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Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Compromise is the price a person is willing to pay to a false god. That was Jehoshaphat's problem. In an effort to promote peace and unity, he was willing to ally himself with Ahab, a man who was vile and wicked before God (1 Kings 22:4).

People often compromise because of a desire to be socially accepted. They overlook glaring abuses of God's Word in order to maintain relationships. Micaiah, however, refused to compromise or make even one small concession to Ahab's false religious system. He was willing to endure physical attack and imprisonment just to maintain the witness of truth against Ahab (1 Kings 22:17, 22-24). Although confined in prison, Micaiah was safer than was Jehoshaphat, who almost lost his life in the brief battle that ensued.

Look at the end result of compromise, and settle in your mind that you owe no allegiance to the idols of this world. They and their worshipers will one day perish with the same fate as Ahab's!

1 Kings 22:1-53

Micaiah Prophesies Against Ahab22:1-28pp — 2Ch 18:1-27

22 For three years there was no war between Aram and Israel.But in the third year Jehoshaphat king of Judah went down to see the king of Israel.The king of Israel had said to his officials, “Don’t you know that Ramoth GileadS Dt 4:43 belongs to us and yet we are doing nothing to retake it from the king of Aram?”

So he asked Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to fight2Ki 3:7 against Ramoth Gilead?”

Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, “I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”But Jehoshaphat also said to the king of Israel, “First seek the counselEx 33:7; 2Ki 3:11; Job 38:2; Ps 32:8; 73:24; 107:11 of the Lord.”

So the king of Israel brought together the prophets—about four hundred men—and asked them, “Shall I go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or shall I refrain?”

“Go,”S Jdg 18:6 they answered, “for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.”S 1Ki 13:18

But Jehoshaphat asked, “Is there no longer a prophetDt 18:15; 2Ki 3:11; 5:8 of the Lord here whom we can inquireS Nu 27:21; 2Ki 3:11 of?”

The king of Israel answered Jehoshaphat, “There is still one prophet through whom we can inquire of the Lord, but I hateAm 5:10 him because he never prophesies anything goodver 13; Isa 5:20; 30:10; Jer 23:17 about me, but always bad. He is Micaiah son of Imlah.”

“The king should not say such a thing,” Jehoshaphat replied.

So the king of Israel called one of his officials and said, “Bring Micaiah son of Imlah at once.”

10 Dressed in their royal robes, the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah were sitting on their thrones at the threshing floorS Jdg 6:37 by the entrance of the gate of Samaria, with all the prophets prophesying before them.11 Now Zedekiahver 24 son of Kenaanah had made iron hornsDt 33:17; Jer 27:2; 28:10; Zec 1:18-21 and he declared, “This is what the Lord says: ‘With these you will gore the Arameans until they are destroyed.’”

12 All the other prophets were prophesying the same thing. “Attack Ramoth Gilead and be victorious,” they said, “for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.”

13 The messenger who had gone to summon Micaiah said to him, “Look, the other prophets without exception are predicting success for the king. Let your word agree with theirs, and speak favorably.”S ver 8

14 But Micaiah said, “As surely as the Lord lives, I can tell him only what the Lord tells me.”S Nu 22:18; S 1Sa 3:17

15 When he arrived, the king asked him, “Micaiah, shall we go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or not?”

“Attack and be victorious,” he answered, “for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.”

16 The king said to him, “How many times must I make you swear to tell me nothing but the truth in the name of the Lord?”

17 Then Micaiah answered, “I saw all Israel scatteredS Ge 11:4; Na 3:18 on the hills like sheep without a shepherd,Nu 27:17; Isa 13:14; S Mt 9:36 and the Lord said, ‘These people have no master. Let each one go home in peace.’”

18 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you that he never prophesies anything good about me, but only bad?”

19 Micaiah continued, “Therefore hear the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his thronePs 47:8; Isa 6:1; 63:15; Eze 1:26; Da 7:9 with all the multitudesJob 1:6; 15:8; 38:7; Ps 103:20-21; 148:2; Jer 23:18, 22; Lk 2:13 of heaven standing around him on his right and on his left.20 And the Lord said, ‘Who will entice Ahab into attacking Ramoth Gilead and going to his death there?’

“One suggested this, and another that.21 Finally, a spirit came forward, stood before the Lord and said, ‘I will entice him.’

22 “‘By what means?’ the Lord asked.

“‘I will go out and be a deceivingS Jdg 9:23; 2Th 2:11 spirit in the mouths of all his prophets,’ he said.

“‘You will succeed in enticing him,’ said the Lord. ‘Go and do it.’

23 “So now the Lord has put a deceivingS Dt 13:3 spirit in the mouths of all these prophetsEze 14:9 of yours. The Lord has decreed disasterS Dt 31:29 for you.”

24 Then Zedekiahver 11 son of Kenaanah went up and slappedAc 23:2 Micaiah in the face. “Which way did the spirit fromOr Spirit of the Lord go when he went from me to speakJob 26:4 to you?” he asked.

25 Micaiah replied, “You will find out on the day you go to hide1Ki 20:30 in an inner room.”

26 The king of Israel then ordered, “Take Micaiah and send him back to Amon the ruler of the city and to Joash the king’s son27 and say, ‘This is what the king says: Put this fellow in prison2Ch 16:10; Jer 20:2; 26:21; 37:15; Heb 11:36 and give him nothing but bread and water until I return safely.’”

28 Micaiah declared, “If you ever return safely, the Lord has not spokenS Dt 18:22 through me.” Then he added, “Mark my words, all you people!”

Ahab Killed at Ramoth Gilead22:29-36pp — 2Ch 18:28-34

29 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up to Ramoth Gilead.30 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will enter the battle in disguise,S 1Sa 28:8 but you wear your royal robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.

31 Now the king of AramS Ge 10:22; S 2Sa 10:19 had ordered his thirty-two chariot commanders, “Do not fight with anyone, small or great, except the kingS 2Sa 17:2 of Israel.”32 When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they thought, “Surely this is the king of Israel.” So they turned to attack him, but when Jehoshaphat cried out,33 the chariot commanders saw that he was not the king of Israel and stopped pursuing him.

34 But someone drew his bow2Ki 9:24; 2Ch 35:23 at random and hit the king of Israel between the sections of his armor. The king told his chariot driver, “Wheel around and get me out of the fighting. I’ve been wounded.”35 All day long the battle raged, and the king was propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. The blood from his wound ran onto the floor of the chariot, and that evening he died.36 As the sun was setting, a cry spread through the army: “Every man to his town. Every man to his land!”2Ki 14:12

37 So the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried him there.38 They washed the chariot at a pool in Samaria (where the prostitutes bathed),Or Samaria and cleaned the weapons and the dogsS 1Ki 21:19 licked up his blood, as the word of the Lord had declared.

39 As for the other events of Ahab’s reign, including all he did, the palace he built and adorned with ivory,2Ch 9:17; Ps 45:8; Am 3:15 and the cities he fortified, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?40 Ahab rested with his ancestors. And Ahaziah his son succeeded him as king.

Jehoshaphat King of Judah22:41-50pp — 2Ch 20:31–21:1

41 Jehoshaphat son of Asa became king of Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.42 Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-five years. His mother’s name was Azubah daughter of Shilhi.43 In everything he followed the ways of his father AsaS 1Ki 8:61; 2Ch 17:3 and did not stray from them; he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. The high places,S 1Ki 3:2 however, were not removed, and the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.In Hebrew texts this sentence (22:43b) is numbered 22:44, and 22:44-53 is numbered 22:45-54.44 Jehoshaphat was also at peace with the king of Israel.

45 As for the other events of Jehoshaphat’s reign, the things he achieved and his military exploits, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?46 He rid the land of the rest of the male shrine prostitutesS Dt 23:17 who remained there even after the reign of his father Asa.47 There was then no king1Ki 11:14-18; 2Ki 3:9; 8:20 in Edom; a provincial governor ruled.

48 Now Jehoshaphat built a fleet of trading shipsHebrew of ships of TarshishS 1Ki 9:26 to go to Ophir for gold, but they never set sail—they were wrecked at Ezion Geber.S Nu 33:3549 At that time Ahaziah son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my men sail with yours,” but Jehoshaphat refused.

50 Then Jehoshaphat rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the city of David his father. And Jehoram his son succeeded him as king.

Ahaziah King of Israel

51 Ahaziah son of Ahab became king of Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel two years.52 He did evil1Ki 15:26 in the eyes of the Lord, because he followed the ways of his father and mother and of Jeroboam son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin.53 He served and worshiped BaalS Jdg 2:11 and aroused the anger of the Lord, the God of Israel, just as his father1Ki 21:25 had done.

Jehoshaphat and Ahab

22 For three years there was no war between Aram and Israel.Then during the third year, King Jehoshaphat of Judah went to visit King Ahab of Israel.During the visit, the king of Israel said to his officials, “Do you realize that the town of Ramoth-gilead belongs to us? And yet we’ve done nothing to recapture it from the king of Aram!”

Then he turned to Jehoshaphat and asked, “Will you join me in battle to recover Ramoth-gilead?”

Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, “Why, of course! You and I are as one. My troops are your troops, and my horses are your horses.”Then Jehoshaphat added, “But first let’s find out what the Lord says.”

So the king of Israel summoned the prophets, about 400 of them, and asked them, “Should I go to war against Ramoth-gilead, or should I hold back?”

They all replied, “Yes, go right ahead! The Lord will give the king victory.”

But Jehoshaphat asked, “Is there not also a prophet of the Lord here? We should ask him the same question.”

The king of Israel replied to Jehoshaphat, “There is one more man who could consult the Lord for us, but I hate him. He never prophesies anything but trouble for me! His name is Micaiah son of Imlah.”

Jehoshaphat replied, “That’s not the way a king should talk! Let’s hear what he has to say.”

So the king of Israel called one of his officials and said, “Quick! Bring Micaiah son of Imlah.”

Micaiah Prophesies against Ahab

10 King Ahab of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah, dressed in their royal robes, were sitting on thrones at the threshing floor near the gate of Samaria. All of Ahab’s prophets were prophesying there in front of them.11 One of them, Zedekiah son of Kenaanah, made some iron horns and proclaimed, “This is what the Lord says: With these horns you will gore the Arameans to death!”

12 All the other prophets agreed. “Yes,” they said, “go up to Ramoth-gilead and be victorious, for the Lord will give the king victory!”

13 Meanwhile, the messenger who went to get Micaiah said to him, “Look, all the prophets are promising victory for the king. Be sure that you agree with them and promise success.”

14 But Micaiah replied, “As surely as the Lord lives, I will say only what the Lord tells me to say.”

15 When Micaiah arrived before the king, Ahab asked him, “Micaiah, should we go to war against Ramoth-gilead, or should we hold back?”

Micaiah replied sarcastically, “Yes, go up and be victorious, for the Lord will give the king victory!”

16 But the king replied sharply, “How many times must I demand that you speak only the truth to me when you speak for the Lord?”

17 Then Micaiah told him, “In a vision I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains, like sheep without a shepherd. And the Lord said, ‘Their master has been killed.Hebrew These people have no master. Send them home in peace.’”

18 “Didn’t I tell you?” the king of Israel exclaimed to Jehoshaphat. “He never prophesies anything but trouble for me.”

19 Then Micaiah continued, “Listen to what the Lord says! I saw the Lord sitting on his throne with all the armies of heaven around him, on his right and on his left.20 And the Lord said, ‘Who can entice Ahab to go into battle against Ramoth-gilead so he can be killed?’

“There were many suggestions,21 and finally a spirit approached the Lord and said, ‘I can do it!’

22 “‘How will you do this?’ the Lord asked.

“And the spirit replied, ‘I will go out and inspire all of Ahab’s prophets to speak lies.’

“‘You will succeed,’ said the Lord. ‘Go ahead and do it.’

23 “So you see, the Lord has put a lying spirit in the mouths of all your prophets. For the Lord has pronounced your doom.”

24 Then Zedekiah son of Kenaanah walked up to Micaiah and slapped him across the face. “Since when did the Spirit of the Lord leave me to speak to you?” he demanded.

25 And Micaiah replied, “You will find out soon enough when you are trying to hide in some secret room!”

26 “Arrest him!” the king of Israel ordered. “Take him back to Amon, the governor of the city, and to my son Joash.27 Give them this order from the king: ‘Put this man in prison, and feed him nothing but bread and water until I return safely from the battle!’”

28 But Micaiah replied, “If you return safely, it will mean that the Lord has not spoken through me!” Then he added to those standing around, “Everyone mark my words!”

The Death of Ahab

29 So King Ahab of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah led their armies against Ramoth-gilead.30 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “As we go into battle, I will disguise myself so no one will recognize me, but you wear your royal robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself, and they went into battle.

31 Meanwhile, the king of Aram had issued these orders to his thirty-two chariot commanders: “Attack only the king of Israel. Don’t bother with anyone else!”32 So when the Aramean chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat in his royal robes, they went after him. “There is the king of Israel!” they shouted. But when Jehoshaphat called out,33 the chariot commanders realized he was not the king of Israel, and they stopped chasing him.

34 An Aramean soldier, however, randomly shot an arrow at the Israelite troops and hit the king of Israel between the joints of his armor. “Turn the horsesHebrew Turn your hand. and get me out of here!” Ahab groaned to the driver of his chariot. “I’m badly wounded!”

35 The battle raged all that day, and the king remained propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. The blood from his wound ran down to the floor of his chariot, and as evening arrived he died.36 Just as the sun was setting, the cry ran through his troops: “We’re done for! Run for your lives!”

37 So the king died, and his body was taken to Samaria and buried there.38 Then his chariot was washed beside the pool of Samaria, and dogs came and licked his blood at the place where the prostitutes bathed,Or his blood, and the prostitutes bathed [in it]; or his blood, and they washed his armor. just as the Lord had promised.

39 The rest of the events in Ahab’s reign and everything he did, including the story of the ivory palace and the towns he built, are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Israel.40 So Ahab died, and his son Ahaziah became the next king.

Jehoshaphat Rules in Judah

41 Jehoshaphat son of Asa began to rule over Judah in the fourth year of King Ahab’s reign in Israel.42 Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-five years. His mother was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi.

43 Jehoshaphat was a good king, following the example of his father, Asa. He did what was pleasing in the Lord’s sight. Verses 22:43b-53 are numbered 22:44-54 in Hebrew text.During his reign, however, he failed to remove all the pagan shrines, and the people still offered sacrifices and burned incense there.44 Jehoshaphat also made peace with the king of Israel.

45 The rest of the events in Jehoshaphat’s reign, the extent of his power, and the wars he waged are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Judah.46 He banished from the land the rest of the male and female shrine prostitutes, who still continued their practices from the days of his father, Asa.

47 (There was no king in Edom at that time, only a deputy.)

48 Jehoshaphat also built a fleet of trading shipsHebrew fleet of ships of Tarshish. to sail to Ophir for gold. But the ships never set sail, for they met with disaster in their home port of Ezion-geber.49 At one time Ahaziah son of Ahab had proposed to Jehoshaphat, “Let my men sail with your men in the ships.” But Jehoshaphat refused the request.

50 When Jehoshaphat died, he was buried with his ancestors in the City of David. Then his son Jehoram became the next king.

Ahaziah Rules in Israel

51 Ahaziah son of Ahab began to rule over Israel in the seventeenth year of King Jehoshaphat’s reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria two years.52 But he did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, following the example of his father and mother and the example of Jeroboam son of Nebat, who had led Israel to sin.53 He served Baal and worshiped him, provoking the anger of the Lord, the God of Israel, just as his father had done.

22 And they continued three years without war between Syria and Israel.

And it came to pass in the third year, that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.

And the king of Israel said unto his servants, Know ye that Ramoth in Gilead is ours, and we be still, and take it not out of the hand of the king of Syria?

And he said unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go with me to battle to Ramothgilead? And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, I am as thou art, my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses.

And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Enquire, I pray thee, at the word of the Lord to day.

Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall I go against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for the Lord shall deliver it into the hand of the king.

And Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of the Lord besides, that we might enquire of him?

And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may enquire of the Lord: but I hate him; for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.

Then the king of Israel called an officer, and said, Hasten hither Micaiah the son of Imlah.

10 And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat each on his throne, having put on their robes, in a void place in the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied before them.

11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron: and he said, Thus saith the Lord, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until thou have consumed them.

12 And all the prophets prophesied so, saying, Go up to Ramothgilead, and prosper: for the Lord shall deliver it into the king's hand.

13 And the messenger that was gone to call Micaiah spake unto him, saying, Behold now, the words of the prophets declare good unto the king with one mouth: let thy word, I pray thee, be like the word of one of them, and speak that which is good.

14 And Micaiah said, As the Lord liveth, what the Lord saith unto me, that will I speak.

15 So he came to the king. And the king said unto him, Micaiah, shall we go against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall we forbear? And he answered him, Go, and prosper: for the Lord shall deliver it into the hand of the king.

16 And the king said unto him, How many times shall I adjure thee that thou tell me nothing but that which is true in the name of the Lord?

17 And he said, I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and the Lord said, These have no master: let them return every man to his house in peace.

18 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell thee that he would prophesy no good concerning me, but evil?

19 And he said, Hear thou therefore the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.

20 And the Lord said, Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one said on this manner, and another said on that manner.

21 And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the Lord, and said, I will persuade him.

22 And the Lord said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also: go forth, and do so.

23 Now therefore, behold, the Lord hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the Lord hath spoken evil concerning thee.

24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the Lord from me to speak unto thee?

25 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see in that day, when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.

26 And the king of Israel said, Take Micaiah, and carry him back unto Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son;

27 And say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I come in peace.

28 And Micaiah said, If thou return at all in peace, the Lord hath not spoken by me. And he said, Hearken, O people, every one of you.

29 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramothgilead.

30 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and enter into the battle; but put thou on thy robes. And the king of Israel disguised himself, and went into the battle.

31 But the king of Syria commanded his thirty and two captains that had rule over his chariots, saying, Fight neither with small nor great, save only with the king of Israel.

32 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, Surely it is the king of Israel. And they turned aside to fight against him: and Jehoshaphat cried out.

33 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots perceived that it was not the king of Israel, that they turned back from pursuing him.

34 And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.

35 And the battle increased that day: and the king was stayed up in his chariot against the Syrians, and died at even: and the blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the chariot.

36 And there went a proclamation throughout the host about the going down of the sun, saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his own country.

37 So the king died, and was brought to Samaria; and they buried the king in Samaria.

38 And one washed the chariot in the pool of Samaria; and the dogs licked up his blood; and they washed his armour; according unto the word of the Lord which he spake.

39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and the ivory house which he made, and all the cities that he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

40 So Ahab slept with his fathers; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.

41 And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.

42 Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.

43 And he walked in all the ways of Asa his father; he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes of the Lord: nevertheless the high places were not taken away; for the people offered and burnt incense yet in the high places.

44 And Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel.

45 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, and his might that he shewed, and how he warred, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

46 And the remnant of the sodomites, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he took out of the land.

47 There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

48 Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.

49 Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy servants in the ships. But Jehoshaphat would not.

50 And Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.

51 Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

52 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of his father, and in the way of his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin:

53 For he served Baal, and worshipped him, and provoked to anger the Lord God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.

Acts 13:16-41

16 Standing up, Paul motioned with his handS Ac 12:17 and said: “Fellow Israelites and you Gentiles who worship God, listen to me!17 The God of the people of Israel chose our ancestors; he made the people prosper during their stay in Egypt; with mighty power he led them out of that country;Ex 6:6, 7; Dt 7:6-818 for about forty years he endured their conductSome manuscripts he cared for themDt 1:31 in the wilderness;Nu 14:33; Ps 95:10; Ac 7:3619 and he overthrew seven nations in Canaan,Dt 7:1 giving their land to his peopleJos 19:51; Ac 7:45 as their inheritance.Ps 78:5520 All this took about 450 years.

“After this, God gave them judgesJdg 2:16 until the time of Samuel the prophet.1Sa 3:19, 20; Ac 3:2421 Then the people asked for a king,1Sa 8:5, 19 and he gave them Saul1Sa 10:1 son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin,1Sa 9:1, 2 who ruled forty years.22 After removing Saul,1Sa 15:23, 26 he made David their king.1Sa 16:13; Ps 89:20 God testified concerning him: ‘I have found David son of Jesse, a man after my own heart;1Sa 13:14; Jer 3:15 he will do everything I want him to do.’Isa 44:28

23 “From this man’s descendantsS Mt 1:1 God has brought to Israel the SaviorS Lk 2:11 Jesus,Mt 1:21 as he promised.ver 32; 2Sa 7:11; 22:51; Jer 30:924 Before the coming of Jesus, John preached repentance and baptism to all the people of Israel.S Mk 1:425 As John was completing his work,Ac 20:24 he said: ‘Who do you suppose I am? I am not the one you are looking for.Jn 1:20 But there is one coming after me whose sandals I am not worthy to untie.’Mt 3:11; Jn 1:27

26 “Fellow children of AbrahamS Lk 3:8; S Ac 22:5 and you God-fearing Gentiles, it is to us that this message of salvationAc 4:12; 28:28 has been sent.27 The people of Jerusalem and their rulers did not recognize Jesus,Ac 3:17 yet in condemning him they fulfilled the words of the prophetsS Lk 24:27; S Mt 1:22 that are read every Sabbath.28 Though they found no proper ground for a death sentence, they asked Pilate to have him executed.Mt 27:20-25; Ac 3:1429 When they had carried out all that was written about him,S Mt 1:22; Lk 18:31 they took him down from the crossS Ac 5:30 and laid him in a tomb.Lk 23:5330 But God raised him from the dead,S Mt 16:21; 28:6; S Ac 2:2431 and for many days he was seen by those who had traveled with him from Galilee to Jerusalem.Mt 28:16 They are now his witnessesS Lk 24:48 to our people.

32 “We tell you the good news:Isa 40:9; 52:7; Ac 5:42; 8:35; 10:36; 14:7, 15, 21; 17:18 What God promised our ancestorsAc 26:6; Ro 1:2; 4:13; 9:433 he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising up Jesus.S Ac 2:24 As it is written in the second Psalm:

“‘You are my son;

today I have become your father.’Psalm 2:7Ps 2:7; S Mt 3:17

34 God raised him from the dead so that he will never be subject to decay. As God has said,

“‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings promised to David.’Isaiah 55:3Isa 55:3

35 So it is also stated elsewhere:

“‘You will not let your holy one see decay.’Psalm 16:10 (see Septuagint)Ps 16:10; Ac 2:27

36 “Now when David had served God’s purpose in his own generation, he fell asleep;S Mt 9:24 he was buried with his ancestors2Sa 7:12; 1Ki 2:10; 2Ch 29:28; Ac 2:29 and his body decayed.37 But the one whom God raised from the deadS Ac 2:24 did not see decay.

38 “Therefore, my friends, I want you to know that through Jesus the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you.S Lk 24:47; Ac 2:3839 Through him everyone who believesS Jn 3:15 is set free from every sin, a justification you were not able to obtain under the law of Moses.S Ro 3:2840 Take care that what the prophets have said does not happen to you:

41 “‘Look, you scoffers,

wonder and perish,

for I am going to do something in your days

that you would never believe,

even if someone told you.’Hab. 1:5Hab 1:5

16 So Paul stood, lifted his hand to quiet them, and started speaking. “Men of Israel,” he said, “and you God-fearing Gentiles, listen to me.

17 “The God of this nation of Israel chose our ancestors and made them multiply and grow strong during their stay in Egypt. Then with a powerful arm he led them out of their slavery.18 He put up with themSome manuscripts read He cared for them; compare Deut 1:31. through forty years of wandering in the wilderness.19 Then he destroyed seven nations in Canaan and gave their land to Israel as an inheritance.20 All this took about 450 years.

“After that, God gave them judges to rule until the time of Samuel the prophet.21 Then the people begged for a king, and God gave them Saul son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, who reigned for forty years.22 But God removed Saul and replaced him with David, a man about whom God said, ‘I have found David son of Jesse, a man after my own heart. He will do everything I want him to do.’1 Sam 13:14.

23 “And it is one of King David’s descendants, Jesus, who is God’s promised Savior of Israel!24 Before he came, John the Baptist preached that all the people of Israel needed to repent of their sins and turn to God and be baptized.25 As John was finishing his ministry he asked, ‘Do you think I am the Messiah? No, I am not! But he is coming soon—and I’m not even worthy to be his slave and untie the sandals on his feet.’

26 “Brothers—you sons of Abraham, and also you God-fearing Gentiles—this message of salvation has been sent to us!27 The people in Jerusalem and their leaders did not recognize Jesus as the one the prophets had spoken about. Instead, they condemned him, and in doing this they fulfilled the prophets’ words that are read every Sabbath.28 They found no legal reason to execute him, but they asked Pilate to have him killed anyway.

29 “When they had done all that the prophecies said about him, they took him down from the crossGreek from the tree. and placed him in a tomb.30 But God raised him from the dead!31 And over a period of many days he appeared to those who had gone with him from Galilee to Jerusalem. They are now his witnesses to the people of Israel.

32 “And now we are here to bring you this Good News. The promise was made to our ancestors,33 and God has now fulfilled it for us, their descendants, by raising Jesus. This is what the second psalm says about Jesus:

‘You are my Son.

Today I have become your Father.Or Today I reveal you as my Son. Ps 2:7.

34 For God had promised to raise him from the dead, not leaving him to rot in the grave. He said, ‘I will give you the sacred blessings I promised to David.’Isa 55:3.35 Another psalm explains it more fully: ‘You will not allow your Holy One to rot in the grave.’Ps 16:10.36 This is not a reference to David, for after David had done the will of God in his own generation, he died and was buried with his ancestors, and his body decayed.37 No, it was a reference to someone else—someone whom God raised and whose body did not decay.

38 English translations divide verses 38 and 39 in various ways.“Brothers, listen! We are here to proclaim that through this man Jesus there is forgiveness for your sins.39 Everyone who believes in him is made right in God’s sight—something the law of Moses could never do.40 Be careful! Don’t let the prophets’ words apply to you. For they said,

41 ‘Look, you mockers,

be amazed and die!

For I am doing something in your own day,

something you wouldn’t believe

even if someone told you about it.’Hab 1:5 (Greek version).

16 Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience.

17 The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it.

18 And about the time of forty years suffered he their manners in the wilderness.

19 And when he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, he divided their land to them by lot.

20 And after that he gave unto them judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

21 And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years.

22 And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave their testimony, and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.

23 Of this man's seed hath God according to his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus:

24 When John had first preached before his coming the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.

25 And as John fulfilled his course, he said, Whom think ye that I am? I am not he. But, behold, there cometh one after me, whose shoes of his feet I am not worthy to loose.

26 Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.

27 For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled them in condemning him.

28 And though they found no cause of death in him, yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain.

29 And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre.

30 But God raised him from the dead:

31 And he was seen many days of them which came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses unto the people.

32 And we declare unto you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made unto the fathers,

33 God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.

34 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David.

35 Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption:

37 But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption.

38 Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:

39 And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.

40 Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets;

41 Behold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work in your days, a work which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you.

Psalm 138:1-8

Psalm 138

Of David.

I will praise you, Lord, with all my heart;

before the “gods”Ps 95:3; 96:4 I will singPs 27:6; 108:1 your praise.

I will bow down toward your holy templeS 1Ki 8:29; S Ps 5:7

and will praise your namePs 74:21; 97:12; 140:13

for your unfailing love and your faithfulness,Ps 108:4; 115:1

for you have so exalted your solemn decree

that it surpasses your fame.Ps 119:9

When I called,Ps 18:6; 30:2; 99:6; 116:4 you answered me;S Ps 118:5

you greatly emboldenedPr 28:1; S Ac 4:29 me.

May all the kings of the earthPs 72:11; 102:15 praise you, Lord,

when they hear what you have decreed.

May they singS Ps 51:14; 71:16; 145:7 of the ways of the Lord,

for the glory of the LordPs 21:5 is great.

Though the Lord is exalted, he looks kindly on the lowly;S Ps 113:6

though lofty, he sees themS Ps 40:4; S Mt 23:12 from afar.

Though I walkPs 23:4 in the midst of trouble,

you preserve my life.S Ps 41:2

You stretch out your handS Ex 7:5 against the anger of my foes;Ps 7:6

with your right handPs 20:6; 60:5; 108:6 you save me.Ps 17:7, 14

The Lord will vindicatePhp 1:6 me;

your love, Lord, endures foreverS Ezr 3:11; Ps 100:5

do not abandonS Ps 51:11 the works of your hands.S Job 10:3, 8

Psalm 138

A psalm of David.

I give you thanks, O Lord, with all my heart;

I will sing your praises before the gods.

I bow before your holy Temple as I worship.

I praise your name for your unfailing love and faithfulness;

for your promises are backed

by all the honor of your name.

As soon as I pray, you answer me;

you encourage me by giving me strength.

Every king in all the earth will thank you, Lord,

for all of them will hear your words.

Yes, they will sing about the Lord’s ways,

for the glory of the Lord is very great.

Though the Lord is great, he cares for the humble,

but he keeps his distance from the proud.

Though I am surrounded by troubles,

you will protect me from the anger of my enemies.

You reach out your hand,

and the power of your right hand saves me.

The Lord will work out his plans for my life—

for your faithful love, O Lord, endures forever.

Don’t abandon me, for you made me.

138 I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee.

I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.

In the day when I cried thou answeredst me, and strengthenedst me with strength in my soul.

All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O Lord, when they hear the words of thy mouth.

Yea, they shall sing in the ways of the Lord: for great is the glory of the Lord.

Though the Lord be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off.

Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me.

The Lord will perfect that which concerneth me: thy mercy, O Lord, endureth for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.

Proverbs 17:17-18

17 A friend loves at all times,

and a brother is born for a time of adversity.S 2Sa 15:21; Pr 27:10

18 One who has no sense shakes hands in pledge

and puts up security for a neighbor.Pr 6:1-5; S 11:15; 22:26-27

17 A friend is always loyal,

and a brother is born to help in time of need.

18 It’s poor judgment to guarantee another person’s debt

or put up security for a friend.

17 A friend loveth at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.

18 A man void of understanding striketh hands, and becometh surety in the presence of his friend.

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