Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

Prayer is the key that overcomes the enemy in battle. Hezekiah prayed on two different occasions and thus overcame tremendous struggles. First, he and Isaiah prayed against the invasion by Sennacherib (2 Chronicles 32:20), and God sent His angel to completely destroy the enemy's army. Then, in a struggle for his life, Hezekiah sought God, and God healed him in answer to his prayer (v. 24).

Manasseh, too, experienced the power of prayer to change a difficult situation. While in a Babylonian jail, he prayed to the Lord, and God miraculously delivered him and restored him to power. What powerful illustrations of prayer and its ability to release God's deliverance these examples are!

Paul understood this principle of prayer when he asked the Romans to struggle with him in prayer that he might be "rescued from those in Judea who refuse to obey God" (Romans 15:31). David voiced a similar prayer: "Protect me! Rescue my life from them! Do not let me be disgraced, for I trust in you" (Psalm 25:20).

Your spiritual leaders need your prayers. Pray diligently today for them to be protected, fruitful, and refreshed. Your prayers may save their lives!

2 Chronicles 32:1-33:13

Sennacherib Threatens Jerusalem32:9-19pp — 2Ki 18:17-35; Isa 36:2-2032:20-21pp — 2Ki 19:35-37; Isa 37:36-38

32 After all that Hezekiah had so faithfully done, SennacheribIsa 36:1; 37:9, 17, 37 king of Assyria came and invaded Judah. He laid siege to the fortified cities, thinking to conquer them for himself.When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and that he intended to wage war against Jerusalem,Isa 22:7; Jer 1:15he consulted with his officials and military staff about blocking off the water from the springs outside the city, and they helped him.They gathered a large group of people who blocked all the springsS 2Ki 18:17; Isa 22:9, 11; Na 3:14 and the stream that flowed through the land. “Why should the kingsHebrew; Septuagint and Syriac king of Assyria come and find plenty of water?” they said.Then he worked hard repairing all the broken sections of the wallIsa 22:10 and building towers on it. He built another wall outside that one and reinforced the terracesOr the MilloS 1Ch 11:8 of the City of David. He also made large numbers of weaponsIsa 22:8 and shields.

He appointed military officers over the people and assembled them before him in the square at the city gate and encouraged them with these words:“Be strong and courageous.S Dt 31:6 Do not be afraid or discouraged2Ch 20:15 because of the king of Assyria and the vast army with him, for there is a greater power with us than with him.S Nu 14:9; 2Ki 6:16With him is only the arm of flesh,Job 40:9; Isa 52:10; Jer 17:5; 32:21 but with usS Dt 3:22; S 1Sa 17:45 is the Lord our God to help us and to fight our battles.”S 1Ch 5:22; Ps 20:7; Isa 28:6 And the people gained confidence from what Hezekiah the king of Judah said.

Later, when Sennacherib king of Assyria and all his forces were laying siege to Lachish,S Jos 10:3, 31 he sent his officers to Jerusalem with this message for Hezekiah king of Judah and for all the people of Judah who were there:

10 “This is what Sennacherib king of Assyria says: On what are you basing your confidence,Eze 29:16 that you remain in Jerusalem under siege?11 When Hezekiah says, ‘The Lord our God will save us from the hand of the king of Assyria,’ he is misleadingIsa 37:10 you, to let you die of hunger and thirst.12 Did not Hezekiah himself remove this god’s high places and altars, saying to Judah and Jerusalem, ‘You must worship before one altarS 2Ch 31:1 and burn sacrifices on it’?

13 “Do you not know what I and my predecessors have done to all the peoples of the other lands? Were the gods of those nations ever able to deliver their land from my hand?ver 1514 Who of all the gods of these nations that my predecessors destroyed has been able to save his people from me? How then can your god deliver you from my hand?15 Now do not let Hezekiah deceiveIsa 37:10 you and mislead you like this. Do not believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom has been able to deliverDa 3:15 his people from my hand or the hand of my predecessors.Ex 5:2 How much less will your god deliver you from my hand!”

16 Sennacherib’s officers spoke further against the Lord God and against his servant Hezekiah.17 The king also wrote lettersIsa 37:14 ridiculingPs 74:22; Isa 37:4, 17 the Lord, the God of Israel, and saying this against him: “Just as the godsS 2Ki 19:12 of the peoples of the other lands did not rescue their people from my hand, so the god of Hezekiah will not rescue his people from my hand.”18 Then they called out in Hebrew to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall, to terrify them and make them afraid in order to capture the city.19 They spoke about the God of Jerusalem as they did about the gods of the other peoples of the world—the work of human hands.Ps 115:4-8; Isa 2:8; 17:8; 37:19; Jer 1:16

20 King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz cried out in prayerIsa 1:15; 37:15 to heaven about this.21 And the Lord sent an angel,S Ge 19:13 who annihilated all the fighting men and the commanders and officers in the camp of the Assyrian king. So he withdrew to his own land in disgrace. And when he went into the temple of his god, some of his sons, his own flesh and blood, cut him down with the sword.S 2Ki 19:7; Isa 37:7, 38; Jer 41:2

22 So the Lord saved Hezekiah and the people of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib king of Assyria and from the hand of all others. He took care of themHebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate He gave them rest on every side.23 Many brought offerings to Jerusalem for the Lord and valuable giftsS 1Sa 10:27; S 2Ch 9:24; Ps 68:18, 29; 76:11; Isa 16:1; 18:7; 45:14; Zep 3:10; Zec 14:16-17 for Hezekiah king of Judah. From then on he was highly regarded by all the nations.

Hezekiah’s Pride, Success and Death32:24-33pp — 2Ki 20:1-21; Isa 37:21-38; 38:1-8

24 In those days Hezekiah became ill and was at the point of death. He prayed to the Lord, who answered him and gave him a miraculous sign.ver 3125 But Hezekiah’s heart was proudS 2Ki 14:10 and he did not respond to the kindness shown him; therefore the Lord’s wrathS 2Ch 19:2 was on him and on Judah and Jerusalem.26 Then Hezekiah repentedJer 26:18-19 of the pride of his heart, as did the people of Jerusalem; therefore the Lord’s wrath did not come on them during the days of Hezekiah.2Ch 34:27, 28; Isa 39:8

27 Hezekiah had very great wealth and honor,S 1Ch 29:12; S 2Ch 9:24 and he made treasuries for his silver and gold and for his precious stones, spices, shields and all kinds of valuables.28 He also made buildings to store the harvest of grain, new wine and olive oil; and he made stalls for various kinds of cattle, and pens for the flocks.29 He built villages and acquired great numbers of flocks and herds, for God had given him very great riches.Isa 39:2

30 It was Hezekiah who blockedS 2Ki 18:17 the upper outlet of the GihonS 1Ki 1:33 spring and channeledS 2Sa 5:8 the water down to the west side of the City of David. He succeeded in everything he undertook.31 But when envoys were sent by the rulers of BabylonIsa 13:1; 39:1 to ask him about the miraculous signS ver 24; Isa 38:7 that had occurred in the land, God left him to testS Ge 22:1; Dt 8:16 him and to know everything that was in his heart.

32 The other events of Hezekiah’s reign and his acts of devotion are written in the vision of the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.33 Hezekiah rested with his ancestors and was buried on the hill where the tombs of David’s descendants are. All Judah and the people of Jerusalem honored him when he died. And Manasseh his son succeeded him as king.

Manasseh King of Judah33:1-10pp — 2Ki 21:1-1033:18-20pp — 2Ki 21:17-18

33 ManassehS 1Ch 3:13 was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-five years.He did evil in the eyes of the Lord,Jer 15:4 following the detestableS Dt 18:9 practices of the nations the Lord had driven out before the Israelites.He rebuilt the high places his father Hezekiah had demolished; he also erected altars to the Baals and made Asherah poles.Dt 16:21-22; S 2Ch 24:18 He bowed downDt 17:3 to all the starry hosts and worshiped them.He built altars in the temple of the Lord, of which the Lord had said, “My Name2Ch 7:16 will remain in Jerusalem forever.”In both courts of the temple of the Lord,S 2Ch 4:9 he built altars to all the starry hosts.He sacrificed his childrenS Lev 18:21; S Dt 18:10 in the fire in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, practiced divination and witchcraft, sought omens, and consulted mediumsS Ex 22:18; S Lev 19:31 and spiritists.S 1Sa 28:13 He did much evil in the eyes of the Lord, arousing his anger.

He took the image he had made and put it in God’s temple,S 2Ch 7:16 of which God had said to David and to his son Solomon, “In this temple and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put my Name forever.I will not again make the feet of the Israelites leave the landS 2Sa 7:10 I assigned to your ancestors, if only they will be careful to do everything I commanded them concerning all the laws, decrees and regulations given through Moses.”But Manasseh led Judah and the people of Jerusalem astray, so that they did more evil than the nations the Lord had destroyed before the Israelites.Jer 15:4; Eze 5:7

10 The Lord spoke to Manasseh and his people, but they paid no attention.11 So the Lord brought against them the army commanders of the king of Assyria, who took Manasseh prisoner,S Dt 28:36 put a hookS 2Ki 19:28; Isa 37:29; Eze 29:4; 38:4; Am 4:2 in his nose, bound him with bronze shacklesPs 149:8 and took him to Babylon.12 In his distress he sought the favor of the Lord his God and humbledS 2Ch 6:37 himself greatly before the God of his ancestors.13 And when he prayed to him, the Lord was moved by his entreaty and listened to his plea; so he brought him back to Jerusalem and to his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the Lord is God.

Assyria Invades Judah

32 After Hezekiah had faithfully carried out this work, King Sennacherib of Assyria invaded Judah. He laid siege to the fortified towns, giving orders for his army to break through their walls.When Hezekiah realized that Sennacherib also intended to attack Jerusalem,he consulted with his officials and military advisers, and they decided to stop the flow of the springs outside the city.They organized a huge work crew to stop the flow of the springs, cutting off the brook that ran through the fields. For they said, “Why should the kings of Assyria come here and find plenty of water?”

Then Hezekiah worked hard at repairing all the broken sections of the wall, erecting towers, and constructing a second wall outside the first. He also reinforced the supporting terracesHebrew the millo. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. in the City of David and manufactured large numbers of weapons and shields.He appointed military officers over the people and assembled them before him in the square at the city gate. Then Hezekiah encouraged them by saying:“Be strong and courageous! Don’t be afraid or discouraged because of the king of Assyria or his mighty army, for there is a power far greater on our side!He may have a great army, but they are merely men. We have the Lord our God to help us and to fight our battles for us!” Hezekiah’s words greatly encouraged the people.

Sennacherib Threatens Jerusalem

While King Sennacherib of Assyria was still besieging the town of Lachish, he sent his officers to Jerusalem with this message for Hezekiah and all the people in the city:

10 “This is what King Sennacherib of Assyria says: What are you trusting in that makes you think you can survive my siege of Jerusalem?11 Hezekiah has said, ‘The Lord our God will rescue us from the king of Assyria.’ Surely Hezekiah is misleading you, sentencing you to death by famine and thirst!12 Don’t you realize that Hezekiah is the very person who destroyed all the Lord’s shrines and altars? He commanded Judah and Jerusalem to worship only at the altar at the Temple and to offer sacrifices on it alone.

13 “Surely you must realize what I and the other kings of Assyria before me have done to all the people of the earth! Were any of the gods of those nations able to rescue their people from my power?14 Which of their gods was able to rescue its people from the destructive power of my predecessors? What makes you think your God can rescue you from me?15 Don’t let Hezekiah deceive you! Don’t let him fool you like this! I say it again—no god of any nation or kingdom has ever yet been able to rescue his people from me or my ancestors. How much less will your God rescue you from my power!”

16 And Sennacherib’s officers further mocked the Lord God and his servant Hezekiah, heaping insult upon insult.17 The king also sent letters scorning the Lord, the God of Israel. He wrote, “Just as the gods of all the other nations failed to rescue their people from my power, so the God of Hezekiah will also fail.”18 The Assyrian officials who brought the letters shouted this in HebrewHebrew in the dialect of Judah. to the people gathered on the walls of the city, trying to terrify them so it would be easier to capture the city.19 These officers talked about the God of Jerusalem as though he were one of the pagan gods, made by human hands.

20 Then King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz cried out in prayer to God in heaven.21 And the Lord sent an angel who destroyed the Assyrian army with all its commanders and officers. So Sennacherib was forced to return home in disgrace to his own land. And when he entered the temple of his god, some of his own sons killed him there with a sword.

22 That is how the Lord rescued Hezekiah and the people of Jerusalem from King Sennacherib of Assyria and from all the others who threatened them. So there was peace throughout the land.23 From then on King Hezekiah became highly respected among all the surrounding nations, and many gifts for the Lord arrived at Jerusalem, with valuable presents for King Hezekiah, too.

Hezekiah’s Sickness and Recovery

24 About that time Hezekiah became deathly ill. He prayed to the Lord, who healed him and gave him a miraculous sign.25 But Hezekiah did not respond appropriately to the kindness shown him, and he became proud. So the Lord’s anger came against him and against Judah and Jerusalem.26 Then Hezekiah humbled himself and repented of his pride, as did the people of Jerusalem. So the Lord’s anger did not fall on them during Hezekiah’s lifetime.

27 Hezekiah was very wealthy and highly honored. He built special treasury buildings for his silver, gold, precious stones, and spices, and for his shields and other valuable items.28 He also constructed many storehouses for his grain, new wine, and olive oil; and he made many stalls for his cattle and pens for his flocks of sheep and goats.29 He built many towns and acquired vast flocks and herds, for God had given him great wealth.30 He blocked up the upper spring of Gihon and brought the water down through a tunnel to the west side of the City of David. And so he succeeded in everything he did.

31 However, when ambassadors arrived from Babylon to ask about the remarkable events that had taken place in the land, God withdrew from Hezekiah in order to test him and to see what was really in his heart.

Summary of Hezekiah’s Reign

32 The rest of the events in Hezekiah’s reign and his acts of devotion are recorded in The Vision of the Prophet Isaiah Son of Amoz, which is included in The Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel.33 When Hezekiah died, he was buried in the upper area of the royal cemetery, and all Judah and Jerusalem honored him at his death. And his son Manasseh became the next king.

Manasseh Rules in Judah

33 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-five years.He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, following the detestable practices of the pagan nations that the Lord had driven from the land ahead of the Israelites.He rebuilt the pagan shrines his father, Hezekiah, had broken down. He constructed altars for the images of Baal and set up Asherah poles. He also bowed before all the powers of the heavens and worshiped them.

He built pagan altars in the Temple of the Lord, the place where the Lord had said, “My name will remain in Jerusalem forever.”He built these altars for all the powers of the heavens in both courtyards of the Lord’s Temple.Manasseh also sacrificed his own sons in the fireOr also made his sons pass through the fire. in the valley of Ben-Hinnom. He practiced sorcery, divination, and witchcraft, and he consulted with mediums and psychics. He did much that was evil in the Lord’s sight, arousing his anger.

Manasseh even took a carved idol he had made and set it up in God’s Temple, the very place where God had told David and his son Solomon: “My name will be honored forever in this Temple and in Jerusalem—the city I have chosen from among all the tribes of Israel.If the Israelites will be careful to obey my commands—all the laws, decrees, and regulations given through Moses—I will not send them into exile from this land that I set aside for your ancestors.”But Manasseh led the people of Judah and Jerusalem to do even more evil than the pagan nations that the Lord had destroyed when the people of Israel entered the land.

10 The Lord spoke to Manasseh and his people, but they ignored all his warnings.11 So the Lord sent the commanders of the Assyrian armies, and they took Manasseh prisoner. They put a ring through his nose, bound him in bronze chains, and led him away to Babylon.12 But while in deep distress, Manasseh sought the Lord his God and sincerely humbled himself before the God of his ancestors.13 And when he prayed, the Lord listened to him and was moved by his request. So the Lord brought Manasseh back to Jerusalem and to his kingdom. Then Manasseh finally realized that the Lord alone is God!

32 After these things, and the establishment thereof, Sennacherib king of Assyria came, and entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself.

And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem,

He took counsel with his princes and his mighty men to stop the waters of the fountains which were without the city: and they did help him.

So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?

Also he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised it up to the towers, and another wall without, and repaired Millo in the city of David, and made darts and shields in abundance.

And he set captains of war over the people, and gathered them together to him in the street of the gate of the city, and spake comfortably to them, saying,

Be strong and courageous, be not afraid nor dismayed for the king of Assyria, nor for all the multitude that is with him: for there be more with us than with him:

With him is an arm of flesh; but with us is the Lord our God to help us, and to fight our battles. And the people rested themselves upon the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.

After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he himself laid siege against Lachish, and all his power with him,) unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that were at Jerusalem, saying,

10 Thus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, Whereon do ye trust, that ye abide in the siege in Jerusalem?

11 Doth not Hezekiah persuade you to give over yourselves to die by famine and by thirst, saying, The Lord our God shall deliver us out of the hand of the king of Assyria?

12 Hath not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his altars, and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall worship before one altar, and burn incense upon it?

13 Know ye not what I and my fathers have done unto all the people of other lands? were the gods of the nations of those lands any ways able to deliver their lands out of mine hand?

14 Who was there among all the gods of those nations that my fathers utterly destroyed, that could deliver his people out of mine hand, that your God should be able to deliver you out of mine hand?

15 Now therefore let not Hezekiah deceive you, nor persuade you on this manner, neither yet believe him: for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people out of mine hand, and out of the hand of my fathers: how much less shall your God deliver you out of mine hand?

16 And his servants spake yet more against the Lord God, and against his servant Hezekiah.

17 He wrote also letters to rail on the Lord God of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, As the gods of the nations of other lands have not delivered their people out of mine hand, so shall not the God of Hezekiah deliver his people out of mine hand.

18 Then they cried with a loud voice in the Jews' speech unto the people of Jerusalem that were on the wall, to affright them, and to trouble them; that they might take the city.

19 And they spake against the God of Jerusalem, as against the gods of the people of the earth, which were the work of the hands of man.

20 And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven.

21 And the Lord sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. And when he was come into the house of his god, they that came forth of his own bowels slew him there with the sword.

22 Thus the Lord saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria, and from the hand of all other, and guided them on every side.

23 And many brought gifts unto the Lord to Jerusalem, and presents to Hezekiah king of Judah: so that he was magnified in the sight of all nations from thenceforth.

24 In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death, and prayed unto the Lord: and he spake unto him, and he gave him a sign.

25 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem.

26 Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the Lord came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.

27 And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches and honour: and he made himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of pleasant jewels;

28 Storehouses also for the increase of corn, and wine, and oil; and stalls for all manner of beasts, and cotes for flocks.

29 Moreover he provided him cities, and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance: for God had given him substance very much.

30 This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.

31 Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart.

32 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.

33 And Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.

33 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:

But did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, like unto the abominations of the heathen, whom the Lord had cast out before the children of Israel.

For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, and made groves, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.

Also he built altars in the house of the Lord, whereof the Lord had said, In Jerusalem shall my name be for ever.

And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the Lord.

And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger.

And he set a carved image, the idol which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:

Neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from out of the land which I have appointed for your fathers; so that they will take heed to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the hand of Moses.

So Manasseh made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than the heathen, whom the Lord had destroyed before the children of Israel.

10 And the Lord spake to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not hearken.

11 Wherefore the Lord brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.

12 And when he was in affliction, he besought the Lord his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,

13 And prayed unto him: and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the Lord he was God.

Romans 15:23-16:9

Paul’s Plan to Visit Rome

23 But now that there is no more place for me to work in these regions, and since I have been longing for many years to visit you,Ac 19:21; Ro 1:10, 1124 I plan to do so when I go to Spain.ver 28 I hope to see you while passing through and to have you assist1Co 16:6; Tit 3:13 me on my journey there, after I have enjoyed your company for a while.25 Now, however, I am on my way to JerusalemS Ac 19:21 in the serviceS Ac 24:17 of the Lord’s peopleS Ac 9:13 there.26 For MacedoniaS Ac 16:9 and AchaiaS Ac 18:12 were pleased to make a contribution for the poor among the Lord’s people in Jerusalem.S Ac 24:1727 They were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have shared in the Jews’ spiritual blessings, they owe it to the Jews to share with them their material blessings.1Co 9:1128 So after I have completed this task and have made sure that they have received this contribution, I will go to Spainver 24 and visit you on the way.29 I know that when I come to you,Ro 1:10, 11 I will come in the full measure of the blessing of Christ.

30 I urge you, brothers and sisters, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit,Gal 5:22; Col 1:8 to join me in my struggle by praying to God for me.2Co 1:11; Col 4:1231 Pray that I may be kept safe2Co 1:10; 2Th 3:2; 2Ti 3:11; 2Pe 2:9 from the unbelievers in Judea and that the contributionver 25; S Ac 24:17 I take to Jerusalem may be favorably received by the Lord’s peopleS Ac 9:13 there,32 so that I may come to youRo 1:10, 13 with joy, by God’s will,S Ac 18:21 and in your company be refreshed.1Co 16:18; Phm 733 The God of peaceRo 16:20; 2Co 13:11; Php 4:9; 1Th 5:23; 2Th 3:16; Heb 13:20 be with you all. Amen.

Personal Greetings

16 I commendS 2Co 3:1 to you our sister Phoebe, a deaconOr servantThe word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. 1:1 and 1 Tim. 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae.Ac 18:18I ask you to receive her in the LordPhp 2:29 in a way worthy of his peopleS Ac 9:13 and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me.

Greet PriscillaGreek Prisca, a variant of Priscilla and Aquila,S Ac 18:2 my co-workersS Php 2:25 in Christ Jesus.ver 7, 9, 10; Ro 8:1, 39; 1Co 1:30; 2Co 5:17; Gal 1:22; 5:6; Eph 1:13They risked their lives for me. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them.

Greet also the church that meets at their house.1Co 16:19; Col 4:15; Phm 2

Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert1Co 16:15 to Christ in the province of Asia.S Ac 2:9

Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you.

Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jewsver 11, 21 who have been in prison with me.Col 4:10; Phm 23 They are outstanding amongOr are esteemed by the apostles, and they were in ChristS ver 3 before I was.

Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord.

Greet Urbanus, our co-worker in Christ,S ver 3 and my dear friend Stachys.

Paul’s Travel Plans

23 But now I have finished my work in these regions, and after all these long years of waiting, I am eager to visit you.24 I am planning to go to Spain, and when I do, I will stop off in Rome. And after I have enjoyed your fellowship for a little while, you can provide for my journey.

25 But before I come, I must go to Jerusalem to take a gift to the believersGreek God’s holy people; also in 15:26, 31. there.26 For you see, the believers in Macedonia and AchaiaMacedonia and Achaia were the northern and southern regions of Greece. have eagerly taken up an offering for the poor among the believers in Jerusalem.27 They were glad to do this because they feel they owe a real debt to them. Since the Gentiles received the spiritual blessings of the Good News from the believers in Jerusalem, they feel the least they can do in return is to help them financially.28 As soon as I have delivered this money and completed this good deed of theirs, I will come to see you on my way to Spain.29 And I am sure that when I come, Christ will richly bless our time together.

30 Dear brothers and sisters, I urge you in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to join in my struggle by praying to God for me. Do this because of your love for me, given to you by the Holy Spirit.31 Pray that I will be rescued from those in Judea who refuse to obey God. Pray also that the believers there will be willing to accept the donationGreek the ministry; other manuscripts read the gift. I am taking to Jerusalem.32 Then, by the will of God, I will be able to come to you with a joyful heart, and we will be an encouragement to each other.

33 And now may God, who gives us his peace, be with you all. Amen.Some manuscripts do not include Amen. One very early manuscript places 16:25-27 here.

Paul Greets His Friends

16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea.Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me.

Give my greetings to Priscilla and Aquila, my co-workers in the ministry of Christ Jesus.In fact, they once risked their lives for me. I am thankful to them, and so are all the Gentile churches.Also give my greetings to the church that meets in their home.

Greet my dear friend Epenetus. He was the first person from the province of Asia to become a follower of Christ.Give my greetings to Mary, who has worked so hard for your benefit.Greet Andronicus and Junia,Junia is a feminine name. Some late manuscripts accent the word so it reads Junias, a masculine name; still others read Julia (feminine). my fellow Jews,Or compatriots; also in 16:21. who were in prison with me. They are highly respected among the apostles and became followers of Christ before I did.Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord.Greet Urbanus, our co-worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys.

23 But now having no more place in these parts, and having a great desire these many years to come unto you;

24 Whensoever I take my journey into Spain, I will come to you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first I be somewhat filled with your company.

25 But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints.

26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem.

27 It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.

28 When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain.

29 And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.

30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me;

31 That I may be delivered from them that do not believe in Judaea; and that my service which I have for Jerusalem may be accepted of the saints;

32 That I may come unto you with joy by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed.

33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

16 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:

That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.

Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:

Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.

Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my well-beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ.

Greet Mary, who bestowed much labour on us.

Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.

Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord.

Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.

Psalm 25:16-22

16 Turn to meS Ps 6:4 and be gracious to me,S Nu 6:25

for I am lonelyPs 68:6 and afflicted.

17 Relieve the troubles1Ki 1:29; Ps 34:6, 17; 40:12; 54:7; 116:3 of my heart

and free me from my anguish.Ps 6:3; 39:2

18 Look on my afflictionS Ps 13:3; Ro 12:12 and my distressS 2Sa 16:12

and take away all my sins.Ps 103:3

19 See how numerous are my enemiesPs 3:1; 9:13

and how fiercely they hate me!Ps 35:19; 38:19; 69:4

20 Guard my lifePs 86:2 and rescue me;Ps 17:13; 22:21; 43:1; 71:2; 116:4; 140:1; 142:6; 144:11

do not let me be put to shame,ver 3

for I take refugePs 2:12 in you.

21 May integrityS Ge 20:5; Pr 10:9 and uprightness1Ki 9:4; Ps 85:10; 111:8; Isa 60:17; Mal 2:6 protect me,

because my hope, Lord,Septuagint; Hebrew does not have Lord. is in you.ver 3

22 Deliver Israel,Ps 130:8; Lk 24:21 O God,

from all their troubles!

16 Turn to me and have mercy,

for I am alone and in deep distress.

17 My problems go from bad to worse.

Oh, save me from them all!

18 Feel my pain and see my trouble.

Forgive all my sins.

19 See how many enemies I have

and how viciously they hate me!

20 Protect me! Rescue my life from them!

Do not let me be disgraced, for in you I take refuge.

21 May integrity and honesty protect me,

for I put my hope in you.

22 O God, ransom Israel

from all its troubles.

16 Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me; for I am desolate and afflicted.

17 The troubles of my heart are enlarged: O bring thou me out of my distresses.

18 Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins.

19 Consider mine enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred.

20 O keep my soul, and deliver me: let me not be ashamed; for I put my trust in thee.

21 Let integrity and uprightness preserve me; for I wait on thee.

22 Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.

Proverbs 20:16-18

16 Take the garment of one who puts up security for a stranger;

hold it in pledgeS Ex 22:26 if it is done for an outsider.Pr 27:13

17 Food gained by fraud tastes sweet,Pr 9:17

but one ends up with a mouth full of gravel.Job 20:14; La 3:16

18 Plans are established by seeking advice;

so if you wage war, obtain guidance.Pr 11:14; 24:6

16 Get security from someone who guarantees a stranger’s debt.

Get a deposit if he does it for foreigners.An alternate reading in the Masoretic Text is for a promiscuous woman.

17 Stolen bread tastes sweet,

but it turns to gravel in the mouth.

18 Plans succeed through good counsel;

don’t go to war without wise advice.

16 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.

17 Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.

18 Every purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.

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