Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

With these words, Jesus addressed His brothers who were pressuring Him to go to Jerusalem and perform miracles. They reasoned that anyone who wanted to be a public figure needed to go to the center of attention and promote himself. In their minds, Jesus had the greatest miracle show going and needed to advertise it!

Jesus countered His brothers' demands with a reference to His time. He was committed to waiting upon the Lord for the right time with regard to doors of ministry. Many Christians, however, are more like Jesus' brothers than like Him. They look at ministry like it's a business, and they grow frustrated if they or anyone else misses an opportunity.

Saul, too, had no sense of divine timing (1 Samuel 13:11-12). Instead of waiting for Samuel to make the sacrifice, he forced himself to offer it before the people began to scatter. This mistake of timing cost him his throne.

The great eagle digs his claws into the top of the rock and waits for the thermal winds. When they are blowing too hard to resist, he releases his talons and soars. His wings do not flap with exertion, but he effortlessly soars high. Wait for the Lord and His winds of opportunity. He will exalt you when the timing is perfect.

1 Samuel 12:1-13:23

Samuel’s Farewell Speech

12 Samuel said to all Israel, “I have listenedS 1Sa 8:7 to everything you said to me and have set a king1Sa 11:15 over you.Now you have a king as your leader.S 1Sa 8:5 As for me, I am old and gray, and my sons1Sa 8:3 are here with you. I have been your leader from my youth until this day.Here I stand. Testify against me in the presence of the Lord and his anointed.S 1Sa 9:16; 24:6; 26:9, 11; 2Sa 1:14; 19:21; Ps 105:15 Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkeyNu 16:15 have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whose hand have I accepted a bribeS Ex 18:21; S 1Sa 8:3 to make me shut my eyes? If I have doneEx 20:17; Ac 20:33 any of these things, I will make it right.”S Lev 25:14

“You have not cheated or oppressed us,” they replied. “You have not taken anything from anyone’s hand.”

Samuel said to them, “The Lord is witnessS Ge 31:50 against you, and also his anointed is witness this day, that you have not found anythingAc 23:9; 24:20 in my hand.Ex 22:4

“He is witness,” they said.

Then Samuel said to the people, “It is the Lord who appointed Moses and Aaron and broughtS Ex 3:10; Mic 6:4 your ancestors up out of Egypt.Now then, standS Jos 24:1 here, because I am going to confrontIsa 1:18; 3:14; Jer 2:9; 25:31; Eze 17:20; 20:35; Mic 6:1-5 you with evidence before the Lord as to all the righteous actsS Jdg 5:11 performed by the Lord for you and your ancestors.

“After JacobS Ge 46:6 entered Egypt, they criedS Ex 2:23 to the Lord for help, and the Lord sentS Ex 3:10; 4:16 Moses and Aaron, who brought your ancestors out of Egypt and settled them in this place.

“But they forgotS Dt 32:18; S Jdg 3:7 the Lord their God; so he sold themS Dt 32:30 into the hand of Sisera,Jdg 4:2 the commander of the army of Hazor,S Jos 11:1 and into the hands of the PhilistinesJdg 10:7 and the king of Moab,Jdg 3:12 who fought against them.10 They criedS Jdg 3:9 out to the Lord and said, ‘We have sinned; we have forsakenS 1Sa 8:8 the Lord and served the Baals and the Ashtoreths.S 1Sa 7:3 But now deliver us from the hands of our enemies, and we will serve you.’11 Then the Lord sent Jerub-Baal,Also called GideonJdg 6:32 Barak,Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew BedanS Jdg 4:6 JephthahS Jdg 11:1 and Samuel,Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac SamsonS 1Sa 7:15 and he delivered you from the hands of your enemies all around you, so that you lived in safety.

12 “But when you saw that NahashS 1Sa 11:1 kingS 1Sa 8:5 of the Ammonites was moving against you, you said to me, ‘No, we want a king to rule1Sa 25:30; 2Sa 5:2; 1Ch 5:2 over us’—even though the Lord your God was your king.13 Now here is the kingS 1Sa 8:5 you have chosen, the one you askedS 1Sa 9:20 for; see, the Lord has set a king over you.14 If you fearS Jos 24:14 the Lord and serve and obey him and do not rebelJer 4:17; La 1:18 against his commands, and if both you and the king who reigns over you follow the Lord your God—good!15 But if you do not obey the Lord, and if you rebel againstLev 26:16; Jos 24:20; Isa 1:20; Jer 4:17; 26:4 his commands, his hand will be against you, as it was against your ancestors.

16 “Now then, stand stillS Ex 14:14 and seeS Ex 14:13 this great thing the Lord is about to do before your eyes!17 Is it not wheat harvestS Ge 30:14; S 1Sa 6:13 now? I will call1Ki 18:42; Jas 5:18 on the Lord to send thunderS Ex 9:23; S 1Sa 2:10 and rain.Ge 7:12; Ex 9:18; Job 37:13; Pr 26:1 And you will realize what an evilS 1Sa 8:6-7 thing you did in the eyes of the Lord when you asked for a king.”

18 Then Samuel called on the Lord,Ps 99:6 and that same day the Lord sent thunder and rain. So all the people stood in aweS Ge 3:10; S Ex 14:31 of the Lord and of Samuel.

19 The people all said to Samuel, “PrayS Ex 8:8; S 1Sa 7:8; S Jer 37:3; Jas 5:18; 1Jn 5:16 to the Lord your God for your servants so that we will not die,S Dt 9:19 for we have added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king.”

20 “Do not be afraid,” Samuel replied. “You have done all this evil;S Ex 32:30 yet do not turn away from the Lord, but serve the Lord with all your heart.21 Do not turn away after uselessIsa 40:20; 41:24, 29; 44:9; Jer 2:5, 11; 14:22; 16:19; Jnh 2:8; Hab 2:18; Ac 14:15 idols.Dt 11:16 They can do you no good, nor can they rescue you, because they are useless.22 For the sakePs 25:11; 106:8; Isa 48:9, 11; Jer 14:7; Da 9:19 of his great nameS Jos 7:9; 2Sa 7:23; Jn 17:12 the Lord will not rejectS Lev 26:11; S Dt 31:6 his people, because the Lord was pleased to makeDt 7:7; 1Pe 2:9 you his own.23 As for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord by failing to prayS Nu 11:2; S 1Sa 1:20; S 7:8; Ro 1:9-10 for you. And I will teach1Ki 8:36; Ps 25:4; 34:11; 86:11; 94:12; Pr 4:11 you the way that is good and right.24 But be sure to fearDt 6:2; Ecc 12:13 the Lord and serve him faithfully with all your heart;Dt 6:5; S Jos 24:14 considerJob 34:27; Isa 5:12; 22:11; 26:10 what greatS Dt 10:21 things he has done for you.25 Yet if you persist1Sa 31:1-5 in doing evil, both you and your kingDt 28:36 will perish.”S Jos 24:20; S 1Ki 14:10

Samuel Rebukes Saul

13 Saul was thirtyA few late manuscripts of the Septuagint; Hebrew does not have thirty. years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-Probable reading of the original Hebrew text (see Acts 13:21); Masoretic Text does not have forty-. two years.

Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousandver 15 were with him at Mikmashver 5, 11, 23; Ne 11:31; Isa 10:28 and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at GibeahS Jdg 19:14 in Benjamin. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes.

Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpostS 1Sa 10:5 at Geba,S Jos 18:24 and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul had the trumpetS Lev 25:9; S Jdg 3:27 blown throughout the land and said, “Let the Hebrews hear!”So all Israel heard the news: “Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel has become obnoxiousS Ge 34:30 to the Philistines.” And the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.

The Philistines assembled1Sa 17:1 to fight Israel, with three thousandSome Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew thirty thousand chariots, six thousand charioteers, and soldiers as numerous as the sandS Jos 11:4; Rev 20:8 on the seashore. They went up and camped at Mikmash,S ver 2 east of Beth Aven.S Jos 7:2When the Israelites saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed, they hid1Sa 14:11, 22 in caves and thickets, among the rocks, and in pits and cisterns.S Jdg 6:2; Eze 33:27Some Hebrews even crossed the Jordan to the land of GadS Nu 32:33 and Gilead.

Saul remained at Gilgal, and all the troops with him were quakingS Ge 35:5; S Ex 19:16 with fear.He waited seven1Sa 10:8 days, the time set by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Saul’s men began to scatter.So he said, “Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings.” And Saul offeredDt 12:5-14; 2Sa 24:25; 1Ki 3:4 up the burnt offering.10 Just as he finished making the offering, Samuel1Sa 15:13 arrived, and Saul went out to greet1Sa 25:14 him.

11 “What have you done?” asked Samuel.

Saul replied, “When I saw that the men were scattering, and that you did not come at the set time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Mikmash,S ver 212 I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal,S Jos 10:43 and I have not sought the Lord’s favor.S Dt 4:29; Ps 119:58; Jer 26:19’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering.”

13 “You have done a foolish thing,2Ch 16:9” Samuel said. “You have not keptver 14; S Jos 22:16; 1Sa 15:23, 24; 2Sa 7:15; 1Ch 10:13 the command the Lord your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.Ps 72:514 But now your kingdom1Sa 15:28; 18:8; 24:20; 1Ch 10:14 will not endure; the Lord has sought out a man after his own heartAc 7:46; 13:22 and appointed2Sa 6:21 him ruler1Sa 25:30; 2Sa 5:2; Ps 18:43; Isa 16:5; 55:4; Jer 30:9; Eze 34:23-24; 37:24; Da 9:25; Hos 3:5; Mic 5:2 of his people, because you have not kept1Sa 15:26; 16:1; 2Sa 12:9; 1Ki 13:21; Hos 13:11 the Lord’s command.”

15 Then Samuel left GilgalHebrew; Septuagint Gilgal and went his way; the rest of the people went after Saul to meet the army, and they went out of Gilgal and went up to Gibeah1Sa 14:2 in Benjamin, and Saul counted the men who were with him. They numbered about six hundred.ver 2

Israel Without Weapons

16 Saul and his son Jonathan and the men with them were staying in GibeahTwo Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts Geba, a variant of GibeahS Jos 18:24 in Benjamin, while the Philistines camped at Mikmash.17 Raiding1Sa 14:15 parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward OphrahS Jos 18:23 in the vicinity of Shual,18 another toward Beth Horon,S Jos 10:10 and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of ZeboyimNe 11:34 facing the wilderness.

19 Not a blacksmithS Ge 4:22 could be found in the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, “Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!S Nu 25:720 So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plow points, mattocks, axes and sicklesSeptuagint; Hebrew plow points sharpened.21 The price was two-thirds of a shekelThat is, about 1/4 ounce or about 8 grams for sharpening plow points and mattocks, and a third of a shekelThat is, about 1/8 ounce or about 4 grams for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.

22 So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan1Ch 9:39 had a sword or spearS Nu 25:7; 1Sa 14:6; 17:47; Zec 4:6 in his hand; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

Jonathan Attacks the Philistines

23 Now a detachment of Philistines had gone out to the pass1Sa 14:4 at Mikmash.S ver 2

Samuel’s Farewell Address

12 Then Samuel addressed all Israel: “I have done as you asked and given you a king.Your king is now your leader. I stand here before you—an old, gray-haired man—and my sons serve you. I have served as your leader from the time I was a boy to this very day.Now testify against me in the presence of the Lord and before his anointed one. Whose ox or donkey have I stolen? Have I ever cheated any of you? Have I ever oppressed you? Have I ever taken a bribe and perverted justice? Tell me and I will make right whatever I have done wrong.”

“No,” they replied, “you have never cheated or oppressed us, and you have never taken even a single bribe.”

“The Lord and his anointed one are my witnesses today,” Samuel declared, “that my hands are clean.”

“Yes, he is a witness,” they replied.

“It was the Lord who appointed Moses and Aaron,” Samuel continued. “He brought your ancestors out of the land of Egypt.Now stand here quietly before the Lord as I remind you of all the great things the Lord has done for you and your ancestors.

“When the Israelites wereHebrew When Jacob was. The names “Jacob” and “Israel” are often interchanged throughout the Old Testament, referring sometimes to the individual patriarch and sometimes to the nation. in Egypt and cried out to the Lord, he sent Moses and Aaron to rescue them from Egypt and to bring them into this land.But the people soon forgot about the Lord their God, so he handed them over to Sisera, the commander of Hazor’s army, and also to the Philistines and to the king of Moab, who fought against them.

10 “Then they cried to the Lord again and confessed, ‘We have sinned by turning away from the Lord and worshiping the images of Baal and Ashtoreth. But we will worship you and you alone if you will rescue us from our enemies.’11 Then the Lord sent Gideon,Hebrew Jerub-baal, another name for Gideon; see Judg 6:32. Bedan,Greek and Syriac versions read Barak. Jephthah, and SamuelGreek and Syriac versions read Samson. to save you, and you lived in safety.

12 “But when you were afraid of Nahash, the king of Ammon, you came to me and said that you wanted a king to reign over you, even though the Lord your God was already your king.13 All right, here is the king you have chosen. You asked for him, and the Lord has granted your request.

14 “Now if you fear and worship the Lord and listen to his voice, and if you do not rebel against the Lord’s commands, then both you and your king will show that you recognize the Lord as your God.15 But if you rebel against the Lord’s commands and refuse to listen to him, then his hand will be as heavy upon you as it was upon your ancestors.

16 “Now stand here and see the great thing the Lord is about to do.17 You know that it does not rain at this time of the year during the wheat harvest. I will ask the Lord to send thunder and rain today. Then you will realize how wicked you have been in asking the Lord for a king!”

18 So Samuel called to the Lord, and the Lord sent thunder and rain that day. And all the people were terrified of the Lord and of Samuel.19 “Pray to the Lord your God for us, or we will die!” they all said to Samuel. “For now we have added to our sins by asking for a king.”

20 “Don’t be afraid,” Samuel reassured them. “You have certainly done wrong, but make sure now that you worship the Lord with all your heart, and don’t turn your back on him.21 Don’t go back to worshiping worthless idols that cannot help or rescue you—they are totally useless!22 The Lord will not abandon his people, because that would dishonor his great name. For it has pleased the Lord to make you his very own people.

23 “As for me, I will certainly not sin against the Lord by ending my prayers for you. And I will continue to teach you what is good and right.24 But be sure to fear the Lord and faithfully serve him. Think of all the wonderful things he has done for you.25 But if you continue to sin, you and your king will be swept away.”

Continued War with Philistia

13 Saul was thirtyAs in a few Greek manuscripts; the number is missing in the Hebrew. years old when he became king, and he reigned for forty-two years.Hebrew reigned . . . and two; the number is incomplete in the Hebrew. Compare Acts 13:21.

Saul selected 3,000 special troops from the army of Israel and sent the rest of the men home. He took 2,000 of the chosen men with him to Micmash and the hill country of Bethel. The other 1,000 went with Saul’s son Jonathan to Gibeah in the land of Benjamin.

Soon after this, Jonathan attacked and defeated the garrison of Philistines at Geba. The news spread quickly among the Philistines. So Saul blew the ram’s horn throughout the land, saying, “Hebrews, hear this! Rise up in revolt!”All Israel heard the news that Saul had destroyed the Philistine garrison at Geba and that the Philistines now hated the Israelites more than ever. So the entire Israelite army was summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.

The Philistines mustered a mighty army of 3,000As in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew reads 30,000. chariots, 6,000 charioteers, and as many warriors as the grains of sand on the seashore! They camped at Micmash east of Beth-aven.The men of Israel saw what a tight spot they were in; and because they were hard pressed by the enemy, they tried to hide in caves, thickets, rocks, holes, and cisterns.Some of them crossed the Jordan River and escaped into the land of Gad and Gilead.

Saul’s Disobedience and Samuel’s Rebuke

Meanwhile, Saul stayed at Gilgal, and his men were trembling with fear.Saul waited there seven days for Samuel, as Samuel had instructed him earlier, but Samuel still didn’t come. Saul realized that his troops were rapidly slipping away.So he demanded, “Bring me the burnt offering and the peace offerings!” And Saul sacrificed the burnt offering himself.

10 Just as Saul was finishing with the burnt offering, Samuel arrived. Saul went out to meet and welcome him,11 but Samuel said, “What is this you have done?”

Saul replied, “I saw my men scattering from me, and you didn’t arrive when you said you would, and the Philistines are at Micmash ready for battle.12 So I said, ‘The Philistines are ready to march against us at Gilgal, and I haven’t even asked for the Lord’s help!’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering myself before you came.”

13 “How foolish!” Samuel exclaimed. “You have not kept the command the Lord your God gave you. Had you kept it, the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.14 But now your kingdom must end, for the Lord has sought out a man after his own heart. The Lord has already appointed him to be the leader of his people, because you have not kept the Lord’s command.”

Israel’s Military Disadvantage

15 Samuel then left Gilgal and went on his way, but the rest of the troops went with Saul to meet the army. They went up from Gilgal to Gibeah in the land of Benjamin.As in Greek version; Hebrew reads Samuel then left Gilgal and went to Gibeah in the land of Benjamin. When Saul counted the men who were still with him, he found only 600 were left!16 Saul and Jonathan and the troops with them were staying at Geba in the land of Benjamin. The Philistines set up their camp at Micmash.17 Three raiding parties soon left the camp of the Philistines. One went north toward Ophrah in the land of Shual,18 another went west to Beth-horon, and the third moved toward the border above the valley of Zeboim near the wilderness.

19 There were no blacksmiths in the land of Israel in those days. The Philistines wouldn’t allow them for fear they would make swords and spears for the Hebrews.20 So whenever the Israelites needed to sharpen their plowshares, picks, axes, or sickles,As in Greek version; Hebrew reads or plowshares. they had to take them to a Philistine blacksmith.21 The charges were as follows: a quarter of an ounceHebrew 1 pim [8 grams]. of silver for sharpening a plowshare or a pick, and an eighth of an ounceHebrew 1⁄3 [of a shekel] [4 grams]. for sharpening an ax or making the point of an ox goad.22 So on the day of the battle none of the people of Israel had a sword or spear, except for Saul and Jonathan.

23 The pass at Micmash had meanwhile been secured by a contingent of the Philistine army.

12 And Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened unto your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you.

And now, behold, the king walketh before you: and I am old and grayheaded; and, behold, my sons are with you: and I have walked before you from my childhood unto this day.

Behold, here I am: witness against me before the Lord, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.

And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.

And he said unto them, The Lord is witness against you, and his anointed is witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my hand. And they answered, He is witness.

And Samuel said unto the people, It is the Lord that advanced Moses and Aaron, and that brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt.

Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the Lord of all the righteous acts of the Lord, which he did to you and to your fathers.

When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the Lord, then the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.

And when they forgat the Lord their God, he sold them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them.

10 And they cried unto the Lord, and said, We have sinned, because we have forsaken the Lord, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee.

11 And the Lord sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye dwelled safe.

12 And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us: when the Lord your God was your king.

13 Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have desired! and, behold, the Lord hath set a king over you.

14 If ye will fear the Lord, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth over you continue following the Lord your God:

15 But if ye will not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then shall the hand of the Lord be against you, as it was against your fathers.

16 Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the Lord will do before your eyes.

17 Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the Lord, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the Lord, in asking you a king.

18 So Samuel called unto the Lord; and the Lord sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the Lord and Samuel.

19 And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the Lord thy God, that we die not: for we have added unto all our sins this evil, to ask us a king.

20 And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done all this wickedness: yet turn not aside from following the Lord, but serve the Lord with all your heart;

21 And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain things, which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain.

22 For the Lord will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased the Lord to make you his people.

23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way:

24 Only fear the Lord, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he hath done for you.

25 But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be consumed, both ye and your king.

13 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,

Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.

And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.

And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.

And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.

When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.

And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.

10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.

11 And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash;

12 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the Lord: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.

13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the Lord thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the Lord have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.

14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the Lord hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the Lord commanded thee.

15 And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men.

16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.

17 And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:

18 And another company turned the way to Bethhoron: and another company turned to the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:

20 But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.

21 Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.

22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.

23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

John 7:1-30

Jesus Goes to the Festival of Tabernacles

After this, Jesus went around in Galilee. He did not wantSome manuscripts not have authority to go about in Judea because the Jewish leadersS Jn 1:19 there were looking for a way to kill him.ver 19, 25; S Mt 12:14But when the Jewish Festival of TabernaclesLev 23:34; Dt 16:16 was near,Jesus’ brothersS Mt 12:46 said to him, “Leave Galilee and go to Judea, so that your disciples there may see the works you do.No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world.”For even his own brothers did not believe in him.Ps 69:8; Mk 3:21

Therefore Jesus told them, “My timeS Mt 26:18 is not yet here; for you any time will do.The world cannot hate you, but it hates meJn 15:18, 19 because I testify that its works are evil.Jn 3:19, 20You go to the festival. I am notSome manuscripts not yet going up to this festival, because my timever 6; S Mt 26:18 has not yet fully come.”After he had said this, he stayed in Galilee.

10 However, after his brothers had left for the festival, he went also, not publicly, but in secret.11 Now at the festival the Jewish leaders were watching for JesusJn 11:56 and asking, “Where is he?”

12 Among the crowds there was widespread whispering about him. Some said, “He is a good man.”

Others replied, “No, he deceives the people.”ver 40, 4313 But no one would say anything publicly about him for fear of the leaders.Jn 9:22; 12:42; 19:38; 20:19

Jesus Teaches at the Festival

14 Not until halfway through the festival did Jesus go up to the temple courts and begin to teach.ver 28; S Mt 26:5515 The JewsS Jn 1:19 there were amazed and asked, “How did this man get such learningAc 26:24 without having been taught?”Mt 13:54

16 Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the one who sent me.S Jn 14:2417 Anyone who chooses to do the will of God will find outPs 25:14 whether my teaching comes from God or whether I speak on my own.18 Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory,Jn 5:41; 8:50, 54 but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him.19 Has not Moses given you the law?Dt 32:46; Jn 1:17 Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?”ver 1; S Mt 12:14

20 “You are demon-possessed,”S Mk 3:22 the crowd answered. “Who is trying to kill you?”

21 Jesus said to them, “I did one miracle,ver 23; Jn 5:2-9 and you are all amazed.22 Yet, because Moses gave you circumcisionLev 12:3 (though actually it did not come from Moses, but from the patriarchs),Ge 17:10-14 you circumcise a boy on the Sabbath.23 Now if a boy can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing a man’s whole body on the Sabbath?24 Stop judging by mere appearances, but instead judge correctly.”1Sa 16:7; Isa 11:3, 4; Jn 8:15; 2Co 10:7

Division Over Who Jesus Is

25 At that point some of the people of Jerusalem began to ask, “Isn’t this the man they are trying to kill?ver 1; S Mt 12:1426 Here he is, speaking publicly, and they are not saying a word to him. Have the authoritiesver 48 really concluded that he is the Messiah?Jn 4:2927 But we know where this man is from;Mt 13:55; Lk 4:22; Jn 6:42 when the Messiah comes, no one will know where he is from.”

28 Then Jesus, still teaching in the temple courts,ver 14 cried out, “Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from.Jn 8:14 I am not here on my own authority, but he who sent me is true.Jn 8:26, 42 You do not know him,29 but I know himS Mt 11:27 because I am from him and he sent me.”S Jn 3:17

30 At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him,ver 32, 44; Jn 10:39 because his hour had not yet come.S Mt 26:18

Jesus and His Brothers

After this, Jesus traveled around Galilee. He wanted to stay out of Judea, where the Jewish leaders were plotting his death.But soon it was time for the Jewish Festival of Shelters,and Jesus’ brothers said to him, “Leave here and go to Judea, where your followers can see your miracles!You can’t become famous if you hide like this! If you can do such wonderful things, show yourself to the world!”For even his brothers didn’t believe in him.

Jesus replied, “Now is not the right time for me to go, but you can go anytime.The world can’t hate you, but it does hate me because I accuse it of doing evil.You go on. I’m not goingSome manuscripts read not yet going. to this festival, because my time has not yet come.”After saying these things, Jesus remained in Galilee.

Jesus Teaches Openly at the Temple

10 But after his brothers left for the festival, Jesus also went, though secretly, staying out of public view.11 The Jewish leaders tried to find him at the festival and kept asking if anyone had seen him.12 There was a lot of grumbling about him among the crowds. Some argued, “He’s a good man,” but others said, “He’s nothing but a fraud who deceives the people.”13 But no one had the courage to speak favorably about him in public, for they were afraid of getting in trouble with the Jewish leaders.

14 Then, midway through the festival, Jesus went up to the Temple and began to teach.15 The peopleGreek Jewish people. were surprised when they heard him. “How does he know so much when he hasn’t been trained?” they asked.

16 So Jesus told them, “My message is not my own; it comes from God who sent me.17 Anyone who wants to do the will of God will know whether my teaching is from God or is merely my own.18 Those who speak for themselves want glory only for themselves, but a person who seeks to honor the one who sent him speaks truth, not lies.19 Moses gave you the law, but none of you obeys it! In fact, you are trying to kill me.”

20 The crowd replied, “You’re demon possessed! Who’s trying to kill you?”

21 Jesus replied, “I did one miracle on the Sabbath, and you were amazed.22 But you work on the Sabbath, too, when you obey Moses’ law of circumcision. (Actually, this tradition of circumcision began with the patriarchs, long before the law of Moses.)23 For if the correct time for circumcising your son falls on the Sabbath, you go ahead and do it so as not to break the law of Moses. So why should you be angry with me for healing a man on the Sabbath?24 Look beneath the surface so you can judge correctly.”

Is Jesus the Messiah?

25 Some of the people who lived in Jerusalem started to ask each other, “Isn’t this the man they are trying to kill?26 But here he is, speaking in public, and they say nothing to him. Could our leaders possibly believe that he is the Messiah?27 But how could he be? For we know where this man comes from. When the Messiah comes, he will simply appear; no one will know where he comes from.”

28 While Jesus was teaching in the Temple, he called out, “Yes, you know me, and you know where I come from. But I’m not here on my own. The one who sent me is true, and you don’t know him.29 But I know him because I come from him, and he sent me to you.”30 Then the leaders tried to arrest him; but no one laid a hand on him, because his timeGreek his hour. had not yet come.

After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for he would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him.

Now the Jew's feast of tabernacles was at hand.

His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart hence, and go into Judaea, that thy disciples also may see the works that thou doest.

For there is no man that doeth any thing in secret, and he himself seeketh to be known openly. If thou do these things, shew thyself to the world.

For neither did his brethren believe in him.

Then Jesus said unto them, My time is not yet come: but your time is alway ready.

The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.

Go ye up unto this feast: I go not up yet unto this feast: for my time is not yet full come.

When he had said these words unto them, he abode still in Galilee.

10 But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret.

11 Then the Jews sought him at the feast, and said, Where is he?

12 And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him: for some said, He is a good man: others said, Nay; but he deceiveth the people.

13 Howbeit no man spake openly of him for fear of the Jews.

14 Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught.

15 And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never learned?

16 Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.

17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself.

18 He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.

19 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?

20 The people answered and said, Thou hast a devil: who goeth about to kill thee?

21 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one work, and ye all marvel.

22 Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man.

23 If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day?

24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.

25 Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this he, whom they seek to kill?

26 But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ?

27 Howbeit we know this man whence he is: but when Christ cometh, no man knoweth whence he is.

28 Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not.

29 But I know him: for I am from him, and he hath sent me.

30 Then they sought to take him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet come.

Psalm 108:1-13

Psalm 108In Hebrew texts 108:1-13 is numbered 108:2-14.108:1-5pp — Ps 57:7-11108:6-13pp — Ps 60:5-12

A song. A psalm of David.

My heart, O God, is steadfast;Ps 112:7; 119:30, 112

I will singS Ps 18:49 and make music with all my soul.

Awake, harp and lyre!S Job 21:12

I will awaken the dawn.

I will praise you, Lord, among the nations;

I will sing of you among the peoples.

For great is your love,Nu 14:18; Ps 106:45 higher than the heavens;

your faithfulnessS Ex 34:6 reaches to the skies.S Ps 36:5

Be exalted, O God, above the heavens;S Ps 8:1

let your glory be over all the earth.S Ps 57:5

Save us and help us with your right hand,S Job 40:14

that those you love may be delivered.

God has spokenPs 89:35 from his sanctuary:Ps 68:35; 102:19

“In triumph I will parcel out ShechemS Ge 12:6

and measure off the Valley of Sukkoth.S Ge 33:17

Gilead is mine, Manasseh is mine;

Ephraim is my helmet,

JudahS Ps 78:68 is my scepter.

MoabS Ge 19:37 is my washbasin,

on EdomS 2Sa 8:13-14 I toss my sandal;

over PhilistiaS 2Sa 8:1 I shout in triumph.”

10 Who will bring me to the fortified city?

Who will lead me to Edom?

11 Is it not you, God, you who have rejected us

and no longer go out with our armies?S Ps 44:9

12 Give us aid against the enemy,

for human help is worthless.Ps 118:8; 146:3; Isa 10:3; 30:5; 31:3; Jer 2:36; 17:5

13 With God we will gain the victory,

and he will trample downPs 44:5; Isa 22:5; 63:3, 6 our enemies.

Psalm 108

A song. A psalm of David.

My heart is confident in you, O God;

no wonder I can sing your praises with all my heart!

Wake up, lyre and harp!

I will wake the dawn with my song.

I will thank you, Lord, among all the people.

I will sing your praises among the nations.

For your unfailing love is higher than the heavens.

Your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.

Be exalted, O God, above the highest heavens.

May your glory shine over all the earth.

Now rescue your beloved people.

Answer and save us by your power.

God has promised this by his holinessOr in his sanctuary.:

“I will divide up Shechem with joy.

I will measure out the valley of Succoth.

Gilead is mine,

and Manasseh, too.

Ephraim, my helmet, will produce my warriors,

and Judah, my scepter, will produce my kings.

But Moab, my washbasin, will become my servant,

and I will wipe my feet on Edom

and shout in triumph over Philistia.”

10 Who will bring me into the fortified city?

Who will bring me victory over Edom?

11 Have you rejected us, O God?

Will you no longer march with our armies?

12 Oh, please help us against our enemies,

for all human help is useless.

13 With God’s help we will do mighty things,

for he will trample down our foes.

108 O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory.

Awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early.

I will praise thee, O Lord, among the people: and I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.

For thy mercy is great above the heavens: and thy truth reacheth unto the clouds.

Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth;

That thy beloved may be delivered: save with thy right hand, and answer me.

God hath spoken in his holiness; I will rejoice, I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.

Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver;

Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph.

10 Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?

11 Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off? and wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts?

12 Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man.

13 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.

Proverbs 15:4

The soothing tongueS Ps 5:9 is a tree of life,S Pr 10:11

but a perverse tongue crushes the spirit.Pr 12:18

Gentle words are a tree of life;

a deceitful tongue crushes the spirit.

A wholesome tongue is a tree of life: but perverseness therein is a breach in the spirit.

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