Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Just when things looked the darkest for David, God was actually giving him the breakthrough. At Ziklag, David faced the lowest point in his life, for he lost his entire family in one day. After this tragedy, even his best friends were ready to stone him. Because he found strength in the Lord, however, God turned the whole situation around. "David got back everything the Amalekites had taken, and he rescued his two wives. Nothing was missing: small or great, son or daughter, nor anything else that had been taken. David brought everything back" (1 Samuel 30:18-19).

Someone has pointed out that at Ziklag David was only seventy-two hours away from a miracle. Unknown to him, all the years of his running from Saul were about to come to an end. The test was almost over, but the final part of the test was the hardest. But afterward, not only did David recover everything, but he also gained a tremendous amount of wealth. He used that wealth to spread goodwill throughout Judah, and this initiated the process of his becoming king of Judah. What a turnabout from the deep depression of Ziklag!

You may think you have waited forever, but you may be only sev-enty-two hours from your miracle. "When Job prayed for his friends, the Lord restored his fortunes. In fact, the Lord gave him twice as much as before" (Job 42:10). Wait for God to turn your darkness into glorious light!

1 Samuel 29:1-31:13

Achish Sends David Back to Ziklag

29 The Philistines gathered1Sa 28:1 all their forces at Aphek,S 1Sa 4:1 and Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel.Jos 17:16; 1Ki 18:45; 21:1, 23; 2Ki 9:30; Jer 50:5; Hos 1:4, 5, 11; 2:22As the Philistine rulers marched with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were marching at the rear1Sa 28:2 with Achish.The commanders of the Philistines asked, “What about these Hebrews?”

Achish replied, “Is this not David,1Ch 12:19 who was an officer of Saul king of Israel? He has already been with me for over a year,1Sa 27:7 and from the day he left Saul until now, I have found no fault in him.”

But the Philistine commanders were angry with Achish and said, “Send1Ch 12:19 the man back, that he may return to the place you assigned him. He must not go with us into battle, or he will turn1Sa 14:21 against us during the fighting. How better could he regain his master’s favor than by taking the heads of our own men?Isn’t this the David they sang about in their dances:

“‘Saul has slain his thousands,

and David his tens of thousands’?”S 1Sa 18:7

So Achish called David and said to him, “As surely as the Lord lives, you have been reliable, and I would be pleased to have you serve with me in the army. From the day1Sa 27:8-12 you came to me until today, I have found no fault in you, but the rulersver 3 don’t approve of you.Now turn back and go in peace; do nothing to displease the Philistine rulers.”

“But what have I done?” asked David. “What have you found against your servant from the day I came to you until now? Why can’t I go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?”

Achish answered, “I know that you have been as pleasing in my eyes as an angel2Sa 14:17, 20; 19:27 of God; nevertheless, the Philistine commandersver 4 have said, ‘He must not go up with us into battle.’10 Now get up early, along with your master’s servants who have come with you, and leave1Ch 12:19 in the morning as soon as it is light.”

11 So David and his men got up early in the morning to go back to the land of the Philistines, and the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

David Destroys the Amalekites

30 David and his men reached ZiklagS 1Sa 27:6 on the third day. Now the AmalekitesS 1Sa 27:8 had raided the Negev and Ziklag. They had attacked Ziklag and burnedver 14 it,and had taken captive the women and everyone else in it, both young and old. They killed none of them, but carried them off as they went on their way.

When David and his men reached Ziklag, they found it destroyed by fire and their wives and sons and daughters taken captive.S Ge 31:26So David and his men weptS Ge 27:38 aloud until they had no strength left to weep.David’s two wivesS 1Sa 25:43 had been captured—Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel.David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoningS Ex 17:4; Jn 8:59 him; each one was bitterS Ru 1:13 in spirit because of his sons and daughters. But David found strengthS 1Sa 23:16; Ro 4:20 in the Lord his God.

Then David said to AbiatharS 1Sa 22:20 the priest, the son of Ahimelek, “Bring me the ephod.S 1Sa 2:28” Abiathar brought it to him,and David inquiredS 1Sa 23:2 of the Lord, “Shall I pursue this raiding party? Will I overtake them?”

“Pursue them,” he answered. “You will certainly overtake them and succeedS Ge 14:16 in the rescue.S Ex 2:17

David and the six hundred menS 1Sa 27:2 with him came to the Besor Valley, where some stayed behind.10 Two hundred of them were too exhaustedver 21 to cross the valley, but David and the other four hundred continued the pursuit.

11 They found an Egyptian in a field and brought him to David. They gave him water to drink and food to eat—12 part of a cake of pressed figs and two cakes of raisins. He ate and was revived,S Jdg 15:19 for he had not eaten any food or drunk any water for three days and three nights.

13 David asked him, “Who do you belong to? Where do you come from?”

He said, “I am an Egyptian, the slave of an Amalekite.S 1Sa 14:48 My master abandoned me when I became ill three days ago.14 We raided the Negev of the Kerethites,2Sa 8:18; 15:18; 20:7, 23; 1Ki 1:38, 44; 1Ch 18:17; Eze 25:16; Zep 2:5 some territory belonging to Judah and the Negev of Caleb.S Jos 14:13; S 15:13 And we burnedver 1 Ziklag.”

15 David asked him, “Can you lead me down to this raiding party?”

He answered, “Swear to me before God that you will not kill me or hand me over to my master,Dt 23:15 and I will take you down to them.”

16 He led David down, and there they were, scattered over the countryside, eating, drinking and revelingLk 12:19 because of the great amount of plunderS ver 17; S Jos 22:8 they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from Judah.17 David foughtver 16; 1Sa 11:11; 2Sa 1:1 them from dusk until the evening of the next day, and none of them got away, except four hundred young men who rode off on camels and fled.2Sa 1:818 David recoveredS Ge 14:16 everything the Amalekites had taken, including his two wives.19 Nothing was missing: young or old, boy or girl, plunder or anything else they had taken. David brought everything back.20 He took all the flocks and herds, and his men drove them ahead of the other livestock, saying, “This is David’s plunder.”

21 Then David came to the two hundred men who had been too exhaustedver 10 to follow him and who were left behind at the Besor Valley. They came out to meet David and the men with him. As David and his men approached, he asked them how they were.22 But all the evil men and troublemakers among David’s followers said, “Because they did not go out with us, we will not share with them the plunder we recovered. However, each man may take his wife and children and go.”

23 David replied, “No, my brothers, you must not do that with what the Lord has given us. He has protected us and delivered into our hands the raiding party that came against us.24 Who will listen to what you say? The share of the man who stayed with the supplies is to be the same as that of him who went down to the battle. All will share alike.S Nu 31:27; S Jdg 5:3025 David made this a statute and ordinance for Israel from that day to this.

26 When David reached Ziklag, he sent some of the plunder to the elders of Judah, who were his friends, saying, “Here is a giftS Ge 33:11 for you from the plunder of the Lord’s enemies.”

27 David sent it to those who were in Bethel,S Jos 7:2 RamothS Jos 10:40 Negev and Jattir;S Jos 15:4828 to those in Aroer,S Nu 32:34; S Jos 13:16 Siphmoth,1Ch 27:27 EshtemoaS Jos 15:5029 and Rakal; to those in the towns of the Jerahmeelites1Sa 27:10 and the Kenites;S 1Sa 15:630 to those in Hormah,S Nu 14:45; S 21:3 Bor Ashan,S Jos 15:42 Athak31 and Hebron;Nu 13:22; S Jos 10:36; 2Sa 2:1, 4 and to those in all the other places where he and his men had roamed.

Saul Takes His Life31:1-13pp — 2Sa 1:4-12; 1Ch 10:1-12

31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; the Israelites fled before them, and many fell dead on Mount Gilboa.S 1Sa 28:4The Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons,S 1Sa 28:19 and they killed his sons Jonathan,S 1Sa 18:1 Abinadab and Malki-Shua.S 1Sa 14:49The fighting grew fierce around Saul, and when the archers overtook him, they woundedS 1Sa 28:4 him critically.

Saul said to his armor-bearer, “Draw your sword and run me through,S Jdg 9:54 or these uncircumcisedS Ge 34:14; S 1Sa 14:6 fellows will come and run me through and abuse me.”

But his armor-bearer was terrified and would not do it; so Saul took his own sword and fell on it.When the armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he too fell on his sword and died with him.So Saul and his three sons and his armor-bearer and all his men diedS 1Sa 26:10 together that same day.

When the Israelites along the valley and those across the Jordan saw that the Israelite army had fled and that Saul and his sons had died, they abandoned their towns and fled. And the Philistines came and occupied them.

The next day, when the Philistines2Sa 1:20 came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa.They cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and they sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines to proclaim the news2Sa 1:20; 4:4 in the temple of their idols and among their people.S Jdg 16:2410 They put his armor in the temple of the AshtorethsS Jdg 2:12-13; S 1Sa 7:3 and fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan.S Jos 17:11

11 When the people of Jabesh GileadS Jdg 21:8; S 1Sa 11:1 heard what the Philistines had done to Saul,12 all their valiant menPs 76:5 marched through the night to Beth Shan. They took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from the wall of Beth Shan and went to Jabesh, where they burnedS Ge 38:24; Am 6:10 them.13 Then they took their bones2Sa 21:12-14 and buried them under a tamariskS Ge 21:33 tree at Jabesh, and they fasted2Sa 3:35; 12:19-23 seven days.S Ge 50:10

The Philistines Reject David

29 The entire Philistine army now mobilized at Aphek, and the Israelites camped at the spring in Jezreel.As the Philistine rulers were leading out their troops in groups of hundreds and thousands, David and his men marched at the rear with King Achish.But the Philistine commanders demanded, “What are these Hebrews doing here?”

And Achish told them, “This is David, the servant of King Saul of Israel. He’s been with me for years, and I’ve never found a single fault in him from the day he arrived until today.”

But the Philistine commanders were angry. “Send him back to the town you’ve given him!” they demanded. “He can’t go into the battle with us. What if he turns against us in battle and becomes our adversary? Is there any better way for him to reconcile himself with his master than by handing our heads over to him?Isn’t this the same David about whom the women of Israel sing in their dances,

‘Saul has killed his thousands,

and David his ten thousands’?”

So Achish finally summoned David and said to him, “I swear by the Lord that you have been a trustworthy ally. I think you should go with me into battle, for I’ve never found a single flaw in you from the day you arrived until today. But the other Philistine rulers won’t hear of it.Please don’t upset them, but go back quietly.”

“What have I done to deserve this treatment?” David demanded. “What have you ever found in your servant, that I can’t go and fight the enemies of my lord the king?”

But Achish insisted, “As far as I’m concerned, you’re as perfect as an angel of God. But the Philistine commanders are afraid to have you with them in the battle.10 Now get up early in the morning, and leave with your men as soon as it gets light.”

11 So David and his men headed back into the land of the Philistines, while the Philistine army went on to Jezreel.

David Destroys the Amalekites

30 Three days later, when David and his men arrived home at their town of Ziklag, they found that the Amalekites had made a raid into the Negev and Ziklag; they had crushed Ziklag and burned it to the ground.They had carried off the women and children and everyone else but without killing anyone.

When David and his men saw the ruins and realized what had happened to their families,they wept until they could weep no more.David’s two wives, Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal from Carmel, were among those captured.David was now in great danger because all his men were very bitter about losing their sons and daughters, and they began to talk of stoning him. But David found strength in the Lord his God.

Then he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring me the ephod!” So Abiathar brought it.Then David asked the Lord, “Should I chase after this band of raiders? Will I catch them?”

And the Lord told him, “Yes, go after them. You will surely recover everything that was taken from you!”

So David and his 600 men set out, and they came to the brook Besor.10 But 200 of the men were too exhausted to cross the brook, so David continued the pursuit with 400 men.

11 Along the way they found an Egyptian man in a field and brought him to David. They gave him some bread to eat and water to drink.12 They also gave him part of a fig cake and two clusters of raisins, for he hadn’t had anything to eat or drink for three days and nights. Before long his strength returned.

13 “To whom do you belong, and where do you come from?” David asked him.

“I am an Egyptian—the slave of an Amalekite,” he replied. “My master abandoned me three days ago because I was sick.14 We were on our way back from raiding the Kerethites in the Negev, the territory of Judah, and the land of Caleb, and we had just burned Ziklag.”

15 “Will you lead me to this band of raiders?” David asked.

The young man replied, “If you take an oath in God’s name that you will not kill me or give me back to my master, then I will guide you to them.”

16 So he led David to them, and they found the Amalekites spread out across the fields, eating and drinking and dancing with joy because of the vast amount of plunder they had taken from the Philistines and the land of Judah.17 David and his men rushed in among them and slaughtered them throughout that night and the entire next day until evening. None of the Amalekites escaped except 400 young men who fled on camels.18 David got back everything the Amalekites had taken, and he rescued his two wives.19 Nothing was missing: small or great, son or daughter, nor anything else that had been taken. David brought everything back.20 He also recovered all the flocks and herds, and his men drove them ahead of the other livestock. “This plunder belongs to David!” they said.

21 Then David returned to the brook Besor and met up with the 200 men who had been left behind because they were too exhausted to go with him. They went out to meet David and his men, and David greeted them joyfully.22 But some evil troublemakers among David’s men said, “They didn’t go with us, so they can’t have any of the plunder we recovered. Give them their wives and children, and tell them to be gone.”

23 But David said, “No, my brothers! Don’t be selfish with what the Lord has given us. He has kept us safe and helped us defeat the band of raiders that attacked us.24 Who will listen when you talk like this? We share and share alike—those who go to battle and those who guard the equipment.”25 From then on David made this a decree and regulation for Israel, and it is still followed today.

26 When he arrived at Ziklag, David sent part of the plunder to the elders of Judah, who were his friends. “Here is a present for you, taken from the Lord’s enemies,” he said.

27 The gifts were sent to the people of the following towns David had visited: Bethel, Ramoth-negev, Jattir,28 Aroer, Siphmoth, Eshtemoa,29 Racal,Greek version reads Carmel. the towns of the Jerahmeelites, the towns of the Kenites,30 Hormah, Bor-ashan, Athach,31 Hebron, and all the other places David and his men had visited.

The Death of Saul

31 Now the Philistines attacked Israel, and the men of Israel fled before them. Many were slaughtered on the slopes of Mount Gilboa.The Philistines closed in on Saul and his sons, and they killed three of his sons—Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malkishua.The fighting grew very fierce around Saul, and the Philistine archers caught up with him and wounded him severely.

Saul groaned to his armor bearer, “Take your sword and kill me before these pagan Philistines come to run me through and taunt and torture me.”

But his armor bearer was afraid and would not do it. So Saul took his own sword and fell on it.When his armor bearer realized that Saul was dead, he fell on his own sword and died beside the king.So Saul, his three sons, his armor bearer, and his troops all died together that same day.

When the Israelites on the other side of the Jezreel Valley and beyond the Jordan saw that the Israelite army had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned their towns and fled. So the Philistines moved in and occupied their towns.

The next day, when the Philistines went out to strip the dead, they found the bodies of Saul and his three sons on Mount Gilboa.So they cut off Saul’s head and stripped off his armor. Then they proclaimed the good news of Saul’s death in their pagan temple and to the people throughout the land of Philistia.10 They placed his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of the city of Beth-shan.

11 But when the people of Jabesh-gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul,12 all their mighty warriors traveled through the night to Beth-shan and took the bodies of Saul and his sons down from the wall. They brought them to Jabesh, where they burned the bodies.13 Then they took their bones and buried them beneath the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and they fasted for seven days.

29 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.

Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews here? And Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines, Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with me these days, or these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell unto me unto this day?

And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow return, that he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him, and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he be an adversary to us: for wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his master? should it not be with the heads of these men?

Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands?

Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as the Lord liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless the lords favour thee not.

Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou displease not the lords of the Philistines.

And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

And Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou art good in my sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle.

10 Wherefore now rise up early in the morning with thy master's servants that are come with thee: and as soon as ye be up early in the morning, and have light, depart.

11 So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

30 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;

And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.

So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.

Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.

And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.

And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the Lord his God.

And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David.

And David enquired at the Lord, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.

So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed.

10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water;

12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick.

14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.

15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.

16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.

17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.

18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives.

19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all.

20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.

21 And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them.

22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart.

23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the Lord hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand.

24 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.

25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.

26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the Lord;

27 To them which were in Bethel, and to them which were in south Ramoth, and to them which were in Jattir,

28 And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa,

29 And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites,

30 And to them which were in Hormah, and to them which were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach,

31 And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.

31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.

And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons.

And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.

And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.

So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.

And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa.

And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.

10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.

11 And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul;

12 All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.

13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

John 11:55-12:19

55 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover,Ex 12:13, 23, 27; Mt 26:1, 2; Mk 14:1; Jn 13:1 many went up from the country to Jerusalem for their ceremonial cleansing2Ch 30:17, 18 before the Passover.56 They kept looking for Jesus,Jn 7:11 and as they stood in the temple courts they asked one another, “What do you think? Isn’t he coming to the festival at all?”57 But the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that anyone who found out where Jesus was should report it so that they might arrest him.

Jesus Anointed at Bethany12:1-8Ref — Mt 26:6-13; Mk 14:3-9; Lk 7:37-39

12 Six days before the Passover,S Jn 11:55 Jesus came to Bethany,S Mt 21:17 where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.Here a dinner was given in Jesus’ honor. Martha served,Lk 10:38-42 while Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with him.Then Mary took about a pintOr about 0.5 liter of pure nard, an expensive perfume;Mk 14:3 she poured it on Jesus’ feet and wiped his feet with her hair.Jn 11:2 And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.

But one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was later to betray him,S Mt 10:4 objected,“Why wasn’t this perfume sold and the money given to the poor? It was worth a year’s wages.Greek three hundred denariiHe did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag,Jn 13:29 he used to help himself to what was put into it.

“Leave her alone,” Jesus replied. “It was intended that she should save this perfume for the day of my burial.Jn 19:40You will always have the poor among you,See Deut. 15:11.Dt 15:11 but you will not always have me.”

Meanwhile a large crowd of Jews found out that Jesus was there and came, not only because of him but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.Jn 11:43, 4410 So the chief priests made plans to kill Lazarus as well,11 for on account of himver 17, 18; Jn 11:45 many of the Jews were going over to Jesus and believing in him.S Jn 7:31

Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King12:12-15pp — Mt 21:4-9; Mk 11:7-10; Lk 19:35-38

12 The next day the great crowd that had come for the festival heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem.13 They took palm branchesLev 23:40 and went out to meet him, shouting,

“Hosanna!A Hebrew expression meaning “Save!” which became an exclamation of praise

“Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”Psalm 118:25,26Ps 118:25, 26

“Blessed is the king of Israel!”S Jn 1:49

14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, as it is written:

15 “Do not be afraid, Daughter Zion;

see, your king is coming,

seated on a donkey’s colt.”Zech. 9:9Zec 9:9

16 At first his disciples did not understand all this.S Mk 9:32 Only after Jesus was glorifiedver 23; Jn 2:22; 7:39 did they realize that these things had been written about him and that these things had been done to him.

17 Now the crowd that was with himJn 11:42 when he called Lazarus from the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to spread the word.18 Many people, because they had heard that he had performed this sign,ver 11; Lk 19:37 went out to meet him.19 So the Pharisees said to one another, “See, this is getting us nowhere. Look how the whole world has gone after him!”Jn 11:47, 48

55 It was now almost time for the Jewish Passover celebration, and many people from all over the country arrived in Jerusalem several days early so they could go through the purification ceremony before Passover began.56 They kept looking for Jesus, but as they stood around in the Temple, they said to each other, “What do you think? He won’t come for Passover, will he?”57 Meanwhile, the leading priests and Pharisees had publicly ordered that anyone seeing Jesus must report it immediately so they could arrest him.

Jesus Anointed at Bethany

12 Six days before the Passover celebration began, Jesus arrived in Bethany, the home of Lazarus—the man he had raised from the dead.A dinner was prepared in Jesus’ honor. Martha served, and Lazarus was among those who ateOr who reclined. with him.Then Mary took a twelve-ounce jarGreek took 1 litra [327 grams]. of expensive perfume made from essence of nard, and she anointed Jesus’ feet with it, wiping his feet with her hair. The house was filled with the fragrance.

But Judas Iscariot, the disciple who would soon betray him, said,“That perfume was worth a year’s wages.Greek worth 300 denarii. A denarius was equivalent to a laborer’s full day’s wage. It should have been sold and the money given to the poor.”Not that he cared for the poor—he was a thief, and since he was in charge of the disciples’ money, he often stole some for himself.

Jesus replied, “Leave her alone. She did this in preparation for my burial.You will always have the poor among you, but you will not always have me.”

When all the peopleGreek Jewish people; also in 12:11. heard of Jesus’ arrival, they flocked to see him and also to see Lazarus, the man Jesus had raised from the dead.10 Then the leading priests decided to kill Lazarus, too,11 for it was because of him that many of the people had deserted themOr had deserted their traditions; Greek reads had deserted. and believed in Jesus.

Jesus’ Triumphant Entry

12 The next day, the news that Jesus was on the way to Jerusalem swept through the city. A large crowd of Passover visitors13 took palm branches and went down the road to meet him. They shouted,

“Praise God!Greek Hosanna, an exclamation of praise adapted from a Hebrew expression that means “save now.”

Blessings on the one who comes in the name of the Lord!

Hail to the King of Israel!”Ps 118:25-26; Zeph 3:15.

14 Jesus found a young donkey and rode on it, fulfilling the prophecy that said:

15 “Don’t be afraid, people of Jerusalem.Greek daughter of Zion.

Look, your King is coming,

riding on a donkey’s colt.”Zech 9:9.

16 His disciples didn’t understand at the time that this was a fulfillment of prophecy. But after Jesus entered into his glory, they remembered what had happened and realized that these things had been written about him.

17 Many in the crowd had seen Jesus call Lazarus from the tomb, raising him from the dead, and they were telling othersGreek were testifying. about it.18 That was the reason so many went out to meet him—because they had heard about this miraculous sign.19 Then the Pharisees said to each other, “There’s nothing we can do. Look, everyoneGreek the world. has gone after him!”

55 And the Jews' passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves.

56 Then sought they for Jesus, and spake among themselves, as they stood in the temple, What think ye, that he will not come to the feast?

57 Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a commandment, that, if any man knew where he were, he should shew it, that they might take him.

12 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.

There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.

Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him,

Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?

This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.

Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.

For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead.

10 But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death;

11 Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.

12 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

14 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written,

15 Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt.

16 These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him.

17 The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record.

18 For this cause the people also met him, for that they heard that he had done this miracle.

19 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.

Psalm 118:1-18

Psalm 118

Give thanks to the Lord,S 1Ch 16:8 for he is good;S 2Ch 5:13; S 7:3

his love endures forever.S Ezr 3:11

Let Israel say:Ps 115:9

“His love endures forever.”Ps 106:1; 136:1-26

Let the house of Aaron say:Ex 30:30; Ps 115:10

“His love endures forever.”

Let those who fear the LordS Ps 115:11 say:

“His love endures forever.”

When hard pressed,Ps 18:6; 31:7; 77:2; 120:1 I cried to the Lord;

he brought me into a spacious place.ver 21; Ps 34:4; 86:7; 116:1; 138:3

The Lord is with me;S Dt 31:6; Heb 13:6* I will not be afraid.

What can mere mortals do to me?S Ps 56:4

The Lord is with me; he is my helper.S Dt 33:29

I look in triumph on my enemies.S Ps 54:7

It is better to take refuge in the LordPs 2:12; 5:11; 9:9; 37:3; 40:4; Isa 25:4; 57:13

than to trust in humans.2Ch 32:7-8; S Ps 108:12; S Isa 2:22

It is better to take refuge in the Lord

than to trust in princes.Ps 146:3

10 All the nations surrounded me,

but in the name of the Lord I cut them down.S Ps 37:9

11 They surrounded mePs 88:17 on every side,Ps 3:6

but in the name of the Lord I cut them down.

12 They swarmed around me like bees,Dt 1:44

but they were consumed as quickly as burning thorns;S Ps 58:9

in the name of the Lord I cut them down.Ps 37:9

13 I was pushed back and about to fall,

but the Lord helped me.ver 7; 2Ch 18:31; Ps 86:17

14 The Lord is my strengthS Ex 15:2 and my defenseOr song;

he has become my salvation.S Ps 62:2

15 Shouts of joyS Job 8:21; S Ps 106:5 and victory

resound in the tents of the righteous:

“The Lord’s right handS Ex 15:6; Ps 89:13; 108:6 has done mighty things!Lk 1:51

16 The Lord’s right hand is lifted high;

the Lord’s right hand has done mighty things!”

17 I will not dieHab 1:12 but live,

and will proclaimS Dt 32:3; Ps 64:9; 71:16; 73:28 what the Lord has done.

18 The Lord has chastenedJer 31:18; 1Co 11:32; Heb 12:5 me severely,

but he has not given me over to death.Ps 86:13

Psalm 118

Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good!

His faithful love endures forever.

Let all Israel repeat:

“His faithful love endures forever.”

Let Aaron’s descendants, the priests, repeat:

“His faithful love endures forever.”

Let all who fear the Lord repeat:

“His faithful love endures forever.”

In my distress I prayed to the Lord,

and the Lord answered me and set me free.

The Lord is for me, so I will have no fear.

What can mere people do to me?

Yes, the Lord is for me; he will help me.

I will look in triumph at those who hate me.

It is better to take refuge in the Lord

than to trust in people.

It is better to take refuge in the Lord

than to trust in princes.

10 Though hostile nations surrounded me,

I destroyed them all with the authority of the Lord.

11 Yes, they surrounded and attacked me,

but I destroyed them all with the authority of the Lord.

12 They swarmed around me like bees;

they blazed against me like a crackling fire.

But I destroyed them all with the authority of the Lord.

13 My enemies did their best to kill me,

but the Lord rescued me.

14 The Lord is my strength and my song;

he has given me victory.

15 Songs of joy and victory are sung in the camp of the godly.

The strong right arm of the Lord has done glorious things!

16 The strong right arm of the Lord is raised in triumph.

The strong right arm of the Lord has done glorious things!

17 I will not die; instead, I will live

to tell what the Lord has done.

18 The Lord has punished me severely,

but he did not let me die.

118 O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: because his mercy endureth for ever.

Let Israel now say, that his mercy endureth for ever.

Let the house of Aaron now say, that his mercy endureth for ever.

Let them now that fear the Lord say, that his mercy endureth for ever.

I called upon the Lord in distress: the Lord answered me, and set me in a large place.

The Lord is on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?

The Lord taketh my part with them that help me: therefore shall I see my desire upon them that hate me.

It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in man.

It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in princes.

10 All nations compassed me about: but in the name of the Lord will I destroy them.

11 They compassed me about; yea, they compassed me about: but in the name of the Lord I will destroy them.

12 They compassed me about like bees: they are quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name of the Lord I will destroy them.

13 Thou hast thrust sore at me that I might fall: but the Lord helped me.

14 The Lord is my strength and song, and is become my salvation.

15 The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tabernacles of the righteous: the right hand of the Lord doeth valiantly.

16 The right hand of the Lord is exalted: the right hand of the Lord doeth valiantly.

17 I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of the Lord.

18 The Lord hath chastened me sore: but he hath not given me over unto death.

Proverbs 15:24-26

24 The path of life leads upward for the prudent

to keep them from going down to the realm of the dead.

25 The Lord tears down the house of the proud,S Pr 12:7

but he sets the widow’s boundary stones in place.S Dt 19:14; Pr 23:10-11

26 The Lord detests the thoughtsS Ps 94:11 of the wicked,S Pr 6:16

but gracious words are pureS Ps 18:26 in his sight.

24 The path of life leads upward for the wise;

they leave the graveHebrew Sheol. behind.

25 The Lord tears down the house of the proud,

but he protects the property of widows.

26 The Lord detests evil plans,

but he delights in pure words.

24 The way of life is above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath.

25 The Lord will destroy the house of the proud: but he will establish the border of the widow.

26 The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the Lord: but the words of the pure are pleasant words.

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