Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Are you a disciple of Philip or a disciple of Andrew? There were obvious differences in their answers when Jesus asked both of them what they should do about the hungry multitude. His question was merely a test of their faith.

Philip saw the facts. His whole perspective was intellectual and negative, without any regard for spiritual vision. Anyone can rehearse the facts to God, but the facts aren't important to Him-He made the facts! Like Philip, the Israelites tested God's patience on their journey through the wilderness (Psalm 106:14). They could see only the facts: no food, no water, and no meat. But Jesus was there all the time, ready to provide for whatever needs they had.

Andrew, on the other hand, saw the vision. He had a spiritual and positive perspective that allowed God to work miracles. Jesus is with you in the wilderness, and you, like Andrew, can believe in Him for miracles. He already knows what wonders He wants to perform on your behalf.

Will you be a disciple of Philip or of Andrew?

1 Samuel 5:1-7:17

The Ark in Ashdod and Ekron

After the Philistines had captured the ark of God, they took it from EbenezerS 1Sa 4:1 to Ashdod.S Jos 11:22; S 13:3Then they carried the ark into Dagon’s temple and set it beside Dagon.S Jdg 16:23; Isa 2:18; 19:1; 46:1When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, there was Dagon, fallenIsa 40:20; 41:7; 46:7; Jer 10:4 on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! They took Dagon and put him back in his place.But the following morning when they rose, there was Dagon, fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! His head and hands had been brokenEze 6:6; Mic 1:7 off and were lying on the threshold; only his body remained.That is why to this day neither the priests of Dagon nor any others who enter Dagon’s temple at Ashdod step on the threshold.Zep 1:9

The Lord’s handS Ex 9:3; Ac 13:11 was heavy on the people of Ashdod and its vicinity; he brought devastation2Sa 6:7; Ps 78:66 on them and afflicted them with tumors.Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate tumors. And rats appeared in their land, and there was death and destruction throughout the cityS Ex 15:26; 1Sa 6:5When the people of Ashdod saw what was happening, they said, “The ark of the god of Israel must not stay here with us, because his hand is heavy on us and on Dagon our god.”So they called together all the rulersS Jdg 16:18 of the Philistines and asked them, “What shall we do with the ark of the god of Israel?”

They answered, “Have the ark of the god of Israel moved to Gath.S Jos 11:22” So they moved the ark of the God of Israel.

But after they had moved it, the Lord’s hand was against that city, throwing it into a great panic.S Ex 14:24 He afflicted the people of the city, both young and old, with an outbreak of tumors.Or with tumors in the groin (see Septuagint)10 So they sent the ark of God to Ekron.S Jos 13:3

As the ark of God was entering Ekron, the people of Ekron cried out, “They have brought the ark of the god of Israel around to us to kill us and our people.”11 So they called together all the rulersver 8 of the Philistines and said, “Send the ark of the god of Israel away; let it go back to its own place, or itOr he will kill us and our people.” For death had filled the city with panic; God’s hand was very heavy on it.12 Those who did not dieS 1Sa 4:8 were afflicted with tumors, and the outcry of the city went up to heaven.

The Ark Returned to Israel

When the ark of the Lord had been in Philistine territory seven months,the Philistines called for the priests and the divinersS Ex 7:11; S Isa 44:25 and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? Tell us how we should send it back to its place.”

They answered, “If you return the ark of the god of Israel, do not send it back to him without a gift;S Ex 22:29; S 34:20 by all means send a guilt offeringS Lev 5:15 to him. Then you will be healed, and you will know why his handver 9 has not been lifted from you.”

The Philistines asked, “What guilt offering should we send to him?”

They replied, “Five gold tumors and five gold rats, according to the numberS Jos 13:3 of the Philistine rulers, because the same plague2Sa 24:25 has struck both you and your rulers.Make models of the tumorsS 1Sa 5:6-11 and of the rats that are destroying the country, and give gloryS Jos 7:19; Rev 14:7 to Israel’s god. Perhaps he will lift his hand from you and your gods and your land.Why do you hardenS Ex 4:21 your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh did? When Israel’s god dealt harshly with them,Ex 10:2 did theyS Ex 12:33 not send the Israelites out so they could go on their way?

“Now then, get a new cart2Sa 6:3; 1Ch 13:7 ready, with two cows that have calved and have never been yoked.S Nu 19:2 Hitch the cows to the cart, but take their calves away and pen them up.Take the ark of the Lord and put it on the cart, and in a chest beside it put the gold objects you are sending back to him as a guilt offering. Send it on its way,but keep watching it. If it goes up to its own territory, toward Beth Shemesh,S Jos 15:10; 21:16 then the Lord has brought this great disaster on us. But if it does not, then we will know that it was not his hand that struck us but that it happened to us by chance.”

10 So they did this. They took two such cows and hitched them to the cart and penned up their calves.11 They placed the ark of the Lord on the cart and along with it the chest containing the gold rats and the models of the tumors.12 Then the cows went straight up toward Beth Shemesh, keeping on the road and lowing all the way; they did not turn to the right or to the left. The rulers of the Philistines followed them as far as the border of Beth Shemesh.

13 Now the people of Beth Shemesh were harvesting their wheatS Ge 30:14; Ru 2:23; 1Sa 12:17 in the valley, and when they looked up and saw the ark, they rejoiced at the sight.14 The cart came to the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh, and there it stopped beside a large rock. The people chopped up the wood of the cart and sacrificed the cows as a burnt offering1Sa 11:7; 2Sa 24:22; 1Ki 19:21 to the Lord.15 The LevitesJos 3:3 took down the ark of the Lord, together with the chest containing the gold objects, and placed them on the large rock.ver 18 On that day the people of Beth ShemeshJos 21:16 offered burnt offerings and made sacrifices to the Lord.16 The five rulers of the Philistines saw all this and then returned that same day to Ekron.

17 These are the gold tumors the Philistines sent as a guilt offering to the Lord—one eachS Jos 13:3 for Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath and Ekron.18 And the number of the gold rats was according to the number of Philistine towns belonging to the five rulers—the fortified towns with their country villages. The large rock on which the Levites set the ark of the Lord is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.

19 But God struck down2Sa 6:7 some of the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh, putting seventyA few Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint 50,070 of them to death because they lookedS Ex 19:21 into the ark of the Lord. The people mourned because of the heavy blow the Lord had dealt them.20 And the people of Beth Shemesh asked, “Who can stand2Sa 6:9; Ps 130:3; Mal 3:2; Rev 6:17 in the presence of the Lord, this holyS Lev 11:45 God? To whom will the ark go up from here?”

21 Then they sent messengers to the people of Kiriath Jearim,S Jos 9:17 saying, “The Philistines have returned the ark of the Lord. Come down and take it up to your town.”So the men of Kiriath Jearim came and took up the arkS Jos 6:7 of the Lord. They brought it to Abinadab’s2Sa 6:3; 1Ch 13:7 house on the hill and consecrated Eleazar his son to guard the ark of the Lord.The ark remained at Kiriath Jearim1Ch 13:5; Ps 132:6 a long time—twenty years in all.

Samuel Subdues the Philistines at Mizpah

Then all the people of Israel turned back to the Lord.1Ch 13:3So Samuel said to all the Israelites, “If you are returningDt 30:10; 2Ki 18:5; 23:25; Jer 24:7 to the Lord with all your hearts, then ridS Ge 31:19; S Jos 24:14 yourselves of the foreign gods and the AshtorethsS Jdg 2:12-13; 1Sa 12:10; 31:10 and commitJoel 2:12 yourselves to the Lord and serve him only,S Dt 6:13; Mt 4:10; Lk 4:8 and he will deliverS Jdg 2:18 you out of the hand of the Philistines.”So the Israelites put away their Baals and Ashtoreths, and served the Lord only.

Then SamuelS 1Sa 1:20; Ps 99:6; Jer 15:1 said, “Assemble all Israel at Mizpah,S Jos 11:3; Jdg 21:5; 1Sa 10:17 and I will intercedeS ver 8; S Ge 20:7; S Dt 9:19 with the Lord for you.”When they had assembled at Mizpah,S Jos 11:3 they drew water and pouredLa 2:19 it out before the Lord. On that day they fasted and there they confessed, “We have sinned against the Lord.” Now Samuel was serving as leaderTraditionally judge; also in verse 15S Jdg 2:16; S 16:31 of Israel at Mizpah.

When the Philistines heard that Israel had assembled at Mizpah, the rulers of the Philistines came up to attack them. When the Israelites heard of it, they were afraid1Sa 17:11 because of the Philistines.They said to Samuel, “Do not stop cryingver 5; S Ex 32:30; S Nu 21:7; 1Sa 12:19, 23; 1Ki 18:24; Isa 37:4; Jer 15:1; 27:18 out to the Lord our God for us, that he may rescue us from the hand of the Philistines.”Then SamuelPs 99:6 took a suckling lamb and sacrificed it as a whole burnt offering to the Lord. He cried out to the Lord on Israel’s behalf, and the Lord answered him.S Ex 32:11; S Dt 9:19

10 While Samuel was sacrificing the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to engage Israel in battle. But that day the Lord thunderedS Ex 9:23; S 1Sa 2:10 with loud thunder against the Philistines and threw them into such a panicS Ge 35:5; S Ex 14:24 that they were routed before the Israelites.11 The men of Israel rushed out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, slaughtering them along the way to a point below Beth Kar.

12 Then Samuel took a stoneS Ge 28:22; S Dt 27:2; Jos 4:9 and set it up between Mizpah and Shen. He named it Ebenezer,Ebenezer means stone of help.S 1Sa 4:1 saying, “Thus far the Lord has helped us.”

13 So the Philistines were subduedJdg 13:1, 5 and they stopped invading Israel’s territory. Throughout Samuel’s lifetime, the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines.14 The towns from EkronS Jos 13:3 to Gath that the Philistines had captured from Israel were restored to Israel, and Israel delivered the neighboring territory from the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites.S Jdg 1:34

15 Samuelver 6; 1Sa 12:11 continued as Israel’s leaderS Jdg 2:16 allJdg 2:18 the days of his life.16 From year to year he went on a circuit from BethelS Ge 12:8 to GilgalS Jos 10:43; S 1Sa 10:8; Am 5:5 to Mizpah, judgingver 6; Ac 13:20 Israel in all those places.17 But he always went back to Ramah,S Jos 18:25; 1Sa 8:4; 15:34; 19:18; 25:1; 28:3 where his home was, and there he also held courtver 6 for Israel. And he built an altar1Sa 9:12; 14:35; 20:6; 2Sa 24:25 there to the Lord.

The Ark in Philistia

After the Philistines captured the Ark of God, they took it from the battleground at Ebenezer to the town of Ashdod.They carried the Ark of God into the temple of Dagon and placed it beside an idol of Dagon.But when the citizens of Ashdod went to see it the next morning, Dagon had fallen with his face to the ground in front of the Ark of the Lord! So they took Dagon and put him in his place again.But the next morning the same thing happened—Dagon had fallen face down before the Ark of the Lord again. This time his head and hands had broken off and were lying in the doorway. Only the trunk of his body was left intact.That is why to this day neither the priests of Dagon nor anyone who enters the temple of Dagon in Ashdod will step on its threshold.

Then the Lord’s heavy hand struck the people of Ashdod and the nearby villages with a plague of tumors.Greek version and Latin Vulgate read tumors; and rats appeared in their land, and death and destruction were throughout the city.When the people realized what was happening, they cried out, “We can’t keep the Ark of the God of Israel here any longer! He is against us! We will all be destroyed along with Dagon, our god.”So they called together the rulers of the Philistine towns and asked, “What should we do with the Ark of the God of Israel?”

The rulers discussed it and replied, “Move it to the town of Gath.” So they moved the Ark of the God of Israel to Gath.But when the Ark arrived at Gath, the Lord’s heavy hand fell on its men, young and old; he struck them with a plague of tumors, and there was a great panic.

10 So they sent the Ark of God to the town of Ekron, but when the people of Ekron saw it coming they cried out, “They are bringing the Ark of the God of Israel here to kill us, too!”11 The people summoned the Philistine rulers again and begged them, “Please send the Ark of the God of Israel back to its own country, or itOr he. will kill us all.” For the deadly plague from God had already begun, and great fear was sweeping across the town.12 Those who didn’t die were afflicted with tumors; and the cry from the town rose to heaven.

The Philistines Return the Ark

The Ark of the Lord remained in Philistine territory seven months in all.Then the Philistines called in their priests and diviners and asked them, “What should we do about the Ark of the Lord? Tell us how to return it to its own country.”

“Send the Ark of the God of Israel back with a gift,” they were told. “Send a guilt offering so the plague will stop. Then, if you are healed, you will know it was his hand that caused the plague.”

“What sort of guilt offering should we send?” they asked.

And they were told, “Since the plague has struck both you and your five rulers, make five gold tumors and five gold rats, just like those that have ravaged your land.Make these things to show honor to the God of Israel. Perhaps then he will stop afflicting you, your gods, and your land.Don’t be stubborn and rebellious as Pharaoh and the Egyptians were. By the time God was finished with them, they were eager to let Israel go.

“Now build a new cart, and find two cows that have just given birth to calves. Make sure the cows have never been yoked to a cart. Hitch the cows to the cart, but shut their calves away from them in a pen.Put the Ark of the Lord on the cart, and beside it place a chest containing the gold rats and gold tumors you are sending as a guilt offering. Then let the cows go wherever they want.If they cross the border of our land and go to Beth-shemesh, we will know it was the Lord who brought this great disaster upon us. If they don’t, we will know it was not his hand that caused the plague. It came simply by chance.”

10 So these instructions were carried out. Two cows were hitched to the cart, and their newborn calves were shut up in a pen.11 Then the Ark of the Lord and the chest containing the gold rats and gold tumors were placed on the cart.12 And sure enough, without veering off in other directions, the cows went straight along the road toward Beth-shemesh, lowing as they went. The Philistine rulers followed them as far as the border of Beth-shemesh.

13 The people of Beth-shemesh were harvesting wheat in the valley, and when they saw the Ark, they were overjoyed!14 The cart came into the field of a man named Joshua and stopped beside a large rock. So the people broke up the wood of the cart for a fire and killed the cows and sacrificed them to the Lord as a burnt offering.15 Several men of the tribe of Levi lifted the Ark of the Lord and the chest containing the gold rats and gold tumors from the cart and placed them on the large rock. Many sacrifices and burnt offerings were offered to the Lord that day by the people of Beth-shemesh.16 The five Philistine rulers watched all this and then returned to Ekron that same day.

17 The five gold tumors sent by the Philistines as a guilt offering to the Lord were gifts from the rulers of Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron.18 The five gold rats represented the five Philistine towns and their surrounding villages, which were controlled by the five rulers. The large rockAs in some Hebrew manuscripts and Greek version; most Hebrew manuscripts read great meadow or Abel-haggedolah. at Beth-shemesh, where they set the Ark of the Lord, still stands in the field of Joshua as a witness to what happened there.

The Ark Moved to Kiriath-Jearim

19 But the Lord killed seventy menAs in a few Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts read 70 men, 50,000 men. Perhaps the text should be understood to read the Lord killed 70 men and 50 oxen. from Beth-shemesh because they looked into the Ark of the Lord. And the people mourned greatly because of what the Lord had done.20 “Who is able to stand in the presence of the Lord, this holy God?” they cried out. “Where can we send the Ark from here?”

21 So they sent messengers to the people at Kiriath-jearim and told them, “The Philistines have returned the Ark of the Lord. Come here and get it!”

So the men of Kiriath-jearim came to get the Ark of the Lord. They took it to the hillside home of Abinadab and ordained Eleazar, his son, to be in charge of it.The Ark remained in Kiriath-jearim for a long time—twenty years in all. During that time all Israel mourned because it seemed the Lord had abandoned them.

Samuel Leads Israel to Victory

Then Samuel said to all the people of Israel, “If you want to return to the Lord with all your hearts, get rid of your foreign gods and your images of Ashtoreth. Turn your hearts to the Lord and obey him alone; then he will rescue you from the Philistines.”So the Israelites got rid of their images of Baal and Ashtoreth and worshiped only the Lord.

Then Samuel told them, “Gather all of Israel to Mizpah, and I will pray to the Lord for you.”So they gathered at Mizpah and, in a great ceremony, drew water from a well and poured it out before the Lord. They also went without food all day and confessed that they had sinned against the Lord. (It was at Mizpah that Samuel became Israel’s judge.)

When the Philistine rulers heard that Israel had gathered at Mizpah, they mobilized their army and advanced. The Israelites were badly frightened when they learned that the Philistines were approaching.“Don’t stop pleading with the Lord our God to save us from the Philistines!” they begged Samuel.So Samuel took a young lamb and offered it to the Lord as a whole burnt offering. He pleaded with the Lord to help Israel, and the Lord answered him.

10 Just as Samuel was sacrificing the burnt offering, the Philistines arrived to attack Israel. But the Lord spoke with a mighty voice of thunder from heaven that day, and the Philistines were thrown into such confusion that the Israelites defeated them.11 The men of Israel chased them from Mizpah to a place below Beth-car, slaughtering them all along the way.

12 Samuel then took a large stone and placed it between the towns of Mizpah and Jeshanah.As in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew reads Shen. He named it Ebenezer (which means “the stone of help”), for he said, “Up to this point the Lord has helped us!”

13 So the Philistines were subdued and didn’t invade Israel again for some time. And throughout Samuel’s lifetime, the Lord’s powerful hand was raised against the Philistines.14 The Israelite villages near Ekron and Gath that the Philistines had captured were restored to Israel, along with the rest of the territory that the Philistines had taken. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites in those days.

15 Samuel continued as Israel’s judge for the rest of his life.16 Each year he traveled around, setting up his court first at Bethel, then at Gilgal, and then at Mizpah. He judged the people of Israel at each of these places.17 Then he would return to his home at Ramah, and he would hear cases there, too. And Samuel built an altar to the Lord at Ramah.

And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer unto Ashdod.

When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before the ark of the Lord. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again.

And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the ground before the ark of the Lord; and the head of Dagon and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon the threshold; only the stump of Dagon was left to him.

Therefore neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day.

But the hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and smote them with emerods, even Ashdod and the coasts thereof.

And when the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, The ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us: for his hand is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our god.

They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about thither.

And it was so, that, after they had carried it about, the hand of the Lord was against the city with a very great destruction: and he smote the men of the city, both small and great, and they had emerods in their secret parts.

10 Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying, They have brought about the ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our people.

11 So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and said, Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people: for there was a deadly destruction throughout all the city; the hand of God was very heavy there.

12 And the men that died not were smitten with the emerods: and the cry of the city went up to heaven.

And the ark of the Lord was in the country of the Philistines seven months.

And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the Lord? tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place.

And they said, If ye send away the ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty; but in any wise return him a trespass offering: then ye shall be healed, and it shall be known to you why his hand is not removed from you.

Then said they, What shall be the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines: for one plague was on you all, and on your lords.

Wherefore ye shall make images of your emerods, and images of your mice that mar the land; and ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from off your land.

Wherefore then do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had wrought wonderfully among them, did they not let the people go, and they departed?

Now therefore make a new cart, and take two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them:

And take the ark of the Lord, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which ye return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away, that it may go.

And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then he hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that smote us: it was a chance that happened to us.

10 And the men did so; and took two milch kine, and tied them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home:

11 And they laid the ark of the Lord upon the cart, and the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their emerods.

12 And the kine took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Bethshemesh.

13 And they of Bethshemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley: and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it.

14 And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Bethshemite, and stood there, where there was a great stone: and they clave the wood of the cart, and offered the kine a burnt offering unto the Lord.

15 And the Levites took down the ark of the Lord, and the coffer that was with it, wherein the jewels of gold were, and put them on the great stone: and the men of Bethshemesh offered burnt offerings and sacrificed sacrifices the same day unto the Lord.

16 And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day.

17 And these are the golden emerods which the Philistines returned for a trespass offering unto the Lord; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;

18 And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel, whereon they set down the ark of the Lord: which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

19 And he smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of the Lord, even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore and ten men: and the people lamented, because the Lord had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter.

20 And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy Lord God? and to whom shall he go up from us?

21 And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjathjearim, saying, The Philistines have brought again the ark of the Lord; come ye down, and fetch it up to you.

And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the Lord, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the Lord.

And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord.

And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto the Lord with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods and Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto the Lord, and serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines.

Then the children of Israel did put away Baalim and Ashtaroth, and served the Lord only.

And Samuel said, Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the Lord.

And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the Lord, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh.

And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when the children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines.

And the children of Israel said to Samuel, Cease not to cry unto the Lord our God for us, that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines.

And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the Lord: and Samuel cried unto the Lord for Israel; and the Lord heard him.

10 And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel: but the Lord thundered with a great thunder on that day upon the Philistines, and discomfited them; and they were smitten before Israel.

11 And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh, and pursued the Philistines, and smote them, until they came under Bethcar.

12 Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the Lord helped us.

13 So the Philistines were subdued, and they came no more into the coast of Israel: and the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel.

14 And the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron even unto Gath; and the coasts thereof did Israel deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites.

15 And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life.

16 And he went from year to year in circuit to Bethel, and Gilgal, and Mizpeh, and judged Israel in all those places.

17 And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the Lord.

John 6:1-21

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand6:1-13pp — Mt 14:13-21; Mk 6:32-44; Lk 9:10-17

Some time after this, Jesus crossed to the far shore of the Sea of Galilee (that is, the Sea of Tiberias),and a great crowd of people followed him because they saw the signsS Jn 2:11 he had performed by healing the sick.Then Jesus went up on a mountainsidever 15 and sat down with his disciples.The Jewish Passover FestivalS Jn 11:55 was near.

When Jesus looked up and saw a great crowd coming toward him, he said to Philip,S Jn 1:43 “Where shall we buy bread for these people to eat?”He asked this only to test him, for he already had in mind what he was going to do.

Philip answered him, “It would take more than half a year’s wagesGreek take two hundred denarii to buy enough bread for each one to have a bite!”

Another of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother,Jn 1:40 spoke up,“Here is a boy with five small barley loaves and two small fish, but how far will they go among so many?”2Ki 4:43

10 Jesus said, “Have the people sit down.” There was plenty of grass in that place, and they sat down (about five thousand men were there).11 Jesus then took the loaves, gave thanks,ver 23; S Mt 14:19 and distributed to those who were seated as much as they wanted. He did the same with the fish.

12 When they had all had enough to eat, he said to his disciples, “Gather the pieces that are left over. Let nothing be wasted.”13 So they gathered them and filled twelve baskets with the pieces of the five barley loaves left over by those who had eaten.

14 After the people saw the signS Jn 2:11 Jesus performed, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.”Dt 18:15, 18; Mt 11:3; S 21:1115 Jesus, knowing that they intended to come and make him kingJn 18:36 by force, withdrew again to a mountain by himself.Mt 14:23; Mk 6:46

Jesus Walks on the Water6:16-21pp — Mt 14:22-33; Mk 6:47-51

16 When evening came, his disciples went down to the lake,17 where they got into a boat and set off across the lake for Capernaum. By now it was dark, and Jesus had not yet joined them.18 A strong wind was blowing and the waters grew rough.19 When they had rowed about three or four miles,Or about 5 or 6 kilometers they saw Jesus approaching the boat, walking on the water;Job 9:8 and they were frightened.20 But he said to them, “It is I; don’t be afraid.”S Mt 14:2721 Then they were willing to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat reached the shore where they were heading.

Jesus Feeds Five Thousand

After this, Jesus crossed over to the far side of the Sea of Galilee, also known as the Sea of Tiberias.A huge crowd kept following him wherever he went, because they saw his miraculous signs as he healed the sick.Then Jesus climbed a hill and sat down with his disciples around him.(It was nearly time for the Jewish Passover celebration.)Jesus soon saw a huge crowd of people coming to look for him. Turning to Philip, he asked, “Where can we buy bread to feed all these people?”He was testing Philip, for he already knew what he was going to do.

Philip replied, “Even if we worked for months, we wouldn’t have enough moneyGreek Two hundred denarii would not be enough. A denarius was equivalent to a laborer’s full day’s wage. to feed them!”

Then Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, spoke up.“There’s a young boy here with five barley loaves and two fish. But what good is that with this huge crowd?”

10 “Tell everyone to sit down,” Jesus said. So they all sat down on the grassy slopes. (The men alone numbered about 5,000.)11 Then Jesus took the loaves, gave thanks to God, and distributed them to the people. Afterward he did the same with the fish. And they all ate as much as they wanted.12 After everyone was full, Jesus told his disciples, “Now gather the leftovers, so that nothing is wasted.”13 So they picked up the pieces and filled twelve baskets with scraps left by the people who had eaten from the five barley loaves.

14 When the people saw himSome manuscripts read Jesus. do this miraculous sign, they exclaimed, “Surely, he is the Prophet we have been expecting!”See Deut 18:15, 18; Mal 4:5-6.15 When Jesus saw that they were ready to force him to be their king, he slipped away into the hills by himself.

Jesus Walks on Water

16 That evening Jesus’ disciples went down to the shore to wait for him.17 But as darkness fell and Jesus still hadn’t come back, they got into the boat and headed across the lake toward Capernaum.18 Soon a gale swept down upon them, and the sea grew very rough.19 They had rowed three or four milesGreek 25 or 30 stadia [4.6 or 5.5 kilometers]. when suddenly they saw Jesus walking on the water toward the boat. They were terrified,20 but he called out to them, “Don’t be afraid. I am here!Or The ‘I am’ is here; Greek reads I am. See Exod 3:14.21 Then they were eager to let him in the boat, and immediately they arrived at their destination!

After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias.

And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.

And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.

And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.

When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?

And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.

Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.

One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him,

There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?

10 And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.

11 And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.

12 When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.

13 Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.

14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.

15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.

16 And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea,

17 And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them.

18 And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.

19 So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.

20 But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid.

21 Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.

Psalm 106:13-31

13 But they soon forgotS Ex 15:24 what he had done

and did not wait for his plan to unfold.S Ex 16:28; S Nu 27:21

14 In the desertS Ps 78:40 they gave in to their craving;

in the wildernessS Ps 68:7 they put God to the test.S Ex 17:2; 1Co 10:9

15 So he gave themS Ex 16:13; Ps 78:29 what they asked for,

but sent a wasting diseaseS Nu 11:33 among them.

16 In the camp they grew enviousNu 16:1-3 of Moses

and of Aaron, who was consecrated to the Lord.

17 The earth openedDt 11:6 up and swallowed Dathan;S Ex 15:12

it buried the company of Abiram.S Nu 16:1

18 Fire blazedS Lev 10:2 among their followers;

a flame consumed the wicked.

19 At Horeb they made a calfS Ex 32:4; Ac 7:41

and worshiped an idol cast from metal.

20 They exchanged their glorious GodJer 2:11; Ro 1:23

for an image of a bull, which eats grass.

21 They forgot the GodPs 78:11 who saved them,

who had done great thingsDt 10:21; Ps 75:1 in Egypt,

22 miracles in the land of HamS Ps 78:51

and awesome deedsS Ex 3:20; S Dt 4:34 by the Red Sea.

23 So he said he would destroyS Ex 32:10 them—

had not Moses, his chosen one,

stood in the breachEx 32:11-14; S Nu 11:2; S Dt 9:19 before him

to keep his wrath from destroying them.

24 Then they despisedNu 14:30-31 the pleasant land;S Dt 8:7; S Jer 3:19

they did not believeS Nu 14:11; Heb 3:18-19 his promise.

25 They grumbledS Ex 15:24; Dt 1:27; 1Co 10:10 in their tents

and did not obey the Lord.

26 So he sworeS Nu 14:23; Heb 4:3 to them with uplifted hand

that he would make them fall in the wilderness,S Dt 2:14; Heb 3:17

27 make their descendants fall among the nations

and scatterS Lev 26:33 them throughout the lands.

28 They yoked themselves to the Baal of PeorS Nu 23:28

and ate sacrifices offered to lifeless gods;

29 they aroused the Lord’s angerNu 25:3 by their wicked deeds,S Ps 64:2; 141:4

and a plagueS Nu 16:46; 25:8 broke out among them.

30 But PhinehasS Ex 6:25 stood up and intervened,

and the plague was checked.Nu 25:8

31 This was credited to himS Ge 15:6; S Nu 25:11-13 as righteousness

for endless generationsPs 49:11 to come.

13 Yet how quickly they forgot what he had done!

They wouldn’t wait for his counsel!

14 In the wilderness their desires ran wild,

testing God’s patience in that dry wasteland.

15 So he gave them what they asked for,

but he sent a plague along with it.

16 The people in the camp were jealous of Moses

and envious of Aaron, the Lord’s holy priest.

17 Because of this, the earth opened up;

it swallowed Dathan

and buried Abiram and the other rebels.

18 Fire fell upon their followers;

a flame consumed the wicked.

19 The people made a calf at Mount SinaiHebrew at Horeb, another name for Sinai.;

they bowed before an image made of gold.

20 They traded their glorious God

for a statue of a grass-eating bull.

21 They forgot God, their savior,

who had done such great things in Egypt—

22 such wonderful things in the land of Ham,

such awesome deeds at the Red Sea.

23 So he declared he would destroy them.

But Moses, his chosen one, stepped between the Lord and the people.

He begged him to turn from his anger and not destroy them.

24 The people refused to enter the pleasant land,

for they wouldn’t believe his promise to care for them.

25 Instead, they grumbled in their tents

and refused to obey the Lord.

26 Therefore, he solemnly swore

that he would kill them in the wilderness,

27 that he would scatter their descendantsAs in Syriac version; Hebrew reads he would cause their descendants to fall. among the nations,

exiling them to distant lands.

28 Then our ancestors joined in the worship of Baal at Peor;

they even ate sacrifices offered to the dead!

29 They angered the Lord with all these things,

so a plague broke out among them.

30 But Phinehas had the courage to intervene,

and the plague was stopped.

31 So he has been regarded as a righteous man

ever since that time.

13 They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel:

14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.

15 And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul.

16 They envied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the saint of the Lord.

17 The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan and covered the company of Abiram.

18 And a fire was kindled in their company; the flame burned up the wicked.

19 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image.

20 Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass.

21 They forgat God their saviour, which had done great things in Egypt;

22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red sea.

23 Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

24 Yea, they despised the pleasant land, they believed not his word:

25 But murmured in their tents, and hearkened not unto the voice of the Lord.

26 Therefore he lifted up his hand against them, to overthrow them in the wilderness:

27 To overthrow their seed also among the nations, and to scatter them in the lands.

28 They joined themselves also unto Baalpeor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.

29 Thus they provoked him to anger with their inventions: and the plague brake in upon them.

30 Then stood up Phinehas, and executed judgment: and so the plague was stayed.

31 And that was counted unto him for righteousness unto all generations for evermore.

Proverbs 14:32-33

32 When calamity comes, the wicked are brought down,S Ps 34:21; S Pr 6:15

but even in death the righteous seek refuge in God.S Job 13:15

33 Wisdom reposes in the heart of the discerningPr 2:6-10

and even among fools she lets herself be known.Hebrew; Septuagint and Syriac discerning / but in the heart of fools she is not known

32 The wicked are crushed by disaster,

but the godly have a refuge when they die.

33 Wisdom is enshrined in an understanding heart;

wisdom is notAs in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew lacks not. found among fools.

32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.

33 Wisdom resteth in the heart of him that hath understanding: but that which is in the midst of fools is made known.

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