Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

What a picture of the conquering power of God we see as David rehearsed the exploits of his mighty men (2 Samuel 23)! One of them killed eight hundred men (v. 8), and others killed hundreds singlehandedly. Three of them broke through an entire army to bring David a drink of water (v. 16). One killed a lion in a pit and snatched a spear from a giant (vv. 20-21).

Oh, the mighty exploits of those who are filled with the holy power of God! After he was baptized in the Holy Spirit, Peter's boldness in the face of hostile Jerusalem was just as awesome as the courage of David's mighty men.

Away with weak, cowardly Christianity! Let us yield ourselves to the Holy Spirit and prepare for triumphant battle with the enemy. We are the mighty men and women of the Holy Spirit under the New Covenant.

Our power is not intended for destruction, but for reconciliation. Our victory will not be a military victory, but a harvest of souls. "Those who believed what Peter said were baptized and added to the church-about three thousand in all" (Acts 2:41).

Under the Holy Spirit's influence, someone will lead thousands to the Lord. Why shouldn't it be you?

2 Samuel 22:1-23:23

David’s Song of Praise22:1-51pp — Ps 18:1-50

22 David sangS Ex 15:1 to the Lord the words of this song when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.He said:

“The Lord is my rock,S 1Sa 2:2 my fortressPs 31:3; 91:2 and my deliverer;Ps 144:2

my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge,S Dt 23:15; S 32:37; Ps 14:6; 31:2; 59:16; 71:7; 91:2; 94:22; Pr 10:29; Isa 25:4; Jer 16:19; Joel 3:16

my shieldOr sovereignS Ge 15:1 and the hornHorn here symbolizes strength.S Dt 33:17; S Lk 1:69 of my salvation.

He is my stronghold,Ps 9:9; 52:7 my refuge and my savior—

from violent people you save me.

“I called to the Lord, who is worthyPs 48:1; 96:4; 145:3 of praise,

and have been saved from my enemies.

The wavesPs 69:14-15; Jnh 2:3 of death swirled about me;

the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me.

The cords of the gravePs 116:3; Ac 2:24 coiled around me;

the snares of death confronted me.

“In my distressGe 35:3; S Jdg 2:15; 2Ch 15:4; Ps 4:1; 77:2; 120:1; Isa 26:16 I calledPs 34:6, 15; 116:4 to the Lord;

I called out to my God.

From his temple he heard my voice;

my cry came to his ears.

The earthJdg 5:4; Ps 97:4 trembled and quaked,S Ex 19:18; S Jdg 5:4; Ps 68:8; 77:18; Jer 10:10

the foundationsJob 9:6; 26:11; Ps 75:3 of the heavensHebrew; Vulgate and Syriac (see also Psalm 18:7) mountains shook;

they trembled because he was angry.

Smoke rose from his nostrils;

consuming firePs 50:3; 97:3; Heb 12:29; S Rev 11:5 came from his mouth,

burning coalsIsa 6:6; Eze 1:13; 10:2 blazed out of it.

10 He parted the heavens and came down;

dark cloudsS Ex 19:9; Lev 16:2; S Dt 33:26; 1Ki 8:12; Job 26:9; Ps 104:3; Isa 19:1; Jer 4:13; Na 1:3 were under his feet.

11 He mounted the cherubimS Ge 3:24; S Ex 25:22 and flew;

he soaredMany Hebrew manuscripts (see also Psalm 18:10); most Hebrew manuscripts appeared on the wings of the wind.Ps 104:3

12 He made darknessS Ex 19:9 his canopy around him—

the darkSeptuagint (see also Psalm 18:11); Hebrew massed rain clouds of the sky.

13 Out of the brightness of his presence

bolts of lightningJob 37:3; Ps 77:18 blazed forth.

14 The Lord thunderedS 1Sa 2:10 from heaven;

the voice of the Most High resounded.

15 He shot his arrowsS Dt 32:23 and scattered the enemy,

with great bolts of lightning he routed them.

16 The valleys of the sea were exposed

and the foundations of the earth laid bare

at the rebukePs 6:1; 50:8, 21; 106:9; Na 1:4 of the Lord,

at the blastS Ex 14:21; Isa 30:33; 40:24 of breath from his nostrils.

17 “He reached down from on highPs 144:7 and took hold of me;

he drewEx 2:10 me out of deep waters.

18 He rescuedLk 1:71 me from my powerful enemy,

from my foes, who were too strong for me.

19 They confronted me in the day of my disaster,

but the Lord was my support.Ps 23:4

20 He brought me out into a spaciousJob 36:16; Ps 31:8 place;

he rescuedPs 118:5 me because he delightedPs 22:8; Isa 42:1; Mt 12:18 in me.S 2Sa 15:26

21 “The Lord has dealt with me according to my righteousness;S 1Sa 26:23

according to the cleannessPs 26:6 of my handsJob 17:9; 22:30; 42:7-8; Ps 24:4 he has rewarded me.

22 For I have keptGe 18:19; Ps 128:1; Pr 8:32 the ways of the Lord;

I am not guilty of turning from my God.

23 All his laws are before me;Dt 6:4-9; Ps 119:30-32

I have not turnedPs 119:102 away from his decrees.

24 I have been blamelessS Ge 6:9; Eph 1:4 before him

and have kept myself from sin.

25 The Lord has rewarded me according to my righteousness,S 1Sa 26:23

according to my cleannessHebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate (see also Psalm 18:24) to the cleanness of my hands in his sight.

26 “To the faithful you show yourself faithful,

to the blameless you show yourself blameless,

27 to the pureMt 5:8 you show yourself pure,

but to the devious you show yourself shrewd.Lev 26:23-24

28 You save the humble,S Ex 3:8; 1Sa 2:8-9; Ps 72:12-13

but your eyes are on the haughtyPs 131:1; Pr 30:13; Da 4:31; Zep 3:11 to bring them low.Isa 2:12, 17; 5:15; S Lk 1:51

29 You, Lord, are my lamp;Ps 27:1; Isa 2:5; Mic 7:8; Rev 21:23; 22:5

the Lord turns my darkness into light.

30 With your help I can advance against a troopOr can run through a barricade;

with my God I can scale a wall.

31 “As for God, his way is perfect:S Dt 32:4; Mt 5:48

The Lord’s word is flawless;Ps 12:6; 119:140; Pr 30:5-6

he shieldsS Ge 15:1 all who take refuge in him.

32 For who is God besides the Lord?

And who is the RockS 1Sa 2:2 except our God?S 2Sa 7:22

33 It is God who arms me with strengthDead Sea Scrolls, some Septuagint manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also Psalm 18:32); Masoretic Text who is my strong refuge

and keeps my way secure.

34 He makes my feet like the feet of a deer;Isa 35:6; Hab 3:19

he causes me to stand on the heights.S Dt 32:13

35 He trains my handsPs 144:1 for battle;

my arms can bend a bowPs 7:12; 11:2; Zec 9:13 of bronze.

36 You make your saving help my shield;Eph 6:16

your help has madeDead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text shield; / you stoop down to make me great.

37 You provide a broad pathPr 4:11 for my feet,

so that my ankles do not give way.

38 “I pursued my enemies and crushed them;

I did not turn back till they were destroyed.

39 I crushedPs 44:5; 110:6; Mal 4:3 them completely, and they could not rise;

they fell beneath my feet.

40 You armed me with strength for battle;

you humbled my adversaries before me.S Jos 10:24; S 1Ki 5:3

41 You made my enemies turn their backsS Ex 23:27 in flight,

and I destroyed my foes.

42 They cried for help,Isa 1:15 but there was no one to save them—Ps 50:22

to the Lord, but he did not answer.S 1Sa 14:37

43 I beat them as fine as the dust1Ki 20:10; 2Ki 13:7; Isa 41:2; Am 1:3 of the earth;

I pounded and trampledPs 7:5; Isa 41:25; Mic 7:10; Zec 10:5 them like mudIsa 5:25; 10:6; 22:5; Mic 7:10 in the streets.

44 “You have deliveredS Ex 11:3; S 2Sa 3:1 me from the attacks of the peoples;

you have preservedDt 28:13 me as the head of nations.

PeopleS 2Sa 8:1-14; Isa 55:3-5 I did not know now serve me,

45 foreigners cowerPs 66:3; 81:15 before me;

as soon as they hear of me, they obey me.S Dt 33:29

46 They all lose heart;

they come tremblingSome Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate (see also Psalm 18:45); Masoretic Text they arm themselvesMic 7:17 from their strongholds.

47 “The Lord lives! Praise be to my Rock!

ExaltedS Ex 15:2 be my God, the Rock, my Savior!Dt 32:15; Ps 18:31; 89:26; 95:1

48 He is the God who avengesS Nu 31:3 me,Ps 144:2

who puts the nations under me,

49 who sets me free from my enemies.Ps 140:1, 4

You exalted mePs 27:6 above my foes;

from a violent man you rescued me.

50 Therefore I will praise you, Lord, among the nations;

I will sing the praisesPs 9:11; 47:6; 68:4 of your name.Ro 15:9*

51 “He gives his king great victories;Ps 21:1; 144:9-10

he shows unfailing kindness to his anointed,1Sa 16:13; Ps 89:20; Ac 13:23

to DavidS 2Sa 7:13 and his descendants forever.”Ps 89:24, 29

David’s Last Words

23 These are the last words of David:

“The inspired utterance of David son of Jesse,

the utterance of the man exaltedS Ex 11:3; Ps 78:70-71; 89:27 by the Most High,

the man anointed1Sa 2:10, 35; Ps 18:50; 20:6; 84:9; Isa 45:1; Hab 3:13 by the God of Jacob,

the hero of Israel’s songs:

“The SpiritMt 22:43; Mk 12:36; 2Pe 1:21 of the Lord spoke through me;

his word was on my tongue.

The God of Israel spoke,

the RockDt 32:4; S 1Sa 2:2; Ps 18:31 of Israel said to me:

‘When one rules over people in righteousness,Ps 72:2

when he rules in the fearS Ge 42:18 of God,Isa 11:1-5

he is like the lightJn 1:5 of morningPs 119:147; 130:6; Pr 4:18 at sunriseS Jdg 5:31; Mt 13:43

on a cloudless morning,

like the brightness after rainS Dt 32:2

that brings grass from the earth.’

“If my house were not right with God,

surely he would not have made with me an everlasting covenant,S Ge 9:16; Ps 89:29

arranged and secured in every part;

surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation

and grant me my every desire.

But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns,Isa 5:6; 9:18; 10:17; 27:4; 33:12; Mic 7:4; Na 1:10; Mt 13:40-41

which are not gathered with the hand.

Whoever touches thorns

uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear;

they are burned up where they lie.”

David’s Mighty Warriors23:8-39pp — 1Ch 11:10-41

These are the names of David’s mighty warriors:S 2Sa 17:10

Josheb-Basshebeth,Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts suggest Ish-Bosheth, that is, Esh-Baal (see also 1 Chron. 11:11 Jashobeam).1Ch 27:2 a Tahkemonite,Probably a variant of Hakmonite (see 1 Chron. 11:11) was chief of the Three; he raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killedSome Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:11); Hebrew and other Septuagint manuscripts Three; it was Adino the Eznite who killed eight hundred men in one encounter.

Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai1Ch 27:4 the Ahohite.1Ch 8:4 As one of the three mighty warriors, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered at Pas DammimSee 1 Chron. 11:13; Hebrew gathered there. for battle. Then the Israelites retreated,10 but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The Lord brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.

11 Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel’s troops fled from them.12 But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the Lord brought about a great victory.

13 During harvest time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at the cave of Adullam,S Ge 38:1; S Jos 12:15 while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.S Jos 17:1514 At that time David was in the stronghold,1Sa 22:4-5; S 2Sa 5:17 and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.Ru 1:1915 David longed for water and said, “Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!”16 So the three mighty warriors broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he pouredS Ge 35:14 it out before the Lord.17 “Far be it from me, Lord, to do this!” he said. “Is it not the bloodLev 17:10-12 of men who went at the risk of their lives?” And David would not drink it.

Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.

18 AbishaiS 1Sa 26:6 the brother of Joab son of Zeruiah was chief of the Three.Most Hebrew manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:20); two Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac Thirty He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three.19 Was he not held in greater honor than the Three? He became their commander, even though he was not included among them.

20 BenaiahS 2Sa 8:18; 1Ch 27:5 son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel,Jos 15:21 performed great exploits. He struck down Moab’s two mightiest warriors. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion.21 And he struck down a huge Egyptian. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear.22 Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous as the three mighty warriors.23 He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

David’s Song of Praise

22 David sang this song to the Lord on the day the Lord rescued him from all his enemies and from Saul.He sang:

“The Lord is my rock, my fortress, and my savior;

my God is my rock, in whom I find protection.

He is my shield, the power that saves me,

and my place of safety.

He is my refuge, my savior,

the one who saves me from violence.

I called on the Lord, who is worthy of praise,

and he saved me from my enemies.

“The waves of death overwhelmed me;

floods of destruction swept over me.

The graveHebrew Sheol. wrapped its ropes around me;

death laid a trap in my path.

But in my distress I cried out to the Lord;

yes, I cried to my God for help.

He heard me from his sanctuary;

my cry reached his ears.

“Then the earth quaked and trembled.

The foundations of the heavens shook;

they quaked because of his anger.

Smoke poured from his nostrils;

fierce flames leaped from his mouth.

Glowing coals blazed forth from him.

10 He opened the heavens and came down;

dark storm clouds were beneath his feet.

11 Mounted on a mighty angelic being,Hebrew a cherub. he flew,

soaringAs in some Hebrew manuscripts (see also Ps 18:10); other Hebrew manuscripts read appearing. on the wings of the wind.

12 He shrouded himself in darkness,

veiling his approach with dense rain clouds.

13 A great brightness shone around him,

and burning coalsOr and lightning bolts. blazed forth.

14 The Lord thundered from heaven;

the voice of the Most High resounded.

15 He shot arrows and scattered his enemies;

his lightning flashed, and they were confused.

16 Then at the command of the Lord,

at the blast of his breath,

the bottom of the sea could be seen,

and the foundations of the earth were laid bare.

17 “He reached down from heaven and rescued me;

he drew me out of deep waters.

18 He rescued me from my powerful enemies,

from those who hated me and were too strong for me.

19 They attacked me at a moment when I was in distress,

but the Lord supported me.

20 He led me to a place of safety;

he rescued me because he delights in me.

21 The Lord rewarded me for doing right;

he restored me because of my innocence.

22 For I have kept the ways of the Lord;

I have not turned from my God to follow evil.

23 I have followed all his regulations;

I have never abandoned his decrees.

24 I am blameless before God;

I have kept myself from sin.

25 The Lord rewarded me for doing right.

He has seen my innocence.

26 “To the faithful you show yourself faithful;

to those with integrity you show integrity.

27 To the pure you show yourself pure,

but to the crooked you show yourself shrewd.

28 You rescue the humble,

but your eyes watch the proud and humiliate them.

29 O Lord, you are my lamp.

The Lord lights up my darkness.

30 In your strength I can crush an army;

with my God I can scale any wall.

31 “God’s way is perfect.

All the Lord’s promises prove true.

He is a shield for all who look to him for protection.

32 For who is God except the Lord?

Who but our God is a solid rock?

33 God is my strong fortress,

and he makes my way perfect.

34 He makes me as surefooted as a deer,

enabling me to stand on mountain heights.

35 He trains my hands for battle;

he strengthens my arm to draw a bronze bow.

36 You have given me your shield of victory;

your helpAs in Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text reads your answering. has made me great.

37 You have made a wide path for my feet

to keep them from slipping.

38 “I chased my enemies and destroyed them;

I did not stop until they were conquered.

39 I consumed them;

I struck them down so they did not get up;

they fell beneath my feet.

40 You have armed me with strength for the battle;

you have subdued my enemies under my feet.

41 You placed my foot on their necks.

I have destroyed all who hated me.

42 They looked for help, but no one came to their rescue.

They even cried to the Lord, but he refused to answer.

43 I ground them as fine as the dust of the earth;

I trampled themAs in Dead Sea Scrolls (see also Ps 18:42); Masoretic Text reads I crushed and trampled them. in the gutter like dirt.

44 “You gave me victory over my accusers.

You preserved me as the ruler over nations;

people I don’t even know now serve me.

45 Foreign nations cringe before me;

as soon as they hear of me, they submit.

46 They all lose their courage

and come tremblingAs in parallel text at Ps 18:45; Hebrew reads come girding themselves. from their strongholds.

47 “The Lord lives! Praise to my Rock!

May God, the Rock of my salvation, be exalted!

48 He is the God who pays back those who harm me;

he brings down the nations under me

49 and delivers me from my enemies.

You hold me safe beyond the reach of my enemies;

you save me from violent opponents.

50 For this, O Lord, I will praise you among the nations;

I will sing praises to your name.

51 You give great victories to your king;

you show unfailing love to your anointed,

to David and all his descendants forever.”

David’s Last Words

23 These are the last words of David:

“David, the son of Jesse, speaks—

David, the man who was raised up so high,

David, the man anointed by the God of Jacob,

David, the sweet psalmist of Israel.Or the favorite subject of the songs of Israel; or the favorite of the Strong One of Israel.

“The Spirit of the Lord speaks through me;

his words are upon my tongue.

The God of Israel spoke.

The Rock of Israel said to me:

‘The one who rules righteously,

who rules in the fear of God,

is like the light of morning at sunrise,

like a morning without clouds,

like the gleaming of the sun

on new grass after rain.’

“Is it not my family God has chosen?

Yes, he has made an everlasting covenant with me.

His agreement is arranged and guaranteed in every detail.

He will ensure my safety and success.

But the godless are like thorns to be thrown away,

for they tear the hand that touches them.

One must use iron tools to chop them down;

they will be totally consumed by fire.”

David’s Mightiest Warriors

These are the names of David’s mightiest warriors. The first was Jashobeam the Hacmonite,As in parallel text at 1 Chr 11:11; Hebrew reads Josheb-basshebeth the Tahkemonite. who was leader of the ThreeAs in Greek and Latin versions (see also 1 Chr 11:11); the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain.—the three mightiest warriors among David’s men. He once used his spear to kill 800 enemy warriors in a single battle.As in some Greek manuscripts (see also 1 Chr 11:11); the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain, though it might be rendered the Three. It was Adino the Eznite who killed 800 men at one time.

Next in rank among the Three was Eleazar son of Dodai, a descendant of Ahoah. Once Eleazar and David stood together against the Philistines when the entire Israelite army had fled.10 He killed Philistines until his hand was too tired to lift his sword, and the Lord gave him a great victory that day. The rest of the army did not return until it was time to collect the plunder!

11 Next in rank was Shammah son of Agee from Harar. One time the Philistines gathered at Lehi and attacked the Israelites in a field full of lentils. The Israelite army fled,12 but ShammahHebrew he. held his ground in the middle of the field and beat back the Philistines. So the Lord brought about a great victory.

13 Once during the harvest, when David was at the cave of Adullam, the Philistine army was camped in the valley of Rephaim. The Three (who were among the Thirty—an elite group among David’s fighting men) went down to meet him there.14 David was staying in the stronghold at the time, and a Philistine detachment had occupied the town of Bethlehem.

15 David remarked longingly to his men, “Oh, how I would love some of that good water from the well by the gate in Bethlehem.”16 So the Three broke through the Philistine lines, drew some water from the well by the gate in Bethlehem, and brought it back to David. But he refused to drink it. Instead, he poured it out as an offering to the Lord.17 “The Lord forbid that I should drink this!” he exclaimed. “This water is as precious as the blood of these menHebrew Shall I drink the blood of these men? who risked their lives to bring it to me.” So David did not drink it. These are examples of the exploits of the Three.

David’s Thirty Mighty Men

18 Abishai son of Zeruiah, the brother of Joab, was the leader of the Thirty.As in a few Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac version; most Hebrew manuscripts read the Three. He once used his spear to kill 300 enemy warriors in a single battle. It was by such feats that he became as famous as the Three.19 Abishai was the most famous of the ThirtyAs in Syriac version; Hebrew reads the Three. and was their commander, though he was not one of the Three.

20 There was also Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a valiant warriorOr son of Jehoiada, son of Ish-hai. from Kabzeel. He did many heroic deeds, which included killing two championsHebrew two of Ariel. of Moab. Another time, on a snowy day, he chased a lion down into a pit and killed it.21 Once, armed only with a club, he killed an imposing Egyptian warrior who was armed with a spear. Benaiah wrenched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with it.22 Deeds like these made Benaiah as famous as the Three mightiest warriors.23 He was more honored than the other members of the Thirty, though he was not one of the Three. And David made him captain of his bodyguard.

22 And David spake unto the Lord the words of this song in the day that the Lord had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:

And he said, The Lord is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;

The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

I will call on the Lord, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.

When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;

The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;

In my distress I called upon the Lord, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears.

Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.

There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.

11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.

12 And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.

13 Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.

14 The Lord thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice.

15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.

16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the Lord, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

17 He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters;

18 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.

19 They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the Lord was my stay.

20 He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.

21 The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.

22 For I have kept the ways of the Lord, and have not wickedly departed from my God.

23 For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them.

24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.

25 Therefore the Lord hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.

26 With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright.

27 With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury.

28 And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.

29 For thou art my lamp, O Lord: and the Lord will lighten my darkness.

30 For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.

31 As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the Lord is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him.

32 For who is God, save the Lord? and who is a rock, save our God?

33 God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect.

34 He maketh my feet like hinds' feet: and setteth me upon my high places.

35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.

36 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness hath made me great.

37 Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.

38 I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

39 And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.

40 For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me.

41 Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.

42 They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the Lord, but he answered them not.

43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.

44 Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.

45 Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.

46 Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places.

47 The Lord liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

48 It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me.

49 And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.

51 He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.

23 Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

The Spirit of the Lord spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.

The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.

But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:

But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the Lord wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines.

12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the Lord wrought a great victory.

13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.

14 And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!

16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the Lord.

17 And he said, Be it far from me, O Lord, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three.

19 Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.

20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:

21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.

22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.

23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

Acts 2:1-47

The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost

When the day of PentecostLev 23:15, 16; Ac 20:16; 1Co 16:8 came, they were all togetherAc 1:14 in one place.Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.Ac 4:31They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them.All of them were filled with the Holy SpiritS Lk 1:15 and began to speak in other tonguesOr languages; also in verse 11S Mk 16:17 as the Spirit enabled them.

Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearingLk 2:25; Ac 8:2 Jews from every nation under heaven.When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard their own language being spoken.Utterly amazed,ver 12 they asked: “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans?Ac 1:11Then how is it that each of us hears them in our native language?Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia,1Pe 1:1 PontusAc 18:2; 1Pe 1:1 and Asia,That is, the Roman province by that nameAc 16:6; 19:10; Ro 16:5; 1Co 16:19; 2Co 1:8; Rev 1:410 PhrygiaAc 16:6; 18:23 and Pamphylia,Ac 13:13; 14:24; 15:38 Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene;S Mt 27:32 visitors from Rome11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!”12 Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?”

13 Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.”1Co 14:23; Eph 5:18

Peter Addresses the Crowd

14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say.15 These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It’s only nine in the morning!1Th 5:716 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

17 “‘In the last days, God says,

I will pour out my Spirit on all people.Nu 11:25; Isa 44:3; Eze 39:29; Jn 7:37-39; Ac 10:45

Your sons and daughters will prophesy,S Ac 21:9

your young men will see visions,

your old men will dream dreams.

18 Even on my servants, both men and women,

I will pour out my Spirit in those days,

and they will prophesy.Ac 21:9-12

19 I will show wonders in the heavens above

and signs on the earth below,Lk 21:11

blood and fire and billows of smoke.

20 The sun will be turned to darkness

and the moon to bloodS Mt 24:29

before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.

21 And everyone who calls

on the name of the LordGe 4:26; 26:25; Ps 105:1; Ac 9:14; 1Co 1:2; 2Ti 2:22 will be saved.’Joel 2:28-32Joel 2:28-32; Ro 10:13

22 “Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of NazarethS Mk 1:24 was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs,S Jn 4:48 which God did among you through him,S Jn 3:2 as you yourselves know.23 This man was handed over to you by God’s deliberate plan and foreknowledge;Isa 53:10; Ac 3:18; 4:28 and you, with the help of wicked men,Or of those not having the law (that is, Gentiles) put him to death by nailing him to the cross.Mt 16:21; Lk 24:20; Ac 3:1324 But God raised him from the dead,ver 32; Ac 13:30, 33, 34, 37; 17:31; Ro 6:4; 8:11; 10:9; 1Co 6:14; 15:15; Eph 1:20; Col 2:12; Heb 13:20; 1Pe 1:21 freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him.Jn 20:925 David said about him:

“‘I saw the Lord always before me.

Because he is at my right hand,

I will not be shaken.

26 Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices;

my body also will rest in hope,

27 because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead,

you will not let your holy one see decay.ver 31; Ac 13:35

28 You have made known to me the paths of life;

you will fill me with joy in your presence.’Psalm 16:8-11 (see Septuagint)Ps 16:8-11

29 “Fellow Israelites,S Ac 22:5 I can tell you confidently that the patriarchAc 7:8, 9 David died and was buried,1Ki 2:10; Ac 13:36 and his tomb is hereNe 3:16 to this day.30 But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne.S Mt 1:131 Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay.Ps 16:1032 God has raised this Jesus to life,S ver 24 and we are all witnessesS Lk 24:48 of it.33 ExaltedS Php 2:9 to the right hand of God,S Mk 16:19 he has received from the FatherAc 1:4 the promised Holy SpiritJn 7:39; 14:26; 15:26 and has poured outAc 10:45 what you now see and hear.34 For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said,

“‘The Lord said to my Lord:

“Sit at my right hand

35 until I make your enemies

a footstool for your feet.”’Psalm 110:1Ps 110:1; S Mt 22:44

36 “Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both LordS Mt 28:18 and Messiah.”S Lk 2:11

37 When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”Lk 3:10, 12, 14; Ac 16:30

38 Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized,ver 41; Ac 8:12, 16, 36, 38; 9:18; 10:48; 16:15, 33; 19:5; 22:16; Col 2:12 every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins.Jer 36:3; Mk 1:4; S Lk 24:47; Ac 3:19 And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.S Jn 20:2239 The promise is for you and your childrenIsa 44:3; 65:23 and for all who are far offIsa 57:19; Ac 10:45; Eph 2:13—for all whom the Lord our God will call.”

40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.”Dt 32:5; Php 2:1541 Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their numberver 47; Ac 4:4; 5:14; 6:1, 7; 9:31, 35, 42; 11:21, 24; 14:1, 21; 16:5; 17:12 that day.

The Fellowship of the Believers

42 They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teachingMt 28:20 and to fellowship, to the breaking of breadS Mt 14:19 and to prayer.S Ac 1:1443 Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles.Ac 5:1244 All the believers were together and had everything in common.Ac 4:3245 They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need.Mt 19:21; Lk 12:33; 18:22; Ac 4:34, 35; 6:146 Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts.Lk 24:53; Ac 3:1; 5:21, 42 They broke breadver 42; S Mt 14:19 in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts,47 praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people.S Ro 14:18 And the Lord added to their numberS ver 41 daily those who were being saved.

The Holy Spirit Comes

On the day of PentecostThe Festival of Pentecost came 50 days after Passover (when Jesus was crucified). all the believers were meeting together in one place.Suddenly, there was a sound from heaven like the roaring of a mighty windstorm, and it filled the house where they were sitting.Then, what looked like flames or tongues of fire appeared and settled on each of them.And everyone present was filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking in other languages,Or in other tongues. as the Holy Spirit gave them this ability.

At that time there were devout Jews from every nation living in Jerusalem.When they heard the loud noise, everyone came running, and they were bewildered to hear their own languages being spoken by the believers.

They were completely amazed. “How can this be?” they exclaimed. “These people are all from Galilee,and yet we hear them speaking in our own native languages!Here we are—Parthians, Medes, Elamites, people from Mesopotamia, Judea, Cappadocia, Pontus, the province of Asia,10 Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, and the areas of Libya around Cyrene, visitors from Rome11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism), Cretans, and Arabs. And we all hear these people speaking in our own languages about the wonderful things God has done!”12 They stood there amazed and perplexed. “What can this mean?” they asked each other.

13 But others in the crowd ridiculed them, saying, “They’re just drunk, that’s all!”

Peter Preaches to the Crowd

14 Then Peter stepped forward with the eleven other apostles and shouted to the crowd, “Listen carefully, all of you, fellow Jews and residents of Jerusalem! Make no mistake about this.15 These people are not drunk, as some of you are assuming. Nine o’clock in the morning is much too early for that.16 No, what you see was predicted long ago by the prophet Joel:

17 ‘In the last days,’ God says,

‘I will pour out my Spirit upon all people.

Your sons and daughters will prophesy.

Your young men will see visions,

and your old men will dream dreams.

18 In those days I will pour out my Spirit

even on my servants—men and women alike—

and they will prophesy.

19 And I will cause wonders in the heavens above

and signs on the earth below—

blood and fire and clouds of smoke.

20 The sun will become dark,

and the moon will turn blood red

before that great and glorious day of the Lord arrives.

21 But everyone who calls on the name of the Lord

will be saved.’Joel 2:28-32.

22 “People of Israel, listen! God publicly endorsed Jesus the NazareneOr Jesus of Nazareth. by doing powerful miracles, wonders, and signs through him, as you well know.23 But God knew what would happen, and his prearranged plan was carried out when Jesus was betrayed. With the help of lawless Gentiles, you nailed him to a cross and killed him.24 But God released him from the horrors of death and raised him back to life, for death could not keep him in its grip.25 King David said this about him:

‘I see that the Lord is always with me.

I will not be shaken, for he is right beside me.

26 No wonder my heart is glad,

and my tongue shouts his praises!

My body rests in hope.

27 For you will not leave my soul among the deadGreek in Hades; also in 2:31.

or allow your Holy One to rot in the grave.

28 You have shown me the way of life,

and you will fill me with the joy of your presence.’Ps 16:8-11 (Greek version).

29 “Dear brothers, think about this! You can be sure that the patriarch David wasn’t referring to himself, for he died and was buried, and his tomb is still here among us.30 But he was a prophet, and he knew God had promised with an oath that one of David’s own descendants would sit on his throne.31 David was looking into the future and speaking of the Messiah’s resurrection. He was saying that God would not leave him among the dead or allow his body to rot in the grave.

32 “God raised Jesus from the dead, and we are all witnesses of this.33 Now he is exalted to the place of highest honor in heaven, at God’s right hand. And the Father, as he had promised, gave him the Holy Spirit to pour out upon us, just as you see and hear today.34 For David himself never ascended into heaven, yet he said,

‘The Lord said to my Lord,

“Sit in the place of honor at my right hand

35 until I humble your enemies,

making them a footstool under your feet.”’Ps 110:1.

36 “So let everyone in Israel know for certain that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, to be both Lord and Messiah!”

37 Peter’s words pierced their hearts, and they said to him and to the other apostles, “Brothers, what should we do?”

38 Peter replied, “Each of you must repent of your sins and turn to God, and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. Then you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.39 This promise is to you, to your children, and to those far awayOr and to people far in the future, or and to the Gentiles.—all who have been called by the Lord our God.”40 Then Peter continued preaching for a long time, strongly urging all his listeners, “Save yourselves from this crooked generation!”

41 Those who believed what Peter said were baptized and added to the church that day—about 3,000 in all.

The Believers Form a Community

42 All the believers devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching, and to fellowship, and to sharing in meals (including the Lord’s SupperGreek the breaking of bread; also in 2:46.), and to prayer.

43 A deep sense of awe came over them all, and the apostles performed many miraculous signs and wonders.44 And all the believers met together in one place and shared everything they had.45 They sold their property and possessions and shared the money with those in need.46 They worshiped together at the Temple each day, met in homes for the Lord’s Supper, and shared their meals with great joy and generosityOr and sincere hearts.47 all the while praising God and enjoying the goodwill of all the people. And each day the Lord added to their fellowship those who were being saved.

And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.

And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.

Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.

And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?

And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?

Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,

10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,

11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.

12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?

13 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine.

14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:

15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.

16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;

17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:

18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:

19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:

20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come:

21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.

22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:

23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:

24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.

25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:

26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:

27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.

29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.

30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.

33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.

34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,

35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.

36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made the same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?

38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.

40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.

41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles.

44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common;

45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.

46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,

47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.

Psalm 122:1-9

Psalm 122

A song of ascents. Of David.

I rejoiced with those who said to me,

“Let us go to the house of the Lord.”

Our feet are standing

in your gates, Jerusalem.

Jerusalem is built like a city

that is closely compacted together.

That is where the tribes go up—

the tribes of the Lord

to praise the name of the Lord

according to the statute given to Israel.

There stand the thrones for judgment,

the thrones of the house of David.

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem:

“May those who loveS Ps 26:8 you be secure.

May there be peaceS 1Sa 25:6 within your walls

and security within your citadels.S Ps 48:3

For the sake of my family and friends,

I will say, “Peace be within you.”

For the sake of the house of the Lord our God,

I will seek your prosperity.Ps 128:5

Psalm 122

A song for pilgrims ascending to Jerusalem. A psalm of David.

I was glad when they said to me,

“Let us go to the house of the Lord.”

And now here we are,

standing inside your gates, O Jerusalem.

Jerusalem is a well-built city;

its seamless walls cannot be breached.

All the tribes of Israel—the Lord’s people—

make their pilgrimage here.

They come to give thanks to the name of the Lord,

as the law requires of Israel.

Here stand the thrones where judgment is given,

the thrones of the dynasty of David.

Pray for peace in Jerusalem.

May all who love this city prosper.

O Jerusalem, may there be peace within your walls

and prosperity in your palaces.

For the sake of my family and friends, I will say,

“May you have peace.”

For the sake of the house of the Lord our God,

I will seek what is best for you, O Jerusalem.

122 I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into the house of the Lord.

Our feet shall stand within thy gates, O Jerusalem.

Jerusalem is builded as a city that is compact together:

Whither the tribes go up, the tribes of the Lord, unto the testimony of Israel, to give thanks unto the name of the Lord.

For there are set thrones of judgment, the thrones of the house of David.

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.

Peace be within thy walls, and prosperity within thy palaces.

For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will now say, Peace be within thee.

Because of the house of the Lord our God I will seek thy good.

Proverbs 16:19-20

19 Better to be lowly in spirit along with the oppressed

than to share plunder with the proud.

20 Whoever gives heed to instruction prospers,Or whoever speaks prudently finds what is goodPr 13:13

and blessed is the one who trusts in the Lord.S Ps 32:10; 40:4; Pr 19:8; 29:25; Jer 17:7

19 Better to live humbly with the poor

than to share plunder with the proud.

20 Those who listen to instruction will prosper;

those who trust the Lord will be joyful.

19 Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud.

20 He that handleth a matter wisely shall find good: and whoso trusteth in the Lord, happy is he.

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