ever afterward in Israel his family will be referred to as ‘the family of the man whose sandal was pulled off’!

11 “If two Israelite men get into a fight and the wife of one tries to rescue her husband by grabbing the testicles of the other man,12 you must cut off her hand. Show her no pity.

13 “You must use accurate scales when you weigh out merchandise,14 and you must use full and honest measures.15 Yes, always use honest weights and measures, so that you may enjoy a long life in the land the Lord your God is giving you.16 All who cheat with dishonest weights and measures are detestable to the Lord your God.

17 “Never forget what the Amalekites did to you as you came from Egypt.18 They attacked you when you were exhausted and weary, and they struck down those who were straggling behind. They had no fear of God.19 Therefore, when the Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies in the land he is giving you as a special possession, you must destroy the Amalekites and erase their memory from under heaven. Never forget this!

23 He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord.

A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the Lord.

An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the Lord for ever:

Because they met you not with bread and with water in the way, when ye came forth out of Egypt; and because they hired against thee Balaam the son of Beor of Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse thee.

Nevertheless the Lord thy God would not hearken unto Balaam; but the Lord thy God turned the curse into a blessing unto thee, because the Lord thy God loved thee.

Thou shalt not seek their peace nor their prosperity all thy days for ever.

Thou shalt not abhor an Edomite; for he is thy brother: thou shalt not abhor an Egyptian; because thou wast a stranger in his land.

The children that are begotten of them shall enter into the congregation of the Lord in their third generation.

When the host goeth forth against thine enemies, then keep thee from every wicked thing.

10 If there be among you any man, that is not clean by reason of uncleanness that chanceth him by night, then shall he go abroad out of the camp, he shall not come within the camp:

11 But it shall be, when evening cometh on, he shall wash himself with water: and when the sun is down, he shall come into the camp again.

12 Thou shalt have a place also without the camp, whither thou shalt go forth abroad:

13 And thou shalt have a paddle upon thy weapon; and it shall be, when thou wilt ease thyself abroad, thou shalt dig therewith, and shalt turn back and cover that which cometh from thee:

14 For the Lord thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee.

15 Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee:

16 He shall dwell with thee, even among you, in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates, where it liketh him best: thou shalt not oppress him.

17 There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

18 Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the Lord thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the Lord thy God.

19 Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:

20 Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury: that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it.

21 When thou shalt vow a vow unto the Lord thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it: for the Lord thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee.

22 But if thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall be no sin in thee.

23 That which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt keep and perform; even a freewill offering, according as thou hast vowed unto the Lord thy God, which thou hast promised with thy mouth.

24 When thou comest into thy neighbour's vineyard, then thou mayest eat grapes thy fill at thine own pleasure; but thou shalt not put any in thy vessel.

25 When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbour, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto thy neighbour's standing corn.

24 When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.

And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another man's wife.

And if the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, which took her to be his wife;

Her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that is abomination before the Lord: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.

When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken.

No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.

Take heed in the plague of leprosy, that thou observe diligently, and do according to all that the priests the Levites shall teach you: as I commanded them, so ye shall observe to do.

Remember what the Lord thy God did unto Miriam by the way, after that ye were come forth out of Egypt.

10 When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his house to fetch his pledge.

11 Thou shalt stand abroad, and the man to whom thou dost lend shall bring out the pledge abroad unto thee.

12 And if the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge:

13 In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the Lord thy God.

14 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates:

15 At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the Lord, and it be sin unto thee.

16 The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin.

17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

18 But thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the Lord thy God redeemed thee thence: therefore I command thee to do this thing.

19 When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.

20 When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.

21 When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.

22 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt: therefore I command thee to do this thing.

25 If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that the judges may judge them; then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked.

And it shall be, if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number.

Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed: lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.

Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.

If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her.

And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel.

And if the man like not to take his brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband's brother.

Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her;

Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house.

10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.

11 When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draweth near for to deliver her husband out of the hand of him that smiteth him, and putteth forth her hand, and taketh him by the secrets:

12 Then thou shalt cut off her hand, thine eye shall not pity her.

13 Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small.

14 Thou shalt not have in thine house divers measures, a great and a small.

15 But thou shalt have a perfect and just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou have: that thy days may be lengthened in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

16 For all that do such things, and all that do unrighteously, are an abomination unto the Lord thy God.

17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt;

18 How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, even all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God.

19 Therefore it shall be, when the Lord thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it.

Luke 10:13-37

13 “Woe to you,Lk 6:24-26 Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackclothS Rev 11:3 and ashes.14 But it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you.15 And you, Capernaum,S Mt 4:13 will you be lifted to the heavens? No, you will go down to Hades.That is, the realm of the dead

16 “Whoever listens to you listens to me; whoever rejects you rejects me; but whoever rejects me rejects him who sent me.”S Mt 10:40

17 The seventy-twover 1 returned with joy and said, “Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name.”S Mk 16:17

18 He replied, “I saw SatanS Mt 4:10 fall like lightning from heaven.Isa 14:12; Rev 9:1; 12:8, 919 I have given you authority to trample on snakesMk 16:18; Ac 28:3-5 and scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy; nothing will harm you.20 However, do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.”S Rev 20:12

21 At that time Jesus, full of joy through the Holy Spirit, said, “I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children.1Co 1:26-29 Yes, Father, for this is what you were pleased to do.

22 “All things have been committed to me by my Father.S Mt 28:18 No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”Jn 1:18

23 Then he turned to his disciples and said privately, “Blessed are the eyes that see what you see.24 For I tell you that many prophets and kings wanted to see what you see but did not see it, and to hear what you hear but did not hear it.”1Pe 1:10-12

The Parable of the Good Samaritan10:25-28pp — Mt 22:34-40; Mk 12:28-31

25 On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?”Mt 19:16; Lk 18:18

26 “What is written in the Law?” he replied. “How do you read it?”

27 He answered, “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’Deut. 6:5;Dt 6:5 and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’Lev. 19:18Lev 19:18; S Mt 5:43

28 “You have answered correctly,” Jesus replied. “Do this and you will live.”S Ro 7:10

29 But he wanted to justify himself,Lk 16:15 so he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”

30 In reply Jesus said: “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, when he was attacked by robbers. They stripped him of his clothes, beat him and went away, leaving him half dead.31 A priest happened to be going down the same road, and when he saw the man, he passed by on the other side.Lev 21:1-332 So too, a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side.33 But a Samaritan,S Mt 10:5 as he traveled, came where the man was; and when he saw him, he took pity on him.34 He went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he put the man on his own donkey, brought him to an inn and took care of him.35 The next day he took out two denariiA denarius was the usual daily wage of a day laborer (see Matt. 20:2). and gave them to the innkeeper. ‘Look after him,’ he said, ‘and when I return, I will reimburse you for any extra expense you may have.’

36 “Which of these three do you think was a neighbor to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?”

37 The expert in the law replied, “The one who had mercy on him.”

Jesus told him, “Go and do likewise.”

13 “What sorrow awaits you, Korazin and Bethsaida! For if the miracles I did in you had been done in wicked Tyre and Sidon, their people would have repented of their sins long ago, clothing themselves in burlap and throwing ashes on their heads to show their remorse.14 Yes, Tyre and Sidon will be better off on judgment day than you.15 And you people of Capernaum, will you be honored in heaven? No, you will go down to the place of the dead.Greek to Hades.

16 Then he said to the disciples, “Anyone who accepts your message is also accepting me. And anyone who rejects you is rejecting me. And anyone who rejects me is rejecting God, who sent me.”

17 When the seventy-two disciples returned, they joyfully reported to him, “Lord, even the demons obey us when we use your name!”

18 “Yes,” he told them, “I saw Satan fall from heaven like lightning!19 Look, I have given you authority over all the power of the enemy, and you can walk among snakes and scorpions and crush them. Nothing will injure you.20 But don’t rejoice because evil spirits obey you; rejoice because your names are registered in heaven.”

Jesus’ Prayer of Thanksgiving

21 At that same time Jesus was filled with the joy of the Holy Spirit, and he said, “O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, thank you for hiding these things from those who think themselves wise and clever, and for revealing them to the childlike. Yes, Father, it pleased you to do it this way.

22 “My Father has entrusted everything to me. No one truly knows the Son except the Father, and no one truly knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

23 Then when they were alone, he turned to the disciples and said, “Blessed are the eyes that see what you have seen.24 I tell you, many prophets and kings longed to see what you see, but they didn’t see it. And they longed to hear what you hear, but they didn’t hear it.”

The Most Important Commandment

25 One day an expert in religious law stood up to test Jesus by asking him this question: “Teacher, what should I do to inherit eternal life?”

26 Jesus replied, “What does the law of Moses say? How do you read it?”

27 The man answered, “‘You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, all your strength, and all your mind.’ And, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’”Deut 6:5; Lev 19:18.

28 “Right!” Jesus told him. “Do this and you will live!”

29 The man wanted to justify his actions, so he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”

Parable of the Good Samaritan

30 Jesus replied with a story: “A Jewish man was traveling from Jerusalem down to Jericho, and he was attacked by bandits. They stripped him of his clothes, beat him up, and left him half dead beside the road.

31 “By chance a priest came along. But when he saw the man lying there, he crossed to the other side of the road and passed him by.32 A Temple assistantGreek A Levite. walked over and looked at him lying there, but he also passed by on the other side.

33 “Then a despised Samaritan came along, and when he saw the man, he felt compassion for him.34 Going over to him, the Samaritan soothed his wounds with olive oil and wine and bandaged them. Then he put the man on his own donkey and took him to an inn, where he took care of him.35 The next day he handed the innkeeper two silver coins,Greek two denarii. A denarius was equivalent to a laborer’s full day’s wage. telling him, ‘Take care of this man. If his bill runs higher than this, I’ll pay you the next time I’m here.’

36 “Now which of these three would you say was a neighbor to the man who was attacked by bandits?” Jesus asked.

37 The man replied, “The one who showed him mercy.”

Then Jesus said, “Yes, now go and do the same.”

13 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

14 But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment, than for you.

15 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell.

16 He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me.

17 And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name.

18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.

19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.

20 Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.

21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.

22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.

23 And he turned him unto his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the things that ye see:

24 For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.

25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?

26 He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou?

27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.

28 And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.

29 But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

30 And Jesus answering said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead.

31 And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.

32 And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side.

33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him,

34 And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.

35 And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said unto him, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee.

36 Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves?

37 And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.

Psalm 75:1-10

Psalm 75In Hebrew texts 75:1-10 is numbered 75:2-11.

For the director of music. To the tune of “Do Not Destroy.” A psalm of Asaph. A song.

We praise you, God,

we praise you, for your Name is near;Ps 145:18

people tell of your wonderful deeds.S Jos 3:5; Ps 44:1; S 71:16; 77:12; 105:2; 107:8, 15; 145:5, 12

You say, “I choose the appointed time;S Ex 13:10

it is I who judge with equity.S Ps 7:11

When the earth and all its people quake,Isa 24:19

it is I who hold its pillars1Sa 2:8; S 2Sa 22:8 firm.The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here.

To the arrogantS Ps 5:5 I say, ‘Boast no more,’S 1Sa 2:3

and to the wicked, ‘Do not lift up your horns.Horns here symbolize strength; also in verses 5 and 10.Zec 1:21

Do not lift your horns against heaven;

do not speak so defiantly.S Job 15:25’”

No one from the east or the west

or from the desert can exalt themselves.

It is God who judges:S Ge 16:5; Ps 50:6; 58:11; Rev 18:8

He brings one down, he exalts another.1Sa 2:7; S Job 5:11; Ps 147:6; Eze 21:26; Da 2:21

In the hand of the Lord is a cup

full of foaming wine mixedPr 23:30 with spices;

he pours it out, and all the wicked of the earth

drink it down to its very dregs.Isa 51:17; Jer 25:15; Zec 12:2

As for me, I will declarePs 40:10 this forever;

I will singPs 108:1 praise to the God of Jacob,S Ge 24:12; Ps 76:6

10 who says, “I will cut off the horns of all the wicked,

but the horns of the righteous will be lifted up.”Ps 89:17; 92:10; 112:9; 148:14

Psalm 75

For the choir director: A psalm of Asaph. A song to be sung to the tune “Do Not Destroy!”

We thank you, O God!

We give thanks because you are near.

People everywhere tell of your wonderful deeds.

God says, “At the time I have planned,

I will bring justice against the wicked.

When the earth quakes and its people live in turmoil,

I am the one who keeps its foundations firm. Interlude

“I warned the proud, ‘Stop your boasting!’

I told the wicked, ‘Don’t raise your fists!

Don’t raise your fists in defiance at the heavens

or speak with such arrogance.’”

For no one on earth—from east or west,

or even from the wilderness—

should raise a defiant fist.Hebrew should lift.

It is God alone who judges;

he decides who will rise and who will fall.

For the Lord holds a cup in his hand

that is full of foaming wine mixed with spices.

He pours out the wine in judgment,

and all the wicked must drink it,

draining it to the dregs.

But as for me, I will always proclaim what God has done;

I will sing praises to the God of Jacob.

10 For God says, “I will break the strength of the wicked,

but I will increase the power of the godly.”

75 Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks, unto thee do we give thanks: for that thy name is near thy wondrous works declare.

When I shall receive the congregation I will judge uprightly.

The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.

I said unto the fools, Deal not foolishly: and to the wicked, Lift not up the horn:

Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck.

For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south.

But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.

For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them.

But I will declare for ever; I will sing praises to the God of Jacob.

10 All the horns of the wicked also will I cut off; but the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.

Proverbs 12:12-14

12 The wicked desire the stronghold of evildoers,

but the root of the righteous endures.

13 Evildoers are trapped by their sinful talk,S Ps 59:12; S Pr 10:6; 18:7

and so the innocent escape trouble.Pr 21:23

14 From the fruit of their lips people are filled with good things,Pr 13:2; 15:23; 18:20

and the work of their hands brings them reward.Pr 14:14

12 Thieves are jealous of each other’s loot,

but the godly are well rooted and bear their own fruit.

13 The wicked are trapped by their own words,

but the godly escape such trouble.

14 Wise words bring many benefits,

and hard work brings rewards.

12 The wicked desireth the net of evil men: but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit.

13 The wicked is snared by the transgression of his lips: but the just shall come out of trouble.

14 A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth: and the recompence of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him.

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