Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

That is Satan's motto: "a different Jesus . . . a different Spirit . . . a different gospel"! He disguises himself as "an angel of light" (2 Corinthians 11:14), putting on a religious and holy front while attempting to deceive us.

Paul warned the Corinthians about the subtlety of the one who came to Eve with a slight twist to the commandment of God. Satan tries to take the focus off the cross, the person of Jesus, the reality of sin, the need for repentance, and the certainty of hell. He tries instead to bring us another gospel, one that focuses on man's goodness, the equality of all religions, the nonessentiality of the blood of Jesus, and the ridiculousness of an eternal hell. All these variations of the Gospel sound good to the natural mind, but Paul recognized them as Satan's disguise for the true Gospel (2 Corinthians 11:13-15).

Isaiah said, "Destruction is certain for those who say that evil is good and good is evil; that dark is light and light is dark; that bitter is sweet and sweet is bitter" (Isaiah 5:20). Satan can call it what he likes, but sin is sin, God is pure, and hell is forever!

Stay simple in your sincere and pure devotion to the real Jesus.

Isaiah 3:1-5:30

Judgment on Jerusalem and Judah

See now, the Lord,

the Lord Almighty,

is about to take from Jerusalem and Judah

both supply and support:S Ps 18:18

all supplies of foodS Lev 26:26; Am 4:6 and all supplies of water,Isa 5:13; 65:13; Eze 4:16

the hero and the warrior,Eze 17:13

the judge and the prophet,

the divinerDt 18:10 and the elder,Isa 9:14-15

the captain of fiftyS 2Ki 1:9 and the man of rank,S Job 22:8

the counselor, skilled craftsman2Ki 24:14 and clever enchanter.S Ecc 10:11; Jer 8:17

“I will make mere youths their officials;

children will rule over them.”ver 12; Ecc 10:16 fn

People will oppress each other—

man against man, neighbor against neighbor.Ps 28:3; Isa 9:19; Jer 9:8; Mic 7:2, 6

The young will rise up against the old,

the nobody against the honored.

A man will seize one of his brothers

in his father’s house, and say,

“You have a cloak, you be our leader;

take charge of this heap of ruins!”

But in that dayS Isa 2:11 he will cry out,

“I have no remedy.Jer 30:12; Eze 34:4; Hos 5:13

I have no foodJoel 1:16 or clothing in my house;

do not make me the leader of the people.”Isa 24:2

Jerusalem staggers,

Judah is falling;Isa 1:7

their wordsIsa 9:15, 17; 28:15; 30:9; 59:3, 13 and deeds2Ch 33:6 are against the Lord,

defyingS Job 1:11; Ps 73:9, 11; Isa 65:7 his glorious presence.

The look on their faces testifiesNu 32:23; Isa 59:12; Jer 14:7; Hos 5:5 against them;

they parade their sin like Sodom;S Ge 13:13

they do not hide it.

Woe to them!

They have brought disasterS 2Ch 34:24; S Pr 8:36; Ro 6:23 upon themselves.

10 Tell the righteous it will be wellS Dt 5:33; S 12:28; 28:1-14; Ps 37:17; Jer 22:15 with them,

for they will enjoy the fruit of their deeds.S Ge 15:1; S Ps 128:2

11 Woe to the wicked!S Job 9:13; Isa 57:20

DisasterDt 28:15-68 is upon them!

They will be paid backS 2Ch 6:23

for what their hands have done.Jer 21:14; La 5:16; Eze 24:14

12 YouthsS ver 4 oppress my people,

women rule over them.

My people, your guides lead you astray;Isa 9:16; 19:14; 28:7; 29:9; Jer 23:13; 25:16; Mic 3:5

they turn you from the path.

13 The Lord takes his place in court;S Job 10:2

he rises to judgeS Ps 82:1; S Isa 2:4 the people.

14 The Lord enters into judgmentS 1Sa 12:7; S Job 22:4

against the elders and leaders of his people:

“It is you who have ruined my vineyard;

the plunderS Job 24:9; Jas 2:6 from the poorIsa 11:4; 25:4 is in your houses.

15 What do you mean by crushing my peopleS Ps 94:5

and grindingS Job 24:14 the faces of the poor?”Isa 10:6; 11:4; 26:6; 29:19; 32:6; 51:23

declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty.Isa 5:7

16 The Lord says,

“The women of ZionS SS 3:11 are haughty,

walking along with outstretched necks,S Job 15:25

flirting with their eyes,

strutting along with swaying hips,

with ornaments jingling on their ankles.

17 Therefore the Lord will bring sores on the heads of the women of Zion;

the Lord will make their scalps bald.ver 24; Eze 27:31; Am 8:10

18 In that dayS Isa 2:11 the Lord will snatch away their finery: the bangles and headbands and crescent necklaces,Ge 41:42; S Jdg 8:2119 the earrings and braceletsS Ge 24:47 and veils,Eze 16:11-1220 the headdressesEx 39:28; Eze 24:17, 23; 44:18 and anklets and sashes, the perfume bottles and charms,21 the signet rings and nose rings,S Ge 24:2222 the fine robes and the capes and cloaks,Ru 3:15 the purses23 and mirrors, and the linen garmentsEze 16:10; 23:26 and tiarasS Ex 29:6; SS 3:11; Isa 61:3; 62:3 and shawls.

24 Instead of fragranceS Est 2:12 there will be a stench;Isa 4:4

instead of a sash,Pr 31:24 a rope;

instead of well-dressed hair, baldness;S ver 17; S Lev 13:40; S Job 1:20

instead of fine clothing, sackcloth;S Ge 37:34; Job 16:15; Isa 20:2; Jer 4:8; La 2:10; Eze 27:30-31; Jnh 3:5-8

instead of beauty,1Pe 3:3 branding.S 2Sa 10:4; Isa 20:4

25 Your men will fall by the sword,S Isa 1:20

your warriors in battle.Jer 15:8

26 The gatesIsa 14:31; 24:12; 45:2 of Zion will lament and mourn;S Ps 137:1; Isa 24:4, 7; 29:2; 33:9; Jer 4:28; 14:2

destitute,S Lev 26:31 she will sit on the ground.S Job 2:13; La 4:5

In that dayS Isa 2:11 seven women

will take hold of one manIsa 13:12; 32:9

and say, “We will eat our own food2Th 3:12

and provide our own clothes;

only let us be called by your name.

Take away our disgrace!”S Ge 30:23

The Branch of the Lord

In that dayS Isa 2:11 the Branch of the LordIsa 11:1-5; 52:13; 53:2; Jer 23:5-6; 33:15-16; Eze 17:22; Zec 3:8; 6:12 will be beautifulIsa 33:17; 53:2 and glorious, and the fruitS Ps 72:16; Eze 36:8 of the land will be the pride and gloryIsa 60:15; Eze 34:29 of the survivorsS Isa 1:9 in Israel.Those who are left in Zion,S Isa 1:26 who remainIsa 1:9; Ro 11:5 in Jerusalem, will be called holy,S Ex 19:6; Isa 26:2; 45:25; 52:1; 60:21; Joel 3:17; Ob 1:17; Zep 3:13 all who are recordedS Ps 56:8; S 87:6; S Lk 10:20 among the living in Jerusalem.The Lord will wash away the filthIsa 3:24 of the women of Zion;S SS 3:11 he will cleanseS Ps 51:2 the bloodstainsS Isa 1:15 from Jerusalem by a spiritOr the Spirit of judgmentIsa 28:6 and a spiritOr the Spirit of fire.S Isa 1:31; S 30:30; S Zec 13:9; Mt 3:11; Lk 3:17Then the Lord will createIsa 41:20; 65:18 over all of Mount ZionRev 14:1 and over those who assemble there a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night;S Ex 13:21 over everything the gloryOr over all the glory thereIsa 35:2; 58:8; 60:1 will be a canopy.S Ps 18:11; Rev 7:15It will be a shelterLev 23:34-43; Ps 27:5; Isa 8:14; 25:4; Eze 11:16 and shade from the heat of the day, and a refugeIsa 14:32; 25:4; 30:2; 57:13 and hiding place from the stormS Ps 55:8 and rain.

The Song of the Vineyard

I will sing for the one I love

a song about his vineyard:Ps 80:8-9; Isa 27:2; Jn 15:1

My loved one had a vineyard

on a fertile hillside.

He dug it up and cleared it of stones

and planted it with the choicest vines.S Ex 15:17; Isa 16:8

He built a watchtower1Sa 2:9; Isa 27:3; 31:5; 49:8; Mt 21:33 in it

and cut out a winepressS Job 24:11 as well.

Then he looked for a crop of good grapes,

but it yielded only bad fruit.Mt 21:19; Mk 11:13; Lk 13:6

“Now you dwellers in Jerusalem and people of Judah,

judge between me and my vineyard.Mt 21:40

What more could have been done for my vineyard

than I have done for it?S 2Ch 36:15; Jer 2:5-7; Mic 6:3-4; Mt 23:37

When I looked for good grapes,

why did it yield only bad?Jer 2:21; 24:2; 29:17

Now I will tell you

what I am going to do to my vineyard:

I will take away its hedge,

and it will be destroyed;2Ch 36:21; Isa 6:12; 27:10

I will break down its wall,S Ps 80:12; S Isa 22:5

and it will be trampled.Isa 10:6; 26:6; 28:3, 18; 41:25; 63:3; Jer 12:10; 34:22; La 1:15; Hos 2:12; Mic 7:10; Mal 4:3; S Lk 21:24

I will make it a wasteland,S Ge 6:13; S Lev 26:32; Isa 6:13; 49:17, 19; 51:3; Joel 1:10

neither pruned nor cultivated,

and briers and thornsver 10, 17; S 2Sa 23:6; Isa 7:23, 24; 32:13; 34:13; 55:13; Eze 28:24; Hos 2:12; Heb 6:8 will grow there.

I will command the clouds

not to rainS Dt 28:24; S 2Sa 1:21; Am 4:7 on it.”

The vineyardPs 80:8; Isa 17:10; 18:5; 37:30 of the Lord Almighty

is the nation of Israel,

and the people of Judah

are the vines he delighted in.

And he looked for justice,Isa 10:2; 29:21; 32:7; 59:15; 61:8; Eze 9:9; 22:29 but saw bloodshed;

for righteousness,S Isa 1:21 but heard cries of distress.S Ps 12:5

Woes and Judgments

Woever 11, 18, 20; Isa 6:5; 10:1; 24:16; Jer 22:13 to you who add house to house

and join field to fieldJob 20:19; Mic 2:2; Hab 2:9-12

till no space is left

and you live alone in the land.

The Lord AlmightyJer 44:11 has declared in my hearing:Isa 22:14

“Surely the great houses will become desolate,Isa 6:11-12; Mt 23:38

the fine mansions left without occupants.

10 A ten-acre vineyard will produce only a bathThat is, about 6 gallons or about 22 liters of wine;

a homerThat is, probably about 360 pounds or about 160 kilograms of seed will yield only an ephahThat is, probably about 36 pounds or about 16 kilograms of grain.”S ver 6; Lev 26:26; S Dt 28:38; Zec 8:10

11 WoeS ver 8 to those who rise early in the morning

to run after their drinks,

who stay up late at night

till they are inflamed with wine.S 1Sa 25:36; S Pr 23:29-30

12 They have harps and lyres at their banquets,

pipesS Job 21:12 and timbrelsPs 68:25; Isa 24:8 and wine,

but they have no regardS 1Sa 12:24 for the deeds of the Lord,

no respect for the work of his hands.Ps 28:5; Eze 26:13

13 Therefore my people will go into exileIsa 49:21

for lack of understanding;S Pr 10:21; S Isa 1:3; Hos 4:6

those of high rankS Job 22:8 will die of hunger

and the common people will be parched with thirst.S Isa 3:1

14 Therefore DeathS Pr 30:16 expands its jaws,

opening wide its mouth;S Nu 16:30

into it will descend their nobles and masses

with all their brawlers and revelers.Isa 22:2, 13; 23:7; 24:8

15 So people will be brought lowIsa 10:33

and everyone humbled,S Isa 2:9

the eyes of the arrogantS Isa 2:11 humbled.

16 But the Lord Almighty will be exaltedPs 97:9; Isa 33:10 by his justice,Isa 28:17; 30:18; 33:5; 61:8

and the holy God will be proved holyS Lev 10:3; Isa 29:23; Eze 36:23 by his righteous acts.

17 Then sheep will graze as in their own pasture;Isa 7:25; 17:2; 32:14; Zep 2:6, 14

lambs will feedSeptuagint; Hebrew / strangers will eat among the ruins of the rich.

18 WoeS ver 8 to those who draw sin along with cordsHos 11:4 of deceit,

and wickednessIsa 59:4-8; Jer 23:14 as with cart ropes,

19 to those who say, “Let God hurry;

let him hastenIsa 60:22 his work

so we may see it.

The plan of the Holy OneS Isa 1:4; 29:23; 30:11, 12 of Israel—

let it approach, let it come into view,

so we may know it.”Jer 17:15; Eze 12:22; 2Pe 3:4

20 WoeS ver 8 to those who call evil goodS Ge 18:25; S 1Ki 22:8

and good evil,S Ps 94:21

who put darkness for light

and light for darkness,S Job 24:13; Mt 6:22-23; Lk 11:34-35

who put bitter for sweet

and sweet for bitter.Am 5:7

21 Woe to those who are wise in their own eyesS Pr 3:7; Isa 47:10; Ro 12:16; 1Co 3:18-20

and clever in their own sight.

22 Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wineS 1Sa 25:36; S Pr 23:20; S Isa 22:13

and champions at mixing drinks,S Pr 31:4; Isa 65:11; Jer 7:18

23 who acquit the guilty for a bribe,S Ex 23:8; S Eze 22:12

but deny justicever 7; S Isa 1:17; 10:2; 29:21; 59:4, 13-15 to the innocent.S Ps 94:21; Am 5:12; Jas 5:6

24 Therefore, as tongues of fireS Isa 1:31 lick up strawIsa 47:14; Na 1:10

and as dry grass sinks down in the flames,

so their roots will decayS 2Ki 19:30; S Job 18:16

and their flowers blow away like dust;S Job 24:24; Isa 40:8

for they have rejected the law of the Lord Almighty

and spurned the wordPs 107:11; Isa 8:6; 30:9, 12 of the Holy OneJob 6:10; Isa 1:4; 10:20; 12:6 of Israel.

25 Therefore the Lord’s angerS 2Ki 22:13; S Job 40:11; Isa 10:17; 26:11; 31:9; 66:15; S Jer 6:12 burns against his people;

his hand is raised and he strikes them down.

The mountains shake,S Ex 19:18

and the dead bodiesS Ps 110:6 are like refuseS 2Ki 9:37 in the streets.S 2Sa 22:43

Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away,Jer 4:8; Da 9:16

his hand is still upraised.Isa 9:12, 17, 21; 10:4

26 He lifts up a bannerS Ps 20:5 for the distant nations,

he whistlesIsa 7:18; Zec 10:8 for those at the ends of the earth.Dt 28:49; Isa 13:5; 18:3

Here they come,

swiftly and speedily!

27 Not one of them grows tiredIsa 14:31; 40:29-31 or stumbles,

not one slumbers or sleeps;

not a beltIsa 22:21; Eze 23:15 is loosened at the waist,S Job 12:18

not a sandal strap is broken.Joel 2:7-8

28 Their arrows are sharp,S Job 39:23; Ps 45:5

all their bowsS Ps 7:12 are strung;

their horses’ hoovesEze 26:11 seem like flint,

their chariot wheels like a whirlwind.S 2Ki 2:1; S Job 1:19

29 Their roar is like that of the lion,S 2Ki 17:25; Jer 51:38; Zep 3:3; Zec 11:3

they roar like young lions;

they growl as they seizeIsa 10:6; 49:24-25 their prey

and carry it off with no one to rescue.Isa 42:22; Mic 5:8

30 In that dayS Isa 2:11 they will roar over it

like the roaring of the sea.S Ps 93:3; Jer 50:42; Lk 21:25

And if one looks at the land,

there is only darknessS 1Sa 2:9; S Job 21:30; Ps 18:28; 44:19; S 82:5 and distress;S Jdg 6:2; Isa 22:5; 33:2; Jer 4:23-28

even the sun will be darkenedIsa 13:10; 50:3; Joel 2:10 by clouds.

Judgment against Judah

The Lord, the Lord of Heaven’s Armies,

will take away from Jerusalem and Judah

everything they depend on:

every bit of bread

and every drop of water,

all their heroes and soldiers,

judges and prophets,

fortune-tellers and elders,

army officers and high officials,

advisers, skilled sorcerers, and astrologers.

I will make boys their leaders,

and toddlers their rulers.

People will oppress each other—

man against man,

neighbor against neighbor.

Young people will insult their elders,

and vulgar people will sneer at the honorable.

In those days a man will say to his brother,

“Since you have a coat, you be our leader!

Take charge of this heap of ruins!”

But he will reply,

“No! I can’t help.

I don’t have any extra food or clothes.

Don’t put me in charge!”

For Jerusalem will stumble,

and Judah will fall,

because they speak out against the Lord and refuse to obey him.

They provoke him to his face.

The very look on their faces gives them away.

They display their sin like the people of Sodom

and don’t even try to hide it.

They are doomed!

They have brought destruction upon themselves.

10 Tell the godly that all will be well for them.

They will enjoy the rich reward they have earned!

11 But the wicked are doomed,

for they will get exactly what they deserve.

12 Childish leaders oppress my people,

and women rule over them.

O my people, your leaders mislead you;

they send you down the wrong road.

13 The Lord takes his place in court

and presents his case against his people.As in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew reads against the peoples.

14 The Lord comes forward to pronounce judgment

on the elders and rulers of his people:

“You have ruined Israel, my vineyard.

Your houses are filled with things stolen from the poor.

15 How dare you crush my people,

grinding the faces of the poor into the dust?”

demands the Lord, the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.

A Warning to Jerusalem

16 The Lord says, “Beautiful ZionOr The women of Zion (with corresponding changes to plural forms through verse 24); Hebrew reads The daughters of Zion; also in 3:17. is haughty:

craning her elegant neck,

flirting with her eyes,

walking with dainty steps,

tinkling her ankle bracelets.

17 So the Lord will send scabs on her head;

the Lord will make beautiful Zion bald.”

18 On that day of judgment

the Lord will strip away everything that makes her beautiful:

ornaments, headbands, crescent necklaces,

19 earrings, bracelets, and veils;

20 scarves, ankle bracelets, sashes,

perfumes, and charms;

21 rings, jewels,

22 party clothes, gowns, capes, and purses;

23 mirrors, fine linen garments,

head ornaments, and shawls.

24 Instead of smelling of sweet perfume, she will stink.

She will wear a rope for a sash,

and her elegant hair will fall out.

She will wear rough burlap instead of rich robes.

Shame will replace her beauty.As in Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text reads robes / because instead of beauty.

25 The men of the city will be killed with the sword,

and her warriors will die in battle.

26 The gates of Zion will weep and mourn.

The city will be like a ravaged woman,

huddled on the ground.

In that day so few men will be left that seven women will fight for each man, saying, “Let us all marry you! We will provide our own food and clothing. Only let us take your name so we won’t be mocked as old maids.”

A Promise of Restoration

But in that day, the branchOr the Branch. of the Lord

will be beautiful and glorious;

the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory

of all who survive in Israel.

All who remain in Zion

will be a holy people—

those who survive the destruction of Jerusalem

and are recorded among the living.

The Lord will wash the filth from beautiful ZionOr from the women of Zion; Hebrew reads from the daughters of Zion.

and cleanse Jerusalem of its bloodstains

with the hot breath of fiery judgment.

Then the Lord will provide shade for Mount Zion

and all who assemble there.

He will provide a canopy of cloud during the day

and smoke and flaming fire at night,

covering the glorious land.

It will be a shelter from daytime heat

and a hiding place from storms and rain.

A Song about the Lord’s Vineyard

Now I will sing for the one I love

a song about his vineyard:

My beloved had a vineyard

on a rich and fertile hill.

He plowed the land, cleared its stones,

and planted it with the best vines.

In the middle he built a watchtower

and carved a winepress in the nearby rocks.

Then he waited for a harvest of sweet grapes,

but the grapes that grew were bitter.

Now, you people of Jerusalem and Judah,

you judge between me and my vineyard.

What more could I have done for my vineyard

that I have not already done?

When I expected sweet grapes,

why did my vineyard give me bitter grapes?

Now let me tell you

what I will do to my vineyard:

I will tear down its hedges

and let it be destroyed.

I will break down its walls

and let the animals trample it.

I will make it a wild place

where the vines are not pruned and the ground is not hoed,

a place overgrown with briers and thorns.

I will command the clouds

to drop no rain on it.

The nation of Israel is the vineyard of the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.

The people of Judah are his pleasant garden.

He expected a crop of justice,

but instead he found oppression.

He expected to find righteousness,

but instead he heard cries of violence.

Judah’s Guilt and Judgment

What sorrow for you who buy up house after house and field after field,

until everyone is evicted and you live alone in the land.

But I have heard the Lord of Heaven’s Armies

swear a solemn oath:

“Many houses will stand deserted;

even beautiful mansions will be empty.

10 Ten acresHebrew A ten yoke, that is, the area of land plowed by ten teams of oxen in one day. of vineyard will not produce even six gallonsHebrew a bath [21 liters]. of wine.

Ten baskets of seed will yield only one basketHebrew A homer [5 bushels or 220 liters] of seed will yield only an ephah [20 quarts or 22 liters]. of grain.”

11 What sorrow for those who get up early in the morning

looking for a drink of alcohol

and spend long evenings drinking wine

to make themselves flaming drunk.

12 They furnish wine and lovely music at their grand parties—

lyre and harp, tambourine and flute—

but they never think about the Lord

or notice what he is doing.

13 So my people will go into exile far away

because they do not know me.

Those who are great and honored will starve,

and the common people will die of thirst.

14 The graveHebrew Sheol. is licking its lips in anticipation,

opening its mouth wide.

The great and the lowly

and all the drunken mob will be swallowed up.

15 Humanity will be destroyed, and people brought down;

even the arrogant will lower their eyes in humiliation.

16 But the Lord of Heaven’s Armies will be exalted by his justice.

The holiness of God will be displayed by his righteousness.

17 In that day lambs will find good pastures,

and fattened sheep and young goatsAs in Greek version; Hebrew reads and strangers. will feed among the ruins.

18 What sorrow for those who drag their sins behind them

with ropes made of lies,

who drag wickedness behind them like a cart!

19 They even mock God and say,

“Hurry up and do something!

We want to see what you can do.

Let the Holy One of Israel carry out his plan,

for we want to know what it is.”

20 What sorrow for those who say

that evil is good and good is evil,

that dark is light and light is dark,

that bitter is sweet and sweet is bitter.

21 What sorrow for those who are wise in their own eyes

and think themselves so clever.

22 What sorrow for those who are heroes at drinking wine

and boast about all the alcohol they can hold.

23 They take bribes to let the wicked go free,

and they punish the innocent.

24 Therefore, just as fire licks up stubble

and dry grass shrivels in the flame,

so their roots will rot

and their flowers wither.

For they have rejected the law of the Lord of Heaven’s Armies;

they have despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

25 That is why the Lord’s anger burns against his people,

and why he has raised his fist to crush them.

The mountains tremble,

and the corpses of his people litter the streets like garbage.

But even then the Lord’s anger is not satisfied.

His fist is still poised to strike!

26 He will send a signal to distant nations far away

and whistle to those at the ends of the earth.

They will come racing toward Jerusalem.

27 They will not get tired or stumble.

They will not stop for rest or sleep.

Not a belt will be loose,

not a sandal strap broken.

28 Their arrows will be sharp

and their bows ready for battle.

Sparks will fly from their horses’ hooves,

and the wheels of their chariots will spin like a whirlwind.

29 They will roar like lions,

like the strongest of lions.

Growling, they will pounce on their victims and carry them off,

and no one will be there to rescue them.

30 They will roar over their victims on that day of destruction

like the roaring of the sea.

If someone looks across the land,

only darkness and distress will be seen;

even the light will be darkened by clouds.

For, behold, the Lord, the Lord of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water.

The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.

And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them.

And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable.

When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand:

In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.

For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the Lord, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.

10 Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.

11 Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.

12 As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.

13 The Lord standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people.

14 The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses.

15 What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord God of hosts.

16 Moreover the Lord saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:

17 Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the Lord will discover their secret parts.

18 In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon,

19 The chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers,

20 The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs, and the headbands, and the tablets, and the earrings,

21 The rings, and nose jewels,

22 The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping pins,

23 The glasses, and the fine linen, and the hoods, and the vails.

24 And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.

25 Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy mighty in the war.

26 And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground.

And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.

In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.

And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem:

When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.

And the Lord will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.

And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the day time from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.

Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:

And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.

And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.

What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?

And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:

And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.

For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!

In mine ears said the Lord of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant.

10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!

12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of his hands.

13 Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because they have no knowledge: and their honourable men are famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst.

14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

15 And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled:

16 But the Lord of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness.

17 Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope:

19 That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it!

20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

21 Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!

22 Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:

23 Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!

24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the Lord of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

25 Therefore is the anger of the Lord kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases were torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

26 And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly:

27 None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:

28 Whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:

29 Their roaring shall be like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry it away safe, and none shall deliver it.

30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, behold darkness and sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.

2 Corinthians 11:1-15

Paul and the False Apostles

11 I hope you will put up withver 4, 19, 20; Mt 17:17 me in a little foolishness.ver 16, 17, 21; 2Co 5:13 Yes, please put up with me!I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy. I promised you to one husband,Hos 2:19; Eph 5:26, 27 to Christ, so that I might present youS 2Co 4:14 as a pure virgin to him.But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent’s cunning,Ge 3:1-6, 13; 1Ti 2:14; Rev 12:9 your minds may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Christ.For if someone comes to you and preaches a Jesus other than the Jesus we preached,1Co 3:11 or if you receive a different spiritRo 8:15 from the Spirit you received, or a different gospelGal 1:6-9 from the one you accepted, you put up with itS ver 1 easily enough.

I do not think I am in the least inferior to those “super-apostles.”Or to the most eminent apostles2Co 12:11; Gal 2:6I may indeed be untrained as a speaker,S 1Co 1:17 but I do have knowledge.S 2Co 8:7; Eph 3:4 We have made this perfectly clear to you in every way.Was it a sin2Co 12:13 for me to lower myself in order to elevate you by preaching the gospel of GodS Ro 1:1 to you free of charge?1Co 9:18I robbed other churches by receiving support from themPhp 4:15, 18 so as to serve you.And when I was with you and needed something, I was not a burden to anyone, for the brothers who came from Macedonia supplied what I needed.Php 4:15, 18 I have kept myself from being a burden to you2Co 12:13, 14, 16 in any way, and will continue to do so.10 As surely as the truth of Christ is in me,S Ro 9:1 nobody in the regions of AchaiaS Ac 18:12 will stop this boasting1Co 9:15 of mine.11 Why? Because I do not love you? God knowsver 31; S Ro 1:9 I do!2Co 12:15

12 And I will keep on doing what I am doing in order to cut the ground from under those who want an opportunity to be considered equal with us in the things they boast about.13 For such people are false apostles,S Mt 7:15 deceitfulTit 1:10 workers, masquerading as apostles of Christ.Rev 2:214 And no wonder, for SatanS Mt 4:10 himself masquerades as an angel of light.15 It is not surprising, then, if his servants also masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve.S Mt 16:27; Php 3:19

Paul and the False Apostles

11 I hope you will put up with a little more of my foolishness. Please bear with me.For I am jealous for you with the jealousy of God himself. I promised you as a pure brideGreek a virgin. to one husband—Christ.But I fear that somehow your pure and undivided devotion to Christ will be corrupted, just as Eve was deceived by the cunning ways of the serpent.You happily put up with whatever anyone tells you, even if they preach a different Jesus than the one we preach, or a different kind of Spirit than the one you received, or a different kind of gospel than the one you believed.

But I don’t consider myself inferior in any way to these “super apostles” who teach such things.I may be unskilled as a speaker, but I’m not lacking in knowledge. We have made this clear to you in every possible way.

Was I wrong when I humbled myself and honored you by preaching God’s Good News to you without expecting anything in return?I “robbed” other churches by accepting their contributions so I could serve you at no cost.And when I was with you and didn’t have enough to live on, I did not become a financial burden to anyone. For the brothers who came from Macedonia brought me all that I needed. I have never been a burden to you, and I never will be.10 As surely as the truth of Christ is in me, no one in all of GreeceGreek Achaia, the southern region of the Greek peninsula. will ever stop me from boasting about this.11 Why? Because I don’t love you? God knows that I do.

12 But I will continue doing what I have always done. This will undercut those who are looking for an opportunity to boast that their work is just like ours.13 These people are false apostles. They are deceitful workers who disguise themselves as apostles of Christ.14 But I am not surprised! Even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.15 So it is no wonder that his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness. In the end they will get the punishment their wicked deeds deserve.

11 Would to God ye could bear with me a little in my folly: and indeed bear with me.

For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.

But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.

For I suppose I was not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.

But though I be rude in speech, yet not in knowledge; but we have been throughly made manifest among you in all things.

Have I committed an offence in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I have preached to you the gospel of God freely?

I robbed other churches, taking wages of them, to do you service.

And when I was present with you, and wanted, I was chargeable to no man: for that which was lacking to me the brethren which came from Macedonia supplied: and in all things I have kept myself from being burdensome unto you, and so will I keep myself.

10 As the truth of Christ is in me, no man shall stop me of this boasting in the regions of Achaia.

11 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth.

12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them which desire occasion; that wherein they glory, they may be found even as we.

13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ.

14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.

Psalm 53:1-6

Psalm 53In Hebrew texts 53:1-6 is numbered 53:2-7.53:1-6pp — Ps 14:1-7

For the director of music. According to mahalath.Title: Probably a musical term A maskilTitle: Probably a literary or musical term of David.

The foolPs 74:22; 107:17; Pr 10:23 says in his heart,

“There is no God.”Ps 10:4

They are corrupt, and their ways are vile;

there is no one who does good.

God looks down from heavenS Ps 33:13

on all mankind

to see if there are any who understand,Ps 82:5; Jer 4:22; 8:8

any who seek God.2Ch 15:2

Everyone has turned away, all have become corrupt;

there is no one who does good,

not even one.Ro 3:10-12*

Do all these evildoers know nothing?

They devour my people as though eating bread;

they never call on God.

But there they are, overwhelmed with dread,

where there was nothing to dread.S Lev 26:17

God scattered the bones2Ki 23:14; Ps 141:7; Jer 8:1; Eze 6:5 of those who attacked you;2Ki 17:20

you put them to shame,S Job 8:22 for God despised them.Jer 6:30; 14:19; La 5:22

Oh, that salvation for Israel would come out of Zion!

When God restores his people,

let Jacob rejoice and Israel be glad!

Psalm 53

For the choir director: A meditation; a psalmHebrew According to mahalath; a maskil. These may be literary or musical terms. of David.

Only fools say in their hearts,

“There is no God.”

They are corrupt, and their actions are evil;

not one of them does good!

God looks down from heaven

on the entire human race;

he looks to see if anyone is truly wise,

if anyone seeks God.

But no, all have turned away;

all have become corrupt.Greek version reads have become useless. Compare Rom 3:12.

No one does good,

not a single one!

Will those who do evil never learn?

They eat up my people like bread

and wouldn’t think of praying to God.

Terror will grip them,

terror like they have never known before.

God will scatter the bones of your enemies.

You will put them to shame, for God has rejected them.

Who will come from Mount Zion to rescue Israel?

When God restores his people,

Jacob will shout with joy, and Israel will rejoice.

53 The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good.

God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, that did seek God.

Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread: they have not called upon God.

There were they in great fear, where no fear was: for God hath scattered the bones of him that encampeth against thee: thou hast put them to shame, because God hath despised them.

Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! When God bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.

Proverbs 22:28-29

Saying 5

28 Do not move an ancient boundary stoneS Dt 19:14

set up by your ancestors.

Saying 6

29 Do you see someone skilledS 1Ki 11:28 in their work?

They will serveS Ge 41:46 before kings;S Ge 39:4

they will not serve before officials of low rank.

28 Don’t cheat your neighbor by moving the ancient boundary markers

set up by previous generations.

29 Do you see any truly competent workers?

They will serve kings

rather than working for ordinary people.

28 Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set.

29 Seest thou a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.

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