Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Samuel's anointing of Saul provides insight into the nature of God's anointing. The first thing that happened to Saul was that "God changed his heart" (v. 9). Samuel had told him, "You will be changed into a different person" (v. 6), and that is just what happened. The anointing of God upon your life changes you from "glory to glory" into the image of Jesus (2 Corinthians 3:18 KJV). Normally, you may be timid, but under the anointing, you will find yourself very bold.

Second, the anointing caused Saul to prophesy and worship (1 Samuel 10:10). The Holy Spirit will help you to worship God with your spirit and not just with your mind. Under the anointing, you might prophesy, like Saul did. Such prophecy comes up out of your spirit and produces a stronger word from God than your intellect could produce.

Finally, the anointing brought Saul a holy anger and power against the works of darkness (1 Samuel 11:6). A righteous indignation rose up within him, and he suddenly challenged the people to follow him to destroy the Ammonites.

Open your spirit today for fresh anointing. Then get ready to move into a new level of change, worship, and power!

1 Samuel 10:1-11:15

10 Then Samuel took a flask1Sa 16:1; 2Ki 9:1, 3, 6 of olive oil and poured it on Saul’s head and kissed him, saying, “Has not the Lord anointedS Ex 29:7; S 1Sa 9:16; S 1Ki 1:39 you ruler over his inheritance?Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate over his people Israel? You will reign over the Lord’s people and save them from the power of their enemies round about. And this will be a sign to you that the Lord has anointed you ruler over his inheritance:S Ex 34:9; 2Sa 20:19; Ps 78:62, 71When you leave me today, you will meet two men near Rachel’s tomb,Ge 35:20 at Zelzah on the border of Benjamin. They will say to you, ‘The donkeys1Sa 9:4 you set out to look for have been found. And now your father has stopped thinking about them and is worried1Sa 9:5 about you. He is asking, “What shall I do about my son?”’

“Then you will go on from there until you reach the great tree of Tabor. Three men going up to worship God at BethelS Ge 35:7-8 will meet you there. One will be carrying three young goats, another three loaves of bread, and another a skin of wine.They will greet you and offer you two loaves of bread,ver 27; 1Sa 16:20; Pr 18:16 which you will accept from them.

“After that you will go to Gibeahver 26; 1Sa 11:4; 15:34 of God, where there is a Philistine outpost.1Sa 13:3 As you approach the town, you will meet a procession of prophetsS Nu 11:29; 1Ki 20:35; 2Ki 2:3, 15; 4:1; 6:1; 9:1; Am 7:14 coming down from the high placeS Lev 26:30 with lyres, timbrels,S Ge 31:27; Jer 31:4 pipes1Ki 1:40; Isa 30:29 and harps1Sa 16:16; 18:10; 19:9; 2Ki 3:15; Ps 92:3 being played before them, and they will be prophesying.ver 10; 1Sa 19:20; 1Ch 25:1; 1Co 14:1The SpiritS Nu 11:25 of the Lord will come powerfully upon you, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changedver 9 into a different person.Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever2Sa 7:3; 1Ki 8:17; 1Ch 22:7; 28:2; 2Ch 6:7; Ecc 9:10 your handJdg 9:33 finds to do, for God is withS Jos 1:5; Lk 1:28; Heb 13:5 you.

“Go down ahead of me to Gilgal.Jos 4:20; S 10:43; 1Sa 7:16; 11:14-15 I will surely come down to you to sacrifice burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, but you must wait seven1Sa 13:8 days until I come to you and tell you what you are to do.”

Saul Made King

As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changedver 6 Saul’s heart, and all these signsS Dt 13:2 were fulfilledver 7 that day.10 When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the SpiritS Nu 11:25; 1Sa 11:6 of God came powerfully upon him, and he joined in their prophesying.S ver 5-611 When all those who had formerly known him saw him prophesying with the prophets, they asked each other, “What is thisMt 13:54; Jn 7:15 that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?”ver 12; 1Sa 19:24; 2Ki 9:11; Jer 29:26; Hos 9:7

12 A man who lived there answered, “And who is their father?” So it became a saying: “Is Saul also among the prophets?”S ver 1113 After Saul stopped prophesying,1Sa 19:23 he went to the high place.

14 Now Saul’s uncle1Sa 14:50 asked him and his servant, “Where have you been?”

“Looking for the donkeys,S 1Sa 9:3” he said. “But when we saw they were not to be found, we went to Samuel.”

15 Saul’s uncle said, “Tell me what Samuel said to you.”

16 Saul replied, “He assured us that the donkeysS 1Sa 9:3 had been found.” But he did not tell his uncle what Samuel had said about the kingship.

17 Samuel summoned the people of Israel to the Lord at MizpahS 1Sa 7:518 and said to them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘I brought Israel up out of Egypt, and I delivered you from the power of Egypt and all the kingdoms that oppressedS Ex 1:14; S Nu 10:9 you.’19 But you have now rejectedS Nu 11:20; S Dt 33:5 your God, who savesPs 7:10; 18:48; 68:20; 145:19 you out of all your disasters and calamities. And you have said, ‘No, appoint a kingS 1Sa 8:5-7 over us.’S Dt 17:14 So now presentJos 7:14 yourselves before the Lord by your tribes and clans.”

20 When Samuel had all Israel come forward by tribes, the tribe of Benjamin was taken by lot.21 Then he brought forward the tribe of Benjamin, clan by clan, and Matri’s clan was taken.Est 3:7; Pr 16:33 Finally Saul son of Kish was taken. But when they looked for him, he was not to be found.22 So they inquiredS Ge 25:22; S Jdg 18:5 further of the Lord, “Has the man come here yet?”

And the Lord said, “Yes, he has hidden himself among the supplies.”

23 They ran and brought him out, and as he stood among the people he was a head taller1Sa 9:2 than any of the others.24 Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see the man the Lord has chosen?Dt 17:15; 2Sa 21:6 There is no one like1Sa 9:2 him among all the people.”

Then the people shouted, “Long live1Ki 1:25, 34, 39; 2Ki 11:12 the king!”

25 Samuel explainedS 1Sa 8:9 to the people the rights and dutiesS Dt 17:14-20; S 1Sa 8:11-18; 2Ki 11:12 of kingship.1Sa 11:14 He wrote them down on a scroll and deposited it before the Lord. Then Samuel dismissed the people to go to their own homes.

26 Saul also went to his home in Gibeah,S ver 5; S Jdg 19:14 accompanied by valiant menS Jdg 20:44 whose hearts God had touched.27 But some scoundrelsS Dt 13:13; S 1Sa 20:7 said, “How can this fellow save us?” They despised him and brought him no gifts.S ver 4; 1Ki 10:25; 2Ch 17:5; 32:23; Ps 68:29 But Saul kept silent.

Saul Rescues the City of Jabesh

11 NahashMasoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls gifts. Now Nahash king of the Ammonites oppressed the Gadites and Reubenites severely. He gouged out all their right eyes and struck terror and dread in Israel. Not a man remained among the Israelites beyond the Jordan whose right eye was not gouged out by Nahash king of the Ammonites, except that seven thousand men fled from the Ammonites and entered Jabesh Gilead. About a month later, NahashS Ge 19:38; 1Sa 12:12; 2Sa 10:2; 17:27; 1Ch 19:1 the Ammonite went up and besieged Jabesh Gilead.Jdg 21:8; 1Sa 31:11; 2Sa 2:4, 5; 21:12 And all the men of Jabesh said to him, “Make a treatyS Ex 23:32; S Jer 37:1 with us, and we will be subject to you.”

But Nahash the Ammonite replied, “I will make a treaty with you only on the conditionGe 34:15 that I gougeS Nu 16:14 out the right eye of every one of you and so bring disgrace1Sa 17:26 on all Israel.”

The eldersS 1Sa 8:4 of Jabesh said to him, “Give us seven days so we can send messengers throughout Israel; if no one comes to rescueS Jdg 2:16 us, we will surrenderver 10 to you.”

When the messengers came to GibeahS 1Sa 10:5, 26 of Saul and reported these terms to the people, they all weptS Ge 27:38; S Nu 25:6 aloud.Just then Saul was returning from the fields, behind his oxen, and he asked, “What is wrong with everyone? Why are they weeping?” Then they repeated to him what the men of Jabesh had said.

When Saul heard their words, the SpiritS Jdg 3:10 of God came powerfully upon him, and he burned with anger.He took a pair of oxen,S 1Sa 6:14 cut them into pieces, and sent the pieces by messengers throughout Israel,S Jdg 19:29 proclaiming, “This is what will be done to the oxen of anyoneJdg 21:5 who does not follow Saul and Samuel.” Then the terror of the Lord fell on the people, and they came out together as one.S Jdg 20:1When Saul musteredJdg 20:2 them at Bezek,Jdg 1:4 the men of Israel numbered three hundred thousand and those of Judah thirty thousand.

They told the messengers who had come, “Say to the men of Jabesh Gilead, ‘By the time the sun is hot tomorrow, you will be rescued.’” When the messengers went and reported this to the men of Jabesh, they were elated.10 They said to the Ammonites, “Tomorrow we will surrenderver 3 to you, and you can do to us whatever you like.”

11 The next day Saul separated his men into three divisions;S Jdg 7:16 during the last watch of the night they broke into the camp of the AmmonitesS Ge 19:38 and slaughtered them until the heat of the day. Those who survived were scattered, so that no two of them were left together.

Saul Confirmed as King

12 The people then said to Samuel, “WhoS Dt 13:13; Lk 19:27 was it that asked, ‘Shall Saul reign over us?’ Turn these men over to us so that we may put them to death.”

13 But Saul said, “No one will be put to death today,2Sa 19:22 for this day the Lord has rescued1Sa 19:5; 1Ch 11:14 Israel.”

14 Then Samuel said to the people, “Come, let us go to GilgalS Jos 10:43; S 1Sa 10:8 and there renew the kingship.1Sa 10:2515 So all the people went to GilgalS Jos 5:9; 2Sa 19:15 and made Saul king1Sa 12:1 in the presence of the Lord. There they sacrificed fellowship offerings before the Lord, and Saul and all the Israelites held a great celebration.

Samuel Anoints Saul as King

10 Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil and poured it over Saul’s head. He kissed Saul and said, “I am doing this because the Lord has appointed you to be the ruler over Israel, his special possession.Greek version reads over Israel. And you will rule over the Lord’s people and save them from their enemies around them. This will be the sign to you that the Lord has appointed you to be leader over his special possession.When you leave me today, you will see two men beside Rachel’s tomb at Zelzah, on the border of Benjamin. They will tell you that the donkeys have been found and that your father has stopped worrying about them and is now worried about you. He is asking, ‘Have you seen my son?’

“When you get to the oak of Tabor, you will see three men coming toward you who are on their way to worship God at Bethel. One will be bringing three young goats, another will have three loaves of bread, and the third will be carrying a wineskin full of wine.They will greet you and offer you two of the loaves, which you are to accept.

“When you arrive at Gibeah of God,Hebrew Gibeath-haelohim. where the garrison of the Philistines is located, you will meet a band of prophets coming down from the place of worship. They will be playing a harp, a tambourine, a flute, and a lyre, and they will be prophesying.At that time the Spirit of the Lord will come powerfully upon you, and you will prophesy with them. You will be changed into a different person.After these signs take place, do what must be done, for God is with you.Then go down to Gilgal ahead of me. I will join you there to sacrifice burnt offerings and peace offerings. You must wait for seven days until I arrive and give you further instructions.”

Samuel’s Signs Are Fulfilled

As Saul turned and started to leave, God gave him a new heart, and all Samuel’s signs were fulfilled that day.10 When Saul and his servant arrived at Gibeah, they saw a group of prophets coming toward them. Then the Spirit of God came powerfully upon Saul, and he, too, began to prophesy.11 When those who knew Saul heard about it, they exclaimed, “What? Is even Saul a prophet? How did the son of Kish become a prophet?”

12 And one of those standing there said, “Can anyone become a prophet, no matter who his father is?”Hebrew said, “Who is their father?” So that is the origin of the saying “Is even Saul a prophet?”

13 When Saul had finished prophesying, he went up to the place of worship.14 “Where have you been?” Saul’s uncle asked him and his servant.

“We were looking for the donkeys,” Saul replied, “but we couldn’t find them. So we went to Samuel to ask him where they were.”

15 “Oh? And what did he say?” his uncle asked.

16 “He told us that the donkeys had already been found,” Saul replied. But Saul didn’t tell his uncle what Samuel said about the kingdom.

Saul Is Acclaimed King

17 Later Samuel called all the people of Israel to meet before the Lord at Mizpah.18 And he said, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, has declared: I brought you from Egypt and rescued you from the Egyptians and from all of the nations that were oppressing you.19 But though I have rescued you from your misery and distress, you have rejected your God today and have said, ‘No, we want a king instead!’ Now, therefore, present yourselves before the Lord by tribes and clans.”

20 So Samuel brought all the tribes of Israel before the Lord, and the tribe of Benjamin was chosen by lot.21 Then he brought each family of the tribe of Benjamin before the Lord, and the family of the Matrites was chosen. And finally Saul son of Kish was chosen from among them. But when they looked for him, he had disappeared!22 So they asked the Lord, “Where is he?”

And the Lord replied, “He is hiding among the baggage.”23 So they found him and brought him out, and he stood head and shoulders above anyone else.

24 Then Samuel said to all the people, “This is the man the Lord has chosen as your king. No one in all Israel is like him!”

And all the people shouted, “Long live the king!”

25 Then Samuel told the people what the rights and duties of a king were. He wrote them down on a scroll and placed it before the Lord. Then Samuel sent the people home again.

26 When Saul returned to his home at Gibeah, a group of men whose hearts God had touched went with him.27 But there were some scoundrels who complained, “How can this man save us?” And they scorned him and refused to bring him gifts. But Saul ignored them.

[Nahash, king of the Ammonites, had been grievously oppressing the people of Gad and Reuben who lived east of the Jordan River. He gouged out the right eye of each of the Israelites living there, and he didn’t allow anyone to come and rescue them. In fact, of all the Israelites east of the Jordan, there wasn’t a single one whose right eye Nahash had not gouged out. But there were 7,000 men who had escaped from the Ammonites, and they had settled in Jabesh-gilead.]This paragraph, which is not included in the Masoretic Text, is found in Dead Sea Scroll 4QSama.

Saul Defeats the Ammonites

11 About a month later,As in Dead Sea Scroll 4QSama and Greek version; Masoretic Text lacks About a month later. King Nahash of Ammon led his army against the Israelite town of Jabesh-gilead. But all the citizens of Jabesh asked for peace. “Make a treaty with us, and we will be your servants,” they pleaded.

“All right,” Nahash said, “but only on one condition. I will gouge out the right eye of every one of you as a disgrace to all Israel!”

“Give us seven days to send messengers throughout Israel!” replied the elders of Jabesh. “If no one comes to save us, we will agree to your terms.”

When the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul and told the people about their plight, everyone broke into tears.Saul had been plowing a field with his oxen, and when he returned to town, he asked, “What’s the matter? Why is everyone crying?” So they told him about the message from Jabesh.

Then the Spirit of God came powerfully upon Saul, and he became very angry.He took two oxen and cut them into pieces and sent the messengers to carry them throughout Israel with this message: “This is what will happen to the oxen of anyone who refuses to follow Saul and Samuel into battle!” And the Lord made the people afraid of Saul’s anger, and all of them came out together as one.When Saul mobilized them at Bezek, he found that there were 300,000 men from Israel and 30,000Dead Sea Scrolls and Greek version read 70,000. men from Judah.

So Saul sent the messengers back to Jabesh-gilead to say, “We will rescue you by noontime tomorrow!” There was great joy throughout the town when that message arrived!

10 The men of Jabesh then told their enemies, “Tomorrow we will come out to you, and you can do to us whatever you wish.”11 But before dawn the next morning, Saul arrived, having divided his army into three detachments. He launched a surprise attack against the Ammonites and slaughtered them the whole morning. The remnant of their army was so badly scattered that no two of them were left together.

12 Then the people exclaimed to Samuel, “Now where are those men who said, ‘Why should Saul rule over us?’ Bring them here, and we will kill them!”

13 But Saul replied, “No one will be executed today, for today the Lord has rescued Israel!”

14 Then Samuel said to the people, “Come, let us all go to Gilgal to renew the kingdom.”15 So they all went to Gilgal, and in a solemn ceremony before the Lord they made Saul king. Then they offered peace offerings to the Lord, and Saul and all the Israelites were filled with joy.

10 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the Lord hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?

When thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt find two men by Rachel's sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they will say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are found: and, lo, thy father hath left the care of the asses, and sorroweth for you, saying, What shall I do for my son?

Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:

And they will salute thee, and give thee two loaves of bread; which thou shalt receive of their hands.

After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:

And the Spirit of the Lord will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.

And let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that thou do as occasion serve thee; for God is with thee.

And thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do.

And it was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him another heart: and all those signs came to pass that day.

10 And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.

11 And it came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime saw that, behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said one to another, What is this that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?

12 And one of the same place answered and said, But who is their father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets?

13 And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the high place.

14 And Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? And he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no where, we came to Samuel.

15 And Saul's uncle said, Tell me, I pray thee, what Samuel said unto you.

16 And Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were found. But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spake, he told him not.

17 And Samuel called the people together unto the Lord to Mizpeh;

18 And said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you:

19 And ye have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes, and by your thousands.

20 And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken.

21 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found.

22 Therefore they enquired of the Lord further, if the man should yet come thither. And the Lord answered, Behold he hath hid himself among the stuff.

23 And they ran and fetched him thence: and when he stood among the people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward.

24 And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the Lord hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And all the people shouted, and said, God save the king.

25 Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the Lord. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house.

26 And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of men, whose hearts God had touched.

27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.

11 Then Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped against Jabeshgilead: and all the men of Jabesh said unto Nahash, Make a covenant with us, and we will serve thee.

And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this condition will I make a covenant with you, that I may thrust out all your right eyes, and lay it for a reproach upon all Israel.

And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us seven days' respite, that we may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel: and then, if there be no man to save us, we will come out to thee.

Then came the messengers to Gibeah of Saul, and told the tidings in the ears of the people: and all the people lifted up their voices, and wept.

And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul said, What aileth the people that they weep? And they told him the tidings of the men of Jabesh.

And the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he heard those tidings, and his anger was kindled greatly.

And he took a yoke of oxen, and hewed them in pieces, and sent them throughout all the coasts of Israel by the hands of messengers, saying, Whosoever cometh not forth after Saul and after Samuel, so shall it be done unto his oxen. And the fear of the Lord fell on the people, and they came out with one consent.

And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.

And they said unto the messengers that came, Thus shall ye say unto the men of Jabeshgilead, To morrow, by that time the sun be hot, ye shall have help. And the messengers came and shewed it to the men of Jabesh; and they were glad.

10 Therefore the men of Jabesh said, To morrow we will come out unto you, and ye shall do with us all that seemeth good unto you.

11 And it was so on the morrow, that Saul put the people in three companies; and they came into the midst of the host in the morning watch, and slew the Ammonites until the heat of the day: and it came to pass, that they which remained were scattered, so that two of them were not left together.

12 And the people said unto Samuel, Who is he that said, Shall Saul reign over us? bring the men, that we may put them to death.

13 And Saul said, There shall not a man be put to death this day: for to day the Lord hath wrought salvation in Israel.

14 Then said Samuel to the people, Come, and let us go to Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there.

15 And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the Lord in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the Lord; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.

John 6:43-71

43 “Stop grumbling among yourselves,” Jesus answered.44 “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws them,ver 65; Jer 31:3; Jn 12:32 and I will raise them up at the last day.45 It is written in the Prophets: ‘They will all be taught by God.’Isaiah 54:13Isa 54:13; Jer 31:33, 34; 1Co 2:13; 1Th 4:9; Heb 8:10, 11; 10:16; 1Jn 2:27 Everyone who has heard the Father and learned from him comes to me.46 No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God;S Jn 1:18; 5:37; 7:29 only he has seen the Father.47 Very truly I tell you, the one who believes has eternal life.S Mt 25:4648 I am the bread of life.ver 35, 5149 Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died.ver 31, 5850 But here is the bread that comes down from heaven,ver 33 which anyone may eat and not die.51 I am the living breadver 35, 48 that came down from heaven.ver 41, 58 Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”Heb 10:10

52 Then the JewsS Jn 1:19 began to argue sharply among themselves,Jn 7:43; 9:16; 10:19 “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?”

53 Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the fleshMt 26:26 of the Son of ManS Mt 8:20 and drink his blood,Mt 26:28 you have no life in you.54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day.ver 3955 For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink.56 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in them.Jn 15:4-7; 1Jn 2:24; 3:24; 4:1557 Just as the living Father sent meS Jn 3:17 and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me.58 This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your ancestors ate manna and died, but whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.”ver 49-51; Jn 3:36; 5:2459 He said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.

Many Disciples Desert Jesus

60 On hearing it, many of his disciplesver 66 said, “This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?”ver 52

61 Aware that his disciples were grumbling about this, Jesus said to them, “Does this offend you?Mt 13:5762 Then what if you see the Son of ManS Mt 8:20 ascend to where he was before!S Mk 16:19; S Jn 3:13; 17:563 The Spirit gives life;2Co 3:6 the flesh counts for nothing. The words I have spoken to you—they are full of the SpiritOr are Spirit; or are spirit and life.64 Yet there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus had knownS Jn 2:25 from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him.S Mt 10:465 He went on to say, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has enabled them.”ver 37, 44; S Mt 13:11

66 From this time many of his disciplesver 60 turned back and no longer followed him.

67 “You do not want to leave too, do you?” Jesus asked the Twelve.Mt 10:2

68 Simon Peter answered him,Mt 16:16 “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.ver 63; S Mt 25:4669 We have come to believe and to know that you are the Holy One of God.”S Mk 1:24; 8:29; Lk 9:20

70 Then Jesus replied, “Have I not chosen you,Jn 15:16, 19 the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!”Jn 13:27; 17:1271 (He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot,S Mt 26:14 who, though one of the Twelve, was later to betray him.)S Mt 10:4

43 But Jesus replied, “Stop complaining about what I said.44 For no one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws them to me, and at the last day I will raise them up.45 As it is written in the Scriptures,Greek in the prophets. Isa 54:13. ‘They will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from him comes to me.46 (Not that anyone has ever seen the Father; only I, who was sent from God, have seen him.)

47 “I tell you the truth, anyone who believes has eternal life.48 Yes, I am the bread of life!49 Your ancestors ate manna in the wilderness, but they all died.50 Anyone who eats the bread from heaven, however, will never die.51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Anyone who eats this bread will live forever; and this bread, which I will offer so the world may live, is my flesh.”

52 Then the people began arguing with each other about what he meant. “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” they asked.

53 So Jesus said again, “I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you cannot have eternal life within you.54 But anyone who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise that person at the last day.55 For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.56 Anyone who eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him.57 I live because of the living Father who sent me; in the same way, anyone who feeds on me will live because of me.58 I am the true bread that came down from heaven. Anyone who eats this bread will not die as your ancestors did (even though they ate the manna) but will live forever.”

59 He said these things while he was teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.

Many Disciples Desert Jesus

60 Many of his disciples said, “This is very hard to understand. How can anyone accept it?”

61 Jesus was aware that his disciples were complaining, so he said to them, “Does this offend you?62 Then what will you think if you see the Son of Man ascend to heaven again?63 The Spirit alone gives eternal life. Human effort accomplishes nothing. And the very words I have spoken to you are spirit and life.64 But some of you do not believe me.” (For Jesus knew from the beginning which ones didn’t believe, and he knew who would betray him.)65 Then he said, “That is why I said that people can’t come to me unless the Father gives them to me.”

66 At this point many of his disciples turned away and deserted him.67 Then Jesus turned to the Twelve and asked, “Are you also going to leave?”

68 Simon Peter replied, “Lord, to whom would we go? You have the words that give eternal life.69 We believe, and we know you are the Holy One of God.Other manuscripts read you are the Christ, the Holy One of God; still others read you are the Christ, the Son of God; and still others read you are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

70 Then Jesus said, “I chose the twelve of you, but one is a devil.”71 He was speaking of Judas, son of Simon Iscariot, one of the Twelve, who would later betray him.

43 Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves.

44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.

45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.

46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.

47 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.

48 I am that bread of life.

49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.

50 This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.

51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

52 The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?

53 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.

54 Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.

55 For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.

56 He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.

57 As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

58 This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.

59 These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum.

60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?

61 When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you?

62 What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?

63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him.

65 And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.

66 From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.

67 Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away?

68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.

69 And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God.

70 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?

71 He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.

Psalm 107:1-43

BOOK V

Psalms 107–150

Psalm 107

Give thanks to the Lord,S 1Ch 16:8; S 2Ch 5:13 for he is good;S 2Ch 7:3

his love endures forever.

Let the redeemedS Ps 106:10; S Isa 35:9 of the Lord tell their story—

those he redeemed from the hand of the foe,

those he gatheredS Ne 1:9 from the lands,

from east and west, from north and south.Hebrew north and the sea

Some wandered in desertS Jos 5:6 wastelands,

finding no way to a cityver 36 where they could settle.

They were hungryEx 16:3 and thirsty,S Ex 15:22; S 17:2

and their lives ebbed away.

Then they cried outS Ex 14:10 to the Lord in their trouble,

and he delivered them from their distress.

He led them by a straight wayS Ezr 8:21

to a cityver 36 where they could settle.

Let them give thanksPs 105:1 to the Lord for his unfailing lovePs 6:4

and his wonderful deedsS Ps 75:1 for mankind,

for he satisfiesPs 22:26; 63:5; Isa 58:11; Mt 5:6; Lk 1:53 the thirsty

and fills the hungry with good things.S Ps 23:1; Jer 31:25

10 Some sat in darkness,ver 14; Ps 88:6; 143:3; Isa 9:2; 42:7, 16; 49:9; Mic 7:9 in utter darkness,

prisoners sufferingPs 102:20; Isa 61:1 in iron chains,S Job 36:8

11 because they rebelledS Ps 5:10 against God’s commands

and despisedS Nu 14:11 the plansS 1Ki 22:5; 2Ch 36:16 of the Most High.

12 So he subjected them to bitter labor;

they stumbled, and there was no one to help.S 2Ki 14:26; Ps 72:12

13 Then they cried to the Lord in their trouble,

and he saved themS Ps 106:8 from their distress.

14 He brought them out of darkness,S ver 10; Isa 9:2; 42:7; 50:10; 59:9; 60:2; S Lk 1:79 the utter darkness,Ps 86:13; Isa 29:18

and broke away their chains.S Job 36:8; Ps 116:16; Ac 12:7

15 Let them give thanksver 8, 21, 31; Ps 105:1 to the Lord for his unfailing lovePs 6:4

and his wonderful deedsS Ps 75:1 for mankind,

16 for he breaks down gates of bronze

and cuts through bars of iron.

17 Some became foolsS Ps 53:1 through their rebellious waysS Ps 25:7

and suffered afflictionS Lev 26:16; Isa 65:6-7; Jer 30:14-15; Gal 6:7-8 because of their iniquities.

18 They loathed all foodS Job 3:24; S 6:6

and drew near the gates of death.S Job 17:16; S 33:22

19 Then they criedver 28; Ps 5:2 to the Lord in their trouble,

and he saved themver 13; Ps 34:4 from their distress.

20 He sent out his wordS Dt 32:2; Ps 147:15; Mt 8:8; Lk 7:7 and healed them;S Ex 15:26

he rescuedS Job 33:28 them from the grave.Ps 16:10; 30:3; S 56:13

21 Let them give thanksS ver 15 to the Lord for his unfailing lovePs 6:4

and his wonderful deedsPs 75:1 for mankind.

22 Let them sacrifice thank offeringsS Lev 7:12

and tell of his worksPs 9:11; 73:28; 118:17 with songs of joy.S Job 8:21; S Ps 65:8

23 Some went out on the seaIsa 42:10 in ships;S Ps 104:26

they were merchants on the mighty waters.

24 They saw the works of the Lord,Ps 64:9; 111:2; 143:5

his wonderful deeds in the deep.

25 For he spokeS Ps 105:31 and stirred up a tempestS Ps 50:3

that lifted high the waves.S Ps 93:3

26 They mounted up to the heavens and went down to the depths;

in their perilLk 8:23 their courage meltedS Jos 2:11 away.

27 They reeledIsa 19:14; 24:20; 28:7 and staggered like drunkards;

they were at their wits’ end.

28 Then they criedS ver 19 out to the Lord in their trouble,

and he brought them out of their distress.Ps 4:1; Jnh 1:6

29 He stilled the stormLk 8:24 to a whisper;

the wavesS Ps 93:3 of the seaDead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text / their waves were hushed.S Ps 65:7; Jnh 1:15

30 They were glad when it grew calm,

and he guided themver 7 to their desired haven.

31 Let them give thanksS ver 15 to the Lord for his unfailing lovePs 6:4

and his wonderful deedsPs 75:1; 106:2 for mankind.

32 Let them exaltPs 30:1; 34:3; 99:5 him in the assemblyS Ps 1:5; 22:22, 25; 26:12; 35:18 of the people

and praise him in the council of the elders.

33 He turned rivers into a desert,1Ki 17:1; Ps 74:15; Isa 41:15; 42:15; 50:2

flowing springsS Ps 104:10 into thirsty ground,

34 and fruitful land into a salt waste,S Ge 13:10

because of the wickedness of those who lived there.

35 He turned the desert into pools of waterS 2Ki 3:17; Ps 105:41; 126:4; Isa 43:19; 51:3

and the parched ground into flowing springs;S Job 38:26; S Isa 35:7

36 there he brought the hungry to live,

and they founded a city where they could settle.

37 They sowed fields and planted vineyardsS 2Ki 19:29; S Isa 37:30

that yielded a fruitful harvest;

38 he blessed them, and their numbers greatly increased,S Ge 12:2; S Dt 7:13

and he did not let their herds diminish.S Ge 49:25

39 Then their numbers decreased,S 2Ki 10:32; Eze 5:12 and they were humbledS Ps 44:9

by oppression, calamity and sorrow;

40 he who pours contempt on noblesS Job 12:18

made them wander in a trackless waste.S Dt 32:10

41 But he lifted the needyS 1Sa 2:8; Ps 113:7-9 out of their affliction

and increased their families like flocks.S Job 21:11

42 The upright see and rejoice,S Job 22:19; Ps 97:10-12

but all the wicked shut their mouths.S Job 5:16; Ro 3:19

43 Let the one who is wiseJer 9:12; Hos 14:9 heed these things

and ponder the loving deedsPs 103:11 of the Lord.

Book five (Psalms 107–150)

Psalm 107

Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good!

His faithful love endures forever.

Has the Lord redeemed you? Then speak out!

Tell others he has redeemed you from your enemies.

For he has gathered the exiles from many lands,

from east and west,

from north and south.Hebrew and sea.

Some wandered in the wilderness,

lost and homeless.

Hungry and thirsty,

they nearly died.

Lord, help!” they cried in their trouble,

and he rescued them from their distress.

He led them straight to safety,

to a city where they could live.

Let them praise the Lord for his great love

and for the wonderful things he has done for them.

For he satisfies the thirsty

and fills the hungry with good things.

10 Some sat in darkness and deepest gloom,

imprisoned in iron chains of misery.

11 They rebelled against the words of God,

scorning the counsel of the Most High.

12 That is why he broke them with hard labor;

they fell, and no one was there to help them.

13 Lord, help!” they cried in their trouble,

and he saved them from their distress.

14 He led them from the darkness and deepest gloom;

he snapped their chains.

15 Let them praise the Lord for his great love

and for the wonderful things he has done for them.

16 For he broke down their prison gates of bronze;

he cut apart their bars of iron.

17 Some were fools; they rebelled

and suffered for their sins.

18 They couldn’t stand the thought of food,

and they were knocking on death’s door.

19 Lord, help!” they cried in their trouble,

and he saved them from their distress.

20 He sent out his word and healed them,

snatching them from the door of death.

21 Let them praise the Lord for his great love

and for the wonderful things he has done for them.

22 Let them offer sacrifices of thanksgiving

and sing joyfully about his glorious acts.

23 Some went off to sea in ships,

plying the trade routes of the world.

24 They, too, observed the Lord’s power in action,

his impressive works on the deepest seas.

25 He spoke, and the winds rose,

stirring up the waves.

26 Their ships were tossed to the heavens

and plunged again to the depths;

the sailors cringed in terror.

27 They reeled and staggered like drunkards

and were at their wits’ end.

28 Lord, help!” they cried in their trouble,

and he saved them from their distress.

29 He calmed the storm to a whisper

and stilled the waves.

30 What a blessing was that stillness

as he brought them safely into harbor!

31 Let them praise the Lord for his great love

and for the wonderful things he has done for them.

32 Let them exalt him publicly before the congregation

and before the leaders of the nation.

33 He changes rivers into deserts,

and springs of water into dry, thirsty land.

34 He turns the fruitful land into salty wastelands,

because of the wickedness of those who live there.

35 But he also turns deserts into pools of water,

the dry land into springs of water.

36 He brings the hungry to settle there

and to build their cities.

37 They sow their fields, plant their vineyards,

and harvest their bumper crops.

38 How he blesses them!

They raise large families there,

and their herds of livestock increase.

39 When they decrease in number and become impoverished

through oppression, trouble, and sorrow,

40 the Lord pours contempt on their princes,

causing them to wander in trackless wastelands.

41 But he rescues the poor from trouble

and increases their families like flocks of sheep.

42 The godly will see these things and be glad,

while the wicked are struck silent.

43 Those who are wise will take all this to heart;

they will see in our history the faithful love of the Lord.

107 O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.

Let the redeemed of the Lord say so, whom he hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy;

And gathered them out of the lands, from the east, and from the west, from the north, and from the south.

They wandered in the wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell in.

Hungry and thirsty, their soul fainted in them.

Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble, and he delivered them out of their distresses.

And he led them forth by the right way, that they might go to a city of habitation.

Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!

For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.

10 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron;

11 Because they rebelled against the words of God, and contemned the counsel of the most High:

12 Therefore he brought down their heart with labour; they fell down, and there was none to help.

13 Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble, and he saved them out of their distresses.

14 He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands in sunder.

15 Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!

16 For he hath broken the gates of brass, and cut the bars of iron in sunder.

17 Fools because of their transgression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.

18 Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death.

19 Then they cry unto the Lord in their trouble, and he saveth them out of their distresses.

20 He sent his word, and healed them, and delivered them from their destructions.

21 Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!

22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.

23 They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters;

24 These see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the deep.

25 For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which lifteth up the waves thereof.

26 They mount up to the heaven, they go down again to the depths: their soul is melted because of trouble.

27 They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wit's end.

28 Then they cry unto the Lord in their trouble, and he bringeth them out of their distresses.

29 He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still.

30 Then are they glad because they be quiet; so he bringeth them unto their desired haven.

31 Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!

32 Let them exalt him also in the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly of the elders.

33 He turneth rivers into a wilderness, and the watersprings into dry ground;

34 A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.

35 He turneth the wilderness into a standing water, and dry ground into watersprings.

36 And there he maketh the hungry to dwell, that they may prepare a city for habitation;

37 And sow the fields, and plant vineyards, which may yield fruits of increase.

38 He blesseth them also, so that they are multiplied greatly; and suffereth not their cattle to decrease.

39 Again, they are minished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.

40 He poureth contempt upon princes, and causeth them to wander in the wilderness, where there is no way.

41 Yet setteth he the poor on high from affliction, and maketh him families like a flock.

42 The righteous shall see it, and rejoice: and all iniquity shall stop her mouth.

43 Whoso is wise, and will observe these things, even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the Lord.

Proverbs 15:1-3

15 A gentle answer1Ki 12:7; 2Ch 10:7 turns away wrath,Pr 25:15

but a harsh word stirs up anger.

The tongue of the wise adorns knowledge,ver 7; S Pr 10:31

but the mouth of the fool gushes folly.S Ps 59:7; Ecc 10:12

The eyesS 2Ch 16:9 of the Lord are everywhere,S Job 10:4; S 31:4; S Heb 4:13

keeping watch on the wicked and the good.S Job 34:21; Pr 5:21; Jer 16:17

15 A gentle answer deflects anger,

but harsh words make tempers flare.

The tongue of the wise makes knowledge appealing,

but the mouth of a fool belches out foolishness.

The Lord is watching everywhere,

keeping his eye on both the evil and the good.

15 A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger.

The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness.

The eyes of the Lord are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

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