Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Eli had a hard time disciplining his sons because he was more concerned about their opinion of him than God's opinion of him. So God asked him, "Why do you honor your sons more than me-for you and they have become fat from the best offerings of my people!" (1 Samuel 2:29).

Christians should value God's Word and His opinion far more than they value the opinion of man. Jesus rebuked the Jews because they made no effort to obtain the true praise that comes only from God. Instead, they were more concerned about receiving praise from one another (John 5:44).

Someone once said, "Never be concerned about what others think about you, because they don't think about you!" In reality, most people really think primarily about themselves, and their opinions will not count when you stand before almighty God. The day will come when all men will be silent, and you alone will give an account for your choices and convictions. Where will your fans or critics be then?

If you place God's opinion above all else, it may cost you a friend. However, at the final judgment, all eternity will record your integrity before Him. Stand firm in the truth, and honor God above anyone else, even family.

1 Samuel 2:22-4:22

22 Now Eli, who was very old, heard about everythingS ver 17 his sons were doing to all Israel and how they slept with the womenS Ex 38:8 who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting.23 So he said to them, “Why do you do such things? I hear from all the people about these wicked deeds of yours.24 No, my sons; the report I hear spreading among the Lord’s people is not good.25 If one person sins against another, GodOr the judges may mediate for the offender; but if anyone sins against the Lord, who willEx 4:21; Jos 11:20 intercedeS Ex 32:10; S Nu 11:2; 1Sa 3:14; 1Ki 13:6; Job 9:33; Ps 106:30; Isa 1:18; 22:14; Jer 15:1; Heb 10:26 for them?” His sons, however, did not listen to their father’s rebuke, for it was the Lord’s will to put them to death.

26 And the boy Samuel continued to growS Jdg 13:24; Lk 2:52 in stature and in favor with the Lord and with people.Pr 3:4

Prophecy Against the House of Eli

27 Now a man of GodS Dt 33:1; S Jdg 13:6 came to Eli and said to him, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Did I not clearly reveal myself to your ancestor’s family when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh?28 I choseS Ex 28:1 your ancestor out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense,S Ex 30:7 and to wear an ephod1Sa 22:18; 23:6, 9; 30:7 in my presence. I also gave your ancestor’s family all the food offeringsLev 7:35-36 presented by the Israelites.29 Why do youThe Hebrew is plural. scorn my sacrifice and offeringver 12-17 that I prescribed for my dwelling?S Dt 12:5 Why do you honor your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel?’

30 “Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, declares: ‘I promised that members of your family would minister before me forever.S Ex 29:9’ But now the Lord declares: ‘Far be it from me! Those who honor me I will honor,Ps 50:23; 91:15; Pr 8:17 but those who despiseIsa 53:3; Na 3:6; Mal 2:9 me will be disdained.Jer 18:1031 The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your priestly house, so that no one in it will reach old age,1Sa 4:11-18; 22:1632 and you will see distress1Sa 4:3; 22:17-20; Jer 7:12, 14 in my dwelling. Although good will be done to Israel, no one in your family line will ever reach old age.1Ki 2:26-2733 Every one of you that I do not cut off from serving at my altar I will spare only to destroy your sight and sap your strength, and all your descendantsJer 29:32; Mal 2:12 will die in the prime of life.

34 “‘And what happens to your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, will be a signS Dt 13:2 to you—they will both die1Sa 4:11 on the same day.1Ki 13:335 I will raise up for myself a faithful priest,2Sa 8:17; 20:25; 1Ki 1:8, 32; 2:35; 4:4; 1Ch 16:39; 29:22; Eze 44:15-16 who will do according to what is in my heart and mind. I will firmly establish his priestly house, and they will minister before my anointed1Sa 9:16; 10:1; 16:13; 2Sa 2:4; 12:7; 23:1; 1Ki 1:34; Ps 89:20 one always.36 Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a loaf of bread and plead,Eze 44:10-14 “Appoint me to some priestly office so I can have food to eat.1Sa 3:12; 1Ki 2:27”’”

The Lord Calls Samuel

The boy Samuel ministeredS 1Sa 2:11 before the Lord under Eli. In those days the word of the Lord was rare;Ps 74:9; La 2:9; Eze 7:26 there were not many visions.Am 8:11

One night Eli, whose eyes1Sa 4:15 were becoming so weak that he could barely see,S Ge 27:1 was lying down in his usual place.The lampEx 25:31-38; Lev 24:1-4 of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the house1Sa 1:9 of the Lord, where the arkDt 10:1-5; 1Ki 6:19; 8:1 of God was.Then the Lord called Samuel.

Samuel answered, “Here I am.S Ge 22:1; S Ex 3:4And he ran to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.”

But Eli said, “I did not call; go back and lie down.” So he went and lay down.

Again the Lord called, “Samuel!” And Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.”

“My son,” Eli said, “I did not call; go back and lie down.”

Now Samuel did not yet know1Sa 2:12 the Lord: The wordJer 1:2 of the Lord had not yet been revealedS Nu 12:6; Am 3:7 to him.

A third time the Lord called, “Samuel!” And Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.”

Then Eli realized that the Lord was calling the boy.So Eli told Samuel, “Go and lie down, and if he calls you, say, ‘Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.’” So Samuel went and lay down in his place.

10 The Lord came and stood there, calling as at the other times, “Samuel! Samuel!Ex 3:4

Then Samuel said, “Speak, for your servant is listening.”

11 And the Lord said to Samuel: “See, I am about to do something in Israel that will make the ears of everyone who hears about it tingle.2Ki 21:12; Job 15:21; Jer 19:312 At that time I will carry out against Eli everythingS 1Sa 2:27-36 I spoke against his family—from beginning to end.13 For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons blasphemed God,An ancient Hebrew scribal tradition (see also Septuagint); Masoretic Text sons made themselves contemptible and he failed to restrain1Ki 1:6 them.14 Therefore I swore to the house of Eli, ‘The guilt of Eli’s house will never be atonedS 1Sa 2:25 for by sacrifice or offering.’”

15 Samuel lay down until morning and then opened the doors of the house of the Lord. He was afraid to tell Eli the vision,16 but Eli called him and said, “Samuel, my son.”

Samuel answered, “Here I am.”

17 “What was it he said to you?” Eli asked. “Do not hide1Ki 22:14; Jer 23:28; 38:14; 42:4 it from me. May God deal with you, be it ever so severely,S Ru 1:17 if you hide from me anything he told you.”18 So Samuel told him everything, hiding nothing from him. Then Eli said, “He is the Lord; let him do what is good in his eyes.”S Jdg 10:15

19 The Lord was withS Ge 21:22; S Nu 14:43 Samuel as he grewS Jdg 13:24 up, and he let none1Sa 9:6 of Samuel’s words fall to the ground.20 And all Israel from Dan to BeershebaS Jdg 20:1 recognized that Samuel was attested as a prophet of the Lord.S Dt 18:22; Eze 33:3321 The Lord continued to appear at Shiloh, and there he revealedS Nu 12:6 himself to Samuel through his word.

And Samuel’s word came to all Israel.

The Philistines Capture the Ark

Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer,1Sa 5:1; 7:12 and the Philistines at Aphek.Jos 12:18; 1Sa 29:1; 1Ki 20:26The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield.When the soldiers returned to camp, the elders of Israel asked, “WhyJos 7:7 did the Lord bring defeat on us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the arkS Jos 6:7 of the Lord’s covenant from Shiloh,S Jos 18:1; S 1Sa 2:32 so that he may go with us2Ch 13:8 and save us from the hand of our enemies.”

So the people sent men to Shiloh, and they brought back the ark of the covenant of the Lord Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim.S Ge 3:24; S Ex 25:22 And Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

When the ark of the Lord’s covenant came into the camp, all Israel raised such a great shoutS Jos 6:5, 10 that the ground shook.Hearing the uproar, the Philistines asked, “What’s all this shouting in the HebrewS Ge 14:13 camp?”

When they learned that the ark of the Lord had come into the camp,the Philistines were afraid.S Ex 15:14 “A god hasOr “Gods have (see Septuagint) come into the camp,” they said. “Oh no! Nothing like this has happened before.We’re doomed! Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? They are the gods who struckEx 12:30; 1Sa 5:12 the Egyptians with all kinds of plaguesRev 11:6 in the wilderness.Be strong, Philistines! Be men, or you will be subject to the Hebrews, as theyS Jdg 13:1 have been to you. Be men, and fight!”

10 So the Philistines fought, and the Israelites were defeatedS Dt 28:25 and every man fled to his tent. The slaughter was very great; Israel lost thirty thousand foot soldiers.11 The ark of God was captured, and Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, died.Ps 78:64; Jer 7:12

Death of Eli

12 That same day a BenjamiteEze 24:26; 33:21 ran from the battle line and went to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dustS Jos 7:6; S 2Sa 1:2 on his head.13 When he arrived, there was Eliver 18 sitting on his chair by the side of the road, watching, because his heart feared for the ark of God. When the man entered the town and told what had happened, the whole town sent up a cry.

14 Eli heard the outcry and asked, “What is the meaning of this uproar?”

The man hurried over to Eli,15 who was ninety-eight years old and whose eyesS 1Sa 3:2 had failed so that he could not see.16 He told Eli, “I have just come from the battle line; I fled from it this very day.”

Eli asked, “What happened, my son?”

17 The man who brought the news replied, “Israel fled before the Philistines, and the army has suffered heavy losses. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead,1Sa 22:18; Ps 78:64 and the ark of God has been captured.”Ps 78:61

18 When he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell backward off his chair by the side of the gate. His neck was broken and he died, for he was an old man, and he was heavy. He had ledTraditionally judgedS Jdg 2:16; S 16:31 Israel forty years.1Sa 2:31

19 His daughter-in-law, the wife of Phinehas, was pregnant and near the time of delivery. When she heard the news that the ark of God had been captured and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she went into labor and gave birth, but was overcome by her labor pains.20 As she was dying, the women attending her said, “Don’t despair; you have given birth to a son.” But she did not respond or pay any attention.

21 She named the boy Ichabod,Ichabod means no glory.S Ge 35:18 saying, “The GloryS Ex 24:16; Ps 106:20; Jer 2:11; Eze 1:28; 9:3; 10:18 has departed from Israel”—because of the capture of the ark of God and the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband.22 She said, “The GloryS Ex 24:16; Ps 78:61 has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”Jer 7:12

22 Now Eli was very old, but he was aware of what his sons were doing to the people of Israel. He knew, for instance, that his sons were seducing the young women who assisted at the entrance of the Tabernacle.Hebrew Tent of Meeting. Some manuscripts lack this entire sentence.23 Eli said to them, “I have been hearing reports from all the people about the wicked things you are doing. Why do you keep sinning?24 You must stop, my sons! The reports I hear among the Lord’s people are not good.25 If someone sins against another person, GodOr the judges. can mediate for the guilty party. But if someone sins against the Lord, who can intercede?” But Eli’s sons wouldn’t listen to their father, for the Lord was already planning to put them to death.

26 Meanwhile, the boy Samuel grew taller and grew in favor with the Lord and with the people.

A Warning for Eli’s Family

27 One day a man of God came to Eli and gave him this message from the Lord: “I revealed myselfAs in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew reads Did I reveal myself. to your ancestors when they were Pharaoh’s slaves in Egypt.28 I chose your ancestor AaronHebrew your father. from among all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer sacrifices on my altar, to burn incense, and to wear the priestly vestHebrew an ephod. as he served me. And I assigned the sacrificial offerings to you priests.29 So why do you scorn my sacrifices and offerings? Why do you give your sons more honor than you give me—for you and they have become fat from the best offerings of my people Israel!

30 “Therefore, the Lord, the God of Israel, says: I promised that your branch of the tribe of LeviHebrew that your house and your father’s house. would always be my priests. But I will honor those who honor me, and I will despise those who think lightly of me.31 The time is coming when I will put an end to your family, so it will no longer serve as my priests. All the members of your family will die before their time. None will reach old age.32 You will watch with envy as I pour out prosperity on the people of Israel. But no members of your family will ever live out their days.33 The few not cut off from serving at my altar will survive, but only so their eyes can go blind and their hearts break, and their children will die a violent death.As in Dead Sea Scrolls and Greek version, which read die by the sword; Masoretic Text reads die like mortals.34 And to prove that what I have said will come true, I will cause your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, to die on the same day!

35 “Then I will raise up a faithful priest who will serve me and do what I desire. I will establish his family, and they will be priests to my anointed kings forever.36 Then all of your surviving family will bow before him, begging for money and food. ‘Please,’ they will say, ‘give us jobs among the priests so we will have enough to eat.’”

The Lord Speaks to Samuel

Meanwhile, the boy Samuel served the Lord by assisting Eli. Now in those days messages from the Lord were very rare, and visions were quite uncommon.

One night Eli, who was almost blind by now, had gone to bed.The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was sleeping in the TabernacleHebrew the Temple of the Lord. near the Ark of God.Suddenly the Lord called out, “Samuel!”

“Yes?” Samuel replied. “What is it?”He got up and ran to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?”

“I didn’t call you,” Eli replied. “Go back to bed.” So he did.

Then the Lord called out again, “Samuel!”

Again Samuel got up and went to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?”

“I didn’t call you, my son,” Eli said. “Go back to bed.”

Samuel did not yet know the Lord because he had never had a message from the Lord before.So the Lord called a third time, and once more Samuel got up and went to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?”

Then Eli realized it was the Lord who was calling the boy.So he said to Samuel, “Go and lie down again, and if someone calls again, say, ‘Speak, Lord, your servant is listening.’” So Samuel went back to bed.

10 And the Lord came and called as before, “Samuel! Samuel!”

And Samuel replied, “Speak, your servant is listening.”

11 Then the Lord said to Samuel, “I am about to do a shocking thing in Israel.12 I am going to carry out all my threats against Eli and his family, from beginning to end.13 I have warned him that judgment is coming upon his family forever, because his sons are blaspheming GodAs in Greek version; Hebrew reads his sons have made themselves contemptible. and he hasn’t disciplined them.14 So I have vowed that the sins of Eli and his sons will never be forgiven by sacrifices or offerings.”

Samuel Speaks for the Lord

15 Samuel stayed in bed until morning, then got up and opened the doors of the TabernacleHebrew the house of the Lord. as usual. He was afraid to tell Eli what the Lord had said to him.16 But Eli called out to him, “Samuel, my son.”

“Here I am,” Samuel replied.

17 “What did the Lord say to you? Tell me everything. And may God strike you and even kill you if you hide anything from me!”18 So Samuel told Eli everything; he didn’t hold anything back. “It is the Lord’s will,” Eli replied. “Let him do what he thinks best.”

19 As Samuel grew up, the Lord was with him, and everything Samuel said proved to be reliable.20 And all Israel, from Dan in the north to Beersheba in the south, knew that Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the Lord.21 The Lord continued to appear at Shiloh and gave messages to Samuel there at the Tabernacle.And Samuel’s words went out to all the people of Israel.

The Philistines Capture the Ark

At that time Israel was at war with the Philistines. The Israelite army was camped near Ebenezer, and the Philistines were at Aphek.The Philistines attacked and defeated the army of Israel, killing 4,000 men.After the battle was over, the troops retreated to their camp, and the elders of Israel asked, “Why did the Lord allow us to be defeated by the Philistines?” Then they said, “Let’s bring the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord from Shiloh. If we carry it into battle with us, itOr he. will save us from our enemies.”

So they sent men to Shiloh to bring the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, who is enthroned between the cherubim. Hophni and Phinehas, the sons of Eli, were also there with the Ark of the Covenant of God.When all the Israelites saw the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord coming into the camp, their shout of joy was so loud it made the ground shake!

“What’s going on?” the Philistines asked. “What’s all the shouting about in the Hebrew camp?” When they were told it was because the Ark of the Lord had arrived,they panicked. “The gods haveOr A god has. come into their camp!” they cried. “This is a disaster! We have never had to face anything like this before!Help! Who can save us from these mighty gods of Israel? They are the same gods who destroyed the Egyptians with plagues when Israel was in the wilderness.Fight as never before, Philistines! If you don’t, we will become the Hebrews’ slaves just as they have been ours! Stand up like men and fight!”

10 So the Philistines fought desperately, and Israel was defeated again. The slaughter was great; 30,000 Israelite soldiers died that day. The survivors turned and fled to their tents.11 The Ark of God was captured, and Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were killed.

The Death of Eli

12 A man from the tribe of Benjamin ran from the battlefield and arrived at Shiloh later that same day. He had torn his clothes and put dust on his head to show his grief.13 Eli was waiting beside the road to hear the news of the battle, for his heart trembled for the safety of the Ark of God. When the messenger arrived and told what had happened, an outcry resounded throughout the town.

14 “What is all the noise about?” Eli asked.

The messenger rushed over to Eli,15 who was ninety-eight years old and blind.16 He said to Eli, “I have just come from the battlefield—I was there this very day.”

“What happened, my son?” Eli demanded.

17 “Israel has been defeated by the Philistines,” the messenger replied. “The people have been slaughtered, and your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were also killed. And the Ark of God has been captured.”

18 When the messenger mentioned what had happened to the Ark of God, Eli fell backward from his seat beside the gate. He broke his neck and died, for he was old and overweight. He had been Israel’s judge for forty years.

19 Eli’s daughter-in-law, the wife of Phinehas, was pregnant and near her time of delivery. When she heard that the Ark of God had been captured and that her father-in-law and husband were dead, she went into labor and gave birth.20 She died in childbirth, but before she passed away the midwives tried to encourage her. “Don’t be afraid,” they said. “You have a baby boy!” But she did not answer or pay attention to them.

21 She named the child Ichabod (which means “Where is the glory?”), for she said, “Israel’s glory is gone.” She named him this because the Ark of God had been captured and because her father-in-law and husband were dead.22 Then she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the Ark of God has been captured.”

22 Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

23 And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I hear of your evil dealings by all this people.

24 Nay, my sons; for it is no good report that I hear: ye make the Lord's people to transgress.

25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the Lord, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the Lord would slay them.

26 And the child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with the Lord, and also with men.

27 And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house?

28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel?

29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded in my habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?

30 Wherefore the Lord God of Israel saith, I said indeed that thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the Lord saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.

31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.

32 And thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation, in all the wealth which God shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever.

33 And the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from mine altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age.

34 And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them.

35 And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever.

36 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left in thine house shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priests' offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.

And the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli. And the word of the Lord was precious in those days; there was no open vision.

And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see;

And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

That the Lord called Samuel: and he answered, Here am I.

And he ran unto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou calledst me. And he said, I called not; lie down again. And he went and lay down.

And the Lord called yet again, Samuel. And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And he answered, I called not, my son; lie down again.

Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, neither was the word of the Lord yet revealed unto him.

And the Lord called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And Eli perceived that the Lord had called the child.

Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, Go, lie down: and it shall be, if he call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, Lord; for thy servant heareth. So Samuel went and lay down in his place.

10 And the Lord came, and stood, and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel answered, Speak; for thy servant heareth.

11 And the Lord said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle.

12 In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an end.

13 For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever for the iniquity which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not.

14 And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever.

15 And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the Lord. And Samuel feared to shew Eli the vision.

16 Then Eli called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. And he answered, Here am I.

17 And he said, What is the thing that the Lord hath said unto thee? I pray thee hide it not from me: God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide any thing from me of all the things that he said unto thee.

18 And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It is the Lord: let him do what seemeth him good.

19 And Samuel grew, and the Lord was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground.

20 And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the Lord.

21 And the Lord appeared again in Shiloh: for the Lord revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the Lord.

And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.

And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men.

And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Wherefore hath the Lord smitten us to day before the Philistines? Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the Lord out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.

So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

And when the ark of the covenant of the Lord came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang again.

And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, What meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews? And they understood that the ark of the Lord was come into the camp.

And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, God is come into the camp. And they said, Woe unto us! for there hath not been such a thing heretofore.

Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods? these are the Gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness.

Be strong and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines, that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you: quit yourselves like men, and fight.

10 And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.

11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.

12 And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head.

13 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out.

14 And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said, What meaneth the noise of this tumult? And the man came in hastily, and told Eli.

15 Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes were dim, that he could not see.

16 And the man said unto Eli, I am he that came out of the army, and I fled to day out of the army. And he said, What is there done, my son?

17 And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistines, and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken.

18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years.

19 And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, near to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her.

20 And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast born a son. But she answered not, neither did she regard it.

21 And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.

22 And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God is taken.

John 5:24-47

24 “Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent meS Mt 10:40; S Jn 3:15; S 3:17 has eternal lifeS Mt 25:46 and will not be judgedJn 3:18 but has crossed over from death to life.1Jn 3:1425 Very truly I tell you, a time is coming and has now comeJn 4:23; 16:32 when the dead will hearJn 8:43, 47 the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live.26 For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have lifeDt 30:20; Job 10:12; 33:4; Ps 36:9; S Jn 1:4 in himself.27 And he has given him authority to judgeS ver 22 because he is the Son of Man.

28 “Do not be amazed at this, for a time is comingJn 4:21; 16:2 when all who are in their graves will hear his voice29 and come out—those who have done what is good will rise to live, and those who have done what is evil will rise to be condemned.S Mt 25:4630 By myself I can do nothing;ver 19 I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just,Isa 28:6; Jn 8:16 for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me.S Mt 26:39

Testimonies About Jesus

31 “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not true.Jn 8:1432 There is another who testifies in my favor,ver 37; Jn 8:18 and I know that his testimony about me is true.

33 “You have sent to John and he has testifiedS Jn 1:7 to the truth.34 Not that I accept human testimony;1Jn 5:9 but I mention it that you may be saved.Ac 16:30, 31; Eph 2:8; Tit 3:535 John was a lamp that burned and gave light,Da 12:3; 2Pe 1:19 and you chose for a time to enjoy his light.

36 “I have testimony weightier than that of John.1Jn 5:9 For the works that the Father has given me to finish—the very works that I am doingJn 14:11; 15:24—testify that the Father has sent me.S Jn 3:1737 And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me.Jn 8:18 You have never heard his voice nor seen his form,Dt 4:12; 1Ti 1:17; S Jn 1:1838 nor does his word dwell in you,1Jn 1:10; 2:14 for you do not believeIsa 26:10 the one he sent.S Jn 3:1739 You studyOr 39 Study the ScripturesRo 2:17, 18 diligently because you think that in them you have eternal life.S Mt 25:46 These are the very Scriptures that testify about me,S Lk 24:27, 44; Ac 13:2740 yet you refuse to come to meJn 6:44 to have life.

41 “I do not accept glory from human beings,ver 4442 but I know you. I know that you do not have the love of God in your hearts.43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me; but if someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him.44 How can you believe since you accept glory from one another but do not seek the glory that comes from the only GodSome early manuscripts the Only One?S Ro 2:29

45 “But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses,Jn 9:28 on whom your hopes are set.Ro 2:1746 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me.Ge 3:15; S Lk 24:27, 44; Ac 26:2247 But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”Lk 16:29, 31

24 “I tell you the truth, those who listen to my message and believe in God who sent me have eternal life. They will never be condemned for their sins, but they have already passed from death into life.

25 “And I assure you that the time is coming, indeed it’s here now, when the dead will hear my voice—the voice of the Son of God. And those who listen will live.26 The Father has life in himself, and he has granted that same life-giving power to his Son.27 And he has given him authority to judge everyone because he is the Son of Man.“Son of Man” is a title Jesus used for himself.28 Don’t be so surprised! Indeed, the time is coming when all the dead in their graves will hear the voice of God’s Son,29 and they will rise again. Those who have done good will rise to experience eternal life, and those who have continued in evil will rise to experience judgment.30 I can do nothing on my own. I judge as God tells me. Therefore, my judgment is just, because I carry out the will of the one who sent me, not my own will.

Witnesses to Jesus

31 “If I were to testify on my own behalf, my testimony would not be valid.32 But someone else is also testifying about me, and I assure you that everything he says about me is true.33 In fact, you sent investigators to listen to John the Baptist, and his testimony about me was true.34 Of course, I have no need of human witnesses, but I say these things so you might be saved.35 John was like a burning and shining lamp, and you were excited for a while about his message.36 But I have a greater witness than John—my teachings and my miracles. The Father gave me these works to accomplish, and they prove that he sent me.37 And the Father who sent me has testified about me himself. You have never heard his voice or seen him face to face,38 and you do not have his message in your hearts, because you do not believe me—the one he sent to you.

39 “You search the Scriptures because you think they give you eternal life. But the Scriptures point to me!40 Yet you refuse to come to me to receive this life.

41 “Your approval means nothing to me,42 because I know you don’t have God’s love within you.43 For I have come to you in my Father’s name, and you have rejected me. Yet if others come in their own name, you gladly welcome them.44 No wonder you can’t believe! For you gladly honor each other, but you don’t care about the honor that comes from the one who alone is God.Some manuscripts read from the only One.

45 “Yet it isn’t I who will accuse you before the Father. Moses will accuse you! Yes, Moses, in whom you put your hopes.46 If you really believed Moses, you would believe me, because he wrote about me.47 But since you don’t believe what he wrote, how will you believe what I say?”

24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.

26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;

27 And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,

29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.

30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.

31 If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true.

32 There is another that beareth witness of me; and I know that the witness which he witnesseth of me is true.

33 Ye sent unto John, and he bare witness unto the truth.

34 But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that ye might be saved.

35 He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.

36 But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me.

37 And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape.

38 And ye have not his word abiding in you: for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not.

39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

40 And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.

41 I receive not honour from men.

42 But I know you, that ye have not the love of God in you.

43 I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.

44 How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that cometh from God only?

45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust.

46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me; for he wrote of me.

47 But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?

Psalm 106:1-12

Psalm 106106:1, 47-48pp — 1Ch 16:34-36

Praise the Lord.Hebrew Hallelu Yah; also in verse 48S Ps 22:23; S 103:2

Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good;S Ps 119:68

his love endures forever.S Ezr 3:11; Ps 136:1-26; Jer 33:11

Who can proclaim the mighty actsS Ps 71:16 of the Lord

or fully declare his praise?

Blessed are those who act justly,Ps 112:5; Hos 12:6

who always do what is right.Ps 15:2

Remember me,Ps 25:6, 7 Lord, when you show favorS Ps 77:7 to your people,

come to my aidS Ge 50:24 when you save them,

that I may enjoy the prosperityS Dt 30:15; Ps 1:3 of your chosen ones,S Ps 105:6

that I may share in the joyPs 20:5; 27:6; 47:5; 118:15 of your nation

and join your inheritanceS Ex 34:9 in giving praise.

We have sinned,S 1Ki 8:47; S Ro 3:9 even as our ancestorsS 2Ch 30:7 did;

we have done wrong and acted wickedly.Ne 1:7

When our ancestors were in Egypt,

they gave no thoughtS Jdg 3:7 to your miracles;

they did not rememberPs 78:11, 42 your many kindnesses,

and they rebelled by the sea,Ex 14:11-12 the Red Sea.Or the Sea of Reeds; also in verses 9 and 22

Yet he saved themEx 14:30; S Ps 80:3; 107:13; Isa 25:9; Joel 2:32 for his name’s sake,S Ex 9:16; S Ps 23:3

to make his mighty powerS Ex 14:31 known.

He rebukedPs 18:15; Isa 50:2 the Red Sea, and it dried up;S Ex 14:21; Na 1:4

he led them throughPs 78:13; Isa 63:11-14 the depths as through a desert.

10 He saved themEx 14:30; Ps 107:13 from the hand of the foe;S Ps 78:53

from the hand of the enemy he redeemed them.Ps 78:42; 107:2; Isa 35:9; 62:12

11 The waters coveredS Ex 14:28 their adversaries;

not one of them survived.

12 Then they believed his promises

and sang his praise.Ex 15:1-21; S Ps 105:43

Psalm 106

Praise the Lord!

Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good!

His faithful love endures forever.

Who can list the glorious miracles of the Lord?

Who can ever praise him enough?

There is joy for those who deal justly with others

and always do what is right.

Remember me, Lord, when you show favor to your people;

come near and rescue me.

Let me share in the prosperity of your chosen ones.

Let me rejoice in the joy of your people;

let me praise you with those who are your heritage.

Like our ancestors, we have sinned.

We have done wrong! We have acted wickedly!

Our ancestors in Egypt

were not impressed by the Lord’s miraculous deeds.

They soon forgot his many acts of kindness to them.

Instead, they rebelled against him at the Red Sea.Hebrew at the sea, the sea of reeds.

Even so, he saved them—

to defend the honor of his name

and to demonstrate his mighty power.

He commanded the Red SeaHebrew sea of reeds; also in 106:22. to dry up.

He led Israel across the sea as if it were a desert.

10 So he rescued them from their enemies

and redeemed them from their foes.

11 Then the water returned and covered their enemies;

not one of them survived.

12 Then his people believed his promises.

Then they sang his praise.

106 Praise ye the Lord. O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.

Who can utter the mighty acts of the Lord? who can shew forth all his praise?

Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that doeth righteousness at all times.

Remember me, O Lord, with the favour that thou bearest unto thy people: O visit me with thy salvation;

That I may see the good of thy chosen, that I may rejoice in the gladness of thy nation, that I may glory with thine inheritance.

We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly.

Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked him at the sea, even at the Red sea.

Nevertheless he saved them for his name's sake, that he might make his mighty power to be known.

He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up: so he led them through the depths, as through the wilderness.

10 And he saved them from the hand of him that hated them, and redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.

11 And the waters covered their enemies: there was not one of them left.

12 Then believed they his words; they sang his praise.

Proverbs 14:30-31

30 A heart at peace gives life to the body,

but envy rots the bones.Pr 17:22

31 Whoever oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker,Pr 17:5

but whoever is kind to the needy honors God.S Dt 24:14; S Job 20:19; S Mt 10:42

30 A peaceful heart leads to a healthy body;

jealousy is like cancer in the bones.

31 Those who oppress the poor insult their Maker,

but helping the poor honors him.

30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.

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