Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

The psalmist declares a holy revulsion that must dwell in your heart against anything that challenges the law of God. If you consistently struggle to conquer an area of sin in your life, it may be that you do not hate that sin.

One sin God hates is divorce (Malachi 2:16), not because He wants to be legalistic but because He knows the terrible consequences you will suffer from it. Satan's deception concerning this sin and all sin is so devious and the consequences of disobedience so eternal that you must develop a passion against all sin, for it destroys people's souls.

Double-minded or undecided people (Psalm 119:113) are those who mix God's law with their own reasoning, listening to the voice of personal opinion rather than the voice of truth. Such compromisers lead the godly astray and are unstable in all their ways (James 1:8). If you are double-minded, rid yourself of lukewarmness, and purify your heart.

If you don't hate sin, you will fall into it. Love God and hate sin, and you will always walk in the path of righteousness.

2 Samuel 15:23-16:23

23 The whole countryside wept aloud1Sa 11:4; Job 2:12 as all the people passed by. The king also crossed the Kidron Valley,1Ki 2:37; 2Ki 23:12; 2Ch 15:16; 29:16; 30:14; Jer 31:40; Jn 18:1 and all the people moved on toward the wilderness.

24 ZadokS 2Sa 8:17; 19:11 was there, too, and all the Levites who were with him were carrying the arkNu 4:15; S 10:33; 1Ki 2:26 of the covenant of God. They set down the ark of God, and AbiatharS 1Sa 22:20 offered sacrifices until all the people had finished leaving the city.

25 Then the king said to Zadok, “Take the ark of God back into the city. If I find favor in the Lord’s eyes, he will bring me back and let me see it and his dwelling placeEx 15:13; S Lev 15:31; Ps 43:3; 46:4; 84:1; 132:7 again.26 But if he says, ‘I am not pleased with you,’ then I am ready; let him do to me whatever seems good to him.S Jdg 10:15; 2Sa 22:20

27 The king also said to Zadok the priest, “Do you understand?S 1Sa 9:9 Go back to the city with my blessing. Take your son Ahimaaz with you, and also Abiathar’s son Jonathan.ver 36; 2Sa 17:17; 1Ki 1:42 You and Abiathar return with your two sons.28 I will wait at the fords2Sa 17:16 in the wilderness until word comes from you to inform me.”29 So Zadok and Abiathar took the ark of God back to Jerusalem and stayed there.

30 But David continued up the Mount of Olives, weepingS Nu 25:6; S Ps 30:5 as he went; his headEst 6:12 was covered and he was barefoot. All the people with him covered their heads too and were weeping as they went up.31 Now David had been told, “AhithophelS ver 12 is among the conspirators with Absalom.” So David prayed, “Lord, turn Ahithophel’s counsel into foolishness.”

32 When David arrived at the summit, where people used to worship God, Hushaiver 37; 2Sa 16:16; 17:5; 1Ki 4:16 the ArkiteJos 16:2 was there to meet him, his robe torn and dustS Jos 7:6 on his head.33 David said to him, “If you go with me, you will be a burden2Sa 19:35 to me.34 But if you return to the city and say to Absalom, ‘Your Majesty, I will be your servant; I was your father’s servant in the past, but now I will be your servant,’2Sa 16:19 then you can help me by frustrating2Sa 17:14; Pr 11:14 Ahithophel’s advice.35 Won’t the priests Zadok and Abiathar be there with you? Tell them anything you hear in the king’s palace.2Sa 17:15-1636 Their two sons, Ahimaaz2Sa 18:19 son of Zadok and JonathanS ver 27; 2Sa 17:17; 1Ki 1:42 son of Abiathar, are there with them. Send them to me with anything you hear.”

37 So Hushai,1Ch 27:33 David’s confidant, arrived at Jerusalem as Absalom2Sa 16:15 was entering the city.

David and Ziba

16 When David had gone a short distance beyond the summit, there was Ziba,2Sa 9:1-13 the steward of Mephibosheth, waiting to meet him. He had a string of donkeys saddled and loaded with two hundred loaves of bread, a hundred cakes of raisins, a hundred cakes of figs and a skin of wine.S 1Sa 25:18; 1Ch 12:40

The king asked Ziba, “Why have you brought these?”

Ziba answered, “The donkeys are for the king’s household to ride on, the bread and fruit are for the men to eat, and the wine is to refresh2Sa 17:27-29 those who become exhausted in the wilderness.”

The king then asked, “Where is your master’s grandson?”2Sa 9:9-10

ZibaS 2Sa 9:2 said to him, “He is staying in Jerusalem, because he thinks, ‘Today the Israelites will restore to me my grandfather’s kingdom.’”

Then the king said to Ziba, “All that belonged to MephiboshethS 2Sa 4:4 is now yours.”

“I humbly bow,” Ziba said. “May I find favor in your eyes, my lord the king.”

Shimei Curses David

As King David approached Bahurim,S 2Sa 3:16 a man from the same clan as Saul’s family came out from there. His name was Shimei2Sa 19:16-23; 1Ki 2:8-9, 36, 44 son of Gera, and he cursedS Ex 22:28 as he came out.He pelted David and all the king’s officials with stones, though all the troops and the special guard were on David’s right and left.As he cursed, Shimei said, “Get out, get out, you murderer, you scoundrel!The Lord has repaid you for all the blood you shed in the household of Saul, in whose place you have reigned.2Sa 19:28; 21:9 The Lord has given the kingdom into the hands of your son Absalom. You have come to ruin because you are a murderer!”2Sa 19:19; Ps 55:3

Then AbishaiS 1Sa 26:6 son of Zeruiah said to the king, “Why should this dead dogS 2Sa 3:8 curse my lord the king? Let me go over and cut off his head.”S 2Sa 3:39; Lk 9:54

10 But the king said, “What does this have to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah?S 2Sa 2:18; 19:22 If he is cursing because the Lord said to him, ‘Curse David,’ who can ask, ‘Why do you do this?’”Ro 9:20

11 David then said to Abishai and all his officials, “My son,2Sa 12:11 my own flesh and blood, is trying to kill me. How much more, then, this Benjamite! Leave him alone; let him curse, for the Lord has told him to.S Ge 45:5; 1Sa 26:1912 It may be that the Lord will look upon my miseryPs 4:1; 25:18 and restore to me his covenant blessingDt 23:5; Ro 8:28 instead of his curse today.Ps 109:28

13 So David and his men continued along the road while Shimei was going along the hillside opposite him, cursing as he went and throwing stones at him and showering him with dirt.14 The king and all the people with him arrived at their destination exhausted.2Sa 17:2 And there he refreshed himself.

The Advice of Ahithophel and Hushai

15 Meanwhile, AbsalomS 2Sa 15:37 and all the men of Israel came to Jerusalem, and AhithophelS 2Sa 15:12 was with him.16 Then HushaiS 2Sa 15:32 the Arkite, David’s confidant, went to Absalom and said to him, “Long live the king! Long live the king!”

17 Absalom said to Hushai, “So this is the love you show your friend? If he’s your friend, why didn’t you go with him?”2Sa 19:25

18 Hushai said to Absalom, “No, the one chosen by the Lord, by these people, and by all the men of Israel—his I will be, and I will remain with him.19 Furthermore, whom should I serve? Should I not serve the son? Just as I served your father, so I will serve you.”2Sa 15:34

20 Absalom said to Ahithophel, “Give us your advice. What should we do?”

21 Ahithophel answered, “Sleep with your father’s concubines whom he left to take care of the palace. Then all Israel will hear that you have made yourself obnoxious to your father, and the hands of everyone with you will be more resolute.”22 So they pitched a tent for Absalom on the roof, and he slept with his father’s concubines in the sight of all Israel.S 2Sa 3:7; 12:11-12; S 15:16

23 Now in those days the advice2Sa 17:14, 23 Ahithophel gave was like that of one who inquires of God. That was how both DavidS 2Sa 15:12 and Absalom regarded all of Ahithophel’s advice.

23 Everyone cried loudly as the king and his followers passed by. They crossed the Kidron Valley and then went out toward the wilderness.

24 Zadok and all the Levites also came along, carrying the Ark of the Covenant of God. They set down the Ark of God, and Abiathar offered sacrificesOr Abiathar went up. until everyone had passed out of the city.

25 Then the king instructed Zadok to take the Ark of God back into the city. “If the Lord sees fit,” David said, “he will bring me back to see the Ark and the TabernacleHebrew and his dwelling place. again.26 But if he is through with me, then let him do what seems best to him.”

27 The king also told Zadok the priest, “Look,As in Greek version; Hebrew reads Are you a seer? or Do you see? here is my plan. You and AbiatharHebrew lacks and Abiathar; compare 15:29. should return quietly to the city with your son Ahimaaz and Abiathar’s son Jonathan.28 I will stop at the shallows of the Jordan RiverHebrew at the crossing points of the wilderness. and wait there for a report from you.”29 So Zadok and Abiathar took the Ark of God back to the city and stayed there.

30 David walked up the road to the Mount of Olives, weeping as he went. His head was covered and his feet were bare as a sign of mourning. And the people who were with him covered their heads and wept as they climbed the hill.31 When someone told David that his adviser Ahithophel was now backing Absalom, David prayed, “O Lord, let Ahithophel give Absalom foolish advice!”

32 When David reached the summit of the Mount of Olives where people worshiped God, Hushai the Arkite was waiting there for him. Hushai had torn his clothing and put dirt on his head as a sign of mourning.33 But David told him, “If you go with me, you will only be a burden.34 Return to Jerusalem and tell Absalom, ‘I will now be your adviser, O king, just as I was your father’s adviser in the past.’ Then you can frustrate and counter Ahithophel’s advice.35 Zadok and Abiathar, the priests, will be there. Tell them about the plans being made in the king’s palace,36 and they will send their sons Ahimaaz and Jonathan to tell me what is going on.”

37 So David’s friend Hushai returned to Jerusalem, getting there just as Absalom arrived.

David and Ziba

16 When David had gone a little beyond the summit of the Mount of Olives, Ziba, the servant of Mephibosheth,Mephibosheth is another name for Merib-baal. was waiting there for him. He had two donkeys loaded with 200 loaves of bread, 100 clusters of raisins, 100 bunches of summer fruit, and a wineskin full of wine.

“What are these for?” the king asked Ziba.

Ziba replied, “The donkeys are for the king’s people to ride on, and the bread and summer fruit are for the young men to eat. The wine is for those who become exhausted in the wilderness.”

“And where is Mephibosheth, Saul’s grandson?” the king asked him.

“He stayed in Jerusalem,” Ziba replied. “He said, ‘Today I will get back the kingdom of my grandfather Saul.’”

“In that case,” the king told Ziba, “I give you everything Mephibosheth owns.”

“I bow before you,” Ziba replied. “May I always be pleasing to you, my lord the king.”

Shimei Curses David

As King David came to Bahurim, a man came out of the village cursing them. It was Shimei son of Gera, from the same clan as Saul’s family.He threw stones at the king and the king’s officers and all the mighty warriors who surrounded him.“Get out of here, you murderer, you scoundrel!” he shouted at David.“The Lord is paying you back for all the bloodshed in Saul’s clan. You stole his throne, and now the Lord has given it to your son Absalom. At last you will taste some of your own medicine, for you are a murderer!”

“Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king?” Abishai son of Zeruiah demanded. “Let me go over and cut off his head!”

10 “No!” the king said. “Who asked your opinion, you sons of Zeruiah! If the Lord has told him to curse me, who are you to stop him?”

11 Then David said to Abishai and to all his servants, “My own son is trying to kill me. Doesn’t this relative of SaulHebrew this Benjaminite. have even more reason to do so? Leave him alone and let him curse, for the Lord has told him to do it.12 And perhaps the Lord will see that I am being wrongedAs in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew reads see my iniquity. and will bless me because of these curses today.”13 So David and his men continued down the road, and Shimei kept pace with them on a nearby hillside, cursing and throwing stones and dirt at David.

14 The king and all who were with him grew weary along the way, so they rested when they reached the Jordan River.As in Greek version (see also 17:16); Hebrew reads when they reached their destination.

Ahithophel Advises Absalom

15 Meanwhile, Absalom and all the army of Israel arrived at Jerusalem, accompanied by Ahithophel.16 When David’s friend Hushai the Arkite arrived, he went immediately to see Absalom. “Long live the king!” he exclaimed. “Long live the king!”

17 “Is this the way you treat your friend David?” Absalom asked him. “Why aren’t you with him?”

18 “I’m here because I belong to the man who is chosen by the Lord and by all the men of Israel,” Hushai replied.19 “And anyway, why shouldn’t I serve you? Just as I was your father’s adviser, now I will be your adviser!”

20 Then Absalom turned to Ahithophel and asked him, “What should I do next?”

21 Ahithophel told him, “Go and sleep with your father’s concubines, for he has left them here to look after the palace. Then all Israel will know that you have insulted your father beyond hope of reconciliation, and they will throw their support to you.”22 So they set up a tent on the palace roof where everyone could see it, and Absalom went in and had sex with his father’s concubines.

23 Absalom followed Ahithophel’s advice, just as David had done. For every word Ahithophel spoke seemed as wise as though it had come directly from the mouth of God.

23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.

24 And lo Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had done passing out of the city.

25 And the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favour in the eyes of the Lord, he will bring me again, and shew me both it, and his habitation:

26 But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him.

27 The king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar.

28 See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness, until there come word from you to certify me.

29 Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: and they tarried there.

30 And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

31 And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.

32 And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head:

33 Unto whom David said, If thou passest on with me, then thou shalt be a burden unto me:

34 But if thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as I have been thy father's servant hitherto, so will I now also be thy servant: then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of Ahithophel.

35 And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be, that what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house, thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.

36 Behold, they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok's son, and Jonathan Abiathar's son; and by them ye shall send unto me every thing that ye can hear.

37 So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.

16 And when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine.

And the king said unto Ziba, What meanest thou by these? And Ziba said, The asses be for the king's household to ride on; and the bread and summer fruit for the young men to eat; and the wine, that such as be faint in the wilderness may drink.

And the king said, And where is thy master's son? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem: for he said, To day shall the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.

Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine are all that pertained unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I humbly beseech thee that I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king.

And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came.

And he cast stones at David, and at all the servants of king David: and all the people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left.

And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial:

The Lord hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned; and the Lord hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son: and, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief, because thou art a bloody man.

Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his head.

10 And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the Lord hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done so?

11 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now may this Benjamite do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for the Lord hath bidden him.

12 It may be that the Lord will look on mine affliction, and that the Lord will requite me good for his cursing this day.

13 And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.

14 And the king, and all the people that were with him, came weary, and refreshed themselves there.

15 And Absalom, and all the people the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him.

16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the king.

17 And Absalom said to Hushai, Is this thy kindness to thy friend? why wentest thou not with thy friend?

18 And Hushai said unto Absalom, Nay; but whom the Lord, and this people, and all the men of Israel, choose, his will I be, and with him will I abide.

19 And again, whom should I serve? should I not serve in the presence of his son? as I have served in thy father's presence, so will I be in thy presence.

20 Then said Absalom to Ahithophel, Give counsel among you what we shall do.

21 And Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Go in unto thy father's concubines, which he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear that thou art abhorred of thy father: then shall the hands of all that are with thee be strong.

22 So they spread Absalom a tent upon the top of the house; and Absalom went in unto his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel.

23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God: so was all the counsel of Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom.

John 18:25-19:22

Peter’s Second and Third Denials18:25-27pp — Mt 26:71-75; Mk 14:69-72; Lk 22:58-62

25 Meanwhile, Simon Peter was still standing there warming himself.ver 18 So they asked him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?”

He denied it, saying, “I am not.”ver 17

26 One of the high priest’s servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off,ver 10 challenged him, “Didn’t I see you with him in the garden?”ver 127 Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow.Jn 13:38

Jesus Before Pilate18:29-40pp — Mt 27:11-18, 20-23; Mk 15:2-15; Lk 23:2, 3, 18-25

28 Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor.S Mt 27:2 By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace,ver 33; Jn 19:9 because they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.Jn 11:5529 So Pilate came out to them and asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?”

30 “If he were not a criminal,” they replied, “we would not have handed him over to you.”

31 Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.”

“But we have no right to execute anyone,” they objected.32 This took place to fulfill what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was going to die.Mt 20:19; 26:2; Jn 3:14; 8:28; 12:32, 33

33 Pilate then went back inside the palace,ver 28, 29; Jn 19:9 summoned Jesus and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”Lk 23:3; S Mt 2:2

34 “Is that your own idea,” Jesus asked, “or did others talk to you about me?”

35 “Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “Your own people and chief priests handed you over to me. What is it you have done?”

36 Jesus said, “My kingdomS Mt 3:2 is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders.Mt 26:53 But now my kingdom is from another place.”Lk 17:21; Jn 6:15

37 “You are a king, then!” said Pilate.

Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. In fact, the reason I was born and came into the world is to testify to the truth.Jn 3:32 Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.”Jn 8:47; 1Jn 4:6

38 “What is truth?” retorted Pilate. With this he went out again to the Jews gathered there and said, “I find no basis for a charge against him.S Lk 23:439 But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release ‘the king of the Jews’?”

40 They shouted back, “No, not him! Give us Barabbas!” Now Barabbas had taken part in an uprising.Ac 3:14

Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified19:1-16pp — Mt 27:27-31; Mk 15:16-20

19 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.Dt 25:3; Isa 50:6; 53:5; Mt 27:26The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robeand went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!”Mt 27:29 And they slapped him in the face.Jn 18:22

Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him outJn 18:38 to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.”ver 6; S Lk 23:4When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe,ver 2 Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”

As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”

But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him.Ac 3:13 As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.”ver 4; S Lk 23:4

The Jewish leaders insisted, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die,Lev 24:16 because he claimed to be the Son of God.”Mt 26:63-66; Jn 5:18; 10:33

When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid,and he went back inside the palace.Jn 18:33 “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.S Mk 14:6110 “Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?”

11 Jesus answered, “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above.S Ro 13:1 Therefore the one who handed me over to youJn 18:28-30; Ac 3:13 is guilty of a greater sin.”

12 From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a kingLk 23:2 opposes Caesar.”

13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge’s seatMt 27:19 at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in AramaicS Jn 5:2 is Gabbatha).14 It was the day of PreparationMt 27:62 of the Passover; it was about noon.Mk 15:25

“Here is your king,”ver 19, 21 Pilate said to the Jews.

15 But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!”

“Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked.

“We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered.

16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.Mt 27:26; Mk 15:15; Lk 23:25

The Crucifixion of Jesus19:17-24pp — Mt 27:33-44; Mk 15:22-32; Lk 23:33-43

So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.17 Carrying his own cross,Ge 22:6; Lk 14:27; 23:26 he went out to the place of the SkullLk 23:33 (which in AramaicS Jn 5:2 is called Golgotha).18 There they crucified him, and with him two othersLk 23:32—one on each side and Jesus in the middle.

19 Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth,S Mk 1:24 the king of the jews.ver 14, 2120 Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city,Heb 13:12 and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek.21 The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.”ver 14

22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

Peter’s Second and Third Denials

25 Meanwhile, as Simon Peter was standing by the fire warming himself, they asked him again, “You’re not one of his disciples, are you?”

He denied it, saying, “No, I am not.”

26 But one of the household slaves of the high priest, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Didn’t I see you out there in the olive grove with Jesus?”27 Again Peter denied it. And immediately a rooster crowed.

Jesus’ Trial before Pilate

28 Jesus’ trial before Caiaphas ended in the early hours of the morning. Then he was taken to the headquarters of the Roman governor.Greek to the Praetorium; also in 18:33. His accusers didn’t go inside because it would defile them, and they wouldn’t be allowed to celebrate the Passover.29 So Pilate, the governor, went out to them and asked, “What is your charge against this man?”

30 “We wouldn’t have handed him over to you if he weren’t a criminal!” they retorted.

31 “Then take him away and judge him by your own law,” Pilate told them.

“Only the Romans are permitted to execute someone,” the Jewish leaders replied.32 (This fulfilled Jesus’ prediction about the way he would die.See John 12:32-33.)

33 Then Pilate went back into his headquarters and called for Jesus to be brought to him. “Are you the king of the Jews?” he asked him.

34 Jesus replied, “Is this your own question, or did others tell you about me?”

35 “Am I a Jew?” Pilate retorted. “Your own people and their leading priests brought you to me for trial. Why? What have you done?”

36 Jesus answered, “My Kingdom is not an earthly kingdom. If it were, my followers would fight to keep me from being handed over to the Jewish leaders. But my Kingdom is not of this world.”

37 Pilate said, “So you are a king?”

Jesus responded, “You say I am a king. Actually, I was born and came into the world to testify to the truth. All who love the truth recognize that what I say is true.”

38 “What is truth?” Pilate asked. Then he went out again to the people and told them, “He is not guilty of any crime.39 But you have a custom of asking me to release one prisoner each year at Passover. Would you like me to release this ‘King of the Jews’?”

40 But they shouted back, “No! Not this man. We want Barabbas!” (Barabbas was a revolutionary.)

Jesus Sentenced to Death

19 Then Pilate had Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip.The soldiers wove a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and they put a purple robe on him.“Hail! King of the Jews!” they mocked, as they slapped him across the face.

Pilate went outside again and said to the people, “I am going to bring him out to you now, but understand clearly that I find him not guilty.”Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said, “Look, here is the man!”

When they saw him, the leading priests and Temple guards began shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

“Take him yourselves and crucify him,” Pilate said. “I find him not guilty.”

The Jewish leaders replied, “By our law he ought to die because he called himself the Son of God.”

When Pilate heard this, he was more frightened than ever.He took Jesus back into the headquartersGreek the Praetorium. again and asked him, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave no answer.10 “Why don’t you talk to me?” Pilate demanded. “Don’t you realize that I have the power to release you or crucify you?”

11 Then Jesus said, “You would have no power over me at all unless it were given to you from above. So the one who handed me over to you has the greater sin.”

12 Then Pilate tried to release him, but the Jewish leaders shouted, “If you release this man, you are no ‘friend of Caesar.’“Friend of Caesar” is a technical term that refers to an ally of the emperor. Anyone who declares himself a king is a rebel against Caesar.”

13 When they said this, Pilate brought Jesus out to them again. Then Pilate sat down on the judgment seat on the platform that is called the Stone Pavement (in Hebrew, Gabbatha).14 It was now about noon on the day of preparation for the Passover. And Pilate said to the people,Greek Jewish people; also in 19:20. “Look, here is your king!”

15 “Away with him,” they yelled. “Away with him! Crucify him!”

“What? Crucify your king?” Pilate asked.

“We have no king but Caesar,” the leading priests shouted back.

16 Then Pilate turned Jesus over to them to be crucified.

The Crucifixion

So they took Jesus away.17 Carrying the cross by himself, he went to the place called Place of the Skull (in Hebrew, Golgotha).18 There they nailed him to the cross. Two others were crucified with him, one on either side, with Jesus between them.19 And Pilate posted a sign on the cross that read, “Jesus of Nazareth,Or Jesus the Nazarene. the King of the Jews.”20 The place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, so that many people could read it.

21 Then the leading priests objected and said to Pilate, “Change it from ‘The King of the Jews’ to ‘He said, I am King of the Jews.’”

22 Pilate replied, “No, what I have written, I have written.”

25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.

26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?

27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?

30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.

31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?

35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?

36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.

37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.

39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

19 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,

And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.

Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.

Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!

When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.

The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.

When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;

And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.

10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?

11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.

12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.

13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.

14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.

17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:

18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.

19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was Jesus Of Nazareth The King Of The Jews.

20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.

21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.

22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

Psalm 119:113-128

ס Samekh

113 I hate double-minded people,S 1Ki 18:21; Jas 1:8; 4:8

but I love your law.ver 47

114 You are my refuge and my shield;S Ge 15:1; S Ps 18:2

I have put my hopeS ver 43 in your word.

115 Away from me,S Ps 6:8 you evildoers,

that I may keep the commands of my God!

116 Sustain me,S Ps 18:35; 41:3; 55:22; Isa 46:4 my God, according to your promise,S ver 41 and I will live;

do not let my hopes be dashed.Ro 5:5

117 Uphold me,Isa 41:10; 46:4 and I will be delivered;Ps 34:4

I will always have regard for your decrees.ver 6

118 You reject all who strayS ver 10 from your decrees,

for their delusions come to nothing.

119 All the wicked of the earth you discard like dross;Isa 1:22, 25; Eze 22:18, 19

therefore I love your statutes.ver 47

120 My flesh tremblesS Job 4:14; S Isa 64:2 in fear of you;S Jos 24:14

I stand in aweJer 10:7; Hab 3:2 of your laws.

ע Ayin

121 I have done what is righteous and just;S 2Sa 8:15; S Job 27:6

do not leave me to my oppressors.

122 Ensure your servant’s well-being;S Job 17:3

do not let the arrogant oppress me.ver 21, 121, 134; Ps 106:42

123 My eyes fail,Isa 38:14 looking for your salvation,ver 81

looking for your righteous promise.S ver 82

124 Deal with your servant according to your loveS ver 88; S Ps 25:7

and teach me your decrees.ver 12

125 I am your servant;S Ps 116:16 give me discernment

that I may understand your statutes.S ver 79

126 It is time for you to act, Lord;

your law is being broken.S Nu 15:31

127 Because I love your commandsS ver 47

more than gold,Ps 19:10 more than pure gold,S Job 3:21

128 and because I consider all your precepts right,S Ps 19:8

I hate every wrong path.ver 104, 163; Ps 31:6; Pr 13:5


113 I hate those with divided loyalties,

but I love your instructions.

114 You are my refuge and my shield;

your word is my source of hope.

115 Get out of my life, you evil-minded people,

for I intend to obey the commands of my God.

116 Lord, sustain me as you promised, that I may live!

Do not let my hope be crushed.

117 Sustain me, and I will be rescued;

then I will meditate continually on your decrees.

118 But you have rejected all who stray from your decrees.

They are only fooling themselves.

119 You skim off the wicked of the earth like scum;

no wonder I love to obey your laws!

120 I tremble in fear of you;

I stand in awe of your regulations.


121 Don’t leave me to the mercy of my enemies,

for I have done what is just and right.

122 Please guarantee a blessing for me.

Don’t let the arrogant oppress me!

123 My eyes strain to see your rescue,

to see the truth of your promise fulfilled.

124 I am your servant; deal with me in unfailing love,

and teach me your decrees.

125 Give discernment to me, your servant;

then I will understand your laws.

126 Lord, it is time for you to act,

for these evil people have violated your instructions.

127 Truly, I love your commands

more than gold, even the finest gold.

128 Each of your commandments is right.

That is why I hate every false way.

113 I hate vain thoughts: but thy law do I love.

114 Thou art my hiding place and my shield: I hope in thy word.

115 Depart from me, ye evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my God.

116 Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live: and let me not be ashamed of my hope.

117 Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually.

118 Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their deceit is falsehood.

119 Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth like dross: therefore I love thy testimonies.

120 My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.

121 I have done judgment and justice: leave me not to mine oppressors.

122 Be surety for thy servant for good: let not the proud oppress me.

123 Mine eyes fail for thy salvation, and for the word of thy righteousness.

124 Deal with thy servant according unto thy mercy, and teach me thy statutes.

125 I am thy servant; give me understanding, that I may know thy testimonies.

126 It is time for thee, Lord, to work: for they have made void thy law.

127 Therefore I love thy commandments above gold; yea, above fine gold.

128 Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

Proverbs 16:10-11

10 The lips of a king speak as an oracle,

and his mouth does not betray justice.Pr 17:7

11 Honest scales and balances belong to the Lord;

all the weights in the bag are of his making.S Pr 11:1; Eze 45:10

10 The king speaks with divine wisdom;

he must never judge unfairly.

11 The Lord demands accurate scales and balances;

he sets the standards for fairness.

10 A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment.

11 A just weight and balance are the Lord's: all the weights of the bag are his work.

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