Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Jesus described the devil as a murderer from the beginning of time, and this description also serves to illustrate the life of King Saul. When an evil spirit came upon Saul to possess him, he was overwhelmed with thoughts of envy and murder toward David. Time after time he tried to destroy David, even attempting to pin him to the wall with a spear (1 Samuel 18:10-11).

Satan is envious of believers because they have replaced him as worshipers and sons of God. His hatred for humankind knows no bounds. He always seeks "to steal and kill and destroy" (John 10:10), and He wants to destroy you!

Jesus said that the devil is a liar and the father of lies. Saul lied to David and told him he wanted to give his older daughter Merab in marriage to him. In fact, he wanted David killed by the Philistines (1 Samuel 18:17). David's innocence, however, was his protection. The Lord sent the Holy Spirit to knock to the ground the soldiers who chased David. Even Saul himself was knocked to the ground (19:23-24).

Let us rejoice that even though Satan attacks with lies and murderous intents, the Holy Spirit can render our enemies harmless. We will fulfill our purposes in God!

1 Samuel 18:5-19:24

Whatever mission Saul sent him on, David was so successfulver 30 that Saul gave him a high rank in the army.2Sa 5:2 This pleased all the troops, and Saul’s officers as well.

When the men were returning home after David had killed the Philistine, the women came out from all the towns of Israel to meet King Saul with singing and dancing,S Ex 15:20; 2Sa 1:20 with joyful songs and with timbrelsPs 68:25 and lyres.As they danced, they sang:Ex 15:21

“Saul has slain his thousands,

and David his tens1Sa 21:11; 29:5; 2Sa 18:3 of thousands.”

Saul was very angry; this refrain displeased him greatly. “They have credited David with tens of thousands,” he thought, “but me with only thousands. What more can he get but the kingdom?S 1Sa 13:14; 1Sa 15:8And from that time on Saul kept a close1Sa 19:1 eye on David.

10 The next day an evilOr a harmful spiritS Jdg 9:23; S 1Sa 16:14 from God came forcefully on Saul. He was prophesying in his house, while David was playing the lyre,S 1Sa 10:5 as he usually1Sa 16:21; 19:7 did. Saul had a spearS 1Sa 17:6 in his hand11 and he hurled it, saying to himself,ver 25; 1Sa 20:7, 33 “I’ll pin David to the wall.” But David eluded1Sa 19:10 him twice.Ps 132:1

12 Saul was afraidver 29 of David, because the Lord1Sa 16:13 was withJos 1:5; 1Sa 17:37; 20:13; 1Ch 22:11 David but had departed fromS Jdg 16:20 Saul.13 So he sent David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David ledNu 27:17 the troops in their campaigns.2Sa 5:214 In everything he did he had great success,S Ge 39:3 because the Lord was withS Ge 39:2; S Nu 14:43; 2Sa 7:9 him.15 When Saul saw how successful he was, he was afraid of him.16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them in their campaigns.2Sa 5:2

17 Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter1Sa 17:25 Merab. I will give her to you in marriage;S Ge 29:26 only serve me bravely and fight the battlesS Nu 21:14 of the Lord.” For Saul said to himself,ver 25; 1Sa 20:33 “I will not raise a hand against him. Let the Philistines do that!”

18 But David said to Saul, “Who am I,S Ex 3:11; S 1Sa 9:21 and what is my family or my clan in Israel, that I should become the king’s son-in-law?ver 2319 SoOr However, when the time came for Merab,2Sa 21:8 Saul’s daughter, to be given to David, she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah.S Jdg 7:22

20 Now Saul’s daughter Michalver 28; S Ge 29:26 was in love with David, and when they told Saul about it, he was pleased.ver 2921 “I will give her to him,” he thought, “so that she may be a snareS Ex 10:7; S Dt 7:16 to him and so that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” So Saul said to David, “Now you have a second opportunity to become my son-in-law.”

22 Then Saul ordered his attendants: “Speak to David privately and say, ‘Look, the king likes you, and his attendants all love you; now become his son-in-law.’”

23 They repeated these words to David. But David said, “Do you think it is a small matter to become the king’s son-in-law?ver 18 I’m only a poor man and little known.”

24 When Saul’s servants told him what David had said,25 Saul replied, “Say to David, ‘The king wants no other priceS Ge 34:12 for the bride than a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revengePs 8:2; 44:16; Jer 20:10 on his enemies.’” Saul’s planS ver 11,S 17; ver 17 was to have David fall by the hands of the Philistines.

26 When the attendants told David these things, he was pleased to become the king’s son-in-law. So before the allotted time elapsed,27 David took his men with him and went out and killed two hundred Philistines and brought back their foreskins. They counted out the full number to the king so that David might become the king’s son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal2Sa 3:14; 6:16 in marriage.

28 When Saul realized that the Lord was with David and that his daughter MichalS ver 20 loved David,29 Saul became still more afraidver 12 of him, and he remained his enemy the rest of his days.

30 The Philistine commanders continued to go out to battle, and as often as they did, David met with more successver 5 than the rest of Saul’s officers, and his name became well known.

Saul Tries to Kill David

19 Saul told his son JonathanS 1Sa 18:1 and all the attendants to kill1Sa 18:9 David. But Jonathan had taken a great liking to Davidand warned him, “My father Saul is looking for a chance to kill you. Be on your guard tomorrow morning; go into hiding1Sa 20:5, 19 and stay there.I will go out and stand with my father in the field where you are. I’ll speak1Sa 20:12 to him about you and will tell you what I find out.”

Jonathan spoke1Sa 20:32; 22:14; Pr 31:8, 9; Jer 18:20 well of David to Saul his father and said to him, “Let not the king do wrong1Sa 25:21; Pr 17:13 to his servant David; he has not wronged you, and what he has done has benefited you greatly.He took his lifeS Jdg 9:17; S 12:3 in his hands when he killed the Philistine. The Lord won a great victoryS 1Sa 11:13 for all Israel, and you saw it and were glad. Why then would you do wrong to an innocentS Ge 31:36; Dt 19:10-13 man like David by killing him for no reason?”

Saul listened to Jonathan and took this oath: “As surely as the Lord lives, David will not be put to death.”

So Jonathan called David and told him the whole conversation. He brought him to Saul, and David was with Saul as before.S 1Sa 18:2, 13

Once more war broke out, and David went out and fought the Philistines. He struck them with such force that they fled before him.

But an evilOr But a harmful spiritS Jdg 9:23 from the Lord came on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. While David was playing the lyre,S 1Sa 10:510 Saul tried to pin him to the wall with his spear, but David eluded1Sa 18:11 him as Saul drove the spear into the wall. That night David made good his escape.

11 Saul sent men to David’s house to watchPs 59 Title it and to kill him in the morning.Jdg 16:2 But Michal, David’s wife, warned him, “If you don’t run for your life tonight, tomorrow you’ll be killed.”12 So Michal let David down through a window,S Jos 2:15; Ac 9:25; 2Co 11:33 and he fled and escaped.13 Then Michal took an idolS Ge 31:19 and laid it on the bed, covering it with a garment and putting some goats’ hair at the head.

14 When Saul sent the men to capture David, Michal said,S Ex 1:19; Jos 2:4 “He is ill.”

15 Then Saul sent the men back to see David and told them, “Bring him up to me in his bed so that I may kill him.”16 But when the men entered, there was the idol in the bed, and at the head was some goats’ hair.

17 Saul said to Michal, “Why did you deceive me like this and send my enemy away so that he escaped?”

Michal told him, “He said to me, ‘Let me get away. Why should I kill you?’”

18 When David had fled and made his escape, he went to Samuel at RamahS 1Sa 7:17 and told him all that Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel went to Naioth and stayed there.19 Word came to Saul: “David is in Naioth at Ramah”;20 so he sent men to capture him. But when they saw a group of prophetsS Nu 11:29 prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came onS Nu 11:25 Saul’s men, and they also prophesied.S 1Sa 10:521 Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. Saul sent men a third time, and they also prophesied.22 Finally, he himself left for Ramah and went to the great cistern at Seku. And he asked, “Where are Samuel and David?”

“Over in Naioth at Ramah,” they said.

23 So Saul went to Naioth at Ramah. But the Spirit of God came even on him, and he walked along prophesying1Sa 10:13 until he came to Naioth.24 He stripped2Sa 6:20; Isa 20:2 off his garments, and he too prophesied in Samuel’s1Sa 15:35 presence. He lay naked all that day and all that night. This is why people say, “Is Saul also among the prophets?”S 1Sa 10:11

Whatever Saul asked David to do, David did it successfully. So Saul made him a commander over the men of war, an appointment that was welcomed by the people and Saul’s officers alike.

When the victorious Israelite army was returning home after David had killed the Philistine, women from all the towns of Israel came out to meet King Saul. They sang and danced for joy with tambourines and cymbals.The type of instrument represented by the word cymbals is uncertain.This was their song:

“Saul has killed his thousands,

and David his ten thousands!”

This made Saul very angry. “What’s this?” he said. “They credit David with ten thousands and me with only thousands. Next they’ll be making him their king!”So from that time on Saul kept a jealous eye on David.

10 The very next day a tormenting spiritOr an evil spirit. from God overwhelmed Saul, and he began to rave in his house like a madman. David was playing the harp, as he did each day. But Saul had a spear in his hand,11 and he suddenly hurled it at David, intending to pin him to the wall. But David escaped him twice.

12 Saul was then afraid of David, for the Lord was with David and had turned away from Saul.13 Finally, Saul sent him away and appointed him commander over 1,000 men, and David faithfully led his troops into battle.

14 David continued to succeed in everything he did, for the Lord was with him.15 When Saul recognized this, he became even more afraid of him.16 But all Israel and Judah loved David because he was so successful at leading his troops into battle.

David Marries Saul’s Daughter

17 One day Saul said to David, “I am ready to give you my older daughter, Merab, as your wife. But first you must prove yourself to be a real warrior by fighting the Lord’s battles.” For Saul thought, “I’ll send him out against the Philistines and let them kill him rather than doing it myself.”

18 “Who am I, and what is my family in Israel that I should be the king’s son-in-law?” David exclaimed. “My father’s family is nothing!”19 SoOr But. when the time came for Saul to give his daughter Merab in marriage to David, he gave her instead to Adriel, a man from Meholah.

20 In the meantime, Saul’s daughter Michal had fallen in love with David, and Saul was delighted when he heard about it.21 “Here’s another chance to see him killed by the Philistines!” Saul said to himself. But to David he said, “Today you have a second chance to become my son-in-law!”

22 Then Saul told his men to say to David, “The king really likes you, and so do we. Why don’t you accept the king’s offer and become his son-in-law?”

23 When Saul’s men said these things to David, he replied, “How can a poor man from a humble family afford the bride price for the daughter of a king?”

24 When Saul’s men reported this back to the king,25 he told them, “Tell David that all I want for the bride price is 100 Philistine foreskins! Vengeance on my enemies is all I really want.” But what Saul had in mind was that David would be killed in the fight.

26 David was delighted to accept the offer. Before the time limit expired,27 he and his men went out and killed 200 Philistines. Then David fulfilled the king’s requirement by presenting all their foreskins to him. So Saul gave his daughter Michal to David to be his wife.

28 When Saul realized that the Lord was with David and how much his daughter Michal loved him,29 Saul became even more afraid of him, and he remained David’s enemy for the rest of his life.

30 Every time the commanders of the Philistines attacked, David was more successful against them than all the rest of Saul’s officers. So David’s name became very famous.

Saul Tries to Kill David

19 Saul now urged his servants and his son Jonathan to assassinate David. But Jonathan, because of his strong affection for David,told him what his father was planning. “Tomorrow morning,” he warned him, “you must find a hiding place out in the fields.I’ll ask my father to go out there with me, and I’ll talk to him about you. Then I’ll tell you everything I can find out.”

The next morning Jonathan spoke with his father about David, saying many good things about him. “The king must not sin against his servant David,” Jonathan said. “He’s never done anything to harm you. He has always helped you in any way he could.Have you forgotten about the time he risked his life to kill the Philistine giant and how the Lord brought a great victory to all Israel as a result? You were certainly happy about it then. Why should you murder an innocent man like David? There is no reason for it at all!”

So Saul listened to Jonathan and vowed, “As surely as the Lord lives, David will not be killed.”

Afterward Jonathan called David and told him what had happened. Then he brought David to Saul, and David served in the court as before.

War broke out again after that, and David led his troops against the Philistines. He attacked them with such fury that they all ran away.

But one day when Saul was sitting at home, with spear in hand, the tormenting spiritOr evil spirit. from the Lord suddenly came upon him again. As David played his harp,10 Saul hurled his spear at David. But David dodged out of the way, and leaving the spear stuck in the wall, he fled and escaped into the night.

Michal Saves David’s Life

11 Then Saul sent troops to watch David’s house. They were told to kill David when he came out the next morning. But Michal, David’s wife, warned him, “If you don’t escape tonight, you will be dead by morning.”12 So she helped him climb out through a window, and he fled and escaped.13 Then she took an idolHebrew teraphim; also in 19:16. and put it in his bed, covered it with blankets, and put a cushion of goat’s hair at its head.

14 When the troops came to arrest David, she told them he was sick and couldn’t get out of bed.

15 But Saul sent the troops back to get David. He ordered, “Bring him to me in his bed so I can kill him!”16 But when they came to carry David out, they discovered that it was only an idol in the bed with a cushion of goat’s hair at its head.

17 “Why have you betrayed me like this and let my enemy escape?” Saul demanded of Michal.

“I had to,” Michal replied. “He threatened to kill me if I didn’t help him.”

18 So David escaped and went to Ramah to see Samuel, and he told him all that Saul had done to him. Then Samuel took David with him to live at Naioth.19 When the report reached Saul that David was at Naioth in Ramah,20 he sent troops to capture him. But when they arrived and saw Samuel leading a group of prophets who were prophesying, the Spirit of God came upon Saul’s men, and they also began to prophesy.21 When Saul heard what had happened, he sent other troops, but they, too, prophesied! The same thing happened a third time.22 Finally, Saul himself went to Ramah and arrived at the great well in Secu. “Where are Samuel and David?” he demanded.

“They are at Naioth in Ramah,” someone told him.

23 But on the way to Naioth in Ramah the Spirit of God came even upon Saul, and he, too, began to prophesy all the way to Naioth!24 He tore off his clothes and lay naked on the ground all day and all night, prophesying in the presence of Samuel. The people who were watching exclaimed, “What? Is even Saul a prophet?”

And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants.

And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick.

And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.

And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom?

And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

10 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand.

11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the Lord was with him, and was departed from Saul.

13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the Lord was with him.

15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.

16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.

17 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the Lord's battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.

18 And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my father's family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king?

19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.

21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in the one of the twain.

22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son in law.

23 And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's son in law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?

24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David.

25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.

26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son in law: and the days were not expired.

27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.

28 And Saul saw and knew that the Lord was with David, and that Michal Saul's daughter loved him.

29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David's enemy continually.

30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.

19 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.

But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself:

And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see, that I will tell thee.

And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good:

For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the Lord wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?

And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul sware, As the Lord liveth, he shall not be slain.

And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan shewed him all those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence, as in times past.

And there was war again: and David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled from him.

And the evil spirit from the Lord was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

10 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin: but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night.

11 Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.

12 So Michal let David down through a window: and he went, and fled, and escaped.

13 And Michal took an image, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster, and covered it with a cloth.

14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick.

15 And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him.

16 And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was an image in the bed, with a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster.

17 And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee?

18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth.

19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah.

20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.

21 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also.

22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah.

23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.

24 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?

John 8:31-59

Dispute Over Whose Children Jesus’ Opponents Are

31 To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, “If you hold to my teaching,Jn 15:7; 2Jn 9 you are really my disciples.32 Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”ver 36; Ro 8:2; 2Co 3:17; Gal 5:1, 13

33 They answered him, “We are Abraham’s descendantsver 37, 39; S Lk 3:8 and have never been slaves of anyone. How can you say that we shall be set free?”

34 Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin.S Ro 6:1635 Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever.Gal 4:3036 So if the Son sets you free,ver 32 you will be free indeed.37 I know that you are Abraham’s descendants. Yet you are looking for a way to kill me,ver 39, 40 because you have no room for my word.38 I am telling you what I have seen in the Father’s presence,Jn 5:19, 30; 14:10, 24 and you are doing what you have heard from your father.Or presence. Therefore do what you have heard from the Father.ver 41, 44

39 “Abraham is our father,” they answered.

“If you were Abraham’s children,”ver 37; S Lk 3:8 said Jesus, “then you wouldSome early manuscripts “If you are Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then do what Abraham did.40 As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me,S Mt 12:14 a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God.ver 26 Abraham did not do such things.41 You are doing the works of your own father.”ver 38, 44

“We are not illegitimate children,” they protested. “The only Father we have is God himself.”Isa 63:16; 64:8

42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me,1Jn 5:1 for I have come here from God.S Jn 13:3 I have not come on my own;Jn 7:28 God sent me.S Jn 3:1743 Why is my language not clear to you? Because you are unable to hear what I say.44 You belong to your father, the devil,1Jn 3:8 and you want to carry out your father’s desires.ver 38, 41 He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.Ge 3:4; 4:9; 2Ch 18:21; Ps 5:6; 12:245 Yet because I tell the truth,Jn 18:37 you do not believe me!46 Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me?47 Whoever belongs to God hears what God says.Jn 18:37; 1Jn 4:6 The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.”

Jesus’ Claims About Himself

48 The Jews answered him, “Aren’t we right in saying that you are a SamaritanS Mt 10:5 and demon-possessed?”ver 52; S Mk 3:22

49 “I am not possessed by a demon,” said Jesus, “but I honor my Father and you dishonor me.50 I am not seeking glory for myself;ver 54; Jn 5:41 but there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge.51 Very truly I tell you, whoever obeys my word will never see death.”Jn 11:26

52 At this they exclaimed, “Now we know that you are demon-possessed!ver 48; S Mk 3:22 Abraham died and so did the prophets, yet you say that whoever obeys your word will never taste death.53 Are you greater than our father Abraham?ver 39; Jn 4:12 He died, and so did the prophets. Who do you think you are?”

54 Jesus replied, “If I glorify myself,ver 50 my glory means nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies me.Jn 16:14; 17:1, 555 Though you do not know him,ver 19 I know him.Jn 7:28, 29 If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and obey his word.Jn 15:1056 Your father Abrahamver 37, 39; Ge 18:18 rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw itS Mt 13:17 and was glad.”

57 “You are not yet fifty years old,” they said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!”

58 “Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born,S Jn 1:2 I am!”Ex 3:14; 6:359 At this, they picked up stones to stone him,Ex 17:4; Lev 24:16; 1Sa 30:6; Jn 10:31; 11:8 but Jesus hid himself,Jn 12:36 slipping away from the temple grounds.

Jesus and Abraham

31 Jesus said to the people who believed in him, “You are truly my disciples if you remain faithful to my teachings.32 And you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”

33 “But we are descendants of Abraham,” they said. “We have never been slaves to anyone. What do you mean, ‘You will be set free’?”

34 Jesus replied, “I tell you the truth, everyone who sins is a slave of sin.35 A slave is not a permanent member of the family, but a son is part of the family forever.36 So if the Son sets you free, you are truly free.37 Yes, I realize that you are descendants of Abraham. And yet some of you are trying to kill me because there’s no room in your hearts for my message.38 I am telling you what I saw when I was with my Father. But you are following the advice of your father.”

39 “Our father is Abraham!” they declared.

“No,” Jesus replied, “for if you were really the children of Abraham, you would follow his example.Some manuscripts read if you are really the children of Abraham, follow his example.40 Instead, you are trying to kill me because I told you the truth, which I heard from God. Abraham never did such a thing.41 No, you are imitating your real father.”

They replied, “We aren’t illegitimate children! God himself is our true Father.”

42 Jesus told them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, because I have come to you from God. I am not here on my own, but he sent me.43 Why can’t you understand what I am saying? It’s because you can’t even hear me!44 For you are the children of your father the devil, and you love to do the evil things he does. He was a murderer from the beginning. He has always hated the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, it is consistent with his character; for he is a liar and the father of lies.45 So when I tell the truth, you just naturally don’t believe me!46 Which of you can truthfully accuse me of sin? And since I am telling you the truth, why don’t you believe me?47 Anyone who belongs to God listens gladly to the words of God. But you don’t listen because you don’t belong to God.”

48 The people retorted, “You Samaritan devil! Didn’t we say all along that you were possessed by a demon?”

49 “No,” Jesus said, “I have no demon in me. For I honor my Father—and you dishonor me.50 And though I have no wish to glorify myself, God is going to glorify me. He is the true judge.51 I tell you the truth, anyone who obeys my teaching will never die!”

52 The people said, “Now we know you are possessed by a demon. Even Abraham and the prophets died, but you say, ‘Anyone who obeys my teaching will never die!’53 Are you greater than our father Abraham? He died, and so did the prophets. Who do you think you are?”

54 Jesus answered, “If I want glory for myself, it doesn’t count. But it is my Father who will glorify me. You say, ‘He is our God,’Some manuscripts read You say he is your God.55 but you don’t even know him. I know him. If I said otherwise, I would be as great a liar as you! But I do know him and obey him.56 Your father Abraham rejoiced as he looked forward to my coming. He saw it and was glad.”

57 The people said, “You aren’t even fifty years old. How can you say you have seen Abraham?Some manuscripts read How can you say Abraham has seen you?

58 Jesus answered, “I tell you the truth, before Abraham was even born, I am!Or before Abraham was even born, I have always been alive; Greek reads before Abraham was, I am. See Exod 3:14.59 At that point they picked up stones to throw at him. But Jesus was hidden from them and left the Temple.

31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;

32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

33 They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?

34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.

35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever.

36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

37 I know that ye are Abraham's seed; but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you.

38 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father.

39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham.

40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.

41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.

42 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.

43 Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word.

44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.

46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?

47 He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God.

48 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?

49 Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me.

50 And I seek not mine own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth.

51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.

52 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death.

53 Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself?

54 Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God:

55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.

56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?

58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.

Psalm 112:1-10

Psalm 112This psalm is an acrostic poem, the lines of which begin with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet.

Praise the Lord.Hebrew Hallelu YahPs 33:2; 103:1; 150:1

Blessed are thosePs 1:1-2 who fear the Lord,S Job 1:8; Ps 103:11; 115:13; 128:1

who find great delightS Ps 1:2; 119:14, 16, 47, 92 in his commands.

Their childrenPs 25:13; 37:26; 128:2-4 will be mighty in the land;

the generation of the upright will be blessed.

Wealth and richesS Dt 8:18 are in their houses,

and their righteousness enduresS Ps 37:6; S 111:3 forever.

Even in darkness light dawnsS Ps 18:28 for the upright,

for those who are gracious and compassionate and righteous.Ps 5:12

Good will come to those who are generous and lend freely,S Ps 37:21, 26; Lk 6:35

who conduct their affairs with justice.

Surely the righteous will never be shaken;S Ps 15:5; S 55:22

they will be rememberedPr 10:7; Ecc 2:16 forever.

They will have no fear of bad news;

their hearts are steadfast,Ps 57:7; 108:1 trusting in the Lord.S Ps 28:7; 56:3-4; S Isa 12:2

Their hearts are secure, they will have no fear;Ps 3:6; 27:1; 56:11; Pr 1:33; Isa 12:2

in the end they will look in triumph on their foes.S Ps 54:7

They have freely scattered their gifts to the poor,Lk 19:8; Ac 9:36; 2Co 9:9*

their righteousness enduresS Ps 111:3 forever;

their hornHorn here symbolizes dignity. will be liftedS Ps 75:10 high in honor.

10 The wicked will seePs 86:17 and be vexed,

they will gnash their teethS Ps 37:12; S Mt 8:12 and waste away;S Ps 34:21

the longings of the wicked will come to nothing.S Job 8:13

Psalm 112This psalm is a Hebrew acrostic poem; after the introductory note of praise, each line begins with a successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

Praise the Lord!

How joyful are those who fear the Lord

and delight in obeying his commands.

Their children will be successful everywhere;

an entire generation of godly people will be blessed.

They themselves will be wealthy,

and their good deeds will last forever.

Light shines in the darkness for the godly.

They are generous, compassionate, and righteous.

Good comes to those who lend money generously

and conduct their business fairly.

Such people will not be overcome by evil.

Those who are righteous will be long remembered.

They do not fear bad news;

they confidently trust the Lord to care for them.

They are confident and fearless

and can face their foes triumphantly.

They share freely and give generously to those in need.

Their good deeds will be remembered forever.

They will have influence and honor.

10 The wicked will see this and be infuriated.

They will grind their teeth in anger;

they will slink away, their hopes thwarted.

112 Praise ye the Lord. Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord, that delighteth greatly in his commandments.

His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the upright shall be blessed.

Wealth and riches shall be in his house: and his righteousness endureth for ever.

Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.

A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.

Surely he shall not be moved for ever: the righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance.

He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in the Lord.

His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire upon his enemies.

He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.

10 The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Proverbs 15:12-14

12 Mockers resent correction,S Pr 9:8; S 12:1

so they avoid the wise.

13 A happy heart makes the face cheerful,ver 15

but heartache crushes the spirit.S Pr 12:25; 17:22; 18:14

14 The discerning heart seeks knowledge,Pr 18:15

but the mouth of a fool feeds on folly.

12 Mockers hate to be corrected,

so they stay away from the wise.

13 A glad heart makes a happy face;

a broken heart crushes the spirit.

14 A wise person is hungry for knowledge,

while the fool feeds on trash.

12 A scorner loveth not one that reproveth him: neither will he go unto the wise.

13 A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

14 The heart of him that hath understanding seeketh knowledge: but the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishness.

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