Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Satan's ugly, violent acts of horror are graphically painted throughout the Old Testament. We find monarchs murdered, pregnant women mutilated, and children sacrificed in fire (2 Kings 15:16, 16:3). We see idolatry in its basest form with the establishment of demonic altars in the temple of God (2 Kings 16:10-14).

In the New Testament, we find Jewish exorcists helpless before the violent power of demon spirits. One man possessed by an evil spirit overcame the seven sons of Sceva, taunting, "I know Jesus, and I know Paul. But who are you?" (Acts 19:15). We see that many people in Ephesus lived under demonic oppression and practiced magic before coming to Christ (v. 19). In fact, so steeped in idolatry was Ephesus that the entire city ranted and raved against Paul and rose up to defend the honor of the false goddess Artemis (v. 27).

We cannot deny that Satan has spread his unclean message across all cultures and throughout all history. The good news is that we are not of his kingdom! We are those to whom the Lord grants peace and satisfaction.

Claim the peace of God for your life, and allow no trace of Satan's kingdom to penetrate!

2 Kings 15:1-16:20

Azariah King of Judah15:1-7pp — 2Ch 26:3-4, 21-23

15 In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel, AzariahAlso called Uzziah; also in verses 6, 7, 8, 17, 23 and 27S ver 32; S 2Ki 14:21 son of Amaziah king of Judah began to reign.He was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-two years. His mother’s name was Jekoliah; she was from Jerusalem.He did what was rightS 1Ki 14:8 in the eyes of the Lord, just as his father Amaziah had done.The high places, however, were not removed; the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.

The Lord afflictedS Ge 12:17 the king with leprosyThe Hebrew for leprosy was used for various diseases affecting the skin. until the day he died, and he lived in a separate house.Or in a house where he was relieved of responsibilitiesLev 13:46 Jothamver 7, 32; 2Ch 27:1; Mic 1:1 the king’s son had charge of the palaceS Ge 41:40 and governed the people of the land.

As for the other events of Azariah’s reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?Azariah restedIsa 6:1; 14:28 with his ancestors and was buried near them in the City of David. And JothamS ver 5 his son succeeded him as king.

Zechariah King of Israel

In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah king of Judah, Zechariah son of Jeroboam became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned six months.He did evil1Ki 15:26 in the eyes of the Lord, as his predecessors had done. He did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to commit.

10 Shallum son of Jabesh conspired against Zechariah. He attacked him in front of the people,Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts in Ibleam assassinatedS 2Ki 12:20 him and succeeded him as king.11 The other events of Zechariah’s reign are written in the book of the annals1Ki 15:31 of the kings of Israel.12 So the word of the Lord spoken to Jehu was fulfilled:2Ki 10:30 “Your descendants will sit on the throne of Israel to the fourth generation.”2 Kings 10:30

Shallum King of Israel

13 Shallum son of Jabesh became king in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah, and he reigned in SamariaS 1Ki 13:32 one month.14 Then Menahem son of Gadi went from TirzahS 1Ki 15:33 up to Samaria. He attacked Shallum son of Jabesh in Samaria, assassinatedS 2Ki 12:20 him and succeeded him as king.

15 The other events of Shallum’s reign, and the conspiracy he led, are written in the book of the annals1Ki 15:31 of the kings of Israel.

16 At that time Menahem, starting out from Tirzah, attacked Tiphsah1Ki 4:24 and everyone in the city and its vicinity, because they refused to openS 2Ki 8:12; S Hos 13:16 their gates. He sacked Tiphsah and ripped open all the pregnant women.

Menahem King of Israel

17 In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah king of Judah, Menahem son of Gadi became king of Israel, and he reigned in Samaria ten years.18 He did evil1Ki 15:26 in the eyes of the Lord. During his entire reign he did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to commit.

19 Then PulAlso called Tiglath-Pileser1Ch 5:6, 26 king of Assyria invaded the land, and Menahem gave him a thousand talentsThat is, about 38 tons or about 34 metric tons of silver to gain his support and strengthen his own hold on the kingdom.20 Menahem exacted this money from Israel. Every wealthy person had to contribute fifty shekelsThat is, about 1 1/4 pounds or about 575 grams of silver to be given to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria withdrewS 2Ki 12:18 and stayed in the land no longer.

21 As for the other events of Menahem’s reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?22 Menahem rested with his ancestors. And Pekahiah his son succeeded him as king.

Pekahiah King of Israel

23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah son of Menahem became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned two years.24 Pekahiah did evil1Ki 15:26 in the eyes of the Lord. He did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to commit.25 One of his chief officers, Pekah2Ch 28:6; Isa 7:1 son of Remaliah, conspired against him. Taking fifty men of Gilead with him, he assassinatedS 2Ki 12:20 Pekahiah, along with Argob and Arieh, in the citadel of the royal palace at Samaria. So Pekah killed Pekahiah and succeeded him as king.

26 The other events of Pekahiah’s reign, and all he did, are written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel.

Pekah King of Israel

27 In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah2Ch 28:6; Isa 7:1 son of RemaliahIsa 7:4 became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned twenty years.28 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to commit.

29 In the time of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser2Ki 16:7; 17:6; 1Ch 5:26; 2Ch 28:20; Jer 50:17 king of Assyria came and took Ijon,1Ki 15:20 Abel Beth Maakah, Janoah, Kedesh and Hazor. He took Gilead and Galilee, including all the land of Naphtali,2Ki 16:9; 17:24; 2Ch 16:4; Isa 7:9; 9:1; 10:9, 10; 28:1; 36:19; 37:18 and deported2Ki 24:14-16; 1Ch 5:22; Isa 14:6, 17; 36:17; 45:13 the people to Assyria.30 Then Hoshea2Ki 17:1 son of Elah conspired against Pekah son of Remaliah. He attacked and assassinatedS 2Ki 12:20 him, and then succeeded him as king in the twentieth year of Jotham son of Uzziah.

31 As for the other events of Pekah’s reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals1Ki 15:31 of the kings of Israel?

Jotham King of Judah15:33-38pp — 2Ch 27:1-4, 7-9

32 In the second year of Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel, Jothamver 1,S 5; 1Ch 5:17; Isa 1:1; Hos 1:1 son of Uzziah king of Judah began to reign.33 He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem sixteen years. His mother’s name was Jerusha daughter of Zadok.34 He did what was rightS 1Ki 14:8 in the eyes of the Lord, just as his father Uzziah had done.35 The high places,2Ki 12:3 however, were not removed; the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there. Jotham rebuilt the Upper GateS Ge 23:10; 2Ch 23:20 of the temple of the Lord.

36 As for the other events of Jotham’s reign, and what he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?37 (In those days the Lord began to send Rezin2Ki 16:5; Isa 7:1; 8:6; 9:11 king of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah against Judah.)38 Jotham rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the City of David, the city of his father. And Ahaz his son succeeded him as king.

Ahaz King of Judah16:1-20pp — 2Ch 28:1-27

16 In the seventeenth year of Pekah son of Remaliah, AhazIsa 1:1; 7:1; 14:28; Hos 1:1; Mic 1:1 son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem sixteen years. Unlike David his father, he did not do what was rightS 1Ki 14:8 in the eyes of the Lord his God.He followed the ways of the kings of Israel2Ki 17:19 and even sacrificed his sonS Lev 18:21; S 2Ki 3:27 in the fire, engaging in the detestableS Lev 18:3; S Dt 9:4 practices of the nations the Lord had driven out before the Israelites.He offered sacrifices and burned incense2Ki 22:17; 23:5 at the high places, on the hilltops and under every spreading tree.Dt 12:2; Eze 6:13

Then RezinS 2Ki 15:37 king of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel marched up to fight against Jerusalem and besieged Ahaz, but they could not overpower him.At that time, RezinIsa 9:12 king of Aram recovered ElathS 1Ki 9:26 for Aram by driving out the people of Judah. Edomites then moved into Elath and have lived there to this day.

Ahaz sent messengers to say to Tiglath-PileserS 2Ki 15:29 king of Assyria, “I am your servant and vassal. Come up and saveIsa 2:6; 10:20; Jer 2:18; 3:1; Eze 16:28; 23:5; Hos 10:6 me out of the hand of the king of Aram and of the king of Israel, who are attacking me.”And Ahaz took the silver and gold found in the temple of the Lord and in the treasuries of the royal palace and sent it as a giftS 1Ki 15:18; 2Ki 12:18 to the king of Assyria.The king of Assyria complied by attacking DamascusS Ge 14:15; S 2Ki 15:29 and capturing it. He deported its inhabitants to KirIsa 22:6; Am 1:5; 9:7 and put Rezin to death.

10 Then King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria. He saw an altar in Damascus and sent to Uriahver 11, 15, 16; Isa 8:2 the priest a sketch of the altar, with detailed plans for its construction.11 So Uriah the priest built an altar in accordance with all the plans that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus and finished it before King Ahaz returned.12 When the king came back from Damascus and saw the altar, he approached it and presented offeringsOr and went up2Ch 26:16 on it.13 He offered up his burnt offeringLev 6:8-13 and grain offering,Lev 6:14-23 poured out his drink offering,S Ex 29:40 and splashed the blood of his fellowship offeringsLev 7:11-21 against the altar.14 As for the bronze altarS Ex 20:24; S 40:6; S 1Ki 8:64 that stood before the Lord, he brought it from the front of the temple—from between the new altar and the temple of the Lord—and put it on the north side of the new altar.

15 King Ahaz then gave these orders to Uriah the priest: “On the large new altar, offer the morningEx 29:38-41 burnt offering and the evening grain offering, the king’s burnt offering and his grain offering, and the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their grain offering and their drink offering. Splash against this altar the blood of all the burnt offerings and sacrifices. But I will use the bronze altar for seeking guidance.”1Sa 9:916 And Uriah the priest did just as King Ahaz had ordered.

17 King Ahaz cut off the side panels and removed the basins from the movable stands. He removed the Sea from the bronze bulls that supported it and set it on a stone base.1Ki 7:2718 He took away the Sabbath canopyOr the dais of his throne (see Septuagint) that had been built at the temple and removed the royal entryway outside the temple of the Lord, in deference to the king of Assyria.Eze 16:28

19 As for the other events of the reign of Ahaz, and what he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?20 Ahaz restedIsa 14:28 with his ancestors and was buried with them in the City of David. And Hezekiah his son succeeded him as king.

Uzziah Rules in Judah

15 UzziahHebrew Azariah, a variant spelling of Uzziah; also in 15:6, 7, 8, 17, 23, 27. son of Amaziah began to rule over Judah in the twenty-seventh year of the reign of King Jeroboam II of Israel.He was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-two years. His mother was Jecoliah from Jerusalem.

He did what was pleasing in the Lord’s sight, just as his father, Amaziah, had done.But he did not destroy the pagan shrines, and the people still offered sacrifices and burned incense there.The Lord struck the king with leprosy,Or with a contagious skin disease. The Hebrew word used here and throughout this passage can describe various skin diseases. which lasted until the day he died. He lived in isolation in a separate house. The king’s son Jotham was put in charge of the royal palace, and he governed the people of the land.

The rest of the events in Uzziah’s reign and everything he did are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Judah.When Uzziah died, he was buried with his ancestors in the City of David. And his son Jotham became the next king.

Zechariah Rules in Israel

Zechariah son of Jeroboam II began to rule over Israel in the thirty-eighth year of King Uzziah’s reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria six months.Zechariah did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, as his ancestors had done. He refused to turn from the sins that Jeroboam son of Nebat had led Israel to commit.10 Then Shallum son of Jabesh conspired against Zechariah, assassinated him in public,Or at Ibleam. and became the next king.

11 The rest of the events in Zechariah’s reign are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Israel.12 So the Lord’s message to Jehu came true: “Your descendants will be kings of Israel down to the fourth generation.”

Shallum Rules in Israel

13 Shallum son of Jabesh began to rule over Israel in the thirty-ninth year of King Uzziah’s reign in Judah. Shallum reigned in Samaria only one month.14 Then Menahem son of Gadi went to Samaria from Tirzah and assassinated him, and he became the next king.

15 The rest of the events in Shallum’s reign, including his conspiracy, are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Israel.

Menahem Rules in Israel

16 At that time Menahem destroyed the town of TappuahAs in some Greek manuscripts; Hebrew reads Tiphsah. and all the surrounding countryside as far as Tirzah, because its citizens refused to surrender the town. He killed the entire population and ripped open the pregnant women.

17 Menahem son of Gadi began to rule over Israel in the thirty-ninth year of King Uzziah’s reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria ten years.18 But Menahem did what was evil in the Lord’s sight. During his entire reign, he refused to turn from the sins that Jeroboam son of Nebat had led Israel to commit.

19 Then King Tiglath-pileserHebrew Pul, another name for Tiglath-pileser. of Assyria invaded the land. But Menahem paid him thirty-seven tonsHebrew 1,000 talents [34 metric tons]. of silver to gain his support in tightening his grip on royal power.20 Menahem extorted the money from the rich of Israel, demanding that each of them pay fifty piecesHebrew 50 shekels [20 ounces or 570 grams]. of silver to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned from attacking Israel and did not stay in the land.

21 The rest of the events in Menahem’s reign and everything he did are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Israel.22 When Menahem died, his son Pekahiah became the next king.

Pekahiah Rules in Israel

23 Pekahiah son of Menahem began to rule over Israel in the fiftieth year of King Uzziah’s reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria two years.24 But Pekahiah did what was evil in the Lord’s sight. He refused to turn from the sins that Jeroboam son of Nebat had led Israel to commit.

25 Then Pekah son of Remaliah, the commander of Pekahiah’s army, conspired against him. With fifty men from Gilead, Pekah assassinated the king, along with Argob and Arieh, in the citadel of the palace at Samaria. And Pekah reigned in his place.

26 The rest of the events in Pekahiah’s reign and everything he did are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Israel.

Pekah Rules in Israel

27 Pekah son of Remaliah began to rule over Israel in the fifty-second year of King Uzziah’s reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria twenty years.28 But Pekah did what was evil in the Lord’s sight. He refused to turn from the sins that Jeroboam son of Nebat had led Israel to commit.

29 During Pekah’s reign, King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria attacked Israel again, and he captured the towns of Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, and Hazor. He also conquered the regions of Gilead, Galilee, and all of Naphtali, and he took the people to Assyria as captives.30 Then Hoshea son of Elah conspired against Pekah and assassinated him. He began to rule over Israel in the twentieth year of Jotham son of Uzziah.

31 The rest of the events in Pekah’s reign and everything he did are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Israel.

Jotham Rules in Judah

32 Jotham son of Uzziah began to rule over Judah in the second year of King Pekah’s reign in Israel.33 He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem sixteen years. His mother was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok.

34 Jotham did what was pleasing in the Lord’s sight. He did everything his father, Uzziah, had done.35 But he did not destroy the pagan shrines, and the people still offered sacrifices and burned incense there. He rebuilt the upper gate of the Temple of the Lord.

36 The rest of the events in Jotham’s reign and everything he did are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Judah.37 In those days the Lord began to send King Rezin of Aram and King Pekah of Israel to attack Judah.38 When Jotham died, he was buried with his ancestors in the City of David. And his son Ahaz became the next king.

Ahaz Rules in Judah

16 Ahaz son of Jotham began to rule over Judah in the seventeenth year of King Pekah’s reign in Israel.Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem sixteen years. He did not do what was pleasing in the sight of the Lord his God, as his ancestor David had done.Instead, he followed the example of the kings of Israel, even sacrificing his own son in the fire.Or even making his son pass through the fire. In this way, he followed the detestable practices of the pagan nations the Lord had driven from the land ahead of the Israelites.He offered sacrifices and burned incense at the pagan shrines and on the hills and under every green tree.

Then King Rezin of Aram and King Pekah of Israel came up to attack Jerusalem. They besieged Ahaz but could not conquer him.At that time the king of EdomAs in Latin Vulgate; Hebrew reads Rezin king of Aram. recovered the town of Elath for Edom.As in Latin Vulgate; Hebrew reads Aram. He drove out the people of Judah and sent EdomitesAs in Greek version, Latin Vulgate, and an alternate reading of the Masoretic Text; the other alternate reads Arameans. to live there, as they do to this day.

King Ahaz sent messengers to King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria with this message: “I am your servant and your vassal.Hebrew your son. Come up and rescue me from the attacking armies of Aram and Israel.”Then Ahaz took the silver and gold from the Temple of the Lord and the palace treasury and sent it as a payment to the Assyrian king.So the king of Assyria attacked the Aramean capital of Damascus and led its population away as captives, resettling them in Kir. He also killed King Rezin.

10 King Ahaz then went to Damascus to meet with King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria. While he was there, he took special note of the altar. Then he sent a model of the altar to Uriah the priest, along with its design in full detail.11 Uriah followed the king’s instructions and built an altar just like it, and it was ready before the king returned from Damascus.12 When the king returned, he inspected the altar and made offerings on it.13 He presented a burnt offering and a grain offering, he poured out a liquid offering, and he sprinkled the blood of peace offerings on the altar.

14 Then King Ahaz removed the old bronze altar from its place in front of the Lord’s Temple, between the entrance and the new altar, and placed it on the north side of the new altar.15 He told Uriah the priest, “Use the new altarHebrew the great altar. for the morning sacrifices of burnt offering, the evening grain offering, the king’s burnt offering and grain offering, and the burnt offerings of all the people, as well as their grain offerings and liquid offerings. Sprinkle the blood from all the burnt offerings and sacrifices on the new altar. The bronze altar will be for my personal use only.”16 Uriah the priest did just as King Ahaz commanded him.

17 Then the king removed the side panels and basins from the portable water carts. He also removed the great bronze basin called the Sea from the backs of the bronze oxen and placed it on the stone pavement.18 In deference to the king of Assyria, he also removed the canopy that had been constructed inside the palace for use on the Sabbath day,The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. as well as the king’s outer entrance to the Temple of the Lord.

19 The rest of the events in Ahaz’s reign and everything he did are recorded in The Book of the History of the Kings of Judah.20 When Ahaz died, he was buried with his ancestors in the City of David. Then his son Hezekiah became the next king.

15 In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.

Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem.

And he did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father Amaziah had done;

Save that the high places were not removed: the people sacrificed and burnt incense still on the high places.

And the Lord smote the king, so that he was a leper unto the day of his death, and dwelt in a several house. And Jotham the king's son was over the house, judging the people of the land.

And the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

So Azariah slept with his fathers; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.

In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, as his fathers had done: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

10 And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.

11 And the rest of the acts of Zachariah, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

12 This was the word of the Lord which he spake unto Jehu, saying, Thy sons shall sit on the throne of Israel unto the fourth generation. And so it came to pass.

13 Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned a full month in Samaria.

14 For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.

15 And the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

16 Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts thereof from Tirzah: because they opened not to him, therefore he smote it; and all the women therein that were with child he ripped up.

17 In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria.

18 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord: he departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

19 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.

20 And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, even of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land.

21 And the rest of the acts of Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

22 And Menahem slept with his fathers; and Pekahiah his son reigned in his stead.

23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

24 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

25 But Pekah the son of Remaliah, a captain of his, conspired against him, and smote him in Samaria, in the palace of the king's house, with Argob and Arieh, and with him fifty men of the Gileadites: and he killed him, and reigned in his room.

26 And the rest of the acts of Pekahiah, and all that he did, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

27 In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.

28 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.

30 And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.

31 And the rest of the acts of Pekah, and all that he did, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

32 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign.

33 Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok.

34 And he did that which was right in the sight of the Lord: he did according to all that his father Uzziah had done.

35 Howbeit the high places were not removed: the people sacrificed and burned incense still in the high places. He built the higher gate of the house of the Lord.

36 Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

37 In those days the Lord began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.

38 And Jotham slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.

16 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.

Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the Lord his God, like David his father.

But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the Lord cast out from before the children of Israel.

And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.

Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.

At that time Rezin king of Syria recovered Elath to Syria, and drave the Jews from Elath: and the Syrians came to Elath, and dwelt there unto this day.

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the Lord, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.

And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.

10 And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.

11 And Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that king Ahaz had sent from Damascus: so Urijah the priest made it against king Ahaz came from Damascus.

12 And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered thereon.

13 And he burnt his burnt offering and his meat offering, and poured his drink offering, and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings, upon the altar.

14 And he brought also the brasen altar, which was before the Lord, from the forefront of the house, from between the altar and the house of the Lord, and put it on the north side of the altar.

15 And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, Upon the great altar burn the morning burnt offering, and the evening meat offering, and the king's burnt sacrifice, and his meat offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their meat offering, and their drink offerings; and sprinkle upon it all the blood of the burnt offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice: and the brasen altar shall be for me to enquire by.

16 Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that king Ahaz commanded.

17 And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brasen oxen that were under it, and put it upon the pavement of stones.

18 And the covert for the sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king's entry without, turned he from the house of the Lord for the king of Assyria.

19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

20 And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.

Acts 19:13-41

13 Some Jews who went around driving out evil spiritsMt 12:27 tried to invoke the name of the Lord Jesus over those who were demon-possessed. They would say, “In the name of the JesusMk 9:38 whom Paul preaches, I command you to come out.”14 Seven sons of Sceva, a Jewish chief priest, were doing this.15 One day the evil spirit answered them, “Jesus I know, and Paul I know about, but who are you?”16 Then the man who had the evil spirit jumped on them and overpowered them all. He gave them such a beating that they ran out of the house naked and bleeding.

17 When this became known to the Jews and Greeks living in Ephesus,S Ac 18:19 they were all seized with fear,Ac 5:5, 11 and the name of the Lord Jesus was held in high honor.18 Many of those who believed now came and openly confessed what they had done.19 A number who had practiced sorcery brought their scrolls together and burned them publicly. When they calculated the value of the scrolls, the total came to fifty thousand drachmas.A drachma was a silver coin worth about a day’s wages.20 In this way the word of the LordS Ac 13:48 spread widely and grew in power.Ac 6:7; 12:24

21 After all this had happened, Paul decidedOr decided in the Spirit to go to Jerusalem,Ac 20:16, 22; 21:4, 12, 15; Ro 15:25 passing through MacedoniaS Ac 16:9 and Achaia.S Ac 18:12 “After I have been there,” he said, “I must visit Rome also.”Ro 15:24, 2822 He sent two of his helpers,Ac 13:5 TimothyS Ac 16:1 and Erastus,Ro 16:23; 2Ti 4:20 to Macedonia, while he stayed in the province of Asiaver 10, 26, 27; S Ac 2:9 a little longer.

The Riot in Ephesus

23 About that time there arose a great disturbance about the Way.S Ac 9:224 A silversmith named Demetrius, who made silver shrines of Artemis, brought in a lot of business for the craftsmen there.25 He called them together, along with the workers in related trades, and said: “You know, my friends, that we receive a good income from this business.Ac 16:16, 19, 2026 And you see and hear how this fellow Paul has convinced and led astray large numbers of people here in EphesusS Ac 18:19 and in practically the whole province of Asia.S Ac 2:9 He says that gods made by human hands are no gods at all.Dt 4:28; Ps 115:4; Isa 44:10-20; Jer 10:3-5; Ac 17:29; 1Co 8:4; Rev 9:2027 There is danger not only that our trade will lose its good name, but also that the temple of the great goddess Artemis will be discredited; and the goddess herself, who is worshiped throughout the province of Asia and the world, will be robbed of her divine majesty.”

28 When they heard this, they were furious and began shouting: “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”S Ac 18:1929 Soon the whole city was in an uproar. The people seized GaiusAc 20:4; Ro 16:23; 1Co 1:14 and Aristarchus,Ac 20:4; 27:2; Col 4:10; Phm 24 Paul’s traveling companions from Macedonia,S Ac 16:9 and all of them rushed into the theater together.30 Paul wanted to appear before the crowd, but the disciplesS Ac 11:26 would not let him.31 Even some of the officials of the province, friends of Paul, sent him a message begging him not to venture into the theater.

32 The assembly was in confusion: Some were shouting one thing, some another.Ac 21:34 Most of the people did not even know why they were there.33 The Jews in the crowd pushed Alexander to the front, and they shouted instructions to him. He motionedS Ac 12:17 for silence in order to make a defense before the people.34 But when they realized he was a Jew, they all shouted in unison for about two hours: “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”ver 28

35 The city clerk quieted the crowd and said: “Fellow Ephesians,S Ac 18:19 doesn’t all the world know that the city of Ephesus is the guardian of the temple of the great Artemis and of her image, which fell from heaven?36 Therefore, since these facts are undeniable, you ought to calm down and not do anything rash.37 You have brought these men here, though they have neither robbed templesRo 2:22 nor blasphemed our goddess.38 If, then, Demetrius and his fellow craftsmenver 24 have a grievance against anybody, the courts are open and there are proconsuls.Ac 13:7, 8, 12; 18:12 They can press charges.39 If there is anything further you want to bring up, it must be settled in a legal assembly.40 As it is, we are in danger of being charged with rioting because of what happened today. In that case we would not be able to account for this commotion, since there is no reason for it.”41 After he had said this, he dismissed the assembly.

13 A group of Jews was traveling from town to town casting out evil spirits. They tried to use the name of the Lord Jesus in their incantation, saying, “I command you in the name of Jesus, whom Paul preaches, to come out!”14 Seven sons of Sceva, a leading priest, were doing this.15 But one time when they tried it, the evil spirit replied, “I know Jesus, and I know Paul, but who are you?”16 Then the man with the evil spirit leaped on them, overpowered them, and attacked them with such violence that they fled from the house, naked and battered.

17 The story of what happened spread quickly all through Ephesus, to Jews and Greeks alike. A solemn fear descended on the city, and the name of the Lord Jesus was greatly honored.18 Many who became believers confessed their sinful practices.19 A number of them who had been practicing sorcery brought their incantation books and burned them at a public bonfire. The value of the books was several million dollars.Greek 50,000 pieces of silver, each of which was the equivalent of a day’s wage.20 So the message about the Lord spread widely and had a powerful effect.

21 Afterward Paul felt compelled by the SpiritOr decided in his spirit. to go over to Macedonia and Achaia before going to Jerusalem. “And after that,” he said, “I must go on to Rome!”22 He sent his two assistants, Timothy and Erastus, ahead to Macedonia while he stayed awhile longer in the province of Asia.

The Riot in Ephesus

23 About that time, serious trouble developed in Ephesus concerning the Way.24 It began with Demetrius, a silversmith who had a large business manufacturing silver shrines of the Greek goddess Artemis.Artemis is otherwise known as Diana. He kept many craftsmen busy.25 He called them together, along with others employed in similar trades, and addressed them as follows:

“Gentlemen, you know that our wealth comes from this business.26 But as you have seen and heard, this man Paul has persuaded many people that handmade gods aren’t really gods at all. And he’s done this not only here in Ephesus but throughout the entire province!27 Of course, I’m not just talking about the loss of public respect for our business. I’m also concerned that the temple of the great goddess Artemis will lose its influence and that Artemis—this magnificent goddess worshiped throughout the province of Asia and all around the world—will be robbed of her great prestige!”

28 At this their anger boiled, and they began shouting, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”29 Soon the whole city was filled with confusion. Everyone rushed to the amphitheater, dragging along Gaius and Aristarchus, who were Paul’s traveling companions from Macedonia.30 Paul wanted to go in, too, but the believers wouldn’t let him.31 Some of the officials of the province, friends of Paul, also sent a message to him, begging him not to risk his life by entering the amphitheater.

32 Inside, the people were all shouting, some one thing and some another. Everything was in confusion. In fact, most of them didn’t even know why they were there.33 The Jews in the crowd pushed Alexander forward and told him to explain the situation. He motioned for silence and tried to speak.34 But when the crowd realized he was a Jew, they started shouting again and kept it up for about two hours: “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians! Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”

35 At last the mayor was able to quiet them down enough to speak. “Citizens of Ephesus,” he said. “Everyone knows that Ephesus is the official guardian of the temple of the great Artemis, whose image fell down to us from heaven.36 Since this is an undeniable fact, you should stay calm and not do anything rash.37 You have brought these men here, but they have stolen nothing from the temple and have not spoken against our goddess.

38 “If Demetrius and the craftsmen have a case against them, the courts are in session and the officials can hear the case at once. Let them make formal charges.39 And if there are complaints about other matters, they can be settled in a legal assembly.40 I am afraid we are in danger of being charged with rioting by the Roman government, since there is no cause for all this commotion. And if Rome demands an explanation, we won’t know what to say.”41 Some translations include verse 41 as part of verse 40.Then he dismissed them, and they dispersed.

13 Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth.

14 And there were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and chief of the priests, which did so.

15 And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?

16 And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.

17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified.

18 And many that believed came, and confessed, and shewed their deeds.

19 Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men: and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver.

20 So mightily grew the word of God and prevailed.

21 After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome.

22 So he sent into Macedonia two of them that ministered unto him, Timotheus and Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a season.

23 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way.

24 For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;

25 Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth.

26 Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands:

27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.

28 And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.

29 And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.

30 And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not.

31 And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre.

32 Some therefore cried one thing, and some another: for the assembly was confused: and the more part knew not wherefore they were come together.

33 And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people.

34 But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.

35 And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?

36 Seeing then that these things cannot be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly.

37 For ye have brought hither these men, which are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers of your goddess.

38 Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.

39 But if ye enquire any thing concerning other matters, it shall be determined in a lawful assembly.

40 For we are in danger to be called in question for this day's uproar, there being no cause whereby we may give an account of this concourse.

41 And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.

Psalm 147:1-20

Psalm 147

Praise the Lord.Hebrew Hallelu Yah; also in verse 20

How good it is to sing praises to our God,

how pleasantS Ps 135:3 and fitting to praise him!Ps 33:1

The Lord builds up Jerusalem;S Ps 51:18

he gathers the exilesS Ps 106:47 of Israel.

He heals the brokenheartedS Ps 34:18

and binds up their wounds.S Nu 12:13; S Job 5:18; Isa 1:6; Eze 34:16

He determines the number of the starsS Ge 15:5

and calls them each by name.

Great is our LordS Ps 48:1 and mighty in power;S Ex 14:31

his understanding has no limit.Ps 145:3; Isa 40:28

The Lord sustains the humbleS 2Ch 33:23; Ps 146:8-9

but casts the wickedPs 37:9-10; 145:20 to the ground.

Sing to the LordPs 30:4; 33:3 with grateful praise;S Ps 42:4

make musicS Ps 27:6 to our God on the harp.S Ps 98:5

He covers the sky with clouds;S Job 26:8

he supplies the earth with rainS Dt 11:14; S 32:2; S 2Sa 1:21; S Job 5:10

and makes grass growS Job 28:26; S Ps 104:14 on the hills.

He provides foodS Ge 1:30; Ps 104:27-28; S Mt 6:26 for the cattle

and for the young ravensS Ge 8:7 when they call.

10 His pleasure is not in the strengthS 1Sa 16:7 of the horse,S Job 39:11; Ps 33:16-17

nor his delight in the legs of the warrior;

11 the Lord delightsS Ps 35:27 in those who fear him,Ps 33:18; 103:11

who put their hopePs 119:43 in his unfailing love.Ps 6:4

12 Extol the Lord, Jerusalem;Ps 48:1

praise your God, Zion.

13 He strengthens the bars of your gatesS Dt 33:25

and blesses your peopleS Lev 25:21; Ps 128:5; 134:3 within you.

14 He grants peaceS Lev 26:6; S 2Sa 7:10; S Isa 48:18 to your borders

and satisfies youS Ps 132:15 with the finest of wheat.S Dt 32:14

15 He sends his commandJob 37:12; Ps 33:9; 148:5 to the earth;

his word runsIsa 55:11 swiftly.

16 He spreads the snowPs 148:8 like wool

and scatters the frostS Job 37:12; 38:29 like ashes.

17 He hurls down his hailEx 9:22-23; S Job 38:22; S Ps 78:47 like pebbles.

Who can withstand his icy blast?

18 He sends his wordver 15; Ps 33:9; 107:20 and melts them;

he stirs up his breezes,S Ps 50:3 and the waters flow.

19 He has revealed his wordS Ex 20:1; Ro 3:2 to Jacob,Ps 78:5

his laws and decreesS Dt 33:4; Jos 1:8; 2Ki 22:8; Mal 4:4; Ro 9:4 to Israel.

20 He has done this for no other nation;Dt 4:7-8, 32-34

they do not knowS Ps 79:6 his laws.Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint nation; / he has not made his laws known to them

Praise the Lord.Ps 33:2; 103:1

Psalm 147

Praise the Lord!

How good to sing praises to our God!

How delightful and how fitting!

The Lord is rebuilding Jerusalem

and bringing the exiles back to Israel.

He heals the brokenhearted

and bandages their wounds.

He counts the stars

and calls them all by name.

How great is our Lord! His power is absolute!

His understanding is beyond comprehension!

The Lord supports the humble,

but he brings the wicked down into the dust.

Sing out your thanks to the Lord;

sing praises to our God with a harp.

He covers the heavens with clouds,

provides rain for the earth,

and makes the grass grow in mountain pastures.

He gives food to the wild animals

and feeds the young ravens when they cry.

10 He takes no pleasure in the strength of a horse

or in human might.

11 No, the Lord’s delight is in those who fear him,

those who put their hope in his unfailing love.

12 Glorify the Lord, O Jerusalem!

Praise your God, O Zion!

13 For he has strengthened the bars of your gates

and blessed your children within your walls.

14 He sends peace across your nation

and satisfies your hunger with the finest wheat.

15 He sends his orders to the world—

how swiftly his word flies!

16 He sends the snow like white wool;

he scatters frost upon the ground like ashes.

17 He hurls the hail like stones.Hebrew like bread crumbs.

Who can stand against his freezing cold?

18 Then, at his command, it all melts.

He sends his winds, and the ice thaws.

19 He has revealed his words to Jacob,

his decrees and regulations to Israel.

20 He has not done this for any other nation;

they do not know his regulations.

Praise the Lord!

147 Praise ye the Lord: for it is good to sing praises unto our God; for it is pleasant; and praise is comely.

The Lord doth build up Jerusalem: he gathereth together the outcasts of Israel.

He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.

He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names.

Great is our Lord, and of great power: his understanding is infinite.

The Lord lifteth up the meek: he casteth the wicked down to the ground.

Sing unto the Lord with thanksgiving; sing praise upon the harp unto our God:

Who covereth the heaven with clouds, who prepareth rain for the earth, who maketh grass to grow upon the mountains.

He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry.

10 He delighteth not in the strength of the horse: he taketh not pleasure in the legs of a man.

11 The Lord taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.

12 Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem; praise thy God, O Zion.

13 For he hath strengthened the bars of thy gates; he hath blessed thy children within thee.

14 He maketh peace in thy borders, and filleth thee with the finest of the wheat.

15 He sendeth forth his commandment upon earth: his word runneth very swiftly.

16 He giveth snow like wool: he scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes.

17 He casteth forth his ice like morsels: who can stand before his cold?

18 He sendeth out his word, and melteth them: he causeth his wind to blow, and the waters flow.

19 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.

20 He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the Lord.

Proverbs 18:4-5

The words of the mouth are deep waters,S Ps 18:16

but the fountain of wisdom is a rushing stream.

It is not good to be partial to the wickedPr 24:23-25; 28:21

and so deprive the innocent of justice.S Ps 82:2; S Pr 17:15

Wise words are like deep waters;

wisdom flows from the wise like a bubbling brook.

It is not right to acquit the guilty

or deny justice to the innocent.

The words of a man's mouth are as deep waters, and the wellspring of wisdom as a flowing brook.

It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.

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