One Year Bible

September 18, 2014

DevotionalDevotionalDV Isaiah 28:14-30:11Old TestamentOT Galatians 3:23-4:31New TestamentNT Psalm 62:1-12PsalmPS Proverbs 23:19-21ProverbsPR All

Daily Devotional

by Larry Stockstill

How easy it is to become entrapped by the natural way of thinking and to craft ways of doing things that completely leave out the Holy Spirit! Egypt looked very enticing to those who were desperate for help, but God told them that trusting in Egypt's pharaoh for protection would only bring them humiliation and disgrace (Isaiah 30:3). The Holy Spirit has a better plan for you than to take you by way of Egypt!

Following the Spirit carries a price: "And we who are born of the Holy Spirit are persecuted by those who want us to keep the law, just as Isaac, the child of promise, was persecuted by Ishmael, the son of the slave-wife" (Galatians 4:29). It will be the same for you if you refuse the world's way of thinking. If you don't solve your problems the "normal way"-the way the world or religion tells you to-you will be persecuted.

God's ways are not your ways. Before you plow into a crisis armed only with worldly advice, it would profit you to wait on the Holy Spirit for His direction. "I wait quietly before God, for my salvation comes from him" (Psalm 62:1).

Egypt may look tempting, but put your hope in God alone!

Isaiah 28:14-30:11

14 Therefore hear the word of the Lord,Isa 1:10 you scoffers2Ch 36:16

who rule this people in Jerusalem.

15 You boast, “We have entered into a covenant with death,S Job 5:23; Isa 8:19

with the realm of the dead we have made an agreement.

When an overwhelming scourge sweeps by,ver 2, 18; Isa 8:7-8; 10:26; 29:6; 30:28; Da 11:22

it cannot touch us,

for we have made a lieS Isa 9:15 our refuge

and falsehoodOr false gods our hiding place.S Jdg 9:35; Isa 29:15; Jer 23:24

16 So this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“See, I lay a stone in Zion,S Isa 14:32 a tested stone,Ps 118:22; Isa 8:14-15; Da 2:34-35, 45; Zec 12:3; S Ac 4:11

a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation;Jer 51:26; 1Co 3:11; 2Ti 2:19

the one who relies on it

will never be stricken with panic.Isa 29:22; 45:17; 50:7; 54:4; Ro 9:33*; 10:11*; 1Pe 2:6*

17 I will make justiceS Ps 11:7; S Isa 5:16 the measuring line

and righteousness the plumb line;S 2Ki 21:13

hailS Jos 10:11 will sweep away your refuge, the lie,

and water will overflowS Isa 8:7 your hiding place.

18 Your covenant with death will be annulled;

your agreement with the realm of the dead will not stand.S Isa 7:7

When the overwhelming scourge sweeps by,S ver 15

you will be beaten downS Isa 5:5; 63:18; Da 8:13 by it.

19 As often as it comes it will carry you away;2Ki 24:2

morning after morning,S Ps 5:3 by day and by night,

it will sweep through.”

The understanding of this message

will bring sheer terror.S Job 18:11

20 The bed is too short to stretch out on,

the blanket too narrow to wrap around you.Isa 59:6

21 The Lord will rise up as he did at Mount Perazim,S Ge 38:29; S 1Ch 14:11

he will rouse himself as in the Valley of GibeonS Jos 9:3

to do his work,Isa 10:12; 65:7; Lk 19:41-44 his strange work,

and perform his task, his alien task.

22 Now stop your mocking,S 2Ch 36:16; Jer 29:18; La 2:15; Zep 2:15

or your chains will become heavier;

the Lord, the Lord Almighty, has told me

of the destruction decreedS Isa 10:22 against the whole land.S Isa 10:23

23 ListenIsa 32:9 and hear my voice;

pay attention and hear what I say.

24 When a farmer plows for planting,Ecc 3:2 does he plow continually?

Does he keep on breaking up and working the soil?

25 When he has leveled the surface,

does he not sow caraway and scatter cumin?Mt 23:23

Does he not plant wheat in its place,The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

barleyS Ex 9:31 in its plot,The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

and speltEx 9:32; Eze 4:9 in its field?

26 His God instructs him

and teachesS Ps 94:10 him the right way.

27 Caraway is not threshedS Isa 21:10 with a sledge,S Job 41:30

nor is the wheel of a cart rolled over cumin;

caraway is beaten out with a rod,Isa 10:5

and cumin with a stick.

28 Grain must be ground to make bread;

so one does not go on threshing it forever.

The wheels of a threshing cartS Isa 21:10 may be rolled over it,

but one does not use horses to grind grain.

29 All this also comes from the Lord Almighty,

whose plan is wonderful,S Isa 9:6

whose wisdom is magnificent.S Ps 92:5; Ro 11:33

Woe to David’s City

29 WoeIsa 22:12-13; S 28:1 to you, Ariel, Ariel,ver 2, 7

the cityS 2Sa 5:7 where David settled!

Add year to year

and let your cycle of festivalsS Isa 1:14 go on.

Yet I will besiege Ariel;S ver 1

she will mourn and lament,S Isa 3:26; La 2:5

she will be to me like an altar hearth.The Hebrew for altar hearth sounds like the Hebrew for Ariel.Eze 43:15

I will encamp against you on all sides;

I will encircleLk 19:43-44 you with towers

and set up my siege worksS 2Ki 25:1 against you.

Brought low, you will speak from the ground;

your speech will mumbleIsa 8:19 out of the dust.Isa 47:1; 52:2

Your voice will come ghostlikeS Lev 19:31 from the earth;

out of the dust your speech will whisper.Isa 26:16

But your many enemies will become like fine dust,S Dt 9:21; Ps 78:39; 103:15; S Isa 2:22; 37:27; 40:6; 51:12

the ruthlessS Isa 13:11 hordes like blown chaff.S Isa 17:13

Suddenly,S Ps 55:15; S Isa 17:14; 1Th 5:3 in an instant,

the Lord Almighty will comeS Isa 26:21; Zec 14:1-5

with thunderS Ex 19:16 and earthquakeMt 24:7; Mk 13:8; Lk 21:11; S Rev 6:12; 11:19 and great noise,

with windstorm and tempestS Ps 50:3; S 55:8; S Isa 28:15 and flames of a devouring fire.S Lev 10:2; Ps 83:13-15

Then the hordes of all the nationsMic 4:11-12; Zec 12:9 that fight against Ariel,S ver 1

that attack her and her fortress and besiege her,

will be as it is with a dream,S Job 20:8

with a vision in the night—

as when a hungry person dreams of eating,

but awakensS Ps 73:20 hungry still;

as when a thirsty person dreams of drinking,

but awakens faint and thirsty still.ver 5, 7; Isa 41:11, 15; Jer 30:16; Zec 12:3

So will it be with the hordes of all the nations

that fight against Mount Zion.Isa 17:12-14; 54:17

Be stunned and amazed,ver 14; Jer 4:9; Hab 1:5

blind yourselves and be sightless;S Isa 6:10

be drunk,Isa 51:17; 63:6; Jer 13:13; 25:27 but not from wine,S Lev 10:9; Isa 28:1; 51:21-22

stagger,S Ps 60:3; S Isa 3:12 but not from beer.

10 The Lord has brought over you a deep sleep:S Jdg 4:21; Jnh 1:5

He has sealed your eyesPs 69:23; S Isa 6:9-10; 44:18; Ro 11:8*; 2Th 2:9-11 (the prophets);Mic 3:6

he has covered your heads (the seers).S 1Sa 9:9

11 For you this whole visionS Isa 28:7 is nothing but words sealedS Isa 8:16; Da 8:26; 12:9; Mt 13:11; Rev 5:1-2 in a scroll. And if you give the scroll to someone who can read, and say, “Read this, please,” they will answer, “I can’t; it is sealed.”12 Or if you give the scroll to someone who cannot read, and say, “Read this, please,” they will answer, “I don’t know how to read.”

13 The Lord says:

“These peopleJer 14:11; Hag 1:2; 2:14 come near to me with their mouth

and honor me with their lips,S Ps 50:16

but their hearts are far from me.S Ps 119:70; Isa 58:2; Jer 12:2; Eze 33:31

Their worship of me

is based on merely human rules they have been taught.Hebrew; Septuagint They worship me in vain; / their teachings are merely human rulesMt 15:8-9*; Mk 7:6-7*; Col 2:22

14 Therefore once more I will astound these people

with wonder upon wonder;S Job 10:16

the wisdom of the wiseS Job 5:13; Jer 8:9; 49:7 will perish,

the intelligence of the intelligent will vanish.Isa 6:9-10; 1Co 1:19*

15 Woe to those who go to great depths

to hideS Ge 3:8; S Isa 28:15 their plans from the Lord,

who do their work in darkness and think,

“Who sees us?S Job 8:3; Ps 10:11-13; 94:7; Isa 47:10; 57:12; Eze 8:12; 9:9 Who will know?”S 2Ki 21:16; S Job 22:13

16 You turn things upside down,

as if the potter were thought to be like the clay!S Job 10:9; S Isa 10:15

Shall what is formed say to the one who formedS Ge 2:7 it,

“You did not make me”?

Can the pot say to the potter,Isa 45:9; 64:8; Jer 18:6; Ro 9:20-21*

“You know nothing”?S Job 9:12

17 In a very short time,S Isa 10:25 will not LebanonS Isa 2:13 be turned into a fertile fieldPs 84:6; 107:33

and the fertile field seem like a forest?Isa 32:15

18 In that dayS Isa 28:5 the deafMk 7:37 will hear the words of the scroll,

and out of gloom and darknessS Ps 107:14

the eyes of the blind will see.S Ps 146:8; S Isa 32:3; Mt 11:5; Lk 7:22

19 Once more the humblePs 25:9; 37:11; Isa 61:1; Mt 5:5; 11:29 will rejoice in the Lord;

the needyS Ps 72:4; S Isa 3:15; S 14:30; Mt 11:5; Lk 7:22; Jas 1:9; 2:5 will rejoice in the Holy Onever 23; Isa 1:4; S 5:19; S 12:6; 30:11 of Israel.

20 The ruthlessS Isa 9:4; S 13:11 will vanish,Isa 34:12

the mockersS 2Ch 36:16; Isa 28:22 will disappear,

and all who have an eye for evilS Job 15:35; Ps 7:14; Isa 32:7; 33:11; 59:4; Eze 11:2; Mic 2:1; Na 1:11 will be cut down—

21 those who with a word make someone out to be guilty,

who ensnare the defender in courtAm 5:10, 15

and with false testimonyPr 21:28 deprive the innocent of justice.S Isa 5:23; 32:7; Hab 1:4

22 Therefore this is what the Lord, who redeemedS Ex 6:6 Abraham,Ge 17:16; Isa 41:8; 51:2; 63:16 says to the descendants of Jacob:

“No longer will Jacob be ashamed;Ps 22:5; 25:3; S Isa 28:16; 49:23; 61:7; Joel 2:26; Zep 3:11

no longer will their faces grow pale.Jer 30:6, 10; Joel 2:6, 21; Na 2:10

23 When they see among them their children,Isa 49:20-26; 53:10; 54:1-3

the work of my hands,S Ps 8:6; S Isa 19:25

they will keep my name holy;Mt 6:9

they will acknowledge the holiness of the Holy OneS ver 19; S Isa 5:19 of Jacob,

and will stand in awe of the God of Israel.

24 Those who are waywardPs 95:10; S Pr 12:8; Isa 28:7; Heb 5:2 in spirit will gain understanding;Isa 1:3; 32:4; 41:20; 60:16

those who complain will accept instruction.”Isa 30:21; 42:16

Woe to the Obstinate Nation

30 “WoeS Isa 28:1 to the obstinate children,”S Dt 21:18; S Isa 1:2

declares the Lord,

“to those who carry out plans that are not mine,

forming an alliance,S 2Ki 17:4; S Isa 8:12 but not by my Spirit,

heaping sin upon sin;

who go down to Egypt2Ki 25:26; Isa 31:1; 36:6; Jer 2:18, 36; 42:14; Eze 17:15; 29:16

without consultingS Ge 25:22; S Nu 27:21 me;

who look for help to Pharaoh’s protection,Isa 36:9

to Egypt’s shade for refuge.S Isa 4:6

But Pharaoh’s protection will be to your shame,

Egypt’s shadeJdg 9:8-15 will bring you disgrace.ver 5; S Ps 44:13; Isa 20:4-5; 36:6

Though they have officials in ZoanS Nu 13:22

and their envoys have arrived in Hanes,

everyone will be put to shame

because of a peoplever 7; Isa 20:5; 31:1; 36:6 uselessS 2Ki 18:21 to them,

who bring neither helpS Ps 108:12; Jer 37:3-5 nor advantage,

but only shame and disgrace.S ver 3; S 2Ki 18:21; Eze 17:15

A prophecyIsa 13:1 concerning the animals of the Negev:S Jdg 1:9

Through a land of hardship and distress,S Ex 1:13; 5:10, 21; Isa 5:30; 8:22; Jer 11:4

of lionsS Isa 5:29; 35:9 and lionesses,

of adders and darting snakes,S Dt 8:15

the envoys carry their riches on donkeys’S Ge 42:26; S 1Sa 25:18 backs,

their treasuresS Isa 15:7 on the humps of camels,

to that unprofitable nation,

to Egypt, whose help is utterly useless.S 2Ki 18:21; S Jer 2:36

Therefore I call her

RahabS Job 9:13 the Do-Nothing.

Go now, write it on a tabletS Dt 27:8 for them,

inscribe it on a scroll,S Ex 17:14; S Isa 8:1; Jer 25:13; 30:2; 36:28; Hab 2:2

that for the days to come

it may be an everlasting witness.Jos 24:26-27

For these are rebelliousS Ps 78:8; S Isa 1:2; S Eze 2:6 people, deceitfulIsa 28:15; 59:3-4 children,

children unwilling to listen to the Lord’s instruction.S Isa 1:10

10 They say to the seers,S 1Sa 9:9

“See no more visionsJer 11:21; 32:3; Am 7:13!”

and to the prophets,

“Give us no more visions of what is right!

Tell us pleasant things,S 1Ki 22:8; S Jer 4:10

prophesy illusions.Jer 23:26; 25:9; 26:9; 36:29; Eze 13:7; Ro 16:18; 2Ti 4:3-4

11 Leave this way,ver 21; Pr 3:6; Isa 35:8-9; 48:17

get off this path,

and stop confrontingS Job 21:14 us

with the Holy OneS Isa 29:19 of Israel!”

14 Therefore, listen to this message from the Lord,

you scoffing rulers in Jerusalem.

15 You boast, “We have struck a bargain to cheat death

and have made a deal to dodge the grave.Hebrew Sheol; also in 28:18.

The coming destruction can never touch us,

for we have built a strong refuge made of lies and deception.”

16 Therefore, this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“Look! I am placing a foundation stone in Jerusalem,Hebrew in Zion.

a firm and tested stone.

It is a precious cornerstone that is safe to build on.

Whoever believes need never be shaken.Greek version reads Look! I am placing a stone in the foundation of Jerusalem [literally Zion], / a precious cornerstone for its foundation, chosen for great honor. / Anyone who trusts in him will never be disgraced. Compare Rom 9:33; 1 Pet 2:6.

17 I will test you with the measuring line of justice

and the plumb line of righteousness.

Since your refuge is made of lies,

a hailstorm will knock it down.

Since it is made of deception,

a flood will sweep it away.

18 I will cancel the bargain you made to cheat death,

and I will overturn your deal to dodge the grave.

When the terrible enemy sweeps through,

you will be trampled into the ground.

19 Again and again that flood will come,

morning after morning,

day and night,

until you are carried away.”

This message will bring terror to your people.

20 The bed you have made is too short to lie on.

The blankets are too narrow to cover you.

21 The Lord will come as he did against the Philistines at Mount Perazim

and against the Amorites at Gibeon.

He will come to do a strange thing;

he will come to do an unusual deed:

22 For the Lord, the Lord of Heaven’s Armies,

has plainly said that he is determined to crush the whole land.

So scoff no more,

or your punishment will be even greater.

23 Listen to me;

listen, and pay close attention.

24 Does a farmer always plow and never sow?

Is he forever cultivating the soil and never planting?

25 Does he not finally plant his seeds—

black cumin, cumin, wheat, barley, and emmer wheat—

each in its proper way,

and each in its proper place?

26 The farmer knows just what to do,

for God has given him understanding.

27 A heavy sledge is never used to thresh black cumin;

rather, it is beaten with a light stick.

A threshing wheel is never rolled on cumin;

instead, it is beaten lightly with a flail.

28 Grain for bread is easily crushed,

so he doesn’t keep on pounding it.

He threshes it under the wheels of a cart,

but he doesn’t pulverize it.

29 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies is a wonderful teacher,

and he gives the farmer great wisdom.

A Message about Jerusalem

29 “What sorrow awaits Ariel,Ariel sounds like a Hebrew term that means “hearth” or “altar.” the City of David.

Year after year you celebrate your feasts.

Yet I will bring disaster upon you,

and there will be much weeping and sorrow.

For Jerusalem will become what her name Ariel means—

an altar covered with blood.

I will be your enemy,

surrounding Jerusalem and attacking its walls.

I will build siege towers

and destroy it.

Then deep from the earth you will speak;

from low in the dust your words will come.

Your voice will whisper from the ground

like a ghost conjured up from the grave.

“But suddenly, your ruthless enemies will be crushed

like the finest of dust.

Your many attackers will be driven away

like chaff before the wind.

Suddenly, in an instant,

I, the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, will act for you

with thunder and earthquake and great noise,

with whirlwind and storm and consuming fire.

All the nations fighting against JerusalemHebrew Ariel.

will vanish like a dream!

Those who are attacking her walls

will vanish like a vision in the night.

A hungry person dreams of eating

but wakes up still hungry.

A thirsty person dreams of drinking

but is still faint from thirst when morning comes.

So it will be with your enemies,

with those who attack Mount Zion.”

Are you amazed and incredulous?

Don’t you believe it?

Then go ahead and be blind.

You are stupid, but not from wine!

You stagger, but not from liquor!

10 For the Lord has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep.

He has closed the eyes of your prophets and visionaries.

11 All the future events in this vision are like a sealed book to them. When you give it to those who can read, they will say, “We can’t read it because it is sealed.”12 When you give it to those who cannot read, they will say, “We don’t know how to read.”

13 And so the Lord says,

“These people say they are mine.

They honor me with their lips,

but their hearts are far from me.

And their worship of me

is nothing but man-made rules learned by rote.Greek version reads Their worship is a farce, / for they teach man-made ideas as commands from God. Compare Mark 7:7.

14 Because of this, I will once again astound these hypocrites

with amazing wonders.

The wisdom of the wise will pass away,

and the intelligence of the intelligent will disappear.”

15 What sorrow awaits those who try to hide their plans from the Lord,

who do their evil deeds in the dark!

“The Lord can’t see us,” they say.

“He doesn’t know what’s going on!”

16 How foolish can you be?

He is the Potter, and he is certainly greater than you, the clay!

Should the created thing say of the one who made it,

“He didn’t make me”?

Does a jar ever say,

“The potter who made me is stupid”?

17 Soon—and it will not be very long—

the forests of Lebanon will become a fertile field,

and the fertile field will yield bountiful crops.

18 In that day the deaf will hear words read from a book,

and the blind will see through the gloom and darkness.

19 The humble will be filled with fresh joy from the Lord.

The poor will rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

20 The scoffer will be gone,

the arrogant will disappear,

and those who plot evil will be killed.

21 Those who convict the innocent

by their false testimony will disappear.

A similar fate awaits those who use trickery to pervert justice

and who tell lies to destroy the innocent.

22 That is why the Lord, who redeemed Abraham, says to the people of Israel,Hebrew of Jacob. See note on 14:1.

“My people will no longer be ashamed

or turn pale with fear.

23 For when they see their many children

and all the blessings I have given them,

they will recognize the holiness of the Holy One of Jacob.

They will stand in awe of the God of Israel.

24 Then the wayward will gain understanding,

and complainers will accept instruction.

Judah’s Worthless Treaty with Egypt

30 “What sorrow awaits my rebellious children,”

says the Lord.

“You make plans that are contrary to mine.

You make alliances not directed by my Spirit,

thus piling up your sins.

For without consulting me,

you have gone down to Egypt for help.

You have put your trust in Pharaoh’s protection.

You have tried to hide in his shade.

But by trusting Pharaoh, you will be humiliated,

and by depending on him, you will be disgraced.

For though his power extends to Zoan

and his officials have arrived in Hanes,

all who trust in him will be ashamed.

He will not help you.

Instead, he will disgrace you.”

This message came to me concerning the animals in the Negev:

The caravan moves slowly

across the terrible desert to Egypt—

donkeys weighed down with riches

and camels loaded with treasure—

all to pay for Egypt’s protection.

They travel through the wilderness,

a place of lionesses and lions,

a place where vipers and poisonous snakes live.

All this, and Egypt will give you nothing in return.

Egypt’s promises are worthless!

Therefore, I call her Rahab—

the Harmless Dragon.Hebrew Rahab who sits still. Rahab is the name of a mythical sea monster that represents chaos in ancient literature. The name is used here as a poetic name for Egypt.

A Warning for Rebellious Judah

Now go and write down these words.

Write them in a book.

They will stand until the end of time

as a witness

that these people are stubborn rebels

who refuse to pay attention to the Lord’s instructions.

10 They tell the seers,

“Stop seeing visions!”

They tell the prophets,

“Don’t tell us what is right.

Tell us nice things.

Tell us lies.

11 Forget all this gloom.

Get off your narrow path.

Stop telling us about your

‘Holy One of Israel.’”

14 Wherefore hear the word of the Lord, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem.

15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

16 Therefore thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.

18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.

19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only to understand the report.

20 For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it: and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it.

21 For the Lord shall rise up as in mount Perazim, he shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that he may do his work, his strange work; and bring to pass his act, his strange act.

22 Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord God of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.

23 Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear my speech.

24 Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? doth he open and break the clods of his ground?

25 When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and the rie in their place?

26 For his God doth instruct him to discretion, and doth teach him.

27 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

28 Bread corn is bruised; because he will not ever be threshing it, nor break it with the wheel of his cart, nor bruise it with his horsemen.

29 This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

29 Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.

Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.

And I will camp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with a mount, and I will raise forts against thee.

And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.

Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones shall be as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.

Thou shalt be visited of the Lord of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire.

And the multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight against her and her munition, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision.

It shall even be as when an hungry man dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.

Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.

10 For the Lord hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.

11 And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed:

12 And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.

13 Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:

14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.

15 Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the Lord, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?

16 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?

17 Is it not yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest?

18 And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.

19 The meek also shall increase their joy in the Lord, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

20 For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off:

21 That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.

22 Therefore thus saith the Lord, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.

23 But when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.

24 They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.

30 Woe to the rebellious children, saith the Lord, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt!

Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt your confusion.

For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

They were all ashamed of a people that could not profit them, nor be an help nor profit, but a shame, and also a reproach.

The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people that shall not profit them.

For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose: therefore have I cried concerning this, Their strength is to sit still.

Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever and ever:

That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the Lord:

10 Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits:

11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.

Galatians 3:23-4:31

Children of God

23 Before the coming of this faith,Or through the faithfulness of Jesus … 23 Before faith came we were held in custodyRo 11:32 under the law, locked up until the faith that was to come would be revealed.ver 2524 So the law was our guardian until Christ camever 19; Ro 10:4; S 4:15 that we might be justified by faith.Gal 2:1625 Now that this faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian.S Ro 7:4

26 So in Christ Jesus you are all children of GodS Ro 8:14 through faith,27 for all of you who were baptized into ChristS Mt 28:19 have clothed yourselves with Christ.S Ro 13:1428 There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free,1Co 12:13; Col 3:11 nor is there male and female,Ge 1:27; 5:2; Joel 2:29 for you are all one in Christ Jesus.Jn 10:16; 17:11; Eph 2:14, 1529 If you belong to Christ,S 1Co 3:23 then you are Abraham’s seed,ver 16; S Lk 3:8 and heirsS Ro 8:17 according to the promise.ver 16

What I am saying is that as long as an heir is underage, he is no different from a slave, although he owns the whole estate.The heir is subject to guardians and trustees until the time set by his father.So also, when we were underage, we were in slaveryver 8, 9, 24, 25; Gal 2:4 under the elemental spiritual forcesOr under the basic principles of the world.Col 2:8, 20But when the set time had fully come,Mk 1:15; Ro 5:6; Eph 1:10 God sent his Son,S Jn 3:17 born of a woman,S Jn 1:14 born under the law,Lk 2:27to redeemS Ro 3:24 those under the law, that we might receive adoptionJn 1:12 to sonship.The Greek word for adoption to sonship is a legal term referring to the full legal standing of an adopted male heir in Roman culture.S Ro 8:14Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his SonS Ac 16:7 into our hearts,Ro 5:5 the Spirit who calls out, “Abba,Aramaic for Father Father.”Ro 8:15, 16So you are no longer a slave, but God’s child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir.S Ro 8:17

Paul’s Concern for the Galatians

Formerly, when you did not know God,Ro 1:28; 1Co 1:21; 15:34; 1Th 4:5; 2Th 1:8 you were slavesS ver 3 to those who by nature are not gods.2Ch 13:9; Isa 37:19; Jer 2:11; 5:7; 16:20; 1Co 8:4, 5But now that you know God—or rather are known by God1Co 8:3—how is it that you are turning back to those weak and miserable forcesOr principles? Do you wish to be enslavedS ver 3 by them all over again?Col 2:2010 You are observing special days and months and seasons and years!Ro 14:5; Col 2:1611 I fear for you, that somehow I have wasted my efforts on you.1Th 3:5

12 I plead with you, brothers and sisters,S Ro 7:1; Gal 6:18 become like me, for I became like you. You did me no wrong.13 As you know, it was because of an illness1Co 2:3 that I first preached the gospel to you,14 and even though my illness was a trial to you, you did not treat me with contempt or scorn. Instead, you welcomed me as if I were an angel of God, as if I were Christ Jesus himself.Mt 10:4015 Where, then, is your blessing of me now? I can testify that, if you could have done so, you would have torn out your eyes and given them to me.16 Have I now become your enemy by telling you the truth?Am 5:10

17 Those people are zealous to win you over, but for no good. What they want is to alienate you from us, so that you may have zeal for them.Gal 2:4, 1218 It is fine to be zealous, provided the purpose is good, and to be so always, not just when I am with you.ver 13, 1419 My dear children,S 1Th 2:11 for whom I am again in the pains of childbirth until Christ is formed in you,Ro 8:29; Eph 4:1320 how I wish I could be with you now and change my tone, because I am perplexed about you!

Hagar and Sarah

21 Tell me, you who want to be under the law,S Ro 2:12 are you not aware of what the law says?22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave womanGe 16:15 and the other by the free woman.Ge 21:223 His son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh,ver 28, 29; Ro 9:7, 8 but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a divine promise.Ge 17:16-21; 18:10-14; 21:1; Heb 11:11

24 These things are being taken figuratively: The women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar.25 Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children.26 But the Jerusalem that is aboveHeb 12:22; Rev 3:12; 21:2, 10 is free, and she is our mother.27 For it is written:

“Be glad, barren woman,

you who never bore a child;

shout for joy and cry aloud,

you who were never in labor;

because more are the children of the desolate woman

than of her who has a husband.”Isaiah 54:1Isa 54:1

28 Now you, brothers and sisters, like Isaac, are children of promise.ver 23; S Gal 3:1629 At that time the son born according to the fleshver 23 persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit.Ge 21:9 It is the same now.30 But what does Scripture say? “Get rid of the slave woman and her son, for the slave woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with the free woman’s son.”Gen. 21:10Ge 21:1031 Therefore, brothers and sisters, we are not children of the slave woman,S Ro 7:4 but of the free woman.ver 22

God’s Children through Faith

23 Before the way of faith in Christ was available to us, we were placed under guard by the law. We were kept in protective custody, so to speak, until the way of faith was revealed.

24 Let me put it another way. The law was our guardian until Christ came; it protected us until we could be made right with God through faith.25 And now that the way of faith has come, we no longer need the law as our guardian.

26 For you are all childrenGreek sons. of God through faith in Christ Jesus.27 And all who have been united with Christ in baptism have put on Christ, like putting on new clothes.Greek have put on Christ.28 There is no longer Jew or Gentile,Greek Jew or Greek. slave or free, male and female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.29 And now that you belong to Christ, you are the true childrenGreek seed. of Abraham. You are his heirs, and God’s promise to Abraham belongs to you.

Think of it this way. If a father dies and leaves an inheritance for his young children, those children are not much better off than slaves until they grow up, even though they actually own everything their father had.They have to obey their guardians until they reach whatever age their father set.And that’s the way it was with us before Christ came. We were like children; we were slaves to the basic spiritual principlesOr powers; also in 4:9. of this world.

But when the right time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, subject to the law.God sent him to buy freedom for us who were slaves to the law, so that he could adopt us as his very own children.Greek sons; also in 4:6.And because weGreek you. are his children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, prompting us to call out, “Abba, Father.”Abba is an Aramaic term for “father.”Now you are no longer a slave but God’s own child.Greek son; also in 4:7b. And since you are his child, God has made you his heir.

Paul’s Concern for the Galatians

Before you Gentiles knew God, you were slaves to so-called gods that do not even exist.So now that you know God (or should I say, now that God knows you), why do you want to go back again and become slaves once more to the weak and useless spiritual principles of this world?10 You are trying to earn favor with God by observing certain days or months or seasons or years.11 I fear for you. Perhaps all my hard work with you was for nothing.12 Dear brothers and sisters,Greek brothers; also in 4:28, 31. I plead with you to live as I do in freedom from these things, for I have become like you Gentiles—free from those laws.

You did not mistreat me when I first preached to you.13 Surely you remember that I was sick when I first brought you the Good News.14 But even though my condition tempted you to reject me, you did not despise me or turn me away. No, you took me in and cared for me as though I were an angel from God or even Christ Jesus himself.15 Where is that joyful and grateful spirit you felt then? I am sure you would have taken out your own eyes and given them to me if it had been possible.16 Have I now become your enemy because I am telling you the truth?

17 Those false teachers are so eager to win your favor, but their intentions are not good. They are trying to shut you off from me so that you will pay attention only to them.18 If someone is eager to do good things for you, that’s all right; but let them do it all the time, not just when I’m with you.

19 Oh, my dear children! I feel as if I’m going through labor pains for you again, and they will continue until Christ is fully developed in your lives.20 I wish I were with you right now so I could change my tone. But at this distance I don’t know how else to help you.

Abraham’s Two Children

21 Tell me, you who want to live under the law, do you know what the law actually says?22 The Scriptures say that Abraham had two sons, one from his slave wife and one from his freeborn wife.See Gen 16:15; 21:2-3.23 The son of the slave wife was born in a human attempt to bring about the fulfillment of God’s promise. But the son of the freeborn wife was born as God’s own fulfillment of his promise.

24 These two women serve as an illustration of God’s two covenants. The first woman, Hagar, represents Mount Sinai where people received the law that enslaved them.25 And now Jerusalem is just like Mount Sinai in Arabia,Greek And Hagar, which is Mount Sinai in Arabia, is now like Jerusalem; other manuscripts read And Mount Sinai in Arabia is now like Jerusalem. because she and her children live in slavery to the law.26 But the other woman, Sarah, represents the heavenly Jerusalem. She is the free woman, and she is our mother.27 As Isaiah said,

“Rejoice, O childless woman,

you who have never given birth!

Break into a joyful shout,

you who have never been in labor!

For the desolate woman now has more children

than the woman who lives with her husband!”Isa 54:1.

28 And you, dear brothers and sisters, are children of the promise, just like Isaac.29 But you are now being persecuted by those who want you to keep the law, just as Ishmael, the child born by human effort, persecuted Isaac, the child born by the power of the Spirit.

30 But what do the Scriptures say about that? “Get rid of the slave and her son, for the son of the slave woman will not share the inheritance with the free woman’s son.”Gen 21:10.31 So, dear brothers and sisters, we are not children of the slave woman; we are children of the free woman.

23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

29 And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all;

But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father.

Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?

10 Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.

11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.

12 Brethren, I beseech you, be as I am; for I am as ye are: ye have not injured me at all.

13 Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.

14 And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.

15 Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? for I bear you record, that, if it had been possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me.

16 Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth?

17 They zealously affect you, but not well; yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them.

18 But it is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing, and not only when I am present with you.

19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,

20 I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you.

21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman.

23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.

24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.

25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

27 For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.

28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.

29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.

31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

Psalm 62:1-12

Psalm 62In Hebrew texts 62:1-12 is numbered 62:2-13.

For the director of music. For Jeduthun. A psalm of David.

Truly my soul finds restS Ps 5:3 in God;ver 5

my salvation comes from him.

Truly he is my rockPs 18:31; 89:26 and my salvation;S Ex 15:2

he is my fortress,S Ps 59:9 I will never be shaken.S Job 29:18

How long will you assault me?

Would all of you throw me down—

this leaning wall,Isa 30:13 this tottering fence?

Surely they intend to topple me

from my lofty place;

they take delight in lies.

With their mouths they bless,

but in their hearts they curse.The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here and at the end of verse 8.Ps 28:3; 55:21

Yes, my soul, find rest in God;ver 1

my hope comes from him.

Truly he is my rock and my salvation;

he is my fortress, I will not be shaken.

My salvation and my honor depend on GodOr / God Most High is my salvation and my honor;

he is my mighty rock, my refuge.S Ps 61:3

Trust in him at all times, you people;Ps 37:5; Isa 26:4

pour out your hearts to him,1Sa 1:15; Ps 42:4; Mt 26:36-46

for God is our refuge.

Surely the lowbornPs 49:2 are but a breath,S Job 7:7

the highborn are but a lie.

If weighed on a balance,Isa 40:15 they are nothing;

together they are only a breath.

10 Do not trust in extortionS Ps 12:5; 1Ti 6:17

or put vain hope in stolen goods;Isa 61:8; Eze 22:29; Na 3:1

though your riches increase,

do not set your heart on them.S Job 31:25; Mt 19:23-24; 1Ti 6:6-10

11 One thing God has spoken,

two things I have heard:

“Power belongs to you, God,S 1Ch 29:11; Rev 19:1

12 and with you, Lord, is unfailing love”;Ps 86:5; 103:8; 130:7

and, “You reward everyone

according to what they have done.”S Job 21:31; Ps 28:4; S Mt 16:27; Ro 2:6*; 1Co 3:8; Col 3:25

Psalm 62

For Jeduthun, the choir director: A psalm of David.

I wait quietly before God,

for my victory comes from him.

He alone is my rock and my salvation,

my fortress where I will never be shaken.

So many enemies against one man—

all of them trying to kill me.

To them I’m just a broken-down wall

or a tottering fence.

They plan to topple me from my high position.

They delight in telling lies about me.

They praise me to my face

but curse me in their hearts. Interlude

Let all that I am wait quietly before God,

for my hope is in him.

He alone is my rock and my salvation,

my fortress where I will not be shaken.

My victory and honor come from God alone.

He is my refuge, a rock where no enemy can reach me.

O my people, trust in him at all times.

Pour out your heart to him,

for God is our refuge. Interlude

Common people are as worthless as a puff of wind,

and the powerful are not what they appear to be.

If you weigh them on the scales,

together they are lighter than a breath of air.

10 Don’t make your living by extortion

or put your hope in stealing.

And if your wealth increases,

don’t make it the center of your life.

11 God has spoken plainly,

and I have heard it many times:

Power, O God, belongs to you;

12 unfailing love, O Lord, is yours.

Surely you repay all people

according to what they have done.

62 Truly my soul waiteth upon God: from him cometh my salvation.

He only is my rock and my salvation; he is my defence; I shall not be greatly moved.

How long will ye imagine mischief against a man? ye shall be slain all of you: as a bowing wall shall ye be, and as a tottering fence.

They only consult to cast him down from his excellency: they delight in lies: they bless with their mouth, but they curse inwardly. Selah.

My soul, wait thou only upon God; for my expectation is from him.

He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defence; I shall not be moved.

In God is my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, and my refuge, is in God.

Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah.

Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance, they are altogether lighter than vanity.

10 Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart upon them.

11 God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongeth unto God.

12 Also unto thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work.

Proverbs 23:19-21

Saying 16

19 Listen, my son,Dt 4:9; Pr 28:7 and be wise,

and set your heart on the right path:

20 Do not join those who drink too much wineIsa 5:11, 22; 56:12; Hab 2:15

or gorge themselves on meat,

21 for drunkards and gluttons become poor,S Pr 21:17

and drowsiness clothes them in rags.

19 My child, listen and be wise:

Keep your heart on the right course.

20 Do not carouse with drunkards

or feast with gluttons,

21 for they are on their way to poverty,

and too much sleep clothes them in rags.

19 Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way.

20 Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh:

21 For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags.

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